List of classical abbreviations

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The following list contains a selection from the Latin abbreviations that occur in the writings and inscriptions of the Romans.[1][2]

A[edit]

  • A.Absolvo, Actum, Aedilis, Aes, Aedilis, Ager, Ago, Aio, Amicus, Annus, Antiquo, Auctor, Auditor, Augustus, Aulus, Aurum, Aut.[3]
  • A.A.Aes alienum, Ante audita, Apud agrum, Aurum argentum.
  • AA.Augusti duo.[3]
  • AAA.Augusti tres.
  • A.A.A.F.F.Auro argento aere flando feriundo. or Aere Argento Auro Flando Feriundo.[3]
  • A.A.V.Alter ambove.
  • A.C.Acta causa, Alius civis.
  • A.D.Ante diem
  • A.D.V.Ante diem quintum.
  • A.D.A.Ad dandos agros.
  • AEO.Aedes, Aedilis, Aedilitas.
  • AEM., AIM.Aemilius, Aemilia.
  • AER.Aerarium.
  • AER.P.Aere publico.
  • A.F.Acture fide, Auli filius.
  • AG.Ager, Ago, Agrippa.
  • A.G.Ammo grato, Aulus Gellius.
  • A.L.AE., A.L.E.Arbitrium litis aestimandae.
  • A.M., A.MILL.Ad milliarium. Ante Meridian.
  • AN.Aniensis, Annus, Ante.
  • ANN.Annales, Anni, Annona.
  • ANT.Ante, Antonius.
  • A.O.Alii omnes, Amico optimo.
  • AP.Atppius, Apud.
  • A.P.Ad pedes, Aedilitia potestate.
  • A.P.F.Auro (or argento) publico feriundo.
  • A.P.M.Amico posuit monumentum, Annorum plus minus.
  • A.P.R.C.Anno post Romam conditam.
  • ARG.Argentum.
  • AR.V.V.D.D.Aram votam volens dedicavit, Arma votiva dono dedit.
  • AT, A TE., A TER.A tergo.
  • A.T.M.D.O.Aio te mihi dare oportere.
  • AV.Augur, Augustus, Aurelius.
  • A.V.Annos vixit.
  • A.V.C.Ab urbe condita.
  • AVG.Augur, Augustus.
  • AVGG.Augusti duo[3]
  • AVGGG.Augusti tres.
  • AVT.PR.R.Auctoritas provinciae Romanorum.
  • A.Absolvo, Aedilis, Aes, Ager, Ago, Aio, Amicus, Annus, Antiquo, Auctor, Auditor, Augustus, Aulus, Aurum, Aut.
  • AA.Augusti.
  • AAA., AAAGGGAugusti tres.
  • A.A.A.F.F.Auro argento acre flando feriundo.
  • A.B.Artium Baccalaureus ("Bachelor of Arts")
  • Ab.Abbas ("Abbot")
  • Abp.Archbishop
  • Abs.Absens ("Absent")
  • Absoluo.Absolutio ("Absolution")
  • ABB.Abbas
  • A.B.M.Amico bene merenti
  • A.C.Auditor Cameræ (Auditor of the Papal Treasury)
  • ACAnte Christum ("Before Christ")
  • ACNAnte Christum Natum ("Before the Birth of Christ")
  • A.D.Anno Domini ("Year of Our Lord")
  • a.d.ante diem ("The day before")
  • A.C.Acta causa, Alins civis.
  • A.D.A domino, Anno Domini, Ante diem
  • AED.Aedilis
  • AEDILIC.Aedilicia potestate, Aedilicius
  • AED CVRAedilis curulis
  • AEL.Aelius
  • AEPP.Archiepiscopus
  • Alr.Aliter ("Otherwise")
  • A.M., A.MILL.Ad milliarium.
  • AP.Atppius, Apud.
  • A.P.F.Auro (sive argento) publico feriundo.
  • A.P.M.Amico posuit monumentum, Annorum plus minus.
  • Applica.Apostolica ("Apostolic")
  • Appatis.Approbatis ("Having been approved")
  • Archiepus.Archiepiscopus ("Archbishop")
  • Aucte.Auctoritate ("By the Authority")
  • AVG.Augur, Augustus, Augustus mensis.
  • AVGG.Augusti
  • AVR.Aurelius
  • AVSPPAuspicia
  • Adm. Rev.Admodum Reverendus ("Very Reverend")
  • Adv.Adventus ("Advent")
  • Alb.Albus ("White" — Breviary)
  • al.alii, alibi, alias ("others", "elsewhere", "otherwise")
  • A.M.Anno Mundi ("Year of the World")
  • A.M.Artium Magister ("Master of Arts")
  • A.M.D.G.Ad Majorem Dei Gloriam ("For the greater glory of God")
  • An.Annus ("Year")
  • Ann.Anni ("Years")
  • AnaAntiphona
  • Ant.Antiphona
  • Apost.Apostolus ("Apostle")
  • Ap. Sed.Apostolica Sedes ("Apostolic See")
  • Ap. Sed. Leg.Apostolicæ Sedis Legatus ("Legate of the Apostolic See")
  • Archiep.Archiepiscopus ("Archbishop")
  • Archid.Archidiaconus ("Archdeacon")
  • Archiprb.Archipresbyter ("Archpriest")
  • A.R.S.Anno Reparatæ Salutis ("In the year of Our Redemption")
  • A.U.Alma Urbs ("Beloved City" — i.e., Rome)
  • Authen.Authentica ("Authentic" — e.g. letters)
  • Aux.Auxilium, Auxilio ("Help", "With the help of")
  • A.D.Ante Diem (e.g. in the phrase, "Ante Diem VI [or Sextum] Kal. Apriles", is equivalent to the sixth day before the Calends of April, counting both the Calends and the day intended to be indicated); or Anima Dulcis ("Sweet Soul")
  • A.Q.I.C.Anima Quiescat In Christo ("May his [or her] Soul Repose in Christ")

B[edit]

  • B.Balbius, Balbus, Beatus, Bene, Beneficiarius, Beneficium, Bonus, Brutus, Bustum.
  • B. (for V.) – Berna Bivus, Bixit.
  • B.A.Bixit anos, Bonis auguriis, Bonus amabilis.
  • BB., B.B.Bene bene, i.e. optime, Optimus.
  • B.D.Bonae deae, Bonum datum.
  • B.DD.Bonis deabus.
  • B.D.S.M.Bene de se merenti.
  • B.F.Bona femina, Bona fides, Bona fortuna, Bonum factum.
  • B.F.Bona femina, Bona filia.
  • B.H.Bona hereditaria, Bonorum heres.
  • B.I.Bonum judicium.
  • B.I.I.Boni judicis judicium.
  • B.M.Beatae memoriae, Bene merenti.
  • B.N.Bona nostra, Bonum nomen.
  • BN.H.I.Bona hic invenies.
  • B.P.Bona paterna, Bonorum potestas, Bonum publicum.
  • B.Q.Bene quiescat, Bona quaesita.
  • B.RP.N.Boho reipublicae natus.
  • BRT.Britannicus.
  • B.T.Bonorum tutor, Brevi tempore.
  • B.V.Bene vale, Bene vixit, Bonus vir.
  • B.V.V.Balnea vina Venus.
  • BX.Bixit (for vixit).
  • B.Balbius, Balbus, Beatus, Bene, Beneficiarius, Beneficium, Bonus, Brutus, Bustum.
  • B. (in loco V.) – Berna Bivus, Bixit.
  • B.A.Bixit annos [recte Vixit annos], Bonis auguriis, Bonus amabilis.
  • BB., B.B.Bene bene, i.e. optime, Optimus.
  • B.D.Bonae deae, Bonum datum.
  • B.DD.Bonis deabus.
  • B.D.S.M.Bene de se merenti.
  • B.F.Bona femina, Bona fides, Bona fortuna, Bonum factum.
  • B.F.Bona femina, Bona filia.
  • B.H.Bona hereditaria, Bonorum heres.
  • B.I.Bonum iudicium.
  • B.I.I.Boni iudicis iudicium.
  • B.M.Beatae memoriae, Bene merenti.
  • B.M.V.Beatae Mariae virginis
  • B.N.Bona nostra, Bonum nomen.
  • BN.H.I.Bona hic invenies.
  • B.P.Bona paterna, Bonorum potestas, Bonum publicum.
  • B.Q.Bene quiescat, Bona quaesita.
  • B.RP.N.Boho reipublicae natus.
  • BRT.Britannicus.
  • B.T.Bonorum tutor, Brevi tempore.
  • B.V.Bene vale, Bene vixit, Bonus vir.
  • B.V.V.Balnea vina Venus.
  • BX.Bixit [recte vixit].
  • B.Bene Merenti
  • BMT.Bene Merenti ("To the Well-Deserving")
  • B.M.Bonae Memoriæ ("Of Happy Memory")
  • B.F.Bonae Feminæ ("To the Good Woman")
  • B.I.C.Bibas [for Vivas] In Christo ("May you Live In Christ")
  • B.M.F.Bene Merenti Fecit ("He erected this to the Well-Deserving")
  • B.Q.Bene Quiescat ("May he [or she] Rest Well")
  • B.A.Baccalaureus Artium ("Bachelor of Arts")
  • B. BB.Beatus, Beati ("Blessed")
  • B.C.Before Christ
  • B.C.L.Baccalaureus Civilis [or Canonicae] Legis ("Bachelor of Civil [or Canon] Law")
  • B.D.Bachelor of Divinity
  • B.F.Bona Fide ("In Good Faith")
  • Ben.Benedictio ("Blessing")
  • Benevol.Benevolentia ("Benevolence")
  • Bon. Mem.Bonæ Memoriæ ("Of Happy Memory")
  • B.P.Beatissime Pater ("Most Holy Father")
  • Bro.Brother
  • B. Se.Baccalaureus Scientiarum ("Bachelor of Sciences")
  • B.U.J.Baccalaureus Utriusque Juris ("Bachelor of Both Laws" — i.e., civil and canon)
  • B.T.Baccalaureus Theologiæ ("Bachelor of Theology")
  • B.V.Beatitudo Vestra ("Your Holiness")
  • B.V.Beata Virgo ("Blessed Virgin")
  • B.V.M.Beata Virgo Maria ("Blessed Virgin Mary")

C[edit]

  • C.Caesar, Cains, Caput, Causa, Censor, Civis, Conors, Colonia Comitialis (dies), Condemno, Consul, Cum, Curo, Custos, Caia, Centuria, Cum, Con. (prefix).
  • C.B.Civis bonus, Commune bonum, Conjugi benemerenti, Cui bono.
  • C.C.Calumniae causa, Causa cognita, Conjugi carissimae, Consilium cepit, Curiae consulto.
  • C.C.C.Calumniae cavendae causa.
  • C.C.F.Caesar (or Caius) curavit faciendum, Caius Caii filius.
  • CC.VV.Clarissimi viri. (=senators)
  • C.D.Caesaris decreto, Cains Decius, Comitialibus diebus.
  • CES.Censor, Censores.
  • CESS.Censores.
  • C.F.Causa fiduciae, Conjugi fecit, Curavit faciendum.
  • C.H.Custos heredum, Custos hortorum.
  • C.I.Caius Julius, Consul jussit, Curavit judex.
  • CL.Clarissimus, Claudius, Clodius, Colonia.
  • CL.V.Clarissimus vir, Clypeum vovit.
  • C.M.Caius Marius, Causa mortis.
  • CN.Cnaeus.
  • COH.Coheres, Conors.
  • COL.Collega, Collegium, Colonia, Columna.
  • COLL.Collega, Coloni, Coloniae.
  • COM.Comes, Comitium, Comparatum.
  • CON.Conjux, Consensus, Consiliarius, Consul, Consularis.
  • COR.Cornelia (tribus), Cornelius, Corona, Corpus.
  • COS.Consiliarius, Consul, Consulares.
  • COSS.Consules.
  • C.P.Carissimus (or Clarissimus) puer, Civis publicus, Curavit ponendum.
  • C.R.Caius Rufus, Civis Romanus, Curavit reficiendum.
  • CS.Caesar, Communis, Consul.
  • C.V.Clarissimus (or Consularis) vir.
  • CVR.Cura, Curator, Curavit, Curia.
  • C.Caesar, Caius, Caput, Carrissimus, Causa, Censor, Centurio, Civis, Cohors, Colonia Comitialis (dies), Condemno, Coniunx, Comes, Consul, Cum, Curavit, Curo, Custos, Caia, Centuria, Cum, Con. (praeverbium).
  • c.circa
  • CAL.Calendis
  • C.B.Civis bonus, Commune bonum, Coniugi benemerenti, Cui bono.
  • C.C.Calumniae causa, Causa cognita, Coniugi carissimae, Consilium cepit, Curiae consulto.
  • C.C.C.Calumniae cavendae causa.
  • C.C.F.Caesar (vel Caius) curavit faciendum, Caius Caii filius.
  • CC.VV.Clarissimi viri.
  • C.D.Caesaris decreto, Cains Decius, Comitialibus diebus.
  • CES.Censor, Censores.
  • CESS.Censores.
  • C.F.Causa fiduciae, Coniugi fecit, Curavit faciendum.
  • C.H.Custos heredum, Custos hortorum.
  • C.I.Caius Iulius, Consul iussit, Curavit iudex.
  • CL.Clarissimus, Claudius, Clodius, Colonia.
  • CL.V.Clarissimus vir, Clypeum vovit.
  • C.M.Caius Marius, Causa mortis.
  • CN.Cnaeus.
  • COH.Coheres, Conors.
  • COL.Collega, Collegium, Colonia, Columna.
  • COLL.Collega, Coloni, Coloniae.
  • COM.Comes, Comitium, Comparatum.
  • CON.Coniunx, Consensus, Consiliarius, Consul, Consularis.
  • COR.Cornelia (tribus), Cornelius, Corona, Corpus.
  • COS.Consiliarius, Consul, Consulares.
  • COSS.Consules.
  • C.P.Carissimus (sive Clarissimus) puer, Civis publicus, Curavit ponendum.
  • C.R.Caius Rufus, Civis Romanus, Curavit reficiendum.
  • CS.Caesar, Communis, Consul.
  • C.V.Clarissimus (sive Consularis) vir.
  • CVR.Cura, Curator, Curavit, Curia.
  • Cam.Camera (Papal Treasury)
  • Cam. Ap.Camera Apostolica ("Apostolic Camera" — i.e. Papal Treasury)
  • Can.Canonicus
  • Canc.Cancellarius ("Chancellor")
  • Cap.Capitulum ("Little Chapter" — Breviary)
  • Cap. de seq.Capitulum de Sequenti ("Little chapter of the following feast" — Breviary)
  • Capel.Capella ("Chapel")
  • Caus.Causa ("Cause")
  • C.C.Curatus ("Curate" — used chiefly in Ireland)
  • CC. VV.Clarissimi Viri ("Illustrious Men")
  • Cen. Eccl.Censura Ecclesiastica ("Ecclesiastical Censure")
  • Cla.Clausula ("Clause")
  • Cl.Clericus
  • Clico.Clericus, Clerico ("Cleric")
  • Clun.Cluniacenses ("Monks of Cluny")
  • C.M.Causa Mortis ("On occasion of death")
  • Cod.Codex (Manuscript)
  • Cog. Leg.Cognatio Legalis ("Legal Cognation")
  • Cog. Spir.Cognatio Spiritualis ("Spiritual Cognation")
  • Coll. Cone.Collectio Conciliorum ("Collection of the Councils")
  • Comm. Prec.Commemoratio Praecedentis ("Commemoration of the preceding feast" — Breviary)
  • Comm. Seq.Commemoratio Sequentis ("Commemoration of the following feast" — Breviary)
  • Compl.Completorium ("Compline" — Breviary)
  • Con.Contra ("against")
  • Cone.Concilium ("Council")
  • Conf.Confessor
  • Conf. Doct.Confessor et Doctor (Breviary)
  • Conf. Pont.Confessor Pontifex ("Confessor and Bishop" — Breviary)
  • Cons.Consecratio ("Consecration")
  • Consecr.Consecratus ("Consecrated")
  • Const. Ap.Constitutio Apostolica ("Apostolic Constitution")
  • Cr.Credo ("Creed" — Breviary)
  • Canice.Canonice ("Canonically")
  • Card.Cardinalis ("Cardinal")
  • Cens.Censuris ("Censures" — abl. or dat. case)
  • Circumpeone.Circumspectione ("Circumspection" — abl. case)
  • Coione.Communione ("Communion" — abl. case)
  • Confeone.Confessione ("Confession" — abl. case)
  • Consciae.Conscientiæ ("Of [or to] conscience")
  • ConstbusConstitutionibus ("Constitutions" — abl. or dat. Case)
  • C.Consul
  • CC.Consules ("Consuls")
  • C.F.Clarissima Femina ("Most Illustrious Woman")
  • Cl. V.Clarissimus Vir ("Most Illustrious Man")
  • C.O.Conjugi Optimo ("To my Excellent Husband")
  • C.O.B.Q.Cum Omnibus Bonis Quiescat ("May he [or she] Repose With All Good souls")
  • COI.Conjugi ("To my Husband [or Wife]")
  • CS.Consul
  • COS.Consul
  • COSS.Consules ("Consuls")
  • C.P.Clarissima Puella ("Most Illustrious Maiden")

D[edit]

  • D.Dat, Dedit, De, Decimus, Decius, Decretum, Decurio, Deus, Dicit, Dies, Divus, Dominus, Domus, Donum, Depositus ("Laid to rest"), Dulcis ("Dear One"), Dedit, Dedicavit ("Gave", "Dedicated")
  • d.dies ("day")
  • D.C.Decurio coloniae, Diebus comitialibus, Divus Caesar.
  • D.C.L.Doctor Civilis [or Canonicae] Legis ("Doctor of Civil [or Canon] Law")
  • D.D.Dea Dia, Decurionum decreto, Dedicavit, Deo dedit, Dono dedit, Domus Divina,,[3] Doctor Divinitatis ("Doctor of Divinity" — i.e. Theology), Doctores ("Doctors")
  • D.D.D.Datum decreto decurionum, Dono dedit dedicavit, Deo Donum Dedit[3]
  • D.D.L.M.Donum dedit libens merito.
  • D.E.R.De ea re.
  • D.G.Dei Gratia ("By the Grace of God")
  • D.I.Dedit imperator, Diis immortalibus, Diis inferis.
  • D.I.P.Dormit In Pace ("Sleeps in Peace")
  • D.l.M.Deo invicto Mithrae, Diis inferis Manibus.
  • D.M.Deo Magno, Dignus memoria, Di(i)s Manibus ("To the Manes/spirits of the departed"), Dolo malo.
  • D.M.P.S.Dis Manibus (et) perpetuae securitati
  • D.M.S.Diis Manibus Sacrum ("Sacred to the Manes [of]")
  • D.N.Domino Nostro ("To Our Lord"), Dominus Noster ("Our Lord")
  • D.N.I.C.Domini nostri Iesu Christi
  • D.N.J.C.Dominus Noster Jesus Christus ("Our Lord Jesus Christ")
  • D.O.M.Deo Optimo Maximo ("To God, the Best and Greatest")
  • D.O.M.A.Deo Optimo maximo aeterno
  • D.P.S.Dedit proprio sumptu, Deo perpetuo sacrum, De pecunia sua.
  • D.R.Decanus Ruralis ("Rural Dean")
  • D.S.I.M.Deo Soli Invicto Mithrae
  • D.Se.Doctor Scientiarum ("Doctor of Sciences")
  • D.V.Deo Volente ("God willing")
  • DD. NN.Dominis Nostris ("To Our Lords")
  • DD.Divi
  • Dec.Decanus ("Dean")
  • DEC.Decurio
  • Def.Defunctus ("Deceased")
  • DEP.Depositus ("Laid to rest")
  • DES.Designatus.
  • DEVDevotus
  • Discreoni.Discretioni ("To the Discretion")
  • Dispensao.Dispensatio ("Dispensation")
  • DNDominus
  • Dni.Domini
  • DNO.Domino
  • DNSDominus ("Lord", "Sir", or "Mr.")
  • DnusDominus
  • DNUSDominus
  • Doct.Doctor (Breviary)
  • Dom.Dominica ("Sunday")
  • Doxol.Doxologia ("Doxology" — Breviary)
  • Dr. iur.Doctor iuris
  • DSDeus ("God")
  • Dupl. I. Cl.Duplex Primæ Classis ("Double First Class feast" — Breviary)
  • Dupl. II. Cl.Duplex Secundae Classis ("Double Second Class feast" — Breviary)
  • Dupl. Maj.Duplex Major ("Double Major feast")
  • Dupl.Duplex ("Double feast" — Breviary)

E[edit]

  • E.Ecclesia, Ejus, Eius, Eques, Erexft, Ergo, Est, Et, Earvin, Etiam, Evangelista, Ex.
  • EG.Aeger, Egit, Egregius.
  • E.G.exempli gratia (e.g.) (for the sake of example)
  • EQ.M.Equitum magister.
  • EL.Electus
  • E.M.Egregiae memoriae, Eiusmodi, Ejusmodi, Erexit monumentum.
  • EPI.Episcopi
  • EPO.Episcopo
  • EQ.Eques
  • EQ.M.Equitum magister.
  • E.Q.R.Eques Romanus.
  • E.P.Equo publico.
  • E.R.A.Ea res agitur.
  • E(X)T.Ex testamento
  • E(X)V.Ex voto
  • Eccl.Ecclesiasticus ("Ecclesiastic")
  • Eccl.Ecclesia ("The Church")
  • El.Electio, Electus ("Election", "Elect")
  • EmusEminentissimus ("Most Eminent")
  • EPSEpiscopus
  • EP.Episcopus
  • Episc.Episcopus ("Bishop")
  • Et.Etiam ("Also, Even")
  • Evang.Evangelium ("Gospel" — Breviary)
  • Ex.Extra ("Outside of")
  • Exe.Excommunicatus, Excommunicatio ("Excommunicated, Excommunication")
  • Ecclae.Ecclesiæ ("Of [or to] the Church")
  • Ecclis.Ecclesiasticis ("Ecclesiastical")
  • Effum.Effectum ("Effect")
  • Epus.Episcopus ("Bishop")
  • Excoe.Excommunicatione ("Excommunication" — abl. case)
  • Exit.Existit ("Exists")
  • E.V.Ex Voto ("In Fulfilment of a Vow")
  • EX. TM.Ex Testamento ("In accordance with the Testament of")
  • E VIV. DISC.E Vivis Discessit ("Departed from Life")

F[edit]

  • F.Fabius, Facere, Fecit, &c., Familia, Fastus (dies), Felix, Femina, Fides, Filius, Flamen, Fortuna, Frater, Fuit, Functus.
  • F.C.Faciendum curavit, Fidei commissume, Fiduciae causa.
  • F.D.Fidem dedit, Flamen Dialis, Fraude donavit.
  • F.F.F.Ferro flamma fame, Fortior fortuna fato.
  • FL.Filius, Flamen, Flaminius, Flavius.
  • F.L.Favete linguis, Fecit libens, Felix liber.
  • FR.Forum, Fronte, Frumentarius.
  • F.R.Forum Romanum.
  • F.Fabius, Facere, Fecit, &c., Familia, Fastus (dies), Felix, Femina, Fides, Filius, Flamen, Fortuna, Frater, Fuit, Functus.
  • F.F.Fratres
  • F.F.C.Filii faciendum curaverunt
  • F.C.Faciendum curavit, Fidei commissume, Fiduciae causa.
  • F.D.Fidem dedit, Flamen Dialis, Fraude donavit.
  • F.F.F.Ferro flamma fame, Fortior fortuna fato.
  • FL.Filius, Flamen, Flaminius, Flavius, floruit.
  • F.L.Favete linguis, Fecit libens, Felix liber.
  • FR.Forum, Fronte, Frumentarius., Frater
  • F.R.Forum Romanum.
  • FS ET SFecit sibi et sui
  • F.Fecit ("Did"); or Filius ("Son"); or Feliciter ("Happily")
  • F.C.Fieri Curavit ("Caused to be made")
  • F.F.Fieri Fecit ("Caused to be made")
  • FF.Fratres ("Brothers"); Filii ("Sons")
  • FS.Fossor ("Digger")
  • Fr.Frater ("Brother")
  • Frum.Fratrum ("Of the Brothers")
  • Fel. Mem.Felicis Memoriæ ("Of Happy Memory")
  • Fel. Rec.Felicis Recordationis ("Of Happy Memory")
  • Fer.Feria ("Weekday")
  • Fr.Frater
  • F.Frater, Frere ("Brother")
  • Fund.Fundatio ("Foundation")

G[edit]

  • G.Gaius (Caius), Gallia, Gaudium, Gellius, Gemma, Gens, Gesta, Gratia.
  • G.F.Gemina fidelis (legioni).
  • G.P.F.Gemina pia fidelis (legioni).
  • GL.Gloria.
  • GN.Genius, Gens, Genus, Gnaeus (Cnaeus).
  • G.P.R.Genro populi Romani.
  • Gen.Generalis ("General")
  • Gl.Gloria ("Glory to God", etc.)
  • Gr.Gratia ("Grace")
  • Grad.Gradus ("Grade")
  • Great.Gratias ("Thanks"); or Gratis ("Without expense")
  • GnalisGeneralis ("General")
  • G.P.R.Genro populi Romani.

H[edit]

  • H.Habet, Heres, Hic, Homo, Honor, Hora.
  • HBQ.Hic Bene Quiescat (Latin: May He Rest Peacefully Here, epigraphy)
  • HER.Heres, Herennius.
  • HER., HERC.Hercules.
  • H.L.Hac lege, Hoc loco, Honesto loco.
  • H.M.Hoc monumentum, Honesta mulier, Hora mala.
  • H.S.E.Hic sepultus est, Hic situs est.
  • H.V.Haec urbs, Hic vivit, Honeste vixit, Honestus vir.
  • H.Habet, Heres, Hic, Homo, Honor, Hora.
  • H.B.Hungaria (et) Bohmia
  • HER.Heres, Herennius.
  • HER., HERC.Hercules.
  • H.F.C.Heres faciendum curavit
  • HH.Heredes
  • H.L.Hac lege, Hoc loco, Honesto loco.
  • H.M.Hoc monumentum, Honesta mulier, Hora mala.
  • H.M.P.Hoc monumentum posuit
  • H.S.E.Hic sepultus est, Hic situs est.
  • H.V.Haec urbs, Hic vivit, Honeste vixit, Honestus vir.
  • Humil.Humiliter ("Humbly")
  • Humoi.Huiusmodi ("Of this kind")
  • hebd.Hebdomada ("Week")
  • Hom.Homilia ("Homily" — Breviary)
  • hor.hora ("hour")
  • H.Haeres ("Heir"); Hic ("Here")
  • H.L.S.Hoc Loco Situs ("Laid [or Put] in This Place")
  • H.M.F.F.Hoc Monumentum Fieri Fecit ("Caused This Monument to be Made")
  • H.S.Hic Situs ("Laid Here")

I[edit]

  • I.Immortalis, Imperator, In, Infra, Inter, Invictus, Ipse, Isis, Judex, Julius, Junius, Jupiter, Justus.
  • IA.Jam, Intra.
  • I.C.Julius Caesar, Juris Consultum, Jus civile.
  • ID.Idem, Idus, Interdum.
  • l.D.Inferis diis, Jovi dedicatnm, Jus dicendum, Jussu Dei.
  • I.D.M.Jovi deo magno.
  • I.E.Id est.
  • I.F.In foro, In fronte.
  • I.H.Jacet hic, In honestatem, Justus homo.
  • IM.Imago, Immortalis, Immunis, Impensa.
  • IMP.Imperator, Imperium.
  • I.N.R.I.Iesus Nazarenus Rex Iudaeorum.
  • I.O.M.Jovi optimo maximo.
  • I.P.In publico, Intra provinciam, Justa persona.
  • I.S.V.P.Impensa sua vivus posuit.
  • I.Immortalis, Imperator, In, Infra, Inter, Invictus, Ipse, Isis, Iudex, Iulius, Iunius, Iupiter, Iustus.
  • IA.Iam, Intra.
  • I.C.Iulius Caesar, Iuris Consultum, Ius civile.
  • ICTVSIuris consultus
  • ID.Idem, Idus, Interdum.
  • l.D.Inferis diis, Iovi dedicatnm, Ius dicendum, Iussu Dei.
  • I.D.M.Iovi deo magno.
  • I.F.In foro, In fronte.
  • I.H.Iacet hic, In honestatem, Iustus homo.
  • II VIR I DDuovir/Duumvir iure dicundo.
  • IIIIII VIR AVGSevir/Sexvir Augustalis.
  • ILL.Illustrissimus
  • ILLMAIllustrissima
  • IM.Imago, Immortalis, Immunis, Impensa.
  • IMP.Imperator, Imperium.
  • I.N.R.I.Iesus Nazarenus Rex Iudaeorum.
  • I.O.M.Iovi optimo maximo.
  • I.P.In publico, Intra provinciam, Iusta persona.
  • I.S.V.P.Impensa sua vivus posuit.
  • IVL.Iulius
  • IVN.Iunior
  • ID.Idibus ("On the Ides")
  • IDNE.Indictione ("In the Indiction" — a chronological term)
  • I.L.H.Jus Liberorum Habens ("Possessing the Right of Children" — i.e., eligibility to public office under age)
  • INB.In Bono ("In Good [odour]")
  • IND.Same as IDNE
  • INPIn Pace ("In Peace")
  • I.X.In Christo ("In Christ")
  • ICJesus (first and third letters of His name in Greek)
  • Id.Idus ("Ides")
  • Igr.Igitur ("Therefore")
  • Ind.Indictio ("Indiction")
  • Ind.Index
  • Inq.Inquisitio ("Inquisition")
  • i.p.i.in partibus infidelium ("among the infidels")
  • Is.Idus ("Ides")
  • Igr.Igitur ("Therefore")
  • Infraptum.Infrascriptum ("Written below")
  • Intropta.Introscripta ("Written within")
  • Irregulte.Irregularitate ("Irregularity" — abl. case)

J[edit]

  • J.C.Jesus Christus ("Jesus Christ")
  • J.C.D.Juris Canonici Doctor, Juris Civilis Doctor ("Doctor of Canon Law", "Doctor of Civil Law")
  • J.D.Juris Doctor ("Doctor of Law")
  • J.M.J.Jesus, Maria, Joseph ("Jesus, Mary, Joseph")
  • Jo.Johannes
  • Joann.Joannes ("John")
  • J.U.D.Juris Utriusque Doctor ("Doctor of Both Laws" — Civil and Canon)
  • Jud.Judicium ("Judgment")
  • J.U.L.Juris Utriusque Licentiatus ("Licentiate of Both Laws")
  • Jur.Juris ("Of Law")

K[edit]

  • K.Kaeso, Caia, Calumnia, Caput, Carus, Castra.
  • K., KAL., KL.Kalendae.
  • K.Kaeso, Caia, Calumnia, Caput, Carus, Castra.
  • K., KAL., KL.Kalendae.
  • Kal.Kalendae ("Calends")
  • K.Kalendas ("Calends"); or Care, Carus, Cara ("Dear One"); or Carissimus[a] ("Dearest")
  • K.B.M.Karissimo Bene Merenti ("To the Most Dear and Well-deserving")

L[edit]

  • L.Laelius, Legio, Lex, Libens, Liber, Libra, Locus, Lollius, Lucius, Ludus.
  • LB.Libens, Liberi, Libertus.
  • L.C.D.Legis Civilis Doctor ("Doctor of Civil Law")
  • L.D.D.D.Locus datus decreto decurionum.
  • LEG.Legatus, Legio.
  • LEG AVG PR PRLegatus Augusti pro praetore
  • LEG LEGLegatus legionis
  • LIB.Liber, Liberalitas, Libertas, Libertus, Librarius.
  • LIB BAR(O)Liber baro
  • LL.Leges, Libentissime, Liberti.
  • L.L.V.S.Libens laetus votum solvit.
  • L.M.Libens merito, Locus monumenti.
  • L.S.Laribus sacrum, Libens solvit, Locus sacer, Lectori Salutem.
  • LVD.Ludus.
  • LV.P.F.Ludos publicos fecit.
  • Lia.Licentia ("License")
  • Litma.Legitima ("Lawful")
  • Lre.Litteræ ("Letters")
  • Lte.Licite ("Lawfully", or "licitly")
  • Laic.Laicus ("Layman")
  • Laud.Laudes ("Lauds" — Breviary)
  • l.c.Loco citato
  • loc. cit.Loco citato ("at the place already cited")
  • Lect.Lectio ("Lesson")
  • Legit.Legitime, Legitimus ("Legally", "legitimate")
  • L.H.D.Litterarum Humaniorum Doctor ("Doctor of Literature")
  • Lib.Liber
  • Lo.Liber, Libro ("Book", "In the book")
  • Lic.Licentia, Licentiatus ("License", "Licentiate")
  • Litt.Littera ("Letter")
  • LL.B.Legum Baccalaureus ("Bachelor of Laws")
  • LL.D.Legum Doctor ("Doctor of Laws")
  • LL.M.Legum Magister ("Master of Laws")
  • Loc.Locus ("Place")
  • Lov.Lovanium ("Louvain")
  • Lovan.Lovanienses (Theologians of Louvain)
  • L.S.Loco Sigilli ("Place of the Seal")
  • Lud.Ludovicus

M[edit]

  • M.Magister, Magistratus, Magnus, Manes, Marcus, Marins, Marti, Mater, Memoria, Mensis, Miles, Monumentum, Mortuus, Mucius, Mulier.
  • M'.Manius.
  • M.D.Magno Deo, Manibus diis, Matri deum, Merenti dedit.
  • MES.Mensis.
  • MESS.Menses.
  • M.F.Mala fides, Marci filius, Monumentum fecit.
  • M.I.Matri Idaeae, Matii Isidi, Maximo Jovi.
  • MNT., MON.Moneta.
  • M.P.Male positus, Monumentum posuit.
  • M.S.Manibus sacrum, Memoriae sacrum, Manu scriptum.
  • MVN.Municeps, municipium (also MN., MV. and MVNIC.)
  • M.V.S.Marti ultori sacrum, Merito votum solvit.
  • M.Magister, Magistratus, Magnus, Manes, Marcus, Marins, Marti, Mater, Memoria, Mensis, Miles, Monumentum, Mortuus, Mucius, Mulier.
  • M'.Manius.
  • M.D.Magno Deo, Manibus diis, Matri deum, Merenti dedit.
  • MENMensis
  • MES.Mensis.
  • MESS.Menses.
  • M.F.Mala fides, Marci filius, Monumentum fecit.
  • M.I.Matri Idaeae, Matii Isidi, Maximo Iovi.
  • MILMiles.
  • M LMonumentum legavit.
  • MNT.Moneta.
  • MONMoneta, Monumentum.
  • M.P.Male positus, Monumentum posuit.
  • M.S.Manibus sacrum, Memoriae sacrum, Manu scriptum.
  • MVN.Municeps, municipium (MN., MV. et MVNIC. quoque)
  • M.V.S.Marti ultori sacrum, Merito votum solvit.
  • M.Maria ("Mary")
  • M.A.Magister Artium ("Master of Arts")
  • Mag.Magister ("Master")
  • Mand.Mandamus ("We command")
  • Mand. Ap.Mandatum Apostolicum ("Apostolic Mandate", e.g. for a bishop's consecration)
  • Mart.Martyr
  • M.Martyr
  • MM.Martyr, Martyres ("Martyr", "Martyrs" — Breviary)
  • Mat.Matutinum ("Matins" — Breviary)
  • Matr.Matrimonum ("Marriage")
  • Mgr.Monseigneur, Monsignore ("My Lord")
  • Miss.Missa ("Mass" — Breviary); Missionarius ("Missionary")
  • Miss. Apost.Missionarius Apostolicus
  • M.A.Missionarius Apostolicus ("Missionary Apostolic")
  • M.R.Missionarius Rector ("Missionary Rector")
  • m.t.v.mutatur terminatio versiculi ("the termination of the little verse is changed" — Breviary)
  • Magro.Magistro ("Master" — dat. or abl. case)
  • Mir.Misericorditer ("Mercifully")
  • Miraone.Miseratione ("Pity" — abl. case)
  • Mrimonium.Matrimonium ("Matrimony")
  • M.Martyr, or Memoria ("Memory") or Monumentum ("Monument")
  • MM.Martyres ("Martyrs")
  • M.P.Monumentum Posuit ("Erected a Monument")
  • MRT.Merenti ("To the Deserving")

N[edit]

  • N.Natio, Natus, Nefastus (dies), Nepos, Neptunus, Nero, Nomen, Non, Nonae, Noster, Novus, Numen, Numerius, Numerus, Nummus.
  • NBNota Bene
  • NEP.Nepos, Neptunus.
  • N.F.C.Nostrae fidei commissum.
  • N.L.Non licet, Non liquet, Non longe.
  • N.M.V.Nobilis memoriae vir.
  • NN.Nostri.
  • N.N.Nomen nescio
  • NN., NNO., NNR.Nostrorum.
  • NOB.Nobilis.
  • NOB., NOBR., NOV.Novembris.
  • N.P.Nefastus primo (priore parto diei), Non potest.
  • N.Natio, Natus, Nefastus (dies), Nepos, Neptunus, Nero, Nomen, Non, Nonae, Noster, Novus, Numen, Numerius, Numerus, Nummus.
  • NEP.Nepos, Neptunus.
  • N.F.C.Nostrae fidei commissum.
  • N.L.Non licet, Non liquet, Non longe.
  • N.M.V.Nobilis memoriae vir.
  • NN.Nostri.
  • NN., NNO., NNR.Nostrorum.
  • N.N.nomen nominandum seu nomen nescio
  • NONonis
  • NOB.Nobilis.
  • NOB., NOBR., NOV.Novembris.
  • N.P.Nefastus primo (priore parto diei), Non potest.
  • N.Nonas ("Nones"); or Numero ("Number")
  • NN.Nostris ("To Our" — with a plural) or Numeri ("Numbers")
  • Nultus.Nullatenus ("Nowise")
  • Nativ. D.N.J.C.Nativitas Domini Nostri Jesu Christi ("Nativity of Our Lord Jesus Christ")
  • N. D.Nostra Domina, Notre Dame ("Our Lady")
  • Nigr.Niger ("Black" — Breviary)
  • No.Nobis ("to us", "for us")
  • Nob.Nobilis, Nobiles ("Noble", "Nobles")
  • Noct.Nocturnum ("Nocturn")
  • Non.Nonæ ("Nones")
  • Nostr.Noster, nostri ("Our", "of our")
  • Not.Notitia ("Knowledge")
  • N.S.Notre Seigneur, Nostro Signore ("Our Lord")
  • N.S.New Style
  • N.T.Novum Testamentum ("New Testament")
  • Ntri.Nostri ("Of our")
  • Nup.Nuptiæ ("Nuptials")

O[edit]

  • O.Ob, Officium, Omnis, Oportet, Optimus, Opus, Ossa.
  • OB.Obiit, Obiter, Orbis.
  • OCistOrdo Cisterciensis
  • O.C.S.Ob cives servatos.
  • OFMOrdo Fratrum Minorum
  • O.H.F.Omnibus honoribus functus.
  • O.H.S.S.Ossa hic sita sunt.
  • O P NOra pro nobis.
  • OR.Hora, Ordo, Ornamentum.
  • OSAOrdo Sancti Augustini
  • OSBOrdo Sancti Benedicti
  • OTOrdo Teutonicus
  • O.T.B.Q.Ossa tua bene quiescant.
  • OVFOro vos faciatis
  • Ob.Obiit ("Died"), from Latin: obitus died, obiit he died. Also ob. inf. (died in infancy), ob. inf. Set. (died as minor), ob. inn. (died a spinster), ob. juv. (died in childhood)
  • Oct.Octava ("Octave" — Breviary)
  • Omn.Omnes, Omnibus ("All", "to all")
  • Op. Cit.Opere Citato ("In the work cited")
  • Or.Oratio ("Prayer" — Breviary)
  • Ord.Ordo, Ordinatio, Ordinarius ("Order", "Ordination", "Ordinary")
  • OrOrator
  • Orat.Orator ("Petitioner"), Oratorium ("Oratory")
  • O.S.Old Style
  • O.T.Old Testament
  • Oxon.Oxonium, Oxonienses ("Oxford", "Theologians or Scholars of Oxford")
  • Ordinaoni.Ordinationi ("Ordination" — dat. case)
  • Ordio.Ordinario ("Ordinary" — dat. or abl. case)
  • O.Hora ("Hour"); Obiit ("Died")
  • OB. IN XTO.Obiit In Christo ("Died In Christ")
  • OMS.Omnes ("All")
  • OP.Optimus (Excellent, or Supremely Good)

P[edit]

  • P.Pars, Passus, Pater, Patronus, Pax, Perpetuus, Pes, Pius, Plebs, Pondo, Populus, Post, Posuit, Praeses, Praetor, Primus, Pro, Provincia, Publicus, Publius, Puer.
  • P.C.Pactum conventum, Patres conscripti, Pecunia constituta, Ponendum curavit, Post consulatum, Potestate censoria.
  • P.F.Pia fidelis, Pius felix, Promissa fides, Publii filius.
  • P.M.Piae memoriae, Pius minus, Pontifex maximus. Post meridiem.
  • P.P.Pater patratus, Pater patriae, Pecunia publica, Praepositus, Primipilus, Propraetor.
  • PR.Praeses, Praetor, Pridie, Princeps.
  • P.R.Permissu reipublicae, Populus Romanus.
  • P.R.C.Post Romam conditam.
  • PR.PR.Praefectus praetorii, Propraetor.
  • P.S.Pecunia sua, Plebiscitum, Proprio sumptu, Publicae saluti, Post scriptum.
  • P.V.Pia victrix, praefectus urbi, Praestantissimus vir.
  • P.Pars, Passus, Pater, Patronus, Pax, Perpetuus, Pes, Pius, Plebs, Pondo, Populus, Positum, Post, Posuit, Praeses, Praetor, Primus, Pro, Provincia, Publicus/-e, Publius, Puer.
  • P.C.Pactum conventum, Patres conscripti, Pecunia constituta, Ponendum curavit, Post consulatum, Potestate censoria.
  • P.F.Pia fidelis, Pius felix, Promissa fides, Publii filius.
  • P F INVPius felix invictus.
  • P.M.Piae memoriae, Pius minus, Pontifex maximus.
  • PONT MAXPontifex maximus.
  • POSPosuit
  • P.P.Parentes posuerunt, Parentibus pientissimis, Pater patratus, Pater patriae, Patronus posuit, Pecunia publica, Praepositus, Primipilus/Primus pilus, Pro pietate, Propraetor.
  • PPPosuerunt.
  • PR.Praeses, Praetor, Pridie, Princeps.
  • PRAEFPraefectus
  • PRAETPraetor
  • P.R.Permissu reipublicae, Populus Romanus.
  • P.R.C.Post Romam conditam.
  • PROCProcurator
  • PRO SALPro salute.
  • PR.PR.Praefectus praetorii, Propraetor.
  • P.S.Pecunia sua, Plebiscitum, Proprio sumptu, Publicae saluti, Post scriptum.
  • PSPsalmus.
  • P.V.Pia victrix, praefectus urbi, Praestantissimus vir.
  • P.Pax ("Peace"); or Pius ("Dutiful"); or Ponendum ("To be Placed"); or Pridie ("The Day Before"); or Plus ("More")
  • P.C.Poni Curavit ("Caused to be Placed")
  • P.C.Post Consulatum
  • P. CONS.Post Consulatum ("After the Consulate")
  • P.I.Poni Jussit ("Ordered to be Placed")
  • P.M.Plus Minus ("More or Less"); or Piae Memoriae ("Of Pious Memory"); or Post Mortem ("After Death")
  • PP.Præpositus ("Placed over")
  • PR.K.Pridie Kalendas ("The Day Before the Calends")
  • PRB.Presbyter ("Priest")
  • PR.N.Pridie Nonas ("The Day Before the Nones")
  • P.T.C.S.Pax Tibi Cum Sanctis ("Peace to Thee With the Saints")
  • PZ. Pie Zeses ("May you Live Piously" — Greek)
  • Pbr.Presbyter ("Priest")
  • Penia.Pœnitentia ("Penance", or "repentance")
  • Peniaria.Pœnitentiaria ("Penitentiary"; i.e. Bureau of the Apostolic Penitentiary)
  • Pntium.Præsentium ("Of those present", or, "Of this present writing")
  • Poe.Posse ("To be able", or, "The ability to do a thing")
  • Pontus.Pontificatus ("Pontificate")
  • PP.Papa ("Pope")
  • Pr.Pater ("Father")
  • Pror.Procurator
  • Ptur.Præfertur ("Is preferred", or, "Is brought forward")
  • Ptus.Præfatus ("Aforesaid")
  • P.Pater, Pere ("Father")
  • Pa.Papa ("Pope"); Pater ("Father")
  • Pact.Pactum ("Agreement")
  • Pasch.Pascha ("Easter" — Breviary)
  • Patr.Patriarcha ("Patriarch")
  • Pent.Pentecostes ("Pentecost" — Breviary)
  • Ph.B.Philosophiæ Baccalaureus ("Bachelor of Philosophy")
  • Ph.D.Philosophiæ Doctor ("Doctor of Philosophy")
  • Phil.Philosophia ("Philosophy")
  • Ph.M.Philosophiæ Magister ("Master of Philosophy")
  • P.K.Pridie Kalendas ("The day before the Calends")
  • Poenit.Poenitentia ("Penance")
  • Poenit. Ap.Pœnitentiaria Apostolica ("Office of the Apostolic Penitentiary")
  • Pont.Pontifex ("Pontiff", i.e. Bishop — Breviary)
  • Pont.Pontificatus ("Pontificate")
  • Pont. Max.Pontifex Maximus ("Supreme Pontiff")
  • Poss.Possessor, Possessio ("Possessor", "Possession")
  • PP.Papa ("Pope"); Pontificum ("Of the popes")
  • P.P.Parochus ("Parish Priest" — used mostly in Ireland)
  • PP. AA.Patres Amplissimi ("Cardinals")
  • P.P.P.Propria Pecunia Posuit ("Erected at his own expense")
  • P.R.Permanens Rector ("Permanent Rector")
  • Praef.Præfatio ("Preface" of the Mass — Breviary)
  • Presbit.Presbyter, Priest
  • Prof.Professus, Professio, Professor ("Professed", "Profession", "Professor")
  • Prop. Fid.Propaganda Fide (Congregation of the Propaganda, Rome)
  • Propr.Proprium ("Proper" — Breviary)
  • Prov.Provisio, Provisum ("Provision", "Provided")
  • Ps.Psalmus ("Psalm")
  • Pub.Publicus
  • Publ.Publicus, Publice ("Public", "Publicly")
  • Purg. Can.Purgatio Canonica ("Canonical Disculpation")

Q[edit]

  • Q.Quaestor, Quando, Quantus, Que, Qui, Quinquennalis, Quintus, Quirites.
  • Q.D.R.Qua de re.
  • Q.I.S.S.Quae infra scripta sunt
  • Q.S.S.S.Quae supra scripta sunt
  • QQ.Quaecunque, Quinquennalis, Quoque.
  • Q.R.Quaestor reipublicae.
  • Q.Quaestor, Quando, Quantus, Que, Qui, Quinquennalis, Quintus, Quirites.
  • Q.B.F.F.F.Q.S.Quod bonum, faustum, felix fortunatumque sit. (Quod bonum, felix, faustum fortunatumque sit.)
  • Q.D.R.Qua de re.
  • Q.I.D.Quater in die.
  • Q.I.S.S.Quae infra scripta sunt
  • Q.S.S.S.Quae supra scripta sunt
  • QQ.Quaecunque, Quinquennalis, Quoque.
  • Q.R.Quaestor reipublicae.
  • Quadrag.Quadragesima ("Lent", also the "Fortieth day" before Easter — Breviary)
  • Quinquag.Quinquagesima (The "Fiftieth day" before Easter — Breviary)
  • Qd.Quod ("Because", "That", or, "Which")
  • Qmlbt.Quomodolibet ("In any manner whatsoever")
  • Qtnus.Quatenus ("In so far as")
  • Q.Quiescit
  • Qui.Quiescit ("He Rests")
  • Q.B.AN.Qui Bixit [for Vixit] Annos ("Who lived... years")
  • Q.I.P.Quiescat In Pace ("May he [or she] Rest in Peace")
  • Q.V.Qui Vixit ("Who Lived")

R[edit]

  • R.Recte, Res, Res publica, Retro, Rex, Ripa, Roma, Romanus, Rufus, Rursus.
  • R.C.Romana civitas, Romanus civis.
  • RESP., RP.Res publica.
  • RET.P., RP.Retro pedes.
  • RIPRequiescat in pace.
  • ROM IMPRomanorum imperator.
  • R.R.Relationes relatae
  • R.Recte, Res, Respublica, Retro, Rex, Ripa, Roma, Romanus, Rufus, Rursus.
  • R.C.Romana civitas, Romanus civis.
  • RESP., RP.Res publica.
  • RET.P., RP.Retro pedes.
  • R.Requiescit ("He Rests"); or Refrigerio ("In [a place of] Refreshment")
  • Reg.Regionis ("Of the Region")
  • Relione.Religione ("Religion", or, "Religious Order" — abl. case)
  • Rlari.Regulari ("Regular")
  • Roma.Romana ("Roman")
  • R.Responsorium ("Responsory" — Breviary)
  • R.Roma (Rome)
  • Rescr.Rescriptum ("Rescript")
  • R.D.Rural Dean
  • Req.Requiescat ("May he [or she] rest", i.e. in peace)
  • Resp.Responsum ("Reply")
  • R.I.P.Requiescat In Pace ("May he or she rest in peace")
  • Rit.Ritus ("Rite", "Rites")
  • Rom.Romanus, Romana ("Roman")
  • R. P.Reverendus Pater, Reverend Pere ("Reverend Father")
  • RR.Rerum ("Of Things, Subjects" — e.g. SS. RR. Ital., Writers on Italian [historical] subjects); Regesta
  • Rt. Rev.Right Reverend
  • Rub.Ruber ("Red" — Breviary)
  • Rubr.Rubrica ("Rubric")

S[edit]

  • S.Sacrum, Scriptus, Semis, Senatus, Sepultus, Servius, Servus, Sextus, Sibi, Sine, Situs, Solus, Solvit, Sub, Suus.
  • SAC.Sacerdos, Sacrificium, Sacrum.
  • S.C.Senatus consultum.
  • S.D.Sacrum diis, Salutem dicit, Senatus decreto, Sententiam
  • S.D.M.Sacrum diis Manibus, Sine dolo malo.
  • SER.Servius, Servus.
  • S.E.T.L.Sit ei terra levis.
  • SN.Senatus, Sententia, Sine nomine.[3]
  • S.D.Salutem dicit.[4]
  • S.P.Sacerdos perpetua, Sine pecunia, Sua pecunia.
  • S.P.D.Salutem plurimam dicit.[4]
  • S.P.Q.R.Senatus populusque Romanus.
  • S.S.Sanctissimus senatus, Supra scripture.
  • S.T.T.L.-- Sit tibi terra levis.
  • S.Sacerdos, Sacrum, Sanctus, Scriptus, Semis, Senatus, Sepultus, Servius, Servus, Sestertium, Sextus, Sibi, Sine, Situs, Solus, Solvit, Sub, Suus.
  • SAC.Sacerdos, Sacrificium, Sacrum.
  • S.C.Senatus consultum.
  • sc., scil.scilicet
  • S.D.Sacrum diis, Salutem dicit, Senatus decreto, Sententiam
  • S.D.M.Sacrum diis Manibus, Sine dolo malo.
  • SER.Servius, Servus/-a.
  • S.E.T.L.Sit ei terra levis.
  • SEXSextus.
  • SISocietas Iesu
  • SN.Senatus, Sententia, Sine.
  • S.P.Sacerdos perpetua, Sine pecunia, Spurius, Sua pecunia.
  • S.P.D.Salutem plurimam dicit, ad caput litterarum.
  • S.P.Q.R.Senatus populusque Romanus.
  • S. R. E.Sacra vel Sancta Romana Ecclesia
  • S. R. I. (M. P.)Sacrum Romanum Imperium
  • S.S.Sancti, Sanctissimus, Sanctissimus senatus, Supra scripture.
  • SSSSanctissimus.
  • STSanctus.
  • S.T.B.V.E.B.V.Si Tu Bene Valeas Ego Bene Valeo.
  • STIPStipendorium.
  • STTLSit tibi terra levis.
  • S.V.B.E.E.Q.V.Si vales bene est, ego quidem valeo.
  • S.Sacrum
  • Sacr.Sacrum ("Sacred")
  • Sab.Sabbatum
  • Sabb.Sabbatum ("Sabbath", Saturday)
  • Saec.Saeculum (Century)
  • Sal.Salus, Salutis ("Salvation", "of Salvation")
  • Salmant.Salmanticenses (Theologians of Salamanca)
  • S.C.Sacra Congregatio ("Sacred Congregation")
  • S.C.C.Sacra Congregatio Concilii ("Sacred Congregation of the Council", i.e. of Trent)
  • S.C.EE.RR.Sacra Congregatio Episcoporum et Regularium ("Sacred Congregation of Bishops and Regulars")
  • S.C.I.Sacra Congregatio Indicis ("Sacred Congregation of the Index")
  • S.C.P.F.Sacra Congregatio de Propaganda Fide ("Sacred Congregation for the Propagation of the Faith")
  • SCSSanctus ("Saint")
  • s.d.sine data (undated book)
  • S.D.Servus Dei (Servant of God)
  • Semid.Semiduplex ("Semi" double feast — Breviary)
  • SeptuagSeptuagesima ("Seventieth day" before Easter; always a Sunday — Breviary)
  • Sexag.Sexagesima ("Sixtieth day" before Easter — Breviary)
  • Sig.Sigillum ("Seal")
  • Simpl.Simplex ("Simple" feast — Breviary)
  • Sine Com.Sine Commemoratione ("Without commemoration" of other feast, or feasts — Breviary)
  • s.l.sine loco ("without indication" of place of printing)
  • s.l.n.d.sine loco nec data ("without indication of place" or "without date of printing")
  • S.M.Sanctæ Memoriæ ("Of Holy Memory")
  • Soc.Socius, Socii ("Companion", "Companions" — Breviary)
  • S. Off.Sanctum Officium (Congregation of the Holy Office, Inquisition)
  • S.P.Sanctissime Pater ("Most Holy Father")
  • S.P.Sanctus Petrus
  • S. Petr.Sanctus Petrus ("St. Peter")
  • S.P.Summus Pontifex ("Supreme Pontiff", Pope)
  • S.P.A.Sacrum Palatium Apostolicum ("Sacred Apostolic Palace", Vatican, Quirinal)
  • Sr.Soror (Sister)
  • S.R.C.Sacra Rituum Congregatio ("Sacred Congregation of Rites")
  • S.R.E.Sancta Romana Ecclesia, Sanctæ Romanæ Ecclesia ("Most Holy Roman Church"; or, "of the Most Holy Roman Church")
  • SS.Scriptores ("Writers")
  • SS.D.N.Sanctissimus Dominus Noster ("Our Most Holy Lord [Jesus Christ]", also a title of the Pope)
  • S., SS.Sanctus, Sancti ("Saint", "Saints")
  • S.T.B.Sacræ Theologiæ Baccalaureus ("Bachelor of Sacred Theology")
  • S.T.D.Sacræ Theologiæ Doctor ("Doctor of Sacred Theology")
  • S.T.L.Sacræ Theologiæ Licentiatus ("Licentiate of Sacred Theology")
  • Suffr.Suffragia ("Suffrages" — i.e. prayers of the saints; Breviary)
  • S.V.Sanctitas Vestra ("Your Holiness")
  • Syn.Synodus ("Synod")
  • Salri.Salutari ("Salutary")
  • Snia.Sententia ("Opinion")
  • Sntae.Sanctæ
  • Stae.Sanctæ ("Holy", or, "Saints" — feminine)
  • Spealer.Specialiter ("Specially")
  • SpualibusSpiritualibus ("In spiritual matters")
  • Supplioni.Supplicationibus ("Supplication" — dat. or abl. case)
  • S.Suus ("His"); or Situs ("Placed"); or Sepulchrum ("Sepulchre")
  • SC. M.Sanctæ Memoriæ ("Of Holy Memory")
  • SD.Sedit ("He sat")
  • SSA.Subscripta ("Subscribed")
  • S.I.D.Spiritus In Deo ("Spirit [rests] in God")
  • S.P.Sepultus ("Buried"); or Sepulchrum ("Sepulchre")
  • SS.Sanctorum (Of the Saints)
  • S.V.Sacra Virgo ("Holy Virgin")

T[edit]

  • T.Terminus, Testamentum, Titus, Tribunus, Tu, Turma, Tutor.
  • TB., TI., TIB.Tiberius.
  • TB., TR., TRB.Tribunus.
  • T.F.Testamentum fecit, Titi filius, Titulum fecit, Titus Flavius.
  • TM.Terminus, Testamentum, Thermae.
  • T.P.Terminum posuit, Tribunicia potestate, Tribunus plebis.
  • TVL.Tullius, Tunus.
  • T.Terminus, Testamentum, Titus, Tribunus, Tu, Turma, Tutor.
  • TB., TI., TIB.Tiberius.
  • TB., TR., TRB.Tribunus.
  • T.F.Testamentum fecit, Titi filius, Titulum fecit, Titus Flavius.
  • TFITestamentum fieri iussit.
  • TI(B)Tiberius
  • TM.Terminus, Testamentum, Thermae.
  • TR PLTribunus plebis
  • TR.POTTribunicia potestate, Tribunus plebis.
  • T.R.E.Tempore Regis Eduardi
  • TRIB.POTTribunicia potestate, Tribunus plebis.
  • TVL.Tullius, Tunus.
  • T.Titulus
  • TT.Titulus, Tituli ("Title", "Titles")
  • TM.Testamentum ("Testament")
  • ThiaTheologia
  • Theolia.Theologia ("Theology")
  • Tli.Tituli ("Titles")
  • Tm.Tantum ("So much", or, "Only")
  • Tn.Tamen ("Nevertheless")
  • Temp.Tempus, Tempore ("Time", "in time")
  • Test.Testes, Testimonium ("Witnesses", "Testimony")
  • Theol.Theologia ("Theology")
  • Tit.Titulus, Tituli ("Title", "Titles")

U[edit]

  • Ult.Ultimo ("Last" — day, month, year)
  • Usq.Usque ("As far as")
  • Ux.Uxor ("Wife")

V[edit]

  • V.Urbs, Usus, Uxor, Vale, Venerabilis, Verba, Vestalis, Vester, Victrix, Vir, Virgo, Vivus, Volo, Votum.
  • V.Vixit ("He Lived"); or Vixisti ("Thou didst Live")
  • V.A.Veterano assignatus, Vixit annos.
  • V.B.Vir Bonus ("A Good Man")
  • V.C.Vale coniunx, Vir clarissimus, Vir consularis.
  • V.E.Verum etiam, Vir egregius (=equestrian), Visum est.
  • V.F.Usus fructus, Verba fecit, Vicarius Foraneus, Vivus fecit.
  • V.G.Vicarius Generalis ("Vicar-General")
  • v. g., v. gr.Verbi gratia
  • V.H.Vir Honestus ("A Worthy Man")
  • V.M.Vir Magnificus ("Great Man")
  • V.P.Urbis praefectus, Vir perfectissimus, Vivus posuit.
  • V.R.Urbs Roma, Uti rogas, Votum reddidit.
  • V.S.Votum solvit, Vir spectabilis.
  • V.S.L.M.Votum Solvit Libens Merito. (willingly and deservedly fulfilled his vow)
  • V.S.L.L.M.Votum solvit libens laetus merito.
  • V.T.Vetus Testamentum
  • V.X.Vivas, Care [or Cara] ("Mayest thou Live, Dear One"); or Uxor Carissima ("Most Dear Wife")
  • Vac.Vacat, Vacans ("Vacant")
  • Val.Valor ("Value")
  • Vat.Vaticanus ("Vatican")
  • Vba.Verba ("Words")
  • Ven.Venerabilis
  • VenebliVenerabili ("Venerable")
  • Vers.Versiculus ("Versicle" — Breviary)
  • Vesp.Vesperæ ("Vespers" — Breviary)
  • Vest.Vester ("Your")
  • Vic. For.Vicarius Foraneus ("Vicar-Forane")
  • Vid.Vidua ("Widow" — Breviary)
  • Vid., Videl.Videlicet (Namely)
  • Vig.Vigilia ("Vigil" of a feast — Breviary)
  • Viol.Violaceus ("Violet" — Breviary)
  • Virg.Virgo ("Virgin" — Breviary)
  • Virid.Viridis ("Green" — Breviary)
  • VIXVixit
  • VLPUlpius
  • Vrae.Vestræ ("Your")
  • VV. CC.Viri Clarissimi ("Most Illustrious Men")
  • VV.Venerabilis, Venerabiles ("Venerable")

X[edit]

  • XV V.Quindecimvir.
  • X.Christus
  • XPC.Christus
  • XS.Christus ("Christ")
  • XC.Christus
  • XCS.Christus ("Christ" — first, middle, and last letters of the Greek name)

Z[edit]

  • ZC, ZEEt cetera

Numbers[edit]

  • Iunus
  • Vquinque
  • Xdecem
  • Lquinquaginta
  • Ccentum
  • Dquingenti
  • Mmille

Religious Orders and Congregations[edit]

  • A.A.Augustiniani Assumptionis (Assumptionists)
  • A.B.A.Antoniani Benedictini Armeni (Mechitarists)
  • C.J.M.Congregatio Jesu et Mariæ (Eudist Fathers)
  • C.M.Congregatio Missionis (Lazarists)
  • C.M.Congregatio Mariæ (Fathers of the Company of Mary)
  • C.O..Congregatio Oratorii
  • C.P.Congregatio Passionis (Passionists)
  • C.PP.S.Congregatio Pretiosissimi Sanguinis (Fathers of the Most Precious Blood)
  • C.R.Congregatio Resurrectionis (Resurrectionist Fathers)
  • C.R.C.S.Clerici Regulares Congregationis Somaschæ (Somaschi Fathers)
  • C.R.I.C.Canonici Regulares Immaculate Conecptionis ("Canons Regular of the Immaculate Conception")
  • C.R.L.Canonici Regulares Lateranenses ("Canons Regular of the Lateran")
  • C.R.M.Clerici Regulares Minores ("Clerks Regular Minor", Mariani)
  • C.R.M.D.Clerici Regulares Matris Dei ("Clerks Regular of the Mother of God")
  • C.R.M.I.Clerici Regulares Ministrantes Infirmis ("Clerks Regular Attendant on the Sick", Camillini, Camilliani)
  • C.R.P.Congregatio Reformatorum Præmonstratensium (Premonstratensians)
  • C.R.S.P.Clerici Regulares Sancti Pauli (Barnabites)
  • C.R.S.P.Clerici Regulares Pauperum Matris Dei Scholarum Piarum ("Clerks Regular of the Poor Men of the Mother of God for Pious Schools", Piarists)
  • C.R.T.Clerici Regulares Theatini (Theatines)
  • C.S.B.Congregatio Sancti Basilii (Basilians)
  • C.S.C.Congregatio Sanctæ Crucis (Fathers and Brothers of the Holy Cross)
  • C.S.P.Congregatio Sancti Pauli (Paulists)
  • C.S.Sp.Congregatio Sancti Spiritus (Fathers of the Holy Ghost)
  • C.S.V.Clerici Sancti Viatoris (Clerks, or Clerics, of St. Viateur)
  • C.SS.CC.Congregatio Sacratissimorum Cordium (Missionaries of the Sacred Hearts of Jesus and Mary)
  • C. SS. R.Congregatio Sanctissimi Redemptoris (Redemptorists)
  • F.S.S.P.Fraternitas Sacerdotalis Sancti Petri
  • F.S.S.P.XFraternitas Sacerdotalis Sancti Pii X
  • Inst. Char.Institutum Charitatis (Rosminians)
  • I.C.R.S.S.Instituttum Christi Regis Summi Sacerdotis
  • I.C.R.S.P.Institutum Christi Regis Summi Sacerdotis
  • M.C.Missionaries of Charity
  • M.S.Missionaries of La Salette [France]
  • M.S.C.Missionarii Sancti Caroli ("Missionaries of St. Charles")
  • M.S.C.Missionarii Sacratissimi Cordis ("Missionaries of the Most Sacred Heart")
  • O.C.Ordo Charitatis (Fathers of the Order of Charity)
  • O. Camald.Ordo Camaldulensium (Camaldolese)
  • O. Cart.Ordo Cartusiensis (Carthusians)
  • O. Cist.Ordo Cisterciensium (Cistercians)
  • O.C.C.Ordo Carmelitarum Calceatorum (Carmelites)
  • O.C.D.Ordo Carmelitarum Discalceatorum (Discalced, or Barefoot, Carmelites)
  • O.C.R.Ordo Reformatorum Cisterciensium (Cistercians, Trappists)
  • O.F.M.Ordo Fratrum Minorum (Observant Franciscans)
  • O.M.Ordo [Fratrum] Minimorum (Minims of St. Francis of Paul)
  • O. Merced.Ordo Beatæ Mariæ Virginis de Redemptione Captivorum (Mercedarians, Nolaschi)
  • O.M.C.Ordo Minorum Conventualium (Conventual Franciscans)
  • O.M. Cap.Ordo Minorum Cappucinorum
  • O.F.M. Cap.Ordo Minorum Cappucinorum
  • O.M.C.Ordo Minorum Cappucinorum (Capuchins)
  • O.M.I.Oblati Mariæ Immaculatæ (Oblate Fathers of Mary Immaculate)
  • O.P.Ordo Prædicatorum
  • Ord Fratr. Praed.Ordo Prædicatorum (Dominicans)
  • Ord. Praem.Ordo Præmonstratensium (Premonstratensians, Norbertines)
  • O.S.A.Ordo [Eremitarum] Sancti Augustini (Augustinians)
  • O.S.B.Ordo Sancti Benedicti (Benedictines)
  • O.S.C.Oblati Sancti Caroli (Oblate Fathers of St. Charles)
  • O.S.F.C.Ordinis Sancti Francisci Capuccini (Franciscan Capuchins)
  • O.S.F.S.Oblati Sancti Francisci Salesii (Oblate Fathers of St. Francis of Sales)
  • O.S.H.Ordo [Eremitarum] Sancti Hieronymi (Hieronymites)
  • O.S.M.Ordo Servorum Mariæ (Servites)
  • O.SS.C.Oblati Sacratissimi Cordis ("Oblate Fathers of the Sacred Heart")
  • O. Trinit.Ordo Sanctissimæ Trinitatis (Trinitarians)
  • P.O.Presbyteri Oratorii (Oratorians)
  • P.S.M.Pia Societas Missionum (Fathers of the Pious Society of Missions, Pallottini)
  • P.S.S.Presbyteri Sancti Sulpicii (Sulpicians)
  • R.O.S.M.A.Realis Ordo Sancti Michaëli ab Ansa
  • S.C.Salesianorum Congregatio (Congregation of St. Francis of Sales — Salesian Fathers)
  • S.D.S.Societas Divini Salvatoris ("Society of the Divine Saviour")
  • S.D.V.Societas Divini Verbi (Fathers of the Divine Word)
  • S.J.Societas Jesu ("Society of Jesus", i.e. the Jesuits)
  • S.M.Societas Mariæ (Marists)
  • S.M.O.M.Supremus ac Militaris Ordo Melitensis
  • SMOCSGSacer ac Militaris Ordo Constantinianus Sancti Georgii
  • S.P.M.Societas Patrum Misericordiae (Fathers of Mercy)
  • S.S.S.Societas Sanctissimi Sacramenti (Fathers of the Blessed Sacrament)

References[edit]

Citations[edit]

  1. ^ EB (1878).
  2. ^ EB (1911).
  3. ^ a b c d e f g "Latin acronyms and abbreviations". Retrieved 2007-07-23.
  4. ^ a b "Classical Salutations and Closings". Archived from the original on 2010-06-08. Retrieved 2010-05-24.

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]