List of cities in Nepal

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Municipalities in Nepal are cities and towns meeting minimum criteria set out by the government. These criteria include a certain population, infrastructure and revenues. Presently, there are 191municipalities in Nepal of which 72 were established in May 2014 and 61 were established on 2 December 2014 by the Government of Nepal among which 7 were new sub metropolitans making total 11 sub metropolitan cities.[1][2] In most cases, the municipalities are created by amalgamating several Village Development Committees (VDC), thus making it necessary to choose a name for the new entity. This may sometimes be the name of the largest former VDC but usually is a new creation. The listed names are the official names of the municipalities; nevertheless, the former names are still widely used. Municipalities in Nepal come in three levels of self-government: metropolitan municipality, sub-metropolitan municipality and municipality. The first level applies to Kathmandu only, the second one to the cities of Pokhara, Lalitpur, Bharatpur, Biratnagar, Nepalgunj, Birganj, Butwal, Itahari and Dharan.

Metropolitan, sub-metropolitan and major municipalities[edit]

Rank Metro,Sub-Metro city’s Municipality’s Area Region Census 2011 District
1. Kathmandu 50.67 km2 Central 975.453 Kathmandu
2. Pokhara 55.22 km2 Western 255.465 Kaski
3. Lalitpur Central 220.802 Lalitpur
4. Biratnagar 58.48 km2 Eastern 201.125 Morang
5. Bharatpur Central 143.836 Chitwan
6. Birganj Central 135.904 Parsa
7. Butwal Western 118.462 Rupandehi
8. Dharan Eastern 116.181 Sunsari
9. Bhim Datta Far-Western 104.599 Kanchanpur
10. Dhangadhi Far-Western 101.970 Kailali
11. Janakpur Central 97.776 Dhanusha
12. Hetauda Central 84.671 Makwanpur
17. Nepalganj Mid-Western 72.503 Banke
16. Itahari Eastern 74.501 Sunsari
14. Bhaktapur Central 81.748 Bhaktapur
18. Triyuga Eastern 70.000 Udayapur
21. Ghorahi Mid-Westren 84.822 Dang Deukhuri
31. Birendranagar Mid-Western 74.816 Surkhet

Municipalities by population[edit]

Rank Municipality Census 1991 Census 2001 Census 2011 Estimate 2015 District
1. Kathmandu 421 258 671 846 975 453 1 003 285 Kathmandu
2. Pokhara 95 288 156 312 255 465 323 367 Kaski
3. Lalitpur 115 865 162 991 220 802 260 234 Lalitpur
4. Birganj 69 005 112 484 135 904 207 980 Parsa
5. Biratnagar 129 338 166 674 201 125 204 949 Morang
6. Bharatpur 54 670 89 323 143 836 203 808 Chitwan
7. Janakpur 54 710 67 192 97 776 169 287 Dhanusha
8. Hetauda 53 836 68 482 84 671 153 857 Makwanpur
9. Nepalganj 47 819 57 535 72 503 147 700 Banke
10. Itahari 26 824 41 210 74 501 142 885 Sunsari
11. Dharan 66 457 95 332 116 181 141 439 Sunsari
12. Butwal 44 272 75 384 118 462 141262 Rupandehi
13. Dhangadhi 44 753 67 447 101 970 139 743 Kailali
14. Budhanilkantha --- --- --- 107 918 Kathmandu
15. Gokarneshwar --- --- --- 107 351 Kathmandu
16. Bhim Datta 62 050 80 839 114 647 Kanchanpur
17. Tilottama --- --- --- 100 149 Rupandehi
18. Tokha --- --- --- 99 032 Kathmandu
19. Birendranagar 22 973 31 381 74 816 97 941 Surkhet
20. Kalaiya 18 498 32 260 42 826 86 629 Bara
21. Tulsipur 22 654 33 876 51 537 86 288 Dang Deukhuri
22. Chandragiri --- --- --- 85 198 Kathmandu
23. Madhyapur Thimi 31 970 47 751 83 036 84 142 Bhaktapur
24. Bhaktapur 61 405 72 543 81 748 83 658 Bhaktapur
25. Gadhimai --- --- 53 007 83 367 Bara
26. Tarakeshwar --- --- --- 81 443 Kathmandu
27. Lahan 19 018 27 654 33 653 79 963 Siraha
28. Damak 41 321 35 009 75 102 Jhapa
29. Banganga --- --- --- 75 242 Kapilvastu
30. Attariya --- --- --- 72 521 Kailali
31. Lumbini Sanskritik --- --- --- 72 497 Rupandehi
32. Chandrapur --- --- --- 72 059 Rautahat
33. Triyuga 37 512 55 291 70 000 71 405 Udayapur
34. Ratnanagar 25 118 37 791 46 367 70 091 Chitwan
35. Lekhnath 30 107 41 369 58 816 69 304 Kaski
36. Nagarjun --- --- --- 67 420 Kathmandu
37. Kirtipur 31 338 40 835 65 602 67 171 Kathmandu
38. Ghorahi 29 050 43 126 84 822 65 107 Dang Deukhuri
39. Siddharthanagar 39 473 52 569 63 483 64 566 Rupandehi
40. Kohalpur --- --- 62 177 62 177 Banke
41. Mahalakshmi --- --- --- 62 172 Lalitpur
42. Lamki Chuha --- --- --- 61 352 Kailali
43. Ghodaghodi --- --- --- 60 531 Kailali
44. Kageshwari-Manahara --- --- --- 60 237 Kathmandu
45. Birtamod --- --- --- 60 174 Jhapa
46. Siraha 21 866 23 988 28 442 59 426 Siraha
25. Mechinagar 37 108 49 060 57 545 Jhapa
27. Tikapur 25 639 38 722 56 127 Kailali
28. Gulariya 30 621 46 011 55 747 Bardiya
32. Mirchaiya --- --- 46 857 Siraha
34. Dhanushadham --- --- 45 008 Dhanusha
35. Shambhunath --- --- 43 230 Saptari
36. Byas 20 124 28 245 42 899 Tanahu
38. Kanchan Rup --- --- 42 377 Saptari
39. Hariwan --- --- 40 834 Sarlahi
40. Sunwal --- 39 843 54 487 Nawalparasi
41. Nilkantha --- --- 39 578 Dhading
42. Kamalamai 24 368 32 838 39 413 Sindhuli
43. Rajbiraj 24 227 30 353 37 738 Saptari
44. Urlabari --- --- 35 166 Morang
45. Gaur 20 434 25 383 34 937 Rautahat
46. Chireshwarnath --- --- 34 350 Dhanusha
48. Gaidakot --- --- 33 460 Nawalparasi
49. Gorkha 20 633 25 783 32 473 Gorkha
50. Gaushala --- --- 32 111 Mahottari
51. Putalibazar 25 870 29 667 30 704 Syangja
52. Karyabinayak* --- --- 30 614 Lalitupr
53. Kapilvastu 17 126 27 170 30 428 Kapilvastu
54. Rajapur --- --- 29 659 Bardiya
55. Baglung 15 219 20 852 29 366 Baglung
56. Tansen 13 599 20 431 29 095 Palpa
57. Bandipur --- --- 28 832 Tanahu
58. Inaruwa 18 547 20 300 28 454 Sunsari
60. Katari --- --- 28 123 Udayapur
61. Panauti 20 467 25 563 27 358 Kabhrepalanchok
62. Bidur 18 694 21 193 26 750 Nuwakot
63. Dhankuta 17 073 20 668 26 440 Dhankuta
64. Shuklagandaki --- --- 26 313 Tanahu
65. Khandbari 18 756 21 789 26 301 Sankhuwasabha
66. Ramgram 18 911 22 630 25 990 Nawalparasi
67. Malangwa 14 142 18 484 25 102 Sarlahi
68. Phidim --- --- 24 768 Panchthar
69. Banepa 12 537 15 822 24 764 Kabhrepalanchok
70. Besisahar --- --- 24 745 Lamjung
71. Waling 16 712 20 414 24 006 Syangja
72. Jaleswar 18 088 22 046 23 533 Mahottari
73. Dipayal-Silgadhi 12 360 22 061 23 416 Doti
74. Kusma --- --- 23 250 Parbat
75. Panchkhal --- --- 22 975 Kabhrepalanchok
76. Bhimeshwar 19 260 21 916 22 537 Dolakha
77. Sandhikharka --- --- 22 098 Arghakhanchi
78. Beni --- --- 21 947 Myagdi
79. Amaragadhi 16 494 18 390 21 245 Dadeldhura
80. Narayan 15 738 19 446 21 110 Dailekh
81. Champapur* (Chapagaun) --- --- 20 706 Lalitpur
82. Taplejung --- --- 19 085 Taplejung
83. Ilam 13 197 16 237 18 633 Ilam
84. Bhadrapur 15 210 18 145 18 164 Jhapa
85. Dasharathchand 18 054 18 345 16 791 Baitadi
86. Mangalsen --- --- 16 677 Achham
87. Salyan --- --- 16 398 Salyan
88. Bhojpur --- --- 16 121 Bhojpur
89. Myanglung --- --- 16 046 Tehrathum
90. Chautara --- --- 15 606 Sindhupalchok
91. Sankharpur* --- --- 15 189 Kathmandu
92. Manthali* --- --- 14 932 Ramechhap
93. Resunga --- --- 14 845 Gulmi
94. Dhulikhel n.a. 11 521 14 283 Kabhrepalanchok
95. Pyuthan --- --- 13 211 Pyuthan
96. Sanphebagar --- --- 13 032 Achham
97. Jayaprithvi --- --- 12 940 Bajhang
98. Chandannath --- --- 12 116 Jumla
99. Diktel --- --- 11 743 Khotang
--- Suryodaya --- --- --- Ilam
--- Shani-Arjun --- --- --- Jhapa
--- Kankai --- --- --- Jhapa
--- Belbari --- --- --- Morang
--- Pathari Sanischare --- --- --- Morang
--- Sundar Dulari --- --- --- Morang
--- Koshi Haraicha --- --- --- Morang
--- Rangeli --- --- --- Morang
--- Duhabi-Bhaluwa --- --- --- Sunsari
--- Siddhicharan --- --- --- Okhaldhunga
--- Beltar-Basaha --- --- --- Udayapur
--- Nijgadh --- --- --- Bara
--- Lalbandi --- --- 25 000 Sarlahi
--- Ishwarpur --- --- --- Sarlahi
--- Thaha --- --- --- Makwanpur
--- Khairahani --- --- --- Chitwan
--- Chitrawan --- --- --- Chitwan
--- Kawasoti --- --- --- Nawalparasi
--- Devchuli --- --- --- Nawalparasi
--- Bardaghat --- --- --- Nawalparasi
--- Sainamina --- --- --- Nawalparasi
--- Devdaha --- --- --- Rupandehi
--- Krishnanagar --- --- --- Kapilvastu
--- Shivaraj --- --- --- Kapilvastu
--- Sharada --- --- --- Salyan
--- Dullu --- --- --- Dailekh
--- Api --- --- 21 000 Darchula
--- Punarwas --- --- 33 554 Kanchanpur
--- Belauri --- --- 31 500 Kanchanpur
--- Chapakot --- --- --- Syangya
--- Rampur --- --- --- Palpa
--- Chainpur --- --- 18 965 Sankhuwasabha

[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Govt declares 72 new municipalities (with list)". ekantipur.com. Retrieved 2015-06-30. 
  2. ^ "Govt declares 72 new municipalities". thehimalayantimes.com. Retrieved 2015-06-30. 
  3. ^ "Govt declares 72 new municipalities news". thehimalayantimes.com. Retrieved 2015-06-30. 

External links[edit]