Statutory city (Czech Republic)

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Prague, Capital of the Czech Republic

In Czech politics, a statutory city (Czech: statutární město) is a municipal corporation which has been granted city status by Act of Parliament. It is more prestigious than the simple title město ("city" or "town"), which can be awarded by the cabinet and chair of the Chamber of Deputies to a municipality which applies for it. Statutory city status is partially ceremonial; the mayor is called primátor, rather than the starosta of other municipalities. Statutory cities are allowed to subdivide into self-governing boroughs (sg. městský obvod or městská část) with their own elected councils; such a statutory city has to issue a statute (statut) that delimits power to boroughs. As of 2016 only seven of then total 25 statutory cities have done so. Also the capital of Prague, while not being de iure statutory city, is subdivided into similar self-governing boroughs.

History[edit]

The model, derived from its common origin in Austria-Hungary, was renewed after the fall of communism by the Act on Municipalities in 1990, which established 13 statutory cities in addition to Prague, the capital city which is a de facto statutory city. Unlike Austria, before districts of the Czech Republic were abolished only the three largest cities (Brno, Ostrava and Plzeň) constituted a district okres on their own; the others were a part (though always a capital, except Havířov) of a district with smaller municipalities. As the prestige associated with statutory city status grew, 12 additional statutory cities were created by the Act on Municipalities in 2000[1] and its four later amendments.

There are only two statutory cities, Havířov and Třinec, that are not seats of their eponymous districts.

List[edit]

Since August 2018, there are 26 statutory cities (plus Prague), comprising all Czech cities over 40 thousand inhabitants (and Třinec):

Name Population[2] Area (km²) Region Statutory city since
Prague flag with CoA.svg Prague (Praha) 1,308,632 496 Prague “time immemorial”
Flag of Brno.svg Brno 380,681 230 South Moravian Region 1990
Flag of Ostrava.svg Ostrava 289,128 214 Moravian-Silesian Region 1990
Flag of Plzen.svg Plzeň 172,441 138 Plzeň Region 1990
Flag of Liberec.svg Liberec 104,445 106 Liberec Region 1990
Olomouc flag.png Olomouc 100,523 103 Olomouc Region 1990
Flag of Ceske Budejovice.svg České Budějovice 94,014 56 South Bohemian Region 1990
Flag of Usti nad Labem.svg Ústí nad Labem 92,952 94 Ústí nad Labem Region 1990
Flag of Hradec Kralove.svg Hradec Králové 92,742 106 Hradec Králové Region 1990
Flag of Pardubice.svg Pardubice 90,688 78 Pardubice Region 1990
Flag of Zlin.svg Zlín 74,997 119 Zlín Region 1990
Flag of Havířov.svg Havířov 71,903 32 Moravian-Silesian Region 1990
Kladno prapor.gif Kladno 69,054 37 Central Bohemian Region 2000
Flag of Most.svg Most 66,186 87 Ústí nad Labem Region 2000
Opava Flag.svg Opava 56,638 91 Moravian-Silesian Region 1990
Flag of Frydek-Mistek.svg Frýdek-Místek 55,931 52 Moravian-Silesian Region 2006
Karwina flag.svg Karviná 52,824 57 Moravian-Silesian Region 2003
Jihlava prapor.gif Jihlava 50,845 79 Vysočina Region 2000
Flag of Teplice.svg Teplice 49,575 24 Ústí nad Labem Region 2003
Flag of Decin.svg Děčín 48,809 118 Ústí nad Labem Region 2006
Chomutov prapor.gif Chomutov 48,720 29 Ústí nad Labem Region 2006
Karlovy Vary (CZE) - flag.gif Karlovy Vary 48,501 59 Karlovy Vary Region 1990
Jablonec-vlajka.svg Jablonec nad Nisou 45,802 31 Liberec Region 2012
Flag of Mlada Boleslav.svg Mladá Boleslav 44,489 29 Central Bohemian Region 2003
Prostejov prapor.png Prostějov 43,680 39 Olomouc Region 2012
Prerov.jpg Přerov 43,186 59 Olomouc Region 2006
Trinec vlajka.svg Třinec 35,131 85 Moravian-Silesian Region 2018

References[edit]