List of cities with the most skyscrapers

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This list of cities with most skyscrapers ranks cities around the world by their number of skyscrapers. This list refers to skyscrapers at least 150 metres (490 ft) tall or higher, complementing the list of cities with the most high-rise buildings.

List of all cities by number of completed or topped out skyscrapers[edit]

This is a list of cities by number of skycrapers that are 150 metres or greater in height.[1]

Rank City Country Image No. of skyscrapers
1 Hong Kong  China Overlook Hong Kong Island north coast, Victoria Harbour and Kowloon from middle section of Lugard Road at daytime (enlarged version and better contrast, revised).jpg 317 [2]
2 New York City  United States Lower Manhattan from Jersey City November 2014 panorama 3.jpg 265 [3]
3 Dubai  United Arab Emirates Dubai skyline 2010.jpg 173[4]
4 Tokyo  Japan Tokyo View from Mori Tower.jpg 143[5]
5 Shanghai  China Shanghai - Pudong - Lujiazui.jpg 139[6]
6 Chicago  United States Chicago Skyline 2008.jpg 119[7]
7 Chongqing  China SkylineOfChongqing.jpg 105[8]
8 Shenzhen  China Shenzhen Skyline from Nanshan.jpg 101[9]
9 Guangzhou  China Guangzhou dusk panorama.jpg 100[10]
10 Singapore  Singapore 1 bishan park panorama 2012.jpg 81
11 Chengdu  China Jiuyanqiao.jpg 74[11]
12 Seoul  South Korea Downtown Seoul.jpg 72[12]
13 Shenyang  China Shenyang Qingnian Street.JPG 71[13]
14 Jakarta  Indonesia Jakarta Skyline Part 2.jpg 69[14]
15 Bangkok  Thailand Si Lom panorama.jpg 59
16 Kuala Lumpur  Malaysia Moonrise over kuala lumpur.jpg 53
17 Nanjing  China Nanjing Skyline 2012.jpg 52
18= Panama City  Panama Panama city.png 50
18= Toronto  Canada Toronto Skyline (3594919082).jpg 50
19 Busan  South Korea Busan harbour.jpg 48
20 Tianjin  China Tianjin Skyline 2009 Sep 11 by Nangua 2.jpg 48
21 Osaka  Japan Central Osaka.jpg 40
22 Mumbai  India Mumbai-Skyline.jpg 39 [15]
23 Miami  United States Downtown Miami Panorama from the Rusty Pelican photo D Ramey Logan.jpg 39
24 Istanbul  Turkey Modern Istanbul skyline.jpg 37
25 Makati  Philippines Makati skyline j 0 n.jpg 37[16]
26 Moscow  Russia Moscow Business Center 5073-84.jpg 37
27 Abu Dhabi  United Arab Emirates Abu Dhabi Corniche Beach.jpg 36
28 Houston  United States Panoramic Houston skyline.jpg 36
29 Melbourne  Australia Melbourne Night Panorama.jpg 36[17]
30 Dalian  China DalianSkyline.JPG 35
31 Sydney  Australia Sydney skyline and harbour.jpg 35
32 Wuhan  China WuhanSkyline.jpg 34[18]
33= Doha  Qatar Doha Qatar skyline at night Sept 2012.jpg 33
33= Incheon  South Korea Incheon Cityscape.jpg 32
36 Beijing  China CBD view from Tongzhou 3.jpg 30
37= London  United Kingdom London from a hot air balloon.jpg 27
37= Hangzhou  China Qianjiang guoji shidai plaza 09.jpg 27
38 Nanchang  China Nanchang Bayi Guangchang 20120723-20.jpg 26
39 Xiamen  China 仙岳山上看滨北 - panoramio.jpg 25
40= Los Angeles  United States Los Angeles Skyline at Night.jpg 24
40= San Francisco  United States San Francisco skyline of April 2017 seen from Treasure Island.jpg 24
42= Changsha  China 长沙市解放西路酒吧一条街.jpg 21
42= Qingdao  China Qingdao picture.jpg 21
44= Dallas  United States Dallas view.jpg 20
44= Jinan  China Jinanfromqianfoshan.jpg 20
46= George Town

(Penang Island)

 Malaysia
View from the Penang Hill, Georgetown, Penang, Malaysia.JPG
19
46= Boston  United States Panoramic Boston.jpg 19
46= Nanning  China Nanning skyline 2008.JPG 19
49 Macau  China Vistas de Macao, 2013-08-08, DD 02.jpg 18
50= Mexico City  Mexico Ciudad.de.Mexico.City.Distrito.Federal.DF.Paseo.Reforma.Skyline.jpg 17
50= Suzhou  China Gate of the Orient 东方之门 dong fang zhi men Suzhou photo Christian Gänshirt 2015.JPG 17
50= Wuxi  China Wuxi.jpg 17
54= Atlanta  United States Atlanta Skyline from Buckhead.jpg 16
54= Calgary  Canada Calgary Skyline 2015 2.png 16[17]
54= Fuzhou  China Wusi Hualin Road Intersection CBD.jpg 16
54= Hefei  China Hefeiskyline.jpg 16
54= Pyongyang  North Korea Laika ac Pyongyang (7975203722).jpg 16
59= Ningbo  China Downtown Ningbo with Tianyi Square.jpg 15
59= Seattle  United States Space Needle002.jpg 15
59= Tel Aviv  Israel 080718 Tel Aviv (01).jpg 15
61= Frankfurt am Main  Germany Frankfurt Skyline (16259801511).jpg 14
61= Goyang  South Korea Hipark city Familie.jpg 14
61= Ho Chi Minh City  Vietnam
Río Saigón, Ciudad Ho Chi Minh, Vietnam, 2013-08-14, DD 29.JPG
14
61= Las Vegas  United States Las Vegas 89.jpg 14
61= Mandaluyong  Philippines Mandaluyong city.jpg 14
66= Brisbane  Australia Brisbane May 2013.jpg 13
66= Kuwait City  Kuwait Kuwait City cropped.jpg 13
66= Manama  Bahrain Manama, Bahrain Decembre 2014.jpg 13
69= Courbevoie  France Paris La Défense - panoramio (16).jpg 12
69= Philadelphia  United States GardenStreetBridgeSchuylkillRiverSkylinePhiladelphiaPennsylvania.jpg 12
69= Riyadh  Saudi Arabia Riyadh North Skyline .jpg 12
69= Taipei  Taiwan Taipei 101 from afar.jpg 12
73 São Paulo  Brazil Octávio Frias de Oliveira Bridge jpg.jpg 11
74= Buenos Aires  Argentina Buenos Aires con las puertas abiertas.jpg 10
74= Daejeon  South Korea Daejeon Government Complex.jpg 10
74= Jersey City  United States 2013 Jersey City skyline 2.jpg 10
74= Nagoya  Japan 151023 Nagoya Castle & Skyscrapers in Meieki.jpg 10
74= Pittsburgh  United States Pittsburgh skyline panorama daytime.jpg 10
74= Taichung  Taiwan Taichung skyline on a clear day.JPG 10
74= Zhengzhou  China CBDyiZZ.jpg 10
81= Guiyang  China Guiyang buildings.jpg 9
81= Minneapolis  United States 2008-0712-MPLS-panorama.JPG 9
81= Pattaya  Thailand Pattaya, Thailand Skyline.jpg 9
81= Sharjah  United Arab Emirates Al Soor - Sharjah - United Arab Emirates - panoramio.jpg 9
85= Balneario Camboriu  Brazil Balneario Camboriu aerea.JPG 8
85= Detroit  United States DetroitSkyline.jpg 8
85= Gold Coast  Australia Gold Coast skyline 2012.jpg 8
85= Kawasaki  Japan Musashi-kosugi skyscrapers.jpg 8
85= Kunming  China Kunming centre.jpg 8
85= Montreal  Canada Montreal skyline September 2013.jpg 8
85= Shijiazhuang  China Farviewshijiazhuang.jpg 8
85= Warsaw  Poland Warsaw at night.jpg 8
85= Xi'an  China Xi'an erhuan southeast.JPG 8
95= Denver  United States DenverCP.JPG 7
95= Dongguan  China Dongguan Avenue (CBD) 2010.jpg 7
95= Hanoi  Vietnam
LANDMARK72 night.jpg
7
95= Kaohsiung  Taiwan Kaohsiung Love River IMG 2728.JPG 7
95= Mecca  Saudi Arabia Abraj-al-Bait-Towers.JPG 7
95= Sunny Isles Beach  United States Sunny Isles Beach skyline 2015 from west.jpg 7
95= Taguig City  Philippines Fort Bonifacio 1.JPG 7
95= Yokohama  Japan Minato Mirai In Blue.jpg 7
103= Banciao City  Taiwan Banciao Station 01.jpg 6
103= Bogota  Colombia Colpatria at Night.jpg 6
103= Charlotte  United States Charlotte Skyline 2011 - Ricky W.jpg 6
103= Daegu  South Korea Daegu city hall context.jpg 6
103= Kobe  Japan Port of Kobe02s4100.jpg 6
103= Pasig City  Philippines Mm-pasigortigas-aerial2012.jpg 6
103= Ürümqi  China Urumqi panorama.jpg 6
103= Zhanjiang  China Zhanjiang Bay Bridge 2008.jpg 6
111= Ankara  Turkey A view of Sheraton Ankara from Karum Shopping Mall.JPG 5
111= Baku  Azerbaijan City of Baku 2011.jpg 5
111= Columbus  United States Columbus-ohio-skyline-panorama.jpg 5
111= Foshan  China Foshan 2011.jpg 5
111= Kolkata  India South City Towers, Kolkata.JPG 5
111= Liuzhou  China 在建的柳州市新中央商务区东侧.JPG 5
111= Madrid  Spain Azca-Skyline-271112.jpg 5
111= Manila  Philippines Manila by night.jpg 5
111= Rotterdam  Netherlands View from the Euromast in Rotterdam, The Netherlands.jpg 5
111= San Pedro Garza García  Mexico Campestre de Monterrey.jpg 5
111= Surabaya  Indonesia 2017 Supermall Pakuwon Surabaya Indonesia.jpg 5
111= Ulsan  South Korea Ulsan Iaan Exordium.jpg 5
111= Wenzhou  China Wenzhou World Trade Center dans son environnement urbain.JPG 5
124= Ajman  United Arab Emirates 4
124= Caracas  Venezuela Vistaoestecaracas.jpg 4
124= Chiba  Japan View from Chiba Port-Tower Northwest.jpg 4
124= Cleveland  United States Cleveland at a glance by Lovleet.jpg 4
124= Guadalajara  Mexico
Puerta de Hierro ZM Guadalajara México.jpg
4
124= Haikou  China Haikou skyline in 2013 - 01.jpg 4
124= Harbin  China Harbin Bank 01.jpg 4
124= Huizhou  China Huizhou Sizhou Ta 2013.09.21 08-26-23.jpg 4
124= Hwaseong  South Korea 4
124= Jeddah  Saudi Arabia Jeddah Seafront.jpg 4
124= Milan  Italy Milano skyline 02.jpg 4
124= New Orleans  United States LPD18USSNewOrleansPassingNewOrleans.jpg 4
124= New Taipei City  Taiwan New Taipei Banqiao District Skyline.jpg 4
124= Perth  Australia Perth Skyline night.jpg 4
124= Portland  United States Portlandbridges.jpg 4
124= Taiyuan  China 4
124= Tampa  United States Downtowntampa08.jpg 4
124= Tangerang  Indonesia Mall culture jakarta86.jpg 4
124= Tulsa  United States Tulsa Skyline.jpg 4
124= Vancouver  Canada Downtown Vancouver viewed from Fairview Slopes - panoramio.jpg 4
124= Yantai  China Yantai2015.jpg 4
142= Astana  Kazakhstan Central Downtown Astana 4.jpg 3
142= Austin  United States Austin Skyline at Dusk (10555259063).jpg 3
142= Baltimore  United States USS-Constellation-Szmurlo.jpg 3
142= Batumi  Georgia 3
142= Indianapolis  United States 3
142= Johannesburg  South Africa 3
142= Oklahoma City  United States 3
142= Puteaux  France 3
142= Ramat Gan  Israel 3
142= Rio de Janeiro  Brazil 3
142= San Diego  United States 3
142= St. Louis  United States 3
142= Vienna  Austria 3
142= Wuhu  China 3
142= Yekaterinburg  Russia 3

Cities with at least 100 completed / topped-out skyscrapers above 150m[edit]

Some skyscraper definitions draw the lower limit at 150 metres (492 ft).[19] The following list includes all cities with at least 100 completed or topped-out skyscrapers and freestanding towers according to this definition:

City ≥800m ≥700m ≥600m ≥500m ≥450m ≥400m ≥350m ≥300m ≥250m ≥200m ≥150m
Hong Kong Hong Kong[20] 1 2 4 6 15 62 314
United States New York City[21] 1 1 2 4 7 18 58 241
United Arab Emirates Dubai[22] 1 1 1 1 1 3 11 22 42 79 180
China Shenzhen 1 1 2 3 8 19 55 157
China Shanghai[23] 1 1 2 3 3 5 21 54 145
China Guangzhou - 2 2 3 5 11 18 30 132
Japan Tokyo[24] 1 27 125
United States Chicago[25] 2 2 6 12 27 119

Cities with at least 50 skyscrapers above 150m (i.e. about 35–40 floors) (under construction inclusive)[edit]

Only skyscrapers of known height are recorded on the chart. Skyscrapers of unknown height but are known to be at least 35 floors high will still be count for the city's skyscraper tally but will not appear on the chart.

City ≥800m ≥700m ≥600m ≥500m ≥450m ≥400m ≥350m ≥300m ≥250m ≥200m ≥150m
Hong Kong Hong Kong[20] 1 2 4 6 16 64 318
United States New York City[21] 1 2 5 8 17 31 93 290
China Shenzhen[26] 1 1 2 8 21 40 101 207
United Arab Emirates Dubai[22] 1 1 1 1 1 3 13 30 60 99 200
China Shanghai[23] 1 1 2 3 3 6 22 58 150
China Guangzhou[27] 2 2 3 5 12 20 34 136
China Chongqing[28] 1 1 3 7 21 48 123
Japan Tokyo[24] - 24 117
United States Chicago[25] 2 2 6 12 28 116
Indonesia Jakarta[29] 1 4 13 47 90
China Hangzhou 1 6 17 92
Singapore Singapore[30] 6 29 86
China Chengdu[31] 1 1 2 2 22 84
Canada Toronto[32] 1 7 23 77
China Tianjin[33] 2 3 3 3 8 15 42 75
China Dalian 1 1 1 3 4 7 26 72
South Korea Seoul[34] 1 1 1 1 1 5 15 71
China Xiamen - - - - - 1 9 20 68
China Changsha - 1 1 1 6 8 30 65
China Nanjing[35] - - 1 2 3 8 10 31 61
Thailand Bangkok[36] - 1 1 2 3 13 61
China Nanning - 1 2 5 8 29 58
Malaysia Kuala Lumpur[37] 1 1 3 5 6 9 14 44 53
China Wuhan 1 1 2 3 3 6 10 26 50
Panama Panama City[38] 0 7 25 48
China Beijing - 1 1 1 1 3 7 19 48

Cities with at least 1 skyscraper above 300m (i.e. about 75–80 floors) (under construction and on-hold inclusive)[edit]

City ≥700m ≥600m ≥500m ≥450m ≥400m ≥350m ≥300m
United Arab Emirates Dubai[22] 1 1 1 1 4 10 22
China Shenzhen[26] 1 1 2 7 14
United States New York City[21] 1 2 4 7 12
China Guangzhou[27] 2 1 2 4 10
Malaysia Kuala Lumpur - 1 1 3 5 6 9
China Tianjin[33] 1 2 3 3 8
China Shanghai[23] 1 1 3 4 4 6
Hong Kong Hong Kong[20] 1 1 2 4 6
China Chongqing[28] 1 1 2 6
United States Chicago[25] 1 2 2 6
Saudi Arabia Mecca - 1 1 1 1 1 1
Saudi Arabia Jeddah 1 1 1 1 2 3 4
Saudi Arabia Riyadh - - - 7 - 2 4
Kuwait Kuwait City - - - - 1 2 5
Indonesia Jakarta[39] - - - - - 1 4
Russia Moscow - - - - - 2 6
United States San Francisco - - - - - - 1
United Arab Emirates Abu Dhabi - - - - - 1 6
Australia Gold Coast - - - - - - 1
South Korea Incheon - - - - - - 1
Thailand Bangkok - - - - 1 1 4
Qatar Doha - - 2 4 4 4 5
Chile Santiago - - - - - - 1
South Korea Seoul - - 1 1 1 1 2
South Korea Busan - - 1 1 1 1 2
Kazakhstan Astana - - - - - 1 1
United States Houston[40] - - - - - - 2
United States Los Angeles - - - - - - 2
United Kingdom London - - - - - - 2
Japan Osaka - - - - - - 1
Sri Lanka Colombo - - - - 1 1 2
United States Philadelphia - - - - - - 1
United States Atlanta - - - - - - 1
Australia Melbourne - - - - - - 1
India Mumbai - - - - 1 2 5
Bangladesh Dhaka - - - - 2 2 2

List of cities with the most buildings taller than 100m[edit]

This is a ranking of the cities with at least 10 buildings above 100m.[41]

Rank City Country Buildings
1 Hong Kong  Hong Kong 2,706[42][43]
2 Shanghai  China 1,475
3 Chongqing  China 1459[44][45]
4 Shenzhen  China 963
5 Seoul  South Korea 794
6 Sao Paulo  Brazil 770
7 Guangzhou  China 760
8 New York City  United States 740[46][47]
9 Tokyo  Japan 683
10 Dubai  United Arab Emirates 671
10 Kuala Lumpur  Malaysia 671
12 Bangkok  Thailand 664
13 Busan  South Korea 544
14 Singapore  Singapore 508
15 Manila  Philippines 454
16 Istanbul  Turkey 452
16 Jakarta  Indonesia 447[48]
18 Chicago  United States 341
19 Beijing  China 340
20 Mumbai  India 300
21 Toronto  Canada 296
22 Wuhan  China 268
23 Osaka  Japan 234
24 Tianjin  China 214
25 Hanoi  Vietnam 294
26 Moscow  Russia 198
27 Panama City  Panama 189
28 Macau  Macau 173
29 Xiamen  China 168
30 Shenyang  China 160
31 Taipei  Taiwan 157
32 George Town (Penang Island)  Malaysia 150
33 Dalian  China 147
34 Hangzhou  China 146
35 Miami  United States 137
36 Chengdu  China 133
37 Ho Chi Minh City  Vietnam 126
38 Sydney  Australia 123
39 Buenos Aires  Argentina 122
40 Mexico City  Mexico 120
41 Nanjing  China 113
42 Melbourne  Australia 111
43 Qingdao  China 108
44 Honolulu  United States 104
45 Kaohsiung  Taiwan 95
46 Doha  Qatar 91
47 Abu Dhabi  United Arab Emirates 91
48 San Francisco  United States 89
49 Houston  United States 86
50 Paris  France 74
51 Atlanta  United States 73
52 Rio de Janeiro  Brazil 73
53 New Delhi  India 72
54 Los Angeles  United States 70
55 Ankara  Turkey 68
56 Calgary  Canada 63
57 Pattaya  Thailand 61
58 Las Vegas  United States 59
58 Philadelphia  United States 59
58 Tel Aviv  Israel 59
61 Boston  United States 56
62 Brisbane  Australia 55
63 Johor Bahru  Malaysia 54
64 Dallas  United States 53
65 Montreal  Canada 50
65 Surabaya  Indonesia 50
67 London  United Kingdom 47
68 Caracas  Venezuela 46
69 Denver  United States 43
70 Nagoya  Japan 40
71 Seattle  United States 40
72 Kiev  Ukraine 31
73 Beirut  Lebanon 30
73 Frankfurt  Germany 30
75 San Diego  United States 29
75 Colombo  Sri Lanka 28
77 Minneapolis  United States 28
78 Detroit  United States 27
79 Warsaw  Poland 26
79 Vancouver  Canada 26
80 Benidorm  Spain 26
81 Pittsburgh  United States 25
82 Kolkata  India 24
83 Cairo  Egypt 22
84 New Orleans  United States 22
85 Rotterdam  Netherlands 21
86 Baltimore  United States 21
87 Bogota  Colombia 20
88 Milan  Italy 19
89 Monterrey  Mexico 19
90 Bangalore  India 18
91 Sapporo  Japan 18
92 Hyderabad  India 18
93 Durban  South Africa 18
94 Cleveland  United States 17
95 Perth  Australia 17
96 Phoenix  United States 17
97 Belgrade  Serbia 16
98 Charlotte  United States 16
100 Santiago  Chile 15
101 Edmonton  Canada 15
102 Karachi  Pakistan 15
103 Barcelona  Spain 15
104 Tangerang  Indonesia 15
105 Auckland  New Zealand 14
106 Austin  United States 14
107 Johannesburg  South Africa 13
108 Izmir  Turkey 13
109 Madrid  Spain 13
110 Sendai  Japan 12
111 Brussels  Belgium 11
112 Hiroshima  Japan 11
113 Santo Domingo  Dominican Republic 11
114 St Louis  United States 10
115 Vienna  Austria 10
116 Phnom Penh  Cambodia 10
117 Berlin  Germany 10
118 Naples  Italy 10
119 Cologne  Germany 10
120 Louisville  United States 10

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

^A Metro Manila - The actual administrative area governed by the City of Manila is only 42.88 square kilometers. The 17 cities/municipalities that constitute Metro Manila, formally known as the National Capital Region, were all historically governed as part of the City of Manila, and, as a whole, encompasses an area of 613.14 square kilometers, which is comparable to the areas covered by other cities on the list, such as Seoul, Singapore and Mumbai.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Cities Ranked by Number of 150m+ Completed Buildings
  2. ^ https://www.skyscrapercenter.com/city/hong-kong
  3. ^ http://www.skyscrapercenter.com/city/new-york-city
  4. ^ GmbH, Emporis. "Dubai | EMPORIS". www.emporis.com. Retrieved 2017-07-28. 
  5. ^ https://www.skyscrapercenter.com/city/tokyo
  6. ^ GmbH, Emporis. "Shanghai | EMPORIS". www.emporis.com. Retrieved 2017-06-16. 
  7. ^ https://www.skyscrapercenter.com/city/chicago
  8. ^ GmbH, Emporis. "Chongqing | EMPORIS". www.emporis.com. Retrieved 2017-06-16. 
  9. ^ GmbH, Emporis. "Shenzhen | EMPORIS". www.emporis.com. Retrieved 2017-06-16. 
  10. ^ GmbH, Emporis. "Guangzhou | EMPORIS". www.emporis.com. Retrieved 2017-06-16. 
  11. ^ https://www.skyscrapercenter.com/city/chengdu
  12. ^ GmbH, Emporis. "Seoul | EMPORIS". www.emporis.com. Retrieved 2017-07-28. 
  13. ^ GmbH, Emporis. "Shenyang | EMPORIS". www.emporis.com. Retrieved 2017-06-16. 
  14. ^ https://www.skyscrapercenter.com/city/jakarta
  15. ^ "Mumbai, India". 
  16. ^ http://skyscrapercenter.com/country/philippines
  17. ^ a b http://skyscrapercenter.com/
  18. ^ GmbH, Emporis. "Wuhan | EMPORIS". www.emporis.com. Retrieved 2017-06-16. 
  19. ^ "Huge New Rogers Skyscraper Proposed". skyscrapernews.com. 3 December 2007. Retrieved 3 December 2007. ...their eleventh proper skyscraper, that is by definition buildings above 150 metres 
  20. ^ a b c "CTBUH Tall Building Database". The Skyscraper Center. Retrieved 2013-11-18. 
  21. ^ a b c "CTBUH Tall Building Database". The Skyscraper Center. Retrieved 2013-11-18. 
  22. ^ a b c "CTBUH Tall Building Database". The Skyscraper Center. Retrieved 2013-11-18. 
  23. ^ a b c "CTBUH Tall Building Database". The Skyscraper Center. Retrieved 2013-11-18. 
  24. ^ a b "CTBUH Tall Building Database". The Skyscraper Center. Retrieved 2013-11-18. 
  25. ^ a b c "CTBUH Tall Building Database". The Skyscraper Center. Retrieved 2013-11-18. 
  26. ^ a b "Shenzhen". CTBUH. Retrieved 2012-08-01. 
  27. ^ a b "Guangzhou". CTBUH. Retrieved 2012-08-01. 
  28. ^ a b "Chongqing". CTBUH. Retrieved 2012-08-01. 
  29. ^ "CTBUH Tall Building Database". The Skyscraper Center. Retrieved 2015-10-27. 
  30. ^ "Singapore". CTBUH. Retrieved 2012-05-02. 
  31. ^ "Chengdu". CTBUH. Retrieved 2014-05-10. 
  32. ^ "Toronto". Skyscraperpage. Retrieved 2013-05-30. 
  33. ^ a b "Tianjin". CTBUH. Retrieved 2012-05-02. 
  34. ^ "Seoul". CTBUH. Retrieved 2012-05-02. 
  35. ^ "Nanjing". CTBUH. Retrieved 2012-10-14. 
  36. ^ "Bangkok". CTBUH. Retrieved 2012-05-02. 
  37. ^ "CTBUH Tall Building Database". The Skyscraper Center. Retrieved 2013-11-18. 
  38. ^ "Panama City". CTBUH. Retrieved 2012-05-02. 
  39. ^ [1]
  40. ^ "List of cities with the most skyscrapers". CTBUH Skyscraper Database. 
  41. ^ "The World's 50 Tallest Urban Agglomerations". Ctbuh.org. Retrieved 2013-11-18. 
  42. ^ Hong Kong
  43. ^ Hong Kong
  44. ^ Chongqing
  45. ^ Chongqing
  46. ^ New York
  47. ^ New York
  48. ^ [2]

External links[edit]