List of municipalities in Arizona

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Map of the United States with Arizona highlighted

Arizona is a state located in the Western United States. According to the 2010 United States Census, Arizona is the 16th most populous state with 6,392,017 inhabitants and the 6th largest by land area spanning 113,990.30 square miles (295,233.5 km2) of land.[1] Arizona is divided into 15 counties and contains 91 incorporated cities and towns. Incorporated places in Arizona are those that have been granted home rule, possessing a local government in the form of a city or town council. These cities and towns cover only 3.8% of the state's land mass but are home to 78.6% of its population.[1] Most of the population is concentrated within the Phoenix metropolitan area, with an 2010 census population of 4,192,887 (65.6% of the state population).

Phoenix is the capital and largest city by population in Arizona with 1,445,632 residents, is ranked as the fifth most populous city in the United States, and land area spanning 517.95 sq mi (1,341.5 km2) as of the 2010 census. The smallest municipality by population and land area is Winkelman with 353 residents in 0.75 sq mi (1.9 km2).[1] The oldest incorporated place in Arizona is Tucson which incorporated in 1877 and the most recent was the town of Tusayan which incorporated in March 2010.[2]

Municipal incorporation[edit]

The Arizona Constitution has, since its ratification in 1912, allowed for the creation of municipal corporations in any community with a population of 3,500 or greater.[3] According to the constitution, a municipal charter cannot be created by special laws or by the legislature, but rather by the communities themselves as provided by general law.[4] The population limit specified by the constitution was lowered by state law to a minimum of population of 1,500 for most locations, and further reduced to 500 for communities located within 10 miles (16 km) of a national park or national monument.[5] State law further restricts the incorporation of new municipalities within urbanized areas, which are defined as a specific buffer zone surrounding existing cities and towns.[6]

State law allows for the incorporation of a community as either a city or a town; the only additional requirement to incorporate as a city is a minimum population of 3,000.[7] Cities and towns in Arizona function largely in an identical manner, but cities are provided with additional powers that a town charter does not provide, limited primarily to certain powers regarding the regulation of utilities and construction within the city limits.[8] State law allows adjoining towns to merge and it allows a city to annex a town, but it does not allow cities to merge.[9][10] Additionally, a town may change its form of government to a city upon reaching the minimum population of 3,000.[11] There are, however, large communities that have remained incorporated as a town in spite of attaining a large population; Gilbert, with 267,918 residents, remains incorporated as a town.

Twenty Arizona municipalities were incorporated before 1912, when the state was admitted to the Union. As such, these cities and towns were incorporated by means other than those stipulated by current state law and the constitution. Phoenix, for example, was incorporated in 1881 by an act of the Territorial Legislature.[12]

List of cities and towns[edit]

County seat  County seat

State capital  State capital and county seat

Name Type[13] County Population
(2020)[14]
Population
(2010)[14]
Change Land area (2020)[15] Population density (2020) Incorporation year[16]
sq mi km2
Apache Junction City Pinal 38,499 35,840 +7.4% 35.07 90.8 1,097.8/sq mi (423.9/km2) 1978
Avondale City Maricopa 89,334 76,238 +17.2% 47.28 122.5 1,889.5/sq mi (729.5/km2) 1946
Benson City Cochise 5,355 5,105 +4.9% 41.64 107.8 128.6/sq mi (49.7/km2) 1924
Bisbee City Cochise 4,923 5,575 −11.7% 5.18 13.4 950.4/sq mi (366.9/km2) 1902
Buckeye City Maricopa 91,502 50,876 +79.9% 392.98 1,017.8 232.8/sq mi (89.9/km2) 1929
Bullhead City City Mohave 41,348 39,540 +4.6% 59.37 153.8 696.4/sq mi (268.9/km2) 1984
Camp Verde Town Yavapai 12,147 10,873 +11.7% 42.35 109.7 286.8/sq mi (110.7/km2) 1986
Carefree Town Maricopa 3,690 3,363 +9.7% 8.81 22.8 418.8/sq mi (161.7/km2) 1984
Casa Grande City Pinal 53,658 48,571 +10.5% 110.87 287.2 484.0/sq mi (186.9/km2) 1915
Cave Creek Town Maricopa 4,892 5,015 −2.5% 37.71 97.7 129.7/sq mi (50.1/km2) 1986
Chandler City Maricopa 275,987 236,123 +16.9% 65.30 169.1 4,226.4/sq mi (1,631.8/km2) 1920
Chino Valley Town Yavapai 13,020 10,817 +20.4% 62.42 161.7 208.6/sq mi (80.5/km2) 1970
Clarkdale Town Yavapai 4,424 4,097 +8.0% 10.18 26.4 434.6/sq mi (167.8/km2) 1957
CliftonCounty seat Town Greenlee 3,933 3,311 +18.8% 14.62 37.9 269.0/sq mi (103.9/km2) 1909
Colorado City Town Mohave 2,478 4,821 −48.6% 9.20 23.8 269.3/sq mi (104.0/km2) 1985
Coolidge City Pinal 13,218 11,825 +11.8% 76.27 197.5 173.3/sq mi (66.9/km2) 1945
Cottonwood City Yavapai 12,029 11,265 +6.8% 16.60 43.0 724.6/sq mi (279.8/km2) 1960
Dewey-Humboldt Town Yavapai 4,326 3,894 +11.1% 18.79 48.7 230.2/sq mi (88.9/km2) 2004
Douglas City Cochise 16,534 17,378 −4.9% 9.98 25.8 1,656.7/sq mi (639.7/km2) 1905
Duncan Town Greenlee 694 696 −0.3% 2.15 5.6 322.8/sq mi (124.6/km2) 1938
Eagar Town Apache 0 4,885 −100.0% 11.58 30.0 1948
El Mirage City Maricopa 35,805 31,797 +12.6% 9.90 25.6 3,616.7/sq mi (1,396.4/km2) 1951
Eloy City Pinal 15,635 16,631 −6.0% 113.57 294.1 137.7/sq mi (53.2/km2) 1949
FlagstaffCounty seat City Coconino 76,831 65,870 +16.6% 66.03 171.0 1,163.6/sq mi (449.3/km2) 1894
FlorenceCounty seat Town Pinal 26,785 25,536 +4.9% 62.62 162.2 427.7/sq mi (165.2/km2) 1908
Fountain Hills Town Maricopa 23,820 22,489 +5.9% 20.28 52.5 1,174.6/sq mi (453.5/km2) 1989
Fredonia Town Coconino 0 1,314 −100.0% 8.88 23.0 1956
Gila Bend Town Maricopa 0 1,922 −100.0% 64.37 166.7 1962
Gilbert Town Maricopa 267,918 208,453 +28.5% 68.57 177.6 3,907.2/sq mi (1,508.6/km2) 1920
Glendale City Maricopa 248,325 226,721 +9.5% 61.60 159.5 4,031.3/sq mi (1,556.5/km2) 1910
GlobeCounty seat City Gila 7,249 7,532 −3.8% 18.26 47.3 397.0/sq mi (153.3/km2) 1907
Goodyear City Maricopa 95,294 65,275 +46.0% 191.30 495.5 498.1/sq mi (192.3/km2) 1946
Guadalupe Town Maricopa 5,322 5,523 −3.6% 0.80 2.1 6,652.5/sq mi (2,568.5/km2) 1975
Hayden Town Gila 0 662 −100.0% 1.27 3.3 1956
HolbrookCounty seat City Navajo 0 5,053 −100.0% 17.34 44.9 1917
Huachuca City Town Cochise 0 1,853 −100.0% 2.83 7.3 1958
Jerome Town Yavapai 0 444 −100.0% 0.79 2.0 1889
Kearny Town Pinal 0 1,950 −100.0% 2.70 7.0 1959
KingmanCounty seat City Mohave 32,689 28,068 +16.5% 37.55 97.3 870.5/sq mi (336.1/km2) 1952
Lake Havasu City City Mohave 57,144 52,527 +8.8% 46.34 120.0 1,233.1/sq mi (476.1/km2) 1978
Litchfield Park City Maricopa 6,847 5,476 +25.0% 3.28 8.5 2,087.5/sq mi (806.0/km2) 1987
Mammoth Town Pinal 0 1,426 −100.0% 26.32 68.2 1958
Marana Town Pima 51,908 34,961 +48.5% 121.10 313.6 428.6/sq mi (165.5/km2) 1977
Maricopa City Pinal 58,125 43,482 +33.7% 42.46 110.0 1,368.9/sq mi (528.5/km2) 2003
Mesa City Maricopa 504,258 439,041 +14.9% 138.70 359.2 3,635.6/sq mi (1,403.7/km2) 1883
Miami Town Gila 0 1,837 −100.0% 0.89 2.3 1918
NogalesCounty seat City Santa Cruz 19,770 20,837 −5.1% 20.82 53.9 949.6/sq mi (366.6/km2) 1893
Oro Valley Town Pima 47,070 41,011 +14.8% 34.87 90.3 1,349.9/sq mi (521.2/km2) 1974
Page City Coconino 7,440 7,247 +2.7% 38.18 98.9 194.9/sq mi (75.2/km2) 1975
Paradise Valley Town Maricopa 12,658 12,820 −1.3% 15.38 39.8 823.0/sq mi (317.8/km2) 1961
ParkerCounty seat Town La Paz 0 3,083 −100.0% 21.98 56.9 1948
Patagonia Town Santa Cruz 0 913 −100.0% 1.29 3.3 1948
Payson Town Gila 16,351 15,301 +6.9% 19.35 50.1 845.0/sq mi (326.3/km2) 1973
Peoria City Maricopa 190,985 154,065 +24.0% 176.08 456.0 1,084.6/sq mi (418.8/km2) 1954
PhoenixState capital City Maricopa 1,608,139 1,445,632 +11.2% 518.00 1,341.6 3,104.5/sq mi (1,198.7/km2) 1881
Pima Town Graham 0 2,387 −100.0% 7.30 18.9 1916
Pinetop-Lakeside Town Navajo 0 4,282 −100.0% 11.15 28.9 1984
PrescottCounty seat City Yavapai 45,827 39,843 +15.0% 44.97 116.5 1,019.1/sq mi (393.5/km2) 1883
Prescott Valley Town Yavapai 46,785 38,822 +20.5% 40.47 104.8 1,156.0/sq mi (446.4/km2) 1978
Quartzsite Town La Paz 0 3,677 −100.0% 36.30 94.0 1989
Queen Creek Town Maricopa 59,519 26,361 +125.8% 40.32 104.4 1,476.2/sq mi (570.0/km2) 1989
SaffordCounty seat City Graham 10,129 9,566 +5.9% 9.27 24.0 1,092.7/sq mi (421.9/km2) 1901
Sahuarita Town Pima 34,134 25,259 +35.1% 31.69 82.1 1,077.1/sq mi (415.9/km2) 1994
San Luis City Yuma 35,257 25,505 +38.2% 34.03 88.1 1,036.1/sq mi (400.0/km2) 1979
Scottsdale City Maricopa 241,361 217,385 +11.0% 184.00 476.6 1,311.7/sq mi (506.5/km2) 1951
Sedona City Yavapai 9,684 10,031 −3.5% 18.26 47.3 530.3/sq mi (204.8/km2) 1988
Show Low City Navajo 11,732 10,660 +10.1% 65.50 169.6 179.1/sq mi (69.2/km2) 1953
Sierra Vista City Cochise 45,308 43,888 +3.2% 152.25 394.3 297.6/sq mi (114.9/km2) 1956
Snowflake Town Navajo 6,104 5,590 +9.2% 33.74 87.4 180.9/sq mi (69.9/km2) 1948
Somerton City Yuma 14,197 14,287 −0.6% 7.27 18.8 1,952.8/sq mi (754.0/km2) 1918
South Tucson City Pima 0 5,652 −100.0% 1.03 2.7 1940
Springerville Town Apache 0 1,961 −100.0% 11.50 29.8 1948
St. JohnsCounty seat City Apache 0 3,480 −100.0% 25.91 67.1 1946
Star Valley Town Gila 0 1,970 −100.0% 36.14 93.6 2005
Superior Town Pinal 0 2,837 −100.0% 1.96 5.1 1976
Surprise City Maricopa 143,148 117,517 +21.8% 110.30 285.7 1,297.8/sq mi (501.1/km2) 1960
Taylor Town Navajo 0 4,112 −100.0% 32.66 84.6 1966
Tempe City Maricopa 180,587 161,719 +11.7% 39.94 103.4 4,521.5/sq mi (1,745.7/km2) 1894
Thatcher Town Graham 5,231 4,865 +7.5% 6.60 17.1 792.6/sq mi (306.0/km2) 1899
Tolleson City Maricopa 7,216 6,545 +10.3% 5.73 14.8 1,259.3/sq mi (486.2/km2) 1929
Tombstone City Cochise 0 1,380 −100.0% 9.25 24.0 1881
TucsonCounty seat City Pima 542,629 520,116 +4.3% 240.99 624.2 2,251.7/sq mi (869.4/km2) 1877
Tusayan[a] Town Coconino 0 558 −100.0% 16.83 43.6[b] 2010
Wellton Town Yuma 0 2,882 −100.0% 28.88 74.8 1970
Wickenburg Town Maricopa 7,474 6,363 +17.5% 25.86 67.0 289.0/sq mi (111.6/km2) 1909
Willcox City Cochise 0 3,757 −100.0% 6.15 15.9 1915
Williams City Coconino 0 3,023 −100.0% 43.83 113.5 1901
Winkelman Town Gila 0 353 −100.0% 0.77 2.0 1949
Winslow City Navajo 9,005 9,655 −6.7% 12.99 33.6 693.2/sq mi (267.7/km2) 1900
Youngtown Town Maricopa 7,056 6,156 +14.6% 1.49 3.9 4,735.6/sq mi (1,828.4/km2) 1960
YumaCounty seat City Yuma 95,548 93,064 +2.7% 120.67 312.5 791.8/sq mi (305.7/km2) 1914
Total Municipalities 0 5,022,368 −100.0% 4,548.05 11,779.4 '
State of Arizona 7,151,502 6,392,017 +11.9% 113,990 295,200 '

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Because Tusayan was incorporated in 2010, its population was not included in the 2010 Census. The 2010 Census count for the now defunct Tusayan CDP was 558.
  2. ^ Because the Tusayan was incorporated after the 2010 Census, its area is not reported by the Census Bureau. The 2010 area of the Census-designated place corresponding to Tusayan was 8.91 sq mi (23.1 km2). At its incorporation, Tusayan included an area of only 0.2 sq mi (0.52 km2), much smaller than its CDP counterpart.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "GCT-PH1 – Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 – State — Place and (in selected states) County Subdivision". 2010 United States Census. United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved June 17, 2015.
  2. ^ Wagner, Dennis (2010-04-12). "Competing interests divide new Arizona town". The Arizona Republic. Retrieved 2010-04-12.
  3. ^ "Article 13, Section 2". Arizona Constitution. Retrieved 2020-01-01.
  4. ^ "Article 13, Section 1". Arizona Constitution. Retrieved 2020-01-01.
  5. ^ "Arizona Revised Statutes §9-101. Incorporation; definition". Arizona State Legislature. Archived from the original on 2012-07-24. Retrieved 2008-06-21.
  6. ^ "Arizona Revised Statutes §9-101.01. Incorporation, urbanized area". Arizona State Legislature. Archived from the original on 2012-07-29. Retrieved 2008-06-21.
  7. ^ "Arizona Revised Statutes §9-281. Adoption procedure; board of freeholders; election". Arizona State Legislature. Archived from the original on 2012-07-19. Retrieved 2008-06-21.
  8. ^ "Arizona Revised Statutes §9-276. Additional powers of cities". Arizona State Legislature. Archived from the original on 2012-07-18. Retrieved 2008-06-21.
  9. ^ "Arizona Revised Statutes §9-121. Consolidation of towns". Arizona State Legislature. Archived from the original on 2012-07-29. Retrieved 2009-07-31.
  10. ^ "Arizona Revised Statutes §9-122. Unification of a city and a town". Arizona State Legislature. Archived from the original on 2012-08-02. Retrieved 2009-07-31.
  11. ^ "Arizona Revised Statutes §9-271. Procedure for change; city officers". Arizona State Legislature. Archived from the original on 2012-08-02. Retrieved 2009-07-31.
  12. ^ "Out of the Ashes: The History of the City of Phoenix". City of Phoenix. Archived from the original on 2008-07-06. Retrieved 2008-06-19.
  13. ^ "About the League: Member Cities and Towns". Arizona League of Cities and Towns. Archived from the original on 2012-02-14. Retrieved 2009-08-09.
  14. ^ a b Cite error: The named reference Census 2020 was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  15. ^ "Places". 2020 U.S. Gazetteer Files. United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 27, 2021.
  16. ^ "Community Profiles". Arizona Department of Commerce. Retrieved 2015-05-22.