List of cobblestone buildings
This is a list of cobblestone buildings, mostly houses and mostly but not all in the United States, that are notable and that reflect cobblestone architecture. Cobblestone architecture had some popularity for substantial homes and other buildings for a period, but is limited in scope of employment.
In Europe, cobblestone architecture includes the use of flint cobbles. St. Alban's Church, Copenhagen, in Denmark, was designed as a traditional English church by architect Arthur Blomfield. Gothic Revival in style, it is built in limestone from the Faxe south of Copenhagen, knapped flint from Stevns, Åland stone for the spire, and roof tiles from Broseley in Shropshire. The conspicuous use of flint as a building material, unusual in Denmark, is another typical trait from England where it is commonly seen in church buildings in the south of the country, particularly East Anglia.
In the United States, cobblestone architecture appears most significantly in New York State, and within the state generally along the Erie Canal, following from the economic prosperity brought by the canal and from the ease of transportation by barges of this heavy building material. There are numerous examples in other states as well. A number of cobblestone houses and other buildings are listed on the U.S. National Register of Historic Places.
Notable cobblestone buildings include:
in the United States
(by state then city)
|Colorado National Guard Armory||1916 built||Golden, Colorado|
The area around the Illinois-Wisconsin border once had the largest population of cobblestone houses outside of New York City. However, very few remain—the Illinois Historic Sites Survey in 1978 identified only two remaining. Cobblestone houses were popular among individuals who worked on the Erie Canal, and the style came to the border region from New York migrants.
|Gifford-Davidson House||1850 built
|363-365 Prairie St.
||Elgin, Illinois||Built by James Talcott Gifford, a native of central New York who became wealthy in Wisconsin, then returned in 1849 to Elgin, which he had helped found, and completed this in 1850. Cobblestone first floor; frame above. House was expanded in 1871.|
|Herrick Cobblestone||1847 built
||Rockford, Illinois||Greek Revival in style. Built by Elijah L. Herrick, who may have been a cobblestone mason. The stones are from the nearby Rock River. Herrick came from Massachusetts to Rockford in the mid-1830s, though he probably stopped in New York on the way and came to learn of the style. One of the oldest houses in Rockford.|
|Sandstone and Cobblestone Schools||1910-21 built
|Moore-Ward Cobblestone House||1905 built
|Artesia, New Mexico|
|C.R. Howard House||1853 built
|411 E. Garfield St.
||Aurora, Ohio||Two-story house with a steep gable, with eaves decorated by scroll-sawn vergeboard, topped by an octagonal pinnacle and pendant. Believed to be the only one of two cobblestone homes within the Western Reserve area.|
||2060 White Pond Drive.
||Akron, Ohio||Two-story house with sun porch addition. Refurbished and remodeled in the 1920s. Floors are reclaimed wood from houses of a similar age that were demolished. Believed to be one of two cobblestone houses within the Western Reserve area. The rear walkway is constructed of 92 millstones of unknown origin.|
The Basalt Cobblestone Quarries District contains seven historic quarries which provided cobblestones for Portland streets.
|Cobblestone House (Eau Claire, Wisconsin)||1866 built
|1011 State St.
||Eau Claire, Wisconsin||Gothic|
|Haseltine Cobblestone House||1842 built
|W230 S8235 Big Bend Dr.
|Big Bend, Wisconsin||Greek Revival|
|Samuel S. Jones Cobblestone House||1847 built
|Clinton, Wisconsin||Greek Revival|
|Daniel and Catherine Ketchum Cobblestone House||1851 built
|147 E. 2nd St.||Marquette, Wisconsin||Greek Revival|
|Lathrop-Munn Cobblestone House||ca. 1848 built
|524 Bluff St.||Beloit, Wisconsin||Greek Revival|
|Meyerhofer Cobblestone House||ca. 1850 built
|Townline Rd.||Lake Geneva, Wisconsin||Colonial, Greek Revival|
|Richardson-Brinkman Cobblestone House||1843 built
|607 W. Milwaukee Rd.
||Clinton, Wisconsin||Greek Revival|
|Justin Weed House||1848 built
|3509 Washington Rd.||Kenosha, Wisconsin||Greek Revival|
- "About the Church Building". St. Alban's Church. Retrieved 21 September 2013.
- Cobblestone Architecture of New York State MPS
- "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. July 9, 2010.
- Illinois Historic Preservation Agency
- Illinois Historic Preservation Agency
- "About the Cobblestone Houses in New York and Other States".
- Lorrie K. Owen, ed. (1999). Ohio Historic Places Dictionary, Volume 2. Somerset Publishers, Inc. p. 1166. ISBN 9781878592705.