List of cities in Africa by population

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The following is a list of the 100 largest cities in Africa by city proper population using the most recent official estimate. This reflects only cities located geographically in Africa including nearby islands.

The largest city in Central Africa and on the whole of the continent: Kinshasa, the capital of the Democratic Republic of the Congo.
Lagos, Nigeria is the second largest city in Africa and one of the primary economic hubs for the continent.
Cairo, Egypt had formerly been the largest city in Africa, until having recently been overtaken by the fast-growing Lagos and Kinshasa.
Skyline of Giza, a mega-suburb of Cairo and the second largest city in Egypt with over 8 million inhabitants.
Aerial view of Johannesburg showing the City of Johannesburg Metropolitan Municipality, the largest city and economic hub of South Africa and all of southern Africa.
Skyline of Dar es Salaam: the largest city in Tanzania and eastern Africa.
Seaside of Egypt's third largest city and ancient capital: Alexandria.
Skyline of Nairobi: the largest and capital city of Kenya, largest megalopolis in eastern Africa and the region's financial and economic capital.
Cape Town, South Africa's second largest city as well as its legislative capital, and the southernmost city in Africa.
Oceanside of Luanda, the capital of Angola and a major hub for the continent's fossil fuel industry.
Space view of Algiers, the capital of Algeria and an economic center of the Maghreb region.
A view of Oran, the second largest city in Algeria.

List of city proper in Africa by population[edit]

Bold represents largest city in country, Italics represents capital city.

Rank City Country Population Date of estimate
1 Kinshasa  Democratic Republic of the Congo 14,950,000 2021
2 Lagos  Nigeria 14,862,000 2021
3 Cairo  Egypt 9,908,788 2020
4 Giza  Egypt 8,800,000 2018
5 Johannesburg  South Africa 5,880,000 2011
6 Dar es Salaam  Tanzania 5,550,000 2016
7 Alexandria  Egypt 5,200,000 2018
8 Abidjan  Cote d'Ivoire 4,980,000 2016
9 Nairobi  Kenya 4,720,000 2016
10 Cape Town  South Africa 4,604,986 2020[1]
11 Casablanca  Morocco 4,370,000 2014
12 Accra  Ghana 4,200,000 2020
13 Ekurhuleni (East Rand)  South Africa 3,982,223 2020[1]
14 Durban (eThekwini)  South Africa 3,981,205 2020[1]
15 Tshwane (Pretoria)  South Africa 3,729,104 2020[1]
16 Kano  Nigeria 3,550,000 2021
17 Kumasi  Ghana 3,206,000 2019
18 Tripoli  Libya 3,072,000 2020
19 Addis Ababa  Ethiopia 3,040,000 2012
20 Luanda  Angola 2,570,000 2019
21 Ibadan  Nigeria 2,560,000 2006
22 Algiers  Algeria 2,364,230 2008[2]
23 Douala  Cameroon 1,906,962 2005
24 Omdurman  Sudan 1,849,659 2008
25 Yaoundé  Cameroon 1,817,524 2005
26 Bamako  Mali 1,816,366 2009
27 Lusaka  Zambia 1,747,152 2010
28 Conakry  Guinea 1,660,973 2014
29 Mogadishu  Somalia 1,650,227 2014
30 Kampala  Uganda 1,650,800 2019
31 Mombasa  Kenya 1,500,000 2018
32 Harare  Zimbabwe 1,485,231 2012
33 Lomé  Togo 1,477,658 2010
34 Ouagadougou  Burkina Faso 1,475,223 2006
35 Khartoum  Sudan 1,410,858 2008
36 Brazzaville  Republic of the Congo 1,373,382 2007
37 Antananarivo  Madagascar 1,334,300 2014
38 Lubumbashi  Democratic Republic of the Congo 1,283,380 2004
39 Kisumu  Kenya 1,268,826 2018
40 Mbuji-Mayi  Democratic Republic of the Congo 1,213,726 2004
41 Gqeberha (Port Elizabeth)  South Africa 1,213,060 2020[1]
42 Shubra el-Kheima  Egypt 1,187,747 2018
43 Dakar  Senegal 1,150,000 2013
44 Benin City  Nigeria 1,147,188 2006
45 Kigali  Rwanda 1,132,000 2020
46 Fez  Morocco 1,112,072 2014
47 Bujumbura  Burundi 1,112,057 2019
48 Freetown  Sierra Leone 1,055,964 2015
49 Maputo  Mozambique 1,032,197 2017
50 Monrovia  Liberia 1,021,762 2008
51 Khartoum North  Sudan 1,012,211 2008
52 Port Harcourt  Nigeria 1,005,904 2006
53 Lilongwe  Malawi 989,318 2018
54 Niamey  Niger 978,029 2012
55 Nouakchott  Mauritania 958,399 2013
56 N'Djamena  Chad 951,418 2009
57 Tangier  Morocco 947,952 2014
58 Marrakesh  Morocco 928,850 2014
59 Salé  Morocco 890,403 2014
60 Bukavu  Democratic Republic of the Congo 870,954 2016
61 Mangaung (Bloemfontein)  South Africa 870,920 2020[1]
62 Jos  Nigeria 821,608 2006
63 Oran  Algeria 803,329 2008[2]
64 East London (eMonti)  South Africa 800,874 2020[1]
65 Blantyre  Malawi 800,264 2018
66 Ilorin  Nigeria 777,667 2006
67 Abuja  Nigeria 776,298 2006
68 Asmara  Eritrea 775,000 2014
69 Port Said  Egypt 760,152 2018
70 Kaduna  Nigeria 760,084 2006
71 Touba  Senegal 753,315 2013
72 Hargeisa  Somalia 741,000 2014
73 Suez  Egypt 740,874 2018
74 Enugu  Nigeria 722,664 2006
75 Kananga  Democratic Republic of the Congo 720,362 2004
76 Pointe-Noire  Republic of the Congo 715,334 2007
77 Mwanza  Tanzania 706,453 2012
78 Libreville  Gabon 703,940 2013
79 Zaria  Nigeria 695,089 2006
80 Kisangani  Democratic Republic of the Congo 682,599 2004
81 Cotonou  Benin 679,012 2013
82 Nampula  Mozambique 663,212 2017
83 Bulawayo  Zimbabwe 653,337 2012
84 Tunis  Tunisia 638,845 2014
85 Bangui  Central African Republic 622,771 2003
86 Beira  Mozambique 592,090 2017
87 Rabat  Morocco 577,827 2014
88 Kolwezi  Democratic Republic of the Congo 572,942 2015
89 El Mansoura  Egypt 570,271 2018
90 Benghazi  Libya 562,067 2012[3]
91 Warri  Nigeria 557,398 2006
92 El Mahalla el-Kubra  Egypt 543,271 2018
93 Maiduguri  Nigeria 543,016 2006
94 Bouaké  Cote d'Ivoire 536,719 2014
95 Ikorodu  Nigeria 535,619 2006
96 Aba  Nigeria 534,265 2006
97 Tanta  Egypt 528,670 2018
98 Meknes  Morocco 520,428 2014
99 Ife  Nigeria 509,035 2006
100 Zanzibar City  Tanzania 501,459 2013

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g "P0302 - Mid-year population estimates, 2020". Stats SA. Statistics South Africa. 9 July 2020. p. District Council projection by sex and age (2002-2020). Retrieved 5 February 2021.
  2. ^ a b "Algeria: The provinces of the People's Democratic Republic of Algeria as well as all cities of over 25,000 inhabitants". CITYPOPULATION. Archived from the original on 2014-08-17. Retrieved 2021-04-07.
  3. ^ Last census was in 1984. 2012 unofficial estimate.