List of cities with the most skyscrapers

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This list of cities with most skyscrapers ranks cities around the world by their number of buildings higher than various thresholds, complementing the list of cities with the most high-rise buildings, which uses a 150m cutoff.

List of all cities by number of completed or topped out skyscrapers[edit]

This is a list of cities by number of completed or topped out skyscrapers. The majority of international organizations, such as the CTBUH and Emporis, define a skyscraper as a building that reaches or exceeds the height of 150 metres.[1]

Rank City Country Image No. of skyscrapers
1  Hong Kong  China Overlook Hong Kong Island north coast, Victoria Harbour and Kowloon from middle section of Lugard Road at daytime (enlarged version and better contrast, revised).jpg 315
2 New York City  United States WestsideManhattanPanorama.jpg 243
3 Dubai  United Arab Emirates Dubai banner 2.jpg 153
4 Shanghai  China Shanghai Pudong Panorama Jan 2 2014.jpg 148
5 Tokyo  Japan Tokyo View from Mori Tower.jpg 140
6 Shenzhen  China Shenzhen Skyline.jpg 124
7 Guangzhou  China Guangzhou dusk panorama.jpg 120
8 Chicago  United States Chicago Skyline from Lake Michigan.jpg 116
9 Jakarta  Indonesia Jakarta WV banner.jpg 114
10 Chongqing  China SkylineOfChongqing.jpg 102
11 Manila  Philippines Makati skyline mjlsha.jpg 91
12 Mumbai  India Mumbai 03-2016 10 skyline of Lotus Colony.jpg 86
13 Singapore  Singapore 1 bishan park panorama 2012.jpg 80[2]
14 Seoul  South Korea Downtown Seoul.jpg 77
15 Shenyang  China Shenyang Qingnian Street.JPG 72
16 Chengdu  China Jiuyanqiao.jpg 70
17 Tianjin  China Tianjin Skyline 2009 Sep 11 by Nangua 2.jpg 60
18 Bangkok  Thailand Si Lom panorama.jpg 53[3]
19 Nanjing  China Nanjing Skyline 2012.jpg 52
19 Panama City  Panama Panama city.png 52
20 Busan  South Korea Busan harbour.jpg 49
20 Toronto  Canada Toronto skyline toronto islands b.JPG 49
20 Kuala Lumpur  Malaysia Moonrise over kuala lumpur.jpg 49
21 Istanbul  Turkey Modern Istanbul skyline.jpg 35
22 Miami  United States Downtown Miami Panorama from the Rusty Pelican photo D Ramey Logan.jpg 32
23 Osaka  Japan Central Osaka.jpg 36
24 Moscow  Russia Moscow-city-MIBC.jpg 35
25 Sydney  Australia Sydney Panorama.jpg 35
25 Houston  United States Panoramic Houston skyline.jpg 34
26 Melbourne  Australia Melbourne Night Panorama.jpg 33
27 Incheon  South Korea Incheon Cityscape.jpg 32
28 Abu Dhabi  United Arab Emirates Abu Dhabi Corniche Beach.jpg 30
29 Dalian  China DalianSkyline.JPG 27
30 Doha  Qatar Doha Qatar skyline at night Sept 2012.jpg 26
30 Wuhan  China WuhanSkyline.jpg 26
31 Los Angeles  United States Los Angeles Skyline at Night.jpg 25
32 Beijing  China CBD view from Tongzhou 3.jpg 24
33 Nanning  China Nanning skyline 2008.JPG 22
33 San Francisco  United States San Francisco (Evening).jpg 22
34 Hangzhou  China Qianjiang guoji shidai plaza 09.jpg 21
35 Dallas  United States Dallas Downtown and Uptown Panorama.jpg 19
35 Xiamen  China 仙岳山上看滨北 - panoramio.jpg 19
35 Paris/La Défense  France Tour Eiffel 360 Panorama.jpg 19
35 Boston  United States Panoramic Boston.jpg 19
39 London  United Kingdom London from a hot air balloon.jpg 17
39 Mexico City  Mexico Ciudad.de.Mexico.City.Distrito.Federal.DF.Paseo.Reforma.Skyline.jpg 17
39  Macau  China Vistas de Macao, 2013-08-08, DD 02.jpg 16
39 Wuxi  China Wuxi.jpg 16
39 Seattle  United States Space Needle002.jpg 16
39 Atlanta  United States Atlanta Skyline from Buckhead.jpg 16
45 Calgary  Canada Calgary Skyline 2015 2.png 15
45 São Paulo  Brazil São Paulo city (Bela Vista).jpg 15
45 Nanchang  China Nanchang Bayi Guangchang 20120723-20.jpg 15
45 Qingdao  China Qingdao picture.jpg 15
45 Taipei  Taiwan Taipei 101 from afar.jpg 15
50 Changsha  China 长沙市解放西路酒吧一条街.jpg 14
50 Frankfurt  Germany Frankfurt Skyline (16259801511).jpg 14
50 Las Vegas  United States Las Vegas 89.jpg 14
53 Philadelphia  United States GardenStreetBridgeSchuylkillRiverSkylinePhiladelphiaPennsylvania.jpg 13
53 Fuzhou  China Wusi Hualin Road Intersection CBD.jpg 13
53 Kuwait City  Kuwait Kuwait City cropped.jpg 13
57 Hefei  China Hefeiskyline.jpg 11
57 Jersey City  United States 2013 Jersey City skyline 2.jpg 11[4]
57 Manama  Bahrain Manama, Bahrain Decembre 2014.jpg 11
57 Warsaw  Poland Warsaw at night.jpg 11
57 Suzhou  China Gate of the Orient 东方之门 dong fang zhi men Suzhou photo Christian Gänshirt 2015.JPG 11
61 Brisbane  Australia Brisbane May 2013.jpg 10
61 Jinan  China Jinanfromqianfoshan.jpg 10
61 Taichung  Taiwan Taichung skyline on a clear day.JPG 10
61 Ho Chi Minh City  Vietnam
Río Saigón, Ciudad Ho Chi Minh, Vietnam, 2013-08-14, DD 29.JPG
10
61 Minneapolis  United States 2008-0712-MPLS-panorama.JPG 10
61 Pittsburgh  United States Pittsburgh skyline panorama daytime.jpg 10
61 Harbin  China 10
68 Buenos Aires  Argentina Buenos Aires Cityline at Night - Irargerich.jpg 9
68 Denver  United States DenverCP.JPG 9
68 Kolkata  India South City Towers, Kolkata.JPG 9
71 Sharjah  United Arab Emirates Sharjah (3).jpg 9
72 Karachi  Pakistan Bahria Icon Tower Underconstruction March, 2016.jpg 8[5][6][7][8]
72 Detroit  United States DetroitSkyline.jpg 8
72 Daejeon  South Korea Daejeon southern cityscape from Gyejoksan.jpg 8
72 Baku  Azerbaijan 8
76 Astana  Kazakhstan 7
76 Dongguan  China 7
76 Gold Coast  Australia Gold Coast skyline 2012.jpg 7
76 Ha noi  Vietnam
LANDMARK72 night.jpg
7
76 Mecca  Saudi Arabia 7
76 Montreal  Canada Montreal skyline September 2013.jpg 7
76 Nagoya  Japan 7
76 Shijiazhuang  China 7
76 Yokohama  Japan Minato Mirai In Blue.jpg 7
76 Tel Aviv  Israel 7
87 Banqiao  Taiwan 6
87 Bogota  Colombia Colpatria at Night.jpg 6
87 Charlotte  United States Charlotte Skyline 2011 - Ricky W.jpg 6
87 Daegu  South Korea 6
87 Kaohsiung  Taiwan 6
87 Kawasaki  Japan 6
87 Kobe  Japan 6
87 Riyadh  Saudi Arabia 6
87 Surabaya  Indonesia 6[9]
87 Tel Aviv  Israel Tel Aviv Skyline At Night.jpg 6
87 Xi'an  China 6
99 Jeddah  Saudi Arabia 5
99 Columbus  United States 5
99 Madrid  Spain 5
99 Oran Algeria Algeria 5
99 Huizhou  China 5
99 Pattaya  Thailand 5
99 Perth  Australia Perth Skyline night.jpg 5
99 Rotterdam  Netherlands 5
99 Milan  Italy Milano skyline 02.jpg 5
99 Sunny Isles Beach  United States 5
108 Balneário Camboriú  Brazil 4
108 Caracas  Venezuela Vistaoestecaracas.jpg 4
108 Chiba  Japan 4
108 Cleveland  United States 4
108 Foshan  China 4
108 Guiyang  China 4
108 Haikou  China 4
108 Ha noi  Vietnam 4
108 Hwaseong  South Korea 4
108 Kunming  China 4
108 Monterrey  Mexico 4
108 New Orleans  United States 4
108 Ningbo  China 4
108 Tampa  United States 4
108 Tangerang  Indonesia 4
108 Tulsa  United States 4
108 Zhengzhou  China 4
135 Ankara  Turkey 3
135 Astana  Kazakhstan 3
135 Austin  United States 3
135 Beirut  Lebanon 3
135 Baltimore  United States 3
135 Benidorm  Spain 3
135 Changzhou  China 3
135 Cincinnati  United States 3
135 Fort Worth  United States 3
135 Hartford  United States 3
135 Indianapolis  United States 3
135 Johannesburg  South Africa Hillbrow Tower2.jpg 3
135 Lanzhou  China 3
135 Liuzhou  China 3
135 Oklahoma City  United States 3
135 Penang  Malaysia Pg2.jpg 3
135 Portland  United States 3
135 Rio de Janeiro  Brazil Vista aérea Centro do Rio de Janeiro RJ.jpg 3
135 St. Louis  United States 3
135 San Diego  United States 3
135 Vancouver  Canada 3
135 Vienna  Austria 3
135 Taiyuan  China 3
135 Wenzhou  China 3
135 Yantai  China 3
160 Colombo  Sri Lanka 3
160 Al Fujayrah  United Arab Emirates 2
160 Anyang  South Korea 2
160 Atlantic City  United States 2
160 Auckland  New Zealand Auckland waterfront at night.jpg 2
160 Barcelona  Spain 2
160 Batumi  Georgia 2
160 Bucheon  South Korea 2
160 Algiers  Algeria 2
160 Cartagena  Colombia 2
160 Changwon  South Korea 2
160 Chatswood  Australia 2
160 Curitiba  Brazil CuritibaTradeCenterSkyline.jpg 2
160 Da Nang  Vietnam 2
160 Dar es Salaam  Tanzania 2
160 Delhi NCR  India 2
160 Dhaka  Bangladesh 2
160 Guadalajara  Mexico 2
160 Huzhou  China 2
160 Hyderabad  India 2
160 İzmir  Turkey 2
160 Jacksonville  United States 2
160 Kansas City  United States 2
160 Louisville  United States 2
160 Luoyang  China 2
160 Lyon  France La Part-Dieu By Night.JPG 2
160 Medellín  Colombia 2
160 Miami Beach  United States 2
160 Milwaukee  United States 2
160 Mississauga  Canada 2
160 Nantong  China 2
160 Nha Trang  Vietnam 2
160 Quanzhou  China 2
160 Ramat Gan  Israel 2
160 Saitama  Japan 2
160 Sandy Springs  United States 2
160 Santiago  Chile 2
160 Turin  Italy 2
160 Wuhu  China 2
199 Yekaterinburg  Russia 2
199 Zhongshan  China 1
199 Umhlanga  South Africa 1
199 Athens  Greece 1
199 Cali  Colombia Panoramic view Cali, Col.jpg 1
199 Pretoria  South Africa 1
199 Wrocław  Poland 2015 Sky Tower we Wrocławiu.jpg 1
199 Bangalore  India 1
199 Bonn  Germany Posttower Bonn 001.jpg 1
199 Malmö  Sweden Turning torso by night1.jpg 1
199 Casablanca  Morocco 1
199 Cairo  Egypt 1
199 Bnei Brak  Israel 1
199 Phnom Penh  Cambodia 1
199 Bat Yam  Israel 1
199 Lagos  Nigeria 1
199 Raleigh  United States PNC Plaza Raleigh.JPG 1
199 Virginia Beach  United States 1
199 Tehran  Iran Towers in Tehran City at night.jpg 1

Cities with at least 100 completed / topped-out skyscrapers above 150m[edit]

Some skyscraper definitions draw the lower limit at 150 metres (492 ft).[10] The following list includes all cities with at least 100 completed or topped-out skyscrapers and freestanding towers according to this definition:

City ≥800m ≥700m ≥600m ≥500m ≥450m ≥400m ≥350m ≥300m ≥250m ≥200m ≥150m
Hong Kong Hong Kong[11] 1 2 4 6 15 62 314
United States New York City[12] 1 1 2 4 7 18 58 241
United Arab Emirates Dubai[13] 1 1 1 1 1 3 11 22 42 73 159
China Shenzhen 1 1 1 2 3 8 19 55 157
China Shanghai[14] 1 1 2 3 3 5 21 54 145
China Guangzhou - 1 1 2 4 10 17 29 131
United States Chicago[15] 2 2 6 12 27 119
Japan Tokyo[16] 1 27 125
China Wuhan - - - 1 1 3 7 23 110

Cities with at least 50 skyscrapers above 150m (i.e. about 35–40 floors) (under construction inclusive)[edit]

Only skyscrapers of known height are recorded on the chart. Skyscrapers of unknown height but are known to be at least 35 floors high will still be count for the city's skyscraper tally but will not appear on the chart.

City ≥800m ≥700m ≥600m ≥500m ≥450m ≥400m ≥350m ≥300m ≥250m ≥200m ≥150m
Hong Kong Hong Kong[11] 1 2 4 6 17 65 315
United States New York City[12] 1 2 4 7 15 29 85 283
China Shenzhen[17] 1 1 2 7 17 34 95 207
United Arab Emirates Dubai[13] 1 1 1 2 2 5 13 27 53 88 184
China Shanghai[14] 1 1 2 3 3 5 24 58 150
China Guangzhou[18] 1 1 2 4 11 19 33 135
China Chongqing[19] 1 1 3 7 21 48 123
Japan Tokyo[16] - 24 117
United States Chicago[15] 2 2 6 12 28 116
China Wuhan 1 1 2 3 3 6 10 26 115
China Shenyang[20] 1 1 1 2 8 11 47 113
Indonesia Jakarta[21] 1 4 13 46 90
China Hefei - 2 19 93
China Hangzhou 1 6 17 92
Singapore Singapore[22] 6 29 86
China Chengdu[23] 1 1 2 2 22 84
China Tianjin[24] 2 3 3 3 8 15 42 75
China Dalian 1 1 1 3 4 7 26 72
China Guiyang - - - - 4 6 20 72
South Korea Seoul[25] 1 1 1 1 1 5 15 71
China Xiamen - - - - - 1 9 20 68
China Changsha - 1 1 1 6 8 30 65
China Nanjing[26] - - 1 2 3 8 10 31 61
China Nanning - - - 1 2 5 8 29 58
Thailand Bangkok[27] - 1 1 2 3 13 57
Malaysia Kuala Lumpur[28] - - 2 1 3 14 17 26 57
Canada Toronto[29] 1 7 20 57
Panama Panama City[30] 4 12 25 48
China Beijing - 1 1 1 1 3 7 19 48

Cities with at least 1 skyscraper above 300m (i.e. about 75–80 floors) (under construction and on-hold inclusive)[edit]

City ≥700m ≥600m ≥500m ≥450m ≥400m ≥350m ≥300m
United Arab Emirates Dubai[13] 1 10 - 1 4 10 22
China Shenzhen[17] 1 1 2 7 14
United States New York City[12] 1 2 4 7 12
China Guangzhou[18] 2 1 2 4 10
China Tianjin[24] 1 2 3 3 8
China Shanghai[14] 1 1 3 4 4 6
Hong Kong Hong Kong[11] 1 1 2 4 6
China Chongqing[19] 1 1 2 6
United States Chicago[15] 1 2 2 6
Saudi Arabia Mecca - 1 1 1 1 1 1
Malaysia Kuala Lumpur - - - 2 4 7 13
Saudi Arabia Jeddah 1 1 1 1 2 3 4
Saudi Arabia Riyadh - - - 7 - 2 4
Kuwait Kuwait City - - - - 1 2 5
Indonesia Jakarta - - 1 - - 1 4
Russia Moscow - - - - - 2 6
United States San Francisco - - - - - - 1
North Korea Pyongyang - - - - - - 1
United Arab Emirates Abu Dhabi - - - - - 1 6
Australia Gold Coast - - - - - - 1
South Korea Incheon - - - - - - 1
Thailand Bangkok - - - - 1 1 4
Qatar Doha - - 2 4 4 4 5
Chile Santiago - - - - - - 1
South Korea Seoul - - 1 1 1 1 2
South Korea Busan - - 1 1 1 1 2
Kazakhstan Astana - - - - - 1 1
United States Houston[31] - - - - - - 2
United States Los Angeles - - - - - - 2
United Kingdom London - - - - - - 1
Japan Osaka - - - - - - 1
Philippines ManilaA - 1 - - 1 - 2
Sri Lanka Colombo - - - - 1 1 2
United States Philadelphia - - - - - - 1
Australia Melbourne - - - - - - 1

List of cities with the most buildings taller than 100m[edit]

This is a ranking of the cities with at least 10 buildings above 100m.[32]

Rank City Country Buildings Combined Heights (m)
1 Hong KongHong Kong  China, Hong Kong 1327[33] 333,836
2 New York City  United States 794 127,720
3 Tokyo  Japan 560 97,021
4 Shanghai  China 430[34] >121,837
5 Dubai  United Arab Emirates 403 66,248
6 Bangkok  Thailand 355 50,731
7 Chicago  United States 341 48,441
8 Guangzhou  China 320[35] 45,865
9 Seoul  South Korea 282 39,308
10 Kuala Lumpur  Malaysia 247 34,035
11 Jakarta  Indonesia 244 37,920
12 Singapore  Singapore 238 33,735
13 Shenzhen  China 235[36] 33,435
14 Chongqing  China 220[37] 28,147
15 Toronto  Canada 216 27,867
16 Sao Paulo  Brazil 211 22,794
17 Manila  Philippines 186 26,307
18 Panama City  Panama 185 27,478
19 Osaka  Japan 172 22,754
20 Miami  United States 137 18,385
21 Moscow  Russia 132 18,504
22 Macau  China 131 19,597
23 Tianjin  China 131 18,259
24 Buenos Aires  Argentina 122 15,254
25 Mumbai  India 119 14,631
26 Mexico City  Mexico 114 13,862
27 Beijing  China 98 22,192
28 Nanjing  China 89[38] 16,784
29 Honolulu  United States 104 11,855
30 Sydney  Australia 102 13,933
31 Istanbul  Turkey 97 11,897
32 Dalian  China 73 12,803
33 San Francisco  United States 88 11,582
34 Houston  United States 86 12,614
35 Chengdu  China 81 10,453
36 Wuhan  China 79 11,236
37 Doha  Qatar 78 12,254
38 Melbourne  Australia 99[39] 14,003
39 Shenyang  China 76 10,479
40 Atlanta  United States 73 10,471
41 Rio de Janeiro  Brazil 73 8,867
42 Los Angeles  United States 70
43 Paris  France 69 9,558
44 Qingdao  China 68 9,404
45 Xiamen  China 66 8,584
46 Busan  South Korea 64 10,556
47 Hangzhou  China 62 8,463
48 Las Vegas  United States 59 8,241
49 Tel Aviv  Israel 59 7,679
50 Brisbane  Australia 55 7,250
51 Ho Chi Minh City  Vietnam 59[40]
52 Ankara  Turkey 54 8,887
53 Calgary  Canada 54[citation needed] 6,984
54 Dallas  United States 53 7,879
55 New Delhi  India 51 7,214
56 Montreal  Canada 50 6,998
57 London  United Kingdom 47[41] 5,689
58 Caracas  Venezuela 46[41] 5,678
59 Hanoi  Vietnam 44[42] 4,919
62 Denver  United States 43[citation needed] 4,674
60 Seattle  United States 40[43] 4,182
63 Kiev  Ukraine 31[44]
64 Frankfurt  Germany 30[45]
65 San Diego  United States 29[citation needed] 3,654
66 Colombo  Sri Lanka 28[citation needed]
67 Philadelphia  United States 27[citation needed] 4,346
68 Boston  United States 27[citation needed] 4,318
69 Minneapolis  United States 28[46] 3,967
70 Detroit  United States 27[citation needed]
71 Vancouver  Canada 26[47] 5,751
72 Pittsburgh  United States 25[citation needed] 3,566
73 Kolkata  India 24[citation needed]
74(tie) Surabaya  Indonesia 22 [48] 2,862
74(tie) Cairo  Egypt 22[citation needed] 2,728
75 New Orleans  United States 22
76 Rotterdam  Netherlands 21[49] 2,612
77 (tie) Bogota  Colombia 20[50]
77 Taipei  Taiwan 20[51] 3,027
79 Milan  Italy 19[52] 2,516
80 Colombo  Sri Lanka 19[citation needed]
81 Monterrey  Mexico 19[53] 2,349
82 Bangalore  India 18
83 Hydrabad  India 18
83 Durban  South Africa 18List of tallest buildings in South Africa 2116
84 Baltimore  United States 18[citation needed]
85 (tie) Cleveland  United States 17[54] 2,423
85 Perth  Australia 17
85 (tie) Phoenix  United States 17 6,305
87 (tie) Belgrade  Serbia 16
87 Charlotte  United States 16[citation needed] 2,531
88 Warsaw  Poland 16[55] 2,168
89 Santiago  Chile 15[56] 1,970
90 Edmonton  Canada 15[citation needed] 1,824
91 Barcelona  Spain 15[citation needed] 1,538
92 Nagoya  Japan 14[citation needed] 2,172
93 Austin  United States 14[citation needed] 1,824
94 Auckland  New Zealand 14 1,755
95 Kaohsiung  Taiwan 14 1,720
96 Cincinnati  United States 13[citation needed]
97 İzmir  Turkey 13 [57] 1,620
98 Johannesburg  South Africa 13[citation needed] 1,790
99 Madrid  Spain 13
100 Durban  South Africa 12[citation needed] 1,483
101 Pattaya  Thailand 11 1,969.2
102 Brussels  Belgium 11[citation needed] 1,276
103 Santo Domingo  Dominican Republic 11
104 St. Louis  United States 10[58] 1,372
Vienna  Austria 10 1,349
Phnom Penh  Cambodia 10 1,306
Beirut  Lebanon 10 1285
Louisville  United States 10 1,219
Naples  Italy 10[52] 1,214
Cologne  Germany 10[citation needed] 1,200
Berlin  Germany 10[citation needed] 1,099

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

^A Metro Manila.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Cities Ranked by Number of 150m+ Completed Buildings
  2. ^ [1]
  3. ^ [2]
  4. ^ "The Skyscraper Center". www.skyscrapercenter.com. Retrieved 2016-11-27. 
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  7. ^ http://www.mcb.com.pk/mcb/mcb_tower.asp
  8. ^ "Pakistan's tallest building completed". Dawn.com.  Tallest building in Pakistan from 2005-2012
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  10. ^ "Huge New Rogers Skyscraper Proposed". skyscrapernews.com. 3 December 2007. Retrieved 3 December 2007. ...their eleventh proper skyscraper, that is by definition buildings above 150 metres 
  11. ^ a b c "CTBUH Tall Building Database". The Skyscraper Center. Retrieved 2013-11-18. 
  12. ^ a b c "CTBUH Tall Building Database". The Skyscraper Center. Retrieved 2013-11-18. 
  13. ^ a b c "CTBUH Tall Building Database". The Skyscraper Center. Retrieved 2013-11-18. 
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  17. ^ a b "Shenzhen". CTBUH. Retrieved 2012-08-01. 
  18. ^ a b "Guangzhou". CTBUH. Retrieved 2012-08-01. 
  19. ^ a b "Chongqing". CTBUH. Retrieved 2012-08-01. 
  20. ^ "Shenyang". CTBUH. Retrieved 2012-05-02. 
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  22. ^ "Singapore". CTBUH. Retrieved 2012-05-02. 
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  30. ^ "Panama City". CTBUH. Retrieved 2012-05-02. 
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  32. ^ "The World's 50 Tallest Urban Agglomerations". Ctbuh.org. Retrieved 2013-11-18. 
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  38. ^ "Nanjing Buildings". Emporis. Retrieved 2015-10-26. 
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  40. ^ http://www.emporis.com/city/100487/ho-chi-minh-city-vietnam/status/existing/1
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  42. ^ "existing | Buildings". Emporis. Retrieved 2013-12-27. 
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  49. ^ Tallest buildings in the Netherlands (Dutch)
  50. ^ es:Anexo:Rascacielos en Bogotá
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  52. ^ a b List of tallest buildings in Italy (Italian)
  53. ^ es:Anexo:Rascacielos en Monterrey
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  56. ^ "Edificios más Altos de Chile". Infolaso.com. Retrieved 2013-11-18. 
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External links[edit]