List of college bowl games
The following is a list of current, defunct, and proposed college football bowl games. Six bowl games are currently part of the College Football Playoff, a selection system that creates bowl matchups involving twelve of the top-ranked teams in the NCAA Division I Football Bowl Subdivision. There are also a number of other college football postseason invitationals, as well as several all-star games. The number of team-competitive (excluding all-star) bowl games increased to 41 in 2015-16, allowing 80 teams to participate, requiring an easing of bowl eligibility rules to include teams with losing seasons to ensure 80 teams are eligible. Community college bowl games are also listed.
- 1 College Football Playoff games
- 2 Other current bowl games
- 3 Future (proposed) games
- 4 Map of bowl games
- 5 Number of current bowl games by state
- 6 Current bowl games played outside the U.S.
- 7 All-Star games
- 8 Regular season rivalries called bowls
- 9 Bowl games played outside of the US
- 10 Non-Division I FBS bowl games
- 11 NAIA bowl games
- 12 Community College bowl games
- 13 NCCAA bowl games
- 14 Defunct bowl games
- 15 See also
- 16 References
- 17 Further reading
College Football Playoff games
|Name||First Bowl Game||Venue
|Title Sponsor||Previous Name(s)|
|Rose Bowl Game||1902
(continuous since 1916)
(1942: Durham, North Carolina*)
|$18,000,000||Northwestern Mutual||Tournament East-West football game; Rose Bowl, Rose Bowl Game presented by: AT&T^, Sony PlayStation 2^, Citi^, Vizio^|
|Orange Bowl||1935||Sun Life Stadium
|Miami Gardens, Florida
(1934-1995, 1998: Miami, Florida)
|$18,000,000||Capital One||Orange Bowl, FedEx Orange Bowl, Discover Orange Bowl|
|Sugar Bowl||1935||Mercedes-Benz Superdome
|New Orleans, Louisiana
(2005: Atlanta, Georgia†)
|$18,000,000||Allstate||Sugar Bowl, USF&G Sugar Bowl, Nokia Sugar Bowl|
|Cotton Bowl Classic||1937||AT&T Stadium
(1937-2008: Dallas, Texas)
|$18,000,000||Goodyear||Cotton Bowl, Mobil Cotton Bowl, Cotton Bowl, Southwestern Bell Cotton Bowl Classic, SBC Cotton Bowl Classic|
|Peach Bowl||1968||Georgia Dome
|Atlanta, Georgia||$18,000,000||Chick-fil-A||Peach Bowl, Chick-fil-A Peach Bowl, Chick-fil-A Bowl|
|Fiesta Bowl||1971||University of Phoenix Stadium
(1971-2005: Tempe, Arizona)
|$18,000,000||None||Fiesta Bowl, Sunkist Fiesta Bowl, Fiesta Bowl, IBM OS/2 Fiesta Bowl, Tostitos Fiesta Bowl, Vizio Fiesta Bowl|
^ Since the 1998 season, the inaugural season of the BCS system, the Rose Bowl has only had a presenting sponsor after its title. Prior to that year, the Rose Bowl had no sponsor attached to its name.
* One-time move due to World War II travel restrictions after the attack on Pearl Harbor.
† One-time move due to damage to the Superdome from Hurricane Katrina.
Other current bowl games
Besides the six bowl games that are part of the College Football Playoff, there are a number of other postseason invitationals. Generally, two conferences will agree to send teams of a particular standing to a game beforehand. For instance, the Rose Bowl traditionally features the Big Ten and Pac-12 conference champions. Generally, the payout to the participating teams in a bowl game is closely correlated to its prestige. By comparison, each of the former BCS bowls (including the national championship game) had a payout of $18 million.
|Title Sponsor(s)||Previous Name(s)|
|Sun Bowl||1935||Sun Bowl Stadium
|El Paso, Texas||$2,000,000||Hyundai||Sun Bowl, John Hancock Sun Bowl, John Hancock Bowl, Norwest Bank Sun Bowl, Norwest Corporation Sun Bowl, Wells Fargo Sun Bowl, Vitalis Sun Bowl, Brut Sun Bowl|
|TaxSlayer Bowl||1945||EverBank Field
(1994: Gainesville, Florida)
|$3,500,000||TaxSlayer||Gator Bowl, Mazda Gator Bowl, Outback Gator Bowl, Toyota Gator Bowl, Konica Minolta Gator Bowl, Progressive Gator Bowl, TaxSlayer.com Gator Bowl|
|Citrus Bowl||1946||Orlando Citrus Bowl Stadium
(1973: Gainesville, Florida)
|$4,550,000||Buffalo Wild Wings||Tangerine Bowl, Florida Citrus Bowl, CompUSA Florida Citrus Bowl, Ourhouse.com Florida Citrus Bowl, Capital One Florida Citrus Bowl, Capital One Bowl|
|Liberty Bowl||1959||Liberty Bowl Memorial Stadium
(1959–1963: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania;
1964: Atlantic City, New Jersey)
|$1,437,500||AutoZone||Liberty Bowl, St. Jude Liberty Bowl, AXA Liberty Bowl|
|Independence Bowl||1976||Independence Stadium
|Shreveport, Louisiana||$1,150,000||Camping World||Independence Bowl, Poulan Independence Bowl, Poulan Weed Eater Independence Bowl, Sanford Independence Bowl, MainStay Independence Bowl, PetroSun Independence Bowl, AdvoCare V100 Independence Bowl, AdvoCare V100 Bowl, Duck Commander Independence Bowl|
|Holiday Bowl||1978||Qualcomm Stadium
|San Diego, California||$2,075,000||National University||Holiday Bowl, Sea World Holiday Bowl, Thrifty Car Rental Holiday Bowl, Plymouth Holiday Bowl, Culligan Holiday Bowl, Pacific Life Holiday Bowl, Bridgepoint Education Holiday Bowl|
|Outback Bowl||1986||Raymond James Stadium
|Tampa, Florida||$3,500,000||Outback||Hall of Fame Bowl|
|Cactus Bowl||1989||Sun Devil Stadium
(1989-99: Tucson, Arizona;
2000-2005: Phoenix, Arizona)
|$3,350,000||Motel 6||Copper Bowl, Domino's Pizza Copper Bowl, Weiser Lock Copper Bowl, Insight.com Bowl, Insight Bowl, Buffalo Wild Wings Bowl, TicketCity Cactus Bowl|
|Russell Athletic Bowl||1990||Orlando Citrus Bowl Stadium
(1990-2000: Miami Gardens, Florida)
|$2,275,000||Russell Athletic||Sunshine Classic, Blockbuster Bowl, Carquest Bowl, MicronPC Bowl, MicronPC.com Bowl, Visit Florida Tangerine Bowl, Mazda Tangerine Bowl, Champs Sports Bowl|
|Las Vegas Bowl||1992||Sam Boyd Stadium
|Whitney, Nevada||$1,100,000||Royal Purple||Las Vegas Bowl, EA Sports Las Vegas Bowl, Sega Sports Las Vegas Bowl, Pioneer PureVision Las Vegas Bowl, Pioneer Las Vegas Bowl, MAACO Bowl Las Vegas|
|San Antonio, Texas||$3,175,000||Valero||Builders Square Alamo Bowl, Sylvania Alamo Bowl, Alamo Bowl Presented By MasterCard, MasterCard Alamo Bowl, Alamo Bowl|
|Famous Idaho Potato Bowl||1997||Albertsons Stadium
|Boise, Idaho||$325,000||Idaho Potato Commission||Sports Humanitarian Bowl, Humanitarian Bowl, Crucial.com Humanitarian Bowl, MPC Computers Bowl, Roady's Humanitarian Bowl, uDrove Humanitarian Bowl|
|Music City Bowl||1998||Nissan Stadium
|Nashville, Tennessee||$1,837,500||Franklin American Mortgage Company||Music City Bowl, American General Music City Bowl, homepoint.com Music City Bowl, Gaylord Hotels Music City Bowl, Gaylord Hotels Music City Bowl presented by Bridgestone|
|GoDaddy Bowl||1999||Ladd Peebles Stadium
|Mobile, Alabama||$750,000||Go Daddy||Mobile Alabama Bowl, GMAC Mobile Alabama Bowl, GMAC Bowl, GoDaddy.com Bowl|
|New Orleans Bowl||2001||Mercedes-Benz Superdome
|New Orleans, Louisiana
(2005: Lafayette, Louisiana)
|$500,000||R+L Carriers||New Orleans Bowl, Wyndham New Orleans Bowl|
|Foster Farms Bowl||2002||Levi's Stadium
|Santa Clara, California
(2002-2013: San Francisco, California)
|$837,500||Foster Farms||San Francisco Bowl, Diamond Walnut San Francisco Bowl, Emerald Bowl, Kraft Fight Hunger Bowl, Fight Hunger Bowl|
|Hawaii Bowl||2002||Aloha Stadium
|Honolulu, Hawaii||$650,000||None||ConAgra Foods Hawaiʻi Bowl, Sheraton Hawaiʻi Bowl|
|Belk Bowl||2002||Bank of America Stadium
|Charlotte, North Carolina||$1,700,000||Belk||Queen City Bowl, Continental Tire Bowl, Meineke Car Care Bowl|
|Armed Forces Bowl||2003||Amon G. Carter Stadium
|Fort Worth, Texas
(2010-2011: University Park, Texas)
|$600,000||Lockheed Martin||PlainsCapital Fort Worth Bowl, Fort Worth Bowl, Bell Helicopter Armed Forces Bowl|
|Poinsettia Bowl||2005||Qualcomm Stadium
|San Diego, California||$500,000||San Diego County Credit Union||None previous|
|Texas Bowl||2006||NRG Stadium
|Houston, Texas||$1,700,000||AdvoCare||Texas Bowl, Meineke Car Care Bowl of Texas|
|Birmingham Bowl||2006||Legion Field
|Birmingham, Alabama||$1,000,025 (SEC); $900,000 (AAC)||None||Birmingham Bowl, Papajohns.com Bowl, BBVA Compass Bowl|
|New Mexico Bowl||2006||University Stadium
|Albuquerque, New Mexico||$456,250||Gildan||New Mexico Bowl|
|Military Bowl||2008||Navy–Marine Corps Memorial Stadium
(2008–2012: Washington, D.C.)
|$1,000,000||Northrop Grumman||Congressional Bowl, EagleBank Bowl, Military Bowl Presented By Northrop Grumman|
|St. Petersburg Bowl||2008||Tropicana Field
|St. Petersburg, Florida||$537,500||None||St. Petersburg Bowl, magicJack St. Petersburg Bowl, Beef 'O' Brady's St. Petersburg Bowl, Beef 'O' Brady's Bowl, Bitcoin St. Petersburg Bowl|
|Pinstripe Bowl||2010||Yankee Stadium
|Bronx, New York||$1,800,000||New Era||None previous|
|Heart of Dallas Bowl||2010||Cotton Bowl
|Dallas, Texas||$800,000||Zaxby's||Dallas Football Classic, TicketCity Bowl, Heart of Dallas Bowl presented by PlainsCapital Bank|
|Bahamas Bowl||2014||Thomas Robinson Stadium
|Nassau, Bahamas||TBD||Popeyes||None previous|
|Boca Raton Bowl||2014||FAU Stadium
|Boca Raton, Florida||$400,000||Marmot||Boca Raton Bowl|
|Camellia Bowl||2014||Cramton Bowl
|Montgomery, Alabama||TBD||Raycom Media||None previous|
|Miami Beach Bowl||2014||Marlins Park
|Miami, Florida||TBD||None||None previous|
|Quick Lane Bowl||2014||Ford Field
|Detroit, Michigan||$1,200,000||Ford Motor Company||None previous|
|Cure Bowl||2015||Orlando Citrus Bowl Stadium
|Orlando, Florida||$1,350,000||AutoNation||None previous|
|Arizona Bowl||2015||Arizona Stadium
|Tucson, Arizona||TBD||Nova Home Loans||None previous|
Future (proposed) games
|Name||Year to start||Venue
|Austin Bowl||2016||Darrell K Royal–Texas Memorial Stadium
|Austin, Texas||TBD||None||None previous|
|Medal of Honor Bowl||2016||Johnson Hagood Stadium
|Charleston, South Carolina||TBD||None||None previous|
|Melbourne Bowl||2016||Etihad Stadium
|Melbourne, Victoria||TBD||None||None previous|
|Christmas Bowl Los Angeles||TBD||Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum
|Los Angeles, California||TBD||TBD||None previous|
|Unnamed Dubai bowl game||TBD||TBD||Dubai, United Arab Emirates||TBD||TBD||None previous|
|Unnamed Ireland bowl game||TBD||TBD||Ireland||TBD||TBD||None previous|
|Unnamed Little Rock bowl game||TBD||War Memorial Stadium
|Little Rock, Arkansas||TBD||TBD||None previous|
|Unnamed Toronto bowl game||TBD||Rogers Centre
|Toronto, Ontario, Canada||TBD||TBD||International Bowl|
Two proposed games, the Cure Bowl and Christmas Bowl, were turned down by the NCAA for 2010. There are currently 40+ licensed college bowls, which just about maxes out the possible eligible teams (the four-year average of bowl-eligible squads is 71.8). If one of the current games folds or loses its certification, however, the Cure or Christmas Bowls could step in.
In August 2013, the Detroit Lions announced that it would hold a new bowl game at Ford Field beginning in 2014, holding Big Ten and Atlantic Coast Conference tie-ins, despite the existence of the Little Caesars Pizza Bowl While Pizza Bowl organizers attempted to move the game to Comerica Park (a baseball stadium across the street from Ford Field), these plans never came to fruition. In August 2014, the Lions announced that the new game would be known as the Quick Lane Bowl, and play its inaugural game on December 26, 2014. In a statement to Crain's Detroit Business, Motor City Bowl co-founder Ken Hoffman confirmed that there would be no Little Caesars Pizza Bowl for 2014.
In June 2013, ESPN.com reported that the so-called "Group of Five" conferences—the American Athletic Conference, Conference USA, MAC, Mountain West Conference, and Sun Belt Conference—were considering adding one or more new bowl games once the NCAA's current moratorium on new bowls expires after the 2013 season. This move was driven by a trend for the "Power Five" conferences (ACC, Big Ten, Big 12, Pac-12, and SEC) to play one another in bowl games. The 2013 season, the last of the current four-year bowl cycle, will have 16 bowls that involve two teams from "Power Five" leagues. The 2014 season, the first of a new six-year bowl cycle, will have at least 19, and possibly more, matchups of "Power Five" teams. The "Group of Five" was apparently concerned that this trend would mean that its teams might not have available bowl slots.
According to the report, the aforementioned Christmas Bowl would involve a Mountain West team against an opponent from either the Pac-12 or The American. As for The American, it is seeking to start a bowl game, most likely at Marlins Park in Miami. Two other venues of "Group of Five" schools in Florida—Bright House Networks Stadium (UCF, Orlando) and FAU Stadium (Florida Atlantic, Boca Raton)—are being considered for other potential bowls. A possible bowl in Little Rock would pit C-USA and the Sun Belt. Finally, the director of the current Little Caesars Bowl indicated that he had been in contact with officials from all of the "Group of Five" about starting new bowl games in Ireland (most likely Dublin), Dubai, and either Toronto or Nassau. Recently, though, reports have indicated the proposed games in Ireland and Dubai would be unworkable.
The first new bowl to be confirmed for 2014 was the Camellia Bowl, a game created by ESPN that will be played in Montgomery, Alabama. It will have tie-ins with the MAC and Sun Belt, and the contract for the game will run through the 2019 season. ESPN was also reported to be in negotiations to take over ownership of the existing Heart of Dallas Bowl and establish a new bowl game in Boca Raton.
Another ownership group interested in starting a Montgomery-based bowl at Alabama State's stadium has reportedly switched focus to Charleston, SC. In the face of obstacles related to a NCAA ban on playing postseason games at predetermined locations in South Carolina due to the Confederate battle flag being flown at a civil war monument on the State House grounds, the ownership group instead chose to stage the Medal of Honor Bowl all-star game at Johnson Hagood Stadium beginning in 2014. However, with the Confederate flag's removal from the State House grounds on July 10, 2015, the NCAA lifted its ban that day. As such, on August 27 of that year, the Medal of Honor Bowl announced their plans to become a traditional postseason bowl game beginning on December 18, 2016 pending NCAA approval. The all-star game format will not be played that year as a result.
Map of bowl games
Number of current bowl games by state
*State also hosts College Football Playoff semifinals in rotation under current CFP format.
Current bowl games played outside the U.S.
- Senior Bowl - Mobile, Alabama (1947–present)
- East-West Shrine Game - Orlando, Florida (1925–present)
- National Bowl Game - Miami, Florida - (NCAA Division I FCS/II-III) (2010–present)
- FCS BOWL - Miami, Florida - (NCAA Division I FCS) (2014–present)
- NFLPA Collegiate Bowl - Carson, California (2012–present)
- Medal of Honor Bowl - Charleston, South Carolina (2014–present)
- Texas vs The Nation - Allen, Texas (2007–2011, 2013)
- Casino del Sol College All-Star Game - Tucson, Arizona (2011–2012)
- Cactus Bowl - Kingsville, Texas (NCAA Division II) (1994–2010)
- College All-Star Bowl (2013–2014)
- East Coast Bowl - Petersburg, Virginia (2001)
- Florida Gridiron Classic
- Blue-Gray Football Classic - Montgomery, Alabama (1935–2001, 2003)
- Hula Bowl - Honolulu, Hawaii (1947–2008)
- Inta-Juice All-Star Classic (one year)
- The South Carolina All Star Game - South Carolina (2013–2014)
- North-South All-Star Classic - Houston, Texas (2007)
- North-South Shrine Game - Miami, Florida (1948–1973)
- Las Vegas All-American Classic - Las Vegas, Nevada (2002–2006)
- Magnolia Gridiron All-Star Classic - Jackson, Mississippi (2005)
- Players All-Star Classic
- Raycom All-Star Classic (2013)
- The Silver and Gold Gridiron Classic - Atlanta, Georgia (2008)
- Chicago College All-Star Game (College All-Stars vs. NFL champions) - Chicago/Evanston, Illinois (1934–1976)
Regular season rivalries called bowls
- Empire State Bowl - Columbia and Cornell
- Shula Bowl - Florida International and Florida Atlantic
- Black and Blue Bowl - Memphis and Southern Miss
- Crab Bowl Classic - Maryland and Navy
- Egg Bowl - Mississippi and Mississippi State
- Friends of Coal Bowl - Marshall and West Virginia
- Iron Bowl - Alabama and Auburn
- Magnolia Bowl - LSU and Mississippi
- Palmetto Bowl – Clemson and South Carolina
- Textile Bowl - Clemson and North Carolina State
Bowl games played outside of the US
- Bacardi Bowl - seven exhibition games played in Havana, Cuba from 1907-1946
- International Bowl - bowl game played in Toronto, Ontario, Canada from 2007-2010
- Bahamas Bowl
Non-Division I FBS bowl games
Division I FCS
- Gridiron Classic - rotating campus sites (2006–2009)
Current Bowl Games
- Mineral Water Bowl - Excelsior Springs, Missouri (1948–1951, 1954–1975, 1992–present)
- C.H.A.M.P.S. Heart of Texas Bowl - Copperas Cove, Texas (2012-present)
- Live United Texarkana Bowl - Texarkana, Arkansas (2013–present)
Former Bowl Games
- Dixie Rotary Bowl - Saint George, Utah (1986–2008)
- Pioneer Bowl - Various locations (1997–2007, 2009–2012)
- Kanza Bowl - Topeka, Kansas (2009–2012)
Current Bowl Games
- Amos Alonzo Stagg Bowl - Salem, Virginia (1973–present); Division III national championship game
- Oyster Bowl – Hampton, Virginia (1999–present); regular season game, formerly a Division I event
Former Bowl Games
- Aztec Bowl - Toluca, Mexico (1950–53, 1955, 1957, 1964–66, 1970–71, 1971–80, 1984, 1986–2007)
- Knute Rockne Bowl - Atlantic City, New Jersey (1969–1972; 1976–1977)
NAIA bowl games
- College Fanz First Down Classic, 2007–2011
- NAIA national football championship (1956–present); previously called Aluminum Bowl (1956), Holiday Bowl (1957–1960), Camellia Bowl (1961–1963), Championship Bowl (1964-1976 Division I), Apple Bowl (1977 Division I), Palm Bowl (1978-1979 Division I), and Championship Bowl (1980-1996 Division I)
Community College bowl games
- Beef Empire Bowl - Garden City, Kansas - defunct
- Brazos Valley Bowl - Bryan, Texas - defunct
- Carrier Dome Bowl - Syracuse, New York - defunct
- C.H.A.M.P.S. Heart of Texas Bowl - Copperas Cove, Texas
- Citizens Bank Bowl - Pittsburg, Kansas - defunct. Known in its last season as the Football Capital of Kansas Bowl. Hosted 2009 National Junior College Athletic Association National Championship game between Blinn and Fort Scott, which featured future NFL stars Cam Newton and Lavonte David.
- El Toro Bowl - Yuma, Arizona
- The Graphic Edge Bowl - Cedar Falls, Iowa (formerly Coca-Cola Bowl, Like Cola Bowl, Royal Crown Bowl, Pepsi-Cola/Sigler Printing Bowl). This bowl is a doubleheader with the Iowa runner-up playing in the first game and the Iowa champion in the second. The opponents for each game are chosen at-large.
- Garland Shrine Bowl - defunct
- Garland Texas Bowl - Garland, Texas - defunct
- Hospitality Bowl - defunct
- Jayhawk Bowl Classic - Coffeyville, Kansas - defunct
- Industrial Bowl - defunct
- Junior Rose Bowl - defunct
- Little Oil Bowl - defunct
- Midwest Bowl - Chicago, Illinois - defunct
- Mississippi Bowl - Biloxi, Mississippi
- North Star Bowl - Rochester, Minnesota - defunct
- NJCAA Shrine Bowl - defunct
- Pilgrim's Pride Bowl Classic - defunct
- Real Dairy Bowl - Pocatello, Idaho - defunct
- Red River Bowl - Bedford, Texas - defunct
- Roaring Ranger Bowl - Ranger, Texas - defunct
- Robert A. Bothman Bulldog Bowl - San Mateo, California
- Salt City Bowl - Hutchinson, Kansas
- Silver Bowl - Sterling, Kansas - defunct
- Texas Juco Shrine Bowl - defunct
- Top of the Mountains Bowl - Sandy, Utah - defunct
- Valley of the Sun Bowl - Scottsdale, Arizona
- Wool Bowl - Roswell, New Mexico - defunct
NCCAA bowl games
Defunct bowl games
|Alamo Bowl||1947||San Antonio, Texas||Not to be confused with the modern Alamo Bowl|
|All-American Bowl||1977–1990||Birmingham, Alabama||Known as the Hall of Fame Classic through 1985.|
|Aloha Bowl||1982–2000||Honolulu, Hawaii|
|Aviation Bowl||1961||Dayton, Ohio|
|Bacardi Bowl||1907, 1909, 1911–1912, 1921, 1936, 1946||Havana, Cuba||Last game in 1946, Southern Mississippi defeated Havana University, 55-0|
|Bluebonnet Bowl||1959–1987||Houston, Texas||Known as the Astro-Bluebonnet Bowl whenever the game was played in the Astrodome.|
|Bluegrass Bowl||1958||Louisville, Kentucky|
|Boardwalk Bowl||1961–1973||Atlantic City, New Jersey|
|Boot Hill Bowl||1970–1980||Dodge City, Kansas|
|California Bowl||1981–1991||Fresno, California||Superseded by the Las Vegas Bowl.|
|Camellia Bowl||1948, 1961–1980||Lafayette, Louisiana, Sacramento, California||One year in Lafayette, 19 in Sacramento|
|Charity Bowl||1937||Los Angeles, California|
|Cherry Bowl||1984–1985||Pontiac, Michigan|
|Cigar Bowl||1946–1954||Tampa, Florida|
|College All-Star Game||1934–1976||Chicago, Illinois||Preseason game matching the previous year's NFL champion (Super Bowl Champion starting with the 1967 game) against an all-star squad of the previous year's college seniors|
|Cosmopolitan Bowl||1951||Alexandria, Louisiana|
|Delta Bowl||1947–1948||Memphis, Tennessee|
|Dixie Bowl||1947–1948||Birmingham, Alabama|
|Dixie Classic||1921, 1924, 1933||Dallas, Texas|
|Epson Ivy Bowl||1988–1996||Japan|
|Festival of Palms Bowl||1932–1933||Miami, Florida||Would become the Orange Bowl for the 1934 season|
|Fort Worth Classic||1920||Fort Worth, Texas|
|Freedom Bowl||1984–1994||Anaheim, California|
|Garden State Bowl||1978–1981||East Rutherford, New Jersey|
|Glasnost Bowl||Never Played||Moscow, USSR||An attempt to stage an American college football game in the USSR at the beginning of the 1989 season. The game was named after the policy of glasnost ("openness") introduced by Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev in 1985. Scheduled for the Dynamo Stadium, the game was similar to the Mirage Bowl, a college football game played annually in Tokyo, Japan, with plans to have it be an annual contest with different participants each year. Organized by Raycom Sports, the game was scheduled between the University of Southern California Trojans and the University of Illinois Fighting Illini to open their regular seasons. Arrangements were made for a network telecast back to the United States, and airplanes were chartered for fans to fly to the Soviet Union. However, due to complications, the game was cancelled and rescheduled for Los Angeles, California as a USC home game at the Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum instead.|
|Glass Bowl||1946–1949||Toledo, Ohio|
|Gotham Bowl||1961–1962||New York City|
|Great Lakes Bowl||1947||Cleveland, Ohio|
|Gridiron Classic||1998–2004||Orlando, Florida||Revived in 2006 as a Division I FCS game|
|Harbor Bowl||1946–1948||San Diego, California|
|Haka Bowl||Never played||Auckland, New Zealand||Was to start in 1996, but NCAA revoked certification before first game|
|Heritage Bowl||1991–1999||Atlanta, Georgia||Bowl game played between winners of the Mid-Eastern Athletic Conference and the Southwestern Athletic Conference, the only bowl in what was then Division I-AA.|
|Houston Bowl||2000–2005||Houston, Texas||Called the galleryfurniture.com Bowl in 2000-2001|
|International Bowl||2006–2009||Toronto, Ontario|
|Lions Bowl||1952||Salisbury, North Carolina||Clarion Teacher's College defeated East Carolina College 13-6 on December 13, 1952. Game was not an NCAA sanctioned bowl. NCAA member West Chester was the bowl's first choice for a northern team, but West Chester was not allowed to accept and was replaced by Clarion.
In previous years the game was played as the Pythian Bowl.
|Little Caesars Pizza Bowl||1997-2013||Detroit, Michigan
(1997-2001: Pontiac, Michigan)
|Also known as the Ford Motor City Bowl and the Motor City Bowl. Was replaced by the Quick Lane Bowl in 2014.|
|Los Angeles Christmas Festival||1924||Los Angeles, California|
|Mercy Bowl||1961, 1971||Los Angeles, California|
|Mirage Bowl||1976–1993||Tokyo, Japan||A regular season matchup, originally at Korakuen Stadium, later at Olympic Stadium, and finally at the Tokyo Dome|
|Missouri-Kansas Bowl||1948||Kansas City, Missouri|
|North-South Shrine Game||1948–1973||Miami, Florida||Post season all star game similar to the East-West Shrine Game|
|Oahu Bowl||1998–2000||Honolulu, Hawaii|
|Oil Bowl||1943, 1945–1946||Houston, Texas|
|Orange Blossom Classic||1933–1978||Miami, Florida||The name is now used for an occasional regular season game|
|Oyster Bowl||1948–1995||Norfolk, Virginia||A regular season game called a "bowl", now a Division III game|
|Pasadena Bowl||1967–1971||Pasadena, California|
|Patriot Bowl||2007–2009||Cleveland, Ohio||A regular season game called a "bowl" that featured a team from the Mid-American Conference and (originally) a United States service academy|
|First 4 seasons in Abilene, last 2 in Arlington.|
|Pelican Bowl||1972, 1974–1975||Durham, North Carolina
New Orleans, Louisiana
|First game in Durham, last 2 in New Orleans.|
|Pineapple Bowl||1939–1951||Honolulu, Hawaii|
|Poi Bowl||1935–1938||Honolulu, Hawaii|
|Presidential Cup Bowl||1950||College Park, Maryland|
|Refrigerator Bowl||1948–1956||Evansville, Indiana|
|Raisin Bowl||1945–1949||Fresno, California|
|Salad Bowl||1947–1951||Phoenix, Arizona||Precursor to current Fiesta Bowl|
|San Diego East-West Christmas Classic||1921–1922||San Diego, California|
|Seattle Bowl||2001–2002||Seattle, Washington||Continuation of the Oahu Bowl.|
|Shrine Bowl||1948–1949||Little Rock, Arkansas|
|Silicon Valley Football Classic||2000–2004||San Jose, California|
|Sunflower Bowl||1982–1986||Winfield, Kansas|
|Tobacco Bowl||1935–1941, 1948–1984||South Boston, Virginia, Richmond, Virginia|
|Vulcan Bowl||1941–1948, 1951||Birmingham, Alabama|
|Wheat Bowl||1995–2006||Ellinwood, Kansas, Great Bend, Kansas||Pre-season NAIA bowl|
- "2015-2016 College Football Bowl Game Schedule". CollegeFootballPoll.com.
- "Bowl/All Star Game Records" (PDF). NCAA.org. Retrieved 2014-10-24.
- "Bowl/All Star Game Records" (PDF). NCAA.org. Retrieved 2014-10-24.
- Bowl Game at Yankee Stadium
- "Little Caesars Pizza Bowl at Ford Field canceled". Crain's Detroit Business. Retrieved 27 August 2014.
- "Quick Lane Bowl Announced". Big Ten Conference. Retrieved 27 August 2014.
- "Orlando, Florida :: Be Part of The History :: Be Part of The Game :: Be Part of The Cure". The Cure Bowl. Retrieved 2012-12-03.
- "Sun Belt, AAC partner with Orlando's new Cure Bowl for 2015". CBSSports.com.
- "Austin's bowl game hopes delayed to 2016". Austin Business Journal. Retrieved 2015-05-26.
- Hartsell, Jeff (August 27, 2015). "Medal of Honor Bowl now a 'traditional' bowl game". PostandCourier.com. The Post and Courier. Retrieved August 29, 2015.
- McMurphy, Brett (June 11, 2013). "'Group of Five' look to add bowls". ESPN.com. Retrieved June 11, 2013.
- Keeley, Sean (2010-04-23). "What The Hell Was The Cure Bowl & The Christmas Bowl? - Troy Nunes Is An Absolute Magician". Nunesmagician.com. Retrieved 2012-12-03.
- "NCAA approves a record 35 bowl games | UTSanDiego.com". Signonsandiego.com. 2010-04-23. Retrieved 2012-12-03.
- "Report: Detroit Lions to host bowl game with Big Ten tie-in, Pizza Bowl getting dumped". MILive.com. Retrieved 27 August 2014.
- "Detroit Lions announce agreement with ACC for Bowl Game at Ford Field". detroitlions.com. Retrieved 27 August 2014.
- "Little Caesars Pizza Bowl organizers open to playing outside; Detroit Lions bowl interest confirmed". MILive.com. Retrieved 27 August 2014.
- Fowler, Jimmy (August 13, 2013). "Careful, bowl games: You could be without a team". CBS Sports. Retrieved September 6, 2013.
- McMurphy, Brett (August 19, 2013). "Bowl created for MAC, Sun Belt". ESPN.com. Retrieved August 20, 2013.
- Hartsell, Jeff (August 10, 2013). "New effort to bring bowl game to Charleston faces familiar obstacles: Confederate flag, NAACP, NCAA". Charleston Post & Courier. Retrieved September 6, 2013.
- Emmert, Mark (July 10, 2015). "Statement from NCAA president on removal of Confederate flag in South Carolina". NCAA. Retrieved July 13, 2015.
- Mahler, Melissa; Draft Insider (September 5, 2014). "Is the College Football ALL-STAR Game Pecking Order Shifting?". Pro Player Insiders. Retrieved October 28, 2014.
- cstv.com - August 24, 2009
- "College Division/Minor Bowl Games". Cfbdatawarehouse.com. Retrieved 2012-12-03.
- [dead link]
- "Clarion Wins, 13-6, in Lions Bowl". The Pittsburgh Press. December 14, 1952. p. 42.
- "Pizza Bowl At Ford Field Is History". CBS Detroit. August 19, 2014. Retrieved August 20, 2014.
- The Nation's Home for NAIA Football
- Oriard, Michael (2009). Bowled Over: Big-Time College Football from the Sixties to the BCS Era. The University of North Carolina Press. ISBN 978-0-8078-3329-2.