List of cities and towns in Bangladesh

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This article presents a list of cities and towns in Bangladesh, a country in South Asia. According to the Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics and the Ministry of Local Government, Rural Development and Co-operatives of Bangladesh, there are 532 urban centres in Bangladesh.[1][2][3]

The bureau defines an urban centre with a population of 100,000 or more as a "city". Altogether, there are 42 such cities in Bangladesh. 11 of these cities can be considered major cities as these are governed by "City Corporations". All of the "City Corporation"-governed cities currently have a population of more than 200,000 (which is not a criterion for the status). Besides the 11 major cities, there are 31 other cities in Bangladesh that are not governed by "City Corporations", rather by "Municipal Corporations". A city with a population of more than 5,000,000 is defined by the bureau as a "megacity". Dhaka is the only megacity in Bangladesh according to this definition.[2] Together, Dhaka and the port city of Chittagong account for 48% of the country's urban population.[4]

An urban centre with a population of less than 100,000 is defined as a "town". In total, there are 490 such towns in Bangladesh.[2] Among these, 287 towns are governed by "Municipal Corporations". These are called "Paurashava"s in the local Bengali language. Altogether, including the ones governing 31 non-major cities, there are 318 Municipal Corporations.

In addition, there are another 203 towns which are Upazila centres (and other urban centres) and not governed by any Municipal Corporation or "Paurashava". These are the non-Municipal Corporation or "non-Paurashava" towns.[2][3]

In 1951, Bangladesh was mostly a rural country and only 4% of the population lived in urban centres. The urban population rose to 19% in 1991 and to 26% by 2005. As of 2011, Bangladesh has an urban population of 28%.[2] The rate of urban population growth is estimated at 2.8%. At this growth rate, Bangladesh's urban population will reach 79 million or 42% of the population by 2035. The urban centers of Bangladesh have a combined area of about 10600 square kilometers, which is 7% of the total area of Bangladesh. As such, Bangladesh has a very high urban population density: 4028 persons per square kilometer (2011), whereas the rural density is significantly lower: 790 persons per square kilometer (2011).[1] The number of municipalities have tripled from 104 municipalities in 1991 to 318 municipalities in 2011.[4]

Major cities[edit]

There are 11 major cities in Bangladesh which are governed by 12 City Corporations. These are: Dhaka North, Dhaka South, Chittagong, Comilla, Khulna, Mymensingh, Sylhet, Rajshahi, Barisal, Rangpur, Gazipur and Narayanganj. Among these, Dhaka is a megacity, governed by 2 City Corporations.

Rank City Area(km2)[2] Population (2011)[2] District Division
1. Dhaka 316 8,906,039 Dhaka Dhaka Division
2. Chittagong 155 2,592,439 Chittagong Chittagong Division
3. Rajshahi 97 763,952 Rajshahi Rajshahi Division
4. Khulna 51 664,728 Khulna Khulna Division
5. Sylhet 42 526,412 Sylhet Sylhet Division
6. Mymensingh 70.98 389,918 Mymensingh Mymensingh Division
7. Barisal 69 339,308 Barisal Barisal Division
8. Rangpur 50.69 307,053 Rangpur Rangpur Division
9. Comilla 23.44 296,010 Comilla Chittagong Division
10. Narayanganj 12.69 286,330 Narayanganj Dhaka Division
11. Gazipur 47.23 213,061 Gazipur Dhaka Division

Gallery of major cities in Bangladesh[edit]

Metropolitan areas[edit]

Eight (8) of the aforementioned major cities are also part of eight bigger metropolitan areas. Metropolitan areas can be loosely defined as a major city combined with some of its adjacent municipalities and peri-urban areas. The eight metropolitan areas of Bangladesh are the Dhaka, Chittagong, Khulna, Rajshahi, Barisal, Sylhet, Gazipur and Rangpur metropolitan areas.

Cities[edit]

These are other cities of Bangladesh which are governed by Municipal Corporations .

Rank City Area(km2) Population(2011) District Division
1. Bogra 69.56[5] 540,000[5] Bogra Rajshahi Division
2. Kushtia 42.79[6] 375,149[6] Kushtia Khulna Division
3. Jessore 28.56 237,478 Jessore Khulna Division
4. Cox's Bazar 24.45 223,522 Cox's Bazar Chittagong Division
5. Manikganj 42.28 200,000 Manikganj Dhaka Division
6. Brahmanbaria 22.49 193,814 Brahmanbaria Chittagong Division
6. Dinajpur 22.00 191,329 Dinajpur Rangpur Division
7. Pabna 27.43 190,392 Pabna Rajshahi Division
8. Nawabganj 32.09 180,731 Chapai Nawabganj Rajshahi Division
9. Tangail 33.80 167,412 Tangail Dhaka Division
10. Sirajganj 31.27 167,200 Sirajganj Rajshahi Division
11. Chandpur 22 159,021 Chandpur Chittagong Division
12. Feni 22.00 156,971 Feni Chittagong Division
13. Jamalpur 55.25 150,172 Jamalpur Mymensingh Division
14. Naogaon 38.36 150,025 Naogaon Rajshahi Division
15. Narsingdi 14.8 146,115 Narsingdi Dhaka Division
16. Pabna 27.27 144,442 Pabna Rajshahi Division
17. Maijdee 23.79 130,842 Noakhali Chittagong Division
18. Faridpur 19.78 122,425 Faridpur Dhaka Division

Source: 2011 Bangladesh census[7]

Gallery of some municipal cities[edit]

Towns[edit]

The following is a list of towns in Bangladesh governed by Municipal Corporations.

Division Number Towns
Barisal Division 21
Chittagong Division 27
Dhaka Division 23
Khulna Division 9
Mymensingh Division 13
Rajshahi Division 15
Rangpur Division 7
Sylhet Division 9

Urban areas by population[edit]

Dhaka is by far the largest urban area as well as the largest metropolitan area in Bangladesh. Chittagong is the second largest city and urban area in Bangladesh as well as second largest metropolitan in Bangladesh while Khulna is the third largest metropolitan in Bangladesh. Other major cities with a population of more than 300,000 include Mymensingh, Narayanganj, Sylhet, Rajshahi,Rangpur,Bogra, Barisal and Comilla. The following table shows the largest populated area within a local government area.

Urban centres[edit]

The following table shows those towns which are not goverened by Paurashava but serves as the urban centre of a Upazila.

Town Area(km2) Population(2011) Upazila(subdistrict) District Division
Kawkhali 5.34 9,820 Kawkhali Pirojpur Barisal
Daulatpur Daulatpur Manikganj Dhaka
Lohagara, Chittagong


See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b About Us, Local Government Engineering Department, Ministry of Local Government, Bangladesh
  2. ^ a b c d e f g Population and Housing Census 2011 - Volume 3: Urban Area Report (PDF), Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics, August 2014
  3. ^ a b Statistical Pocketbook Bangladesh 2017 (PDF), Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics, 2018
  4. ^ a b Elisa Muzzini; Gabriela Aparicio (11 April 2013), Bangladesh: The Path to Middle-Income Status from an Urban Perspective, World Bank Publications, p. 51
  5. ^ a b http://bograpaurashavabd.org/2016/04/29/detail-information-of-bogra-paurashava/
  6. ^ a b https://www.kushtiamunicipality.org/Municipality%20at%20a%20glance.html
  7. ^ "Population Census 2011: National Volume-3: Urban Area Report" (PDF). Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics. pp. 24–25. Retrieved 26 September 2017.
  8. ^ Population and Housing Census 2011 - Volume 3: Urban Area Report (PDF), Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics, August 2014

External links[edit]