List of cities and towns in Bangladesh
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People's Republic of Bangladesh
This article presents a list of cities and towns in Bangladesh. According to the Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics and the Ministry of Local Government, Rural Development and Co-operatives of Bangladesh, there are 532 urban centres in Bangladesh.
The bureau defines an urban centre with a population of 100,000 or more as a "city". Altogether, there are 42 such cities in Bangladesh. 11 of these cities can be considered major cities as these are governed by City Corporations. All of the City Corporation-governed cities currently have a population of more than 200,000 (which is not a criterion for the status). Besides the 11 major cities, there are 31 other cities in Bangladesh that are not governed by "City Corporations", rather by "Municipal Corporations". A city with a population of more than 10,000,000 is defined by the bureau as a megacity. Dhaka is the only megacity in Bangladesh according to this definition. Together, Dhaka and the port city of Chittagong account for 48% of the country's urban population.
An urban centre with a population of less than 100,000 is defined as a "town". In total, there are 490 such towns in Bangladesh. Among these, 287 towns are governed by "Municipal Corporations". These are called "Paurashava"s in the local Bengali language. Altogether, including the ones governing 31 non-major cities, there are 318 Municipal Corporations.
In addition, there are another 203 towns which are Upazila centres (and other urban centres) and not governed by any Municipal Corporation or "Paurashava". These are the non-Municipal Corporation or "non-Paurashava" towns.
In 1951, Bangladesh was mostly a rural country and only 4% of the population lived in urban centres. The urban population rose to 20% in 1991 and to 24% by 2001. As of 2011, Bangladesh has an urban population of 28%. The rate of urban population growth is estimated at 2.8%. At this growth rate, Bangladesh's urban population will reach 79 million or 42% of the population by 2035. The urban centers of Bangladesh have a combined area of about 10600 square kilometers, which is 7% of the total area of Bangladesh. As such, Bangladesh has a very high urban population density: 4028 persons per square kilometer (2011), whereas the rural density is significantly lower: 790 persons per square kilometer (2011). The number of municipalities have tripled from 104 municipalities in 1991 to 318 municipalities in 2011.
Major cities and metropolitan areas
There are eleven major cities in Bangladesh that are governed by twelve city corporations, which include Dhaka North, Dhaka South, Chittagong, Khulna, Rajshahi, Sylhet, Comilla, Gazipur, Mymensingh, Barisal, Rangpur, and Narayanganj. Among these, Dhaka is a megacity, governed by two city corporations, and has a population of around 9 million. It was formerly governed by the Dhaka City Corporation, until it was split into North and South in 2011. Five of the aforementioned major cities are designated as metropolitan areas: Dhaka, Chittagong, Khulna, Sylhet and Rajshahi. Metropolitan areas can be loosely defined as a major city combined with some of its adjacent municipalities and peri-urban areas. The populations of the cities are from the 2011 census.
In addition to the 11 major cities governed by City Corporations, there are 32 other cities which are governed by Municipal Corporations. These are given below in alphabetical order.
Urban areas by population
Dhaka is by far the largest urban area as well as the largest metropolitan area in Bangladesh. Chittagong is the second largest city and urban area in Bangladesh as well as second largest metropolitan in Bangladesh. Other major cities with a population of more than 300,000 include Khulna,Sylhet,Rajshahi, Rangpur, Bogra, Barisal, Comilla, Gazipur,Narayanganj and Mymensingh. The following table shows the largest populated area within a local government area.
- List of City Corporations of Bangladesh
- List of Municipal Corporations of Bangladesh
- List of villages in Bangladesh
- List of cities in Asia
- About Us, Local Government Engineering Department, Ministry of Local Government, Bangladesh, archived from the original on 9 October 2018, retrieved 9 October 2018
- Statistical Pocketbook Bangladesh 2017 (PDF), Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics, 2018
- Population and Housing Census 2011 - Volume 3: Urban Area Report (PDF), Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics, August 2014, pp. ix, xi, 24–26, 167
- Elisa Muzzini; Gabriela Aparicio (11 April 2013), Bangladesh: The Path to Middle-Income Status from an Urban Perspective, World Bank Publications, p. 51
- "60% of Bangladesh urban population in metropolitan cities". Dhaka Tribune. 19 November 2018.
- "Population Census 2011: National Volume-3: Urban Area Report" (PDF). Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics. pp. 24–25. Retrieved 26 September 2017.