List of chief ministers of Manipur
|Chief Minister of Manipur|
|Style||The Honourable (Formal)|
Mr. Chief Minister (Informal)
|Status||Head of Government|
|Member of||Manipur Legislative Assembly|
|Reports to||Governor of Manipur|
|Appointer||Governor of Manipur|
|Term length||At the confidence of the assembly|
Chief minister's term is for five years and is subject to no term limits.
|Inaugural holder||Mairembam Koireng Singh|
|Formation||1 July 1963|
|Deputy||Yumnam Joykumar Singh|
The Chief Minister of Manipur is the chief executive of the Indian state of Manipur. As per the Constitution of India, the governor is a state's de jure head, but de facto executive authority rests with the chief minister. Following elections to the Manipur Legislative Assembly, the state's governor usually invites the party (or coalition) with a majority of seats to form the government. The governor appoints the chief minister, whose council of ministers are collectively responsible to the assembly. Given that he has the confidence of the assembly, the chief minister's term is for five years and is subject to no term limits.
Since 1963, twelve people have served as Chief Minister of Manipur. Five of these belonged to the Indian National Congress, including the inaugural officeholder Mairembam Koireng Singh. The current incumbent Nongthombam Biren Singh is the first Chief Minister belonging to the Bharatiya Janata Party.
|No[a]||Name||Constituency||Term of office||Party[b]||Days in office|
|1||Mairembam Koireng Singh||1 July 1963||11 January 1967||Indian National Congress||3 years, 194 days|
|N/A||12 January 1967||19 March 1967||N/A||66 days|
|(1)||Mairembam Koireng Singh||Thanga||20 March 1967||4 October 1967||Indian National Congress||198 days|
|2||Longjam Thambou Singh||13 October 1967||24 October 1967||Manipur United Front||11 days|
|N/A||25 October 1967||18 February 1968||N/A||116 days|
|(1)||Mairembam Koireng Singh||Thanga||19 February 1968||16 October 1969||Indian National Congress||1 year, 239 days |
[Total 2097 Days]
|N/A||17 October 1969||22 March 1972||N/A||2 years, 157 days|
|3||Mohammed Alimuddin||Lilong||23 March 1972||27 March 1973||Manipur Peoples Party||1 year, 4 days|
|N/A||28 March 1973||3 March 1974||N/A||340 days|
|(3)||Mohammed Alimuddin||Lilong||4 March 1974||9 July 1974||Manipur Peoples Party||127 days|
|4||Yangmasho Shaiza||Ukhrul||10 July 1974||5 December 1974||Manipur Hills Union||148 days|
|5||Raj Kumar Dorendra Singh||Yaiskul||6 December 1974||15 May 1977||Indian National Congress||2 years, 160 days|
|N/A||16 May 1977||28 June 1977||N/A||43 days|
|(4)||Yangmasho Shaiza||Ukhrul||29 June 1977||13 November 1979||Janata Party||2 years, 137 days |
[Total 1018 Days]
|N/A||14 November 1979||13 January 1980||N/A||60 days|
|(5)||Raj Kumar Dorendra Singh||Yaiskul||14 January 1980||26 November 1980||Indian National Congress||317 days|
|6||Rishang Keishing||Phungyar||27 November 1980||27 February 1981||92 days|
|N/A||28 February 1981||18 June 1981||N/A||110 days|
|(6)||Rishang Keishing||Phungyar||19 June 1981||3 March 1988||Indian National Congress (I)||6 years, 258 days|
|7||Raj Kumar Jaichandra Singh||Sagolband||4 March 1988||22 February 1990||1 year, 355 days|
|8||Raj Kumar Ranbir Singh||Keishamthong||23 February 1990||6 January 1992||Manipur Peoples Party||1 year, 317 days|
|N/A||7 January 1992||7 April 1992||N/A||91 days|
|(5)||Raj Kumar Dorendra Singh||Yaiskul||8 April 1992||10 April 1993||Indian National Congress||1 year, 2 days |
[Total 1577 Days]
|N/A||31 December 1993||13 December 1994||N/A||347 days|
|(6)||Rishang Keishing||Phungyar||14 December 1994||15 December 1997||Indian National Congress||3 years, 1 day |
[Total 3491 Days]
|9||Wahengbam Nipamacha Singh||Wangoi||16 December 1997||14 February 2001||Manipur State Congress Party||3 years, 60 days|
|10||Radhabinod Koijam||Thangmeiband||15 February 2001||1 June 2001||Samata Party||106 days|
|N/A||2 June 2001||6 March 2002||N/A||277 days|
|11||Okram Ibobi Singh||Thoubal||7 March 2002||1 March 2007||Indian National Congress||15 years, 11 days|
|2 March 2007||5 March 2012|
|6 March 2012||14 March 2017 |
|12||Nongthombam Biren Singh||Heingang||15 March 2017 ||Incumbent||Bharatiya Janata Party||4 years, 35 days|
- A number inside brackets indicates that the incumbent has previously held office.
- This column only names the chief minister's party. The state government he headed may have been a complex coalition of several parties and independents; these are not listed here.
- President's rule may be imposed when the "government in a state is not able to function as per the Constitution", which often happens because no party or coalition has a majority in the assembly. When President's rule is in force in a state, its council of ministers stands dissolved. The office of chief minister thus lies vacant, and the administration is taken over by the governor, who functions on behalf of the central government. At times, the legislative assembly also stands dissolved.
- Durga Das Basu. Introduction to the Constitution of India. 1960. 20th Edition, 2011 Reprint. pp. 241, 245. LexisNexis Butterworths Wadhwa Nagpur. ISBN 978-81-8038-559-9. Note: although the text talks about Indian state governments in general, it applies for the specific case of Manipur as well.
- Amberish K. Diwanji. "A dummy's guide to President's rule". Rediff.com. 15 March 2005.