List of municipalities in New York

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This is a list of municipalities in New York, which includes all 534 villages and 62 cities of New York.

At the time of the 2010 United States Census,[1] the state of New York had 555 villages.[2] Since then, 21 villages were dissolved (four in Cattaraugus County, three in Oneida County, two each in Chautauqua County, St. Lawrence County and Wayne County, one each in Essex County, Jefferson County, Seneca County, Washington County and Oswego County as well as Keeseville in Clinton and Essex counties), while one new village was created in Suffolk County (Mastic Beach).[3] After only seven years of being incorporated, the Village of Mastic Beach dissolved on December 31, 2017.[4][5][6] The village of Van Etten in Chemung County and the village of Harrisville in Lewis County were both dissolved on December 31, 2018, while the village of Morristown in St. Lawrence County was dissolved on December 31, 2019.[7] The village of South Nyack, New York was dissolved in 2022.

Most municipalities in New York are located within a single town and county, but some municipalities are located in more than one town. Of those, there are ten municipalities located in more than one county:[2]

  • Almond (Allegany & Steuben Counties)
  • Attica (Genesee & Wyoming Counties)
  • Deposit (Broome & Delaware Counties)
  • Dolgeville (Fulton & Herkimer Counties)
  • Geneva (Ontario & Seneca Counties)
  • Gowanda (Cattaraugus & Erie Counties)
  • New York (Bronx, Kings, New York, Queens & Richmond Counties)
  • Rushville (Ontario & Yates Counties)
  • Saranac Lake (Essex & Franklin Counties)
Villages in New York[8][2][9]
Village County Pop.
(2020)
Land
(sq mi)
Town Type
Adams Jefferson 1,633 1.447 Adams Village
Addison Steuben 1,561 1.893 Addison Village
Afton Chenango 794 1.527 Afton Village
Airmont Rockland 10,166 4.643 Ramapo Village
Akron Erie 2,888 1.976 Newstead Village
Albany Albany 99,224 None City
Albion Orleans 5,637 2.920 Albion & Gaines Village
Alden Erie 2,604 2.718 Alden Village
Alexander Genesee 518 0.437 Alexander Village
Alexandria Bay Jefferson 924 0.766 Alexandria Village
Alfred Allegany 4,026 1.190 Alfred Village
Allegany Cattaraugus 1,544 0.705 Allegany Village
Almond Allegany & Steuben 415 0.564 Almond & Hornellsville Village
Altamont Albany 1,675 1.186 Guilderland Village
Ames Montgomery 138 0.131 Canajoharie Village
Amityville Suffolk 9,500 2.113 Babylon Village
Amsterdam Montgomery 18,219 None
Andover Allegany 890 1.001 Andover
Angelica Allegany 723 2.152 Angelica
Angola Erie 2,046 1.417 Evans
Antwerp Jefferson 506 1.035 Antwerp
Arcade Wyoming 1,908 2.649 Arcade
Ardsley Westchester 5,079 1.323 Greenburgh
Argyle Washington 289 0.350 Argyle
Arkport Steuben 745 0.694 Hornellsville
Asharoken Suffolk 592 1.471 Huntington
Athens Greene 1,586 3.420 Athens
Atlantic Beach Nassau 1,707 0.439 Hempstead
Attica Genesee & Wyoming 2,450 1.691 Alexander & Attica
Auburn Cayuga 26,866 None
Aurora Cayuga 607 0.919 Ledyard
Avoca Steuben 809 1.326 Avoca
Avon Livingston 3,399 3.099 Avon
Babylon Suffolk 12,188 2.445 Babylon
Bainbridge Chenango 1,251 1.239 Bainbridge
Baldwinsville Onondaga 7,898 3.092 Lysander & Van Buren
Ballston Spa Saratoga 5,111 1.599 Ballston & Milton
Barker Niagara 575 0.420 Somerset
Batavia Genesee 15,600 None
Bath Steuben 5,571 3.175 Bath
Baxter Estates Nassau 991 0.182 North Hempstead
Bayville Nassau 6,748 1.450 Oyster Bay
Beacon Dutchess 13,769
Belle Terre Suffolk 808 0.885 Brookhaven
Bellerose Nassau 1,173 0.125 Hempstead
Bellport Suffolk 2,203 1.445 Brookhaven
Belmont Allegany 856 0.996 Amity
Bemus Point Chautauqua 306 0.436 Ellery
Bergen Genesee 1,208 0.737 Bergen
Binghamton Broome 47,969
Black River Jefferson 1,232 1.791 Le Ray & Rutland
Blasdell Erie 2,539 1.123 Hamburg
Bloomfield Ontario 1,277 1.397 East Bloomfield
Bloomingburg Sullivan 1,032 0.688 Mamakating
Bolivar Allegany 1,010 0.798 Bolivar
Boonville Oneida 2,020 1.729 Boonville
Brewster Putnam 2,508 0.467 Southeast
Briarcliff Manor Westchester 7,569 5.962 Mount Pleasant & Ossining
Brightwaters Suffolk 3,181 0.976 Islip
Broadalbin Fulton 1,384 1.122 Broadalbin & Mayfield
Brockport Monroe 7,104 2.161 Clarkson & Sweden
Brocton Chautauqua 1,286 1.710 Portland
Bronxville Westchester 6,656 0.962 Eastchester
Brookville Nassau 2,939 3.937 Oyster Bay
Brownville Jefferson 930 0.673 Brownville
Brushton Franklin 443 0.276 Moira
Buchanan Westchester 2,302 1.382 Cortlandt
Buffalo Erie 278,349
Burdett Schuyler 331 0.962 Hector
Burke Franklin 160 0.290 Burke
Caledonia Livingston 2,080 2.097 Caledonia
Cambridge Washington 1,788 1.678 Cambridge & White Creek
Camden Oneida 2,196 2.436 Camden
Camillus Onondaga 1,222 0.390 Camillus
Canajoharie Montgomery 2,037 1.330 Canajoharie
Canandaigua Ontario 10,576
Canaseraga Allegany 460 1.062 Burns
Canastota Madison 4,556 3.351 Lenox
Candor Tioga 786 0.441 Candor
Canisteo Steuben 2,176 0.934 Canisteo
Canton St. Lawrence 7,155 3.576 Canton
Cape Vincent Jefferson 699 0.724 Cape Vincent
Carthage Jefferson 3,236 2.508 Wilna
Cassadaga Chautauqua 573 0.839 Stockton
Castile Wyoming 970 1.352 Castile
Castleton-on-Hudson Rensselaer 1,477 0.714 Schodack
Castorland Lewis 334 0.321 Denmark
Cato Cayuga 517 0.989 Cato & Ira
Catskill Greene 3,745 2.280 Catskill
Cattaraugus Cattaraugus 960 1.117 New Albion
Cayuga Cayuga 472 0.904 Aurelius
Cayuga Heights Tompkins 4,114 1.767 Ithaca
Cazenovia Madison 2,767 1.873 Cazenovia
Cedarhurst Nassau 7,374 0.675 Hempstead
Celoron Chautauqua 1,069 0.747 Ellicott
Central Square Oswego 1,862 1.906 Hastings
Centre Island Nassau 407 1.090 Oyster Bay
Champlain Clinton 1,170 1.390 Champlain
Chateaugay Franklin 735 1.083 Chateaugay
Chatham Columbia 1,529 1.237 Chatham & Ghent
Chaumont Jefferson 615 0.971 Lyme
Cherry Valley Otsego 467 0.510 Cherry Valley
Chester Orange 3,993 2.148 Chester & Goshen
Chestnut Ridge Rockland 10,505 4.968 Ramapo
Chittenango Madison 4,896 2.441 Sullivan
Churchville Monroe 2,091 1.153 Riga
Clayton Jefferson 1,705 1.613 Clayton
Clayville Oneida 339 0.439 Paris
Cleveland Oswego 732 1.131 Constantia
Clifton Springs Ontario 2,209 1.519 Manchester & Phelps
Clinton Oneida 1,683 0.626 Kirkland
Clyde Wayne 2,171 2.198 Galen
Cobleskill Schoharie 4,173 3.572 Cobleskill
Cohocton Steuben 703 1.501 Cohocton
Cohoes Albany 18,147
Cold Brook Herkimer 250 0.439 Russia
Cold Spring Putnam 1,986 0.594 Philipstown
Colonie Albany 7,781 3.242 Colonie
Constableville Lewis 293 1.118 West Turin
Cooperstown Otsego 1,794 1.635 Middlefield & Otsego
Copenhagen Lewis 631 1.176 Denmark
Corfu Genesee 689 0.995 Darien & Pembroke
Corinth Saratoga 2,562 1.067 Corinth
Corning Steuben 10,551
Cornwall-on-Hudson Orange 3,075 1.987 Cornwall
Cortland Cortland 17,556
Cove Neck Nassau 293 1.284 Oyster Bay
Coxsackie Greene 2,746 2.172 Coxsackie
Croghan Lewis 639 0.434 Croghan & New Bremen
Croton-on-Hudson Westchester 8,327 4.642 Cortlandt
Cuba Allegany 1,517 1.216 Cuba
Dannemora Clinton 3,287 1.148 Dannemora & Saranac
Dansville Livingston 4,433 2.608 North Dansville & Sparta
Deferiet Jefferson 245 0.650 Wilna
Delanson Schenectady 335 0.644 Duanesburg
Delevan Cattaraugus 1,043 0.994 Yorkshire
Delhi Delaware 2,721 3.142 Delhi
Depew Erie 15,178 5.074 Cheektowaga & Lancaster
Deposit Broome & Delaware 1,387 1.263 Deposit & Sanford
Dering Harbor Suffolk 50 0.246 Shelter Island
DeRuyter Madison 408 0.344 DeRuyter
Dexter Jefferson 1,004 0.692 Brownville
Dobbs Ferry Westchester 11,541 2.429 Greenburgh
Dolgeville Fulton & Herkimer 2,042 1.791 Manheim & Oppenheim
Dresden Yates 293 0.302 Torrey
Dryden Tompkins 1,887 1.756 Dryden
Dundee Yates 1,690 1.124 Starkey
Dunkirk Chautauqua 12,743
Earlville Chenango & Madison 774 1.079 Hamilton & Sherburne
East Aurora Erie 5,998 2.512 Aurora
East Hampton Suffolk 1,517 4.764 East Hampton
East Hills Nassau 7,284 2.273 North Hempstead & Oyster Bay
East Nassau Rensselaer 559 4.863 Nassau
East Rochester Monroe 6,334 1.325 East Rochester
East Rockaway Nassau 10,159 1.017 Hempstead
East Syracuse Onondaga 3,078 1.622 DeWitt
East Williston Nassau 2,645 0.569 North Hempstead
Elba Genesee 558 1.017 Elba
Elbridge Onondaga 921 1.126 Elbridge
Ellenville Ulster 4,167 8.725 Wawarsing
Ellicottville Cattaraugus 256 0.820 Ellicottville
Ellisburg Jefferson 186 1.015 Ellisburg
Elmira Chemung 26,523
Elmira Heights Chemung 3,916 1.146 Elmira & Horseheads
Elmsford Westchester 5,239 1.027 Greenburgh
Endicott Broome 13,667 3.194 Union
Esperance Schoharie 346 0.491 Esperance
Evans Mills Jefferson 678 0.829 Le Ray
Fabius Onondaga 309 0.398 Fabius
Fair Haven Cayuga 760 1.755 Sterling
Fairport Monroe 5,501 1.589 Perinton
Falconer Chautauqua 2,269 1.093 Ellicott
Farmingdale Nassau 8,466 1.121 Oyster Bay
Farnham Erie 381 1.207 Brant
Fayetteville Onondaga 4,225 1.746 Manlius
Fishkill Dutchess 2,166 0.820 Fishkill
Fleischmanns Delaware 210 0.655 Middletown
Floral Park Nassau 16,172 1.417 Hempstead & North Hempstead
Florida Orange 2,888 2.251 Goshen & Warwick
Flower Hill Nassau 4,794 1.618 North Hempstead
Fonda Montgomery 668 0.539 Mohawk
Fort Ann Washington 460 0.293 Fort Ann
Fort Edward Washington 3,108 1.756 Fort Edward
Fort Johnson Montgomery 401 0.737 Amsterdam
Fort Plain Montgomery 1,930 1.346 Canajoharie & Minden
Frankfort Herkimer 2,320 1.014 Frankfort
Franklin Delaware 258 0.339 Franklin
Franklinville Cattaraugus 1,652 1.100 Franklinville
Fredonia Chautauqua 9,585 5.189 Pomfret
Freeport Nassau 44,472 4.628 Hempstead
Freeville Tompkins 498 1.058 Dryden
Fulton Oswego 11,389
Fultonville Montgomery 742 0.477 Glen
Gainesville Wyoming 211 0.856 Gainesville
Galway Saratoga 165 0.256 Galway
Garden City Nassau 23,272 5.330 Hempstead & North Hempstead
Geneseo Livingston 7,574 2.839 Geneseo
Geneva Ontario
Seneca[A]
12,812
Gilbertsville Otsego 308 1.003 Butternuts
Glen Cove Nassau 28,365
Glens Falls Warren 14,830
Glen Park Jefferson 452 0.708 Brownville & Pamelia
Gloversville Fulton 15,131
Goshen Orange 5,777 3.330 Goshen
Gouverneur St. Lawrence 3,526 2.191 Gouverneur
Gowanda Cattaraugus & Erie 2,513 1.593 Collins & Persia
Grand View-on-Hudson Rockland 246 0.176 Orangetown
Granville Washington 2,404 1.570 Granville
Great Neck Nassau 11,145 1.329 North Hempstead
Great Neck Estates Nassau 2,990 0.757 North Hempstead
Great Neck Plaza Nassau 7,482 0.312 North Hempstead
Green Island Albany 2,934 0.747 Green Island
Greene Chenango 1,463 1.068 Greene
Greenport Suffolk 2,583 0.956 Southold
Greenwich Washington 1,651 1.477 Easton & Greenwich
Greenwood Lake Orange 2,994 2.048 Warwick
Groton Tompkins 2,145 1.738 Groton
Hagaman Montgomery 1,117 1.498 Amsterdam
Hamburg Erie 9,696 2.486 Hamburg
Hamilton Madison 4,107 2.486 Eaton, Hamilton & Madison
Hammond St. Lawrence 273 0.586 Hammond
Hammondsport Steuben 583 0.345 Urbana
Hancock Delaware 908 1.502 Hancock
Hannibal Oswego 535 1.152 Hannibal
Harriman Orange 2,714 1.004 Monroe & Woodbury
Harrison Westchester 28,218 16.766 Harrison
Hastings-on-Hudson Westchester 8,590 1.952 Greenburgh
Haverstraw Rockland 12,323 1.980 Haverstraw
Head of the Harbor Suffolk 1,520 2.807 Smithtown
Hempstead Nassau 59,169 3.682 Hempstead
Herkimer Herkimer 7,234 2.588 Herkimer
Heuvelton St. Lawrence 722 0.761 Oswegatchie
Hewlett Bay Park Nassau 494 0.337 Hempstead
Hewlett Harbor Nassau 1,290 0.726 Hempstead
Hewlett Neck Nassau 569 0.193 Hempstead
Highland Falls Orange 3,684 1.090 Highlands
Hillburn Rockland 930 2.251 Ramapo
Hilton Monroe 6,027 1.780 Parma
Hobart Delaware 351 0.498 Stamford
Holland Patent Oneida 416 0.506 Trenton
Holley Orleans 1,754 1.268 Murray
Homer Cortland 3,210 1.925 Cortlandville & Homer
Honeoye Falls Monroe 2,706 2.543 Mendon
Hoosick Falls Rensselaer 3,216 1.598 Hoosick
Hornell Steuben 8,263
Horseheads Chemung 6,606 3.887 Horseheads
Hudson Columbia 5,894
Hudson Falls Washington 7,427 1.832 Kingsbury
Hunter Greene 429 1.735 Hunter
Huntington Bay Suffolk 1,446 0.998 Huntington
Ilion Herkimer 7,646 2.493 Frankfort & German Flatts
Interlaken Seneca 595 0.267 Covert
Irvington Westchester 6,652 2.773 Greenburgh
Island Park Nassau 4,928 0.445 Hempstead
Islandia Suffolk 3,567 2.220 Islip
Ithaca Tompkins 32,108
Jamestown Chautauqua 28,712
Jeffersonville Sullivan 368 0.405 Callicoon
Johnstown Fulton 8,204
Johnson City Broome 15,343 4.536 Union
Jordan Onondaga 1,192 1.146 Elbridge
Kaser Rockland 5,491 0.172 Ramapo
Kenmore Erie 15,205 1.435 Tonawanda
Kensington Nassau 1,226 0.254 North Hempstead
Kinderhook Columbia 1,170 2.104 Kinderhook
Kings Point Nassau 5,619 3.355 North Hempstead
Kingston Ulster 24,069
Kiryas Joel Orange 32,954 1.462 Palm Tree
Lacona Oswego 657 1.110 Sandy Creek
Lackawanna Erie 19,949
Lake George Warren 1,008 0.586 Lake George
Lake Grove Suffolk 11,072 2.947 Brookhaven
Lake Placid Essex 2,205 1.371 North Elba
Lake Success Nassau 2,828 1.845 North Hempstead
Lakewood Chautauqua 3,002 1.976 Busti
Lancaster Erie 10,027 2.698 Lancaster
Lansing Tompkins 3,648 4.610 Lansing
Larchmont Westchester 6,630 1.077 Mamaroneck
Lattingtown Nassau 1,881 3.755 Oyster Bay
Laurel Hollow Nassau 1,940 2.958 Oyster Bay
Laurens Otsego 185 0.128 Laurens
Lawrence Nassau 6,809 3.719 Hempstead
Le Roy Genesee 4,300 2.688 Le Roy
Leicester Livingston 440 0.367 Leicester
Lewiston Niagara 2,531 1.097 Lewiston
Liberty Sullivan 4,700 2.602 Liberty
Lima Livingston 2,094 1.346 Lima
Lindenhurst Suffolk 27,148 3.760 Babylon
Lisle Broome 348 0.936 Lisle
Little Falls Herkimer 4,605
Little Valley Cattaraugus 1,058 1.002 Little Valley
Liverpool Onondaga 2,242 0.757 Salina
Livonia Livingston 1,472 1.007 Livonia
Lloyd Harbor Suffolk 3,571 9.363 Huntington
Lockport Niagara 20,876
Lodi Seneca 254 0.551 Lodi
Long Beach Nassau 35,029
Lowville Lewis 3,272 1.911 Lowville
Lynbrook Nassau 20,438 2.014 Hempstead
Lyndonville Orleans 771 1.024 Yates
Lyons Falls Lewis 570 0.971 Lyonsdale & West Turin
Madison Madison 311 0.502 Madison
Malone Franklin 5,483 3.111 Malone
Malverne Nassau 8,560 1.058 Hempstead
Mamaroneck Westchester 20,151 3.170 Mamaroneck & Rye
Manchester Ontario 1,640 1.176 Manchester
Manlius Onondaga 4,662 1.785 Manlius
Mannsville Jefferson 297 0.897 Ellisburg
Manorhaven Nassau 6,956 0.465 North Hempstead
Marathon Cortland 892 1.130 Marathon
Marcellus Onondaga 1,745 0.622 Marcellus
Margaretville Delaware 514 0.684 Middletown
Massapequa Park Nassau 17,109 2.210 Oyster Bay
Massena St. Lawrence 10,151 4.524 Louisville, Massena & Norfolk
Matinecock Nassau 847 2.658 Oyster Bay
Maybrook Orange 3,150 1.354 Hamptonburgh & Montgomery
Mayfield Fulton 780 0.907 Mayfield
Mayville Chautauqua 1,442 1.991 Chautauqua
McGraw Cortland 972 0.987 Cortlandville
Mechanicville Saratoga 5,163
Medina Orleans 6,047 3.299 Ridgeway & Shelby
Menands Albany 4,554 3.058 Colonie
Meridian Cayuga 287 0.691 Cato
Mexico Oswego 1,531 2.145 Mexico
Middleburgh Schoharie 1,131 1.247 Middleburgh
Middleport Niagara 1,729 0.872 Hartland & Royalton
Middletown Orange 30,345
Middleville Herkimer 407 0.765 Fairfield & Newport
Milford Otsego 367 0.424 Milford
Mill Neck Nassau 1,054 2.609 Oyster Bay
Millbrook Dutchess 1,455 1.931 Washington
Millerton Dutchess 903 0.618 North East
Millport Chemung 301 0.348 Veteran
Mineola Nassau 20,800 1.880 Hempstead & North Hempstead
Minoa Onondaga 3,657 1.273 Manlius
Mohawk Herkimer 2,415 0.876 German Flatts
Monroe Orange 9,343 3.453 Monroe
Montebello Rockland 4,507 4.346 Ramapo
Montgomery Orange 3,834 1.406 Montgomery
Monticello Sullivan 7,173 3.985 Thompson
Montour Falls Schuyler 1,635 3.008 Dix & Montour
Moravia Cayuga 1,224 1.703 Moravia
Morris Otsego 486 0.746 Morris
Morrisville Madison 1,633 1.153 Eaton
Mount Kisco Westchester 10,959 3.035 Mount Kisco
Mount Morris Livingston 2,898 2.048 Mount Morris
Mount Vernon Westchester 73,893
Munnsville Madison 454 0.849 Stockbridge
Munsey Park Nassau 2,809 0.518 North Hempstead
Muttontown Nassau 3,512 6.063 Oyster Bay
Naples Ontario 931 0.985 Naples
Nassau Rensselaer 1,103 0.699 Nassau & Schodack
Nelliston Montgomery 555 1.105 Palatine
Nelsonville Putnam 624 1.034 Philipstown
New Berlin Chenango 901 1.066 New Berlin
New Hartford Oneida 1,859 0.617 New Hartford
New Hempstead Rockland 5,463 2.853 Ramapo
New Hyde Park Nassau 10,257 0.860 Hempstead & North Hempstead
New Paltz Ulster 7,324 1.715 New Paltz
New Rochelle Westchester 79,726
New Square Rockland 9,679 0.367 Ramapo
New York City Bronx, Kings, New York, Queens and Richmond 8,804,190
New York Mills Oneida 3,244 1.180 New Hartford & Whitestown
Newark Wayne 9,017 5.406 Arcadia
Newark Valley Tioga 928 0.988 Newark Valley
Newburgh Orange 28,856
Newport Herkimer 543 0.526 Newport
Niagara Falls Niagara 48,671
Nichols Tioga 457 0.518 Nichols
Nissequogue Suffolk 1,564 3.782 Smithtown
North Collins Erie 1,247 0.801 North Collins
North Haven Suffolk 1,162 2.713 Southampton
North Hills Nassau 5,464 2.759 North Hempstead
North Hornell Steuben 732 0.498 Hornellsville
North Syracuse Onondaga 6,739 1.958 Cicero & Clay
North Tonawanda Niagara 30,496
Northport Suffolk 7,347 2.308 Huntington
Northville Fulton 993 1.039 Northampton
Norwich Chenango 7,051
Norwood St. Lawrence 1,552 2.095 Norfolk & Potsdam
Nunda Livingston 1,169 0.993 Nunda
Nyack Rockland 7,265 0.770 Clarkstown & Orangetown
Oakfield Genesee 1,812 0.661 Oakfield
Ocean Beach Suffolk 153 0.141 Islip
Odessa Schuyler 517 1.137 Catharine & Montour
Ogdensburg St. Lawrence 10,064
Old Brookville Nassau 2,020 3.999 Oyster Bay
Old Field Suffolk 893 2.070 Brookhaven
Old Westbury Nassau 4,289 8.573 North Hempstead & Oyster Bay
Olean Cattaraugus 13,937
Oneida Madison 10,329 101
Oneida Castle Oneida 586 0.514 Vernon
Oneonta Otsego 13,079
Orchard Park Erie 3,108 1.346 Orchard Park
Oriskany Oneida 1,315 0.792 Whitestown
Oriskany Falls Oneida 658 0.506 Augusta
Ossining Westchester 27,551 3.149 Ossining
Oswego Oswego 16,921
Otego Otsego 875 1.159 Otego
Otisville Orange 969 0.764 Mount Hope
Ovid Seneca 534 0.398 Ovid & Romulus
Owego Tioga 3,654 2.454 Owego
Oxford Chenango 1,330 1.785 Oxford
Oyster Bay Cove Nassau 2,265 4.187 Oyster Bay
Painted Post Steuben 1,768 1.272 Erwin
Palatine Bridge Montgomery 796 0.883 Palatine
Palmyra Wayne 3,305 1.347 Palmyra
Panama Chautauqua 475 2.200 Harmony
Parish Oswego 447 1.605 Parish
Patchogue Suffolk 12,408 2.255 Brookhaven
Pawling Dutchess 1,995 1.997 Pawling
Peekskill Westchester 25,431
Pelham Westchester 7,326 0.829 Pelham
Pelham Manor Westchester 5,752 1.343 Pelham
Penn Yan Yates 5,056 2.381 Benton, Jerusalem & Milo
Perry Wyoming 3,536 2.337 Castile & Perry
Phelps Ontario 1,851 1.172 Phelps
Philadelphia Jefferson 1,098 0.904 Philadelphia
Philmont Columbia 1,377 1.187 Claverack
Phoenix Oswego 2,226 1.171 Schroeppel
Piermont Rockland 2,517 0.679 Orangetown
Pittsford Monroe 1,419 0.673 Pittsford
Plandome Nassau 1,448 0.495 North Hempstead
Plandome Heights Nassau 1,009 0.181 North Hempstead
Plandome Manor Nassau 793 0.484 North Hempstead
Plattsburgh Clinton 19,841
Pleasantville Westchester 7,513 1.824 Mount Pleasant
Poland Herkimer 464 0.543 Newport & Russia
Pomona Rockland 3,824 2.397 Haverstraw & Ramapo
Poquott Suffolk 903 0.439 Brookhaven
Port Byron Cayuga 1,101 0.979 Mentz
Port Chester Westchester 31,693 2.331 Rye
Port Dickinson Broome 1,699 0.637 Dickinson
Port Jefferson Suffolk 7,962 3.057 Brookhaven
Port Jervis Orange 8,775
Port Leyden Lewis 554 0.615 Leyden & Lyonsdale
Port Washington North Nassau 3,160 0.478 North Hempstead
Portville Cattaraugus 892 0.802 Portville
Potsdam St. Lawrence 8,312 4.447 Potsdam
Poughkeepsie Dutchess 31,577
Pulaski Oswego 2,186 3.484 Richland
Quogue Suffolk 1,662 4.191 Southampton
Ravena Albany 3,271 1.467 Coeymans
Red Creek Wayne 495 0.909 Wolcott
Red Hook Dutchess 1,975 1.102 Red Hook
Remsen Oneida 431 0.372 Remsen & Trenton
Rensselaer Rensselaer 9,210 1897
Rensselaer Falls St. Lawrence 361 0.291 Canton
Rhinebeck Dutchess 2,697 1.523 Rhinebeck
Richburg Allegany 401 0.900 Bolivar & Wirt
Richfield Springs Otsego 1,050 1.007 Richfield
Richmondville Schoharie 858 1.846 Richmondville
Richville St. Lawrence 234 0.738 De Kalb
Riverside Steuben 423 0.301 Corning
Rochester Monroe 211,328
Rockville Centre Nassau 26,016 3.247 Hempstead
Rome Oneida 32,127
Roslyn Nassau 2,988 0.645 North Hempstead
Roslyn Estates Nassau 1,318 0.438 North Hempstead
Roslyn Harbor Nassau 1,067 1.186 North Hempstead & Oyster Bay
Round Lake Saratoga 828 1.123 Malta
Rouses Point Clinton 2,195 1.761 Champlain
Rushville Ontario & Yates 651 0.639 Gorham & Potter
Russell Gardens Nassau 978 0.174 North Hempstead
Rye Westchester 16,592
Rye Brook Westchester 10,047 3.433 Rye
Sackets Harbor Jefferson 1,351 2.205 Hounsfield
Saddle Rock Nassau 989 0.246 North Hempstead
Sag Harbor Suffolk 2,772 1.804 East Hampton & Southampton
Sagaponack Suffolk 770 4.414 Southampton
Salamanca Cattaraugus 5,929
Saltaire Suffolk 113 0.233 Islip
Sands Point Nassau 2,712 4.230 North Hempstead
Sandy Creek Oswego 646 1.351 Sandy Creek
Saranac Lake Essex & Franklin 4,887 2.779 Harrietstown, North Elba & St. Armand
Saratoga Springs Saratoga 28,491
Saugerties Ulster 3,899 1.784 Saugerties
Savona Steuben 672 1.040 Bath
Scarsdale Westchester 18,253 6.660 Scarsdale
Schaghticoke Rensselaer 527 0.758 Schaghticoke
Schenectady Schenectady 67,047
Sherrill Oneida 3,077
Schoharie Schoharie 916 1.658 Schoharie
Schuylerville Saratoga 1,370 0.533 Saratoga
Scotia Schenectady 7,272 1.685 Glenville
Scottsville Monroe 2,009 1.082 Wheatland
Sea Cliff Nassau 5,062 1.115 Oyster Bay
Sharon Springs Schoharie 483 1.827 Sharon
Sherburne Chenango 1,360 1.519 Sherburne
Sherman Chautauqua 649 0.854 Sherman
Shoreham Suffolk 561 0.448 Brookhaven
Shortsville Ontario 1,400 0.668 Manchester
Sidney Delaware 3,697 2.374 Sidney
Silver Creek Chautauqua 2,617 1.160 Hanover
Silver Springs Wyoming 689 0.952 Gainesville
Sinclairville Chautauqua 579 1.612 Charlotte & Gerry
Skaneateles Onondaga 2,533 1.414 Skaneateles
Sleepy Hollow Westchester 9,986 2.161 Mount Pleasant
Sloan Erie 3,775 0.786 Cheektowaga
Sloatsburg Rockland 3,036 2.467 Ramapo
Smyrna Chenango 197 0.244 Smyrna
Sodus Wayne 1,667 0.941 Sodus
Sodus Point Wayne 822 1.468 Sodus
Solvay Onondaga 6,645 1.654 Geddes
South Blooming Grove Orange 3,973 4.674 Blooming Grove
South Corning Steuben 1,108 0.617 Corning
South Dayton Cattaraugus 541 1.006 Dayton
South Floral Park Nassau 1,741 0.096 Hempstead
South Glens Falls Saratoga 3,744 1.358 Moreau
South Nyack Rockland 2,699 0.605 Orangetown
Southampton Suffolk 4,550 6.422 Southampton
Speculator Hamilton 406 44.571 Lake Pleasant
Spencer Tioga 719 1.015 Spencer
Spencerport Monroe 3,685 1.337 Ogden
Spring Valley Rockland 33,066 2.016 Clarkstown & Ramapo
Springville Erie 4,225 3.672 Concord
St. Johnsville Montgomery 1,643 0.878 St. Johnsville
Stamford Delaware 1,040 1.333 Harpersfield & Stamford
Stewart Manor Nassau 1,992 0.210 Hempstead
Stillwater Saratoga 1,754 1.258 Stillwater
Suffern Rockland 11,441 2.089 Ramapo
Sylvan Beach Oneida 890 0.687 Vienna
Syracuse Onondaga 148,620
Tannersville Greene 568 1.164 Hunter
Tarrytown Westchester 11,860 2.926 Greenburgh
Theresa Jefferson 752 1.252 Theresa
Thomaston Nassau 2,759 0.408 North Hempstead
Tivoli Dutchess 1,012 1.610 Red Hook
Tonawanda Erie 15,129
Troy Rensselaer 51,401
Trumansburg Tompkins 1,714 1.387 Ulysses
Tuckahoe Westchester 7,084 0.598 Eastchester
Tully Onondaga 904 0.717 Tully
Tupper Lake Franklin 3,282 2.090 Tupper Lake
Turin Lewis 197 1.026 Turin
Tuxedo Park Orange 645 2.655 Tuxedo
Unadilla Otsego 1,065 1.037 Unadilla
Union Springs Cayuga 1,075 1.737 Springport
Unionville Orange 592 0.310 Minisink
Upper Brookville Nassau 1,786 4.319 Oyster Bay
Upper Nyack Rockland 2,015 1.222 Clarkstown
Utica Oneida 65,283
Valatie Columbia 1,785 1.254 Kinderhook
Valley Falls Rensselaer 510 0.463 Pittstown & Schaghticoke
Valley Stream Nassau 40,634 3.482 Hempstead
Vernon Oneida 1,177 0.946 Vernon
Victor Ontario 2,744 1.373 Victor
Victory Saratoga 666 0.525 Saratoga
Village of the Branch Suffolk 1,735 0.948 Smithtown
Voorheesville Albany 2,841 2.139 New Scotland
Waddington St. Lawrence 937 2.180 Waddington
Walden Orange 6,818 1.968 Montgomery
Watertown Jefferson 24,685
Watervliet Albany 10,375
Walton Delaware 2,885 1.541 Walton
Wampsville Madison 573 1.009 Lenox
Wappingers Falls Dutchess 6,103 1.108 Poughkeepsie & Wappinger
Warsaw Wyoming 3,646 4.106 Warsaw
Warwick Orange 6,652 2.417 Warwick
Washingtonville Orange 5,657 2.538 Blooming Grove
Waterford Saratoga 2,038 0.283 Waterford
Waterloo Seneca 4,810 2.157 Fayette, Seneca Falls & Waterloo
Waterville Oneida 1,473 1.416 Marshall & Sangerfield
Watkins Glen Schuyler 1,863 1.559 Dix & Reading
Waverly Tioga 4,373 2.293 Barton
Wayland Steuben 1,680 1.130 Wayland
Webster Monroe 5,651 2.202 Webster
Weedsport Cayuga 1,788 0.976 Brutus
Wellsburg Chemung 490 0.568 Ashland
Wellsville Allegany 4,587 2.424 Wellsville
Wesley Hills Rockland 6,116 3.353 Ramapo
West Carthage Jefferson 1,780 1.297 Champion
West Hampton Dunes Suffolk 126 0.329 Southampton
West Haverstraw Rockland 10,678 1.519 Haverstraw
West Winfield Herkimer 733 0.911 Winfield
Westbury Nassau 15,864 2.374 North Hempstead
Westfield Chautauqua 2,910 3.822 Westfield
Westhampton Beach Suffolk 2,150 2.931 Southampton
White Plains Westchester 59,559
Whitehall Washington 2,465 4.703 Whitehall
Whitesboro Oneida 3,612 1.050 Whitestown
Whitney Point Broome 960 1.043 Lisle & Triangle
Williamsville Erie 5,423 1.260 Amherst & Cheektowaga
Williston Park Nassau 7,591 0.626 North Hempstead
Wilson Niagara 1,247 0.813 Wilson
Windsor Broome 907 1.095 Windsor
Wolcott Wayne 1,556 1.948 Butler & Wolcott
Woodbury Orange 11,526 35.602 Woodbury
Woodridge Sullivan 747 1.603 Fallsburg
Woodsburgh Nassau 897 0.340 Hempstead
Wurtsboro Sullivan 1,124 1.266 Mamakating
Wyoming Wyoming 377 0.669 Middlebury
Yonkers Westchester 211,569
Yorkville Oneida 2,657 0.671 Whitestown
Youngstown Niagara 1,859 1.097 Porter

Extremes in size and population[edit]

The most populous and largest city by area in the state is by far New York City, home to 8,804,190 people and comprising just over 300 square miles (800 km2) of land (468.87 square miles (1,210 km2) including water). The least populous city is Sherrill, with just 3,071 inhabitants. The smallest city by area is Mechanicville, which covers 0.91 square miles (2.4 km2) (of which 0.08 square miles (0.2 km2) is water).[10][11]

Former villages[edit]

Listed below are former villages in the State of New York which either dissolved, consolidated or were acquired by another municipality between 1900 and 2018. To date during this period, there are a total of 47 villages that have chosen dissolution with more expected in the upcoming years.[12] A former village does have the option to re-incorporate in the future if the community chooses to do so. Unless otherwise specified, these communities are currently (or will be) considered census-designated places by the U.S. Census Bureau.[13]

Former villages in New York[2][9][14][15]
Village County Pop.
(2010)
Land
(sq mi)
Water
(sq mi)
Coordinates GEO ID
(FIPS code)
ANSI code
(GNIS ID)
Notes Town
Altmar Oswego 407 2.069 0.010 43.511877, -76.000756 3601550 02391512 Village dissolved on May 31, 2013. Albion
Amchir Orange ---- ---- ---- 41.426312, -74.441821 ---- ---- The Village of Amchir was annexed to the City of Middletown on April 30, 1968. Wallkill
Andes Delaware 252 1.193 0.000 42.187559, -74.780523 3602121 02627968 Village dissolved on December 31, 2003. Andes
Barneveld Oneida 284 0.192 0.000 43.273791, -75.189029 3604528 02391539 Village dissolved on December 31, 2017. Trenton
Belleville Jefferson 226 0.264 0.000 43.784196, -76.116912 3605683 02584243 Village dissolved in 1930. Ellisburg
Bloomingdale Essex ---- ---- ---- 44.407901, -74.087211 ---- ---- Village dissolved on December 31, 1985. It is currently classified as a hamlet within the Town of St. Armand. St. Armand
Bridgewater Oneida 470 0.607 0.000 42.877568, -75.250948 3608169 02391559 Village dissolved on December 31, 2014. Bridgewater
Brookfield Madison ---- ---- ---- 42.812925, -75.317467 ---- ---- Village dissolved on December 31, 1923. It is currently classified as a hamlet within the Town of Brookfield. Brookfield
Cherry Creek Chautauqua 461 1.362 0.000 42.295845, -79.100858 3615187 02391601 Village dissolved on December 31, 2017. Cherry Creek
Downsville Delaware 617 3.954 0.079 42.081425, -74.996796 3620852 02628045 Village dissolved on September 21, 1950. Colchester
East Bloomfield Ontario ---- ---- ---- 42.897425, -77.433465 ---- ---- East Bloomfield merged with Holcomb to become the Village of Bloomfield on March 27, 1990. East Bloomfield
East Randolph Cattaraugus 620 1.088 0.001 42.168059, -78.957205 3622843 02391653 Village dissolved on December 31, 2011. Conewango & Randolph
Eastwood Onondaga ---- ---- ---- 43.063205, -76.105919 ---- ---- The Village of Eastwood was annexed to the City of Syracuse on September 4, 1928. DeWitt & Salina
Edwards St. Lawrence 439 0.950 0.011 44.323659, -75.252926 3623635 02761297 Village dissolved on December 31, 2012. Edwards
Elizabethtown Essex 754 3.305 0.004 44.226218, -73.588920 3623822 02628047 Village dissolved on December 31, 1980. Elizabethtown
Fillmore Allegany 603 0.816 0.000 42.466951, -78.110703 3625747 02389084 Village dissolved on December 31, 1994. Hume
Forestport Oneida ---- ---- ---- 43.441968, -75.206914 ---- ---- Village dissolved on December 8, 1938. It is currently classified as a hamlet within the Town of Forestport. Forestport
Forestville Chautauqua 697 0.979 0.000 42.468463, -79.175544 3626649 02390843 Village dissolved on December 31, 2016. Hanover
Fort Covington Franklin 1,308 19.322 0.010 44.971778, -74.507574 3626752 02584256 Village dissolved on December 31, 1975. It is designated as "Fort Covington Hamlet" by the U.S. Census Bureau. Fort Covington
Friendship Allegany 1,218 2.889 0.000 42.205552, -78.141811 3627694 02389819 Village dissolved on December 31, 1977. Friendship
Harrisville Lewis 628 0.737 0.046 44.152823, -75.320546 3632424 02390884 Village dissolved on December 31, 2018. Diana
Henderson Jefferson 224 0.506 0.000 43.847966, -76.185235 3634044 02584266 Village dissolved in 1933. Henderson
Hermon St. Lawrence 422 0.380 0.000 44.467019, -75.231171 3634165 02390890 Village dissolved on December 31, 2016. Hermon
Herrings Jefferson 90 0.281 0.049 44.023285, -75.658220 3634220 02390891 Village dissolved on March 31, 2017. Wilna
Holcomb Ontario ---- ---- ---- 42.902270, -77.419946 ---- ---- Holcomb merged with East Bloomfield to become the Village of Bloomfield on March 27, 1990. East Bloomfield
Keeseville Clinton & Essex 1,815 1.173 0.055 44.504740, -73.482094 3639089 02390918 Village dissolved on December 31, 2014. Au Sable & Chesterfield
LaFargeville Jefferson 608 3.318 0.055 44.192383, -75.955933 3640233 02390010 Village dissolved on September 22, 1922. Orleans
Lansingburgh Rensselaer ---- ---- ---- 42.770142, -73.675427 ---- ---- The Village of Lansingburgh was annexed to the City of Troy on April 25, 1900. Lansingburgh
Limestone Cattaraugus 389 1.623 0.010 42.017267, -78.631327 3642378 02390942 Village dissolved on December 31, 2010. Carrollton
Lyons Wayne 3,619 4.074 0.077 43.063370, -76.993384 3643962 02390953 Village dissolved on December 31, 2015. Lyons
Macedon Wayne 1,523 1.225 0.007 43.068813, -77.302503 3644149 02390955 Village dissolved on March 31, 2017. Macedon
Marlboro Ulster 3,669 4.456 0.636 41.603811, -73.977152 3645700 02390122 Village dissolved on September 5, 1922, known at that time as the Village of Marlborough. Marlborough
Mastic Beach Suffolk 12,930 4.715 0.265 40.767592, -72.837558 3646085 02390131 Village dissolved on December 31, 2017. Brookhaven
Mooers Clinton 442 1.193 0.038 44.963630, -73.595463 3648241 02389503 Village dissolved on March 31, 1994. Mooers
Newfield Tompkins 759 1.257 0.001 42.357511, -76.593810 3650257 02389549 Village dissolved on December 31, 1927. It is designated as "Newfield Hamlet" by the U.S. Census Bureau. Newfield
North Bangor Franklin ---- ---- ---- 44.842103, -74.401011 ---- ---- Village dissolved in 1939. It is currently classified as a hamlet within the Town of Bangor. Bangor
Northville Suffolk 1,340 7.398 0.021 40.975572, -72.630246 3653775 02389592 Village dissolved in 1930. Riverhead
North Pelham Westchester ---- ---- ---- 40.915232, -73.807738 ---- ---- The Village of North Pelham merged with the Village of Pelham on June 1, 1975. Pelham
Old Forge Herkimer 756 1.786 0.178 43.706401, -74.969122 3654639 02631633 Village dissolved on March 31, 1936. Webb
Oramel Allegany ---- ---- ---- 42.365657, -78.135791 ---- ---- Village dissolved in 1925. It is currently classified as a hamlet within the Town of Caneadea. Caneadea
Perrysburg Cattaraugus 401 0.984 0.003 42.458422, -79.001067 3657287 02391059 Village dissolved on December 31, 2011. Perrysburg
Pike Wyoming 371 1.494 0.001 42.553994, -78.147560 3657815 02628178 Village dissolved on December 31, 2009. Pike
Pine Hill Ulster 275 2.075 0.010 42.132799, -74.473791 3658057 02389674 Village dissolved on December 31, 1986. Shandaken
Pine Valley Suffolk ---- ---- ---- 40.879853, -72.696948 ---- ---- Village dissolved on December 31, 1991. Part of Pine Valley was included in the Northampton CDP during the taking of the 2000 U.S. Federal Census. Southampton
Pleasant Valley Dutchess 9,826 0.934 0.025 41.746258, -73.826294 3658684 02389687 Village dissolved on September 30, 1926. Pleasant Valley
Port Henry Essex 1,194 1.177 0.300 44.046771, -73.461105 3659333 02391077 Village dissolved on March 31, 2017. Moriah
Prattsburgh Steuben 656 1.640 0.000 42.524795, -77.288316 3659708 02631235 Village dissolved on September 22, 1972. Prattsburgh
Prattsville Greene 355 4.038 0.000 42.347243, -74.428721 3659740 02628181 Village dissolved in 1900. Prattsville
Prospect Oneida 291 0.208 0.000 43.304975, -75.150720 3659883 02391083 Village dissolved on December 31, 2015. Trenton
Randolph Cattaraugus 1,286 3.251 0.011 42.162290, -78.979690 3660576 02391086 Village dissolved on December 31, 2011. Randolph
Rifton Ulster 456 1.175 0.000 41.828723, -74.038052 3661797 02389751 Village dissolved on August 18, 1919. Esopus
Rosendale Ulster 1,349 1.904 0.055 41.853172, -74.071420 3663742 02389777 Village dissolved on December 31, 1977. It was known as "Rosendale Village" by the U.S. Census Bureau until 2010, when it was designated as "Rosendale Hamlet." Some maps continue to list the place as just Rosendale. Rosendale
Roxbury Delaware ---- ---- ---- 42.300715, -74.554444 ---- ---- Village dissolved in 1900. It is currently classified as a hamlet within the Town of Roxbury. Roxbury
Salem Washington 946 2.928 0.000 43.172673, -73.326450 3664771 02391113 Village dissolved on March 31, 2016. Salem
Savannah Wayne 558 1.179 0.000 43.066710, -76.759543 3665332 02631236 Village dissolved on December 31, 1979. Savannah
Schenevus Otsego 551 1.029 0.000 42.549673, -74.826932 3665519 02390260 Village dissolved on December 31, 1994. Maryland
Seneca Falls Seneca 6,681 4.414 0.157 42.909180, -76.798951 3666322 02391127 Village dissolved on December 31, 2011. Seneca Falls
Ticonderoga Essex 3,382 4.272 0.079 43.842344, -73.423035 3673880 02390387 Village dissolved on December 31, 1993. Ticonderoga
Union Broome ---- ---- ---- 42.095078, -76.065302 ---- ---- The Village of Union was annexed to the Village of Endicott on March 15, 1921. Union
Van Etten Chemung 537 0.869 0.001 42.198052, -76.554511 3676881 02391183 Village dissolved on December 31, 2018. Van Etten
Village of The Landing Suffolk ---- ---- ---- 40.861577, -73.196897 ---- ---- Village dissolved on November 23, 1939. The community is now part of the Smithtown CDP. Smithtown
Westport Essex 518 2.361 0.000 44.183566, -73.438776 3680764 02390498 Village dissolved on December 31, 1992. Westport
Woodhull Steuben ---- ---- ---- 42.080424, -77.408630 ---- ---- Village dissolved on December 31, 1986. It is currently classified as a hamlet within the Town of Woodhull. Woodhull

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ Geneva is located within both the counties of Ontario and Seneca, although the section in Seneca County has no population and is all water.[16]
  2. ^ 1653 is the officially recognized date.[17] Peter Stuyvesant convinced the States General of the Netherlands to charter the city of Nieuw Amsterdam in 1653.[18] The English envoy, Richard Nicolls, renamed the city "New York" two days after capturing it in 1664.[19] Provincial governor Thomas Dongan rechartered the city under the auspices of the Duke of York in 1683,[20] though the charter was not published until 1686.[21] Finally, New York was reincorporated to include all five of its present boroughs in 1898.

References[edit]

  1. ^ United States Census[dead link]
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h "New York: 2010, Population and Housing Unit County, 2010 Census of Population and Housing (CPH-2-34)" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. June 2012. Retrieved January 9, 2013.
  3. ^ New York State Department of State, New York Department of State Announces Grant Awards to Assist the Town and Village of Salem with Village Dissolution, Press Release, July 13, 2015, Retrieved Mar. 16, 2016.
  4. ^ CBS New York, Mastic Beach Residents Vote To Dissolve Village, November 17, 2016, Retrieved Jan. 17, 2017.
  5. ^ Newsday, Mastic Beach holds election despite move to dissolve village by Deon J. Hampton, March 15, 2017, Retrieved Jul. 6, 2017.
  6. ^ The Post Journal, Cherry Creek Unveils Dissolution Details by Greg Fox, June 25, 2017, Retrieved Jul. 6, 2017.
  7. ^ "NYSDOS Division of Local Government Services". dos.ny.gov. Retrieved 2020-04-19.
  8. ^ a b c "State of New York Incorporated Places - 2020 Census - Data as of January 1, 2020". tigerweb.geo.census.gov. Retrieved 2022-03-12.
  9. ^ a b c d e f "Places: New York". 2010 Census Gazetteer Files. United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original (TXT) on May 18, 2014. Retrieved January 9, 2013. {{cite web}}: External link in |work= (help)
  10. ^ "2010 Demographic Profile". www.census.gov. Archived from the original on 23 September 2011. Retrieved 15 January 2022.
  11. ^ "New York". US Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2016-09-29. Retrieved 2017-05-14.
  12. ^ CGR - New York Code Article 19, Section 19: Dissolution of Villages, Retrieved Jun. 15, 2015.
  13. ^ "U.S. Census website". Retrieved 2015-06-15.
  14. ^ "Municipal Structures", Office of the State Comptroller
  15. ^ Fulton History - New York State Newspapers, Retrieved Jun. 13, 2015.
  16. ^ Overview of Geneva city near county borders (Map). USGS (ACME mapper). Retrieved 2009-06-25.
  17. ^ "New York 1653–1953", The New York Times, New York, New York (published 1953-02-02), 2 February 1953, ISSN 0362-4331, retrieved 2009-05-24
  18. ^ Roosevelt, Theodore (1891), New York: A Sketch of the City's Social, Political, and Commercial Progress from the First Dutch Settlement to Recent Times, New York, New York: Longmans, Green, p. 30, OCLC 2306039, retrieved 2009-05-24, It was under Stuyvesant, in 1653, that the town was formally incorporated as a city
  19. ^ Roosevelt, Theodore (1891), New York: A Sketch of the City's Social, Political, and Commercial Progress from the First Dutch Settlement to Recent Times, New York, New York: Longmans, Green, p. 46, OCLC 2306039, retrieved 2009-05-24, The expedition against New Amsterdam had been organized with the Duke of York, afterward King James II., as its special patron, and the city was rechristened in his honor.
  20. ^ Roosevelt, Theodore (1891), New York: A Sketch of the City's Social, Political, and Commercial Progress from the First Dutch Settlement to Recent Times, New York, New York: Longmans, Green, p. 56, OCLC 2306039, retrieved 2009-05-24, Under the influence of Dongan, he did indeed grant to the city itself a charter of special rights and privileges
  21. ^ Dongan, Thomas (1694), The charter of the city of New-York, New York, New York: William Bradford, OCLC 55899385, retrieved 2009-05-24