List of cities in Taiwan

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  Special municipality
  Provincial city
  County-controlled city

In the structural hierarchy of the administrative divisions in Taiwan, there are three types of administrative divisions with City (市, shì) in their names.

Name Chinese Pinyin Pe̍h-ōe-jī No.
    Special municipality 直轄市 zhíxiáshì Ti̍t-hat-chhī 6
    Provincial city or 省轄市 shì or shěngxiáshì chhī or Séng-hat-chhī 3
    County-controlled city 縣轄市 xiànxiáshì koān-hat-chhī 13

Most special municipalities are relatively big and contain large portions of rural areas. Sometimes the populations of districts making up the cities prior to 2010 are used as reference.

Name
    Reference

The 22 most populous cities in Taiwan, and those of pre-2010 & pre-2014 county-controlled city converted districts are (not in order):

Name Chinese County Formation Population
(DEC. 2014)[1]
Changhua 彰化市 Changhua County 1951-12-01 235,022
Chiayi 嘉義市 ABnone 1982-07-01 270,883
Douliu 斗六市 Yunlin County 1981-12-25 108,098
Hsinchu 新竹市 ABnone 1982-07-01 431,988
Hualien 花蓮市 Hualien County 1946-01-16 106,368
Kaohsiung 高雄市 AAnone 2010-12-25 2,778,992
Keelung 基隆市 ABnone 1945-10-25 373,077
Magong 馬公市 Penghu County 1981-12-25 60,335
Miaoli 苗栗市 Miaoli County 1981-12-25 90,963
Nantou 南投市 Nantou County 1981-12-25 102,314
New Taipei 新北市 AAnone 2010-12-25 3,966,818
Pingtung 屏東市 Pingtung County 1951-12-01 203,866
Puzi 朴子市 Chiayi County 1992-09-10 43,250
Taibao 太保市 Chiayi County 1991-07-01 37,038
Taichung 臺中市 AAnone 2010-12-25 2,719,835
Tainan 臺南市 AAnone 2010-12-25 1,884,284
Taipei 臺北市 AAnone 1967-07-01 2,702,315
Taitung 臺東市 Taitung County 1976-01-01 106,929
Taoyuan 桃園市 AAnone 2014-12-25 2,058,328
Yilan 宜蘭市 Yilan County 1946-01-16 95,885
Yuanlin 員林市 Changhua County 2015-08-08 124,725
Zhubei 竹北市 Hsinchu County 1988-10-31 165,118
Former Kaohsiung
(11 districts)
原高雄市 AAnone 1979-07-01 1,518,162
Former Taichung
(8 districts)
原臺中市 AAnone 1945-10-25 1,117,763
Former Tainan
(6 districts)
原臺南市 AAnone 1945-10-25 779,065
Bade District
(former County-controlled city)
八德區 Former Taoyuan County 1995-01-01 181,431
Banqiao District
(former County-controlled city)
板橋區 Former Taipei County 1972-07-01 555,914
Dali District
(former County-controlled city)
大里區 Former Taichung County 1993-11-01 206,318
Fengshan District
(former County-controlled city)
鳳山區 Former Kaohsiung County 1972-07-01 354,093
Fengyuan District
(former County-controlled city)
豐原區 Former Taichung County 1976-03-01 166,458
Luzhou District
(former County-controlled city)
蘆洲區 Former Taipei County 1997-10-06 199,750
Luzhu District
(former County-controlled city)
蘆竹區 Former Taoyuan County 2014-06-03 151,354
Pingzhen District
(former County-controlled city)
平鎮區 Former Taoyuan County 1992-03-01 212,328
Sanchong District
(former County-controlled city)
三重區 Former Taipei County 1962-04-01 389,325
Shulin District
(former County-controlled city)
樹林區 Former Taipei County 1999-10-04 184,167
Taoyuan District
(former County-controlled city)
桃園區 Former Taoyuan County 1971-04-21 417,366
Taiping District
(former County-controlled city)
太平區 Former Taichung County 1996-08-01 181,537
Tucheng District
(former County-controlled city)
土城區 Former Taipei County 1993-06-26 239,270
Xindian District
(former County-controlled city)
新店區 Former Taipei County 1980-01-15 299,730
Xinying District
(former County-controlled city)
新營區 Former Tainan County 1981-12-25 78,231
Xinzhuang District
(former County-controlled city)
新莊區 Former Taipei County 1980-01-15 411,711
Xizhi District
(former County-controlled city)
汐止區 Former Taipei County 1999-07-01 195,140
Yangmei District
(former County-controlled city)
楊梅區 Former Taoyuan County 2010-08-01 157,200
Yonghe District
(former County-controlled city)
永和區 Former Taipei County 1979-01-01 227,267
Yongkang District
(former County-controlled city)
永康區 Former Tainan County 1993-05-01 228,651
Zhonghe District
(former County-controlled city)
中和區 Former Taipei County 1979-01-01 415,226
Zhongli District
(former County-controlled city)
中壢區 Former Taoyuan County 1967-07-01 381,449

Dissolved cities (since 1945)[edit]

Name Chinese Founded Dissolved Merged division
Bade 八德市 1995-01-01 2014-12-25 merge into Taoyuan
Banqiao 板橋市 1972-07-01 2010-12-25 merge into New Taipei
Changhua (Provincial) 彰化市(省轄) 1945-10-25 1951-12-01 downgraded into County-controlled city
Chiayi (County) 嘉義市(縣轄) 1950-08-16 1982-07-01 upgraded into Provincial city
Dali 大里市 1993-11-01 2010-12-25 merge into Taichung
Fengshan 鳳山市 1972-07-01 2010-12-25 merge into Kaohsiung
Fengyuan 豐原市 1976-03-01 2010-12-25 merge into Taichung
Hsinchu (County) 新竹市(縣轄) 1951-12-01 1982-07-01 upgraded into Provincial city
Kaohsiung (Provincial) 高雄市(省轄) 1945-10-25 1979-07-01 upgraded into Special municipality
Luzhou 蘆洲市 1997-10-06 2010-12-25 merge into New Taipei
Luzhu 蘆竹市 2014-06-03 2014-12-25 merge into Taoyuan
Pingtung (Provincial) 屏東市(省轄) 1945-10-25 1951-12-01 downgraded into County-controlled city
Pingzhen 平鎮市 1992-03-01 2014-12-25 merge into Taoyuan
Sanchong 三重市 1962-04-01 2010-12-25 merge into New Taipei
Shulin 樹林市 1999-10-04 2010-12-25 merge into New Taipei
Taichung (Provincial) 臺中市(省轄) 1945-10-25 2010-12-25 upgraded into Special municipality
Tainan (Provincial) 臺南市(省轄) 1945-10-25 2010-12-25 upgraded into Special municipality
Taipei (Provincial) 臺北市(省轄) 1945-10-25 1967-07-01 upgraded into Special municipality
Taiping 太平市 1996-08-01 2010-12-25 merge into Taichung
Taoyuan (County) 桃園市(縣轄) 1971-04-21 2014-12-25 merge into Taoyuan
Tucheng 土城市 1993-06-26 2010-12-25 merge into New Taipei
Xindian 新店市 1980-01-15 2010-12-25 merge into New Taipei
Xinying 新營市 1981-12-25 2010-12-25 merge into Tainan
Xinzhuang 新莊市 1980-01-15 2010-12-25 merge into New Taipei
Xizhi 汐止市 1999-07-01 2010-12-25 merge into New Taipei
Yangmei 楊梅市 2010-08-01 2014-12-25 merge into Taoyuan
Yonghe 永和市 1979-01-01 2010-12-25 merge into New Taipei
Yongkang 永康市 1993-05-01 2010-12-25 merge into Tainan
Zhonghe 中和市 1979-01-01 2010-12-25 merge into New Taipei
Zhongli 中壢市 1967-07-01 2014-12-25 merge into Taoyuan

Dissolved cities (1920—1945)[edit]

Name Chinese Founded Dissolved Merged division
Taihoku 臺北市(州轄) 1920-10-01 1945-10-25 renamed as Taipei
Taichū 臺中市(州轄) 1920-10-01 1945-10-25 renamed as Taichung
Tainan 臺南市(州轄) 1920-10-01 1945-10-25 renamed as Tainan
Kīrun 基隆市(州轄) 1924-12-25 1945-10-25 renamed as Keelung
Takao 高雄市(州轄) 1924-12-25 1945-10-25 renamed as Kaohsiung
Shinchiku 新竹市(州轄) 1930-01-20 1945-10-25 renamed as Hsinchu
Kagi 嘉義市(州轄) 1930-01-20 1945-10-25 renamed as Chiayi
Shōka 彰化市(州轄) 1933-12-20 1945-10-25 renamed as Changhua
Heitō 屏東市(州轄) 1933-12-20 1945-10-25 renamed as Pingtung
Giran 宜蘭市(州轄) 1940-10-01 1945-10-25 renamed as Yilan
Karenkō 花蓮港市 1940-10-01 1945-10-25 renamed as Hualien
Nītaka 新高市 (failed) (failed) failed to established

Alphabetical list of all cities and townships (Hanyu Pinyin)[edit]

List of all cities and townships in Taiwan.

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Alphabetical list of all cities and townships (Tongyong Pinyin)[edit]

Tongyong Pinyin was the standard of Chinese romanization of Taiwan between 2002 and 2008. Although the standard was shifted to Hanyu Pinyin from January 1, 2009, the change to signs and documents using Tongyong Pinyin is not complete. There are still some signs using Tongyong Pinyin on highways and roads.

A[edit]

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Y[edit]

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See also[edit]

References[edit]