List of cities in Nepal

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Municipalities in Nepal are cities and towns meeting minimum criteria set out by the government. These criteria include a certain population, infrastructure and revenues. Presently, there are 263 municipalities in Nepal of which only 58 existed until 2014. 72 were established in May 2014, 61 in December 2014, 26 in September 2015 and another 46 in March 2017.[1][2]

There are three types of municipalities in Nepal, metropolitan city, sub-metropolitan city and municipality. In March 2017 after the report by the Local Level Restructuring Commission the country was divided into 4 metropolitan cities, 13 sub-metropolitan cities, 246 municipalities and 481 rural municipalities.[3] Two sub-metropolitan cities, Biratnagar and Birgunj, where upgraded to metropolitan cities on June 1, 2017.[4][5]

Pokhara Lekhnath is the largest metropolitan city with an area of 464.28 km2 and Lalitpur is the smallest with an area of 36.12 km2.[6]

Classification of Cities[edit]

On the basis of population, resources and other urban facilities available, Nepal Government can classify the municipalities under three categories.

Metropolitan City[edit]

A metropolitan city should possess the following requirements:

  1. A minimum population of 280,000
  2. A minimal annual income of NPR 40 crores
  3. Facilities like electricity, drinking water and communication
  4. Main Road and other link roads are pitched
  5. Availability of special health services like hospital, medical college etc.
  6. Has physical facilities for conducting international sports and games
  7. Sufficient opportunities are available for higher education and at least one university

Sub-Metropolitan City[edit]

A sub-metropolis should possess the following requirements:

  1. A minimum population of 150,000
  2. Minimum Annual Income of NPR 10 crores
  3. Facilities like electricity, drinking water and communication
  4. Main Road of city are pitched
  5. Facility of higher education and health service
  6. Has minimum physical facilities for conducting national & international sports and games
  7. Facilities like gardens, parks & city hall be available

Municipality[edit]

A municipality should possess the following requirements:

  1. A minimum population of 20,000 (10,000 for those within hilly regions)
  2. A minimum annual income of NRs. 40 lakhs
  3. A semi-urban area possessing electricity, road, drinking water, communication and similar other basic facilities.

List of cities[edit]

Metropolitan City (महानगरपालिका)[edit]

Rank Name Nepali District Population (2011) Area Website
1 Kathmandu काठमाडौँ Kathmandu 975,453 49.45 [1]
2 Pokhara Lekhnath पोखरा लेखनाथ   Kaski 414,141 464.28 [2]
3 Lalitpur ललितपुर  Lalitpur 284,922 36.12 [3]
4 Bharatpur भरतपुर  Chitwan 280,502 432.95 [4]
5 Biratnagar विराटनगर Morang 214,663 77 [5]
6 Birgunj वीरगंज Parsa 204,816 75.24 [6]

Sub-Metropolitan City (उप-महानगरपालिका)[edit]

Rank Name Nepali District Population (2011) Area Website
1 Ghorahi घोराही  Dang 156,164 522.21 [7]
2 Janakpur जनकपुर  Dhanusha 153,614 85.99 [8]
3 Hetauda हेटौडा Makawanpur 152,875 261.59 [9]
4 Dhangadhi धनगढी  Kailali 147,741 261.75 [10]
5 Tulsipur तुलसीपुर  Dang 141,528 384.63 [11]
6 Itahari इटहरी  Sunsari 140,517 93.78 [12]
7 Nepalgunj नेपालगंज  Banke 138,951 85.94 [13]
8 Butwal बुटवल  Rupandehi 138,741 101.61 [14]
9 Dharan धरान  Sunsari 137,705 192.32 [15]
10 Kalaiya कलैया  Bara 123,659 108.94 [16]
11 Jeetpur Simara जीतपुरसिमरा  Bara 114,185 309.67 [17]

Municipality (नगरपालिका)[edit]

100,000+[edit]

Rank Name Nepali District Population (2011) Area Website
1 Mechinagar मेचीनगर Jhapa 111,797 192.85 [18]
2 Budhanilkantha बुढानिलकण्ठ Kathmandu 107,918 34.8 [19]
3 Gokarneshwor गोकर्णेश्वर   Kathmandu 107,351 58.5 [20]
4 Bheemdatta भीमदत्त Kanchanpur 104,599 171.8 [21]
5 Birendranagar वीरेन्द्रनगर Surkhet 100,458 245.06 [22]
6 Tilottama तिलोत्तमा Rupandehi 100,149 126.19 [23]

75,000+[edit]

Rank Name Nepali District Population (2011) Area Website
1 Tokha टोखा Kathmandu 99,032 17.11 [24]
2 Lahan लहान Siraha 91,766 167.17 [25]
3 Triyuga त्रियुगा Udayapur 87,557 547.43 [26]
4 Chandragiri चन्द्रागिरी Kathmandu 85,198 43.92 [27]
5 Madhyapur Thimi मध्यपुर थिमि Bhaktapur 83,036 11.47 [28]
6 Siraha सिरहा Siraha 82,531 94.2 [29]
7 Birtamod बिर्तामोड Jhapa 81,878 78.24 [30]
8 Bhaktapur भक्तपुर Bhaktapur 81,728 6.89 [31]
9 Tarkeshor तार्केश्वर Kathmandu 81,443 54.95 [32]
10 Sundar Haraincha सुन्दर हरैंचा Morang 80,518 110.16 [33]
11 Suryabinayak सूर्यविनायक Bhaktapur 78,490 42.45 [34]
12 Godawari गोदावरी Lalitpur 78,301 96.11
13 Godawari गोदावरी Kailali 78,018 305.63 [35]
14 Baraha बराह Sunsari 77,408 222.09
15 Kapilvastu कपिलवस्तु Kapilvastu 76,394 136.91 [36]
16 Ghodaghodi घोडाघोडी Kailali 75,586 354.45 [37]
17 Lamki Chuha लम्कीचुहा Kailali 75,425 225 [38]
18 Banganga बाणगङ्गा Sunsari 75,242 233.68 [39]
19 Damak दमक Jhapa 75,102 70.86 [40]

50,000+[edit]

Rank Name Nepali District Population (2011) Area Website
1 Tikapur टीकापुर Kailali 73,084 118.33 [41]
2 Lumbini Sanskritik लुम्बिनी सांस्कृतिक Rupandehi 72,497 112.21
3 Chandrapur चन्द्रपुर Rautahat 72,059 249.96 [42]
4 Kohalpur कोहलपुर Banke 70,647 184.26 [43]
5 Vyas व्यास Tanahun 70,335 248 [44]
6 Ratnanagar रत्ननगर Chitwan 69,848 68.68 [45]
7 Barahathawa बरहथवा Sarlahi 69,822 107.05 [46]
8 Gaur गौर Rautahat 68,476 51.3 [47]
9 Barbardiya बारबर्दिया Bardiya 68,012 226.09
10 Rajbiraj राजविराज Saptari 67,262 52 [48]
11 Shivaraj शिवराज Kapilvastu 66,781 284.07 [49]
12 Gulariya गुलरिया Bardiya 66,679 118.21 [50]
13 Gaushala गौशाला Mahottari 66,673 144.73 [51]
14 Belbaari बेलवारी Morang 65,892 132.79 [52]
15 Kirtipur कीर्तिपुर Kathmandu 65,602 14.76 [53]
16 Bhadrapur भद्रपुर Jhapa 65,543 96.35 [54]
17 Nagarjun नागार्जुन Kathmandu 65,420 29.85 [55]
18 Dudhauli दुधौली Sindhuli 65,302 390.39 [56]
19 Kamalamai कमलामाई Sindhuli 65,064 482.57 [57]
20 Bodebarsain बोदेबरसाइन Saptari 65,048 91.97
21 Buddhabhumi बुद्दभुमी Kapilvastu 64,949 366.67
22 Shiva Sataxi शिव सताक्षी Jhapa 64,596 145.87 [58]
23 Bardibas बर्दिबास Mahottari 63,912 315.57 [59]
24 Inaruwa इनरुवा Sunsari 63,593 77.92 [60]
25 Siddharthanagar सिद्धार्थनगर Rupandehi 63,483 36.03 [61]
26 Pathari Shanischare पथरी शनिश्चरे Morang 62,440 79.81 [62]
27 Kawasoti कावासोती Nawalparasi 62,421 108.34 [63]
28 Krishnanagar कृष्णनगर Kapilvastu 62,370 96.66 [64]
29 Mahalaxmi महालक्ष्मी Lalitpur 62,172 26.51 [65]
30 Kageshwori Manohara कागेश्वरीमनोहरा Kathmandu 60,237 27.38 [66]
31 Arjundhara अर्जुनधारा Jhapa 60,204 109.86 [67]
32 Ishworpur ईश्वरपूर Sarlahi 59,986 163.83 [68]
33 Rajapur राजापुर Bardiya 59,553 127.08 [69]
34 Ramgram रामग्राम Nawalparasi 59,455 128.32 [70]
35 Lalbandi लालबन्दी Sarlahi 59,395 238.5 [71]
36 Gaindakot गैडाकोट Nawalparasi 58,836 159.93 [72]
37 Jaleshwar जलेश्वर Mahottari 58,549 44.26 [73]
38 Nilkantha निलकण्ठ Dhading 58,515 197.7 [74]
39 Baglung बाग्लुङ Baglung 57,823 98.01 [75]
40 Rapti राप्ती Chitwan 57,107 212.31 [76]
41 Suryodaya सुर्योदय Illam 56,691 252.52 [77]
42 Krishnapur कृष्णपुर Kanchanpur 56,643 252.75 [78]
43 Duhabi दुहबी Sunsari 56,269 73.67 [79]
44 Katari कटारी Udayapur 56,146 424.89 [80]
45 Khairhani खैरहनी Chitwan 56,094 85.55 [81]
46 Bansgadhi बाँसगढी Bardiya 55,875 206.08 [82]
47 Saina Maina सैना मैना Rupandehi 55,822 162.18 [83]
48 Banepa बनेपा Kavrepalanchowk 55,628 55 [84]
49 Changunarayan चाँगुनारायण Bhaktapur 55,430 62.98 [85]
50 Sunwal सुनवल Nawalparasi 55,424 139.1 [86]
51 Bardghat बर्दघाट Nawalparasi 55,382 162.05 [87]
52 Ratuwamai रतुवामाई Morang 55,380 142.15
53 Pokhariya पोखरिया Parsa 55,338 56.81 [88]
54 Gauriganga गौरीगंगा Kailali 55,314 244.44
55 Maharajgunj महाराजगञ्ज Kapilvastu 54,800 112.21
56 Urlabari उर्लाबारी Morang 54,696 74.62 [89]
57 Mahagadhimai महागढीमाई Bara 54,474 55.32 [90]
58 Bidur विदुर Nuwakot 54,351 130.01 [91]
59 Madhyabindu मध्यबिन्दु Nawalparasi 54,140 233.35 [92]
60 Punarbas पुनर्बास Kanchanpur 53,633 103.71 [93]
61 Belauri बेलौरी Kanchanpur 53,544 123.37 [94]
62 Devdaha देवदह Rupandehi 53,523 136.95 [95]
63 Gauradaha गौरादह Jhapa 53,033 149.86 [96]
64 Rangeli रंगेली Morang 52,013 111.78 [97]
65 Bhajani भजनी Kailali 51,845 176.25 [98]
66 Ramdhuni रामधुनी Sunsari 51,752 91.69 [99]
67 Haripurwa हरिपुर्वा Sarlahi 51,355 46.95
68 Waling वालिङ Syanja 51,143 128.4 [100]
69 Golbazar गोलबजार Siraha 51,137 111.94 [101]
70 Sunbarsi सुनबर्षि Morang 50,758 106.4
71 Garuda गरुडा Rautahat 50,451 44.46 [102]
72 Tansen तानसेन Palpa 50,405 109.8 [103]
73 Mirchaiya मिर्चैया Siraha 50,079 91.97 [104]

25,000+[edit]

Rank Name Nepali District Population (2011) Area Website
1 Simraungadh सिम्रोनगढ Bara 49,939 42.65 [105]
2 Dakneshwari दक्नेश्वारी  Saptari 49,788 77.83
3 Bedkot बेदकोट Kanchanpur 49,479 159.92 [106]
4 Balara बलरा Sarlahi 49,452 52.1
5 Kalyanpur कल्याणपुर Siraha 49,288 76.81
6 Gorkha गोरखा Gorkha 49,272 131.86 [107]
7 Phidim फिदिम Pancthar 49,201 192.5 [108]
8 Chaudandigadhi चौदण्डीगढी Udayapur 48,578 283.78
9 Ilam ईलाम Ilam 48,536 173.32 [109]
10 Shuklagandaki शुक्ला गण्डकी Tanahun 48,456 165 [110]
11 Lamahi लमही Dang 47,655 326.66 [111]
12 Nagarain नगराईन Dhanusha 47,625 49.19
13 Kshireshwar Nath क्षिरेश्वरनाथ  Dhanusha 47,453 60.39
14 Dhangadimai धनगढीमाई Siraha 47,449 159.51 [112]
15 Rupakot Majhuwagadhi रुपाकोट मझुवागढी Khotang 46,903 246.51
16 Shuklaphanta शुक्लाफाँटा Kanchanpur 46,834 162.57
17 Paunauti पनौती Kavrepalanchowk 46,595 118 [113]
18 Malangwa मलङ्गवा Sarlahi 46,516 30.44 [114]
19 Chautara Sangachowkgadhi चौतारा साँगाचोकगढी Sindhupalchowk 46,501 165.25
20 Madhuwan मधुवन Bardiya 46,437 129.73
21 Sabaila सवैला Dhanusha 45,879 64.47 [115]
22 Bhanu भानु Tanahun 45,792 184 [116]
23 Hanumannagar Kankalini हनुमाननगर कंकालिनी Saptari 45,734 118.19
24 Dhanushadham धनुषाधाम Dhanusha 45,665 91.64 [117]
25 Manthali मन्थली Ramechhap 45,416 211.78 [118]
26 Khadak खडक Saptari 45,367 93.77
27 Melamchi मेलम्ची Sindhupalchowk 45,343 158.17 [119]
28 Putalibaazar पुतलीबजार Syanja 44,876 147.21 [120]
29 Thakurbaba ठाकुरबाबा Bardiya 44,361 104.57
30 Haripur हरिपुर Sarlahi 44,342 73.45
31 Surunga सुरुंगा Saptari 44,221 107.04
32 Hariban हरिवन Sarlahi 43,928 86.12
33 Gurbhakot गुर्भाकोट Surkhet 43,765 228.62
34 Godaita गोडैता Sarlahi 43,429 45.07
35 Sheet Ganga शित गंगा  Argakhanchi 43,373 610.43
36 Kolhabi कोल्हवी Bara 43,036 157.4 [121]
37 Shahidnagar शहिद नगर Dhanusha 43,007 57.37
38 Devchuli देवचुली Nawalparasi 42,603 112.72 [122]
39 Belaka बेलका Udayapur 42,356 344.73
40 Kalika कालिका Chitwan 41,742 149.08 [123]
41 Thaha थाहा Makawanpur 41,623 191.12 [124]
42 Dullu दुल्लू Dailekh 41,540 156.77 [125]
43 Bheriganga भेरीगंगा Surkhet 41,407 256.2 [126]
44 Sandhikharka सन्धिखर्क Argakhanchi 41,079 129.42 [127]
45 Mithila मिथिला Dhanusha 41,030 181.9 [128]
46 Bagmati बागमती  Sarlahi 40,399 101.18
47 Kankai कनकाई Jhapa 40,141 80.98 [129]
48 Belkotgadhi वेलकोटगढी Nuwakot 39,888 155.6
49 Kushma कुश्मा Parbat 39,600 93.18 [130]
50 Besishahar वेसीशहर Lamjung 39,356 127.64 [131]
51 Mahakali महाकाली Kanchanpur 39,253 56.84
52 Purchaundi पुर्चौडी  Baitadi 39,174 198.52
53 Bideh विदेह Dhanusha 38,877 52.67
54 Pyuthan प्युठान Pyuthan 38,449 128.96 [132]
55 Palungtar पालुङ्टार Gorkha 38,174 158.62 [133]
56 Panchkhal पाँचखाल Kavrepalanchowk 37,997 103 [134]
57 Madi माडी Chitwan 37,683 218.24 [135]
58 Ganeshman Charnath गणेशमान चारनाथ Dhanusha 37,300 244.31
59 Galyang गल्याङ Syanja 36,967 122.71
60 Dhankuta धनकुटा Dhankuta 36,619 111 [136]
61 Bangad Kupinde बनगाड कुपिण्डे Salyan 36,052 338.21
62 Kanchanrup कञ्चनरूप Saptari 35,898 143.33 [137]
63 Rampur रामपुर Palpa 35,396 123.34 [138]
64 Chhedagad छेडागाड Jajarkot 35,295 284.2
65 Parashuram परशुराम Dadeldhura 34,983 414.07 [139]
66 Dasharth Chand दशरथचन्द Baitadi 34,575 135.15 [140]
67 Nijgadh निजगढ Bara 34,335 289.43 [141]
68 Bagchaur बागचौर Salyan 34,118 163.14 [142]
69 Saphebagar साफेबगर Achham 33,788 166.71 [143]
70 Shaarda शारदा Salyan 33,730 198.34 [144]
71 Aathabiskot अाठबिसकाेट Rukum 33,601 560.34
72 Bheri भेरी Jajarkot 33,515 219.77 [145]
73 Beni बेनी Myagdi 33,498 76.57 [146]
74 Bungal बुङल Bajhang 33,224 447.59
75 Galkot गलकोट Baglung 33,097 194.39
76 Shambhunath शम्भुनाथ Saptari 33,012 99.99
77 Dipayal Silgadhi दिपायल सिलगढी  Doti 32,941 126.62 [147]
78 Musikot मुसिकोट Rukum 32,939 136.06 [148]
79 Deumai देउमाई Ilam 32,927 191.63 [149]
80 Musikot मुसीकोट Gulmi 32,802 114.74
81 Ropla रोल्पा Rolpa 32,759 270.42
82 Mandan Deupur मण्डनदेउपुर Kavrepalanchowk 32,659 89
83 Bhumikasthan भूमिकास्थान Argakhanchi 32,640 159.13
84 Mai मई  Ilam 32,576 246.11
85 Resunga रेसुङ्गा Gulmi 32,545 83.74 [150]
86 Mangalsen मंगलसेन Achham 32,331 220.14 [151]
87 Panchapuri पंञ्चपुरी Surkhet 32,231 329.9
88 Dhulikhel धुलिखेल Kavrepalanchowk 32,162 55 [152]
89 Letang लेटाङ Morang 32,053 219.23 [153]
90 Shikhar शिखर Doti 31,801 285.37
91 Shandananda शन्दनन्द  Bhojpur 31,610 241.15 [154]
92 Bhimeshwar भीमेश्वर Dolakha 31,480 132.5 [155]
93 Jaimani जैमिनी Baglung 31,430 118.71
94 Bhimad भिमाद Tanahun 31,362 129
95 Khandbari खादँवारी Sankhuwasabha 31,177 122.78 [156]
96 Dhunibeshi धुनीबेशी Dhading 31,029 96.3
97 Swargadwari स्वर्गद्वारी Pyuthan 30,940 224.7
98 Patan पाटन Baitadi 30,435 219.26 [157]
99 Lekbesi लेकबेसी  Surkhet 30,295 180.92
100 Halesi Tuwachung हलेसीतुवाचुंग  Khotang 29,532 280.17
101 Namobuddha नमोबुद्द Kavrepalanchowk 29,519 102
102 Aathbis आठबीस Dailekh 29,227 168
103 Ramechhap रामेछाप Ramechhap 28,612 202.45 [158]
104 Sidhhicharan सिद्धिचरण Okhaldhunga 28,374 167.88 [159]
105 Panchadeval Binayak पंचदेवल विनायक  Achham 27,485 147.75
106 Chaurjahari चौरजहारी Rukum 27,438 107.38 [160]
107 Chainpur चैनपुर Sankhuwasabha 27,308 2223.69 [161]
108 Bhojpur भोजपुर Bhojpur 27,204 159.51 [162]
109 Narayan नारायण Dailekh 27,037 110.63 [163]
110 Sundarbazar सुन्दरबजार Lamjung 26,861 72.05 [164]
111 Barhabise बाह्रबिसे Sindhupalchowk 26,700 96.73
112 Phungling फुङलिङ Taplejung 26,406 125.57
113 Dhorpatan ढोरपाटन Baglung 26,215 222.85
114 Chamunda Bindrasaini चामुण्डा बिन्द्रासैनी Dailekh 26,149 90.6
115 Chapakot चापाकोट Syanja 26,042 120.59 [165]
116 Triveni Nalgad त्रिवेणी नलगाड Jajarkot 25,597 387.44
117 Bheerkot भीरकोट Syanja 25,583 78.23 [166]
118 Shankharapur शंखरापुर Kathmandu 25,338 60.21 [167]

5,000+[edit]

Rank Name Nepali District Population (2011) Area Website
1 Mahalaxmi महालक्ष्मी Dhankuta 24,800 129.39
2 Phalebas फलेबास Parbat 24,687 85.7
3 Daxinkaali दक्षिणकाली Kathmandu 24,296 42.68 [168]
4 Kamalbazar कमलबजार Achham 23,738 120.78 [169]
5 Madhya Nepal मध्यनेपाल Lamjung 23,385 113.86 [170]
6 Melaili मेलैली Baitadi 22,545 119.43
7 Jaya Prithvi जयपृथ्वी Bajhang 22,191 166.79 [171]
8 Pakhribas पाख्रिबास Dhankuta 22,078 144.29 [172]
9 Sailya Shikhar शैल्याशिखर  Darchula 22,060 117.81
10 Budhiganga बुढीगंगा  Bajura 21,677 59.2
11 Aamargadhi अमरगढी Dadeldhura 21,245 139.33 [173]
12 Mahakali महाकाली Darchula 21,231 135.11
13 Solududhkunda सोलुदुधकुण्ड Solukhumbu 20,399 528.09
14 Khadachakra खाडाचक्र  Kalikot 20,288 133.29
15 Chayanath Rara छायाँनाथ रारा Mugu 20,078 480.67
16 Myanglung म्याङलुङ Terathum 19,659 100.21 [174]
17 Chandannath चन्दननाथ Jumla 19,047 102.03 [175]
18 Budhinanda बुढिनन्दा Bajura 18,776 232.48
19 Rainas राइनास Lamjung 18,527 71.97 [176]
20 Triveni त्रिवेणी Bajura 18,363 170.32
21 Dharmadevi धर्मदेवी Sankhuwasabha 18,235 132.82
22 Panchkhapan पाँचखपन  Sankhuwasabha 17,521 148.03
23 Laligurans लालिगुराँस Terathum 16,970 90.27 [177]
24 Badimalika बडीमालिका Bajura 16,818 276 [178]
25 Raskot रास्कोट Kalikot 16,272 59.73
26 Tilagufa तिलागुफा Kalikot 15,766 262.56
27 Jiri जिरी Dolakha 15,515 211.27 [179]
28 Madi मादी Sankhuwasabha 14,470 110.1 [180]
29 Tripura Sundari त्रिपुरासुन्दरी Dolpa 10,104 393.54
30 Thuli Bheri ठूली भेरी Dolpa 8,370 421.34

See Also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Govt declares 72 new municipalities (with list)". ekantipur.com. Retrieved 2015-06-30. 
  2. ^ "Govt declares 72 new municipalities". thehimalayantimes.com. Retrieved 2015-06-30. 
  3. ^ "Federal setup with 744 local units enforced: DPM Thapa". My Republica. Retrieved 2017-06-16. 
  4. ^ "Govt upgrades Birgunj, Biratnagar to metropolitan cities". My Republica. Retrieved 2017-06-16. 
  5. ^ "You are being redirected...". thehimalayantimes.com. Retrieved 2017-06-24. 
  6. ^ "Pokhara Lekhnath becomes largest metropolitan city". Retrieved 2017-06-16. 

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