List of cobblestone buildings

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This is a list of cobblestone buildings, mostly houses, that are notable and that reflect cobblestone architecture. Cobblestone architecture had some popularity for substantial homes and other buildings for a period, but is limited in scope of employment.

In Europe, cobblestone architecture includes the use of flint cobbles. St. Alban's Church, Copenhagen, in Denmark, was designed as a traditional English church by architect Arthur Blomfield. Gothic Revival in style, it is built in limestone from the Faxe south of Copenhagen, knapped flint from Stevns, Åland stone for the spire, and roof tiles from Broseley in Shropshire. The conspicuous use of flint as a building material, unusual in Denmark, is another typical trait from England where it is commonly seen in church buildings in the south of the country, particularly East Anglia.[1]

In the United States, cobblestone architecture appears most significantly in New York State, and within the state generally along the Erie Canal, following from the economic prosperity brought by the canal.[2] There are numerous examples in other states as well. A number of cobblestone houses and other buildings are listed on the U.S. National Register of Historic Places.[3]

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List[edit]

Notable cobblestone buildings include:

in the United States[edit]

(by state then city)

Illinois[edit]

The area around the Illinois-Wisconsin border once had the largest population of cobblestone houses outside of New York City. However, very few remain—the Illinois Historic Sites Survey in 1978 identified only two remaining. Cobblestone houses were popular among individuals who worked on the Erie Canal, and the style came to the border region from New York migrants.

Building Image Dates Location City, State Description
Gifford-Davidson House Gifford Elgin.JPG 1850 built
1980 NRHP-listed
363-365 Prairie St.
42°2′3″N 88°16′39″W / 42.03417°N 88.27750°W / 42.03417; -88.27750 (Gifford-Davidson House)
Elgin, Illinois Built by James Talcott Gifford, a native of central New York who became wealthy in Wisconsin, then returned in 1849 to Elgin, which he had helped found, and completed this in 1850. Cobblestone first floor; frame above. House was expanded in 1871.[4]
Herrick Cobblestone Rockford Il Herrick Cobblestone1.jpg 1847 built
1989 NRHP-listed
2127 Broadway
42°15′8″N 89°3′44″W / 42.25222°N 89.06222°W / 42.25222; -89.06222 (Herrick Cobblestone)
Rockford, Illinois Greek Revival in style. Built by Elijah L. Herrick, who may have been a cobblestone mason. The stones are from the nearby Rock River. Herrick came from Massachusetts to Rockford in the mid-1830s, though he probably stopped in New York on the way and came to learn of the style.[5] One of the oldest houses in Rockford.

Montana[edit]

Building Image Dates Location City, State Description
Sandstone and Cobblestone Schools Cobblestone School Absarokee Montana.jpeg 1910-21 built
1987 NRHP-listed
Main St.
45°30′37″N 109°26′45″W / 45.51028°N 109.44583°W / 45.51028; -109.44583 (Sandstone and Cobblestone Schools)
Absarokee, Montana

New Mexico[edit]

Building Image Dates Location City, State Description
Moore-Ward Cobblestone House Artesia New Mexico Historical Museum.jpg 1905 built
1985 NRHP-listed
Artesia, New Mexico

New York[edit]

Building Image Dates Location City, State Description
Adsit Cobblestone Farmhouse Adsit Cobblestone Farmhouse 1.jpg 1832 built
NRHP-listed
3871 Clover St.
43°0′51″N 77°35′5″W / 43.01417°N 77.58472°W / 43.01417; -77.58472 (Adsit Cobblestone Farmhouse)
Mendon, New York Federal
Angus Cobblestone Farmhouse and Barn Complex 1831 built 1992 NRHP-listed 612 NY 14
42°44′3″N 76°58′29″W / 42.73417°N 76.97472°W / 42.73417; -76.97472 (Angus Cobblestone Farmhouse and Barn Complex)
Benton, New York Greek Revival
J. and E. Baker Cobblestone Farmstead 1850 built
1995 NRHP-listed
815 Canandaigua Rd.
43°2′4″N 77°18′50″W / 43.03444°N 77.31389°W / 43.03444; -77.31389 (J. and E. Baker Cobblestone Farmstead)
Macedon, New York Gothic Revival
Barden Cobblestone Farmhouse 1843 built
1992 NRHP-listed

42°45′16″N 77°4′26″W / 42.75444°N 77.07389°W / 42.75444; -77.07389 (Barden Cobblestone Farmhouse)
Benton, New York Greek Revival
Levi Barden Cobblestone Farmhouse Levi Barden Cobblestone3.JPG 1836 built
2003 NRHP-listed
5300 Wabash Rd.
42°46′16″N 77°2′18″W / 42.77111°N 77.03833°W / 42.77111; -77.03833 (Levi Barden Cobblestone Farmhouse)
Seneca, New York Greek Revival
Barnard Cobblestone House Barnard Cobblestone House Lima NY.JPG built
1989 NRHP-listed
7192 W. Main St.
42°54′12″N 77°37′3″W / 42.90333°N 77.61750°W / 42.90333; -77.61750 (Barnard Cobblestone House)
Lima, New York Greek Revival, Federal
First Baptist Church of Phelps 1845 built 1992 NRHP-listed 40 Church St., Phelps, New York
42°57′18″N 77°3′31″W / 42.95500°N 77.05861°W / 42.95500; -77.05861 (First Baptist Church of Phelps)
Phelps, New York Greek Revival
School No. 6 School No. 6 Jenks Road Lima NY.JPG built
NRHP-listed
6679 Jenks Rd. Lima, New York
Bates Cobblestone Farmhouse 1836 built
1992 NRHP-listed
5521 NY 364
42°45′34″N 77°16′25″W / 42.75944°N 77.27361°W / 42.75944; -77.27361 (Bates Cobblestone Farmhouse)
Middlesex, New York Mid 19th Century Revival
Jackson Blood Cobblestone House Jackson Blood Cobblestone House, Lyndonville, NY.jpg 1846 built
2005 NRHP-listed

43°19′0″N 78°23′20″W / 43.31667°N 78.38889°W / 43.31667; -78.38889 (Jackson Blood Cobblestone House)
Lyndonville, New York Greek Revival
Butterfield Cobblestone House Butterfield Cobblestone House, Clarendon, NY.jpg 1849 built
2010 NRHP-listed

43°11′9″N 78°1′2″W / 43.18583°N 78.01722°W / 43.18583; -78.01722 (Butterfield Cobblestone House)
Holley, New York Greek Revival
Chase Cobblestone Farmhouse built
NRHP-listed
Hilton, New York
Cobblestone Farmhouse at 1027 Stone Church Rd. built
NRHP-listed
Junius, New York
Cobblestone Farmhouse at 1111 Stone Church Road 1830 built
2007 NRHP-listed
1111 Stone Church Rd. Junius, New York Federal
Cobblestone Farmhouse at 1229 Birdsey Road Birdsey.jpg 1840 built
2008 NRHP-listed
1229 Birdsey Road
42°58′1.34″N 76°51′51.02″W / 42.9670389°N 76.8641722°W / 42.9670389; -76.8641722 (Cobblestone Farmhouse at 1111 Stone Church Road)--->
Junius, New York
Cobblestone Historic District Cobblestone Church, Childs, NY.jpg 1834-1839 built
1993 NRHP-listed

43°17′13″N 78°11′27″W / 43.28694°N 78.19083°W / 43.28694; -78.19083 (Cobblestone Historic District)
Childs, New York
Cobblestone House (Bath, New York) Cobblestone House Bath NY Oct 09.JPG 1851 built
1983 NRHP-listed
120 W. Washington St.
42°20′15″N 77°19′28″W / 42.33750°N 77.32444°W / 42.33750; -77.32444 (Cobblestone House (Bath, New York))
Bath, New York Greek Revival
Cobblestone House (Cazenovia, New York) 1840 built
1987 NRHP-listed

42°56′35″N 75°52′59″W / 42.94306°N 75.88306°W / 42.94306; -75.88306 (Cobblestone House (Cazenovia, New York))
Cazenovia, New York Greek Revival
Cobblestone Inn Cobblestone Inn, Oak-Orchard-on-the-Ridge, NY.jpg built
2007 NRHP-listed

43°16′28″N 78°19′59″W / 43.27444°N 78.33306°W / 43.27444; -78.33306 (Cobblestone Inn)
Oak Orchard, New York Greek Revival
Cobblestone Manor Canandaigua 037 Cobblestone Manor.jpg 1835 built
1984 NRHP-listed
495 N. Main St.
42°54′8″N 77°17′30″W / 42.90222°N 77.29167°W / 42.90222; -77.29167 (Cobblestone Manor)
Canandaigua, New York Greek Revival
Cobblestone Path built
NRHP-listed
Bardstown, Kentucky
Cobblestone Railroad Pumphouse built
NRHP-listed
Victor, New York
Cole Cobblestone Farmhouse built
NRHP-listed
Mendon, New York
Coolidge Stores Building Coolidge Stores Building Nov 09.jpg 1851 built
2001 NRHP-listed
US 20
42°53′21″N 75°33′7″W / 42.88917°N 75.55194°W / 42.88917; -75.55194 (Coolidge Stores Building)
Bouckville, New York Greek Revival
Coverdale Cobblestone House built
NRHP-listed
Leicester, New York
William Covert Cobblestone Farmhouse built
NRHP-listed
Greece, New York
Isaac Cox Cobblestone Farmstead built
NRHP-listed
Scottsville, New York
Jephtha Earl Cobblestone Farmhouse built
NRHP-listed
Benton, New York
Felt Cobblestone General Store built
NRHP-listed
Victor, New York
Ganoung Cobblestone Farmhouse Ganoung Cobblestone House Lima NY.JPG built
NRHP-listed
Lima, New York
Gates-Livermore Cobblestone Farmhouse Gates-Livermore Cobblestone Farmhouse 3.jpg 1833 built
1996 NRHP-listed
4389 Clover St.
42°59′29″N 77°34′51″W / 42.99139°N 77.58083°W / 42.99139; -77.58083 (Gates-Livermore Cobblestone Farmhouse)
Mendon, New York Federal
John Graves Cobblestone Farmhouse built
NRHP-listed
Junius, New York
Harmon Cobblestone Farmhouse and Cobblestone Smokehouse built
NRHP-listed
Phelps, New York
Howland Cobblestone Store built
NRHP-listed
Scipio, New York
William Huffman Cobblestone House built
NRHP-listed
Phelps, New York
Hiram Lay Cobblestone Farmhouse built
NRHP-listed
Tyre, New York
Markham Cobblestone Farmhouse and Barn Complex built
NRHP-listed
Lima, New York
Mendon Cobblestone Academy built
NRHP-listed
Mendon, New York
Morgan Cobblestone Farmhouse Morgan Cobblestone Farmhouse Lima NY.JPG built
NRHP-listed
Lima, New York
Philo Newton Cobblestone House built
NRHP-listed
Hartland, New York
William Nichols Cobblestone Farmhouse built
NRHP-listed
Benton, New York
Payne Cobblestone House built
NRHP-listed
Conesus, New York
Preston-Gaylord Cobblestone Farmhouse built
NRHP-listed
Sodus, New York
Rippey Cobblestone Farmhouse built
NRHP-listed
Seneca, New York
Simon Ritter Cobblestone Farmhouse built
NRHP-listed
Varick, New York
Roe Cobblestone Schoolhouse built
NRHP-listed
Butler, New York
Sheldon Cobblestone House built
NRHP-listed
Mendon, New York
John Shelp Cobblestone House built
NRHP-listed
Middleport, New York
Sliker Cobblestone House built
NRHP-listed
Conesus, New York
Dr. Henry Spence Cobblestone Farmhouse and Barn Complex built
NRHP-listed
Starkey, New York
Stewart Cobblestone Farmhouse built
NRHP-listed
Mendon, New York
Daniel Supplee Cobblestone Farmhouse built
NRHP-listed
Starkey, New York
Tinker Cobblestone Farmstead built
NRHP-listed
Henrietta, New York
Walling Cobblestone Tavern Walling Cobblestone Tavern.JPG built
NRHP-listed
Sodus, New York
Wallington Cobblestone Schoolhouse District No. 8 Wallington Cobblestone Schoolhouse.JPG built
NRHP-listed
Sodus, New York
Whitcomb Cobblestone Farmhouse built
NRHP-listed
Mendon, New York
Young-Leach Cobblestone Farmhouse and Barn Complex c.1836 built
1992 NRHP-listed
2601 NY 14
42°38′16″N 76°56′21″W / 42.63778°N 76.93917°W / 42.63778; -76.93917 (Young-Leach Cobblestone Farmhouse and Barn Complex)
Torrey, New York Greek Revival, Federal, Vernacular Greek Revival

Ohio[edit]

Building Image Dates Location City, State Description
C.R. Howard House C.R. Howard House.jpg 1853 built
1974 NRHP-listed
411 E. Garfield St.
41°19′04″N 81°19′51″W / 41.31778°N 81.33083°W / 41.31778; -81.33083 (C.R. Howard House)
Aurora, Ohio Two-story house with a steep gable, with eaves decorated by scroll-sawn vergeboard, topped by an octagonal pinnacle and pendant. Believed to be the only one of two cobblestone homes within the Western Reserve area.[6]
Cobble-Cote [] 1834 built
2060 White Pond Drive.
41°19′04″N 81°19′51″W / 41.31778°N 81.33083°W / 41.31778; -81.33083 (Cobble-Cote)
Akron, Ohio Two-story house with sun porch addition. Refurbished and remodeled in the 1920s. Floors are reclaimed wood from houses of a similar age that were demolished. Believed to be one of two cobblestone houses within the Western Reserve area. The rear walkway is constructed of 92 millstones of unknown origin.

Washington[edit]

The Basalt Cobblestone Quarries District contains seven historic quarries which provided cobblestones for Portland streets.

Wisconsin[edit]

Building Image Dates Location City, State Description
Cobblestone House (Eau Claire, Wisconsin) 1011 State Street, Eau Claire, Wisconsin (Cobblestone House).JPG 1866 built
1974 NRHP-listed
1011 State St.
44°48′18″N 91°29′38″W / 44.80500°N 91.49389°W / 44.80500; -91.49389 (Cobblestone House (Eau Claire, Wisconsin))
Eau Claire, Wisconsin Gothic
Haseltine Cobblestone House The Haseltine Cobblestone HouseImage.jpeg 1842 built
1980 NRHP-listed
W230 S8235 Big Bend Dr.
42°53′38″N 88°12′34″W / 42.89389°N 88.20944°W / 42.89389; -88.20944 (Haseltine Cobblestone House)Coordinates: 42°53′38″N 88°12′34″W / 42.89389°N 88.20944°W / 42.89389; -88.20944 (Haseltine Cobblestone House)
Big Bend, Wisconsin Greek Revival
Samuel S. Jones Cobblestone House 2013-09-15 Samuel S. Jones Cobblestone House, Milwaukee Rd., Clinton, WI, Front View.jpg 1847 built
1978 NRHP-listed
Clinton, Wisconsin Greek Revival
Daniel and Catherine Ketchum Cobblestone House DanielKetchumCobblestoneHouseMarquetteWisconsinFront.jpg 1851 built
2001 NRHP-listed
147 E. 2nd St. Marquette, Wisconsin Greek Revival
Lathrop-Munn Cobblestone House Lathrop-Munn Cobblestone House, 524 Bluff Street, Beloit, WI.JPG ca. 1848 built
1977 NRHP-listed
524 Bluff St. Beloit, Wisconsin Greek Revival
Meyerhofer Cobblestone House ca. 1850 built
1980 NRHP-listed
Townline Rd. Lake Geneva, Wisconsin Colonial, Greek Revival
Richardson-Brinkman Cobblestone House 2013-09-14 Richardson-Brinkman Cobblestone House, 607 W. Milwaukee Rd., Clinton, WI, Front View.jpg 1843 built
1977 NRHP-listed
607 W. Milwaukee Rd.
42°33′27″N 88°51′58″W / 42.55750°N 88.86611°W / 42.55750; -88.86611 (Richardson-Brinkman Cobblestone House)
Clinton, Wisconsin Greek Revival
Justin Weed House Justin Weed House.JPG 1848 built
1974 NRHP-listed
3509 Washington Rd. Kenosha, Wisconsin Greek Revival

References[edit]

  1. ^ "About the Church Building". St. Alban's Church. Retrieved 21 September 2013.
  2. ^ Cobblestone Architecture of New York State MPS
  3. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. July 9, 2010.
  4. ^ http://gis.hpa.state.il.us/pdfs/200446.pdf
  5. ^ http://gis.hpa.state.il.us/pdfs/200309.pdf
  6. ^ Lorrie K. Owen, ed. (1999). "Ohio Historic Places Dictionary, Volume 2". Somerset Publishers, Inc. p. 1166.

See also[edit]