This is a list of cheeses by place of origin. Types of cheese are included; brand names are only included if they apply to a distinct variety of cheese. Cheese is a milk-based food that is produced in wide-ranging flavors, textures, and forms. Hundreds of types of cheese from various countries are produced. Their styles, textures and flavors depend on the origin of the milk (including the animal's diet), whether they have been pasteurized, the butterfat content, the bacteria and mold, the processing, and aging.
Herbs, spices, or wood smoke may be used as flavoring agents. The yellow to red color of many cheeses, such as Red Leicester, is normally formed from adding annatto. While most current varieties of cheese may be traced to a particular locale, or culture, within a single country, some have a more diffuse origin, and cannot be considered to have originated in a particular place, but are associated with a whole region, such as queso blanco in Latin America.
The brand name of a camel milkcheese produced in Mauritania by Tiviski, a company founded by Nancy Abeiderrhamane in 1987. The milk used to make the cheese is collected from the local animals of a thousand nomadicherdsmen, and is very difficult to produce, but yields a product that is low in lactose.
A fresh, unripened curd cheese made from cow or water buffalomilk. A crumbly and moist form of farmers cheese or paneer, it is used to make desserts such as rasgulla. Produced mostly in eastern Indian states of Odisha and West Bengal, it is the chief ingredient of most of the sweets produced here. It is used in various Hindu religious rituals. The earliest reference of cheese in India dates back to 1400 BCE.
Very similar to chhana in texture, it has a deep, reddish-brown color, and is more flavorful and distinctly tasteful. It is rich in whey protein. It was generally homemade in Cuttack region of Orissa households, but now its production has become very rare. It is produced from traditional buttermilk, and a big quantity of milk is required to produce even a small amounts of Dahi Chhana. It has a long shelf life, and can be kept in earthen sikkas for months.
Originates from Kalimpong, a hill station in the Indian state of West Bengal. When unripe, Kalimpong cheese is a little like the WelshCaerphilly, slightly acidic and a little crumbly with a relatively smooth (edible) rind and not particularly strong-smelling.
Imsil Cheese Village is located near the town of Imsil (within the county of Imsil). It offers vacation programs for children and tourists, with programs lasting for one day or more, in which guests learn how to make cheese. The cheese produced there is called Imsil cheese, following the county name.
A firm yak's-milk cheese made in Nepal by Tibetan nomads in collaboration with the Trace Foundation. Milk is heated and ripened in big copper vats, curdled, drained and molded into 10–12 pound wheels. The cheese is dry-cured in Tibetan red salt, aged, then wrapped in scarves and packed in bamboo baskets.
Named after its color, it is a variation of the Balkanic sirene. One of the most popular types of cheese in Albania, widely used as an appetizer or side dish. Village salad and byrek are the most known recipes where djathë i bardhë is used, but it is also served fried, or baked in terracotta dishes with peppers and tomatoes. Djathë i bardhë is commonly eaten as meze, a term used for appetizers that are served with alcoholic beverages, most prominently, raki.
In Albania, kaçkavall is the most popular type of cheese after djathë i bardhë (white cheese). It is considered a traditional Albanian cheese, and is widely used as a side dish. A great majority of traditional restaurants will bring plates of raw or fried kaçkavall for no additional cost before the main dishes finish cooking. All dairy companies is Albania produce kaçkavall and mainly use cow's or sheep's milk.
This is an Albanian term usually used for Gouda, meaning pizza cheese. After pizza came to prominence among Albanians, the most used cheese for this purpose was kaçkavall, which didn't have much success because of its strong odor and taste. While Italian restaurants started opening in Albania and using mozzarella or pizzottella for pizza, Albanian families and restaurants started using Gouda since it was cheaper and had a similar taste. Nowadays, Albanian dairy companies produce their own djathë pice, which still remains very similar to Gouda in its process and taste.
Gjizë is a whey cheese very similar to curd or cottage cheese. It is usually salted and it is one of the most used ingredients for byrek. Its taste can be compared to ricotta when served unsalted. Most Albanians consider gjizë as the creamy version of djathë i bardhë.
A brined string cheese that originated in Armenia, it has a consistency approximating that of suluguni or mozzarella and is produced in the form of dense strings, rolled up in a figure eight of thick braid-shaped ropes.
The Montafoner Sauerkäse (dialect: Sura Kees or in the Walgau and Rhine Valley Sura Käs) is a cheese made of soured-milk and has its origins in the Vorarlberger Montafon. Sour milk cheese is a lean cheese, so its fat content is very low. The protein content, however, does not suffer from fat loss due to the cream sabot. It is known in Vorarlberg since the 12th century and is similar to the Tyrolean grey cheese.
Made from pasteurized milk, Mondseer is a semi-solid cheese similar to Muenster cheese or Limburger. The surface is brushed by hand with salt water red smear, and maturation takes four to six weeks. The fat content is 45%. It has a mild to slightly spicy aroma and a sweet and sour taste. Its natural rind is yellow-orange in color.
A strongly flavored, rennet-free cows-milk cheese made in the Zillertal, Austria. It owes its name to the grey mould that usually grows on its rind. It is extremely low in fat (around 0.5%), yet it has a powerful penetrating smell.
Produced from cow's milk, this cheese is semi-soft and its coloration varies from yellow to ivory depending upon the season in which its produced. It is made by Fromagerie des Ardennes, which is in Ferrières, Belgium.
Originated during the 19th century in the historical Duchy of Limburg, which is now divided among modern-day Belgium, Germany, and Netherlands. The cheese is especially known for its pungent odor. One of the most traditional forms of eating Limburger is the Limburger sandwich.
Named after Passendale, the village where it originated, it is one of the best-known cheeses in Belgium. It resembles a loaf of bread and has a round shape and a hard, but edible brown rind with spots of white. Inside, the flesh is golden, dotted with small holes and very creamy. It has a firm and damp consistency, slightly sweet bouquet and mild flavor. The regular Passendale cheese exists in two variations called Passendale Classic and Passendale Prelude.
It derives its name from the use of milk removed 15 minutes after the usual milking. Hence the wallonverbrimoûd meaning to re-milk. This cheese weighs 200 to 500g. When it is washed with salt it gets a strong taste, and when it is washed with milk it keeps a mild taste. It is often sold in pieces.
The cheese is ready after an average of 60 to 66 days in a controlled environment. The flavor is full, and in older cheeses the taste is slightly piquant. The largest producer is Mljekara Livno or Lura Dairy d.o.o. Livno, with yearly production exceeding 500 metric tons.
This cheese is produced on Vlašić mountain in central Bosnia, above the city of Travnik. It was originally made from sheep milk, but there are varieties made from cow milk or mixture of both. This is brined mostly low-fat cheese, white in color, and can either have small irregular holes scattered in it, or be solid without holes. When drained from brine its taste can be dry and quite salty. The milk has a special flavor that comes from the variety of different herbs that sheep are eating while grazing on the mountain.
Vareš, Olovo, Tuzla, central to northeastern Bosnia, Bosnia and Herzegovina
Bosnian smoked cheese (also known as Serbo-Croatian: Suhi sir or Dimljeni sir) is a type of very dry piquant low-fat smoked cheese originating from Bosnia and Herzegovina. It is usually home-made product, but industrial production also exists.
Made from sheep milk, Cherni Vit cheese owes the green color of its crust and its characteristic taste to the formation of mold. This occurs naturally due to the specific conditions in the region and the technology of production. Produced for centuries, Cherni Vit cheese was nearly extinct in the 2000s until it was rediscovered and popularized by Slow Food representatives.
A hard, distinctively flavored sheep milk cheese. It is generally regarded as the most famous of Croatian artisan cheeses and is found in many export markets outside Croatia, also known as Godsips cheese.
A fresh mild whey cheese produced in Cyprus. Although much less known than other Cypriot cheeses (e.g. halloumi), it has started to gain popularity following recent publicity exposure. The whey used is usually a by-product in the production process of other harder cheeses, commonly that of halloumi or kefalotyri cheese.
A Cypriot semi-hard, unripened brined cheese made from a mixture of goat and sheep milk, and sometimes also cow milk. It has a high melting point and so can easily be fried or grilled. It is noted for its ability to retain its shape under direct heat, or as a "grillable" cheese.
A semi-soft, aged cow's milk cheese, and a common household cheese in Denmark. The cheese is typically aged between 12 and 52 weeks in rectangular blocks of 6 or 9 kg, coated with a bacterial culture. The culture is washed off at the end of the aging cycle, and the cheese is packaged for retail sales.
Danablu is a strong, blue-veined cheese. This semi-soft creamery cheese is typically drum or block shaped and has a white to yellowish, slightly moist, edible rind. Made from full fat cow's milk and homogenised cream, it has a fat content of 25–30% and is aged for eight to twelve weeks
Esrom, or Danish Port Salut cheese, is a Trappist-style pale yellow semi-soft cow's milk cheese with a pungent aroma and a full, sweet flavour. It is a porous cheese, with many small holes throughout, and is slightly elastic and buttery in texture.
Also known as cream Havarti, a semi-soft cow's milk cheese made like most cheeses by introducing rennet to milk to cause curdling. The curds are pressed into cheese molds which are drained, and then the cheese is aged. It is a washed curd cheese, which contributes to the subtle flavor. It is interior-ripened, rindless, smooth and slightly bright-surfaced. It has very small and irregular openings ("eyes") distributed in the mass. Havarti has a buttery aroma and can be somewhat sharp in the stronger varieties, much like Swiss cheese. The taste is buttery, and from somewhat sweet to very sweet, and it is slightly acidic.
A semi-hard cheese made from cow's milk. It has a firm, dry interior; a creamy texture; and many small, irregular holes. It has a pale tan rind covered in yellow wax. Its flavour is tangy, and it is sometimes seasoned with caraway seeds.
A semi-hard cow's milk cheese made in the region of Mols. It is very similar to Edam, with a delicate, light flavour that is slightly tangy and salty. It has small, regular holes and is covered in a red wax coating.
A mix of blue cheese and brie, creamy, blue-veined cheese with a white-mould rind. Saga is a very mild blue-veined cheese. It comes with a delicate blue mold, that may not appear in other varieties of blue cheeses. It is aged for more than 60 days.
A cow's milk cheese named after the island of Samsø. It is similar to Emmentaler, although its flavour is milder: gentle and nutty in young cheeses and pungent with sweet and sour notes in older ones. Samsø's interior has a supple, elastic texture; a yellow colour; and a few large, irregular holes. It is the national cheese of Denmark.
A pickled Georgian cheese from the Samegrelo region. It has a sour, moderately salty flavor, a dimpled texture, and an elastic consistency; these attributes are the result of the process used, as is the source of its moniker "pickle cheese". Its color ranges from white to pale yellow. Sulguni is often deep-fried, which masks its odor. It is often served in wedges.
A traditional fresh cheese. There are Dry Anthotyros and Fresh Anthotyros. Dry Anthotyros is a matured cheese similar to Mizithra. Anthotyros is made with milk and whey from sheep or goats, sometimes in combination. The ratio of milk to whey usually is 9-to-1. It is commonly a truncated cone, but when shipped in containers may be crumbled, as it is removed. It may be unpasturized, where law allows.
A small round cheese made from sheep's milk, salt and rennet, Ġbejniet are prepared and served in a variety of forms. Until the early 20th century, ġbejniet made from unpasteurised milk were one of the causes of the spread of Brucellosis which was so prevalent as to be called "the Maltese fever".
A type of soft "Leafy" cheese made of cow milk, produced in Northern Montenegro town of Kolašin. This is a cow milk cheese exclusive to the Central North region, more specifically, around Kolašin town. This is due to the specific composition of flora that free-ranging cows feed upon on the upland pastures, as well as to the microclimatic conditions of the locality. The attempts to make this cheese elsewhere following the same recipe have failed. The producers from this region are proud of their cheese, and for years have been trying to initialize the procedure for the protection of geographic origin.
This cheese is very valued as a delicacy in whole of Montenegro, and it is one of the most expensive fresh cheeses on the national market.
The name of this cheese is derived from its specific texture. Thin, sometimes almost transparent, layers create a leafy structure, and make strings when the cheese is pulled apart. It has a pleasant mild fragrance. It does not contain high levels of fat, so its taste is mild and light.All producers make it in a similar manner, although every family has their own small secret that distinguishes their cheese, of which they are rather protective. What is known is that this cheese is made by combining the skimmed and whole cow milk. After adding the rennet, which makes milk curd, the cheese is drained and then frequently turned and folded. It is this manipulation that creates thin layers – leafs – that give it a characteristic texture.
A type of best semisoft cheese made of cow milk, produced in Northern Montenegro town of Pljevlja. Cheese from Pljevlja is a ubiquitous part of Montenegrin meal. It is white cheese made from unpasteurized cow milk. The characteristic flavour comes from the maturation process that takes place in special wooden barrel-like containers. The cheese matures for at least three weeks until it achieves its characteristic strong flavour and creamy texture.
Currently, there is an ongoing procedure for protection of geographic origin for this cheese.
In the Sothern Montenegro town of Cetinje surroundings at Njeguši the famous cheese of Njeguši is produced. It is being kept at shaded in airy places up to 3 months before degustation. Dried and rich in cow milk fats – simply exquisite.
A type of yellow cheese made of sheep milk. In North Macedonia the term is often used to refer to all yellow cheeses (or even any cheese other than Сирење). In English-language menus "кашкавал" is translated as "yellow cheese" (whereas sirene is usually translated as "white cheese" or simply "cheese"). The taste of the kashkaval is sometimes compared to that of the United Kingdom's cheddar cheese, although variations exist.
A type of brine cheese produced in North Macedonia called "white cheese" or simply "cheese". It is made of goat milk, sheep milk, cow's milk or a combination of milks. It is slightly crumbly with a fat content of 30–35%. It is commonly produced in blocks, and has a slightly grainy texture.
A caramelized brown Scandinavianwhey cheese. Brunost (brown cheese) is commonly used instead of mysost (whey cheese), which is the correct name. Another variant, made using goat milk, is referred to and sold as geitost (Norwegian for "goat cheese") or, in an older Dano-Norwegian spelling no longer used in Norway, as gjetost. Geitost is made from a mixture of goat's and cow's milk; ekte geitost (real geitost) is made with goat's milk only.
Originating from the island of Pico, this cured cheese is produced in cylindrical formats from cow milk It is considered a fatty cheese and the ripening of the cheese forms a yellow exterior irregular crust and yellowish-white, soft and pasty interior. Pico cheese has a salty taste and a, characteristically, intense aroma.
Produced in a mountainous region this cheeses is made from sheep's milk, mostly during the months of November to March. The texture of the paste varies depending on its age, from a very soft semi-liquid when young, to a soft but sliceable solid when older. It is a cured cheese created by artisanal producers with a white or slightly yellow color and a uniform creamy consistency with at most a few small holes in it.
A salty type of cheese prepared with sheep's-milk, it has a strong flavor and is slightly soft in texture. To obtain it, sweet caş is cut into small pieces, salted and then hand-mixed in a large wooden bowl. The mixture is then placed in a sheep's stomach, or into a sheep's skin that has been carefully cleaned and sawed on the edges, or in a tube made of pine bark.
Sweet to extremely salty cheese obtained from cow's or sheep's raw or pasteurized milk. Two main categories: fresh – available seasonally and preserved -available year around. Fresh telemea is soft, and in various degrees of saltiness. Preserved telemea is harder and salt saturated due to its brine preservation. Preserved telemea is almost identical to Greek Feta cheese.
A traditional Slovakian cheese, it is a semi-firm, non-ripening, semi-fat, steamed and usually smoked cheese, although the non-smoked version is also produced. Parenica is cream and yellow in color, which is darkened by steaming. The cheese is produced in strips, which are woven into snail-like spirals.
"Gotland Blue" is made in Sweden by the Arla Foods company in the town of Stånga on the island of Gotland. This cheese is often characterized as being somewhere between strong and mild, containing elements of both types. The color is a pale yellow, and it has no holes.
A semi-hard Swedish cheese made from cow's milk. It is similar to Emmental with a mild and nutty taste. The cream-coloured cheese has a smooth and creamy texture with large holes. It contains 30–40% fat and takes 10 months to attain full ripeness.
A semi-hard cow's-milk cheese, with a creamy consistency, light yellow colour, small irregular holes, and a mildly acidic taste. The cheese is aged in a dry environment for at least two months, sometimes up to more than a year.
A hard cow's milk cheese with tiny eyes or holes and a firm and granular texture. Strong in flavour, its taste is described as somewhat like Parmesan cheese, salty, but with more bitter notes. Västerbotten cheese must be aged for at least 12 months.
a brinedcurdcheese traditionally made in Iran. Having a sour flavor, and a shape covered by holes, the cheese is produced from sheep's milk. The name comes from Liqvan, a village in Tabriz, where it has traditionally been made.
Hard, dry laban made from goat or ewe's milk.Milk is kept in a fine woven cheesecloth to make a thick yogurt. Salt is added daily to thicken the yogurt even more and the outside of the yogurt filled cheesecloth is rinsed with water to allow any remaining whey to seep through. After a few days of salting the yogurt, it becomes very dense and it can be removed from the cheesecloth and shaped into round balls. Pictured is white Jameed in a shop front in Jerusalem.
is a heavy cream that is very popular in the Middle East. Traditionally, it is made by skimming the thickest part of the cream from whey. The product is used both as an ingredient in cooking and is mixed with honey to be eaten as an incredibly rich dessert. Rich Cow brand Kashta is a fresh, rich-tasting, cream product texture of which is smooth and thick. It has a sixty-day refrigerated shelf life.
Is an unsalted, very fresh, soft cheese that melts easily and freely. It is used to make the popular "cheesecake", like dessert that is sometimes called Kenafa by people in the Middle East mainly Palestine. It can also be used as a base for other sweet cheese desserts. It is sold frozen because there is no salt in it and is available in both retail and bulk packages.
A soft white cheese usually made from cow or buffalo milk. It is salted, heated, coagulated using rennet and then ladled into wooden molds where the whey is drained away for three days. The cheese may be eaten fresh, or stored in salted whey for up to eight months, then matured in brine. Domiati cheese accounts for about three-quarters of the cheese made and consumed in Egypt. The cheese takes its name from the city of Damietta and is thought to have been made as early as 332 BC.
A sharp and salty product made by fermenting cheese for several months in salted whey. It is an important part of the diet of farmers.Mish is often made at home from areesh cheese. Products similar to mish are made commercially from different types of Egyptian cheese such as domiati or rumi, with different ages.
Originally manufactured by the Trappist monks, who are located in Oka, Quebec, Canada, this cheese has a distinct flavour and aroma, and is still manufactured in Oka, although now by a commercial company.
Most Canadian Cheddar is produced by a number of large companies in Ontario, though other provinces produce some and some smaller artisanal producers exist. The annual production is 120,000 tons. It is aged a minimum of three months, but much of it is held for much longer, up to 10 years.
A firm, aged Mexican cheese traditionally made from skimmed goat's milk but most often available made from skimmed cow's milk. After it is made it is rolled in paprika to add additional flavor to its salty sharp flavor.
Prepared in brick-shaped form, the color ranges from pale yellow to white, and it has a sweet and mild flavor when young, and matures into a strong ripe cheese with age. It is medium-soft, crumbles easily and is somewhat sticky to the knife.
Best eaten within 24–48 hours of production and at room temperature. Fresh curds will often come in a bag and have a little whey in the bag. They are often high in moisture and salty and will likely squeak while you chew them.
After a couple days or after any refrigeration they can be "regenerated" with a couple seconds in a microwave, but they will not be the same or as fresh. They are good in an omelete or breaded and fried at this point. After a few days they will be like a young colby or cheddar.
Kin to cheddar, but much milder. The curd is washed at production to rinse off the lactose (milk sugars). Bacteria do not have a chance to make the cheese more acidic as it ages, unlike cheddar. It melts well.
Commonly mistaken[by whom?] as a variety of cheese due to the widespread use of tasty as an adjective for cheeses by Australian manufacturers; it is in fact equivalent to Cheddar, and is a term used in both Australia and New Zealand. Usage examples include CC's Tasty Cheese tortilla chips.
A soft, mild-tasting cheese that can be spread over toasts, crackers and bread buns or used in cooking. Because of its low level of acidity, catupiry has become an ingredient in various dishes. It is one of the most popular "requeijão" (creamy cheese) brands in Brazil.
Department of Cundinamarca and Boyacá, oriental mountains
is a kind of fresh done cheese with only one or few days of mature. Is the same kind as Quesillo. Comparable to Mozzarella is kept fresh in Banana leaves where it gets actually its typical form and texture
Some types of cheese were either developed in various locales independently (usually as un-aged products from the beginning stages of dairy processing and cheesemaking), or are not actually cheese products. Examples include:
A cheesecurd product with a mild flavor. It is drained, but not pressed, so some whey remains and the individual curds remain loose. The curd is usually washed to remove acidity, giving sweet curd cheese. Many local varieties exist.
^Ayto, John (1990). The glutton's glossary: a dictionary of food and drink terms. Routledge. p. 133. ISBN978-0-415-02647-5. Haloumi, or halumi, is a mild salty Cypriot cheese made from goat's, ewe's, or cow's milk.