List of coal fired power stations in Australia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Liddell Power Station was commissioned between 1971 and 1973

These fossil fuel power stations burn coal to power steam turbines that generate some or all of the electricity they produce. Australia's fleet of coal fired power stations are aging and due for replacement. In early 2017, 75% of coal fired power stations in the country were operating beyond their original design life.[1]

The declining cost of renewable energy sources such as solar power, wind power and battery storage means it is unlikely a new coal fired power station will ever be built in Australia.[2] The Liddell Power Station is expected to be decommissioned and replaced by battery storage in 2022.[3]

New South Wales[edit]

Power station Commission Year Max. Capacity (MW) Turbines Coal Type Conveyance Mine type Cooling Water Status
Bayswater 1982[4] 2,640 4 bituminous conveyors, rail open cut fresh Active
Eraring 1982[4] 2,880 4 bituminous rail, truck underground salt Active
Liddell 1971[4] 2,000 4 bituminous conveyors, rail open cut fresh Active
Mt Piper 1993[4] 1,400* 2 bituminous road, conveyor underground fresh Active
Vales Point B 1978[4] 1,320 2 bituminous conveyors underground salt Active

Total (MW): 10,240

  • In 2007 Delta Electricity re-rated the 2 units at Mt Piper at 700MW capacity. Further upgrades to capacity will occur in 2008/9[citation needed]
  • Liddell scheduled for closure in 2022.[4][5]
  • Vales Point B scheduled for closure in 2028.[5]
  • Eraring scheduled for closure in 2034.[5]
  • Bayswater scheduled for closure in 2035.[4][5]
  • Mount Piper scheduled for closure in 2043.[5]

Queensland[edit]

Power station Commission Year Max. Capacity (MW) Turbines Coal Type Conveyance Mine type Cooling Water Status Refs
Callide B 1989[4] 700 2 bituminous conveyor open cut fresh Active [6][7]
Callide C 2001[4] 810 2 bituminous conveyor open cut fresh Active [6][7]
Gladstone 1976[4] 1,680 6 bituminous rail open cut seawater Active [6]
Kogan Creek 2007[4] 750 1 bituminous conveyor open cut dry cooled Active [6]
Millmerran 2002[4] 852 2 bituminous conveyor open cut dry cooled Active [6]
Stanwell 1993[4] 1,445 4 bituminous rail open cut fresh Active [6]
Tarong 1984[4] 1,400 4 bituminous conveyor open cut fresh Active [6][8]
Tarong North 2002[4] 443 1 bituminous conveyor open cut fresh Active [6]

Total (MW): 8,390

  • Gladstone scheduled for closure in 2032.[5]
  • Tarong scheduled for closure in 2036.[5]
  • Callide B scheduled for closure in 2039.[5]
  • Stanwell scheduled for closure in 2046.[5]

Victoria[edit]

Power station Commission Year Max. capacity (MW) Turbines Coal type Conveyance Mine type Cooling water Status
Loy Yang A 1984[4] 2200 4 lignite conveyors open cut fresh cooling tower Active
Loy Yang B 1993[4] 1050 2 lignite conveyors open cut fresh cooling tower Active
Yallourn Power Station 1975[4] 1480 4 lignite conveyors open cut fresh cooling tower Active

Total (MW): 4,730

  • Yallourn scheduled for closure in 2032.[5]
  • Loy Yang B scheduled for closure in 2046.[5]
  • Loy Yang A scheduled for closure in 2048.[4][5]

Western Australia[edit]

Power station Commission Year Max. Capacity (MW) Turbines Coal Type Conveyance Mine type Cooling Water Status
Collie 1999[4] 340 1 bituminous conveyor open cut fresh Active
Muja 1981[4] 854 4 bituminous conveyor open cut fresh Active (units A&B Mothballed)
Bluewaters 2009[4] 416 2 bituminous conveyor open cut fresh Active

Total (MW): 1,610

  • Muja A and B comprise of units 1-4. They are scheduled for closure in 2022.[9]
  • Muja C and D comprise of units 5-8. Units 5 and 6 are scheduled for closure in 2030, and units 7 and 8 are scheduled for closure in 2040.[9]
  • Collie is scheduled for closure in 2040.[9]

Other States[edit]

Tasmania has no functioning coal fired power stations, instead using primarily hydroelectricity, with natural gas used as a backup.

The Northern Territory relies predominantly on natural gas, as well as various renewable energy sources. Likewise, it has no functioning coal fired power stations.

The Australian Capital Territory unlike the Northern Territory, is defined as part of NSW in the National Electricity Market, so it is counted in NSW overall electricity contribution despite their government investment in renewable energy.

South Australia previously had a number of coal power stations. The last to be closed were the Northern and Playford B power stations.[10]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Daryl Passmore (26 March 2017). "Australia's coal-fired power stations too old and among worst in the OECD". The Courier Mail. News Corp. Retrieved 28 September 2017.
  2. ^ "No new coal-fired power plants will be built in Australia, says CS Energy". 7:30 Report. Australian Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved 28 September 2017.
  3. ^ Giles Parkinson (27 September 2017). "AGL plans its own "big battery" and renewables to replace Liddell". RenewEconomy. Retrieved 28 September 2017.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v "Electricity Markets and the role of coal fired power stations" (PDF). Retrieved 24 September 2018.
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l "Transmission Annual Planning Report" (PDF). Retrieved 22 September 2018.
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h "Coal-Fired Plants in Australia - QLD & SA". Gallery. Power Plants Around The World. 3 January 2014. Archived from the original on 19 July 2009. Retrieved 27 April 2014.
  7. ^ a b "Callide Power Station". Retrieved 2 October 2018.
  8. ^ "Tarong Coal Power Plant". Global Energy Observatory. Retrieved 27 April 2014.
  9. ^ a b c "Electricity Generation and Retail Corporation trading as Synergy" (PDF). p. 15. Retrieved 22 September 2018.
  10. ^ "South Australia's Last Coal-Fired Power Station Demolished". The Urban Developer. 27 April 2018. Retrieved 29 April 2018.