"Classical music" and "art music" are terms that have been used to refer to music of different cultural origins and traditions. Such traditions often date to a period regarded as the "golden age" of music for a particular culture.
The following tables list music styles from throughout the world and the period in history when that tradition was developed:
The classical tradition of Afghanistan, ultimately a descendant of Hindustani classical music. Developed in the 19th century by Indian musicians in Afghan courts. Along with Hindustani music theory and instruments, Afghan classical music also uses local Pashtun elements, especially in its performance practices.
The classical tradition of Burma seems to have begun around the late Toungoo period, with an expansion of Western-influenced repertoire during the colonial period. Organized into various forms based on tuning systems, melodic structure, rhythmic patterns and performance conventions, commonly played genres include the kyo, bwe, and thachingan.
^ abSubramaniam, L. (1999). "The reinvention of a tradition: Nationalism, Carnatic music and the Madras Music Academy, 1900–1947". Indian Economic & Social History Review. 36 (2): 131–163. doi:10.1177/001946469903600201. S2CID144368744.
^Dace, Wallace (1963). "The Concept of "Rasa" in Sanskrit Dramatic Theory". Educational Theatre Journal. 15 (3): 249–254. doi:10.2307/3204783. JSTOR3204783.
^ abFeldman, Walter (2015). "The Musical 'Renaissance' of Late Seventeenth Century Ottoman Turkey: Reflections on the Musical Materials of Ali Ufkî Bey (ca. 1610–1675), Hâfiz Post (d. 1694) and the 'Marâghî' Repertoire". In Greve, Martin (ed.). Writing the History of "Ottoman Music". Ergon. pp. 87–138. doi:10.5771/9783956507038-87. ISBN978-3-95650-703-8.
^María Rosa Menocal; Raymond P. Scheindlin; Michael Sells, eds. (2000). The Literature of Al-Andalus. The Cambridge History of Arabic Literature 5, series edited by Alfred Felix and Landon Beeston. Cambridge University Press. pp. 72–73. ISBN978-0-521-47159-6.