List of cities and towns in Bangladesh

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This article presents a list of cities and towns in Bangladesh. According to the Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics and the Ministry of Local Government, Rural Development and Co-operatives of Bangladesh, there are 532 urban centres in Bangladesh.[1][2]

The bureau defines an urban centre with a population of 100,000 or more as a "city". Altogether, there are 42 such cities in Bangladesh. 11 of these cities can be considered major cities as these are governed by City Corporations. All of the City Corporation-governed cities currently have a population of more than 200,000 (which is not a criterion for the status). Besides the 11 major cities, there are 31 other cities in Bangladesh that are not governed by "City Corporations", rather by "Municipal Corporations". A city with a population of more than 10,000,000 is defined by the bureau as a megacity. Dhaka is the only megacity in Bangladesh according to this definition.[3] Together, Dhaka and the port city of Chittagong account for 48% of the country's urban population.[4]

An urban centre with a population of less than 100,000 is defined as a "town". In total, there are 490 such towns in Bangladesh.[3] Among these, 287 towns are governed by "Municipal Corporations". These are called "Paurashava"s in the local Bengali language. Altogether, including the ones governing 31 non-major cities, there are 318 Municipal Corporations.

In addition, there are another 203 towns which are Upazila centres (and other urban centres) and not governed by any Municipal Corporation or "Paurashava". These are the non-Municipal Corporation or "non-Paurashava" towns.[3][2]

In 1951, Bangladesh was mostly a rural country and only 4% of the population lived in urban centres. The urban population rose to 20% in 1991 and to 24% by 2001. As of 2011, Bangladesh has an urban population of 28%.[3] The rate of urban population growth is estimated at 2.8%. At this growth rate, Bangladesh's urban population will reach 79 million or 42% of the population by 2035. The urban centers of Bangladesh have a combined area of about 10600 square kilometers, which is 7% of the total area of Bangladesh. As such, Bangladesh has a very high urban population density: 4028 persons per square kilometer (2011), whereas the rural density is significantly lower: 790 persons per square kilometer (2011).[1] The number of municipalities have tripled from 104 municipalities in 1991 to 318 municipalities in 2011.[4]

Major cities and metropolitan areas[edit]

There are eleven major cities in Bangladesh that are governed by twelve city corporations, which include Dhaka North, Dhaka South, Chittagong, Khulna, Rajshahi, Sylhet, Comilla, Gazipur, Mymensingh, Barisal, Rangpur, and Narayanganj. Among these, Dhaka is a megacity, governed by two city corporations, and has a population of around 9 million. It was formerly governed by the Dhaka City Corporation, until it was split into North and South in 2011. Five of the aforementioned major cities are designated as metropolitan areas: Dhaka, Chittagong, Khulna, Sylhet and Rajshahi.[5] Metropolitan areas can be loosely defined as a major city combined with some of its adjacent municipalities and peri-urban areas. The populations of the cities are from the 2011 census.

Rank City Area(km2)[3] Population (2011)[3] District Division Photos
1. Dhaka 316 8,906,039 Dhaka Dhaka Division Gulshan, Dhaka
2. Chittagong 155 2,592,439 Chittagong Chittagong Division Skyline of Chittagong
3. Rajshahi 47 763,580 Rajshahi Rajshahi Division Aerial view of the skyline of Rajshahi
4. Khulna 51 664,728 Khulna Khulna Division Skyline of Khulna
5. Sylhet 42 531,663 Sylhet Sylhet Division Sylhet city aerial view
6. Rangpur 51 407,000 Rangpur Rangpur Division Aerial view of Rangpur from the Begum Rokeya University
7. Mymensingh 71 389,918 Mymensingh Mymensingh Division Mymensingh city view
8. Barisal 69 339,308 Barisal Barisal Division Bangabandhu Uddyan Aerial View.jpg
9. Comilla 23 339,133 Comilla Chittagong Division Skyline of Comilla
10. Narayanganj 13 286,330 Narayanganj Dhaka Division Skyline in Narayanganj
11. Gazipur 47 213,061 Gazipur Dhaka Division Aerial view of the Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman Agricultural University in Gazipur

Cities[edit]

In addition to the 11 major cities governed by City Corporations, there are 32 other cities which are governed by Municipal Corporations. These are given below in alphabetical order.

City Area (km2) Population (2011 census) District Division Image
Bhairab 15.71 118,992 Kishoreganj Dhaka Division
Bogra 68.63 400,983 Bogra Rajshahi Division Bogra Sathmatha.jpg
Brahmanbaria 22.49 193,814 Brahmanbaria Chittagong Division The Jamia Islamia Yunusia in Brahmanbaria
Chandpur 26.82 171,065 Chandpur Chittagong Division
Chowmuhani 35.50 132,948 Noakhali Chittagong Division
Chuadanga 69.02 128,865 Chuadanga Khulna Division
Comilla Sadar Dakshin 31.01 111,891 Comilla Chittagong Division
Cox's Bazar 24.45 223,522 Cox's Bazar Chittagong Division Cox's Bazar Sea Beach
Dinajpur 22.00 191,329 Dinajpur Rangpur Division Dinajpur Rajbari
Faridpur 19.78 122,425 Faridpur Dhaka Division
Feni 22.00 156,971 Feni Chittagong Division
Jamalpur 55.25 150,172 Jamalpur Mymensingh Division
Jessore 28.56 237,478 Jessore Khulna Division Skyline of Jessore
Jhenaidah 44.33 110,541 Jhenaidah Khulna Division Payra chattar, jhenaidah 2.jpg
Kadam Rasul (Bandar) 11.28 166,291 Narayanganj Dhaka Division
Kaliakair 27.16 163,498 Gazipur Dhaka Division
Kishoreganj 11.30 103,798 Kishoreganj Dhaka Division Kishoreganj.jpg
Kushtia 14.49 108,423 Kushtia Khulna Division
Maijdee 23.79 130,842 Noakhali Chittagong Division Dhannapur Madrassa in Majidee
Naogaon 37.08 150,549 Naogaon Rajshahi Division
Narsingdi 20.95 185,128 Narsingdi Dhaka Division
Nawabganj 32.90 180,731 Chapai Nawabganj Rajshahi Division
Pabna 27.27 144,442 Pabna Rajshahi Division Taras Palace in Pabna
Saidpur 30.04 133,433 Nilphamari Rangpur Division A church in Saidpur
Satkhira 32.39 113,322 Satkhira Khulna Division Circuit House in Satkhira
Savar 13.54 296,851 Dhaka Dhaka Division The National Martyr's Monument in Savar
Siddhirganj 22.71 256,760 Narayanganj Dhaka Division
Sirajganj 31.27 167,200 Sirajganj Rajshahi Division Jamuna Bridge.jpg
Sreepur 46.90 126,249 Gazipur Dhaka Division
Tangail 33.80 167,412 Tangail Dhaka Division Tangail City Skyline.jpg
Tarabo 19.39 150,709 Narayanganj Dhaka Division
Tongi 32.07 406,420 Gazipur Dhaka Division Tongi Pilot School & Girls' College

Source: 2011 Bangladesh census[6]

Towns[edit]

The following is a list of towns in Bangladesh governed by Municipal Corporations.

Division Number Towns
Barisal Division 23
Chittagong Division 27
Dhaka Division 23
Khulna Division 9
Mymensingh Division 13
Rajshahi Division 15
Rangpur Division 14
Sylhet Division 9

Urban areas by population[edit]

Dhaka is by far the largest urban area as well as the largest metropolitan area in Bangladesh. Chittagong is the second largest city and urban area in Bangladesh as well as second largest metropolitan in Bangladesh. Other major cities with a population of more than 300,000 include Khulna,Sylhet,Rajshahi, Rangpur, Bogra, Barisal, Comilla, Gazipur,Narayanganj and Mymensingh. The following table shows the largest populated area within a local government area.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b About Us, Local Government Engineering Department, Ministry of Local Government, Bangladesh, archived from the original on 9 October 2018, retrieved 9 October 2018
  2. ^ a b Statistical Pocketbook Bangladesh 2017 (PDF), Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics, 2018
  3. ^ a b c d e f Population and Housing Census 2011 - Volume 3: Urban Area Report (PDF), Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics, August 2014, pp. ix, xi, 24–26, 167
  4. ^ a b Elisa Muzzini; Gabriela Aparicio (11 April 2013), Bangladesh: The Path to Middle-Income Status from an Urban Perspective, World Bank Publications, p. 51
  5. ^ "60% of Bangladesh urban population in metropolitan cities". Dhaka Tribune. 19 November 2018.
  6. ^ "Population Census 2011: National Volume-3: Urban Area Report" (PDF). Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics. pp. 24–25. Retrieved 26 September 2017.

External links[edit]