List of cities and towns in Poland

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Map of Poland

A list of cities in Poland, preceded by a table of major Polish cities. The table ranks cities by population based on data from the Central Statistical Office of Poland. Note that in the Polish system of administration there is no difference between a city and a town. There are only cities (having city rights) and villages (which do not have city rights).

As of 1 January 2020, there are 944 cities and towns in Poland[1].

Polish cities belong to the following size ranges in terms of the number of inhabitants:

66 cities are cities with poviat rights. In Polish cities, public administration bodies are the city's president or mayor. The city council is the decision-making and control body.

Largest cities by Population[edit]

Below is the list of the most populated cities in Poland.[2][3] The seats of either a voivode, or a voivodeship legislature, are marked in bold.

Name Voivodeship Pop. 31 December
2019
Pop. Dec.
2007
Pop.
1999
Pop.
1970
Pop.
1960
Pop.
1950
Pop.
1900
Change 2020 - 2007
Warsaw  Masovian 1,790,658 1,706,624 1,618,468 1,315,648 1,139,189 822,036 756,400 4,92%
Kraków  Lesser Poland 779,115 766,583 740,666 583,444 481,296 343,638 120,300 1,63%
L|o|dz|Łódź  Łódź 679,941 753,192 806,728 762,699 709,698 620,273 351,600 -9,82%
Wrocław  Lower Silesian 642,869 632,930 643,877 526,000 430,522 308,925 422,700 1,60%
Poznań  Greater Poland 534,813 567,932 578,235 471,900 408,132 320,670 126,000 -5,83%
Gdańsk (part of Tricity metropolitan area)  Pomeranian 470,907 458,717 458,988 365,600 286,940 194,633 140,600 2,66%
Szczecin  West Pomeranian 401,907 410,811 416,988 338,000 269,318 178,907 210,700 -2,17%
Bydgoszcz  Kuyavian-Pomeranian 348,190 361,222 386,855 282,200 232,007 162,524 52,200 -3,61%
Lublin  Lublin 339,784 351,806 356,251 238,500 181,304 116,629 53,600 -3,42%
Białystok  Podlaskie 297,554 294,143 285,000 168,500 120,921 68,503 66,000 1,16%
Katowice

(centre of Katowice metropolitan area)

 Silesian 292,774 317,220 345,934 305,000 269,926 175,496 31,700 -7,71%
Gdynia (part of Tricity metropolitan area)  Pomeranian 246,348 250,242 253,521 191,500 147,625 103,458 900 -1,56%
Częstochowa  Silesian 220,433 242,300 257,812 188,189 164,906 112,198 53,700 -9,02%
Radom  Masovian 211,371 224,857 232,262 159,480 130,116 80,298 30,100 -6,00%
Toruń  Kuyavian-Pomeranian 201,447 206,619 211,955 129,872 104,906 80,637 29,600 -2,50%
Sosnowiec (part of Katowice metropolitan area)  Silesian 199,974 222,586 244,102 145,000 131,654 96,448 86,700 -10,16%
Rzeszów  Podkarpackie 196,208 166,454 162,049 83,105 62,526 28,133 18,300 17,88%
Kielce  Świętokrzyskie 194,852 205,902 212,383 126,950 89,500 61,332 23,200 -5,37%
Gliwice (part of Katowice metropolitan area)  Silesian 178,603 197,393 212,164 172,000 135,300 119,968 52,400 -9,52%
Zabrze (part of Katowice metropolitan area)  Silesian 172,360 189,062 200,177 197,840 190,049 172,355 26,000 -8,82%
Olsztyn  Warmian-Masurian 171,979 175,710 171,131 94,753 67,887 43,831 24,300 -2,12%
Bielsko-Biała  Silesian 170,663 175,690 178,963 106,200 75,527 17,400 -2,86%
Bytom (part of Katowice metropolitan area)  Silesian 165,263 184,765 205,560 187,500 182,578 173,955 51,400 -10,56%
Zielona Góra  Lubusz 141,222 117,523 118,182 73,485 54,291 31,634 21,000 20,17%
Rybnik  Silesian 138,098 141,080 144,582 43,700 34,099 27,222 7,200 -2,11%
Ruda Śląska (part of Katowice metropolitan area)  Silesian 137,360 144,584 159,665 143,122 131,667 33,962 14,800 -4,99%
Opole  Opole 128,035 126,748 129,553 86,900 63,500 38,464 30,100 1,02%
Tychy (part of Katowice metropolitan area)  Silesian 127,590 129,776 133,178 71,500 49,914 4,900 -1,68%
Gorzów Wielkopolski  Lubusz 123,609 125,411 126,019 74,782 58,671 32,825 33,600 -1,43%
Płock  Masovian 119,425 126,968 131,011 71,900 42,798 33,128 27,000 -5,94%
Dąbrowa Górnicza (part of Katowice metropolitan area)  Silesian 119,373 128,795 131,037 61,700 55,720 32,446 3,000 -7,32%
Elbląg  Warmian-Masurian 119,317 126,710 129,782 90,051 76,513 48,112 52,500 -5,83%
Wałbrzych  Lower Silesian 111,356 123,635 136,923 125,200 117,209 93,842 16,400 -9,93%
Włocławek  Kuyavian-Pomeranian 109,883 118,432 123,373 82,599 66,820 54,536 23,000 -7,22%
Tarnów  Lesser Poland 108,470 116,118 118,297 85,929 70,835 37,405 31,700 -6,58%
Chorzów (part of Katowice metropolitan area)  Silesian 107,807 113,678 121,708 151,946 147,037 129,456 57,900 -5,16%
Koszalin  West Pomeranian 107,048 107,376 109,941 65,200 44,410 18,940 20,400 -0,31%
Kalisz  Greater Poland 100,246 108,031 106,641 81,454 69,946 55,542 22,000 -7,21%
Legnica  Lower Silesian 99,350 104,754 109,335 76,000 64,185 39,010 54,900 -5,16%
Grudziądz  Kuyavian-Pomeranian 94,368 99,090 102,434 75,668 64,965 45,327 32,700 -4,77%
Jaworzno (part of Katowice metropolitan area)  Silesian 91,115 96,600 99,800 63,600 53,089 20,229 17,500 -5,67%
Słupsk  Pomeranian 90,681 97,419 102,370 68,939 53,383 33,115 27,300 -6,92%
Jastrzębie Zdrój  Silesian 88,743 93,939 102,294 24,500 1,700 -5,53%
Nowy Sącz  Lesser Poland 83,794 84,468 83,911 41,300 34,179 26,216
Jelenia Góra  Lower Silesian 79,061 86,220 93,407 55,900 49,617 34,996
Siedlce  Masovian 78,185 76,939 76,056 39,280 32,587 25,322
Mysłowice (part of Katowice metropolitan area)  Silesian 74,618 74,912 76,231 44,700 40,228 35,720
Konin  Greater Poland 73,522 80,140 83,462 40,794 17,638 12,145
Piła  Greater Poland 73,139 74,687 79,568 43,992 33,785 21,085 18,405
Piotrków Trybunalski  Łódź 73,090 78,475 81,433 59,843 52,782 42,289
Inowrocław  Kuyavian-Pomeranian 72,561 75,681 79,517 54,911 47,267 38,005
Lubin  Lower Silesian 72,300 76,306 82,711 28,900 5,471 2,743
Ostrów Wielkopolski  Greater Poland 71,931 72,360 74,635 49,705 42,579 32,787 11,800
Suwałki  Podlaskie 69,758 69,281 68,815 25,572 19,868 15,456
Ostrowiec Świętokrzyski  Świętokrzyskie 68,338 73,111 79,047 50,147 38,108 20,273
Gniezno  Greater Poland 68,217 69,732 71,460 50,926 44,080 36,039
Stargard  West Pomeranian 67,837 70,217 74,166 44,640 33,650 20,684
Głogów  Lower Silesian 66,980 68,297 74,294 20,558 9,179 3,825
Siemianowice Śląskie (part of Katowice metropolitan area)  Silesian 66,841 71,621 75,218 67,401 62,411 52,994
Pabianice  Łódź 64,757 69,842 74,689 62,402 56,222 48,817
Leszno  Greater Poland 63,505 64,057 62,597 33,985 29,157 22,572
Zamość  Lublin 63,437 66,375 67,099 35,114 27,638 21,558 11,300
Łomża  Podlaskie 62,945 63,036 64,915 25,800 19,876 14,839
Żory  Silesian 62,472 62,008 63,683 8,700 6,795 5,037
Pruszków  Masovian 62,317 55,621 53,295 43,366 38,016 27,583
Ełk  Warmian-Masurian 62,109 56,698 56,464 27,400 21,952 13,665
Tomaszów Mazowiecki  Łódź 61,960 66,232 69,389 55,011 48,546 39,391
Chełm  Lublin 61,932 67,782 70,759 39,135 31,108 20,550
Tarnowskie Góry  Silesian 61,686 60,975 63,126 34,400 28,612 23,115
Przemyśl  Podkarpackie 60,689 66,867 68,345 53,509 47,442 32,948
Kędzierzyn-Koźle  Opole 60,481 65,161 69,875
Stalowa Wola  Podkarpackie 60,466 64,988 71,805 30,100 22,932 7,167
Mielec  Podkarpackie 60,232 61,005 64,455 27,000 22,132 9,205
Tczew  Pomeranian 59,951 60,271 61,124 41,000 33,696 24,619 12,808
Biała Podlaska  Lublin 57,170 57,783 58,599 26,500 20,148 13,345
Bełchatów  Łódź 56,973 61,496 61,018 9,250 7,327 5,146
Świdnica  Lower Silesian 56,803 59,998 65,016 47,673 39,078 27,805 28,439
Będzin  Silesian 56,354 58,639 60,084 42,800 39,478 34,410
Zgierz  Łódź 56,190 58,164 58,862 43,025 36,666 26,169
Piekary Śląskie (part of Katowice metropolitan area)  Silesian 55,030 59,061 61,753 36,400 32,226 22,944
Racibórz  Silesian 54,739 56,919 64,093 40,600 32,523 26,447 25,250
Legionowo  Masovian 53,886 51,058 51,301 20,836 19,835
Ostrołęka  Masovian 52,055 54,109 55,511 22,187 15,216 10,409
Świętochłowice (part of Katowice metropolitan area)  Silesian 49,557 54,525 57,174 57,842 57,422 56,663 37,952

All towns alphabetically[edit]

A[edit]

B[edit]

Ba-Be[edit]

Bi-Bl[edit]

Bo-Br[edit]

Bu-By[edit]

C[edit]

Ce-Ch[edit]

Ci-Cz[edit]

Ć[edit]

D[edit]

Da-Do[edit]

Dr-Dz[edit]

E[edit]

F[edit]

G[edit]

Ga-Gn[edit]

Go - Gó[edit]

Gr-Gu[edit]

H[edit]

I[edit]

J[edit]

K[edit]

Ka-Kc[edit]

Ke-Kn[edit]

Ko[edit]

Kr-Kw[edit]

L[edit]

La-Li[edit]

Lu-Lw[edit]

Ł[edit]

M[edit]

Ma[edit]

Mi[edit]

Mo-My[edit]

N[edit]

Na-Ni[edit]

No-Ny[edit]

O[edit]

Ob-Or[edit]

Os-Oz[edit]

P[edit]

Pa-Pe[edit]

Pi-Pl[edit]

Pn-Po[edit]

Pr-Py[edit]

R[edit]

Ra[edit]

Re-Rz[edit]

S[edit]

Sa-Si[edit]

Sk-Sl[edit]

So[edit]

St[edit]

Su-Sy[edit]

Sz[edit]

Ś[edit]

T[edit]

U[edit]

W[edit]

Wa-Wę[edit]

Wi-Wł[edit]

Wo-Wy[edit]

Z[edit]

Ż[edit]

Localities by Population[edit]

According to the law there are two main types of localities (Polish: miejscowość):[4]

  • a) independent localities (miejscowość samodzielna) called in register as basic localities (miejscowość podstawowa) - e.g. a city/town and a village, these are always independent localities, and
  • b) not independent localities (miejscowość niesamodzielna) integral parts of localities, each of which belongs to some basic locality - e.g. part of city/town, part of village, hamlet and housing estate, these are always not independent localities, however e.g. settlement and colony, these can be independent or not independent localities.

In 2015 there was 103,086 official names of localities and their parts, including (23 types):[5]

  • 915 names of cities and towns (miasto),
6,710 names of parts of cities and towns (część miasta),
  • 43,069 names of villages (wieś),
36,262 names of parts of villages (część wsi),
520 names of settlements of villages (osada wsi),
974 names of colonies of villages (kolonia wsi),
224 names of forest settlements of villages (osada leśna wsi),
5 names of housing estates of villages (osiedle wsi),
4,619 names of hamlets of villages (przysiółek wsi),
  • 5,132 names of settlements (osada),
10 names of parts of settlements (część osady),
3 names of settlements of settlements (osada osady),
6 names of colonies of settlements (kolonia osady),
56 names of hamlets of settlements (przysiółek osady),
  • 2,203 names of colonies (kolonia),
200 names of parts of colonies (część kolonii),
0 names of settlements of colonies (osada kolonii),
11 names of colonies of colonies (kolonia kolonii),
41 names of hamlets of colonies (przysiółek kolonii),
  • 1,966 names of forest settlements (osada leśna),
  • 5 names of housing estates (osiedle),
  • 133 names of hamlets (przysiółek),
  • 22 names of tourist refuges (schronisko turystyczne).

Thus, there are 53,445 of independent localities, called basic localities (8 types: "urban" - cities/towns, "rural" - villages, settlements, colonies, forest settlements, housing estates, hamlets and tourist refuges) and 49,641 of not independent localities, integral parts of basic localities (15 types: "urban" - parts of cities and towns, "rural" - parts of villages, settlements of villages, colonies of villages, forest settlements of villages, housing estates of villages, hamlets of villages, parts of settlements, settlements of settlements, colonies of settlements, hamlets of settlements, parts of colonies, settlements of colonies, colonies of colonies and hamlets of colonies).

A statistical locality (miejscowość statystyczna)[4] is a separated collection of several localities (out of all 23 types) for statistical purposes, for which statistical data are collected and compiled together. In a special case, the team may contain only one locality. There are two types of statistical localities:

I - city/town (miasto) including one "urban" basic locality and their integral parts, and
II - rural locality (miejscowość wiejska) including at least one "rural" basic locality and their integral parts.

In 2011 there was 42,490 of statistical localities.[6] Thus, a large number (approx. 11,000) of the "rural" basic localities is taken together under the statistical localities (however, this data do not stipulate how many of tham are fully uninhabited).

Statistical localities size Number Population
1,000,000 1 1,700,612
500,000 4 2,671,330
200,000 12 3,518,990
100,000 22 3,009,265
50,000 47 3,206,433
20,000 136 4,297,334
10,000 188 2,748,473
5,000 247 1,694,912
2,000 1,002 2,940,490
1,000 2,086 2,843,085
500 4,982 3,445,440
200 13,558 4,256,516
100 11,034 1,608,450
0 9,171 570,494
Total 42,490 38,511,824

Footnotes[edit]

See also[edit]

External links[edit]