List of city nicknames in the United Kingdom
This partial list of city nicknames in the United Kingdom compiles the aliases, sobriquets and slogans that cities in the United Kingdom are known by (or have been known by historically), officially and unofficially, to locals, outsiders or their tourism boards or chambers of commerce. City nicknames can help in establishing a civic identity, helping outsiders recognize a community or attracting people to a community because of its nickname; promote civic pride; and build community unity. Nicknames and slogans that successfully create a new community "ideology or myth" are also believed to have economic value. Their economic value is difficult to measure, but there are anecdotal reports of cities that have achieved substantial economic benefits by "branding" themselves by adopting new slogans.
Some unofficial nicknames are positive, while others are derisive. The unofficial nicknames listed here have been in use for a long time or have gained wide currency.
- "Energy Capital of Europe" - the "greenwashed" name now being used in the city as it tries to project a "greener" image, not based on oil.
- "Furryboots City" - This is a humorous rendering of the Doric, "far aboots?" ("Whereabouts?"), as in "Far aboots ye frae?" ("Whereabouts are you from?")
- "The Granite City" - the most well-known, due to the copious use of local grey granite in the city's older buildings.
- "Oil Capital of Europe" - There are numerous variants on this, such as "Oil Capital of Scotland" etc.
- "Birmingham Science City" - Birmingham is one of six cities to receive a "Science City" designation from central government. The cities are active in promoting and funding opportunities for scientific enterprise in their locality.
- "Brum" - shortened form of "Brummagem", one of many variant spellings of the city's name. The derived term "Brummie" can refer both to the people of the area, and the local dialect and accent.
- "City of a Thousand Trades"  - with reference to the city's former industrial might.
- "Workshop of the world"  - also a reference to the city's industrial heritage.
- "Second City" - Used by many traders, politicians, and is the popular name of the derby between the city's two football clubs Aston Villa F.C. and Birmingham City F.C.. See, however, Second city of the United Kingdom.
- "The Pen Shop of the World" - Historical. In reference to Birmingham's huge pen trade in the 1800s.
- "Bradistan" - the suffix -stan refers to the city's large Asian community, particularly from Pakistan. The nickname is used by white and Asian people alike, and came to many people's attention in the film East is East.
- "Woolopolis" - a reference to the Victorian era wool making industry in the city, in the style of Manchester's "Cottonopolis"
- Brighton and Hove
- "Bristle" or "Brizzle" - Bristol natives speak with a rhotic accent. An unusual feature of this dialect, unique to Bristol, is the Bristol L (or terminal L), in which an L sound is appended to words.
- "Science City Bristol" - Bristol is another of the six cities to receive a "Science City" designation in 2005 from central government.
- "City of perspiring dreams" - by contrast with Oxford's nickname, "the city of dreaming spires". Coined by author and screenwriter Frederic Raphael in The Glittering Prizes. "Perspiring Dreams" was later the title of the Cambridge Student Union's alternative prospectus.
- "Silicon Fen" - often applied to Cambridge and the immediately surrounding region, because of the large number of high-tech businesses in the area. The name refers to the similarities to Silicon Valley in California, and the location close to The Fens. In contrast to Scotland's Silicon Glen which relates to manufacturing
- "Derbados" - portemanteau of Derby and Barbados
- "Donny" - shortened version of Doncaster.
- "City of Discovery"
- "The Ship of The Fens" - referring to the size of the city's Ely Cathedral, and that due to the area's low-lying topography, it can be seen from miles around.
- "Dear Green Place" - from one interpretation of the Scottish Gaelic name Glaschu
- "Red Clydeside" - based on a post World War 1 reputation as a centre of left-wing activity
- "Second City of the Empire" - a reference to the Victorian era industrial past of the city.
- "Shipbuilding capital of the world" - another reference to the Victorian period in which the Clydeside shipyards were one of the foremost builders in the world.
- "Hudds" - shortened version of Huddersfield.
- "The Big HUD" - common colloquial nickname used by young people in the town.
- Kingston upon Hull
- "The Three Sticks" - Originally a Citizen Band [CB] Radio reference to the three spires of Lichfield Cathedral.
- City of London
- "The Great Wen" - a disparaging nickname for London. The term was coined in the 1820s by William Cobbett, the radical pamphleteer and champion of rural England. Cobbett saw the rapidly growing city as a pathological swelling on the face of the nation.
- "Reykjavík on Thames" - a nickname coined by economists concerned that the UK had the same banking characteristics as Iceland, after the 2008–2012 Icelandic financial crisis.
- "The Smoke" / "The Big Smoke" - air pollution in London regularly gave rise to pea soup fogs, most notably the Great Smog of 1952, and a nickname that persists to this day.
- "Cottonopolis" - originated in the 19th century, in reference to the predominance of the cotton industry there.
- "Granadaland" - coined from the region's commercial TV operator, Granada Television, which is based in the city at Granada Studios, it was also used as a moniker for Manchester itself, especially in the media world.
- "Gunchester" - a name attached to the city by media in the 1990s because of the high incidence of gun crime in south Manchester.
- "Madchester" - the name arising from a musical scene in the city in the late 1980s and early 1990s; and which has been attributed to Shaun Ryder, of the Happy Mondays
- "Manchester Science City" - Manchester is another of the six cities to receive a "Science City" designation in 2005 from central government.
- "Manchesterford" - A portmanteau of Manchester and Salford, began as a fictional setting for Victoria Wood's 1980s series of sketches on BBC TV, Acorn Antiques, but gained colloquial popularity, especially on the gay scene and was immortalized in iron and song lyrics during a 2005 staging of a stage musical version of the TV sketches.
- "Rainy City" - Manchester is often perceived to have rainy weather.
- "Manny" - Shortened version of Manchester.
- "Warehouse city" - also emerged as a nickname in the 19th century thanks to the large number of warehouses constructed (1,819 by 1815), particularly concentrated in a square mile around the city centre. Many of these were noted for their scale and style.
- Newcastle upon Tyne
- "Ponte" - shortened version of Pontefract.
- "Ponte Carlo".
- "Pompey" - thought to have derived from shipping entering Portsmouth harbour making an entry in their logs as Pom. P. in reference to Portsmouth Point. Navigational charts also use this abbreviation. Other derivations of the name exist.
- "Proud Preston" - this nickname was said by Edmund Calamy to have been common in 1709, and it remains in use to this day. A common misconception is that the "PP" on the city's coat of arms stands for "Proud Preston", though the city council states that it actually stands for "Princeps Pacis" (Prince of Peace).
- "P-Town" (often shortened to "P") - a nickname increasing in popularity during the early 2010s due to its evident abbreviation, and is also used to suggest monetary gain, usually ironically.
- "Steel City" - a reference to the dominant industry in Sheffield in the nineteenth and twentieth century.
- "People's Republic of South Yorkshire" (or Socialist Republic of...) - a reference to the left wing politics of the city during the 1980s.
- "England's largest village" - a term coined locally to reflect indigenous pride in the perceived inherent friendliness of the City's inhabitants and its low crime rates.
- "The Five Towns" or "The Six Towns" - In the novels of Arnold Bennett the area that was to become the city is referred to as "the Five Towns"; Bennett felt that the name was more euphonious than "the Six Towns" so Fenton was left out .
- "The Potteries" - after the city's former main industry.
- "The Merry City"- reputation for high alcohol-consumption dates from the 19th century.
- "Wakey" - shortened version of Wakefield.
- "Science City York" - York is another of the six cities to receive a "Science City" designation in 2005 from central government.
- "Chocolate City", due to the former chocolate factories in the city
- City status in the United Kingdom
- List of football club nicknames in the United Kingdom
- List of adjectival and demonymic forms of place names#Cities
- Second city of the United Kingdom
- Lists of nicknames – nickname list articles on Wikipedia
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