List of chief ministers from the Communist Party of India (Marxist)

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As of January 2018, nine leaders of the Communist Party of India (Marxist) have held the post of chief minister. A chief minister is the head of government of each of the twenty-nine states and two union territories (Delhi and Puducherry). According to the Constitution of India, at the state-level, the governor is de jure head, but de facto executive authority rests with the chief minister. Following elections to the state legislative assembly, the governor usually invites the party (or coalition) with a majority of seats to form the government. The governor appoints the chief minister, whose council of ministers are collectively responsible to the assembly. Given he has the assembly's confidence, the chief minister's term is usually for a maximum of five years; there are no limits to the number of terms he/she can serve.[1]

Chief Ministers from the Communist Part of India (Marxist)[edit]

  • *  – Incumbent chief minister
Chief Ministers from CPI(M)
State Name Portrait Took office
(tenure length)
Kerala E. M. S. Namboodiripad[α] E. M. S. Namboodiripad.jpg 6 March 1967
(2 years, 240 days)
E. K. Nayanar Ek nayanar.jpeg 25 January 1980 (First time)
(1 year, 268 days)
26 March 1987 (Second time)
(4 years, 83 days)
20 May 1996 (Third time)
(4 years, 358 days)
V. S. Achuthanandan Vs achutanandann.jpg 18 May 2006
(4 years, 361 days)
Pinarayi Vijayan* Pinarayi.JPG 25 May 2016
(2 years, 144 days)
Tripura[2] Nripen Chakraborty 5 January 1978
(10 years, 31 days)
Dasarath Deb 10 April 1993
(4 years, 335 days)
Manik Sarkar Manik Sarkar.jpg 11 March 1998
(19 years, 363 days)
West Bengal Jyoti Basu Jyoti Basu - Calcutta 1996-12-21 089 Cropped.png 21 June 1977
(23 years, 138 days)
Buddhadeb Bhattacharya Buddhadev Bhattacharjee.jpg 6 November 2000
(10 years, 188 days)

See also[edit]


  • "States of India since 1947". Retrieved 2 August 2013.
  1. ^ Durga Das Basu. Introduction to the Constitution of India. 1960. 20th Edition, 2011 Reprint. pp. 241, 245. LexisNexis Butterworths Wadhwa Nagpur. ISBN 978-81-8038-559-9.
  2. ^ "Tripura Legislative Assembly".
  1. ^ Before the split in the Communist Party of India in 1964, E. M. S. Namboodiripad had served as Chief Minister of Kerala 1957-1959 whilst being a CPI leader.

External links[edit]