List of cities in the United Kingdom

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This is a list of cities in the United Kingdom that are officially designated such as of 26 January 2022.[1][2][3] It lists those places that have been granted city status by letters patent or royal charter. There are currently a total of 70 such cities in the United Kingdom: 52 in England, seven in Scotland, six in Wales, and five in Northern Ireland.[3] Of these, 23 in England, two in Wales, and two in Northern Ireland have Lord Mayors; four in Scotland have Lord Provosts.[a] In some cases, the area holding city status does not coincide with the built up area or conurbation of which it forms part. In Greater London, for example, the City of London and that of Westminster each hold city status separately but no other local authority has been granted city status, nor has Greater London as a whole. In other cases, such as the Cities of Canterbury and Lancaster, the status applies to a local government district which extends over a number of towns and rural areas outside the main settlement proper.[4] In England, the status sometimes applies to civil parishes, such as the City of Ripon; though the status may not apply to the local government district which share their name. For example, the civil parishes of Lichfield and Chichester each hold city status, but the Lichfield District and the Chichester District, in which they are situated, respectively, do not.

The list does not include settlements like Luton, Northampton and Reading which, despite having populations of over 200,000, have not been awarded city status and thus formally remain as towns.

In addition to the cities on the main list, eight new cities were announced in May 2022 to celebrate the Platinum Jubilee of Elizabeth II, which once confirmed will take the total number within the UK mainland to 76, comprising 55 in England, eight in Scotland, seven in Wales and six in Northern Ireland.[5] In addition, Douglas (on the Isle of Man) and Stanley (in the Falkland Islands) were also given city status.

History[edit]

The initial cities (Latin: civitas) of Britain were the fortified settlements organised by the Romans as the capitals of the Celtic tribes under Roman rule. The British clerics of the early Middle Ages later preserved a traditional list of the "28 Cities" (Old Welsh: cair) which was mentioned by Gildas[7] and listed by Nennius.[8]

The title of city was initially informal and, into the 20th century, royal charters were considered to recognise city status rather than to grant it.[10] The usual criterion in early modern Britain was the presence of a cathedral, particularly after King Henry VIII granted letters patent establishing six new cities when he established a series of new dioceses in the 1540s as part of the English Reformation.[11] No new cities were created between the 16th and 19th centuries, but following the Industrial Revolution and the accompanying population boom and growth in urbanisation, new sees were established at Ripon (1836) and Manchester (1847); their councils began to style them cities immediately. Inverness in Scotland was even refused a charter at the time of the Jubilee honours of 1897, in part because it would have drawn more attention to the other traditional "cities" still not formally chartered as such.[4]

Beginning in the mid-19th century, however, the process became more formal. A visit by Queen Victoria in 1851 prompted Manchester to petition Parliament for recognition of its status. Ripon followed in the 1860s, and a series of hitherto informal "cities" were formally recognised in the 1880s and 1890s. On the basis of its size, importance, and regular government, Belfast was elevated in spite of its lack of a cathedral in 1888; other large municipalities followed, while smaller applicants began to be rejected. King Edward VII and the Home Office established three criteria for future applicants in 1907—a minimum population of 300,000, a good record of local government, and a "local metropolitan character"[4] – but these criteria were not made public, and following Leicester's successful elevation in 1919 a series of exceptions were made. The 1972 Local Government Act effectively eliminated all authorities holding city status outside Greater London on 1 April 1974; most of their replacements were confirmed in their predecessor's status—even in cases such as the City of Carlisle, where much of the local authority area is undeveloped countryside—but the Borough of Medway was not permitted to continue Rochester's title. In recent times there have been competitions for new grants of city status. Towns or councils that claim city status or add "city" to their name have been known to be rebuked by the Advertising Standards Authority.[12]

The cities of Scotland and Ireland were treated separately. Scottish towns irregularly applied the description to themselves, but were formally organised as royal burghs; the special rights of these were preserved by Article XXI of the Treaty of Union which established the single state of Great Britain in 1707.[13] Edinburgh and Glasgow were confirmed as cities "by ancient usage" in the 18th century,[4] as was Aberdeen, and this was later reconfirmed in the Act enlarging the burgh in 1891. Dundee was granted letters patent in 1889 and Elgin and Perth were recognised as cities by the Home Office in 1972, before the privilege was removed by the Scottish Local Government Act of 1973.[14]

In Ireland, only the seat of the primate at Armagh was accorded city status by ancient usage, and this status was abolished by the Irish Municipal Corporations Act of 1840. All other cities have been those explicitly recognised as such.

List of cities[edit]

The column entitled 'Cathedral (pre-1889 England & Wales only)' in the table lists the cathedral that gave the city, all these cathedrals are Church of England, as only Anglican dioceses created before 1889 in England and Wales had an effect on city status, if a city's entry in the column says not applicable, it means that the city did not need to have a cathedral to be given city status, not that the city does not have a cathedral.

City[3][1] Year granted
or confirmed
Cathedral
(pre-1889 England & Wales only)
City council Flag Nation/region Image Population
Aberdeen32
(Scots: Aiberdeen)
(Scottish Gaelic: Obar Dheathain)
189131(Burgh: 1179) not applicable Local government district
(Council area)

Map

Flag of Aberdeen.png Scotland 222,79338
Armagh11
(Irish: Ard Mhacha)
(Ulster-Scots: Airmagh)
1994 not applicable None. Represented on Armagh City, Banbridge and Craigavon Borough Council

Map

Flag of Armagh.png Northern Ireland Cathedrale d Armagh.jpg 14,777 (2011)[15]
Bangor1 time immemorial Cathedral Church of St Deiniol Community

Map

Flag of Bangor.png Wales Panorama Bangor 03 977.png 18,808 (2011)[16]
Bath1 1090 Abbey Church of SS Peter & Paul4 Charter trustees

Map

Flag of Bath.png South West, England Bath, Somerset Panorama - April 2011.jpg 88,859 (2011)[17]
97,311 (urban area, 2010)[18]
Belfast
(Irish: Béal Feirste)
(Ulster-Scots: Bilfawst)
1888 not applicable Local government district

Map

Flag of Belfast.svg Northern Ireland 333,871 (2011)[19]
Birmingham2 188933 not applicable Local government district
(Metropolitan borough)

Map

Birmingham City Flag.svg West Midlands, England Birmingham Skyline from Edgbaston Cricket Ground crop.jpg 1,092,330 (2013)[20]
Bradford1 1897 not applicable Local government district
(Metropolitan borough)

Map

Flag of Bradford.png Yorkshire and the Humber, England Bradford City Hall from National Media Museum.jpg 522,452 (2011)[21]
Brighton & Hove15 2001 not applicable Local government district
(Unitary)

Map

Brighton Flag.png South East, England Brighton and Hove skyline at night.jpg 273,369 (2011)[21]
Bristol1 1542 Cathedral Church of the Holy & Undivided Trinity Local government district
(Unitary and county)

Map

Bristol Flag.jpg South West, England Bristol (UK), Bristol Cathedral -- 2013 -- 1570.jpg 428,234 (2011)[21]
Cambridge3 195125 not applicable Local government district
(Non-metropolitan borough)

Map

Flag of the City of Cambridge.png East, England KingsCollegeChapelWest.jpg 123,867 (2011)[21]
Canterbury3 time immemorial Cathedral & Metropolitical Church of Christ Local government district
(Non-metropolitan borough)

Map

Flag of Canterbury.png South East, England Canterburyfromuniversity.png 151,145 (2011)[21]
Cardiff9
(Welsh: Caerdydd)
190529 not applicable Local government district
(Principal area)

Map

Flag of Cardiff.svg Wales 346,090 (2011)[21]
Carlisle1 1133 Cathedral Church of the Holy & Undivided Trinity Local government district
(Non-metropolitan borough)

Map

Flag of Carlisle.png North West, England 107,524 (2011)[21]
Chelmsford37 2012 not applicable Local government district
(Non-metropolitan borough)

Map

Flag of Chelmsford.png East, England Chelmsford, The Shire Hall.jpg 168,310 (2011)[21]
Chester3 1541 Cathedral Church of Christ & the Blessed Virgin Mary Charter trustees

Map

Flag of Chester.png North West, England Bridge Street, Chester.jpg 91,733 (urban area, 2010)[18]
Chichester1 1075 Cathedral Church of the Holy Trinity Civil parish

Map

Flag of Chichester.png South East, England Chichester Cathedral epodkopaev.jpg 26,795 (2011)[22]
Coventry1 1102 St Michael's Cathedral5 Local government district
(Metropolitan borough)

Map

Coventry city flag.svg West Midlands, England Skyline of Coventry as seen from Baginton 3g06.JPG 316,915 (2011)[21]
Derby13 1977 not applicable Local government district
(Unitary)

Map

Flag of Derby.png East Midlands, England 248,752 (2011)[21]
Derry39
(Irish: Doire)
(Ulster-Scots: Derrie)
1604[23] not applicable None. Represented on Derry City and Strabane District Council

Map

Londonderry flag.svg Northern Ireland 107,877 (2011)[15]
Dundee32
(Scottish Gaelic: Dùn Dèagh)
188930
(Burgh: 1191)
not applicable Local government district
(Council area)

Map

Flag of Dundee.png Scotland 147,26838
Durham1 995 Cathedral Church of Christ, St Mary the Virgin and St Cuthbert Charter trustees

Map

Flag of Durham.svg North East, England Durham Millburngate Bridge.jpg 94,375 (2011)[24]
Edinburgh32
(Scottish Gaelic: Dùn Èideann)
18th century[25]
(Burgh: 1329)
not applicable Local government district
(Council area)

Map

Flag of Edinburgh.svg Scotland Edinburgh from Calton Hill with Dugald Stewart Monument 3.JPG 476,62638
Ely1 1109[citation needed] Cathedral Church of the Holy & Undivided Trinity Civil parish

Map

Flag of Ely.png East, England Ely Oliver Cromwell House.jpg 20,256 (2011)[26]
Exeter1 time immemorial Cathedral Church of St Peter Local government district
(Non-metropolitan borough)

Map

Exeter Flag.png South West, England Exeter from Haldon.jpg 127,709 (2020)[21]
Glasgow32
(Scots: Glesga)
(Scottish Gaelic: Glaschu)
18th century[4]
(Burgh: 1492)
not applicable Local government district
(Council area)

Map

Flag of Glasgow.png Scotland 593,24538
Gloucester1 1541 Cathedral Church of St Peter & the Holy and Indivisible Trinity Local government district
(Non-metropolitan borough)

Map

Gloucester Flag.png South West, England Gloucester Cathedral exterior front.jpg 121,688 (2011)[21]
Hereford119 time immemorial Cathedral Church of SS Mary the Virgin & Ethelbert the King Civil parish

Map

Flag of Hereford.png West Midlands, England 58,896 (2011)[27]
Inverness
(Scots: Inerness)(Scottish Gaelic: Inbhir Nis)
2001 not applicable None

Map

Flag of Inverness.png Scotland Inverness Castle from Bishops Road Inverness Scotland.jpg 79,415[28]
Kingston upon Hull12 1897 not applicable Local government district
(Unitary)

Map

Flag of Kingston-upon-Hull.png Yorkshire and the Humber, England 256,406 (2011)[21]
Lancaster1 193726 not applicable Local government district
(Non-metropolitan borough)

Map

Flag of Lancaster.png North West, England City of Lancaster (2).jpg 138,375 (2011)[21]
Leeds1 1893 not applicable Local government district
(Metropolitan borough)

Map

Flag of Leeds.png Yorkshire and the Humber, England Leeds CBD at night.jpg 751,485 (2011)[21]
Leicester1 191922 not applicable Local government district
(Unitary)

Map

Flag of the City of Leicester.png East Midlands, England Central Leicester Skyline.jpg 329,839 (2011)[21]
Lichfield17 time immemorial Cathedral Church of SS Mary & Chad Civil parish

Map

Flag of Lichfield.png West Midlands, England Lichfield City View.tif 32,219 (2011)[29]
Lincoln3 1072 Cathedral Church of St Mary Local government district
(Non-metropolitan borough)

Map

Flag of Lincoln.svg East Midlands, England Lincoln Cathedral viewed from Lincoln Castle.jpg 93,541 (2011)[21]
Lisburn
(Irish: Lios na gCearrbhach)
2002 not applicable None. Represented on Lisburn and Castlereagh City Council

Map

Flag of Lisburn.png Northern Ireland Irish Linen Centre Lisburn Museum.jpg 45,370 (2011)[15]
Liverpool2 1880 Cathedral Church of Christ Local government district
(Metropolitan borough)

Map

Flag of Liverpool.png North West, England Liverpoolcityskyline.jpg 466,415 (2011)[21]
City of London6 time immemorial St Paul's Cathedral Local government district
(sui generis and ceremonial county)

Map

Flag of the City of London.svg London, England City of London, seen from Tower Bridge.jpg 7,375 (2011)[21]
Manchester1 185334 Manchester Cathedral Local government district
(Metropolitan borough)

Map

Flag of Manchester.png North West, England 503,127 (2011)[21]
Newcastle upon Tyne1 1882 Cathedral Church of St Nicholas Local government district
(Metropolitan borough)

Map

Flag of Newcastle-upon-Tyne.png North East, England Bridges opening up - geograph.org.uk - 178375.jpg 280,177 (2011)[21]
Newport14
(Welsh: Casnewydd)
2002 not applicable Local government district
(Principal area)

Map

Flag of Newport.png Wales 145,736 (2011)[21]
Newry
(Irish: Iúr Cinn Trá)
(Ulster-Scots: Newrie)
2002 not applicable None. Represented on Newry, Mourne and Down District Council

Map

Flag of Newry.png Northern Ireland NewrySkyline.jpg 29,946 (2008, settlement population)[30]
Norwich1 1094 Cathedral Church of the Holy & Undivided Trinity Local government district
(Non-metropolitan borough)

Map

Flag of Norwich.png East, England 132,512 (2011)[21]
Nottingham1 1897 not applicable Local government district
(Unitary)

Map

Flag of Nottingham.png East Midlands, England 305,680 (2011)[21]
Oxford1 1542 Cathedral Church of Christ Local government district
(Non-metropolitan borough)

Map

Oxford Banner of Arms.png South East, England Radcliffe Camera by Fenlio.jpg 151,906 (2011)[21]
Perth
(Scots: Pairth)
(Scottish Gaelic: Peairt)
2012[31]
(Burgh: 12th century)[33]
not applicable None

Map

Flag of Perth.png Scotland Perth, View of the River Tay from Perth Bridge - geograph.org.uk - 1711451.jpg 45,77038
Peterborough2 1541 Cathedral Church of St Peter, St Paul, & St Andrew Local government district
(Unitary)

Map

Peterborough Arms Flag.png East, England Peterborough Cathedral oblique view.jpg 183,631 (2011)[21]
Plymouth1 192827 not applicable Local government district
(Unitary)

Map

Flag of Plymouth.jpg South West, England Plymouth Hoe.jpg 256,384 (2011)[21]
Portsmouth1 192624 not applicable Local government district
(Unitary)

Map

City Flag of Portsmouth.svg South East, England 205,056 (2011)[21]
Preston14 2002 not applicable Local government district
(Non-metropolitan borough)

Map

Preston town flag.svg North West, England 140,202 (2011)[21]
Ripon1 1865 Cathedral Church of SS Peter & Wilfrid (diocese created in 1836) Civil parish

Map

Ripon Flag.png Yorkshire and the Humber, England Thorpe Prebend House.jpg 16,702 (2011)[34]
Salford1 192624 not applicable Local government district
(Metropolitan borough)

Map

Flag of Salford.png North West, England 233,933 (2011)[21]
Salisbury35 1227 Cathedral Church of St Mary Civil parish

Map

Salisbury Flag.svg South West, England Salisbury Cathedral from Old George Mall.jpg 40,302 (2011)[35]
Sheffield3 1893 not applicable Local government district
(Metropolitan borough)

Map

Sheffield Flag.png Yorkshire and the Humber, England 552,698 (2011)[21]
Southampton1 1964 not applicable Local government district
(Unitary)

Map

Flag of Southampton.jpg South East, England Ocean village 2021.JPG 236,882 (2011)[21]
Southend-on-Sea 2022 not applicable Local government district
(Unitary)

Map

Flag of Southend-on-Sea.png East, England 173,658 (2011)[36]
St Albans7 187736 Cathedral & Abbey Church of St Alban Local government district
(Non-metropolitan borough)

Map

Saint Alban's cross.svg East, England Cathedral.png 140,644 (2011)[21]
St Asaph37
(Welsh: Llanelwy)
2012 not applicable Community

Map

Flag of St Asaph.png Wales Aerial View of St Asaph Cathedral.jpg 3,355 (2011)[37]
St Davids20
(Welsh: Tyddewi)
1994 St Davids Community

Map

Flag of St Davids.png Wales 1,841 (2011)[38]
Stirling
(Scots: Stirlin)
(Scottish Gaelic: Sruighlea)
2002 not applicable None

Map

Scotland Stirling from Braehead - December 2004 - geograph.org.uk - 254316.jpg 34,79038
Stoke-on-Trent3 192528 not applicable Local government district
(Unitary)

Map

Flag of Stoke-on-Trent.png West Midlands, England Tunstall tower square.jpg 249,008 (2011)[21]
Sunderland18 1992 not applicable Local government district
(Metropolitan borough)

Map

Flag of Sunderland.png North East, England SunderlandBridges.jpg 275,506 (2011)[21]
Swansea9
(Welsh: Abertawe)
196923 not applicable Local government district
(Principal area)

Map

SWANSEA FLAG.jpg Wales 239,023 (2011)[21]
Truro1
(Cornish: Truru)
1877 Cathedral Church of St Mary Civil parish

Map

Flag of Truro.png South West, England Truro rooftops.jpg 18,766 (2011)[39]
Wakefield3 1888 Cathedral Church of All Saints Local government district
(Metropolitan borough)

Map

Flag of Wakefield.png Yorkshire and the Humber, England 325,837 (2011)[21]
Wells1 time immemorial Cathedral Church of St Andrew Civil parish

Map

Flag of Wells.png South West, England 10,536 (2011)[40]
Westminster21 1540 Westminster Abbey4 (Although this was only a cathedral for 10 years until 1550, the city did not lose its status) Local government district
(London borough)

Map

Flag of Westminster.png London, England Hdr parliament.jpg 219,396 (2011)[21]
Winchester1 time immemorial Cathedral Church of the Holy Trinity Local government district
(Non-metropolitan borough)

Map

Winchester Flag.png South East, England Winchester-alfred-wyrdlight.jpg 116,595 (2011)[21]
Wolverhampton16 2001 not applicable Local government district
(Metropolitan borough)

Map

Flag of Wolverhampton.png West Midlands, England 249,470 (2011)[21]
Worcester3 time immemorial Cathedral Church of Christ & St Mary Local government district
(Non-metropolitan borough)

Map

Flag of Worcester.png West Midlands, England The city of Worcester in the morning sun - geograph.org.uk - 363052.jpg 98,768 (2011)[21]
York1,8 time immemorial Cathedral & Metropolitical Church of St Peter Local government district
(Unitary)

Map

Flag of York.svg Yorkshire and the Humber, England York (Aerial view).jpg 198,051 (2011)[21]

Future Cities[edit]

The following cities are due to be granted city status in 2022.[41]

City Year granted
or confirmed
Cathedral
(pre-1889 England & Wales only)
Current council Flag Nation/region Image Population (as of the 2011 census)
Bangor 2022 not applicable Part of Ards and North Down Borough Council

Map

TBD Northern Ireland 61,011
Colchester 2022 not applicable Colchester Borough Council

Map

Colchester Flag.png East, England 119,441
Doncaster 2022 not applicable Doncaster Metropolitan Borough Council

Map

TBD Yorkshire and the Humber,
England
110,000
Dunfermline 2022 not applicable Part of Dunfermline Council

Map

TBD Scotland 49,706
Milton Keynes 2022 not applicable Milton Keynes Council

Map

TBD South East, England 171,150 (urban area) - 248,800 (Borough)
Wrexham 2022 not applicable Wrexham County Borough Council

Map

TBD Wales 61,603

Map of the cities[edit]

Below is a map of the 70 cities, and the 7 new cities listed in the Queen's Platinum Jubilee Honours, in the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland including one city on the Isle of Man, a UK Crown Dependency.

The 31 cities with a Lord Provost (in Scotland) or a Lord Mayor (in England, Wales, and Northern Ireland) are labelled in ALL CAPS. See List of lord mayoralties and lord provostships in the United Kingdom.

The six cities where the Lord Mayor or Lord Provost has the right to the style The Right Honourable are UNDERLINED.

1940s map[edit]

In the 1940s, there were 18 fewer cities. Rochester was still a city. There were eight fewer cities with a Lord Mayor. (Six of those were already cities in the 1940s, while Swansea and Armagh became cities later.) The Lord Mayor of Cardiff had not yet gained the right to the style The Right Honourable.

Other British Territories[edit]

There are two cities in British Overseas Territories, listed below:

There is one town in a British Overseas Territory which is due to receive city status in 2022 as part of the celebrations of Queen Elizabeth II's Platinum Jubilee:

See also[edit]

Table notes[edit]

  • ^‡ The status bearers of these cities changed on 1 April 2009 due to local government reforms. Salisbury became a civil parish, while charter trustees were formed for the former district council areas of Chester and Durham in the new unitary authorities of Cheshire West and Chester and County Durham respectively.[43][44]
  • ^1 City status confirmed by Letters Patent issued under the Great Seal dated 1 April 1974.[45]
  • ^2 City status confirmed by Letters Patent issued under the Great Seal dated 25 June 1974.[46]
  • ^3 City status confirmed by Letters Patent issued under the Great Seal dated 28 May 1974.[47]
  • ^4 Bath Abbey and Westminster Abbey are no longer cathedrals.
  • ^5 Coventry has had three cathedrals: the first, St Mary's, from 1043 to 1539 (it became a cathedral in 1102); the second, St Michael's, from 1918 to 1940, when it was destroyed by German bombardment; and its replacement, also St Michael's, built alongside the old cathedral, consecrated in 1962.
  • ^6 Note that the City of London covers only the "square mile", and is usually just referred to as "the City". The larger conurbation of Greater London has no city charter, and consists of the City of London, the City of Westminster and 31 other London boroughs. This can be compared to the City of Brussels, within Brussels.
  • ^7 City status was confirmed by Letters Patent dated 9 July 1974.[48] The city status extends to the entire district, although the district council calls itself "St Albans District Council" or "St Albans City and District".
  • ^8 Letters Patent under the Great Seal conferring City Status were issued to the unitary authority of York on 1 April 1996, confirming the right of the Lord Mayor to be styled "Right Honourable", in continuation to those granted to the previous City Council abolished 31 March 1996.[49]
  • ^9 Letters Patent under the Great Seal were issued on 29 March 1996 ordaining that the counties of Swansea and Cardiff should have the status of cities from 1 April 1996. The counties replaced the previous district councils which had enjoyed city status.[49]
  • ^10 According to the Municipal Year Book, 1972 the royal burghs of Perth and Elgin officially enjoyed city status. The royal burghs of Brechin, Dunfermline and Kirkwall had also been officially described as "cities". As all burghs were abolished in 1975, these areas are now often called "former cities". Although Brechin does not have city status, the community council formed for the area uses the title "City of Brechin and District".
  • ^11 Armagh had previously enjoyed city status, with St Patrick's Cathedral the seat of the metropolitan primate of all Ireland. The city status was lost in 1840 when the city corporation was abolished. However, the successor urban district council and district council frequently used the title of city without official sanction prior to 1994.
  • ^12 City Status confirmed by Letters Patent issued under the Great Seal dated 18 March 1975.[50]
  • ^13 City status granted by Letters Patent dated 7 June 1977.[51]
  • ^14 City status granted to the "Town of Newport in the County Borough of Newport" and the "Town of Preston" by Letters Patent dated 15 May 2002.[52]
  • ^15 Letters Patent dated 31 January 2001 ordained that "the Towns of Brighton and Hove shall have the status of a City".[53]
  • ^16 Letters Patent dated 31 January 2001 ordained that "the Town of Wolverhampton shall have the status of a City".[53]
  • ^17 Letters Patent dated 4 November 1980 ordained that the "Town of Lichfield shall have the status of a City". A town council had been constituted in 1980 leading to the dissolution of the Charter Trustees of the City of Lichfield.[54][55]
  • ^18 City status granted by Letters Patent dated 23 March 1992.[56]
  • ^19 City status was conferred on Hereford Town Council 11 October 2000.[57] The status had previously been confirmed to the district council formed in 1974. When that council was abolished in 1996 charter trustees were formed for the City of Hereford. On the formation of a town council for Hereford in April 2000 the charter trustees were dissolved, and the city status temporarily lapsed.
  • ^20 St David's historically had city status because of the presence of St David's Cathedral. In 1849 it was noted that the city had no municipal corporation: There was however a recognised "city" in which a mayor had limited jurisdiction.[58] A Royal Commission appointed in 1876 reported that the corporation had long been extinct, and the city was formally abolished in 1886 under the provisions of the Municipal Corporations Act 1883.[59] Letters Patent dated 16 September 1994 ordained that the "Town of St. David's shall have the status of a City".[60]
  • ^21 The title of City was used "by courtesy" after 1550 when Westminster ceased to be the see of a bishop. By Letters Patent dated 27 October 1900 city status was conferred on the newly created Metropolitan Borough of Westminster from 1 November.[61] This status was continued on the creation of the City of Westminster as a London borough in 1965.
  • ^22 A letter from the Home Secretary to the Mayor of Leicester dated 14 June 1919, confirming that the city status would be bestowed, noted that this was a "restoration to your ancient town of its former status of a city".[62][63][64]
  • ^23 Letters Patent dated 10 December 1969.[65]
  • ^24 Letters Patent dated 21 April 1926.[66]
  • ^25 Letters Patent dated 21 March 1951.[67]
  • ^26 Letters Patent dated 14 May 1937.[68]
  • ^27 Letters Patent dated 18 October 1928.[69]
  • ^28 Letters Patent dated 5 June 1925.[70]
  • ^29 Letters Patent dated 28 October 1905, which also granted the title of Lord Mayor.[71]
  • ^30 Warrant issued 28 January 1889 that Letters Patent be issued under the Seal appointed by the treaty of union to be used in place of the Great Seal of Scotland, ordaining and declaring that the Burgh of Dundee shall be a City, and shall be called and styled "The City of Dundee".[72]
  • ^31 Burghs of Old Aberdeen and Woodside and the district of Torry incorporated as the City and Royal Burgh of Aberdeen by the Aberdeen Corporation Act 1891 (54 & 55 Vict. c. cxxiv).
  • ^32 The present council areas are designated "cities" by virtue of the Local Government etc. (Scotland) Act 1994, which also reserves the post of Lord Provost for the convener of the four councils. The previous local government districts and district councils created by the Local Government (Scotland) Act 1973 enjoyed the same privileges.
  • ^33 Letters Patent dated 14 January 1889.[73]
  • ^34 Letters Patent dated 29 March 1853.[74]
  • ^35 Letters Patent dated 1 April 2009.[75] City status had been held prior to this date (and since 1974) by the Charter Trustees of the City of New Sarum. The city of Salisbury's formal name was New Sarum (see also: Old Sarum) from 1227 until 2009.
  • ^36 Letters Patent dated 28 August 1877.[76]
  • ^37 Letters Patent dated 1 June 2012 "to ordain that the Town of Chelmsford in the County of Essex and the Town of St Asaph in the County of Denbighshire shall have the status of a City".[77]
  • ^38 [2015] Localities (Glasgow)[78]
  • ^39 Legally, the city and county are called "Londonderry", while the local government district is called "Derry". See Derry/Londonderry name dispute.[79]

Notes[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "'I will tell my grandchildren': Southend celebrates city status". The Guardian. 1 March 2022.
  2. ^ "Southend ready to celebrate city status granted by Queen". BBC News. March 2022.
  3. ^ a b c Department for Culture, Media and Sport. "Civic Honours Competition: UK Cities". The National Archives (United Kingdom), 18 January 2011. Accessed 17 December 2018.
  4. ^ a b c d e f Beckett (2005).
  5. ^ a b "Platinum Jubilee: Eight new cities created in Queen's honour". BBC News. 20 May 2022. Retrieved 20 May 2022.
  6. ^ "JTK". "Civitas" in Celtic Culture: A Historical Encyclopedia, Vol. I, p. 451. ABC-CLIO (Sta. Barbara), 2006.
  7. ^ De Excidio Britanniae, §3. (in Latin) Cited in the "Civitas" entry of Celtic Culture.[6]
  8. ^ Nennius (attrib.). Theodor Mommsen (ed.). Historia Brittonum, VI. Composed after AD 830. (in Latin) Hosted at Latin Wikisource.
  9. ^ Encyclopædia Britannica, 11th ed. 1911.
  10. ^ The 11th edition of the Encyclopædia Britannica, for instance, listed St Asaph and Southwell as cities on the basis of their cathedrals despite their lack of charters or, in Southwell's case, local government.[9]
  11. ^ Beckett (2005), p. 22.
  12. ^ "ASA Adjudication on Medway Council". Asa.org.uk. 16 March 2011. Retrieved 9 June 2016.
  13. ^ Kingdoms of England and Scotland. "Act of Union", §XXI. 16 January 1707.
  14. ^ Clark, M. Lynda & al. "Committee on Privileges Second Report", Appendix 3, ss58. Parliament of the United Kingdom (London), 1999.
  15. ^ a b c "Usual Resident Population: KS101NI (administrative geographies)". Census 2011. Northern Ireland Statistics and Research Agency. Retrieved 4 October 2013.
  16. ^ Office for National Statistics 2011 census – Bangor C
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Sources[edit]

  • Beckett, J.V. (2005). City Status in the British Isles, 1830–2002. Ashgate Publishing.