List of college bowl games

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The following is a list of current, defunct, and proposed college football bowl games. Six bowl games are currently part of the College Football Playoff, a selection system that creates bowl matchups involving twelve of the top-ranked teams in the NCAA Division I Football Bowl Subdivision. There are also a number of other college football postseason invitationals, as well as several all-star games.

For nearly a century, bowl games were the purview of only the very best teams, but a steady proliferation of new bowl games required more teams, with 70 participating teams by the 2010–11 bowl season, then 80 participating teams by the 2015–16 bowl season. As a result, the NCAA has steadily reduced the criteria for bowl eligibility, allowing teams with a non-winning (6–6) record in 2010, further reducing requirements to allow teams with outright losing records (5-7) to be invited since 2012. Of the teams with losing records, the team with the best Academic Progress Rate score would be chosen first.[1] While losing teams in bowl games has now become commonplace, there have been a few losing teams who have played in bowl games before the changes in bowl eligibility: 1945 Gator Bowl - Florida Gators (2-3-3), 1963 Sun Bowl - SMU (4-6), 1970 Tangerine Bowl - William & Mary - (5-6), and the 2001 New Orleans Bowl - North Texas (5-6).[2] For the 2016–17 bowl season, 25% of the bowl participants (20 teams) did not have a winning record.

The tables below(College Football Playoff games, Other current Division I FBS bowl games) reflect the changes for the 2016-17 bowl season.

Bowl games are not limited to the Bowl Subdivision; teams in the three lower divisions of the NCAA (the championship subdivision, and Divisions II and III) are also allowed to participate in bowl games. The playoff structure in those three divisions discourages most high-caliber teams from participating in bowl games, as teams would rather contest for the national championship than play in a bowl game. The same basic guidelines for bowl eligibility apply for those contests. As of 2015, one bowl game exists for the championship subdivision, three bowls serve Division II and none exist for teams in Division III (with the exception of the Stagg Bowl, which is not a bowl in the same sense but a name for the Division III playoff tournament's championship game).

Past and present community college bowl games, not sanctioned by the NCAA, are also listed.

College Football Playoff games[edit]

Further information: College Football Playoff

Six major bowl games, known as the New Year's Six, rotate the hosting of the two semifinal games which determine the teams that play in the final College Football Playoff National Championship game.[3] The New Year's Six includes six of the ten oldest bowl games (missing the Sun, Gator, Citrus and Liberty bowls), continuing their original history of pitting the very best teams in the country against each other. These six games focus on the top 12 teams in the rankings, with only five teams ranked lower than 12th (all five were still ranked in the top 20) having ever played in the New Year's Six since the College Football Playoff system was inaugurated.

Name First
(Permanent Seating)
City Most Recent
Per Team
(+ Revenue Pool)[4]
Previous Name(s)[5]
Rose Bowl Game 1902

(annual since 1916)
Rose Bowl
Pasadena, California

(1942: Durham, North Carolina*)
$4,000,000 Northwestern Mutual Tournament East-West football game; Rose Bowl, Rose Bowl Game presented by: AT&T^, Sony PlayStation 2^, Citi^, Vizio^
Orange Bowl 1935 Hard Rock Stadium
Miami Gardens, Florida

(1934–1995, 1998: Miami, Florida)
(as semifinal)
Capital One Orange Bowl, FedEx Orange Bowl, Discover Orange Bowl
Sugar Bowl 1935 Mercedes-Benz Superdome
New Orleans

(2005: Atlanta, Georgia†)
$4,000,000 Allstate Sugar Bowl, USF&G Sugar Bowl, Nokia Sugar Bowl
Cotton Bowl Classic 1937 AT&T Stadium
Arlington, Texas

(1937–2008: Dallas, Texas)
(as semifinal)
Goodyear Cotton Bowl, Mobil Cotton Bowl, Cotton Bowl, Southwestern Bell Cotton Bowl Classic, SBC Cotton Bowl Classic
Peach Bowl 1968 Georgia Dome
Atlanta $4,000,000 Chick-fil-A Peach Bowl, Chick-fil-A Peach Bowl, Chick-fil-A Bowl
Fiesta Bowl 1971 University of Phoenix Stadium
Glendale, Arizona

(1971–2005: Tempe, Arizona)
$4,000,000 PlayStation Fiesta Bowl, Sunkist Fiesta Bowl, Fiesta Bowl, IBM OS/2 Fiesta Bowl, Tostitos Fiesta Bowl, Vizio Fiesta Bowl, BattleFrog Fiesta Bowl

^ The Rose Bowl did not add a sponsor to its name until the 1998 season. Unlike other bowls, which give the sponsor's name precedence ahead of the bowl's name (effectively changing the title of the game), the Rose Bowl adds the sponsor as "presented by", after the words Rose Bowl.
* One-time move due to World War II travel restrictions after the attack on Pearl Harbor.
† One-time move due to damage to the Superdome from Hurricane Katrina.

Other current Division I FBS bowl games[edit]

Besides the six bowl games that are part of the College Football Playoff, there are a number of other postseason invitationals. Generally, two conferences will agree to send teams of a particular standing to a game beforehand. For instance, the Rose Bowl traditionally features the Big Ten and Pac-12 conference champions. Generally, the payout to the participating teams in a bowl game is closely correlated to its prestige. By comparison, each of the former BCS bowls (including the national championship game) had a payout of $18 million.

Name Season
(Permanent Seating)
City Most Recent
Per Team
Title Sponsor(s)[5] Previous Name(s)[5]
Sun Bowl 1935 Sun Bowl Stadium
El Paso, Texas $2,000,000 Hyundai Sun Bowl, John Hancock Sun Bowl, John Hancock Bowl, Norwest Bank Sun Bowl, Norwest Corporation Sun Bowl, Wells Fargo Sun Bowl, Vitalis Sun Bowl, Brut Sun Bowl
TaxSlayer Bowl 1945 EverBank Field
Jacksonville, Florida

(1994: Gainesville, Florida)
$3,500,000 TaxSlayer Gator Bowl, Mazda Gator Bowl, Outback Gator Bowl, Toyota Gator Bowl, Konica Minolta Gator Bowl, Progressive Gator Bowl, Gator Bowl
Citrus Bowl 1946 Camping World Stadium
Orlando, Florida

(1973: Gainesville, Florida)
$4,550,000 Buffalo Wild Wings Tangerine Bowl, Florida Citrus Bowl, CompUSA Florida Citrus Bowl, Florida Citrus Bowl, Capital One Florida Citrus Bowl, Capital One Bowl
Liberty Bowl 1959 Liberty Bowl Memorial Stadium
Memphis, Tennessee

(1959–1963: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania;
1964: Atlantic City, New Jersey)
$1,437,500 AutoZone Liberty Bowl, St. Jude Liberty Bowl, AXA Liberty Bowl
Independence Bowl 1976 Independence Stadium
Shreveport, Louisiana $1,150,000 Camping World Independence Bowl, Poulan Independence Bowl, Poulan Weed Eater Independence Bowl, Sanford Independence Bowl, MainStay Independence Bowl, PetroSun Independence Bowl, AdvoCare V100 Independence Bowl, AdvoCare V100 Bowl, Duck Commander Independence Bowl
Holiday Bowl 1978 Qualcomm Stadium
San Diego $2,075,000 National Funding Holiday Bowl, Sea World Holiday Bowl, Thrifty Car Rental Holiday Bowl, Plymouth Holiday Bowl, Culligan Holiday Bowl, Pacific Life Holiday Bowl, Bridgepoint Education Holiday Bowl, National University Holiday Bowl
Outback Bowl 1986 Raymond James Stadium
Tampa, Florida $3,500,000 Outback Hall of Fame Bowl
Cactus Bowl 1989 Sun Devil Stadium
Tempe, Arizona

(1989-99: Tucson, Arizona;
2000–2005: Phoenix, Arizona)
$3,350,000 Motel 6 Copper Bowl, Domino's Pizza Copper Bowl, Weiser Lock Copper Bowl, Bowl, Insight Bowl, Buffalo Wild Wings Bowl, TicketCity Cactus Bowl
Russell Athletic Bowl 1990 Camping World Stadium
Orlando, Florida

(1990–2000: Miami Gardens, Florida)
$2,275,000 Russell Athletic Sunshine Classic, Blockbuster Bowl, Carquest Bowl, MicronPC Bowl, Bowl, Visit Florida Tangerine Bowl, Mazda Tangerine Bowl, Champs Sports Bowl
Las Vegas Bowl 1992 Sam Boyd Stadium
Whitney, Nevada $1,100,000 GEICO Las Vegas Bowl, EA Sports Las Vegas Bowl, Sega Sports Las Vegas Bowl, Pioneer PureVision Las Vegas Bowl, Pioneer Las Vegas Bowl, MAACO Bowl Las Vegas, Royal Purple Las Vegas Bowl
Alamo Bowl 1993 Alamodome
San Antonio, Texas $3,175,000 Valero Builders Square Alamo Bowl, Sylvania Alamo Bowl, Alamo Bowl Presented By MasterCard, MasterCard Alamo Bowl, Alamo Bowl
Famous Idaho Potato Bowl 1997 Albertsons Stadium
Boise, Idaho $325,000 Idaho Potato Commission Sports Humanitarian Bowl, Humanitarian Bowl, Humanitarian Bowl, MPC Computers Bowl, Roady's Humanitarian Bowl, uDrove Humanitarian Bowl
Music City Bowl 1998 Nissan Stadium
Nashville, Tennessee $1,837,500 Franklin American Mortgage Company Music City Bowl, American General Music City Bowl, Music City Bowl, Gaylord Hotels Music City Bowl, Gaylord Hotels Music City Bowl presented by Bridgestone
Dollar General Bowl 1999 Ladd Peebles Stadium
Mobile, Alabama $750,000 Dollar General Mobile Alabama Bowl, GMAC Mobile Alabama Bowl, GMAC Bowl, Bowl, GoDaddy Bowl
New Orleans Bowl 2001 Mercedes-Benz Superdome
New Orleans

(2005: Lafayette, Louisiana)
$500,000 R+L Carriers New Orleans Bowl, Wyndham New Orleans Bowl
Foster Farms Bowl 2002 Levi's Stadium
Santa Clara, California

(2002–2013: San Francisco, California)
$837,500 Foster Farms San Francisco Bowl, Diamond Walnut San Francisco Bowl, Emerald Bowl, Kraft Fight Hunger Bowl, Fight Hunger Bowl
Hawaii Bowl 2002 Aloha Stadium
Honolulu, Hawaii $650,000 None ConAgra Foods Hawai'i Bowl, Sheraton Hawai'i Bowl
Belk Bowl 2002 Bank of America Stadium
Charlotte, North Carolina $1,700,000 Belk Queen City Bowl, Continental Tire Bowl, Meineke Car Care Bowl
Armed Forces Bowl 2003 Amon G. Carter Stadium
Fort Worth, Texas

(2010–2011: University Park, Texas)
$600,000 Lockheed Martin PlainsCapital Fort Worth Bowl, Fort Worth Bowl, Bell Helicopter Armed Forces Bowl
Texas Bowl 2006 NRG Stadium
Houston, Texas $1,700,000 AdvoCare Texas Bowl, Meineke Car Care Bowl of Texas
Birmingham Bowl 2006 Legion Field
Birmingham, Alabama $1,000,025 (SEC); $900,000 (AAC) None Birmingham Bowl, Bowl, BBVA Compass Bowl
New Mexico Bowl 2006 University Stadium
Albuquerque, New Mexico $456,250 Gildan New Mexico Bowl
Military Bowl 2008 Navy–Marine Corps Memorial Stadium
Annapolis, Maryland

(2008–2012: Washington, D.C.)
$1,000,000 Northrop Grumman Congressional Bowl, EagleBank Bowl, Military Bowl Presented By Northrop Grumman
St. Petersburg Bowl 2008 Tropicana Field
St. Petersburg, Florida $537,500 None St. Petersburg Bowl, magicJack St. Petersburg Bowl, Beef 'O' Brady's St. Petersburg Bowl, Beef 'O' Brady's Bowl, Bitcoin St. Petersburg Bowl
Pinstripe Bowl 2010 Yankee Stadium[6]
Bronx, New York $1,800,000 New Era None previous
Heart of Dallas Bowl 2010 Cotton Bowl
Dallas $800,000 Zaxby's Dallas Football Classic, TicketCity Bowl, Heart of Dallas Bowl presented by PlainsCapital Bank
Bahamas Bowl 2014 Thomas Robinson Stadium
Nassau, Bahamas $450,000 Popeyes None previous
Boca Raton Bowl 2014 FAU Stadium
Boca Raton, Florida $400,000 None Boca Raton Bowl, Marmot Boca Raton Bowl
Camellia Bowl 2014 Cramton Bowl
Montgomery, Alabama $200,000 Raycom Media None previous
Miami Beach Bowl 2014 Marlins Park
Miami $1,000,000 None None previous
Quick Lane Bowl[7][8] 2014 Ford Field
Detroit $1,200,000 Ford Motor Company de facto replacement for Little Caesars Pizza Bowl which ran from 1997 to 2013
Cure Bowl[9][10] 2015 Camping World Stadium
Orlando, Florida $1,350,000 AutoNation None previous
Arizona Bowl 2015 Arizona Stadium
Tucson, Arizona Undetermined[11] Nova Home Loans None previous

Division I FCS and Division II bowl games[edit]

FCS bowls[edit]

Name First
(Permanent Seating)
City Most Recent
Per Team
(+ Revenue Pool)
Previous Name(s)
Celebration Bowl 2015 Mercedes-Benz Stadium
Atlanta, Georgia $1,000,000 United States Air Force Reserve Legacy Bowl (proposed 2010)
Heritage Bowl (1991–99)
Pelican Bowl (1972–75)

Division II bowls[edit]

Name First
(Permanent Seating)
City Title
Previous Name(s)
Mineral Water Bowl 1999 Roosevelt Field Excelsior Springs, Missouri none none
Heart of Texas Bowl 2012 Bulldawg Stadium Copperas Cove, Texas HOT Bowl (abbreviation)
Live United Bowl 2013 Razorback Stadium Texarkana, Arkansas Dean Barry, agent;
United Way
Texarkana Bowl
(Replaced Kanza Bowl, which ran from 2009–2012)

Proposed games[edit]

The number of bowl games have risen steadily, reaching 41 (including the national championship game) by the 2015 bowl season. To fill the 80 available bowl slots, a record 15 teams with non-winning seasons participated in bowl games—including three with a record of 5–7. This situation led directly to the NCAA Division I Council imposing a three-year moratorium on new bowl games in April 2016.[12]

Since 2010, organizers and boosters have continued to propose other bowl games—some of these proposals have since been dropped, while others are active proposals that have been placed on hold during the NCAA moratorium.

Name Year to start Venue
(permanent seating)
City Payout Sponsor(s) Previous name(s)
Austin Bowl[13] TBD Darrell K Royal–Texas Memorial Stadium
Austin, Texas TBD None None previous
Medal of Honor Bowl[14] TBD Johnson Hagood Stadium
Charleston, South Carolina TBD None None previous
Myrtle Beach Bowl TBD TBD Myrtle Beach, South Carolina TBD None None Previous
Melbourne Bowl TBD Etihad Stadium
Melbourne, Victoria TBD None None previous
Christmas Bowl Los Angeles[15][16][17] TBD Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum
Los Angeles TBD TBD None previous
Unnamed Dubai bowl game[17] TBD TBD Dubai, United Arab Emirates TBD TBD None previous
Unnamed Ireland bowl game[17] TBD TBD Ireland TBD TBD None previous
Unnamed Little Rock bowl game[17] TBD War Memorial Stadium
Little Rock, Arkansas TBD TBD None previous
Unnamed Toronto bowl game[17] TBD Rogers Centre
Toronto, Canada TBD TBD International Bowl

Two proposed games, the Cure Bowl and Christmas Bowl, were turned down by the NCAA for 2010.[18] The Cure Bowl was eventually added in 2014, for the 2015 season.

In August 2013, the Detroit Lions announced that it would hold a new bowl game at Ford Field beginning in 2014, holding Big Ten and Atlantic Coast Conference tie-ins, despite the existence of the Little Caesars Pizza Bowl[19][20] While Pizza Bowl organizers attempted to move the game to Comerica Park (a baseball stadium across the street from Ford Field), these plans never came to fruition.[7][21] In August 2014, the Lions announced that the new game would be known as the Quick Lane Bowl, and play its inaugural game on December 26, 2014. In a statement to Crain's Detroit Business, Motor City Bowl co-founder Ken Hoffman confirmed that there would be no Little Caesars Pizza Bowl for 2014.[7][8]

In June 2013, reported that the so-called "Group of Five" conferences—the American Athletic Conference, Conference USA, MAC, Mountain West Conference, and Sun Belt Conference—were considering adding one or more new bowl games once the NCAA's current moratorium on new bowls expires after the 2013 season. This move was driven by a trend for the "Power Five" conferences (ACC, Big Ten, Big 12, Pac-12, and SEC) to play one another in bowl games. The 2013 season, the last of the current four-year bowl cycle, will have 16 bowls that involve two teams from "Power Five" leagues. The 2014 season, the first of a new six-year bowl cycle, will have at least 19, and possibly more, matchups of "Power Five" teams. The "Group of Five" was apparently concerned that this trend would mean that its teams might not have available bowl slots.[17]

According to reports, the 2010 Christmas Bowl proposal would have involved a Mountain West team against an opponent from either the Pac-12 or The American. As for The American, it has suggested a new bowl game, most likely at Marlins Park in Miami. Two other venues of "Group of Five" schools in Florida—Bright House Networks Stadium (UCF, Orlando) and FAU Stadium (Florida Atlantic, Boca Raton)—are being considered for other potential bowls. A possible bowl in Little Rock would pit C-USA and the Sun Belt. Finally, the director of the current Little Caesars Bowl indicated that he had been in contact with officials from all of the "Group of Five" about starting new bowl games in Ireland (most likely Dublin), Dubai, and either Toronto or Nassau.[17] Recently, though, reports have indicated the proposed games in Ireland and Dubai would be unworkable.[22]

The first new bowl to be confirmed for 2014 was the Camellia Bowl, a game created by ESPN that will be played in Montgomery, Alabama. It will have tie-ins with the MAC and Sun Belt, and the contract for the game will run through the 2019 season. ESPN was also reported to be in negotiations to take over ownership of the existing Heart of Dallas Bowl and establish a new bowl game in Boca Raton.[23]

Another ownership group interested in starting a Montgomery-based bowl at Alabama State's stadium has reportedly switched focus to Charleston, South Carolina. In the face of obstacles related to a NCAA ban on playing postseason games at predetermined locations in South Carolina due to the Confederate battle flag being flown at a civil war monument on the State House grounds, the ownership group instead chose to stage the Medal of Honor Bowl all-star game at Johnson Hagood Stadium beginning in 2014.[24] However, with the Confederate flag's removal from the State House grounds on July 10, 2015, the NCAA lifted its ban that day.[25] As such, on August 27 of that year, the Medal of Honor Bowl announced their plans to become a traditional postseason bowl game beginning on December 18, 2016 pending NCAA approval. The all-star game format will not be played that year as a result.[26]

Map of bowl games[edit]

Number of current FBS bowl games by state[edit]

State Number Bowls
Florida 9 Orange*, Boca Raton, Citrus, Cure, Miami Beach, Outback, Russell Athletic, St. Petersburg, TaxSlayer
Texas 6 Cotton*, Alamo, Armed Forces, Heart of Dallas, Texas, Sun
California 3 Rose*, Foster Farms, Holiday
Louisiana Sugar*, Independence, New Orleans
Alabama Birmingham, Camellia, Dollar General
Arizona Fiesta*, Arizona, Cactus
Tennessee 2 Liberty, Music City
Georgia Peach*, Celebration
Hawaii 1 Hawai'i
Idaho Famous Idaho Potato
Maryland Military
Michigan Quick Lane
Nevada Las Vegas
New Mexico New Mexico
New York Pinstripe
North Carolina Belk

*State also hosts College Football Playoff semifinals in rotation under current CFP format.

Current bowl games played outside the U.S.[edit]

Country Number Bowls
Bahamas 1 Bahamas

All-Star games[edit]


Regular season rivalries called bowls[edit]

Bowl games played outside of the US[edit]

Playoff games called bowls[edit]

Division III[edit]

  • Amos Alonzo Stagg BowlSalem, Virginia (1973–present). In contrast to the other bowl games, the Stagg Bowl operates within the NCAA tournament structure; it serves as the Division III national championship game.

NAIA bowl games[edit]

There is a large list of bowl games for NAIA available at [28] -- You can help Wikipedia by expanding this section.

  • College Fanz First Down Classic, 2007–2011
  • NAIA national football championship (1956–present); previously called Aluminum Bowl (1956), Holiday Bowl (1957–1960), Camellia Bowl (1961–1963), Championship Bowl (1964–1976 Division I), Apple Bowl (1977 Division I), Palm Bowl (1978–1979 Division I), and Championship Bowl (1980–1996 Division I)

Community College bowl games[edit]

NCCAA bowl games[edit]

Defunct bowl games[edit]

Defunct major-college bowl games[edit]

Name Seasons Active City Notes
Alamo Bowl 1947 San Antonio, Texas Not to be confused with the modern Alamo Bowl
All-American Bowl 1977–1990 Birmingham, Alabama Known as the Hall of Fame Classic through 1985.
Aloha Bowl 1982–2000 Honolulu, Hawaii
Aviation Bowl 1961 Dayton, Ohio
Bacardi Bowl 1907, 1909, 1911–1912, 1921, 1936, 1946 Havana, Cuba Last game in 1946, Southern Mississippi defeated Havana University, 55-0
Bluebonnet Bowl 1959–1987 Houston, Texas Known as the Astro-Bluebonnet Bowl whenever the game was played in the Astrodome.
Bluegrass Bowl 1958 Louisville, Kentucky
California Bowl 1981–1991 Fresno, California Superseded by the Las Vegas Bowl.
Charity Bowl 1937 Los Angeles
Cherry Bowl 1984–1985 Pontiac, Michigan
Delta Bowl 1947–1948 Memphis, Tennessee
Dixie Bowl 1947–1948 Birmingham, Alabama
Dixie Classic 1921, 1924, 1933 Dallas, Texas Forerunner to the current Cotton Bowl Classic
Fort Worth Classic 1920 Fort Worth, Texas
Freedom Bowl 1984–1994 Anaheim, California
Garden State Bowl 1978–1981 East Rutherford, New Jersey
Gotham Bowl 1961–1962 New York City
Great Lakes Bowl 1947 Cleveland, Ohio
Harbor Bowl 1946–1948 San Diego
Houston Bowl 2000–2005 Houston, Texas Called the Bowl in 2000–2001
International Bowl 2006–2009 Toronto
Little Caesars Pizza Bowl[29] 1997–2013 Detroit
(1997–2001: Pontiac, Michigan)
Also known as the Ford Motor City Bowl and the Motor City Bowl. Was replaced by the Quick Lane Bowl in 2014.
Los Angeles Christmas Festival 1924 Los Angeles
Mercy Bowl 1961, 1971 Los Angeles
Oahu Bowl 1998–2000 Honolulu, Hawaii
Oil Bowl 1943, 1945–1946 Houston, Texas
Pineapple Bowl 1939–1951 Honolulu, Hawaii
Poi Bowl 1935–1938 Honolulu, Hawaii
Poinsettia Bowl 2005-2016 San Diego [30]
Presidential Cup Bowl 1950 College Park, Maryland
Raisin Bowl 1945–1949 Fresno, California
Salad Bowl 1947–1951 Phoenix, Arizona Precursor to current Fiesta Bowl
San Diego East-West Christmas Classic 1921–1922 San Diego, California
Seattle Bowl 2001–2002 Seattle Continuation of the Oahu Bowl.
Shrine Bowl 1948–1949 Little Rock, Arkansas
Silicon Valley Football Classic 2000–2004 San Jose, California

Defunct Division II bowl games[edit]

Defunct Division III bowl games[edit]

Defunct regular-season games known as bowl games[edit]

Name Seasons Active City Notes
Mirage Bowl 1976–1993 Tokyo, Japan A regular season matchup, originally at Korakuen Stadium, later at Olympic Stadium, and finally at the Tokyo Dome
Oyster Bowl 1948–1995 Norfolk, Virginia A regular season game called a "bowl", now a home game for Old Dominion University to raise money for the Kedive Shriner's charities.
Patriot Bowl 2007–2009 Cleveland, Ohio A regular season game called a "bowl" that featured a team from the Mid-American Conference and (originally) one of the United States service academies
Tobacco Bowl 1935–1941, 1948–1984 South Boston, Virginia, Richmond, Virginia

Defunct minor-college or unofficial bowl games[edit]

Name Seasons Active City Notes
Boardwalk Bowl 1961–1973 Atlantic City, New Jersey
Boot Hill Bowl 1970–1980 Dodge City, Kansas
Camellia Bowl 1948, 1961–1980 Lafayette, Louisiana, Sacramento, California One year in Lafayette, 19 in Sacramento
Cigar Bowl 1946–1954 Tampa, Florida
Cosmopolitan Bowl 1951 Alexandria, Louisiana
Epson Ivy Bowl 1988–1996 Japan
Festival of Palms Bowl 1932–1933 Miami Would become the Orange Bowl for the 1934 season[31]
Glass Bowl 1946–1949 Toledo, Ohio
Grape Bowl 1947–1948 Lodi, California
Heritage Bowl 1991–1999 Atlanta Bowl game played between winners of the Mid-Eastern Athletic Conference and the Southwestern Athletic Conference, the only bowl in what was then Division I-AA.
Lions Bowl 1952 Salisbury, North Carolina Clarion Teacher's College defeated East Carolina College 13-6 on December 13, 1952.[32] Game was not an NCAA sanctioned bowl. NCAA member West Chester was the bowl's first choice for a northern team, but West Chester was not allowed to accept and was replaced by Clarion.

In previous years the game was played as the Pythian Bowl.

Missouri-Kansas Bowl 1948 Kansas City, Missouri
Optimist Bowl 1946 Houston College of the Pacific was coached by Amos Alonzo Stagg.
Orange Blossom Classic 1933–1978 Miami The name is now used for an occasional regular season game
Pasadena Bowl 1967–1971 Pasadena, California
Pecan Bowl 1964–1970 Abilene,
Arlington, Texas
First 4 seasons in Abilene, last 2 in Arlington.
Pelican Bowl 1972, 1974–1975 Durham, North Carolina
New Orleans
First game in Durham, last 2 in New Orleans.
Refrigerator Bowl 1948–1956 Evansville, Indiana
Sunflower Bowl 1982–1986 Winfield, Kansas
Vulcan Bowl 1941–1948, 1951 Birmingham, Alabama
Wheat Bowl 1995–2006 Ellinwood, Kansas, Great Bend, Kansas Pre-season NAIA bowl[33]

Defunct college all-star games[edit]

Name Seasons Active City Notes
College All-Star Game 1934–1976 Chicago Preseason game matching the previous year's NFL champion (Super Bowl Champion starting with the 1967 game) against an all-star squad of the previous year's college seniors
Gridiron Classic 1998–2004 Orlando, Florida
Japan Bowl 1976–1993 Tokyo, Japan
North–South Shrine Game 1948–1973 Miami, Florida Post season all star game similar to the East–West Shrine Game


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  2. ^
  3. ^ Cooper, Ryan (2016-12-04). "College football bowls: New Year's Six matchups announced". National Collegiate Athletic Association. Retrieved 2016-12-18. 
  4. ^ a b "2016-2017 College Football Bowl Game Schedule". 
  5. ^ a b c d "Bowl/All Star Game Records" (PDF). Retrieved 2016-12-04. 
  6. ^ "Bowl Game at Yankee Stadium". 
  7. ^ a b c "Little Caesars Pizza Bowl at Ford Field canceled". Crain's Detroit Business. Retrieved 27 August 2014. 
  8. ^ a b "Quick Lane Bowl Announced". Big Ten Conference. Retrieved 27 August 2014. 
  9. ^ "Orlando, Florida :: Be Part of The History :: Be Part of The Game :: Be Part of The Cure". The Cure Bowl. Retrieved 2012-12-03. 
  10. ^ "Sun Belt, AAC partner with Orlando's new Cure Bowl for 2015". 
  11. ^  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  12. ^ McMurphy, Brett (April 11, 2016). "NCAA approves three-year halt to new bowl games". Retrieved April 11, 2016. 
  13. ^ "Austin's bowl game hopes delayed to 2016". Austin Business Journal. Retrieved 2015-05-26. 
  14. ^ Hartsell, Jeff (August 27, 2015). "Medal of Honor Bowl now a 'traditional' bowl game". The Post and Courier. Retrieved August 29, 2015. 
  15. ^ "Closet & Wall Decor Inspiration Design". 
  16. ^ "L.A.'s Christmas Bowl backer breaks his silence … and we're still not sure how it could have made it on the 2010 calendar". 
  17. ^ a b c d e f g McMurphy, Brett (June 11, 2013). "'Group of Five' look to add bowls". Retrieved June 11, 2013. 
  18. ^ Keeley, Sean (2010-04-23). "What The Hell Was The Cure Bowl & The Christmas Bowl? – Troy Nunes Is An Absolute Magician". Retrieved 2012-12-03. 
  19. ^ "Report: Detroit Lions to host bowl game with Big Ten tie-in, Pizza Bowl getting dumped". Retrieved 27 August 2014. 
  20. ^ "Detroit Lions announce agreement with ACC for Bowl Game at Ford Field". Retrieved 27 August 2014. 
  21. ^ "Little Caesars Pizza Bowl organizers open to playing outside; Detroit Lions bowl interest confirmed". Retrieved 27 August 2014. 
  22. ^ Fowler, Jimmy (August 13, 2013). "Careful, bowl games: You could be without a team". CBS Sports. Retrieved September 6, 2013. 
  23. ^ McMurphy, Brett (August 19, 2013). "Bowl created for MAC, Sun Belt". Retrieved August 20, 2013. 
  24. ^ Hartsell, Jeff (August 10, 2013). "New effort to bring bowl game to Charleston faces familiar obstacles: Confederate flag, NAACP, NCAA". Charleston Post & Courier. Retrieved September 6, 2013. 
  25. ^ Emmert, Mark (July 10, 2015). "Statement from NCAA president on removal of Confederate flag in South Carolina". NCAA. Retrieved July 13, 2015. 
  26. ^ a b Hartsell, Jeff (August 27, 2015). "Medal of Honor Bowl now a 'traditional' bowl game". The Post and Courier. Retrieved August 29, 2015. 
  27. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n Mahler, Melissa; Draft Insider (September 5, 2014). "Is the College Football ALL-STAR Game Pecking Order Shifting?". Pro Player Insiders. Retrieved October 28, 2014. 
  28. ^ "College Division/Minor Bowl Games". Retrieved 2012-12-03. 
  29. ^ "Pizza Bowl At Ford Field Is History". CBS Detroit. August 19, 2014. Retrieved August 20, 2014. 
  31. ^ [1] Archived November 3, 2006, at the Wayback Machine.
  32. ^ "Clarion Wins, 13-6, in Lions Bowl". The Pittsburgh Press. December 14, 1952. p. 42. 
  33. ^ The Nation's Home for NAIA Football

Further reading[edit]

  • Oriard, Michael (2009). Bowled Over: Big-Time College Football from the Sixties to the BCS Era. The University of North Carolina Press. ISBN 978-0-8078-3329-2.