List of chief ministers of Punjab (India)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Chief Minister of Punjab
Seal of Punjab.svg
Seal of Punjab
Amarinder Singh.jpg
Captain Amarinder Singh

since 16 March 2017
StyleThe Honourable
StatusHead of Government
Member ofPunjab Legislative Assembly
SeatPunjab Civil Secretariat, Chandigarh
AppointerGovernor of Punjab
constitutionally; based on the appointee's ability to command confidence in the House
Inaugural holderSikandar Hayat Khan
(as Prime Minister)
Formation5 May 1937; 82 years ago (1937-05-05) (as Prime Minister)
DeputyDeputy Chief Minister of Punjab

The Chief Minister of Punjab, an Indian state, is the head of the Government of Punjab. As per the Constitution of India, the Governor of Punjab is the state's de jure head, but de facto executive authority rests with the chief minister. Following elections to the Punjab Legislative Assembly, the governor usually invites the party (or coalition) with a majority of seats to form the government. The governor appoints the chief minister, whose council of ministers are collectively responsible to the assembly. Given that he has the confidence of the assembly, the chief minister's term is for five years and is subject to no term limits.[1]


Punjab Province (1937-1947)[edit]

After passing of Government of India Act 1935, Punjab Assembly was established in 1937 when first time Punjab Provincial Assembly elections, 1937 were held and Unionist Party won the election and Sir Sikandar Hayat Khan became the Prime Minister of the Punjab and hold the position till his death in 1942 and he was succeeded by Malik Khizar Hayat Tiwana. In 1946 when Punjab Provincial Assembly elections, 1946 were held Unionist Party stood fourth place but with the support of Indian National Congress and Shiromani Akali Dal formed the government and second time Malik Khizar Hayat Tiwana became the Prime Minister of the Punjab but resigned on 2 March 1947 against decision of Partition of India.

PEPSU (1948-1956)[edit]

Map of PEPSU in red color

It was created by combining eight princely states, which maintained their native rulers :

Six Salute states 
  • Patiala, title Maharaja, Hereditary salute of 17-guns (19-guns local)
  • Jind, title Maharaja, Hereditary salute of 13-guns (15-guns personal and local)
  • Kapurthala, title Maharaja, Hereditary salute of 13-guns (15-guns personal and local)
  • Nabha, title Maharaja, Hereditary salute of 13-guns (15-guns local):
  • Faridkot, title Raja, Hereditary salutes of 11-guns
  • Malerkotla, title Nawab, Hereditary salute of 11-guns
and two Non-salute states

The state was inaugurated on 15 July 1948 and formally became a state of India in 1950. In 1956 PEPSU was merged with Punjab.

Punjab (1947-1966) (Punjab, Haryana and Himachal)[edit]

Map of East Punjab in red color from 1947-1966

Since 1947, Punjab has had fifteen chief ministers. The first was Gopi Chand Bhargava of the Indian National Congress party, who was sworn-in on 15 August 1947, when India gained independence from the British. He was succeeded by fellow Congressman Bhim Sen Sachar, who was then subsequently replaced after 188 days by former Chief Minister Gopi Chand Bhargava. After a brief term, President Rajendra Prasad placed the Punjab Legislative Assembly under suspension for ninth months to help the state government gets its act together. In 1952, the first state elections took place for the Legislative Assembly. The results of the election saw the return of the Congress government with former Chief Minister Bhim Sen Sachar as its leader. After he resigned in 1956, Partap Singh Kairon became chief minister. Serving until 1964, Khairon remain's one of Punjab's longest-serving chief ministers. He was followed by the returning Chief Minister Gopi Chand Bhargava, who briefly held office as acting chief minister for only 15 days. In July 1964, Ram Kishan assumed the office and served for two years. His tenure was followed by the President's rule which lasted for 119 days. During this time, the state of Haryana was separated from Punjab.

Punjab (Since 1966)[edit]

Map of present Punjab in red color

The first chief minister of the newly re-configured state was Giani Gurmukh Singh Musafir who led a Congress government from the Vidhan Parishad, one of only two to have done so. In the 1967 elections, he was voted out of power in favour of the Akali Das Sant Fateh Singh Group whose leader Gurnam Singh became the first non-Congress chief minister. Gurnam Singh's government was succeeded by three short-lived Akali Dal governments—Lachhman Singh Gill's government for less than a year and for a little more than a year under the returning Gurnam Singh and Parkash Singh Badal. After 272 days under President's rule, the Congress party returned to power under future President Zail Singh. In 1977, Parkash Singh Badal became the chief minister for the second time. Darbara Singh became chief minister in 1980 and remained in office for three years before a long period under President's rule. A brief interlude under Surjit Singh Barnala followed, after which three Congress-led governments took office—led by Beant Singh from 1992 to 1995, Harcharan Singh Brar from 1995 to 1996 and Rajinder Kaur Bhattal from 1996 to 1997. Upon taking office, Rajinder Kaur Bhattal became the first female chief minister of Punjab and overall the 8th female chief minister in India.

Parkash Singh Badal assumed office for the third time in 1997 and became the first chief minister, since Kairon's resignation in 1964, to serve a full term. Badal was succeeded by Congressman Amarinder Singh, who also successfully served a full term. The incumbent Chief Minister of Punjab is Captain Amarinder Singh who is heading an Indian National Congress government since 16 March 2017.


Chief Ministers of the Punjab[edit]

Prime Ministers of Punjab (1937-1947)[edit]

No Name
Birth - Death Image Took Office Left Office Term Party
(Coalition with)
Election (Assembly) Appointed by
1 Sikandar Hayat Khan
(west punjab, landlord)
5 June 1892 - 26 December 1942 Sir Sikandar Hayat Khan.png 5 April 1937 26 December 1942
5 years, 265 days Unionist Party 1937 (1) Herbert William Emerson
2 Malik Khizar Hayat Tiwana
7 August 1900 - 20 January 1972 Malik Khizar Hayat Khan Tiwana.png 30 December 1942 5 February 1946 3 years, 37 days - (1) Bertrand Glancy
(i) Governor Rule (Bertrand Glancy) 5 February 1946 21 March 1946 44 days - - Viscount Wavell
(2) Malik Khizar Hayat Tiwana
7 August 1900 - 20 January 1972 75x 21 March 1946 2 March 1947
346 days Unionist Party
(INC and SAD)
1946 (2) Bertrand Glancy
(ii) Governor Rule (Evan Meredith Jenkins) 2 March 1947 15 August 1947
166 days - - Earl Mountbatten

Chief Ministers of PEPSU (1948-1956)[edit]

No Name Portrait Took Office Left Office Term Party
(coalition with)
Election (Assembly) Appointed by
1 Gian Singh Rarewala Gian Singh Rarewala.png 15 July 1948 13 January 1949 2 years, 312 days IND
Caretaker Government Yadavindra Singh
13 January 1949 23 May 1951
Not yet created


Raghbir Singh 23 May 1951 21 April 1952
334 days Indian National Congress


Gian Singh Rarewala Gian Singh Rarewala.png 22 April 1952
5 March 1953
317 days IND
1952 (1)
(i) Vacant[a]
(President's rule)
5 March 1953 8 March 1954 1 year, 3 days - - Rajendra Prasad


Raghbir Singh 8 March 1954
12 January 1955
310 days Indian National Congress 1954 (2) Yadavindra Singh


Brish Bhan Brish Bhan.png 12 January 1955 1 November 1956
1 year, 294 days

Chief Minister of Punjab (1947-1966) (Punjab, Haryana and Himachal)[edit]

(birth–death); constituency
Portrait Party
(coalition with)
Term of office[3] Elections
(Vidhan Sabha)
Appointed by(Governor)
1 Gopi Chand Bhargava
MLA for University
Gopi Chand Bhargava.png Indian National Congress 15 August 1947 13 April 1949
1 year, 241 days - (Interim Assembly) Chandulal Madhavlal Trivedi
2 Bhim Sen Sachar
MLA for Lahore City
Bhim Sen Sachar.png 13 April 1949 18 October 1949
188 days
(1) Gopi Chand Bhargava
MLA for University
Gopi Chand Bhargava.png 18 October 1949
20 June 1951
1 year, 245 days
(i) Vacant[a]
(President's rule)
None 20 June 1951 17 April 1952 302 days Rajendra Prasad
(2) Bhim Sen Sachar
MLA for Ludhiana City South
Bhim Sen Sachar.png Indian National Congress 17 April 1952
23 January 1956
3 years, 281 days 1952 (1st) Chandulal Madhavlal Trivedi
3 Partap Singh Kairon
MLA for Sujanpur
Partap Singh Kairon ex-CM.png 23 January 1956 9 April 1957 8 years, 150 days Chandeshwar Prasad Narayan Singh
9 April 1957 11 March 1962 1957 (2nd)
11 March 1962 21 June 1964
1962 (3rd) Narhar Vishnu Gadgil
(1) Gopi Chand Bhargava
MLC in Vidhan Parishad
Gopi Chand Bhargava.png 21 June 1964
6 July 1964
15 days Hafiz Mohamad Ibrahim
4 Ram Kishan
MLA for Jullundur City North East
Ram Kishan.png 7 July 1964 5 July 1966 1 year, 363 days
(ii) Vacant[a]
(President's rule)
None 5 July 1966 1 November 1966 119 days Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan

Chief Minister of Punjab (Since 1966)[edit]

(birth–death); constituency
Portrait Party
(coalition with)
Term of office[3] Elections
(Vidhan Sabha)
Appointed by (Governor)
5 Giani Gurmukh Singh Musafir
MLC in Vidhan Parishad
Giani Gurmukh Singh Musafir.png Indian National Congress 1 November 1956 8 March 1967 127 days — (3rd) Dharma Vira
6 Gurnam Singh
MLA for Qila Raipur
Gurnam Singh ex-CM Punjab India.jpg Akali Dal - Sant Fateh Singh
(BJS and CPI)
8 March 1967 25 November 1967
262 days 1967 (4th)
7 Lachhman Singh Gill
MLA for Dharamkot
Lachhman Singh Gill.png Punjab Janta Party
25 November 1967 23 August 1968 272 days D. C. Pavate
(iii) Vacant[a]
(President's rule)
None 23 August 1968 17 February 1969 178 days Zakir Hussain
(6) Gurnam Singh
MLA for Qila Raipur
Gurnam Singh ex-CM Punjab India.jpg Shiromani Akali Dal
17 February 1969
27 March 1970
1 year, 38 days 1969 (5th) D. C. Pavate
8 Parkash Singh Badal
(born 1927)
MLA for Giddarbaha
Prakash Singh Badal.png 27 March 1970 14 June 1971 1 year, 79 days
(iv) Vacant[a]
(President's rule)
None 14 June 1971 17 March 1972 277 days Varahagiri Venkata Giri
9 Zail Singh
MLA for Anandpur Sahib
Giani Zail Singh 1995 stamp of India (cropped).png Indian National Congress 17 March 1972 30 April 1977 5 years, 44 days 1972 (6th) D. C. Pavate
(v) Vacant[a]
(President's rule)
None 30 April 1977 20 June 1977 51 days B. D. Jatti
(8) Parkash Singh Badal
(born 1927)
MLA for Giddarbaha
Prakash Singh Badal.png Shiromani Akali Dal
20 June 1977
17 February 1980 2 years, 242 days 1977 (7th) Mahendra Mohan Choudhry
(vi) Vacant[a]
(President's rule)
None 17 February 1980 6 June 1980 110 days Neelam Sanjiva Reddy
10 Darbara Singh
MLA for Nakodar
Darbara Singh ex-cm.png Indian National Congress (Indira) 6 June 1980 6 October 1983 3 years, 122 days 1980 (8th) Jaisukh lal Hathi
(vii) Vacant[a]
(President's rule)
None 6 October 1983 29 September 1985 1 year, 358 days Zail Singh
11 Surjit Singh Barnala
MLA for Barnala
Surjith singh barnala (cropped).JPG Shiromani Akali Dal 29 September 1985 11 June 1987 1 year, 255 days 1985 (9th) Arjun Singh
(viii) Vacant[a]
(President's rule)
None 11 June 1987 25 February 1992 4 years, 259 days Zail Singh
12 Beant Singh
MLA for Jalandhar Cantonment
Beant Singh.png Indian National Congress (Indira) 25 February 1992 31 August 1995
3 years, 187 days 1992 (10th) Surendra Nath
13 Harcharan Singh Brar
MLA for Muktsar
Harcharan Singh Brar ex CM.png 31 August 1995 21 November 1996
1 year, 82 days B. K. N. Chhibber
14 Rajinder Kaur Bhattal
(born 1945)
MLA for Lehra
Rajinder Kaur Bhattal.jpg 21 November 1996 11 February 1997 82 days
(8) Parkash Singh Badal
(born 1927)
MLA for Lambi
Prakash Singh Badal.png Shiromani Akali Dal
12 February 1997
26 February 2002 5 years, 14 days 1997 (11th)
15 Amarinder Singh
(born 1942)
MLA for Patiala Town
Amarinder Singh.jpg Indian National Congress 26 February 2002 1 March 2007 5 years, 3 days 2002 (12th) J. F. R. Jacob
(8) Parkash Singh Badal
(born 1927)
MLA for Lambi
Prakash Singh Badal.png Shiromani Akali Dal
1 March 2007
14 March 2012 10 years, 15 days 2007 (13th) S. F. Rodrigues
14 March 2012 16 March 2017 2012 (14th) Shivraj Patil
(15) Amarinder Singh
(born 1942)
MLA for Patiala Town
Amarinder Singh.jpg Indian National Congress 16 March 2017
Incumbent 2 years, 126 days 2017 (15th) V. P. Singh Badnore

Living Former Chief Ministers[edit]

Name Birth
Parkash Singh Badal 8 December 1927
(91 years, 224 days)
1970-1971, 1977-1980, 1997-2002, 2007-2012
Rajinder Kaur Bhattal 30 December 1945
(73 years, 202 days)

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i President's rule may be imposed when the "government in a state is not able to function as per the Constitution", which often happens because no party or coalition has a majority in the assembly. When President's rule is in force in a state, its council of ministers stands dissolved. The office of chief minister thus lies vacant, and the administration is taken over by the governor, who functions on behalf of the central government. At times, the legislative assembly also stands dissolved.[2]
  1. ^ Durga Das Basu. Introduction to the Constitution of India. 1960. 20th Edition, 2011 Reprint. pp. 241, 245. LexisNexis Butterworths Wadhwa Nagpur. ISBN 978-81-8038-559-9. Note: although the text talks about Indian state governments in general, it applies for the specific case of Punjab as well.
  2. ^ Amberish K. Diwanji. "A dummy's guide to President's rule". 15 March 2005.
  3. ^ a b page v of Punjab Vidhan Sabha Compendium. Punjab Legislative Assembly. Retrieved on 25 September 2018.

External links[edit]