List of cities and towns in Montana

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Map of the United States with Montana highlighted

Montana is a state located in the Western United States. According to the 2010 United States Census, Montana is the 6th least populous state with 989,417 inhabitants but the 4th largest by land area spanning 145,545.80 square miles (376,961.9 km2) of land.[1] Montana is divided into 56 counties and contains 129 incorporated municipalities consisting of cities and towns.[2] Montana's incorporated municipalities cover only 1.2% of the state's land mass but are home to 53.8% of its population.[1] The Montana Code 7-1-4124 gives municipal governments in Montana powers to enact ordinances, borrow money, and enact eminent domain among other legal powers.[3]

In Montana, municipalities are divided into four classes by state statute based on the population of each municipality.[4] Members of the three largest classes are deemed cities, while the members of the fourth class are called towns. Cities and towns are classified at the time of their organisation, and are reorganised when they change classification due to an increase or decrease in population. A place may incorporate as a town with the support of 300 electors or two-thirds of the registered electors.[5] A municipality with a population between 1,000 and 5,000 people is a Third Class city. A municipality with a population between 5,000 and 10,000 people is a Second Class city. And a municipality with a population over 10,000 people is a First Class city. Under certain exceptions municipalities with a population of between 9,000 and 10,000 may elect, by resolution to be either a First or Second Class city. Under similar exceptions municipalities with a population of between 5,000 and 7,500 may elect, by resolution to be either a Second or Third Class city. And finally, municipalities with a population of between 1,000 and 2,500 may, by resolution be classified as either a town or Third Class city.[6] Unincorporated places such as census-designated places fall outside of this scheme, and are subject to county governance, and thus are not towns or cities.

The largest municipality by population in Montana is Billings with 104,170 residents, and the smallest municipality by population is Ismay with 19 residents.[1] The largest municipality by land area is Anaconda, a consolidated city-county, which spans 736.53 sq mi (1,907.6 km2), while Rexford and Flaxville are the smallest at 0.10 sq mi (0.26 km2).[1]

Incorporated cities and towns[edit]

      State capital and county seat State capital

      County seatCounty seat

Name Type[1] County[1] Population
(2010)[1]
Population
(2000)[1]
Change (%) Land area
(2010)[1]
Density
sq mi km2
Alberton Town Mineral 420 374 +12.3% 0.57 1.5 736.8/sq mi (284.5/km2)
AnacondaCounty seat Consolidated city-county Deer Lodge 9,298 9,417 −1.3% 736.53 1,907.6 12.6/sq mi (4.9/km2)
Bainville Town Roosevelt 208 153 +35.9% 1.02 2.6 203.9/sq mi (78.7/km2)
BakerCounty seat City Fallon 1,741 1,695 +2.7% 0.97 2.5 1,794.8/sq mi (693.0/km2)
Bearcreek Town Carbon 79 83 −4.8% 0.12 0.31 658.3/sq mi (254.2/km2)
Belgrade City Gallatin 7,389 5,728 +29.0% 3.25 8.4 2,273.5/sq mi (877.8/km2)
Belt Town Cascade 597 633 −5.7% 0.35 0.91 1,705.7/sq mi (658.6/km2)
Big Sandy Town Chouteau 598 703 −14.9% 0.44 1.1 1,359.1/sq mi (524.7/km2)
Big TimberCounty seat City Sweet Grass 1,641 1,650 −0.5% 0.92 2.4 1,783.7/sq mi (688.7/km2)
BillingsCounty seat City Yellowstone 104,170 89,847 +15.9% 43.41 112.4 2,399.7/sq mi (926.5/km2)
BoulderCounty seat Town Jefferson 1,183 1,300 −9.0% 1.13 2.9 1,046.9/sq mi (404.2/km2)
BozemanCounty seat City Gallatin 37,280 27,509 +35.5% 19.12 49.5 1,949.8/sq mi (752.8/km2)
Bridger Town Carbon 708 745 −5.0% 0.80 2.1 885.0/sq mi (341.7/km2)
BroadusCounty seat Town Powder River 468 451 +3.8% 0.34 0.88 1,376.5/sq mi (531.5/km2)
Broadview Town Yellowstone 192 150 +28.0% 0.26 0.67 738.5/sq mi (285.1/km2)
Brockton Town Roosevelt 255 245 +4.1% 0.23 0.60 1,108.7/sq mi (428.1/km2)
Browning Town Glacier 1,016 1,065 −4.6% 0.27 0.70 3,763.0/sq mi (1,452.9/km2)
ButteCounty seat Consolidated city-county Silver Bow 33,525 33,892 −1.1% 716.25 1,855.1 46.8/sq mi (18.1/km2)
Cascade Town Cascade 685 819 −16.4% 0.52 1.3 1,317.3/sq mi (508.6/km2)
ChesterCounty seat Town Liberty 847 871 −2.8% 0.48 1.2 1,764.6/sq mi (681.3/km2)
ChinookCounty seat City Blaine 1,203 1,386 −13.2% 0.51 1.3 2,358.8/sq mi (910.7/km2)
ChoteauCounty seat City Teton 1,684 1,781 −5.4% 1.83 4.7 920.2/sq mi (355.3/km2)
CircleCounty seat Town McCone 615 644 −4.5% 0.78 2.0 788.5/sq mi (304.4/km2)
Clyde Park Town Park 288 310 −7.1% 0.32 0.83 900.0/sq mi (347.5/km2)
Colstrip City Rosebud 2,214 2,346 −5.6% 4.47 11.6 495.3/sq mi (191.2/km2)
Columbia Falls City Flathead 4,688 3,645 +28.6% 2.05 5.3 2,286.8/sq mi (882.9/km2)
ColumbusCounty seat Town Stillwater 1,893 1,748 +8.3% 1.32 3.4 1,434.1/sq mi (553.7/km2)
ConradCounty seat City Pondera 2,570 2,753 −6.6% 1.25 3.2 2,056.0/sq mi (793.8/km2)
Culbertson Town Roosevelt 714 716 −0.3% 0.60 1.6 1,190.0/sq mi (459.5/km2)
Cut BankCounty seat City Glacier 2,869 3,105 −7.6% 0.99 2.6 2,898.0/sq mi (1,118.9/km2)
Darby Town Ravalli 720 710 +1.4% 0.58 1.5 1,241.4/sq mi (479.3/km2)
Deer LodgeCounty seat City Powell 3,111 3,421 −9.1% 1.44 3.7 2,160.4/sq mi (834.1/km2)
Denton Town Fergus 255 301 −15.3% 0.76 2.0 335.5/sq mi (129.5/km2)
DillonCounty seat City Beaverhead 4,134 3,752 +10.2% 1.76 4.6 2,348.9/sq mi (906.9/km2)
Dodson Town Phillips 124 122 +1.6% 0.19 0.49 652.6/sq mi (252.0/km2)
Drummond Town Granite 309 318 −2.8% 0.53 1.4 583.0/sq mi (225.1/km2)
Dutton Town Teton 316 389 −18.8% 0.31 0.80 1,019.4/sq mi (393.6/km2)
East Helena City Lewis and Clark 1,984 1,642 +20.8% 1.73 4.5 1,146.8/sq mi (442.8/km2)
EkalakaCounty seat Town Carter 332 410 −19.0% 1.04 2.7 319.2/sq mi (123.3/km2)
Ennis Town Madison 838 840 −0.2% 0.77 2.0 1,088.3/sq mi (420.2/km2)
Eureka Town Lincoln 1,037 1,017 +2.0% 1.01 2.6 1,026.7/sq mi (396.4/km2)
Fairfield Town Teton 708 659 +7.4% 0.31 0.80 2,283.9/sq mi (881.8/km2)
Fairview Town Richland 840 709 +18.5% 0.97 2.5 866.0/sq mi (334.4/km2)
Flaxville Town Daniels 71 87 −18.4% 0.10 0.26 710.0/sq mi (274.1/km2)
ForsythCounty seat City Rosebud 1,777 1,944 −8.6% 0.99 2.6 1,794.9/sq mi (693.0/km2)
Fort BentonCounty seat City Chouteau 1,464 1,594 −8.2% 2.07 5.4 707.2/sq mi (273.1/km2)
Fort Peck Town Valley 233 240 −2.9% 0.86 2.2 270.9/sq mi (104.6/km2)
Froid Town Roosevelt 185 195 −5.1% 0.28 0.73 660.7/sq mi (255.1/km2)
Fromberg Town Carbon 438 486 −9.9% 0.48 1.2 912.5/sq mi (352.3/km2)
Geraldine Town Chouteau 261 284 −8.1% 0.52 1.3 501.9/sq mi (193.8/km2)
GlasgowCounty seat City Valley 3,250 3,253 −0.1% 1.43 3.7 2,272.7/sq mi (877.5/km2)
GlendiveCounty seat City Dawson 4,935 4,729 +4.4% 3.32 8.6 1,486.4/sq mi (573.9/km2)
Grass Range Town Fergus 110 149 −26.2% 0.15 0.39 733.3/sq mi (283.1/km2)
Great FallsCounty seat City Cascade 58,505 56,690 +3.2% 21.79 56.4 2,684.9/sq mi (1,036.7/km2)
HamiltonCounty seat City Ravalli 4,348 3,705 +17.4% 2.53 6.6 1,718.6/sq mi (663.5/km2)
HardinCounty seat City Big Horn 3,505 3,384 +3.6% 2.57 6.7 1,363.8/sq mi (526.6/km2)
Harlem City Blaine 808 848 −4.7% 0.43 1.1 1,879.1/sq mi (725.5/km2)
HarlowtonCounty seat City Wheatland 997 1,062 −6.1% 0.58 1.5 1,719.0/sq mi (663.7/km2)
HavreCounty seat City Hill 9,310 9,621 −3.2% 3.28 8.5 2,838.4/sq mi (1,095.9/km2)
HelenaCounty seat City Lewis and Clark 28,190 25,780 +9.3% 16.35 42.3 1,724.2/sq mi (665.7/km2)
Hingham Town Hill 118 157 −24.8% 0.17 0.44 694.1/sq mi (268.0/km2)
Hobson City Judith Basin 215 244 −11.9% 0.24 0.62 895.8/sq mi (345.9/km2)
Hot Springs Town Sanders 544 531 +2.4% 0.38 0.98 1,431.6/sq mi (552.7/km2)
HyshamCounty seat Town Treasure 312 330 −5.5% 0.21 0.54 1,485.7/sq mi (573.6/km2)
Ismay Town Custer 19 26 −26.9% 0.42 1.1 45.2/sq mi (17.5/km2)
Joliet Town Carbon 595 575 +3.5% 0.30 0.78 1,983.3/sq mi (765.8/km2)
JordanCounty seat Town Garfield 343 364 −5.8% 0.34 0.88 1,008.8/sq mi (389.5/km2)
Judith Gap City Wheatland 126 164 −23.2% 0.38 0.98 331.6/sq mi (128.0/km2)
KalispellCounty seat City Flathead 19,927 14,223 +40.1% 11.64 30.1 1,711.9/sq mi (661.0/km2)
Kevin Town Toole 154 178 −13.5% 0.34 0.88 452.9/sq mi (174.9/km2)
Laurel City Yellowstone 6,718 6,255 +7.4% 2.14 5.5 3,139.3/sq mi (1,212.1/km2)
Lavina Town Golden Valley 187 209 −10.5% 1.00 2.6 187.0/sq mi (72.2/km2)
LewistownCounty seat City Fergus 5,901 5,813 +1.5% 5.32 13.8 1,109.2/sq mi (428.3/km2)
LibbyCounty seat City Lincoln 2,628 2,626 +0.1% 1.91 4.9 1,375.9/sq mi (531.2/km2)
Lima Town Beaverhead 221 242 −8.7% 0.53 1.4 417.0/sq mi (161.0/km2)
LivingstonCounty seat City Park 7,044 6,851 +2.8% 6.02 15.6 1,170.1/sq mi (451.8/km2)
Lodge Grass Town Big Horn 428 510 −16.1% 0.24 0.62 1,783.3/sq mi (688.5/km2)
MaltaCounty seat City Phillips 1,997 2,120 −5.8% 1.06 2.7 1,884.0/sq mi (727.4/km2)
Manhattan Town Gallatin 1,520 1,396 +8.9% 1.93 5.0 787.6/sq mi (304.1/km2)
Medicine Lake Town Sheridan 225 269 −16.4% 0.40 1.0 562.5/sq mi (217.2/km2)
Melstone Town Musselshell 96 136 −29.4% 0.69 1.8 139.1/sq mi (53.7/km2)
Miles CityCounty seat City Custer 8,410 8,487 −0.9% 3.34 8.7 2,518.0/sq mi (972.2/km2)
MissoulaCounty seat City Missoula 66,788 57,053 +17.1% 27.51 71.3 2,427.8/sq mi (937.4/km2)
Moore Town Fergus 193 186 +3.8% 0.24 0.62 804.2/sq mi (310.5/km2)
Nashua Town Valley 290 325 −10.8% 0.66 1.7 439.4/sq mi (169.7/km2)
Neihart Town Cascade 51 91 −44.0% 1.99 5.2 25.6/sq mi (9.9/km2)
Opheim Town Valley 85 111 −23.4% 0.21 0.54 404.8/sq mi (156.3/km2)
Outlook Town Sheridan 47 82 −42.7% 1.30 3.4 36.2/sq mi (14.0/km2)
PhilipsburgCounty seat Town Granite 820 914 −10.3% 0.80 2.1 1,025.0/sq mi (395.8/km2)
Pinesdale Town Ravalli 917 742 +23.6% 1.29 3.3 710.9/sq mi (274.5/km2)
Plains Town Sanders 1,048 1,126 −6.9% 0.59 1.5 1,776.3/sq mi (685.8/km2)
PlentywoodCounty seat City Sheridan 1,734 2,061 −15.9% 1.17 3.0 1,482.1/sq mi (572.2/km2)
Plevna Town Fallon 162 138 +17.4% 0.59 1.5 274.6/sq mi (106.0/km2)
PolsonCounty seat City Lake 4,488 4,041 +11.1% 4.14 10.7 1,084.1/sq mi (418.6/km2)
Poplar City Roosevelt 810 911 −11.1% 0.28 0.73 2,892.9/sq mi (1,116.9/km2)
Red LodgeCounty seat City Carbon 2,125 2,177 −2.4% 2.80 7.3 758.9/sq mi (293.0/km2)
Rexford Town Lincoln 105 151 −30.5% 0.10 0.26 1,050.0/sq mi (405.4/km2)
Richey Town Dawson 177 189 −6.3% 0.24 0.62 737.5/sq mi (284.8/km2)
Ronan City Lake 1,871 1,812 +3.3% 1.19 3.1 1,572.3/sq mi (607.1/km2)
RoundupCounty seat City Musselshell 1,788 1,931 −7.4% 1.34 3.5 1,334.3/sq mi (515.2/km2)
RyegateCounty seat Town Golden Valley 245 268 −8.6% 0.69 1.8 355.1/sq mi (137.1/km2)
Saco Town Phillips 197 224 −12.1% 0.33 0.85 597.0/sq mi (230.5/km2)
ScobeyCounty seat City Daniels 1,017 1,082 −6.0% 0.76 2.0 1,338.2/sq mi (516.7/km2)
ShelbyCounty seat City Toole 3,376 3,216 +5.0% 6.03 15.6 559.9/sq mi (216.2/km2)
Sheridan Town Madison 642 659 −2.6% 1.02 2.6 629.4/sq mi (243.0/km2)
SidneyCounty seat City Richland 5,191 4,774 +8.7% 2.66 6.9 1,951.5/sq mi (753.5/km2)
St. Ignatius Town Lake 842 788 +6.9% 0.56 1.5 1,503.6/sq mi (580.5/km2)
StanfordCounty seat Town Judith Basin 401 454 −11.7% 0.44 1.1 911.4/sq mi (351.9/km2)
Stevensville Town Ravalli 1,809 1,553 +16.5% 0.98 2.5 1,845.9/sq mi (712.7/km2)
Sunburst Town Toole 375 415 −9.6% 0.24 0.62 1,562.5/sq mi (603.3/km2)
SuperiorCounty seat Town Mineral 812 893 −9.1% 1.04 2.7 780.8/sq mi (301.5/km2)
TerryCounty seat Town Prairie 605 611 −1.0% 0.71 1.8 852.1/sq mi (329.0/km2)
Thompson FallsCounty seat City Sanders 1,313 1,321 −0.6% 1.73 4.5 759.0/sq mi (293.0/km2)
Three Forks City Gallatin 1,869 1,728 +8.2% 1.44 3.7 1,297.9/sq mi (501.1/km2)
TownsendCounty seat City Broadwater 1,878 1,867 +0.6% 1.58 4.1 1,188.6/sq mi (458.9/km2)
Troy City Lincoln 938 957 −2.0% 0.76 2.0 1,234.2/sq mi (476.5/km2)
Twin Bridges Town Madison 375 400 −6.2% 0.96 2.5 390.6/sq mi (150.8/km2)
Valier Town Pondera 509 498 +2.2% 0.92 2.4 553.3/sq mi (213.6/km2)
Virginia CityCounty seat Town Madison 190 130 +46.2% 0.95 2.5 200.0/sq mi (77.2/km2)
Walkerville Town Silver Bow 675 714 −5.5% 2.23 5.8 302.7/sq mi (116.9/km2)
West Yellowstone Town Gallatin 1,271 1,177 +8.0% 0.80 2.1 1,588.8/sq mi (613.4/km2)
Westby Town Sheridan 168 172 −2.3% 0.54 1.4 311.1/sq mi (120.1/km2)
White Sulphur SpringsCounty seat City Meagher 939 984 −4.6% 1.01 2.6 929.7/sq mi (359.0/km2)
Whitefish City Flathead 6,357 5,032 +26.3% 6.43 16.7 988.6/sq mi (381.7/km2)
Whitehall Town Jefferson 1,038 1,044 −0.6% 0.67 1.7 1,549.3/sq mi (598.2/km2)
WibauxCounty seat Town Wibaux 589 567 +3.9% 1.08 2.8 545.4/sq mi (210.6/km2)
Winifred Town Fergus 208 156 +33.3% 0.50 1.3 416.0/sq mi (160.6/km2)
WinnettCounty seat Town Petroleum 182 185 −1.6% 0.98 2.5 185.7/sq mi (71.7/km2)
Wolf PointCounty seat City Roosevelt 2,621 2,663 −1.6% 0.87 2.3 3,012.6/sq mi (1,163.2/km2)
Total Towns 37,333 37,812 −1.3% 49.01 126.9 761.74/sq mi (294.11/km2)
Total Cities 494,659 446,572 +10.8% 1,685.57 4,365.6 293.47/sq mi (113.31/km2)
Total 531,992 484,384 +9.8% 1,734.58 4,492.5 306.70/sq mi (118.42/km2)

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i "GCT-PH1 – Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 – State — Place and (in selected states) County Subdivision". 2010 United States Census. United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 17, 2016. 
  2. ^ "Montana: 2010 Population and Housing Unit Counts 2010 Census of Population and Housing" (PDF). 2010 United States Census. United States Census Bureau. September 2012. p. 18. Retrieved June 17, 2016. 
  3. ^ Montana Legislature. "Classification of municipalities, Montana Code Annotated, (M.C.A.) 7-1-4124". Legislative Services Division. Retrieved July 30, 2016. 
  4. ^ Montana Legislature. "Classification of municipalities, Montana Code Annotated, (M.C.A.) 7-1-4111". Legislative Services Division. Retrieved July 30, 2016. 
  5. ^ Montana Legislature. "Classification of municipalities, Montana Code Annotated, (M.C.A.) 7-2-4101". Legislative Services Division. Retrieved July 30, 2016. 
  6. ^ Montana Legislature. "Exceptions from classification system, M.C.A. 7-1-4112". Legislative Services Division. Retrieved July 30, 2016.