List of cities and towns in Estonia

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The following is a list of the 47 cities and towns in Estonia. Before the Republic of Estonia became an in independent nation in 1918, many of these locations were known in the rest of the world by their German language names which were occasionally quite different from the ones used in the Estonian language. During the 1944–1991 Soviet occupation of Estonia, placenames were transliterated into Russian (Cyrillic alphabet) in the Soviet central government's documents, which in turn lead to the use of several incorrect back-transliterations from Russian (Cyrillic) alphabet into English (and other Latin alphabets) in some English-language maps and texts during the second half of the 20th century (for example, incorrect Pyarnu, Vilyandi, Pylva, instead of the correct Pärnu, Viljandi, Põlva).

Tallinn is the capital and the largest city of Estonia. There are 46 other linn, i.e. cities and towns in Estonia (as of 2022). The Estonian word linn means both "a city" or "a town". More than 70% of the country's population lives in the cities and towns.

List[edit]

List of cities and towns[1]
Rank Town Town rights Population 2014[2] Population 2018[3] County (maakond)
1 Tallinn 1248 411,063 430,805 Harju
2 Tartu 13th c. 98,449 93,715 Tartu
3 Narva 1345 59,049 56,103 Ida-Viru
4 Pärnu[a] 1251 40,005 39,375 Pärnu
5 Kohtla-Järve 1946 37,198 34,394 Ida-Viru
6 Viljandi 1283 17,602 17,525 Viljandi
7 Rakvere 1302 15,400 15,413 Lääne-Viru
8 Maardu 1980 17,315 15,189 Harju
9 Kuressaare[a] 1563 13,152 13,276 Saare
10 Sillamäe 1957 14,122 12,989 Ida-Viru
11 Valga[a] 1584 12,437 12,334 Valga
12 Võru 1784 12,571 12,022 Võru
13 Jõhvi[a] 1938 10,525 10,398 Ida-Viru
14 Haapsalu[a] 1279 10,316 9,838 Lääne
15 Keila 1938 9,751 9,775 Harju
16 Paide[a] 1291 8,162 8,078 Järva
17 Elva[a] 1938 5,657 5,648 Tartu
18 Saue[a] 1993 5,656 5,640 Harju
19 Põlva[a] 1993 5,661 5,458 Põlva
20 Tapa[a] 1926 5,693 5,428 Lääne-Viru
21 Jõgeva[a] 1938 5,457 5,143 Jõgeva
22 Rapla[a] 1993 5,054 5,132 Rapla
23 Kiviõli[a] 1946 5,635 5,088 Ida-Viru
24 Türi[a] 1926 5,215 5,064 Järva
25 Põltsamaa[a] 1926 4,148 4,050 Jõgeva
26 Sindi[a] 1938 4,089 3,838 Pärnu
27 Paldiski[a] 1783 4,163 3,626 Harju
28 Kärdla[a] 1938 3,017 3,287 Hiiu
29 Kunda[a] 1938 3,267 3,034 Lääne-Viru
30 Tõrva[a] 1926 2,716 2,740 Valga
31 Narva-Jõesuu[a] 1993 2,655 2,644 Ida-Viru
32 Kehra[a] 1993 2,792 2,641 Harju
33 Loksa 1993 2,703 2,568 Harju
34 Räpina[a] 1993 2,363 2,173 Põlva
35 Otepää[a] 1936 1,875 2,167 Valga
36 Tamsalu[a] 1996 2,174 2,119 Lääne-Viru
37 Kilingi-Nõmme[a] 1938 1,707 1,671 Pärnu
38 Karksi-Nuia[a] 1993 1,515 1,554 Viljandi
39 Antsla[a] 1938 1,362 1,311 Võru
40 Võhma[a] 1993 1,282 1,282 Viljandi
41 Mustvee[a] 1938 1,348 1,269 Jõgeva
42 Lihula[a] 1993 1,252 1,214 Lääne
43 Suure-Jaani[a] 1938 1,036 1,064 Viljandi
44 Abja-Paluoja[a] 1993 1,063 1,057 Viljandi
45 Püssi[a] 1993 1,023 917 Ida-Viru
46 Mõisaküla[a] 1938 806 748 Viljandi
47 Kallaste[a] 1938 846 743 Tartu
  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj The town does not constitute its own municipality, but has become part of a larger municipality (either parish (vald) or city (linn)).

Former towns[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]