List of metropolitan areas in the West Indies

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This is a list of metropolitan areas in the West Indies. As described by Encyclopædia Britannica Online, the West Indies are a crescent-shaped group of islands more than 2,000 miles (3,200 km) long separating the Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean, to the west and south, from the Atlantic Ocean, to the east and north. From the peninsula of Florida on the mainland of the United States, the islands stretch 1,200 miles (1,900 km) southeastward, then 500 miles (800 km) south, then west along the north coast of Venezuela on the South American mainland.[1] Any city, town, or any other form of settlement that lies within this area can be considered a West Indian city. Despite this, some countries such as Guyana, Suriname, and Belize which lie in South America and Central America respectively, are not geographically a part of the West Indies, but because of their historical, cultural, and political standpoint they have always been included as one.[citation needed]

The following is a list of the first forty-three West Indian metropolitan areas by their total population. The list makes a distinction between cities that lie within the Caribbean Community or CARICOM and those that do not. For related lists, see below.

  Within the Caribbean Community
# Metropolitan area name Country Population Metro area Density Notes
1 Santo Domingo  Dominican Republic 3,712,391[2] 1,400.79 km2 2,722.2/km2 The oldest permanent city established by Europeans in the Americas, largest city in the Caribbean and capital of the Dominican Republic.[3]
2 San Juan  Puerto Rico 395,326 (city)
2,478,905 (metro)[4]
199.2 km2 (city) 1,984.6/km2 (city) The capital and largest city of Puerto Rico. Second most populous metropolitan area in the Caribbean.[5]
3 Port-au-Prince  Haiti 942,194 (city) 2,470,762 (metro)[6] 735.78 km2 3,817.89/km2 Capital and largest city of Haiti.[7]
4 Havana  Cuba 2,141,993 721.1 km2 2,970.5/km2 Capital of Cuba and third largest metropolitan area in the Caribbean; by some definitions, the largest Caribbean city.[8]
5 Santiago de los Caballeros  Dominican Republic 1,198,754[9] 524 km2 3,800.2/km2 Second-largest city of the Dominican Republic.
6 Kingston and Saint Andrew Corporation   Jamaica 937,700 480 km2 1,358.1/km2 Capital of Jamaica and most populous English-speaking Caribbean city.[10]
7 East-West Corridor  Trinidad and Tobago  548,000 899 km2 609.6/km2
8 Carrefour  Haiti 439,581[6] 164.9 km2 2,665.7/km2
9 Santiago de Cuba  Cuba 423,392 1,023.8 km2 413.5/km2
10 Delmas  Haiti 377,199[6] 80.2 km2 4,703.1/km2
11 Pétionville  Haiti 359,615[6] 165,49 km2 2,070.8/km2
12 Greater Georgetown  Guyana 354,964 147.6 km2 2,404.9/km2 The capital and largest city of Guyana as well as the largest West Indian city located below sea level.[11]
13 Aguadilla  Puerto Rico 60,949 (city)
306,292 (metro)[4]
94.7 km2 (city) 308.3/km2 (city)
14 Camagüey  Cuba 301,574 1,106 km2 272.6/km2
15 La Romana  Dominican Republic 301,375 653,95 km2 490 /km2
16 Puerto Plata  Dominican Republic 277,981 459.71 km2 604.7/km2
17 Holguín  Cuba 269,618 666 km2 404.8/km2
18 Nassau  Bahamas 248,948 207 km2 1,206.6/km2 Capital and largest city in the Bahamas.[12]
19 Ponce  Puerto Rico 166,327 (city)
243,147 (metro)[4]
183 km2 (city) 331.7/km2 (city) Second-most significant city, but fourth in population and third-most populous primary metropolitan area of Puerto Rico.[13]
20 Paramaribo  Suriname 242,946 183 km2 1,327.6/km2 Largest city and capital of Suriname.[14]
21 Bridgetown Metropolitan Area  Barbados 115,233 40 km2 7,400/km2 Capital of and largest city in Barbados; also the oldest English-speaking city in the Caribbean.

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