List of church restorations and alterations by Thomas Rickman

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Thomas Rickman (1776–1841) was a self-taught English architect who practised in Liverpool and Birmingham. His major output consisted of new churches, most of which were in Gothic Revival style. He also restored and made additions and alterations to churches, and worked on other designs, including country houses, public buildings, schools, and banks.[1]

Rickman was born in Maidenhead, Berkshire. He trained in medicine and practised in Lewes, Sussex, from 1801 to 1803, but did not continue in this career, working in London with a corn factor, and then moving to Liverpool in 1808 to work as an insurance clerk. During this time he had begun to take an interest in Gothic architecture. While in Liverpool he met John Cragg, the owner of an iron foundry, and with him designed three churches. using cast iron for both their construction and decoration. He then worked with John Slater in the redesign of Scarisbrick Hall. In 1817 he opened an architectural office in Liverpool, and the following year he was joined by Henry Hutchinson, initially as a pupil, and from 1821 as a partner. Meanwhile, in 1817 he published the first edition of An Attempt to Discriminate the Styles of English Architecture.[1] In this he divided English architecture into styles that have continued to be accepted since, namely Norman, Early English, Decorated, and Perpendicular.[2]

Rickman then became involved with the Church Commissioners, designing, with others, a series of churches that have become to be known as Commissioners' churches, the first of his being St George's Church in Birmingham. He opened an office in that city in 1820, and moved there with Hutchinson the following year, where he spent the rest of his career. At about this time he was appointed as architect to Worcester Cathedral, and shortly after this he started work with Hutchinson on what was to become his major commission, New Court at St John's College, Cambridge. In 1830 he was elected to the Society of Antiquaries of London, thus acknowledging his acceptance into the profession. Hutchinson died in 1831, and during that year R. C. Hussey joined the practice, becoming a partner in 1835. Rickman died from liver disease in 1841.[1]

This list contains details of restorations of churches, and of additions and alterations to churches, by Thomas Rickman.

Key[edit]

Grade Criteria[3]
Grade I Buildings of exceptional interest, sometimes considered to be internationally important.
Grade II* Particularly important buildings of more than special interest.
Grade II Buildings of national importance and special interest.
"—" denotes a work that is not graded.
Name Location Photograph Date Notes Grade
St Mary's Church Barnsley, South Yorkshire
53°33′19″N 1°28′58″W / 53.5554°N 1.4829°W / 53.5554; -1.4829 (St Mary's Church, Barnsley)
St Mary's Church, Barnsley - geograph.org.uk - 1492811.jpg
1822 Rickman added the body of the church to a tower dating from about 1400.[4] II*
St Mary's Church Moseley, Birmingham, West Midlands
52°26′47″N 1°53′12″W / 52.4464°N 1.8867°W / 52.4464; -1.8867 (St Mary's Church, Moseley)
Moseley St Marys church.jpg 1823–24 Alterations.[5] II
St James' Church Hartlebury, Worcestershire
52°20′09″N 2°14′07″W / 52.3359°N 2.2352°W / 52.3359; -2.2352 (St Mary's Church, Moseley)
1825 Rickman added the body of the church to a tower of 1587.[6] II*
St Leonard's Church Bridgnorth, Shropshire
52°32′14″N 2°25′07″W / 52.5371°N 2.4187°W / 52.5371; -2.4187 (St Leonard's Church, Bridgnorth)
Church tower of St Leonard's - geograph.org.uk - 1453056.jpg
1826 Rickman repaired the chancel. The church is now redundant and in the care of the Churches Conservation Trust.[7][8][9] II*
St Mary's Church Handsworth, Birmingham, West Midlands
52°30′39″N 1°55′09″W / 52.5107°N 1.9193°W / 52.5107; -1.9193 (St Mary's Church, Handsworth)
1826 Added the southeast chapel as a mausoleum.[10] II*
St Michael and All Angels' Church Great Tew, Oxfordshire
51°57′25″N 1°25′14″W / 51.9569°N 1.4205°W / 51.9569; -1.4205 (St Michael and All Angels' Church, Great Tew)
GreatTew StMichael south.JPG 1827 Restored.[11] I
St John the Baptist's Church Hagley, Worcestershire
52°25′29″N 2°07′05″W / 52.4248°N 2.1180°W / 52.4248; -2.1180 (St John the Baptist's Church, Hagley)
St John the Baptist Church, Hagley Worcestershire - geograph.org.uk - 1291066.jpg 1828 Added the north aisle and arcade to a church dating from the 13th century.[12] II*
St Mary Magdalene's Church Clitheroe, Lancashire
53°52′27″N 2°23′26″W / 53.8742°N 2.3905°W / 53.8742; -2.3905 (St Mary Magdalene's Church, Clitheroe)
St Mary Magdalene's Church, Clitheroe.jpeg
1828–29 Other than the tower and the east window,the rest of the church is by Rickman with Hutchinson; they also added a stage to the tower and the spire in 1844.[13][14] II*
St Mary's Church Saffron Walden, Essex
52°01′29″N 0°14′21″E / 52.0248°N 0.2393°E / 52.0248; 0.2393 (St Mary's Church, Saffron Walden)
St Marys Church, Saffron Walden.jpg
1831 With Henry Hutchinson, rebuilt the upper stage of the tower and added the spire.[15][16] I
St Mary's Church Henbury, Bristol
51°30′23″N 2°37′51″W / 51.5063°N 2.6307°W / 51.5063; -2.6307 (St Mary's Church, Henbury)
Henburychurch.jpg 1836 Church restored and north chapel added.[17] II*
St Martin's Church Horsley, Gloucestershire
51°40′51″N 2°14′09″W / 51.6807°N 2.2357°W / 51.6807; -2.2357 (St Martin's Church, Horsley)
Horsley Church - geograph.org.uk - 192476.jpg 1838–39 Rickman rebuilt the body of the church, retaining the 15th-century tower.[18] II*
Church of the Holy Cross Goodnestone, Kent
51°14′45″N 1°13′45″E / 51.2458°N 1.2293°E / 51.2458; 1.2293 (Church of the Holy Cross, Goodnestone)
Holy Cross church, Goodnestone - geograph.org.uk - 667647.jpg 1839–41 With R. C. Hussey rebuilt the nave, south porch, and chancel.[19] I

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Aldrich, Megan (2009) [2004], "Rickman, Thomas (1776–1841)", Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, retrieved 9 April 2012  ((subscription or UK public library membership required))
  2. ^ Rickman 1835, p. 39.
  3. ^ Listed Buildings, Historic England, retrieved 27 March 2015 
  4. ^ Historic England, "Church of St Mary, Barnsley (1315008)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 7 April 2012 
  5. ^ Historic England, "Church of St Mary, Moseley (1076209)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 6 April 2012 
  6. ^ Historic England, "Church of St James, Hartlebury (1288150)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 7 April 2012 
  7. ^ Historic England, "Church of St Leonard, Bridgnorth (1178124)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 7 April 2012 
  8. ^ Newman & Pevsner 2006, pp. 160–162.
  9. ^ St Leonard's Church, Bridgnorth, Shropshire, Churches Conservation Trust, retrieved 7 April 2012 
  10. ^ Historic England, "Church of St Mary, Handsworth (1076358)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 6 April 2012 
  11. ^ Historic England, "Church of St Michael and All Angels, Great Tew (1193136)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 7 April 2012 
  12. ^ Historic England, "Church of St John the Baptist, Hagley (1100106)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 6 April 2012 
  13. ^ Historic England, "Church of St Mary Magdalene, Clitheroe (1362179)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 8 April 2012 
  14. ^ Hartwell & Pevsner 2009, p. 240.
  15. ^ Historic England, "Church of St Mary the Virgin, Saffron Walden (1196237)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 7 April 2012 
  16. ^ History and Guide, Saint Mary's Church, Saffron Walden, retrieved 7 April 2012 
  17. ^ Historic England. "Church of St Mary the Virgin, Henbury (1205113)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 7 April 2012. 
  18. ^ Historic England, "Church of St Martin, Horsley (1305420)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 7 April 2012 
  19. ^ Historic England, "Church of the Holy Cross, Goodnestone (1070258)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 6 April 2012 
Bibliography