List of chief ministers of Jharkhand

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Chief Minister of Jharkhand
A photograph of Hemant Soren
Incumbent
Hemant Soren

since 29 December 2019
AppointerGovernor of Jharkhand
Inaugural holderBabulal Marandi
Formation15 November 2000

The Chief Minister of Jharkhand is the chief executive of the Indian state of Jharkhand. In accordance with the Constitution of India, the governor is a state's de jure head, but de facto executive authority rests with the chief minister. Following elections to the legislative assembly, the state's governor usually invites the party (or coalition) with a majority of seats to form the government. The governor appoints the chief minister, whose council of ministers are collectively responsible to the assembly. Given the confidence of the assembly, the chief minister's term is for five years and is subject to no term limits.[1]

Six people have served as the state's chief minister since Jharkhand's formation on 15 November 2000.[2] Half of them, including the inaugural officeholder Babulal Marandi, represented the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP). His successor Arjun Munda, also from the BJP, is the longest-serving chief minister; he served for over five years, across three terms but never completed a full term. Two chief ministers, Shibu Soren and his son Hemant Soren, represented the Jharkhand Mukti Morcha (JMM). Shibu Soren's first term ended in just ten days, as he could not prove that he had the support of a majority of the house and was forced to resign. The state has also been governed by Madhu Koda, one of the few independents to become the chief minister of any state.[3] In between their reigns, the state has also been under President's rule three times. Raghubar Das, of the BJP, was the first chief minister to complete a full term in the state. Hemant Soren of the Jharkhand Mukti Morcha is the incumbent chief minister.

Chief ministers Jharkhand[edit]

  Bharatiya Janata Party       Jharkhand Mukti Morcha       Independent       N/A (President's rule)
No.[a] Name Portrait Term
(tenure length)
Party[b] Assembly
(election)
Ref.
1 Babulal Marandi A photograph of Babulal Marandi 15 November 2000 – 18 March 2003
(2 years, 4 months and 3 days)
Bharatiya Janata Party First/Interim Assembly[c]
(2000 election)
[4]
2 Arjun Munda A photograph of Arjun Munda 18 March 2003 – 2 March 2005
(1 year, 11 months and 12 days)
[5]
3 Shibu Soren A photograph of Shibu Soren 2 March 2005 – 12 March 2005
(10 days)
Jharkhand Mukti Morcha Second Assembly
(2005 election)
[6]
(2) Arjun Munda A photograph of Arjun Munda 12 March 2005 – 19 September 2006
(1 year, 6 months and 7 days)
Bharatiya Janata Party [7]
4 Madhu Koda A photograph of Madhu Koda 19 September 2006 – 27 August 2008
(1 year, 11 months and 8 days)
Independent [8]
(3) Shibu Soren A photograph of Shibu Soren 27 August 2008 – 19 January 2009
(4 months and 23 days)
Jharkhand Mukti Morcha [9]
Vacant[d]
(President's rule)
State Emblem of India 19 January 2009 – 30 December 2009
(11 months and 11 days)
N/A [11]
(3) Shibu Soren A photograph of Shibu Soren 30 December 2009 – 1 June 2010
(5 months and 2 days)
Jharkhand Mukti Morcha Third Assembly
(2009 election)
[12]
Vacant[d]
(President's rule)
State Emblem of India 1 June 2010 – 11 September 2010
(3 months and 10 days)
N/A [13]
(2) Arjun Munda A photograph of Arjun Munda 11 September 2010 – 18 January 2013
(2 years, 4 months and 7 days)
Bharatiya Janata Party [14]
Vacant[d]
(President's rule)
State Emblem of India 18 January 2013 – 13 July 2013
(5 months and 25 days)
N/A [15]
5 Hemant Soren A photograph of Hemant Soren 13 July 2013 – 28 December 2014
(1 year, 5 months and 15 days)
Jharkhand Mukti Morcha [16]
6 Raghubar Das A photograph of Raghubar Das 28 December 2014 – 29 December 2019
(5 years and 1 day)
Bharatiya Janata Party Fourth Assembly
(2014 election)
[17]
(5) Hemant Soren A photograph of Hemant Soren 29 December 2019 – present
(20 days)
Jharkhand Mukti Morcha Fifth Assembly
(2019 election)
[18]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ A number in parentheses indicates that the incumbent has previously held office.
  2. ^ This column only names the chief minister's party. The state government he headed may have been a complex coalition of several parties and independents; these are not listed here.
  3. ^ The first Legislative Assembly of Jharkhand was constituted by the MLAs elected in the 2000 Bihar Legislative Assembly election, whose constituencies were in the newly formed Jharkhand.[2]
  4. ^ a b c President's rule may be imposed when the "government in a state is not able to function as per the Constitution", which often happens because no party or coalition has a majority in the assembly. When President's rule is in force in a state, its council of ministers stands dissolved. The office of chief minister thus lies vacant, and the administration is taken over by the governor, who functions on behalf of the central government. At times, the legislative assembly also stands dissolved.[10]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Basu, Durga Das (2011) [1st pub. 1960]. Introduction to the Constitution of India (20th ed.). LexisNexis Butterworths Wadhwa Nagpur. pp. 241–245. ISBN 978-81-8038-559-9. Note: although the text talks about Indian state governments in general, it applies for the specific case of Jharkhand as well.
  2. ^ a b Chaudhuri, Kalyan (1 September 2000). "Jharkhand, at last". Frontline. Archived from the original on 24 July 2019. Retrieved 4 August 2019.
  3. ^ Ramanujam, P.V. (14 September 2006). "Madhu Koda to be next Jharkhand CM". Rediff.com. Archived from the original on 3 March 2016. Retrieved 7 August 2019.
  4. ^ Chaudhuri, Kalyan (8 December 2000). "The day of Jharkhand". Frontline. Ranchi. Archived from the original on 2 August 2019. Retrieved 3 August 2019.
  5. ^ Chaudhuri, Kalyan (11 April 2003). "Manoeuvres in Jharkhand". Frontline. Ranchi. Archived from the original on 3 August 2019. Retrieved 4 August 2019.
  6. ^ Tripathi, Purnima S. (25 March 2005). "Stuck in controversy". Frontline. Ranchi. Archived from the original on 3 August 2019. Retrieved 3 August 2019.
  7. ^ Ramakrishnan, Venkitesh (25 March 2005). "Beyond Jharkhand". Frontline. Ranchi. Archived from the original on 3 August 2019. Retrieved 3 August 2019.
  8. ^ Ramakrishnan, Venkitesh (6 October 2006). "Over to Koda". Frontline. Ranchi. Archived from the original on 3 August 2019. Retrieved 3 August 2019.
  9. ^ Ramakrishnan, Venkitesh (16 September 2008). "Soren's turn". Frontline. Archived from the original on 3 August 2019. Retrieved 3 August 2019.
  10. ^ Diwanji, Amberish K. (15 March 2005). "A dummy's guide to President's rule". Rediff.com. Archived from the original on 19 May 2013. Retrieved 3 August 2019.
  11. ^ "President's Rule Imposed in Jharkhand". Outlook. 19 January 2009. Archived from the original on 3 August 2019. Retrieved 3 August 2019.
  12. ^ Ramakrishnan, Venkitesh (21 May 2010). "Soren's tumble". Frontline. Archived from the original on 3 August 2019. Retrieved 3 August 2019.
  13. ^ "President's rule imposed in Jharkhand". Hindustan Times. 1 June 2010. Retrieved 3 August 2019.
  14. ^ "Arjun Munda sworn in as Jharkhand CM along with two ministers". India Today. Ranchi. 11 September 2010. Archived from the original on 3 August 2019. Retrieved 3 August 2019.
  15. ^ "Jharkhand brought under President's rule". Times of India. 18 January 2013. Archived from the original on 9 September 2016. Retrieved 3 August 2019.
  16. ^ Yadav, Anumeha (13 July 2013). "Hemant Soren becomes ninth Chief Minister of Jharkhand". The Hindu. Archived from the original on 3 August 2019. Retrieved 3 August 2019.
  17. ^ Ramakrishnan, Venkitesh (23 January 2015). "A new chapter". Frontline. Archived from the original on 3 August 2019. Retrieved 3 August 2019.
  18. ^ "Jharkhand CM swearing-in Highlights: Hemant Soren takes oath as 11th Chief Minister of state". Financial Express. 29 December 2019. Archived from the original on 29 December 2019. Retrieved 29 December 2019.