List of cities and towns in Finland

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

The following is a list of cities in Finland. In the year 1977, the legal difference between towns and municipalities was removed. Today[when?] they are all classified as municipalities, some of which are commonly referred to as cities (kaupunki in Finnish, 'stad' in Swedish). A municipality can decide whether it calls itself a municipality or a city. To date, many decide to use the latter.[citation needed]

There is no direct Finnish equivalent to "city",[citation needed] but "suurkaupunki" (~ large town) is used for a few cities in Finland. This fits the EU's definition of a city, which has the criteria of a minimum population of 50 000 and a minimum population density of 500 inhabitants per square kilometer. A simple, independent decision in the municipal council is sufficient to call a municipality (kunta) a city (kaupunki). For cities founded before the 1960s, the list includes the year the city was chartered.

A lot of municipal mergers have been carried out in Finland (and more are yet to come, due to a countrywide municipal reform). Mergers also make it difficult to define what towns are cities because mergers make the population increase a bit but make the population density decrease. For example, according to the EU definition, Tampere is no longer a city, due to the municipal mergers with Messukylä, Aitolahti, and Teisko, which decreased its official population density to 410,5 inhabitants per square kilometer, as of 1 July 2012. In Finland, the whole area inside a municipality's borders is officially considered the city or town area.

The names used in this encyclopedia are usually the Finnish or Swedish forms, depending on the majority language of the municipality, except when there is a commonly used English name.

Cities (founded)[edit]

Map of Finland
Finnish name Swedish name District Founded Population[1]
Akaa Ackas 2007 16709
Alajärvi 1986 9752
Alavus Alavo 1977 11611
Espoo Esbo Helsinki 1972 281886
Forssa 1964 17079
Haapajärvi Aspsjö 1977 7178
Haapavesi 1996 6895
Hamina Fredrikshamn 1653 20410
Hanko Hangö 1874 8448
Harjavalta 1977 7076
Haukipudas 1866 [1]
Heinola 1839 19007
Helsinki Helsingfors 1550 648650
Huittinen Vittis 1977 10140
Hyvinkää Hyvinge 1960 46622
Hämeenlinna Tavastehus 1639 67713
Iisalmi Idensalmi 1891 21546
Ikaalinen Ikalis 1977 7037
Imatra 1971 27035
Pietarsaari Jakobstad 1652 19303
Joensuu 1848 76228
Juankoski Strömsdal 1998 [1]
Jyväskylä 1837 140812
Jämsä 1977 20764
Järvenpää Träskända Helsinki 1967 43170
Kaarina Sankt Karins Turku 1993 33335
Kajaani Kajana 1651 37039
Kalajoki 1865 12446
Kankaanpää 1972 11506
Kannus 1986 5496
Karkkila Högfors 1977 8804
Kaskinen Kaskö 1785 1275
Kauhajoki 2001 13441
Kauhava 1986 16159
Kauniainen Grankulla Helsinki 1972 9577
Kemi 1869 21019
Kemijärvi Kemiträsk 1973 7410
Kerava Kervo Helsinki 1970 36174
Keuruu Keuru 1986 9858
Kitee Kides 1992 10382
Kiuruvesi 1993 8196
Kokemäki Kumo 1977 7300
Kokkola Karleby 1620 47681
Kotka 1878 53110
Kouvola 1960 83600
Kristiinankaupunki Kristinestad 1649 6605
Kuhmo 1986 8377
Kuopio 1775 118434
Kurikka 1977 21050
Kuusamo 2000 15219
Lahti Lahtis 1905 119999
Laitila Letala 1986 8658
Lappeenranta Villmanstrand 1649 72801
Lapua Lappo 1977 14454
Lieksa 1973 11157
Lohja Lojo 1969 46490
Loimaa 1969 16106
Loviisa Lovisa 1745 14968
Maarianhamina Mariehamn 1861 11769
Mikkeli Sankt Michel 1838 53983
Mänttä-Vilppula Mänttä-Filpula 2009 10062
Naantali Nådendal Turku 1443 19168
Nilsiä 1998 [1]
Nivala 1992 10764
Nokia Tampere 1977 33403
Nurmes 1974 7675
Uusikaarlepyy Nykarleby 1620 7476
Närpiö Närpes 1993 9503
Orimattila 1992 16071
Orivesi 1986 9221
Oulainen Oulais 1977 7457
Oulu Uleåborg 1605 202753
Outokumpu 1977 6825
Paimio Pemar Turku 1997 10784
Parainen Pargas Turku 1977 15261
Parkano 1977 6519
Pieksämäki 1962 18039
Pori Björneborg 1558 84566
Porvoo Borgå Helsinki 1346 50224
Pudasjärvi 2004 8033
Pyhäjärvi 1993 5282
Raahe Brahestad 1649 24852
Raasepori Raseborg 2009 27792
Raisio Reso Turku 1974 24219
Rauma Raumo 1442 39401
Riihimäki 1960 28835
Rovaniemi 1960 62667
Saarijärvi 1986 9509
Salo 1960 52580
Sastamala 2009 24727
Savonlinna Nyslott 1639 33866
Seinäjoki Östermyra 1960 63072
Siuntio Sjundeå Helsinki 1382 6129
Somero 1993 8859
Suonenjoki 1977 7179
Tampere Tammerfors Tampere 1779 234441
Tornio Torneå 1621 21912
Turku Åbo Turku 1200–1300 190935
Ulvila Ulvsby 1365 to 1558, later 2000 13074
Uusikaupunki Nystad 1617 15737
Vaasa Vasa 1606 67465
Valkeakoski 1963 21199
Vantaa Vanda Helsinki 1974 226160
Varkaus 1962 20956
Viitasaari 1996 6295
Virrat Virdois 1977 6756
Ylivieska 1971 15205
Ylöjärvi Tampere 2004 33034
Ähtäri Etseri 1986 5788
Äänekoski 1973 18971

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "Ennakkoväkiluku kuukausittain sukupuolen mukaan alueittain, elokuu 2018" (in Finnish). Statistics Finland. Retrieved 21 October 2018.

External links[edit]

Media related to Cities in Finland at Wikimedia Commons