List of churches in the City of London
This is a list of cathedrals, churches and chapels in the City of London. The list focuses on the more permanent churches and buildings which identify themselves as places of Christian worship. The denominations appended are those by which they self-identify.
Wren and Anglican churches
Before the Great Fire of London in 1666, the City of London had around 100 churches in an area of only one square mile (2.6 km2). Of the 86 destroyed by the Fire, 51 were rebuilt along with St Paul's Cathedral. The majority have traditionally been regarded as the work of Sir Christopher Wren, but although their rebuilding was entrusted primarily to him, the role of his various associates, including Robert Hooke and Nicholas Hawksmoor especially, is currently being reassessed and given greater emphasis.
With regard to Anglican churches, as opposed to Catholic churches, nonconformist chapels or meeting houses, the designs of the Wren office provided a new standard for British church architecture ever since, as well as giving a distinctive face to the Anglican church in London. Wren also designed a number of Anglican churches outside the City, including St James's, Piccadilly and St Clement Danes. After the Wren era, Hawksmoor was responsible for six of the great Anglican churches in the East End of London (for example Christ Church, Spitalfields), and other architects such as Hooke, James Gibbs and John James contributed significantly to Anglican church architecture in London.
London's churches and chapels are extraordinarily numerous and diverse. Anglican and nonconformist churches and chapels are most numerous, but there are also many Catholic churches as well as places of worship for non-Christian religions.
Most of the Anglican churches lie within the Anglican dioceses of London to the north and Southwark to the south. For historical reasons, the Anglican churches in London north of the Thames but east of the River Lea fall within the Diocese of Chelmsford, and those in the London Boroughs of Bexley and Bromley fall within the Diocese of Rochester. A few Anglican churches in the Barnet area fall into the Diocese of St Albans, reflecting the historical association of Barnet with Hertfordshire. The Catholic dioceses that cover Greater London are, north of the Thames and west of the Lea, the Diocese of Westminster; south of the Thames the Archdiocese of Southwark; and north of the Thames and east of the Lea, the Diocese of Brentwood. There are still some two thousand Anglican churches alone, across the capital and if nonconformist and other denominations are included, they cover every age and style, in the design and evolution of which at least six hundred different architects have made contributions. As London expanded during the early 19th century, many new churches and chapels were built independently by the growing nonconformist urban population; to match the growth in nonconformist churches and chapels, the Anglican "Waterloo church" building programme saw numerous Anglican churches constructed across south London in the first half of the century.
Although many churches and chapels were entirely or partly lost to 19th-century demolitions and to bombing in the Second World War, many historic, architecturally significant and religiously significant buildings remain, particularly in the City of London and the neighbouring City of Westminster. A number of the churches are mentioned in the nursery rhyme Oranges and Lemons. Churches in this list belong to various denominations, as indicated.
List of churches
The City of London is not a London borough but, while being a ceremonial county in its own right, is within Greater London. In 1666 there were 96 parishes within the bounds of the City. Today the following continue Christian witness in one form or another in the heart of London. A map can be found here: The area has 46 churches for just 9,400 inhabitants; the ratio of one church to every 204 people is the highest in England, but the statistic disguises the fact that the vast majority of attendees at City churches live outside the area.
Medieval parish churches in the City
This map shows the medieval churches in the City of London.
Churches holding regular service
|All Hallows-by-the-Tower||Tower Hill||All Saints||||675||Anglican||Rebuilt C15th but contains C7th arched doorway|
|All Hallows-on-the-Wall||London Wall||All Saints||C12th||Rebuilt 1767. Guild church|
|St Andrew-by-the-Wardrobe||Blackfriars||Andrew||||C12th||Rebuilt 1695, 1961 (after Blitz)|
|St Andrew, Holborn||Holborn||Andrew||||C10th||Rebuilt C15th, c. 1680, 1961 (after Blitz). Weekday services serving workers|
|St Bartholomew-the-Great||West Smithfield||Bartholomew||||C12th||founded as an Augustinian Priory. Rebuilt C19th. United with St Bart-the-Less|
|St Bartholomew-the-Less||St Bart's Hospital||Bartholomew||C12th||Parish church C16th. Chapel of ease to St Bart-the-Great since 2015|
|St Benet, Paul's Wharf||Queenhithe||Benedict of Nursia||||C12th||Rebuilt 1683. Granted to Welsh-speaking Anglicans 1879|
|St Botolph, Aldgate||Aldgate||Botwulf of Thorney||||C11th||Rebuilt C16th, 1741–1744. Restored 1966 (after Blitz)|
|St Botolph-without-Bishopsgate||Bishopsgate||Botwulf of Thorney||||C13th||Rebuilt 1724–1729. Weekday services serving workers|
|St Bride, Fleet Street||Fleet Street||Brigid of Kildare||||C7th–10th?||Rebuilt C15th, 1675, 1957 (after Blitz)|
|St Dunstan-in-the-West||Farringdon W'out||Dunstan||||C11th||Rebuilt 1831–1833. Also used by Rom. Orthodox. Tuesday services|
|St Giles-without-Cripplegate||Barbican||Giles||||C11th||Rebuilt 1394|
|St Helen, Bishopsgate||Bishopsgate||Helena||||C12th||Initially part of a Benedictine nunnery. Conservative evangelical|
|St James Garlickhythe||Vintry Ward||James||||C12th||Rebuilt 1676–1683. Bishop of Fulham|
|St Katharine Cree||Aldgate||Catherine||||1280||Rebuilt 1628–1630. United with St Olave Hart Street|
|St Lawrence Jewry||Guildhall||Lawrence||||C12th||Rebuilt 1670–1687. Guild church|
|St Magnus-the-Martyr||London Bridge||Magnus Erlendsson||||C11th||Rebuilt 1671–1687. Bishop of Fulham|
|St Margaret Lothbury||Bank||Margaret the Virgin||||C12th||Rebuilt 1686–1690. United with St Mary Woolnoth|
|St Margaret Pattens||Monument||Margaret the Virgin||||C11th||Rebuilt 1687. Guild church|
|St Martin within Ludgate||Ludgate Hill||Martin of Tours||||C12th||Rebuilt 1677–1684. Guild church; Thursday lunchtime services|
|St Mary Abchurch||Cannon Street||Mary||C12th||Rebuilt 1681–1686. Guild church|
|St Mary Aldermary||Mansion House||Mary||||C11th||Rebuilt 1681. Guild church; may not hold regular services|
|St Mary-at-Hill||Billingsgate||Mary||||C12th||Rebuilt 1676|
|St Mary-le-Bow||Cheapside||Mary||||C11th||Rebuilt 1671–1673. Weekday services|
|St Mary Woolnoth||Bank||Mary||||C12th||Rebuilt 1716–1727. United with St Margaret Lothbury|
|St Michael, Cornhilll||Cornhill||Michael||||C12th||Rebuilt 1672|
|St Nicholas Cole Abbey||Mansion House||Nicholas||||C12th||Rebuilt 1672–1678. Damaged 1941, restored 1962. Services restarted 2016|
|St Olave Hart Street||Tower Ward||Olaf II of Norway||||C13th||Rebuilt c. 1450. Restored 1954. United with St Katharine Cree|
|St Paul's Cathedral||St Paul's||Paul||||C7th||Rebuilt 962, 1087–1240 (Old St Paul's), 1669–1697|
|St Sepulchre-without-Newgate||Holborn||Holy Sepulchre||||Saxon||National Musicians' Church. Rebuilt C15th, 1670. Recent HTB church plant|
|St Stephen Walbrook||Mansion House||Stephen||||Medieval||Moved to current site 1439, rebuilt 1672–1679. Thursday services|
|St Vedast-alias-Foster||St Paul's||Vedast||||C13th||Restored 1695–1701, 1962|
|Temple Church||Inner Temple||||C12th||Originally Templar; owned by Inner Temple and Middle Temple. Round church|
|St Mary Moorfields||Moorfields||Mary||||1820||Roman Catholic||Pro-cathedral of London 1820–1869. Rebuilt 1903|
|St Botolph's Orthodox Church||Bishopsgate||Botwulf of Thorney||||Antioch Orthodox||Meets in St Botolph-without-Bishopsgate|
|London Romanian Orthodox Ch.||Fleet Street||George||||1833||Romanian Orthodox||Meets in St Dunstan-in-the-West|
|St Thomas J. S. O. Church||Mansion House||Thomas||||1989||Jacobite Syr Orth||Meets in St Mary Aldermary|
|St Gregorios||Blackfriars||Indian Orthodox||Meets in St Andrew-by-the-Wardrobe|
|St Anne's Lutheran Church||Billingsgate||Anne||||?||Lutheran Church||Meets in St Mary-at-Hill|
|London City Presbyt. Church||Aldersgate||||1949||Free Church of Scotland||Meets in St Botolph without Aldersgate (see below)|
|Jewin Welsh Presbyterian Chapel||Barbican||||1774||Welsh Presbyterian||New buildings 1785, 1823, 1879. Rebuilt 1960|
|City Temple||Holborn Viaduct||||1640||URC||First building on present site 1874. Rebuilt 1958 (after Blitz)|
|Dutch Church, Austin Friars||Broad Street||||1550||Protestant Church in the Netherlands||Building C13th Augustinian priory. Stranger church. Rebuilt 1950–1954 (after Blitz)|
|London Intl Church of Christ||Westminster||||Intl Church of Christ||Central congregation meets in City Temple, Holborn Viaduct|
|City Gates Church||London Wall||||1985||Independent||Was in Ichthus. Meets in All Hallows-on-the-Wall (see below)|
|Christ Church London||Blackfriars||Jesus||||Independent||Meets in the Mermaid Theatre|
Churches demolished or no longer holding regular service
|St Augustine Papey||Augustine of Canterbury||Medieval||1442|
|Hospital of St Thomas of Acre||Thomas Becket||1227||1538||HQ of Knights of Saint Thomas|
|St Audoen within Newgate||Audoin||Medieval||1547||Church of England||Demolished 1583|
|St Nicholas Shambles||Nicholas||C12th||1547||Anglican||Demolished|
|Chapel of St Thomas on the Bridge||Thomas Becket||c. 1200||1548||On London Bridge. Rebuilt 1212, 1384–1397. Demolished|
|St Mary Axe||Mary||C12th||1562||Demolished 1565|
|All Hallows Honey Lane||All Saints||C12th||1666|
|Holy Trinity the Less||Trinity||C13th||1666||Rebuilt 1606|
|St Andrew Hubbard||Andrew||Medieval||1666|
|St Ann Blackfriars||Anne||1550||1666||Rebuilt 1597. Built on site of old Dominican monastery|
|SS Benet & Osyth, Sherehog||Benedict & Osgyth||C11th||1666|
|St Botolph Billingsgate||Botwulf of Thorney||Medieval||1666|
|St Faith under St Paul's||Faith||Medieval||1666||Building demolished 1256; worshippers used west crypt under St Paul’s Quire|
|St Gabriel Fenchurch||Gabriel||C12th||1666|
|St Gregory by St Paul's||Pope Gregory I||C10th||1666|
|St John the Baptist upon Walbrook||John the Baptist||Medieval||1666|
|St John the Evangelist Friday Street||John the Evangelist||Medieval||1666|
|St John Zachary||John the Baptist||Medieval||1666|
|St Laurence Pountney||Lawrence||C13th||1666|
|St Leonard, Eastcheap||Leonard of Noblac||C11th||1666||Rebuilt 1618|
|St Leonard, Foster Lane||Leonard of Noblac||C13th||1666|
|St Margaret Moses||Margaret the Virgin||Medieval||1666|
|St Margaret, New Fish Street||Margaret the Virgin||C10th||1666|
|St Martin Orgar||Martin of Tours||Medieval||1666||Remains used by French Protestants until 1820. Tower survives (though rebuilt) as part of St Clement's|
|St Martin Pomary||Martin of Tours||Medieval||1666|
|St Martin Vintry||Martin of Tours||Medieval||1666||Rebuilt 1306|
|St Mary Bothaw||Mary||C10th||1666|
|St Mary Colechurch||Mary||Medieval||1666|
|St Mary Mounthaw||Mary||Medieval||1666|
|St Mary Staining||Mary||Medieval||1666|
|St Mary Woolchurch Haw||Mary||C11th||1666|
|St Mary Magdalen, Milk Street||Mary Magdalene||C12th||1666|
|St Nicholas Acons||Nicholas||C11th||1666|
|St Nicholas Olave||Nicholas||Medieval||1666|
|St Olave Silver Street||Olaf II of Norway||C12th||1666||Rebuilt 1609|
|St Pancras, Soper Lane||Pancras of Rome||Medieval||1666|
|St Peter, Paul's Wharf||Peter||C12th||1666|
|St Peter, Westcheap||Peter||C12th||1666|
|St Thomas the Apostle, London||Thomas||C12th||1666|
|St Christopher le Stocks||Christopher||C13th||1781||Rebuilt 1672. Demolished|
|St Michael, Crooked Lane||Michael||C13th||1831||Rebuilt 1336, 1687. Demolished|
|St Bartholomew-by-the-Exchange||Bartholomew||C13th||1840||Rebuilt 1675–1683. Demolished|
|St Benet Fink||Benedict of Nursia||C10th||1841||Rebuilt 1670–1675. Demolished 1842–1846|
|St Mary Somerset||Mary||C12th||1867||Rebuilt 1686–1694. Demolished 1871; tower remains|
|St Benet Gracechurch||Benedict of Nursia||C11th||1868||Rebuilt 1681–1687. Demolished|
|All Hallows Staining||All Saints||C12th||1870||Rebuilt 1674. Demolished 1870 apart from tower|
|St Mildred, Poultry||Mildrith||C12th||1871||Rebuilt 1456, 1676. Demolished 1872|
|St James Duke's Place||James||1622||1874||Rebuilt 1727. Demolished|
|St Martin Outwich||Martin of Tours||C14th||1874||Rebuilt 1796–1798. Demolished|
|St Antholin, Budge Row||Anthony the Great||C12th||1875||Rebuilt 1513, 1678–1684. Demolished|
|St Michael Queenhithe||Michael||C12th||1875||Rebuilt 1676–1686. Demolished 1876|
|All Hallows, Bread Street||All Saints||C13th||1878||Rebuilt 1681–1684. Demolished|
|St Dionis Backchurch||Dionysus the Areopagite||C13th||1878||Rebuilt 1674. Demolished|
|St Matthew Friday Street||Matthew||C13th||1885||Rebuilt 1682–1685. Demolished|
|St Mary Magdalen Old Fish Street||Mary Magdalene||C12th||1886||Rebuilt 1683–1687. Demolished 1893|
|St Olave Old Jewry||Olaf II of Norway||C9th-C11th||1887||Rebuilt 1671–1679. Demolished 1887; tower remains|
|St George Botolph Lane||George||C12th||1890||Rebuilt 1671–1676. Demolished 1904|
|St Michael Bassishaw||Michael||C12th||1892||Rebuilt 1675–1679. Demolished 1900|
|All-Hallows-the-Great||All Saints||C12th||1894||Rebuilt 1677–1684. Demolished|
|St Michael Wood Street||Michael||C13th||1897||Rebuilt 1673. Demolished|
|Holy Trinity Gough Square||Trinity||1837||1906||Demolished|
|St Peter le Poer||Peter||C12th||1907||Rebuilt 1792. Demolished|
|St Alphage London Wall||Ælfheah of Canterbury||C12th||1918||Moved buildings C16th. Rebuilt 1774–1777. Mostly demolished 1923, now ruins only|
|St Katherine Coleman||Catherine of Alexandria||Medieval||1926||Rebuilt 1741. Demolished|
|All Hallows Lombard Street||All Saints||C11th||1937||Rebuilt 1694. Demolished|
|St Mary Aldermanbury||Mary||C12th||1940||Damaged in Blitz. Stones rebuilt in Westminster College, Missouri 1966|
|Christ Church Greyfriars||Jesus||C13th||1940||Rebuilt 1306–1326. Was part of Franciscan monastery. Rebuilt 1687. Destroyed, apart from tower, 1940|
|St Alban, Wood Street||Alban||C10th||1940||Rebuilt 1634, 1685. Partially destroyed in Blitz; tower remains|
|St Stephen Coleman Street||Stephen||C13th||1940||Rebuilt 1677, destroyed by bombing 1940|
|St Swithin, London Stone||Swithun||C13th||1940||Rebuilt 1420, 1678, damaged by bombing 1940 and demolished 1962|
|St Augustine Watling Street||Augustine of Canterbury||C12th||1941||Rebuilt 1683, destroyed in Blitz|
|St Dunstan-in-the-East||Dunstan||C11th||1941||Rebuilt 1817–1821. Damaged in Blitz; walls and tower remain|
|St Michael Paternoster Royal||Michael||C13th||1941||Rebuilt 1685–1694, 1966–1968 (after Blitz). Now HQ of Mission to Seafarers. Guild church|
|St Mildred, Bread Street||Mildrith||C13th||1941||Rebuilt 1677–1683, destroyed by bombing 1941|
|St Andrew Undershaft||Andrew||C12th||?||Rebuilt C14th, 1532. Now part of St Helen's Bishopsgate benefice|
|St Anne and St Agnes||Anne & Agnes||C12th||?||Rebuilt 1548, 1680, 1966. Used by Lutheran Church 1966–2013. Now the Gresham Centre|
|St Botolph, Aldersgate||Botwulf||C13th||?||Founded as Cluniac Priory. Rebuilt 1788–1791. Holds weekday Bible talks, run by St Helen's|
|St Edmund, King and Martyr||Edmund the Martyr||C13th||?||Rebuilt 1670–1679. Disused, once base for London Centre for Spirituality, now a hospitality centre|
|St Ethelburga, Bishopsgate||Æthelburh of Barking||C13th||?||Rebuilt 1411, 1993 (following bombing). Now Centre for Reconciliation and Peace|
|St Peter upon Cornhill||Peter||Ancient||?||Now part of St Helen's and used for Bible studies and youth clubs|
|St Clement, Eastcheap||Pope Clement I||C11th||2012||Rebuilt 1680s. Incorporates old tower of St Martin Orgar. Recently gutted to be turned into office space|
- List of churches in London
- List of Christopher Wren churches in London
- List of places of worship in London, 1804
- Union of Benefices Act 1860
- Commission for Building Fifty New Churches
- Anglican Diocese of London
- Baptist Union Churches
- Church of England Parish Finder
- Church of England churches in central London
- The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints
- The History Files Churches of the British Isles
- Congregational Churches in London
- Friends of the City Churches
- Gospel Hall Finder
- Greek Orthodox Archdiocese of Thyateira and Great Britain
- Love's Guide to the Church Bells of the City of London
- Methodist Church of Great Britain Church Search
- Roman Catholic Diocese of Brentwood Parishes A-Z
- Roman Catholic Diocese of Westminster – Virtual Diocese
- Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Southwark – Parish Directory
- Seventh-day Adventist Churches in London
- United Reformed Church Find A Church
- Redeemed Christian Church of God
Notes and references
- Porter, Roy (1994) London: A Social History, Cambridge: Harvard. pp.87–88
- Cooper, Michael (2003) A More Beautiful City: Robert Hooke and the Rebuilding of London after the Great Fire. Sutton Publishing Ltd. ISBN 0-7509-2959-6
- Hart, Vaughan, Nicholas Hawksmoor: Rebuilding Ancient Wonders. Yale University Press, 2002. ISBN 0-300-09699-2
- Davidson Cragoe, Carol (4 February 2005). "Towards the Floodgates of Religious Reform". History Trails: Church and State. BBC History. Retrieved 7 March 2013.
- "For my own part I view the work of Sir Christopher Wren as a beacon which never fails to inspire. And there is no finer monument of his genius than the character he gave to London," Sir Edwin Lutyens. From London City Churches
- "LONDON city churches". simonknott.co.uk. Retrieved 2017-10-06.
- "All Hallows by the Tower". allhallowsbythetower.org.uk. Retrieved 2017-09-29.
- "http://www.standrewbythewardrobe.net/". standrewbythewardrobe.net. Retrieved 2017-09-29. External link in
- "St. Andrew". standrewholborn.org.uk. Retrieved 2017-09-29.
- "Saint Bartholomew the Great, West Smithfield". greatstbarts.com. Retrieved 2017-09-29.
- "Croeso i Eglwys Bened Sant . Welcome to the Church of St Benet". stbenetwelshchurch.org.uk. Retrieved 2017-10-07.
- Alys. "St Botolph without Aldgate". stbotolphs.org.uk. Retrieved 2017-09-29.
- "Parish & Ward Church of St. Botolph without Bishopsgate". botolph.org.uk. Retrieved 2017-09-29.
- "St Bride's Church, Fleet Street: spiritual home of the media". stbrides.com. Retrieved 2017-09-29.
- "St Dunstan in the West". stdunstaninthewest.org. Retrieved 2017-10-03.
- "St Giles' Cripplegate". stgilescripplegate.com. Retrieved 2017-10-03.
- "St Helen's Bishopsgate – Church in London". st-helens.org.uk. Retrieved 2017-10-03.
- "Welcome to St. James Garlickhythe | Church of St. James Garlickhythe". stjamesgarlickhythe.org. Retrieved 2017-10-03.
- "Sanctuary in the City". sanctuaryinthecity.net. Retrieved 2017-10-03.
- "St Lawrence". stlawrencejewry.org.uk. Retrieved 2017-10-03.
- "Welcome to the Parish Church of St Magnus the Martyr | St Magnus the Martyr, London Bridge". stmagnusmartyr.org.uk. Retrieved 2017-10-03.
- "St Margaret Lothbury & St Mary Woolnoth | Church of England Parish Churches at the Heart of the City of London". stml.org.uk. Retrieved 2017-10-03.
- Limited, Kinetic Internet. "The Guild Church of St. Margaret Pattens in The City of London". stmargaretpattens.org. Retrieved 2017-10-03.
- "The Guild Church of St Martin within Ludgate". stmartin-within-ludgate.org.uk. Retrieved 2017-10-03.
- "Home". St Mary Aldermary. Retrieved 2017-10-03.
- "St Mary-at-Hill – Welcome". stmary-at-hill.org. Retrieved 19 December 2017.
- "St Mary-le-Bow". stmarylebow.co.uk. Retrieved 2017-10-03.
- "St Michael's Cornhill -homepage". st-michaels.org.uk. Retrieved 2017-10-03.
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- "Home – St Paul's Cathedral". stpauls.co.uk. Retrieved 2017-10-03.
- "St. Sepulchres". St Sepulchres. Retrieved 2017-10-03.
- "St Stephen Walbrook – a place of celebration". ststephenwalbrook.net. Retrieved 2017-10-03.
- "St Vedast-alias-Foster | A vibrant church in the City of London". vedast.org.uk. Retrieved 2017-10-03.
- "http://www.templechurch.com/". templechurch.com. Retrieved 2017-10-03. External link in
- "St Mary Moorfields Roman Catholic Church, City of London | St Mary Moorfields". stmarymoorfields.net. Retrieved 2017-10-03.
- "Saint Botolph's Orthodox Church". Saint Botolph's Orthodox Church. Retrieved 2017-10-03.
- "Știri". sfgheorghelondra.org.uk. Retrieved 2017-10-06.
- "ST.THOMAS JACOBITE SYRIAN ORTHODOX CHURCH LONDON | "The good shepherd gives his life for the sheep" (John 10:11)". stthomasjsoclondon.org. Retrieved 2017-10-03.
- "http://www.stanneslutheranchurch.org.uk/". stanneslutheranchurch.org.uk. Retrieved 2017-09-29. External link in
- "London City Presbyterian Church". londonfreechurch.org.uk. Retrieved 2017-09-29.
- "capeljewin". capeljewin. Retrieved 2017-10-06.
- LTD., bOnline. "City Temple | in London". city-temple.com. Retrieved 2017-09-29.
- "Nederlandse Kerk | Dutch Church in London". dutchchurch.org.uk (in Dutch). Retrieved 2017-09-29.
- "London International Church of Christ (ICOC)". thelondonchurch.org. Retrieved 2017-10-05.
- "City Gates Church – London". citygateschurch.net. Retrieved 2017-09-29.
- "11.00 – Central Service | ChristChurch London". christchurchlondon.org. Retrieved 2017-10-06.
- "St Botolphs Aldersgate – St Botolphs Aldersgate". stbotolphsaldersgate.org.uk. Retrieved 2017-09-29.
- "LONDON city churches". simonknott.co.uk. Retrieved 2017-10-06.