List of cities in Alaska

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Map of the United States with Alaska highlighted

Alaska is a state of the United States in the northwest extremity of the North American continent. According to the 2020 United States Census, Alaska is the 3rd least populous state with 733,391 inhabitants but is the largest by land area spanning 570,640.95 square miles (1,477,953.3 km2).[1] Alaska is divided administratively into 19 organized boroughs and one Unorganized Borough (which is divided into 11 non-administrative census areas) and contains 149 incorporated cities: four unified home rule municipalities, which are considered both boroughs and cities; ten home rule cities; nineteen first class cities; and 116 second class cities.[2] Alaska's incorporated cities cover only 2.1% of the territory's land mass but are home to 69.92% of its population.[1] The majority of the incorporated land mass consists of the four unified municipalities, each over 1,700 square miles (4,400 km2) in size. Only two other cities have an incorporated area exceeding 100 square miles (260 km2): Unalaska, which includes the fishing port of Dutch Harbor, and Valdez, which includes the terminus of the Trans-Alaska Pipeline System.

Incorporated cities in Alaska are categorized as either "general law" (subdivided into "first class" and "second class") or "home rule".[3] In general, the powers and functions of general law cities and home rule cities are substantially the same, with all legislative powers not prohibited by law or charter. Apart from duties such as conducting elections and holding regular meetings of the governing bodies, the duties of local cities vary considerably and are determined at the local level. Home rule cities and first class cities in the unorganized borough must, however, operate municipal school districts, exercise planning, and land use regulations while organized boroughs take on these responsibilities unless delegated to the city by the borough. Unified home rule cities (and other boroughs) also have the duty to collect municipal property and sales tax for use in their jurisdiction. Home rule cities occur when a community establishes a commission to draft a charter, which is then ratified by voters at an election. Title 29 of the Alaska Statutes, which covers municipal government, requires that a community must have at least 400 permanent residents to incorporate as a home rule or first class city.[4] This status does not diminish if a city's population declines; one home rule city (Nenana) and four first class cities (Hydaburg, Pelican, Seldovia and Tanana) reported populations falling below that threshold in the 2010 Census.[1]

The largest municipality by population in Alaska is Anchorage with 291,247 residents or approximately 39.7% of the state population.[1] The smallest municipality by population is Bettles with 12 residents.[1] The largest municipality by land area is Sitka which spans 2,870.34 sq mi (7,434.1 km2), while Kiana is the smallest at 0.19 sq mi (0.49 km2).[1] The first city to incorporate was Ketchikan in 1901 and the newest municipality is Whale Pass which incorporated in 2017.[5][6]

Incorporated cities[edit]

State capital  State capital

Burough seat  Borough seat

Name Class[7] Borough or Census Area[8] Incorporated[5] Population
(2020)[9]
Population
(2010)[9]
Change Land area
(2010)[9]
Population density
sq mi km2
Adak Second Class Aleutians West (CA) 2001 171 326 −47.5% 33.98 88.0
Akhiok Second Class Kodiak Island 1974 0 71 −100.0% 7.77 20.1
Akiak Second Class Bethel (CA) 1970 462 346 +33.5% 2.10 5.4 220.0/sq mi (84.9/km2)
Akutan Second Class Aleutians East 1979 1,589 1,027 +54.7% 13.83 35.8 114.9/sq mi (44.4/km2)
Alakanuk Second Class Kusilvak (CA) 1969 0 677 −100.0% 29.53 76.5
Aleknagik Second Class Dillingham (CA) 1973 0 219 −100.0% 24.53 63.5
Allakaket Second Class Yukon-Koyukuk (CA) 1975 0 105 −100.0% 3.01 7.8
Ambler Second Class Northwest Arctic 1971 0 258 −100.0% 8.98 23.3
Anaktuvuk Pass Second Class North Slope 1959 0 324 −100.0% 4.83 12.5
Anchorage Unified Home Rule Anchorage 1975 291,247 291,826 −0.2% 1,704.68 4,415.1 170.9/sq mi (66.0/km2)
Anderson Second Class Denali[a] 1962 0 246 −100.0% 43.74 113.3
Angoon Second Class Hoonah-Angoon (CA) 1963 0 459 −100.0% 24.41 63.2
Aniak Second Class Bethel (CA) 1972 507 501 +1.2% 6.42 16.6 79.0/sq mi (30.5/km2)
Anvik Second Class Yukon-Koyukuk (CA) 1969 0 85 −100.0% 9.68 25.1
Atka Second Class Aleutians West (CA) 1988 53 61 −13.1% 8.74 22.6 6.1/sq mi (2.3/km2)
Atqasuk Second Class North Slope 1982 0 233 −100.0% 38.71 100.3
Bethel Second Class Bethel (CA) 1957 6,325 6,080 +4.0% 43.18 111.8 146.5/sq mi (56.6/km2)
Bettles Second Class Yukon-Koyukuk (CA) 1985 0 12 −100.0% 1.74 4.5
Brevig Mission Second Class Nome (CA) 1969 0 388 −100.0% 2.56 6.6
Buckland Second Class Northwest Arctic 1966 0 416 −100.0% 1.41 3.7
Chefornak Second Class Bethel (CA) 1974 506 418 +21.1% 5.72 14.8 88.5/sq mi (34.2/km2)
Chevak Second Class Kusilvak (CA) 1967 0 938 −100.0% 0.99 2.6
Chignik Second Class Lake and Peninsula 1983 0 91 −100.0% 11.39 29.5
Chuathbaluk Second Class Bethel (CA) 1975 104 118 −11.9% 3.47 9.0 30.0/sq mi (11.6/km2)
Clark's Point Second Class Dillingham (CA) 1971 0 62 −100.0% 3.07 8.0
Coffman Cove Second Class Prince of Wales-Hyder (CA) 1989 0 176 −100.0% 11.93 30.9
Cold Bay Second Class Aleutians East 1981 50 108 −53.7% 53.21 137.8 0.9/sq mi (0.4/km2)
Cordova Home Rule Valdez-Cordova (CA) 1909 0 2,239 −100.0% 59.97 155.3
Craig First Class Prince of Wales-Hyder (CA) 1922 0 1,201 −100.0% 7.20 18.6
Deering Second Class Northwest Arctic 1970 0 122 −100.0% 5.05 13.1
Delta Junction Second Class Southeast Fairbanks (CA) 1960 0 958 −100.0% 16.82 43.6
Dillingham First Class Dillingham (CA) 1963 0 2,329 −100.0% 33.57 86.9
Diomede Second Class Nome (CA) 1970 0 115 −100.0% 2.84 7.4
Eagle Second Class Southeast Fairbanks (CA) 1901 0 86 −100.0% 1.00 2.6
Edna Bay[b] Second Class Prince of Wales-Hyder (CA) 2014[10] 0 0 NA 58.80 152.3
Eek Second Class Bethel (CA) 1970 404 296 +36.5% 0.91 2.4
Egegik Second Class Lake and Peninsula 1995 0 109 −100.0% 33.03 85.5
Ekwok Second Class Dillingham (CA) 1974 0 115 −100.0% 16.27 42.1
Elim Second Class Nome (CA) 1970 0 330 −100.0% 2.42 6.3
Emmonak Second Class Kusilvak (CA) 1964 0 762 −100.0% 7.67 19.9
FairbanksBurough seat Home Rule Fairbanks North Star 1903[11] 32,515 31,535 +3.1% 31.69 82.1
False Pass Second Class Aleutians East 1990 397 35 +1,034.3% 26.98 69.9 14.7/sq mi (5.7/km2)
Fort Yukon Second Class Yukon-Koyukuk (CA) 1959 0 583 −100.0% 7.25 18.8
Galena First Class Yukon-Koyukuk (CA) 1971 0 470 −100.0% 17.73 45.9
Gambell Second Class Nome (CA) 1963 0 681 −100.0% 10.90 28.2
Golovin Second Class Nome (CA) 1971 0 156 −100.0% 3.72 9.6
Goodnews Bay Second Class Bethel (CA) 1970 258 243 +6.2% 3.72 9.6 69.4/sq mi (26.8/km2)
Grayling Second Class Yukon-Koyukuk (CA) 1969 0 194 −100.0% 10.96 28.4
Gustavus Second Class Hoonah-Angoon (CA) 2004 0 442 −100.0% 32.81 85.0
Holy Cross Second Class Yukon-Koyukuk (CA) 1968 0 178 −100.0% 30.19 78.2
Homer First Class Kenai Peninsula 1964 5,522 5,003 +10.4% 13.83 35.8
Hoonah First Class Hoonah-Angoon (CA) 1946 0 760 −100.0% 6.01 15.6
Hooper Bay Second Class Kusilvak (CA) 1966 0 1,093 −100.0% 8.22 21.3
Houston Second Class Matanuska-Susitna 1966 0 1,912 −100.0% 22.40 58.0
Hughes Second Class Yukon-Koyukuk (CA) 1973 0 77 −100.0% 3.01 7.8
Huslia Second Class Yukon-Koyukuk (CA) 1969 0 275 −100.0% 16.43 42.6
Hydaburg First Class Prince of Wales-Hyder (CA) 1927 0 376 −100.0% 0.58 1.5
JuneauState capital Unified Home Rule Juneau 1970 32,255 31,275 +3.1% 2,701.93 6,998.0
Kachemak Second Class Kenai Peninsula 1961 0 472 −100.0% 1.64 4.2
Kake First Class Petersburg[c] 1952 0 557 −100.0% 8.96 23.2
Kaktovik Second Class North Slope 1971 0 239 −100.0% 0.72 1.9
Kaltag Second Class Yukon-Koyukuk (CA) 1969 0 190 −100.0% 21.59 55.9
Kasaan Second Class Prince of Wales-Hyder (CA) 1976 0 49 −100.0% 6.00 15.5
Kenai Home Rule Kenai Peninsula 1960 7,424 7,100 +4.6% 28.59 74.0
KetchikanBurough seat Home Rule Ketchikan Gateway 1900 8,192 8,050 +1.8% 4.35 11.3
Kiana Second Class Northwest Arctic 1964 0 361 −100.0% 0.19 0.49
King Cove First Class Aleutians East 1947 757 938 −19.3% 25.68 66.5 29.5/sq mi (11.4/km2)
Kivalina Second Class Northwest Arctic 1969 0 374 −100.0% 1.50 3.9
Klawock First Class Prince of Wales-Hyder (CA) 1929 0 755 −100.0% 0.77 2.0
Kobuk Second Class Northwest Arctic 1973 0 151 −100.0% 16.22 42.0
KodiakBurough seat Home Rule Kodiak Island 1940 5,581 6,130 −9.0% 3.49 9.0
Kotlik Second Class Kusilvak (CA) 1970 0 577 −100.0% 3.78 9.8
KotzebueBurough seat Second Class Northwest Arctic 1958 0 3,201 −100.0% 26.92 69.7
Koyuk Second Class Nome (CA) 1970 0 332 −100.0% 4.77 12.4
Koyukuk Second Class Yukon-Koyukuk (CA) 1973 0 96 −100.0% 5.60 14.5
Kupreanof Second Class Petersburg 1975 0 27 −100.0% 3.69 9.6
Kwethluk Second Class Bethel (CA) 1975 812 721 +12.6% 10.06 26.1 80.7/sq mi (31.2/km2)
Larsen Bay Second Class Kodiak Island 1974 0 87 −100.0% 5.39 14.0
Lower Kalskag Second Class Bethel (CA) 1969 278 282 −1.4% 1.22 3.2 227.9/sq mi (88.0/km2)
Manokotak Second Class Dillingham (CA) 1970 0 442 −100.0% 35.74 92.6
Marshall Second Class Kusilvak (CA) 1970 0 414 −100.0% 4.58 11.9
McGrath Second Class Yukon-Koyukuk (CA) 1975 0 346 −100.0% 47.32 122.6
Mekoryuk Second Class Bethel (CA) 1969 206 191 +7.9% 6.37 16.5 32.3/sq mi (12.5/km2)
Mountain Village Second Class Kusilvak (CA) 1967 0 813 −100.0% 4.54 11.8
Napakiak Second Class Bethel (CA) 1970 358 354 +1.1% 4.41 11.4 81.2/sq mi (31.3/km2)
Napaskiak Second Class Bethel (CA) 1971 509 405 +25.7% 3.63 9.4 140.2/sq mi (54.1/km2)
Nenana Home Rule Yukon-Koyukuk (CA) 1921 0 378 −100.0% 5.90 15.3
New Stuyahok Second Class Dillingham (CA) 1972 0 510 −100.0% 32.48 84.1
Newhalen Second Class Lake and Peninsula[d] 1971 0 190 −100.0% 5.90 15.3
Nightmute Second Class Bethel (CA) 1974 306 280 +9.3% 96.89 250.9 3.2/sq mi (1.2/km2)
Nikolai Second Class Yukon-Koyukuk (CA) 1970 0 94 −100.0% 4.60 11.9
Nome First Class Nome (CA) 1901 0 3,598 −100.0% 12.63 32.7
Nondalton Second Class Lake and Peninsula 1971 0 164 −100.0% 8.21 21.3
Noorvik Second Class Northwest Arctic 1964 0 668 −100.0% 0.94 2.4
North Pole Home Rule Fairbanks North Star 1953 0 2,117 −100.0% 4.17 10.8
Nuiqsut Second Class North Slope 1975 0 402 −100.0% 9.42 24.4
Nulato Second Class Yukon-Koyukuk (CA) 1963 0 264 −100.0% 41.56 107.6
Nunam Iqua Second Class Kusilvak (CA) 1974 0 187 −100.0% 12.13 31.4
Nunapitchuk Second Class Bethel (CA) 1969 594 496 +19.8% 7.46 19.3 79.6/sq mi (30.7/km2)
Old Harbor Second Class Kodiak Island 1966 0 218 −100.0% 20.53 53.2
Ouzinkie Second Class Kodiak Island 1967 0 161 −100.0% 5.46 14.1
PalmerBurough seat Home Rule Matanuska-Susitna 1951 5,888 5,937 −0.8% 5.15 13.3
Pelican First Class Hoonah-Angoon (CA) 1943 0 88 −100.0% 0.60 1.6
Pilot Point Second Class Lake and Peninsula 1992 0 68 −100.0% 26.14 67.7
Pilot Station Second Class Kusilvak (CA) 1969 0 568 −100.0% 1.69 4.4
Platinum Second Class Bethel (CA) 1975 55 61 −9.8% 45.07 116.7 1.2/sq mi (0.5/km2)
Point Hope Second Class North Slope 1966 0 674 −100.0% 4.82 12.5
Port Alexander Second Class Petersburg 1974 0 52 −100.0% 3.47 9.0
Port Heiden Second Class Lake and Peninsula 1972 0 102 −100.0% 50.63 131.1
Port Lions Second Class Kodiak Island 1966 0 194 −100.0% 6.38 16.5
Quinhagak Second Class Bethel (CA) 1975 776 669 +16.0% 4.37 11.3 177.6/sq mi (68.6/km2)
Ruby Second Class Yukon-Koyukuk (CA) 1973 0 166 −100.0% 7.63 19.8
Russian Mission Second Class Kusilvak (CA) 1970 0 312 −100.0% 5.58 14.5
Saint Paul Second Class Aleutians West (CA) 1971 413 479 −13.8% 40.31 104.4 10.2/sq mi (4.0/km2)
Sand PointBurough seat First Class Aleutians East 1966 578 976 −40.8% 7.70 19.9 75.1/sq mi (29.0/km2)
Savoonga Second Class Nome (CA) 1969 0 671 −100.0% 6.10 15.8
Saxman Second Class Ketchikan Gateway 1929 0 411 −100.0% 0.98 2.5
Scammon Bay Second Class Kusilvak (CA) 1967 0 474 −100.0% 0.62 1.6
Selawik Second Class Northwest Arctic 1977[e] 0 829 −100.0% 2.93 7.6
Seldovia First Class Kenai Peninsula 1945 0 255 −100.0% 0.37 0.96
Seward Home Rule Kenai Peninsula 1912 0 2,693 −100.0% 14.11 36.5
Shageluk Second Class Yukon-Koyukuk (CA) 1970 0 83 −100.0% 11.09 28.7
Shaktoolik Second Class Nome (CA) 1969 0 251 −100.0% 1.04 2.7
Shishmaref Second Class Nome (CA) 1969 0 563 −100.0% 2.22 5.7
Shungnak Second Class Northwest Arctic 1967 0 262 −100.0% 8.92 23.1
Sitka Unified Home Rule Sitka 1971 8,458 8,881 −4.8% 2,870.34 7,434.1
SoldotnaBurough seat Home Rule[12] Kenai Peninsula 1967 0 4,163 −100.0% 6.90 17.9
St. George Second Class Aleutians West (CA) 1983 67 102 −34.3% 34.75 90.0 1.9/sq mi (0.7/km2)
St. Mary's First Class Kusilvak (CA) 1967 0 507 −100.0% 44.29 114.7
St. Michael Second Class Nome (CA) 1969 0 401 −100.0% 20.02 51.9
Stebbins Second Class Nome (CA) 1969 0 556 −100.0% 36.37 94.2
Tanana First Class Yukon-Koyukuk (CA) 1961 0 246 −100.0% 11.04 28.6
Teller Second Class Nome (CA) 1963 0 229 −100.0% 1.89 4.9
Tenakee Springs Second Class Hoonah-Angoon (CA) 1971 0 131 −100.0% 14.19 36.8
Thorne Bay Second Class Prince of Wales-Hyder (CA) 1982 0 471 −100.0% 26.58 68.8
Togiak Second Class Dillingham (CA) 1969 0 817 −100.0% 44.42 115.0
Toksook Bay Second Class Bethel (CA) 1972 658 590 +11.5% 32.64 84.5 20.2/sq mi (7.8/km2)
Unalakleet Second Class Nome (CA) 1974 0 688 −100.0% 3.63 9.4
Unalaska First Class Aleutians West (CA) 1942 4,254 4,376 −2.8% 111.78 289.5 38.1/sq mi (14.7/km2)
Upper Kalskag Second Class Bethel (CA) 1975 212 210 +1.0% 3.69 9.6 57.5/sq mi (22.2/km2)
UtqiaġvikBurough seat(Barrow) First Class North Slope 1959 0 4,212 −100.0% 18.84 48.8
Valdez Home Rule Valdez-Cordova (CA) 1901 0 3,976 −100.0% 216.24 560.1
Wainwright Second Class North Slope 1962 0 556 −100.0% 17.94 46.5
Wales Second Class Nome (CA) 1964 0 145 −100.0% 2.52 6.5
Wasilla First Class Matanuska-Susitna 1974 9,054 7,831 +15.6% 12.38 32.1
Whale Pass[f] Second Class Prince of Wales-Hyder (CA) 2017[6] 0 0 NA 37.40 96.9
White Mountain Second Class Nome (CA) 1969 0 190 −100.0% 1.80 4.7
Whittier Second Class Valdez-Cordova (CA) 1969 0 220 −100.0% 12.27 31.8
Wrangell Unified Home Rule Wrangell 2008 0 2,369 −100.0% 2,541.48 6,582.4
Total[g] 496,565 457,229 +8.6% 12,182.77 31,553.2 40.8/sq mi (15.7/km2)
Notes
  1. ^ The Borough seat is Healy, a census-designated place.
  2. ^ Edna Bay incorporated in October 2014 and thus not included in the sums for the 2010
  3. ^ The Borough seat is Petersburg, a census-designated place.
  4. ^ The Borough seat is King Salmon, a census-designated place, and is located in neighboring Bristol Bay Borough.
  5. ^ A conflict as to the date exists between sources: 1996 Alaska Municipal Officials Directory (p. 136) gives 1977, while "Directory of Borough and City Officials 1974" (p. 72) gives December 23, 1963. It is unclear whether Selawik may have dissolved and later reincorporated its city government.
  6. ^ Whale Pass incorporated in 2017 and thus not included in the sums for the 2010.[6]
  7. ^ The totals reflect the 2010 Census numbers and thus include Petersburg, with a population of 2948 and a land area of 44.13 square miles (114.3 km2), which dissolved its city government in 2013 in favor of incorporating as a borough. [13]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f "GCT-PH1 — Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 — State – Place and (in selected states) County Subdivision". 2010 United States Census. United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved June 17, 2015.
  2. ^ 2015 Alaska Municipal Officials Directory. Juneau: Alaska Municipal League. 2015. p. ix.
  3. ^ "Municipal Government Structure in Alaska". Local Government On-Line, Division of Community and Regional Affairs, Alaska Department of Commerce, Community and Economic Development. September 15, 2003. Archived from the original on September 13, 2008. Retrieved July 16, 2008.
  4. ^ "Local Government In Alaska" (PDF). Alaska Department of Commerce, Community and Economic Development. February 2001. Archived from the original (PDF) on July 18, 2008. Retrieved July 16, 2008.
  5. ^ a b "Directory of Borough and City Officials 1974". Alaska Local Government. Juneau. XIII (2): 45. January 1974.
  6. ^ a b c Denning, Angela. "Whale Pass voters approve incorporation | KFSK". Retrieved 2017-01-10.
  7. ^ "Alaska Taxable 2011: Municipal Taxation - Rates and Policies" (PDF). Division of Community and Regional Affairs, Alaska Department of Commerce, Community and Economic Development. January 2012. Archived from the original (PDF) on April 25, 2013. Retrieved January 23, 2013.
  8. ^ "Background on Boroughs in Alaska" (PDF). Local Boundary Commission, Division of Community and Regional Affairs, Alaska Department of Commerce, Community and Economic Development. November 2000. Retrieved July 16, 2008.
  9. ^ a b c "U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved August 25, 2021.
  10. ^ Bell, Susan (September 10, 2014). "Edna Bay Incorporates as Alaska's Newest City" (PDF) (Press release). Juneau, Alaska: Commissioner's Office. Department of Commerce, Community, and Economic Development, Division of Community and Regional Affairs. Retrieved May 21, 2016.
  11. ^ 1996 Alaska Municipal Officials Directory. Juneau: Alaska Municipal League/Alaska Department of Community and Regional Affairs. January 1996. p. 55.
  12. ^ "Soldotna home-rule charter passes". Peninsula Clarion. Morris Publishing Group, LLC. Retrieved 20 September 2018.
  13. ^ Lagoudakis, Cindi; Menish-Meucci, Marilyn. "Fact Sheet". petersburgak.org. Petersburg Chamber of Commerce/Visitor Information Center. Retrieved June 23, 2018.