Colonial architecture in Jakarta

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Jayakarta circa 1605–8, before its complete destruction by the Dutch, showing earlier pre-colonial structures before Batavia was founded

Colonial buildings and structures in Jakarta include those that were constructed during the Dutch colonial period of Indonesia. The period (and the subsequent style) succeeded the earlier period when Jakarta (known then as Jayakarta/Jacatra), governed by the Sultanate of Banten, were completely eradicated and replaced with a walled city of Batavia.[1] The dominant styles of the colonial period can be divided into three periods: the Dutch Golden Age (17th to late 18th century), the transitional style period (late 18th century – 19th century), and Dutch modernism (20th century). Dutch colonial architecture in Jakarta is apparent in buildings such as houses or villas, churches, civic buildings, and offices, mostly concentrated in the administrative city of Central Jakarta and West Jakarta.

Below is a list of colonial buildings and structures found in Jakarta. The list is sorted alphabetically according to its official (local) name. The list can also be sorted to each category.

Buildings which undertook complete renovation which resulted in different form are listed separately to distinguish the different architectural form.

Some notable Chinese-style buildings and Islamic mosques that were built during these period are included in the list for comparison.

Dutch East India Company period – 17th to late 18th century[edit]

A map of Batavia

The first type of colonial architecture grew from the early Dutch settlements in the 17th century, when settlements were generally within walled defences to protect them from attack by other European trade rivals and native revolt. Following the siege of Jayakarta (previously known as Sunda Kelapa) and its demolition by the Dutch in 1619, it was decided to build the headquarters of the Dutch East India Company on the site. Simon Stevin was commissioned to design a plan for the future settlement based on his concept of the 'ideal city'. His response was a rectangular, walled town, bisected by the river Ciliwung which was to be channeled into a straight canal (later known as also known as Grote Rivier or Kali Besar or "Big River" in this area). This new city is called Batavia (now Jakarta). In accordance to Stevin's model, the fortress of Batavia was the most prominent building in the city, symbolizing the center of power, while townhall, markets, and other public buildings were distributed. This layout of Jakarta can still be clearly recognized today in Jakarta Old Town through the layout of the streets and canals, although most of the original 17th structures had been destroyed or replaced with newer early 20th-century structures.[2]

The architecture style of this period were the tropical counterparts of 17th-century Dutch architecture. Typical features include the typically Dutch high sash windows with split shutters,[2] gable roofs,[2] and white-coral painted wall (as opposed to exposed brick architecture in the Netherlands). This earlier period of Jakarta had many of the buildings solidly built with relatively enclosed structures, a structure that is not very friendly to tropical climate as compared to the architecture of the next period in Jakarta.[2] Best example of these buildings were located along the Tygersgracht (now Jalan Muka Timur), all had been demolished.[2] Best surviving example is Toko Merah.

Several Portuguese colonial architecture also exist, usually outside the walled city of Batavia. Tugu Church and Sion Church, with its plain facade and domed windows, are some surviving examples.

In 1808, Daendels officially moved the city center to south because of the deteriorating condition of the inner town as well as the malaria outbreak. As a result, many buildings and structures from this period were left to deteriorate. Because of financial issues, many buildings were demolished in the 19th century and the debris were used to construct newer structure in the south, such as the Palace of Governor-General Daendels (now the Financial Department of Indonesia) from the debris of Batavia Castle, and Batavia Theater (now Gedung Kesenian Jakarta) from the debris of the Spinhuis.

Later, these empty lots in Jakarta Old Town were filled with newer 20th-century structures. Surviving 17th–18th structures were later converted as Jakarta's cultural heritage, e.g. Toko Merah, Gereja Sion and Jakarta History Museum.

Other dominant architecture style from these period were the Chinese merchant houses, many were built during the 18th century. Many of these structures show eclectic mix of Dutch and Chinese influences.[2]

Last official name Former names Year Architect Location Latest image Oldest image
18th-century Dutch mansion at Kali Besar Barat Bank of China, formerly Firma Tels & Co[3] 18th century anonymous 6°08′11″S 106°48′41″E / 6.136367°S 106.811372°E / -6.136367; 106.811372 18th house kota.jpg COLLECTIE TROPENMUSEUM Koloniale gevels aan de westzijde van de straat Kali Besar in Batavia TMnr 60030905.jpg
Arsip Nasional Reiner de Klerk house[4] 1760 Reiner de Klerk 6°09′14″S 106°49′01″E / 6.153761°S 106.817036°E / -6.153761; 106.817036 National Archives of Indonesia.jpg COLLECTIE TROPENMUSEUM Het Landsarchief TMnr 10015232.jpg
Baijen’s Country House and the Outer Hospital (demolished, replaced by Citadel Prins Frederik) Baijen’s Country House and the Buiten-hospital[5] before 1669, later a hospital, from 1743 until 1820.[5] anonymous 6°10′13″S 106°49′51″E / 6.170386°S 106.830742°E / -6.170386; 106.830742
Bastion Amsterdam (demolished) Amsterdam 1632-1635[6] anonymous 6°07′46″S 106°48′54″E / 6.129527°S 106.815078°E / -6.129527; 106.815078
AMH-5446-NA Plan of the Amsterdam bastion at Batavia.jpg
Bastion Buren (demolished) Buren before 1650[7] anonymous 6°07′41″S 106°48′28″E / 6.128014°S 106.807904°E / -6.128014; 106.807904
Bastion Cuylenburg (demolished, on its site stands Menara Syahbandar) Cuylenburg, Cullenburch, Culemborg[8] 1645[3][7][9] anonymous 6°07′39″S 106°48′33″E / 6.127527°S 106.809071°E / -6.127527; 106.809071 AMH-5456-NA Plan of the Culemborg bastion at Batavia.jpg
Bastion Diest and gate (demolished) Diest, Diestpoort 1632-1635 (bastion),[6] 1638 (gate),[10] 1657 (gate strengthened with stone)[10] anonymous 6°08′12″S 106°48′42″E / 6.136733°S 106.811704°E / -6.136733; 106.811704 Diest-Gate.jpg Diest Poort.jpg
Bastion Enkhuizen (demolished) Enkhuizen 1627-1632[6] anonymous 6°08′05″S 106°48′59″E / 6.134680°S 106.816474°E / -6.134680; 106.816474 Stadsmuren-Batavia1709.jpg AMH-5441-NA Plan of the Emkhuizen bastion at Batavia.jpg
Bastion Friesland (demolished) Friesland 1632-1635[7] anonymous 6°07′55″S 106°48′22″E / 6.131831°S 106.806058°E / -6.131831; 106.806058
Bastion Gelderland (demolished) Gelderland, Punt Gelderland 1627-1632[6] anonymous 6°08′15″S 106°49′00″E / 6.137472°S 106.816785°E / -6.137472; 106.816785 Stadsmuren-Batavia1709.jpg AMH-5451-NA Plan of the Gelderland bastion at Batavia.jpg
Bastion Grimbergen (demolished) Grimbergen 1635-1650[6] anonymous
Bastion Groningen (demolished) Groningen 1632-1635 (replacing the older Buren fortification)[6] anonymous 6°07′37″S 106°48′17″E / 6.126864°S 106.804796°E / -6.126864; 106.804796
AMH-5452-NA Plan of the Groningen bastion at Batavia.jpg
Bastion Hollandia (demolished) Hollandia 1627-1632[6] anonymous 6°08′19″S 106°48′46″E / 6.138544°S 106.812822°E / -6.138544; 106.812822 Nieuwepoort1682.jpg AMH-5440-NA Plan of the Hollandia bastion at Batavia.jpg
Bastion Middelburg (demolished) Middelburg 1627-1632[6] anonymous 6°07′51″S 106°48′55″E / 6.130719°S 106.815397°E / -6.130719; 106.815397
AMH-5439-NA Plan of the Middelburg bastion at Batavia.jpg
Bastion Nassau (demolished) Nassau 1632-1635[6] anonymous 6°08′14″S 106°48′38″E / 6.137265°S 106.810689°E / -6.137265; 106.810689 Pasar-Bamboo-along-Buitengracht.jpg AMH-5438-NA Plan of the Nassau and Oostfriesland bastions at Batavia.jpg
Bastion Oranje (demolished) Oranje 1627-1632[6] anonymous 6°08′15″S 106°48′52″E / 6.137377°S 106.814514°E / -6.137377; 106.814514 Stadsmuren-Batavia1709.jpg AMH-5455-NA Plan of the Orange bastion at Batavia.jpg
Bastion Overrijsel (demolished) Overrijsel 1632-1635[6] anonymous 6°07′47″S 106°48′20″E / 6.129746°S 106.805465°E / -6.129746; 106.805465
AMH-5454-NA Plan of the Overijssel bastion at Batavia.jpg
Bastion Rotterdam (demolished) Rotterdam 1627-1632[6] anonymous 6°07′58″S 106°48′57″E / 6.132779°S 106.815928°E / -6.132779; 106.815928 Stadsmuren-Batavia1709.jpg AMH-5442-NA Plan of the Rotterdam bastion at Batavia.jpg
Bastion Utrecht and portal (demolished) Utrecht Poort 1635-1650[6] anonymous 6°08′07″S 106°48′25″E / 6.135285°S 106.806872°E / -6.135285; 106.806872 Vanaf de middelpunt in utrechtse straat portuguese binnenkerk 1709 by e van stede.jpg AMH-5449-NA Plan of the Utrecht tower and gate at Batavia.jpg
Bastion Vierkant (demolished) Vierkant 1627-1632[nb 1] anonymous 6°07′36″S 106°48′28″E / 6.126775°S 106.807857°E / -6.126775; 106.807857
Bastion Zeeburg (demolished) Zeeburch poort 1632-1635[6] anonymous 6°07′34″S 106°48′28″E / 6.126119°S 106.807639°E / -6.126119; 106.807639
AMH-5435-NA Plan of the Zeeburg bastion at Batavia.jpg
Bastion Zeeland (demolished) Zeeland poort 1627-1632[6] anonymous 6°08′16″S 106°48′28″E / 6.137890°S 106.807708°E / -6.137890; 106.807708 Pasar-Bamboo-along-Buitengracht.jpg AMH-5437-NA Plan of the Zeelandia bastion at Batavia.jpg
Batavia City Hall (1st) and church (demolished between 1622 and 1627.) Kerk en Stadhuis 1619-1622[6] anonymous 6°07′57″S 106°48′42″E / 6.132411°S 106.811770°E / -6.132411; 106.811770
Batavia City Hall (2nd) (replaced with Batavia City Hall (3rd)) Batavia Stadhuis 1627 6°08′07″S 106°48′48″E / 6.135348°S 106.813372°E / -6.135348; 106.813372
Batavia-stadthuys.jpg
Binnenhospital, "Inner Hospital" (closed in 1808, demolished in 1910 for De Javasche Bank)[11] Binnenhospital[5] 1641[11] anonymous 6°08′14″S 106°48′46″E / 6.137185°S 106.812856°E / -6.137185; 106.812856 COLLECTIE TROPENMUSEUM Het gebouw van de Javasche Bank te Batavia gezien vanuit de binnentuin. TMnr 60002634.jpg New Gate north.jpg
Chinese hospital and home for the aged (formally closed in 1912,[12] later demolished) Sinees Sieken Huys 1646[12] anonymous 6°08′05″S 106°48′27″E / 6.134812°S 106.807577°E / -6.134812; 106.807577[7]
Batavia-sineessiekenhuys.png
De Middelpunt, "the middle point" De Middelpunt 1650-1667[6] anonymous 6°08′03″S 106°48′40″E / 6.134163°S 106.811096°E / -6.134163; 106.811096[6] COLLECTIE TROPENMUSEUM De stad Batavia in 1709 TMnr 3440-8.jpg
De Portugese Stadskerk (burned down in 1808)[13] De Portugese Stadskerk, De Portugese Binnenkerk 1650-1667,[6] 1669-1672[14]
6°08′02″S 106°48′37″E / 6.133806°S 106.810358°E / -6.133806; 106.810358[6] Vanaf de middelpunt in utrechtse straat portuguese binnenkerk 1709 by e van stede.jpg Algr001disp04ill55.gif
Fort Ancol (demolished) Fort Zouteland, Schaans Zouteland[8] 1656[15] anonymous 6°07′36″S 106°50′43″E / 6.126605°S 106.845150°E / -6.126605; 106.845150
AMH-6061-NA Fort Zoutelande, near Batavia.jpg
Fort Angke (demolished) See Fort Anké 1657[16] anonymous
AMH-7041-KB Map of Fort Anké.jpg
Fort Jacatra (Nassau and Mauritius) (dismantled between 1627–1632)[6] Fort Jacatra before 1619[6] 6°07′43″S 106°48′36″E / 6.128640°S 106.809979°E / -6.128640; 106.809979
Fort Jacarta Buiten Batavia (demolished) Fort Jacarta Buiten Batavia anonymous 6°08′43″S 106°49′50″E / 6.145389°S 106.830442°E / -6.145389; 106.830442
17Het-fort-Jacatra-buiten-Batavia-in-1709.jpg
Fort Meester Cornelis (demolished) Fort Meester Cornelis 1734 anonymous 6°12′05″S 106°51′00″E / 6.201325°S 106.850101°E / -6.201325; 106.850101 Rach - Fort Meester Cornelis.jpg AMH-7049-KB Map of the Meester Cornelis trading post.jpg
Fort Noordwijk (demolished in 1808) Fort Noordwijk[8] 1658 anonymous 6°10′04″S 106°49′51″E / 6.167773°S 106.830801°E / -6.167773; 106.830801
Vue du fort noortwyck.jpg
Fort Zevenhoek (demolished) Fort Zevenhoek 1657[16] anonymous
Fort Rijswijk (abandoned in 1697, demolished in 1729)[17] Fort Rijswijk[8] August 1656[17] anonymous 6°10′03″S 106°49′08″E / 6.167574°S 106.818830°E / -6.167574; 106.818830 Ryswick1662.jpg AMH-6399-NA View of the Rijswijk redoubt.jpg
Galangan VOC Restaurant and Ta San Yen Carpenter's shop of the Dutch East Indies 1627-1632[6] or before 1650[7] or 1727[18] anonymous 6°07′42″S 106°48′32″E / 6.128344°S 106.808937°E / -6.128344; 106.808937 Galangan-voc-restaurant.jpg Galangan.jpg
Gedung Candra Naya (1957)[19] Landhuis Kroet / Landhuis Van Majoor der Chinezen Khouw Kim An or "residence of Chinese Mayor Khouw Kim An"[20] 18th century[20] Khouw Tjoen (first resident)[20] 6°08′50″S 106°48′55″E / 6.147337°S 106.815284°E / -6.147337; 106.815284 Candra Naya.JPG COLLECTIE TROPENMUSEUM Een chinese woning in Batavia Java. TMnr 60009130.jpg
Gerbang Amsterdam or "Amsterdam Gate" (demolished in the 1950s) Amsterdamsepoort, Pinangpoort, Kasteelpoort 1744[21] 6°07′51″S 106°48′43″E / 6.130834°S 106.812062°E / -6.130834; 106.812062 1947 COLLECTIE TROPENMUSEUM De Amsterdamse Poort te Batavia TMnr 60004991.jpg
Gereja Sion De Portugese Buitenkerk 1695[14] E. Ewout Verhagen 6°08′17″S 106°49′05″E / 6.138009°S 106.817920°E / -6.138009; 106.817920 PintuGerejaSion hariadhi.jpg Algr001disp04ill55.gif
Gereja Tugu Portuguese Church 1676–1678, rebuilt in 1737, and later in 1748. Melchior Leidecker, later rebuilt by Julius Vinck[22] 6°07′26″S 106°55′27″E / 6.123844°S 106.924070°E / -6.123844; 106.924070
Government House or a 'Playhouse' (demolished) Huis van de Generaal/Speelhuis 1632-1650[6][7] anonymous 6°08′31″S 106°48′55″E / 6.141976°S 106.815156°E / -6.141976; 106.815156
Great Palace of Weltevreden (demolished in 1820, now Gatot Soebroto Army Hospital)[23][24] Great Palace of Weltevreden / Landhuis Weltevreden[24] 1761[23] for Jacob Mossel[23][nb 2] 6°10′36″S 106°50′12″E / 6.176726°S 106.836608°E / -6.176726; 106.836608
Weltevreden country house.jpg
Groeneveld (estate) Tandjoeng Oost Huis, "Gedong Tinggi"[26][27] 1756-1760[28] Pieter van de Velde (first owner)[28] 6°18′10″S 106°51′23″E / 6.302771°S 106.856292°E / -6.302771; 106.856292 Huis Groeneveld in Meester Cornelis te Batavia.jpg
Jembatan Gantung Kota Intan Engelse Brug[29] / Het Middelpuntbrug[30] / Grote Boom or "Large Tree Bridge"[30] / Djembatan Hoenderpasser Kali Besar or Hoenderpasserbrug or "Chicken Market Bridge" (1900s)[29][30][31] / Ophaalbrug Juliana (1938)[30] 1655 (after the demolition of earlier English Bridge, located 100 meter to the south),[6][29] 1937 (renovated)[30] 6°07′53″S 106°48′38″E / 6.131259°S 106.810579°E / -6.131259; 106.810579 Jembatan kota intan JKT.jpg COLLECTIE TROPENMUSEUM Dubbele ophaalbrug (Hoenderpasarbrug) Batavia TMnr 10014923.jpg
Kasteel Batavia Kasteel Batavia 1619[6] anonymous 6°07′40″S 106°48′41″E / 6.127854°S 106.811338°E / -6.127854; 106.811338 COLLECTIE TROPENMUSEUM Het Kasteel van Batavia TMnr 3440-11.jpg Andries Beeckman - The Castle of Batavia.jpg
Mesjid Luar Batang, Luar Batang Mosque Mesjid Luar Batang 1739 (established)[32] Sayid Husein bin Abubakar Alaydrus (founder)[32] 6°07′26″S 106°48′24″E / 6.123765°S 106.806533°E / -6.123765; 106.806533 COLLECTIE TROPENMUSEUM Moskee Luar Batang (Batavia) TMnr 60046455.jpg
Mohr Observatory (demolished in 1812) Mohr Observatory 1765 Johan Maurits Mohr 6°08′38″S 106°48′46″E / 6.143863°S 106.812911°E / -6.143863; 106.812911 Observatory-of-Mohr-Chinese-temple-1770.jpg Mohr2.jpg
Museum Bahari Warehouse 1652–1771 anonymous 6°07′36″S 106°48′30″E / 6.126753°S 106.808279°E / -6.126753; 106.808279 Abandon sampan.jpg COLLECTIE TROPENMUSEUM Weststraat Batavia TMnr 10014884.jpg
Museum Sejarah Jakarta Batavia City Hall (3rd) 1706-1710[33] W.J. van der Velde 6°08′07″S 106°48′48″E / 6.135348°S 106.813372°E / -6.135348; 106.813372 Museum fatahillah.jpg Batavia - Townhall 1770.jpg
Nieuwe Hollandse Kerk, "New Church of Holland" (destroyed by earthquake in 1808, Wayang Museum is now on its site) Nieuwe Hollandse Kerk, Groote Hollandse Kerk 1736 6°08′06″S 106°48′45″E / 6.134882°S 106.812603°E / -6.134882; 106.812603 Batavia - Townhall 1770.jpg AMH-7029-KB View of the new Dutch church on Batavia.jpg
Nieuwe Poort, "New Gate" (demolished) Nieuwe Poort 1627-1632[6] anonymous 6°08′18″S 106°48′50″E / 6.138424°S 106.813777°E / -6.138424; 106.813777 Nieuwepoort1682.jpg
Old Gelderland defence works (demolished after 1667)[6] Oud Gelderland 1622-1627[6] anonymous 6°08′06″S 106°48′56″E / 6.135031°S 106.815689°E / -6.135031; 106.815689
Oude Hollandse Kerk, "Old Holland Church" (demolished in 1732, bottom part still visible)[nb 3] Oude Hollandse Kerk / Kruiskerk, "Cross Church" 1640 anonymous 6°08′06″S 106°48′45″E / 6.134882°S 106.812603°E / -6.134882; 106.812603 Gereja Tua Belanda.jpg De-Kruis-Kerk-op-Batavia-1682.jpg
Oude Utrechtse Poort, "Old Utrecht Gate" (demolished) Oude Utrechtse Poort[nb 4] 1632-1650[6] anonymous 6°08′10″S 106°48′26″E / 6.136034°S 106.807207°E / -6.136034; 106.807207
Pasar Ikan, "Fish Market" Vismarkt anonymous Ciliwung 080710-0799 mb.JPG COLLECTIE TROPENMUSEUM Het Havenkanaal met de Boom en zeilschepen op de rede Batavia TMnr 60004893.jpg
Playhouse of Adriaan van Hafte Playhouse of Adriaan van Hafte 18th century anonymous Tanjung Priok
Raja Kuring Restaurant Carpenter's shop of the Chinese 1632-1635[6] anonymous 6°07′48″S 106°48′35″E / 6.130012°S 106.809692°E / -6.130012; 106.809692[7]
Spinhuis, "spinning-house for single women" (later merged with Chinese Hospital,[12] then demolished) Spinhuis, Spinhuys 1635-1650[6] anonymous 6°08′03″S 106°48′30″E / 6.134214°S 106.808318°E / -6.134214; 106.808318
SPINHUYS-1682.jpg
The Latin and Greek School (demolished)[2] The Latin and Greek School 1622-1627[6] anonymous 6°07′55″S 106°48′48″E / 6.131917°S 106.813228°E / -6.131917; 106.813228[6]
De Latynse School Batavia.jpg
Toko Merah see Toko Merah 1730[nb 5] for Gustaaf Willem van Imhoff 6°08′09″S 106°48′41″E / 6.135955°S 106.811285°E / -6.135955; 106.811285 Toko merah Kota Tua.JPG COLLECTIE TROPENMUSEUM Kantoor van de Bank voor Indië Batavia TMnr 10015467.jpg
Vihara Dharma Bhakti Jin De Yuan Klenteng 1650, 1755 (restored)[35] Kwee Hoen (Guo Xun-Gan)[35] 6°08′38″S 106°48′46″E / 6.143973°S 106.812736°E / -6.143973; 106.812736 Klenteng Jin De Yuan, Glodok, Jakarta.jpg COLLECTIE TROPENMUSEUM Een Chinese tempel in Batavia. TMnr 60007617.jpg
Vismarkt, "Fish Market" (earlier structure) (demolished) Vismarkt, Vischmarkt 1632-1635[6] anonymous 6°07′50″S 106°48′36″E / 6.130653°S 106.80995°E / -6.130653; 106.80995 VIS-MARKT-op-BATAVIA-1682.jpg COLLECTIE TROPENMUSEUM Olieverfschilderij voorstellende het Kasteel Batavia gezien van Kali Besar west met op de voorgrond de vismarkt TMnr 118-167.jpg
Waterkasteel (demolished) Waterkasteel / "Hornwerk"[36] 1741, 1750[37] anonymous 6°06′58″S 106°48′24″E / 6.116205°S 106.806601°E / -6.116205; 106.806601
AMH-4576-NA Map of the water fort at Batavia.jpg
Wooden former office building at Kali Besar Timur (abandoned) Various offices; Chinese shops (early 18th-century)[3] early 18th-century[3] anonymous 6°08′06″S 106°48′43″E / 6.134928°S 106.811904°E / -6.134928; 106.811904 Jakarta-wooden office2.JPG Batavia-wooden office3.jpg

Colonialism – late 18th century to 1870[edit]

After the VOC was formally dissolved in 1800 the Batavian Republic expanded all the VOC's territorial claims into a fully fledged colony named the Dutch East Indies. From the company's regional headquarters Batavia now evolved into the capital of the colony. In 1808 Daendels moved the old town center to higher ground to the south and urbanized the area known as Weltevreden. During the British interregnum Daendels was replaced by Raffles who governed until 1816.

Map of Batavia in 1840. Multiple villas started to appear to the south of the old Batavia.

As the Dutch become more securely established in the region, towns grew up beyond the walls of the fort.[2] Batavia, together with Semarang and Ujung Pandang, were the most important urban centers.[2] During this time, Batavia became congested and wealthier merchants and other powerful men began to build their residences on the outskirts of town and in the surrounding countryside.[2]

The period shows a gradual adaptation to the tropical climate form on the part of the Dutch colonial architecture. These new form of architecture is called Indische Stijl. Typical style during this period include large roof overhang, high roof and ceiling, and front and rear verandahs that opened on to gardens. Indies style can be described as a mix of Indonesian, Chinese, and European influence. Very often the local Javanese style limasan roof was employed, but with addition of 19th-century European architectural elements such as Tuscan columns, doors, windows, and a flight of three to four steps leading up to a verandah running the full width of the house.[2]

Neoclassicism was a popular style for buildings in Jakarta during this period, which is considered to be the best representation of the greatness of the empire.[38]

Last official name Former names Year Architect Location Latest image Oldest image
Aley Cramerus Residence anonymous
COLLECTIE TROPENMUSEUM De woning van Aley Cramerus in Batavia TMnr 60009324.jpg
C. Schultze Residence anonymous
COLLECTIE TROPENMUSEUM De woning van C. Schultze in Batavia TMnr 60009323.jpg
H. Vaupel Residence
COLLECTIE TROPENMUSEUM De woning van H. Vaupel gelegen aan het Koningsplein in Batavia. TMnr 60009320.jpg
J.J. Kunst Residence anonymous
COLLECTIE TROPENMUSEUM Het huis van het gezin J.J. Kunst in Batavia TMnr 60026527.jpg
M.C. Westerman Residence anonymous
COLLECTIE TROPENMUSEUM Het huis van de familie M.C. Westerman op Kebon Sirih 20 in Weltevreden Batavia TMnr 60026664.jpg
W.C. van Benthem Jutting Residence anonymous Kebon Sirih, Weltevreden
COLLECTIE TROPENMUSEUM De familie W.C. van Benthem Jutting voor hun huis aan de Kebon Sirih in Weltevreden TMnr 60048744.jpg
All Saints Church Engelsekerk, Gereja Inggris (original) / Church of the British Protestant Community (BPC) (1843) / All Saints Church (1950)[39] 1828[39] 6°11′00″S 106°50′06″E / 6.18335°S 106.835011°E / -6.18335; 106.835011
Armenian Church (demolished, now empty land near Bank Indonesia Thamrin building) Armeensche kerk 1831[40] 6°10′51″S 106°49′21″E / 6.180893°S 106.822408°E / -6.180893; 106.822408
Asrama Polisi Sektor Pal Merah Landhuis Kebayoran Lama / Gedung Tinggi or "tall building"[nb 6] / Rumah Grogol or "Grogol house" / Residence of Andreas Hartink 18th century[41][42] W.J. Van de Velde[41] 6°12′26″S 106°47′22″E / 6.207208°S 106.789482°E / -6.207208; 106.789482
Balai Kota DKI Jakarta see Jakarta City Hall 19th century[43] anonymous 6°10′52″S 106°49′44″E / 6.181220°S 106.828964°E / -6.181220; 106.828964 Balai Kota DKI Jakarta.jpg
Biara Santa Ursula, Kapel, dan Sekolah Santa Ursula; "St Ursula cloister, chapel, and school" Ursulinen Klooster, "Kleine Klooster"[44] 1859 (cloister), 1888 (chapel), 1912 (school) anonymous 6°10′07″S 106°50′03″E / 6.168618°S 106.834143°E / -6.168618; 106.834143 Smkursula.jpg COLLECTIE TROPENMUSEUM H.B.S. Het Groote Klooster in Noordwijk Batavia Java TMnr 10002312.jpg
Café Batavia (1991)[45] see Café Batavia 1837[45] 6°08′04″S 106°48′46″E / 6.134410°S 106.812740°E / -6.134410; 106.812740 Cafe Batavia, Jakarta.jpg COLLECTIE TROPENMUSEUM Het Stadhuisplein in Batavia TMnr 60027964.jpg
Church of Saint Mary Ascend to Heaven (1st form) (renovated in 1859) De Kerk van Onze Lieve Vrowe ten Hemelopneming (original) November 6, 1829 (inauguration) Monseigneur Prinsen (inaugurated) 6°10′08″S 106°49′59″E / 6.169013°S 106.833114°E / -6.169013; 106.833114
Church of Saint Mary Ascend to Heaven (2nd form) (collapsed in 1890) De Kerk van Onze Lieve Vrowe ten Hemelopneming (original) 1859 (renovation of the earlier form) 6°10′08″S 106°49′59″E / 6.169013°S 106.833114°E / -6.169013; 106.833114
Citadel Prins Frederik (demolished, on its site stands the Istiqlal Mosque, Jakarta) Citadel Prins Frederik[5] 1831[5] 6°10′13″S 106°49′51″E / 6.170386°S 106.830742°E / -6.170386; 106.830742 COLLECTIE TROPENMUSEUM 'Citadel 'Prins Hendrik' te Weltevreden' TMnr 10002113.jpg COLLECTIE TROPENMUSEUM Fort Prins Frederik in het Wilhelminapark Weltevreden (Batavia) TMnr 10015199.jpg
De Club Burger Societeit (demolished) Residence (1815, 1819) / Hotel Marine (1833)[46] 1815 6°10′03″S 106°49′13″E / 6.167613°S 106.820352°E / -6.167613; 106.820352 COLLECTIE TROPENMUSEUM Het Marine hotel in Batavia TMnr 3728-772.jpg
Dewan Kerajinan Nasional (February 24, 1992)[47] Residence / Office of Hamengkubuwono IX (1945)[47] 1860–1870[47] anonymous Jl. Prapatan No. 42 Kel. Senen, Kec. Senen, Jakarta 10410[47]
Galeri Nasional Indonesia See National Gallery of Indonesia 1817 G.C. van Rijk (commissioner?) 6°10′43″S 106°50′00″E / 6.178529°S 106.833276°E / -6.178529; 106.833276 National Gallery of Indonesia.JPG
Gedung A.A. Maramis Palace of Governor-General Daendels / Het Groote Huis / Het Witte Huis[nb 7] March 7, 1809[48] J.C. Schultze, completed by J. Tromp (1828)[48] 6°10′09″S 106°50′14″E / 6.169257°S 106.837096°E / -6.169257; 106.837096 Gedung Departemen Keuangan RI.jpg COLLECTIE TROPENMUSEUM Het standbeeld van J.P. Coen voor het Paleis van Daendels, het Grote Huis, aan het Waterlooplein in Weltevreden te Batavia TMnr 60042508.jpg
Gedung Kawedri (1987)[49] TNI AD Department of Health[50] / TNI Batalyon Kala Hitam headquarter (1949)[50] / Netherlands/Japanese/Allied Civil Defense Department (1942-1949)[50] / Hogere Burger School (1867)[50]/ Gymnasium Koning Willem III School te Batavia (original)[50] 1860 (school established)[50] anonymous 6°11′56″S 106°51′07″E / 6.198758°S 106.85183°E / -6.198758; 106.85183 National Library of Indonesia building.jpg COLLECTIE TROPENMUSEUM Een waringin op het terrein van de HBS Koning Willem III te Weltevreden Batavia TMnr 10021986.jpg
Gedung Kesenian Jakarta Stadtsschouwburg / Bataviasch Schouwburg / "Gedung Komidi" / Shintsu Tekijō[51] 1821[nb 8] J.C. Schultze 6°10′00″S 106°50′04″E / 6.166540°S 106.834417°E / -6.166540; 106.834417 Gedung Kesenian Jakarta.JPG COLLECTIE TROPENMUSEUM Schouwburg te Batavia. TMnr 60005553.jpg
Gedung Pancasila, Pancasila Building[52] / Gedung Departemen Luar Negeri or Building of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs[53] Residence of Hertog Bernhard (original)[52] / residence of Dutch Royal Army Commander / Volksraad or Council of the Indies Building or Raad van Indië (1918) / Dokuritsu Zyunbi Tyoosakai or Badan Penyidik Usaha-Usaha Persiapan Kemerdekaan[53] 1830[53] J. Tromp[53] 6°10′28″S 106°50′01″E / 6.174350°S 106.833632°E / -6.174350; 106.833632 Gedpancasila.jpg COLLECTIE TROPENMUSEUM De woning van de luitenant-generaal kommandant van het leger TMnr 3728-779.jpg
Gereja Immanuel, "Emmanuel Church" Willemskerk or "Williams Church" 1835–1839 J.H. Horst 6°10′36″S 106°49′55″E / 6.176703°S 106.832081°E / -6.176703; 106.832081 Gereja Immanuel, Gambir, Jakarta.jpg COLLECTIE TROPENMUSEUM De Willemskerk in Batavia TMnr 3728-794.jpg
Grand Hôtel Java (Demolished in the 1950s and replaced with Markas besar TNI Angkatan Darat (headquarters of the National Indonesian Army Land Forces))[54] Private residence (original)[54] / Grand Hôtel Java (1834) early 19th century anonymous 6°10′06″S 106°49′42″E / 6.168221°S 106.828216°E / -6.168221; 106.828216 COLLECTIE TROPENMUSEUM Luchtfoto van Rijswijk Batavia TMnr 60039933.jpg COLLECTIE TROPENMUSEUM Het Grand Hotel Java in Batavia TMnr 60015184.jpg
Hotel der Nederlanden (demolished and replaced with Bina Graha Presidential Office in 1969)[55][56] Pieter Tenzy residence (original)[55] / W.H. van Eijsseldijk residence[55] / Thomas Stamford Raffles residence (1811)[55] / Hotel Palace Royale (1840)[55] / Hotel der Nederlanden (1846)[55] / Hotel Dharma Nirmala (1950s)[56] / Markas Cakrabirawa (1950s)[56] 1794[56] ? 6°10′05″S 106°49′30″E / 6.167956°S 106.824918°E / -6.167956; 106.824918 COLLECTIE TROPENMUSEUM Hotel der Nederlanden Batavia TMnr 60027093.jpg COLLECTIE TROPENMUSEUM Hotel der Nederlanden Batavia TMnr 60043592.jpg
Hotel des Indes 1st form (renovated in 1930)[57] a residential / Hotel Chaulan (1828)[nb 9] / Hotel de Provence (1835) / Hotel Rotterdamsch (1854) / Hotel des Indes (1 May 1856) 1930 ? 6°09′56″S 106°49′11″E / 6.165495°S 106.819806°E / -6.165495; 106.819806 COLLECTIE TROPENMUSEUM Hotel des Indes in Batavia TMnr 60009042.jpg Hotel Des Indes 1875.jpg
Hotel Sriwijaya (1950)[58] Hotel Cavadino (1863) / Hotel Lion d’Or (1899) / Park Hotel (1941)[58] 1863 for Conrad Alexander Willem Cavadino 6°10′08″S 106°49′47″E / 6.168918°S 106.829860°E / -6.168918; 106.829860
Hotel Wisse (1891, replaced with Hotel des Galeries in 1920) Residence of Governor-General Petrus Albertus van der Parra / Hotel Ernst (1860-1891)[59] around 1750 for Governor-General Petrus Albertus van der Parra 6°10′01″S 106°49′16″E / 6.166930°S 106.821007°E / -6.166930; 106.821007 COLLECTIE TROPENMUSEUM Winkelstraat in Noordwijk Batavia ter hoogte van Hotel Wisse. TMnr 60007533.jpg
Istana Merdeka Governor General's Palace or Paleis van de Gouverneur-Generaal, "Gambir Palace" 1873 Drossares 6°10′13″S 106°49′27″E / 6.170170°S 106.824177°E / -6.170170; 106.824177 Merdeka Palace Changing Guard 1.jpg COLLECTIE TROPENMUSEUM Het paleis van de gouverneur- generaal op het Koningsplein in Batavia TMnr 3728-795.jpg
Istana Negara (1949) Residence of Jacob Andries van Braam (original); Schonburg Building; Paleis Z. E. Gouverneur Generaal te Rijswijk 1796–1804, 1848 (renovated after an earthquake)[60] ? 6°10′05″S 106°49′26″E / 6.168084°S 106.823956°E / -6.168084; 106.823956 COLLECTIE TROPENMUSEUM Het paleis van de gouverneur-generaal in Rijswijk Batavia TMnr 60043591.jpg COLLECTIE TROPENMUSEUM Het paleis van de gouverneur-generaal in Rijswijk Batavia TMnr 3728-773.jpg
Jakarta West Mole[61] Vuurtoren Batavia 1862 anonymous 6°06′18″S 106°48′19″E / 6.105129°S 106.805397°E / -6.105129; 106.805397 Sunda Kelapa 19th century lighthouse.jpg COLLECTIE TROPENMUSEUM Vuurtoren van Oud Batavia TMnr 10010408.jpg
Jean Belle Residence (demolished, replaced with Nederlandsche Handels Maatschappij te Weltevreden in 1910)[62] Jean Belle Residence[62] anonymous
J.P. Coen Statue (demolished on March 7, 1943 during Japanese occupation)[63] J.P. Coen Statue 1869[63] anonymous 6°10′10″S 106°50′13″E / 6.169353°S 106.836808°E / -6.169353; 106.836808 COLLECTIE TROPENMUSEUM 'Het standbeeld van J.P. Coen voor het Paleis van Daendels het 'Grote Huis' aan het Waterlooplein in Weltevreden te Batavia' TMnr 10015443.jpg COLLECTIE TROPENMUSEUM Militaire parade bij het standbeeld van Jan Pietersz. Coen op het Waterlooplein in Batavia tijdens de kroningsfeesten van Koningin Wilhelmina TMnr 60048906.jpg
Kimia Farma at Jalan Budi Utomo Loge nummer 14: ‘De Ster in het Oosten’;[64] Rathkamp Apotheek (early 20th century);[65] "Gedung Setan"[65] 1837 (established),[66] 1858? (probably the date of the building)[64] anonymous 6°10′04″S 106°50′09″E / 6.167657°S 106.835955°E / -6.167657; 106.835955 COLLECTIE TROPENMUSEUM Het oudste gebouw van de Vrijmetselarij in Weltevreden Batavia. TMnr 60005555.jpg
Kimia Farma at Jalan Veteran Volksapotheek te Rijswijk[67] 1857; 1913 (renovated) anonymous; 6°10′05″S 106°49′36″E / 6.168194°S 106.826802°E / -6.168194; 106.826802
Kleedingmagazijn M. De Koning in Noordwijk (Demolished in the 1950s, now Grand Brilliant Palace Restaurant) Kleedingmagazijn M. De Koning in Noordwijk[68] anonymous 6°10′02″S 106°49′39″E / 6.167146°S 106.827491°E / -6.167146; 106.827491
Magazijn Onderlinge Hulp in Noordwijk (demolished, replaced with Kantor Departemen Keuangan RI bagian KPPN (Kantor Pelayanan Perbendaharaan Negara)) Magazijn Onderlinge Hulp in Noordwijk[68] anonymous 6°10′01″S 106°49′37″E / 6.167054°S 106.827050°E / -6.167054; 106.827050
Mahkamah Agung or "Indonesia Supreme Court Building" Hooggerechsgebouw 1828 J.C. Schultze, completed by J. Tromp (1828)[48][69] 6°10′06″S 106°50′12″E / 6.168203°S 106.836664°E / -6.168203; 106.836664 COLLECTIE TROPENMUSEUM Kledingverkopers voor het gebouw van het Hooggerechtshof TMnr 20018025.jpg COLLECTIE TROPENMUSEUM 'Het Hooggerechtshof en het Paleis van Daendels het 'Grote Huis' aan het Waterlooplein te Batavia' TMnr 10015231.jpg
Menara Syahbandar De Uitkijk 1839[70] anonymous 6°07′39″S 106°48′33″E / 6.127527°S 106.809071°E / -6.127527; 106.809071 Watchtower Sunda Kelapa.jpg COLLECTIE TROPENMUSEUM Prauwen in het Havenkanaal bij de Uitkijk Batavia TMnr 60050812.jpg
Mesjid Jami Kebon Jeruk or "Kebon Jeruk Mosque" 1786[71] for Tuan Tschoa (Kapten Tamien Dosol Seeng)[71] 6°09′20″S 106°49′07″E / 6.155555°S 106.818506°E / -6.155555; 106.818506
De Militaire School te Meester Cornelis, Military School at Meester Cornelis (closed in 1892, demolished. Now stands the Army Department of Research and Development) De Militaire School te Meester Cornelis 1852 (opened) 6°12′33″S 106°51′36″E / 6.209288°S 106.860127°E / -6.209288; 106.860127 COLLECTIE TROPENMUSEUM De Militaire School in Meester Cornelis Batavia TMnr 60022681.jpg Meester Cornelis 1875 - 1900.jpg
Military Society Concordia (demolished in the 1960s, now occupied by Gedung A.A. Maramis II Departemen Keuangan) Military Society Concordia / Kantor Pusar DPR[72] 21 September 1833 (inauguration); 1836, 1874, 1990 (building extension) ? 6°10′13″S 106°50′16″E / 6.170186°S 106.837689°E / -6.170186; 106.837689 COLLECTIE TROPENMUSEUM De militaire societeit aan de oostzijde van het Waterlooplein op de hoek met de Sipajersweg TMnr 60001161.jpg
Museum Nasional, "Museum Gajah" Bataviaasch Genootschap van Kunsten en Watenschappen, "The Batavian Society of Arts and Science Building"[73] 1862 ? 6°10′35″S 106°49′20″E / 6.176434°S 106.822115°E / -6.176434; 106.822115 Gedung Gajah Museum Nasional.jpg COLLECTIE TROPENMUSEUM Het gebouw annex museum van het Bataviaasch Genootschap. TMnr 60005154.jpg
Museum Seni Rupa dan Keramik Palais van Justitie ("Justice Palace") 1870 ? 6°08′04″S 106°48′51″E / 6.134310°S 106.814212°E / -6.134310; 106.814212 Museum Seni Rupa dan Keramik Main images10.png COLLECTIE TROPENMUSEUM Het gebouw van de Raad van Justitie aan het Stadhuisplein Batavia TMnr 60016063.jpg
Museum Sumpah Pemuda Customs inspection office / Hotel Hersia (until 1951) / Residence (1937–1951) / Sie Kok Liong's Dormitory for students from outside Java (before 1928)[74] before 1925 anonymous MuseumSumpahPemuda.jpg
Museum Tekstil (1978) Residence; Headquarter of Barisan Keamanan Rakyat ("Front of People Safety"); Institution for aged people (1947) 19th century anonymous 6°11′17″S 106°48′35″E / 6.188019°S 106.809620°E / -6.188019; 106.809620 Musetextil.jpg
Office (building collapsed because of structural failure in 2015, demolished) NV Koninklijke Boekhandel en Drukkerij G Kolff & Co (1860-1921)[75][76] Before 1860 anonymous 6°08′03″S 106°48′43″E / 6.134228°S 106.811806°E / -6.134228; 106.811806 Book-tjipta-kota.jpg 1890 BENEDENSTADVANBATAVIAMETDEWINK.jpg
Oger Frères[77] (demolished, replaced with Singer Building in the 1930s) Oger Frères 1823 (store opened) anonymous 6°10′05″S 106°49′15″E / 6.168118°S 106.820704°E / -6.168118; 106.820704 COLLECTIE TROPENMUSEUM Rijswijkstraat Batavia TMnr 60043420.jpg COLLECTIE TROPENMUSEUM Sociëteit Harmonie en de winkel van Oger Frères in Batavia TMnr 60043590.jpg
Oude Katholieke Kerk, "Old Catholic Church" (demolished in 1830) before 1821 anonymous Weltevreden Batavia Oude Katholieke Kerk.jpg
Passer Baroe, Pasar Baru Passer Baroe 1821[78]
6°09′55″S 106°50′05″E / 6.165375°S 106.834602°E / -6.165375; 106.834602 Pasar Baru Jalan Pos 7.JPG COLLECTIE TROPENMUSEUM Pasar Baroe Batavia TMnr 10014850.jpg
Percetakan Negara Republik Indonesia, "Indonesian Republic State Printing" ()[79] Landsdrukkerij (original); Gunseikanbu Inatsu Kojo or GIK (1942-1945); Percetakan Republik Indonesia (1950) anonymous 6°11′26″S 106°51′23″E / 6.190694°S 106.856492°E / -6.190694; 106.856492 COLLECTIE TROPENMUSEUM Hoofdingang van de Landsdrukkerij Weltevreden TMnr 10013766.jpg COLLECTIE TROPENMUSEUM Fabriek van de stadsdrukkerij Weltevreden TMnr 10013765.jpg
Perpustakaan Nasional Indonesia at Jalan Medan Merdeka Selatan 6°10′52″S 106°49′37″E / 6.1811°S 106.826916°E / -6.1811; 106.826916 Perpustakaan Nasional Jakarta.JPG
Photographisch Atelier Walter Woodbury (demolished, replaced by Gedung Bina Graha) Residence of Van Dorp (original) / Photographisch Atelier Walter Woodbury (1861–1908)[80] before 1861 anonymous 6°10′04″S 106°49′31″E / 6.167701°S 106.825144°E / -6.167701; 106.825144 Woodbury House.jpg COLLECTIE TROPENMUSEUM Het woonhuis van de fotograaf Woodbury in Batavia TMnr 60009327.jpg
Post- en Telegraafkantoor te Weltevreden Post- en Telegraafkantoor te Weltevreden before 1880 anonymous Postweg (now Jalan Pos) Post en telegraafkantoor batavia.jpg COLLECTIE TROPENMUSEUM Het post- en telegraafkantoor te Weltevreden Batavia. TMnr 60005546.jpg
Postkantoor Weltevreden (demolished and replaced with a new building in 1913) Postkantoor Weltevreden 1853 anonymous
Rumah Cililitan Besar (deteriorated, occupied by squatters) Landhuis Tjililitan 1775 Hendrik van der Crap (owner) 6°16′08″S 106°52′15″E / 6.268915°S 106.87073°E / -6.268915; 106.87073 Rumah Besar Cililitan 1930.jpg
Rumah Sakit Cikini or "Cikini hospital" Raden Saleh Residence (original); Hospital and a Nurse Academy (1898)[81] 1852 Raden Saleh 6°11′28″S 106°50′28″E / 6.191153°S 106.841235°E / -6.191153; 106.841235 COLLECTIE TROPENMUSEUM Ziekenhuis te Batavia gevestigd in het voormalige huis van kunstschilder Raden Saleh TMnr 60043358.jpg COLLECTIE TROPENMUSEUM Het huis van de kunstschilder Raden Saleh door hemzelf gebouwd. TMnr 60005156.jpg
SKAHA (first floor) Assurantiekantoor Langeveldt – Schröder; Goedang Kakaco (Kerkhoff, Kerstholt & Co., Importeurs)[3] 19th century? anonymous 6°08′12″S 106°48′44″E / 6.136590°S 106.812355°E / -6.136590; 106.812355 Jakarta Indonesia Colonial-houses-in-Kota-Jakarta-05.jpg Jakarta-wooden office.JPG
SMK Santa Maria Groote Klooster[44] / Mater Dei (1920)[82] 1856[82] anonymous
Societeit Harmonie or "Harmony Society (Batavia, Dutch East Indies)" (demolished for road widening and parking area in 1985)[83] Societeit Harmonie 18 January 1815[nb 10] J.C. Schultze 6°10′05″S 106°49′16″E / 6.167927°S 106.821246°E / -6.167927; 106.821246 COLLECTIE TROPENMUSEUM Zwemmende kinderen in de Molenvliet ter hoogte van sociëteit Harmonie te Batavia TMnr 60022429.jpg COLLECTIE TROPENMUSEUM Societeit De Harmonie Batavia. TMnr 60009338.jpg
Topografische Dienst te Weltevreden Topografische Dienst te Weltevreden anonymous COLLECTIE TROPENMUSEUM Het kaartenmagazijn van de Topografische Dienst te Weltevreden TMnr 10003959.jpg
Villa Nova Villa Nova Before 1870[84] anonymous
Wilhelmina Exposition Pavilion (demolished) Wilhelmina Exposition Pavilion, Wilhelminapaviljoen before 1880 anonymous 6°10′12″S 106°50′13″E / 6.170018°S 106.836928°E / -6.170018; 106.836928 Plantetuin Batavia.jpg COLLECTIE TROPENMUSEUM Portret van dirigent Nico J. Gerharz met het volledige orkest van de Stafmuziek voor het Wilhelminapaviljoen van de militaire sociëteit Concordia Batavia TMnr 10011340.jpg
Zoological and Plant Society Main Building (demolished) Zoological and Plant Society Main Building COLLECTIE TROPENMUSEUM Gebouw in de Planten- en Dierentuin Batavia TMnr 60025159.jpg

Post Cultuurstelsel abolition – 1870 to mid 20th century[edit]

Map of Batavia in 1897

The abolition of the Cultuurstelsel in 1870 made way for the rapid development of private enterprises in the Dutch Indies. Numerous trading companies and financial institutions established themselves in Java, most of them settled in Batavia. Jakarta Old Town's deteriorating structures were replaced with offices, typically along the Kali Besar. These private companies owned or managed plantations, oil fields, and mines. Railway stations were designed during this period, with characteristic style of this period.[2]

Architecturally, neoclassicism fell out of favor to be replaced by Neogothic and Dutch Rationalism. Apparent architectural style were Nieuwe Kunst (e.g. Bank Tabungan Negara), Art Deco or De Stijl, and Amsterdam School. This architecture styles were also the tropical counterpart of the original style, resulting in a style called New Indies Style.

Two dominant architectural bureaus during this period were AIA Bureau (Frans Ghijsels) and AA Fermont and Cuypers Bureau (Eduard Cuypers).[2]

Colonnades are required during this period to provide protection against monsoon rains and tropical sun, which in turn transformed the appearance of buildings in the city centers.[2]

Colonial style in Jakarta lingered some years after the Japanese occupation of Indonesia in 1942, and further after the independence of Indonesia in 1945.

Last official name Former names Year Architect Location Latest image Oldest image
Bioscoop Manggarai or "Manggarai Cinema"
Binnacle (Schakelhuis) COLLECTIE TROPENMUSEUM Schakelhuis te Batavia TMnr 10006799.jpg
Frans Consulaat Koningsplein COLLECTIE TROPENMUSEUM Frans Consulaat Koningsplein Batavia 1940 TMnr 10014921.jpg
Electrification of the State Railway Company at Meester Cornelis (Electrificatie van de Staatsspoor- en Tramwegen (SS en T) bij het spoorwegstation te Meester Cornelis) COLLECTIE TROPENMUSEUM De electrificatie van de Staatsspoor- en Tramwegen (SS en T) bij het spoorwegstation te Meester Cornelis in Batavia TMnr 10014015.jpg
Modernist villas of Westerpark 1920-1930s COLLECTIE TROPENMUSEUM Villa's aan het Westerpark Batavia TMnr 10014864.jpg
Van Arcken and Co. Shop COLLECTIE TROPENMUSEUM De winkel Van Arcken & Co. aan de Molenvliet in Noordwijk te Batavia West-Java circa 1880. TMnr 60009496.jpg
Algemeen Delisch Emigratie Kantoor (A.D.E.K.), "General Deli Emigration Office" (demolished, now Inkoppol) Algemeen Delisch Emigratie Kantoor; internment camp ADEK(1942-1944); Bunsho I Kamp 8 (1944-1945); Relief camp (1945-1946)[85] 1920s? anonymous 6°12′14″S 106°50′55″E / 6.203975°S 106.848706°E / -6.203975; 106.848706 COLLECTIE TROPENMUSEUM Het hoofdkantoor van het A.D.E.K. (Algemeen Delisch Emigratie Kantoor) in Bandoeng TMnr 60014032.jpg
Aquarium, Akuarium Aquarium: Het Instituut voor de Zeevisserij (Dept. v. Econ. Z.) en het Kantoor voor de Prauwvaartaangelegenheden (Dept. v. Econ. Z.).[3] 6°07′33″S 106°48′31″E / 6.125700°S 106.808691°E / -6.125700; 106.808691 COLLECTIE TROPENMUSEUM Aquarium van het Laboratorium voor het Onderzoek der Zee Pasar Ikan (Batavia) TMnr 60016067.jpg COLLECTIE TROPENMUSEUM Laboratorium voor het Onderzoek der Zee Pasar Ikan (Batavia) TMnr 60016934.jpg
Artesian well at Batoe Toelis (demolished) Artesian well at Batoe Toelis COLLECTIE TROPENMUSEUM De Artesische put bij Batoe Toelies Batavia. TMnr 60005562.jpg
Artesian well at Koningsplein (demolished) Artesian well at Koningsplein 6°10′18″S 106°49′32″E / 6.171693°S 106.825636°E / -6.171693; 106.825636[86] COLLECTIE TROPENMUSEUM De artesische put op het Koningsplein Batavia TMnr 10010587.jpg COLLECTIE TROPENMUSEUM Het gebouw van de Artesische put op het Koningsplein te Batavia. TMnr 60005557.jpg
Artesian well at Meester Cornelis (demolished) Artesian well at Meester Cornelis 1881 Meester Cornelis COLLECTIE TROPENMUSEUM Gebouw van Artesische put bij Meester Cornelis Batavia. TMnr 60005560.jpg
Artesian well at Postweg (demolished) Artesian well at Postweg COLLECTIE TROPENMUSEUM Fontein van de Artesische put aan de Postweg te Batavia. TMnr 60005558.jpg
Artesian well at Salemba (Demolished) Artesian well at Salemba 6°11′37″S 106°51′00″E / 6.193574°S 106.849935°E / -6.193574; 106.849935[86] COLLECTIE TROPENMUSEUM De Artesische put bij Salemba Batavia. TMnr 60005559.jpg
Asuransi Jasa Indonesia West Java Handel Maatschappij[87] 1920[88] Eduard Cuypers, Hulswit-Fermont 6°08′03″S 106°48′46″E / 6.134176°S 106.812882°E / -6.134176; 106.812882 Jakarta Indonesia Colonial-houses-in-Kota-Jakarta-04.jpg TENT o405.jpg
Asuransi Jasa Indonesia De Nederlanden van 1845 (original)[89][90] 1913[89][90] Hendrik Petrus Berlage[89] 6°08′12″S 106°48′48″E / 6.136561°S 106.813296°E / -6.136561; 106.813296
Asuransi Jiwasraya (1957, original front facade has been demolished for road widening. In 2016, the original front facade was recreated, however in a clumsy style.)[91] Nillmij 1909–1910[92] P.A.J. Moojen and S. Snuyf[92] 6°10′01″S 106°49′24″E / 6.166923°S 106.823224°E / -6.166923; 106.823224 NILLMIJ-Jakarta.jpg
Asuransi Wahana Tata, Wahana Tata Insurance Office 19th century[93] unknown 6°08′06″S 106°48′40″E / 6.134973°S 106.811088°E / -6.134973; 106.811088 Athena-discotheque-Kota.jpg
Badan Pengawas Tenaga Nuklir (BAPETEN), "Nuclear Energy Regulatory Agency" Gebouw van Burgerlijke Openbare Werken,[94] Department of Public Works[95] before 1920[95] 6°09′50″S 106°49′11″E / 6.163912°S 106.819607°E / -6.163912; 106.819607 Badan pengawas tenaga nuklir.JPG
Bahtera Jaya Ancol Jachtclub Tandjong Priok[96] / Koninklijke Bataviasche Jachtclub / Kodja Bataviasche Yacht Club / Badan Keamanan Rakyat Laut headquarter[97] 1926[98][96] anonymous 6°06′44″S 106°51′50″E / 6.11211°S 106.863767°E / -6.11211; 106.863767 COLLECTIE TROPENMUSEUM Luchtfoto met de Koninklijke Bataviasche Jacht Club en de Unie-kampong in Tandjong Priok Batavia TMnr 60039936.jpg COLLECTIE TROPENMUSEUM De Jacht Club in Tandjong Priok Djakarta TMnr 60054785.jpg
Bank Mandiri - Jakarta Pintu Besar Nederlandsch Indische Escompto Maatschappij te Javabankstraat (1920) / Escomptobank NV (June 30, 1949)[99] / Bank Dagang Negara (1960) 1920[100]-1921[101] Eduard Cuypers, Hulswit-Fermont;[100]Van den Berg en Pichel[3] 6°08′11″S 106°48′46″E / 6.136417°S 106.812845°E / -6.136417; 106.812845 Escompto 5.JPG COLLECTIE TROPENMUSEUM Kantoor van de Nederlandsch Indische Escompto Maatschappij in Batavia TMnr 10015469.jpg
Bank Mandiri Nederlandsch Indische Escompto Maatschappij te Noordwijk 1934[102] A.A. Fermont[102] 6°10′00″S 106°49′32″E / 6.166780°S 106.825435°E / -6.166780; 106.825435 COLLECTIE TROPENMUSEUM Kantoor van de Nederlandsch Indische Escompto Maatschappij in Weltevreden Batavia TMnr 10015470.jpg
Bank Mandiri Chartered Bank of India, Australia, and China / Bank Umum Negara (1965)[103] / Bank Bumi Daya (1968)[103] 1920[100]-February 27, 1921[103] Eduard Cuypers, M.J. Hulswit 6°08′12″S 106°48′41″E / 6.136532°S 106.811417°E / -6.136532; 106.811417 Jakarta Indonesia Colonial-houses-in-Kota-Jakarta-01.jpg COLLECTIE TROPENMUSEUM Het kantoor van de Chartered Bank aan de Kali Besar West Batavia TMnr 10015461.jpg
Bank Mandiri - Jakarta-Kota branch Bank Export Import / Bank Bumi Daya (1960) / Nederlandsch-Indische Handelsbank, Binnen Nieuwpoortstraat (1940) April 1937 (start), 25 May 1940 (opened)[104] Wolff Schoemaker, assistant architect Ir. J.F.L. Blankenberg[100][105] 6°08′13″S 106°48′49″E / 6.137011°S 106.813704°E / -6.137011; 106.813704 Bank Bumi Daya Building, Jakarta Dec. 2012.jpg
Bank Sinarmas NV. Handelsvereniging / NV. Reiss & Co[106] 1914 Eduard Cuypers, M.J. Hulswit 6°08′09″S 106°48′41″E / 6.135787°S 106.811279°E / -6.135787; 106.811279 Sinarmas-kota.jpg Kalibesarbarat13 KantorNVHandelsver.jpg
Bank Tabungan Negara Office (1968)[107] Kantoor van de Postspaarbank (1920)[107] / Chokin Kyoku (1942)[107] / Bank Tabungan Pos (1945)[108] 1920, 1936 (renovated to current form)[107] RLA Schoenmaker (1920), J. van Gendt (1936)[107] 6°10′02″S 106°49′13″E / 6.167185°S 106.820338°E / -6.167185; 106.820338 COLLECTIE TROPENMUSEUM Kantoor van de Bank Tabungan Negara TMnr 20018037.jpg COLLECTIE TROPENMUSEUM Gebouw van de Postspaarbank Weltevreden TMnr 10014097.jpg
Banteng Building - Kantor Advokat dan Pengacara N.V. Gebr. Sutorius & Co. Handel Maatschappij (before 1932)[3] 19th century[3][109] anonymous 6°08′10″S 106°48′41″E / 6.136108°S 106.811337°E / -6.136108; 106.811337 Banteng building jakarta.jpg
Bappenas or "Board of National Planning and Development" Loge "Adhuc Stat",[66][110] 1858? (probably the date of the building)[64] 1925[110][111] Frans Ghijsels (AIA Bureau)[111] 6°12′02″S 106°49′57″E / 6.200663°S 106.832426°E / -6.200663; 106.832426
Bataviaasch Nieuwsblad (demolished) Bataviaasch Nieuwsblad newspaper 1927[112] Frans Ghijsels Jalan Pintu Air COLLECTIE TROPENMUSEUM Javanen lezen de opgeplakte kranten aan de voorgevel van het kantoorgebouw van het Bataviaasch Nieuwsblad TMnr 60046475.jpg
Bengkel Praktek Kerja Pendidikan Teknik (1974)[113] Nederlandsch Indie Gas Maatschappij 1924 Jl. Budi Utomo No. 3 Kel. Pasar Baru Kec. Sawah Besar Jakarta 10710
Bhanda Graha Reksa Offices[nb 11] 1922-1923[3] Van den Berg en Pichel[3] 6°08′10″S 106°48′44″E / 6.136135°S 106.812264°E / -6.136135; 106.812264 Bgr-kota.jpg AssurantiemaatschappijSluytersCo 19.jpg
Bioscoop Menteng (demolished in 1988, on its site stands Menteng Plaza)[115] Bioscoop Menteng 1949[115]-1950 (opened)[116] Han Groenewegen (Selle, De Bruyn, Reyerse & de Vries)[115] 6°11′00″S 106°50′03″E / 6.183443°S 106.834165°E / -6.183443; 106.834165 COLLECTIE TROPENMUSEUM De Menteng Bioscoop in Djakarta TMnr 60054768.jpg
BP7 Volksraad or Council of the Indies Building or Raad van Indië (1918) / Dokuritsu Junbi Chōsakai or Badan Penyidik Usaha-Usaha Persiapan Kemerdekaan[38] 1927[117] E. Kühr[117][118] 6°10′31″S 106°49′59″E / 6.175200°S 106.833073°E / -6.175200; 106.833073 Volksraad.jpg COLLECTIE TROPENMUSEUM Het gebouw van de Raad van Indië in Weltevreden Batavia TMnr 10015220.jpg
Building at Jl. Kunir no. 2[119] Geo. Wehry & Co Office building 1925-1928[3] A.I.A[3][120] 6°07′57″S 106°48′53″E / 6.132514°S 106.814826°E / -6.132514; 106.814826 Geo wehry co.jpg COLLECTIE TROPENMUSEUM Kantoorgebouw van Geo. Wehry en Co. in Batavia TMnr 60046479.jpg
Canisius College Canisius College AMS 1927 Opening 11 January 1930[121] Fermont-Cuypers [122] 6°11′09″S 106°50′03″E / 6.185809°S 106.834284°E / -6.185809; 106.834284 Kecak Kanisius.jpg
Carl Schlieper Gebouw (destroyed by fire on December 17, 1920, on its site was built de Factorij. Carl Schlieper Gebouw 1911[123] M.J. Hulswit 6°08′17″S 106°48′47″E / 6.138170°S 106.813085°E / -6.138170; 106.813085 COLLECTIE TROPENMUSEUM Stoomtram in Batavia bij het gebouw van de ijzerwarenfabriek van Carl Schlieper TMnr 10014232.jpg
Cipta Niaga Zee en Brand Assurantie[124] / Gebouw van de Internationale Credit en Handelsvereeniging Rotterdam[125] / Tjipta Niaga 25 May 1912[124][125] Eduard Cuypers, Hulswit[124] 6°08′04″S 106°48′43″E / 6.134519°S 106.811900°E / -6.134519; 106.811900 Tjiptaniaga-kota.jpg 1929 GedungInternationalecrediet-en.jpg
Departemen Energi dan Sumber Daya Mineral, "Department of Energy and Mineral Resources" Batavia Police Headquarter[126] 1925 (approximate)[126] 6°10′53″S 106°49′25″E / 6.181321°S 106.823529°E / -6.181321; 106.823529
Département Keuangan, "Department of Monetary" Ika-Daigaku Dormitory[127] 1942[127] Jl. Prapatan No. 10, Kel. Senen, Kec. Senen, Jakarta 10410
Departemen Pertahanan dan Keamanan, "Department of Defense and Security" (1964)[128] Rechts Hoge School[128] 1924[128] J.F. van Hoytema[128] 6°10′38″S 106°49′19″E / 6.177091°S 106.821867°E / -6.177091; 106.821867
Djakarta Lloyd Office (abandoned)[129] Asurantie Kantoor van Ongevallen verzekering mij FATUM en Onderlinge elvensverzekering van EIGEN HULP / Honda (2004)[130] 1890 6°08′03″S 106°48′45″E / 6.134077°S 106.812596°E / -6.134077; 106.812596 Jakarta Indonesia Colonial-houses-in-Kota-Jakarta-02.jpg Djakarta lloyd.jpg
Eigen Hulp aan de Molenvliet West (replaced with Postspaarbank office in 1920)[107] Eigen Hulp aan de Molenvliet West 1897[107] 6°10′02″S 106°49′13″E / 6.167185°S 106.820338°E / -6.167185; 106.820338 COLLECTIE TROPENMUSEUM De winkel van Eigen Hulp aan de Molenvliet West, Batavia TMnr 60000070.jpg
Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Indonesia, "Medical Faculty of the University of Indonesia" de Geneeskundige Hoogeschool, "Medical College"[131] / School Tot Opleiding Van Inlandse Artsen (STOVIA)[111] 1919-1926[131] Dienst B.O.W./H. von Essen[111] 6°11′42″S 106°50′56″E / 6.194962°S 106.848907°E / -6.194962; 106.848907 Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Indonesia.JPG COLLECTIE TROPENMUSEUM Medische Hogeschool in Weltevreden Batavia Java TMnr 10002387.jpg
Filateli Jakarta Main Post and Telegraph Office 1913[132] new front 1921 [133] J.F. van Hoytema[132] 6°10′02″S 106°50′02″E / 6.167137°S 106.833818°E / -6.167137; 106.833818 COLLECTIE TROPENMUSEUM Het hoofdpostkantoor met op de achtergrond de Istiqlal moskee in aanbouw TMnr 20018028.jpg COLLECTIE TROPENMUSEUM Geparkeerde auto's voor het post- en telegraafkantoor in Weltevreden Batavia TMnr 10015242.jpg
Former office of Nederlandsch Indische Handelsbank (NIHB) First office of Nederlandsch Indische Handelsbank (NIHB) 6°07′59″S 106°48′38″E / 6.133186°S 106.810616°E / -6.133186; 106.810616 Nimh-toshiba-other-kota.jpg 1938 KantorpertamaNIHB.jpg
Galeri Melaka, PT Perusahaan Perdagangan Indonesia N.V. Trading Company Deli - Aceh; Previously Borneo Company 1923 Eduard Cuypers and Hulswit 6°08′13″S 106°48′37″E / 6.137014°S 106.810401°E / -6.137014; 106.810401 Malacca Gallery.JPG KANTOORGEBOUW BORNEO (BATAVIA).jpg
Galeri Nasional Indonesia, Gedung B Bataviaasch Lyceum (See National Gallery of Indonesia) 1914[134] M.J. Hulswit [135] 6°10′41″S 106°49′58″E / 6.178118°S 106.832667°E / -6.178118; 106.832667 COLLECTIE TROPENMUSEUM Lyceum te Batavia TMnr 10002319.jpg
Gebouw van de Koninklijke Paketvaart-Maatschappij (KPM) bij de Sluisbrug (Demolished for road widening) Gebouw van de Koninklijke Paketvaart-Maatschappij (KPM) bij de Sluisbrug 1888 anonymous 6°10′04″S 106°49′53″E / 6.167754°S 106.831296°E / -6.167754; 106.831296 COLLECTIE TROPENMUSEUM Het gebouw van de Koninklijke Paketvaart Maatschappij (KPM) bij de Sluisbrug Batavia TMnr 60025925.jpg
GKI Kwitang Gereformeerde Kerk Kwitang 1924[136] J. Abell, W.F. Pichel[136] 6°10′53″S 106°50′19″E / 6.181490°S 106.838501°E / -6.181490; 106.838501
Perusahaan Listrik Negara, State Electricity Company Kantoor van Nederlandsch Indie Gas Maatschappij (1897)[137] 1897 6°10′50″S 106°49′58″E / 6.180478°S 106.832777°E / -6.180478; 106.832777
Kementerian Dalam Negeri, The Ministry of Home Affairs (demolished after 1960) Binnenlands Bestuur 1912-1915[132] J.F. van Hoytema[132] 6°10′09″S 106°49′42″E / 6.169078°S 106.828342°E / -6.169078; 106.828342
Kementerian Koordinator Bidang Pembangunan Manusia dan Kebudayaan Republik Indonesia, Coordinating Ministry for Human Development and Culture of the Republic of Indonesia Passagekantoor van de Rotterdamse Lloyd en de Stoomvaart Maatschappij Nederland[138] 1930[139] Fermont-Cuypers 6°10′20″S 106°49′21″E / 6.172329°S 106.822381°E / -6.172329; 106.822381
Koperasi Jiwasraya Der Levensverzekering Mij. Dordrecht te Weltevreden[140] 1913[140] Ed. Cuypers & Hulswit te Weltevreden[140] 6°10′02″S 106°49′18″E / 6.167095°S 106.821572°E / -6.167095; 106.821572
Gereja Katedral Jakarta (final form) De Kerk van Onze Lieve Vrowe ten Hemelopneming (original) 1901 Antonius Dijkmans, MJ Hulswit 6°10′08″S 106°49′59″E / 6.169013°S 106.833114°E / -6.169013; 106.833114 Jakarta Cathedral Afternoon.JPG COLLECTIE TROPENMUSEUM Kathedraal van Batavia aan het Koningsplein TMnr 60018402.jpg
Gereja Koinonia GPIB Bethel Jemaat Djatinegara (1961) / Bethelkerk (original)[141] March 28, 1889[141] 6°12′50″S 106°51′43″E / 6.213764°S 106.861818°E / -6.213764; 106.861818 Bethelkerk 1910.jpg
Gereja Pniel (1953) "Gereja Ayam" ("Chicken Church") / Haantjes Kerk[142] 1913-1915 (replacing earlier church built in 1850) Eduard Cuypers, Hulswit-Fermont[143] 6°09′39″S 106°50′03″E / 6.160909°S 106.834265°E / -6.160909; 106.834265 Gerejaayam.jpg
Gereja St Paulus (October 31, 1948) See St. Paul's Church, Jakarta 1936[144] Frans Ghijsels (AIA Bureau)[144] 6°12′02″S 106°49′53″E / 6.200499°S 106.831460°E / -6.200499; 106.831460 GPIB Paulus 2013.jpg COLLECTIE TROPENMUSEUM Een becak voor de protestantse kerk TMnr 10016601.jpg
Gereja St Yoseph Matraman, "St. Joseph's Church" St. Joseph Church Matraman 1906 – June 22, 1909[145] or 1924[146] Frans Ghijsels (AIA Bureau);[146] Ir Erawan Kartawidjaja (renovation in 2001) 6°12′30″S 106°51′35″E / 6.208243°S 106.859596°E / -6.208243; 106.859596 Gereja Santo Yoseph, Matraman, Jatinegara, Jakarta.jpg COLLECTIE TROPENMUSEUM Christelijke kerk vermoedelijk in Batavia TMnr 60046467.jpg
Gereja St Theresia, "St. Theresia's Church" Theresiakerk 1934[147] J.Th. van Oyen[147] 6°11′20″S 106°49′32″E / 6.188929°S 106.825490°E / -6.188929; 106.825490 St-Theresia-Jakarta.png COLLECTIE TROPENMUSEUM De St. Theresiakerk in Batavia TMnr 10016562.jpg
GKI Pinangsia, "Pinangsia Church" Geredja Keristen Tionghoa 11 April 1952 (opening)[148] 6°08′27″S 106°48′59″E / 6.140808°S 106.816266°E / -6.140808; 106.816266 COLLECTIE TROPENMUSEUM Kerk van Chinese christenen in Djakarta TMnr 10016580.jpg
Pasar Glodok main building Hoofdgebouw Pasar Glodok 1920[149] B.J.K. Cramer[149] 6°08′35″S 106°48′52″E / 6.142926°S 106.814401°E / -6.142926; 106.814401 Hoofdgebouw Pasar Glodok - Pasar Glodok Main Building (4751585366).jpg
Hotel Duta Indonesia (demolished in 1972, replaced with Duta Merlin Plaza)[57] Hotel des Indes 1930 Burhoven Jaspers[57] 6°09′56″S 106°49′11″E / 6.165495°S 106.819806°E / -6.165495; 106.819806 COLLECTIE TROPENMUSEUM Hotel des Indes TMnr 10017569.jpg COLLECTIE TROPENMUSEUM Voorgevel van Hotel des Indes te Batavia TMnr 60046497.jpg
Hotel Melati Hotel des Galeries 1914 anonymous 6°10′01″S 106°49′16″E / 6.166930°S 106.821007°E / -6.166930; 106.821007 COLLECTIE TROPENMUSEUM Het Molenvliet gezien vanaf het Hotel des Galeries Batavia TMnr 10014852.jpg
Jasa Raharja Zee en Brand Verzekerings Maatschapij Sluyters & Co / Assurantiekantoor Blom & Van der Aa, Assurantiekantoor Combinatie Sluyters & Co, and de Java-China-Japan Lijn.[3] / Lloyd Insurance (1950)[150] around 1911[3] anonymous 6°08′08″S 106°48′44″E / 6.135694°S 106.812086°E / -6.135694; 106.812086 COLLECTIE TROPENMUSEUM Voormalig assurantiekantoor langs de oostzijde van de Kali Besar TMnr 20018347.jpg 1943 KALIBESARTIMUR.jpg
Kantor Pelayanan Pajak Jakarta Tambora, "Tambora Tax Office" HSBC[106] 1910-1911[3] Following plan of Eduard Cuypers and Hulswit 6°08′08″S 106°48′40″E / 6.135680°S 106.811241°E / -6.135680; 106.811241 Kantor Pajak Jakarta Tambora.jpg Kalibesarbarat13 KantorNVHandelsver.jpg
Kantor Pos Cikini, "Cikini Post Office" Tjikini post kantoor Before the 1920s anonymous 6°11′14″S 106°50′12″E / 6.187273°S 106.836711°E / -6.187273; 106.836711 Cikini Post Office 01.jpg Tjikini Post Kantoor.jpg
Kantor Pos Kota, "Kota Post Office" Post- en telegraaf kantoor aan het Stadhuisplein 1929[111] R. Baumgartner[111] 6°08′02″S 106°48′48″E / 6.134022°S 106.813279°E / -6.134022; 106.813279 Jakarta Indonesia Post-office-at-Fatahillah-Square-01.jpg COLLECTIE TROPENMUSEUM Het post- en telegraafkantoor aan het Stadhuisplein in Batavia TMnr 10015384.jpg
Kerta Niaga (1966)[151] MUCH: Maatschappij voor Uitvoer en Commissiehandel 1915[152] Eduard Cuypers and Hulswit[3] 6°08′09″S 106°48′44″E / 6.135830°S 106.812145°E / -6.135830; 106.812145 Kerta niaga.JPG 1943 KALIBESARTIMUR.jpg
Komite Nasional Keselamatan Transportasi - Departemen Perhubungan, "National Committee on Sea Transportation Safety, Ministry of Transportation" Koninklijke Paketvaart-Maatschappij (original) / Japanese Marine Department (1942) 1916–1918[153] Frans Ghijsels (AIA Bureau)[153] 6°10′30″S 106°49′51″E / 6.174917°S 106.830969°E / -6.174917; 106.830969 Ministry of Transportation Building, Merdeka Timur.jpg COLLECTIE TROPENMUSEUM Luchtfoto met het gebouw van de KPM en de Willemskerk in Weltevreden Batavia TMnr 10015189.jpg
Kunstkring Art Gallery Bataviasche Kunstkring.

see Kunstkring Art Gallery

1913 P.A.J. Moojen 6°11′20″S 106°50′01″E / 6.188898°S 106.833497°E / -6.188898; 106.833497 Bataviasche Kunstkring 2012.jpg Nederlands-Indische Kunstkring - Dutch East Indies Art Club (6260453480).jpg
Lembaga Biologi Molekul Eijkman, Eijkman Institute for Molecular Biology[154] Eijkman Instituut 1914 (built), 1916 (inauguration)[155] H von Essen[155] 6°11′53″S 106°50′47″E / 6.198011°S 106.846399°E / -6.198011; 106.846399 Eijkmaninst.jpg COLLECTIE TROPENMUSEUM Aanzicht van het Centraal Geneeskundig Laboratorium te Batavia. TMnr 60012979.jpg
Lembaga Pendidikan Jurnalistik Antara, "Antara Institute of Journalism" see Gedung Antara 1920 [156] Reyerse & De Vries 6°09′57″S 106°50′02″E / 6.165816°S 106.833924°E / -6.165816; 106.833924 Antara news.jpg COLLECTIE TROPENMUSEUM Het kantoor van Antara News TMnr 20018023.jpg
Mesjid Cut Mutiah (1987) N.V. de Bouwploeg (original) / post office, Train Company (1942–1945) / office of Home and Religion (1964–1970). 1922 P.A.J. Moojen 6°11′14″S 106°50′00″E / 6.187285°S 106.833358°E / -6.187285; 106.833358 Cut-Mutiah1.jpg COLLECTIE TROPENMUSEUM Het kantoorgebouw van N.V. De Bouwploeg in de wijk Nieuw Gondangdia te Batavia TMnr 60042864.jpg
Metropole Bioscoop Metropol / Megaria 1932 Liauw Goan Sing 6°12′00″S 106°50′37″E / 6.200059°S 106.843688°E / -6.200059; 106.843688 Metropole Night.JPG COLLECTIE TROPENMUSEUM Becak bij bioscoop Megaria TMnr 20018029.jpg
Michiels Monument (demolished between 1942–1945)[157] Michiels Monument mid 19th century 6°10′16″S 106°50′00″E / 6.171074°S 106.833451°E / -6.171074; 106.833451 COLLECTIE TROPENMUSEUM Het Michielsmonument op het Waterlooplein te Batavia TMnr 60025929.jpg COLLECTIE TROPENMUSEUM Het Michiels Monument op het Waterlooplein in Batavia TMnr 60009342.jpg
Monument voor de Slag bij Waterloo (demolished) Monument voor de Slag bij Waterloo COLLECTIE TROPENMUSEUM Het Waterlooplein te Batavia met de kathedraal en het monument voor de Slag bij Waterloo TMnr 10016688.jpg
Monument for J.B. van Heutsz (demolished in 1960) Monument for J.B. van Heutsz 1927-1932[158] 6°11′13″S 106°50′03″E / 6.186994°S 106.834119°E / -6.186994; 106.834119 COLLECTIE TROPENMUSEUM Het monument voor J.B. van Heutsz TMnr 60036621.jpg COLLECTIE TROPENMUSEUM Het monument voor J.B. van Heutsz in Batavia TMnr 10015587.jpg
Museum Joang '45 (1975)[159] Hotel Schomper[159] / Ganseikanbu Sendenbu (1942–1945) / Asrama Angkatan Baroe Indonesia / Gedung Menteng 31 1920s[159] 6°11′10″S 106°50′12″E / 6.186098°S 106.836601°E / -6.186098; 106.836601
Museum Kebangkitan Nasional, "Museum of the History of National Awakening" STOVIA[131] 1899-1902[131] 6°10′43″S 106°50′17″E / 6.178718°S 106.838034°E / -6.178718; 106.838034 Stovia-fac.jpg
Museum Bank Indonesia De Javasche Bank 1909, extensions 1924-1928 / new frontbuilding 1937 Eduard Cuypers and M.J. Hulswit / Fermont-Cuypers 6°08′14″S 106°48′46″E / 6.137185°S 106.812856°E / -6.137185; 106.812856 Javaschebank.jpg COLLECTIE TROPENMUSEUM Kantoor van Bank Indonesia in Djakarta TMnr 10015482.jpg
Museum Bank Mandiri See Bank Mandiri Museum 1932[160] J.J. de Bruyn, A.P. Smits and C. van der Linde[160] 6°08′17″S 106°48′47″E / 6.138170°S 106.813085°E / -6.138170; 106.813085 Museum Mandiri.jpg COLLECTIE TROPENMUSEUM Luchtfoto van het gebouw van de NHM in Djakarta Kota TMnr 60054793.jpg
Museum Sasmita Loka Ahmad Yani residence of Ahmad Yani / residence 1930[161] 6°12′16″S 106°50′11″E / 6.204564°S 106.836524°E / -6.204564; 106.836524 MuseumSasmitaLoka1.jpg
Museum Taman Prasasti Europese Kerkhof 6°10′20″S 106°49′08″E / 6.172196°S 106.818946°E / -6.172196; 106.818946 Tombstones taman prasasti.jpg COLLECTIE TROPENMUSEUM Het Europese kerkhof in Tanah Abang met het monument voor pastoor Van der Grinten TMnr 3728-786.jpg
Museum Wayang Museum of Old Batavia (1939) / Geo Wehry & Co Warehouse 1912[2] 6°08′06″S 106°48′45″E / 6.134882°S 106.812603°E / -6.134882; 106.812603 Museum Wayang.jpg COLLECTIE TROPENMUSEUM Het museum van de Stichting Oud Batavia op het Stadhuisplein 39 TMnr 10000605.jpg
Nederlandsche Handels Maatschappij te 22 Noordwijk (Demolished in 1984, replaced with Kantor Departemen Keuangan RI bagian KPPN (Kantor Pelayanan Perbendaharaan Negara))[62] Nederlandsche Handels Maatschappij te 22 Noordwijk / "Factorij"[62] 1910 Eduard Cuypers M.J.Hulswit 6°10′01″S 106°49′39″E / 6.167017°S 106.827407°E / -6.167017; 106.827407 COLLECTIE TROPENMUSEUM Straatgezicht in Djakarta met een kantoor van de NHM en reclame voor Garuda Indonesian Airways en KLM TMnr 60054757.jpg COLLECTIE TROPENMUSEUM Filiaal van de factorij van de NHM langs de Molenvliet in Noordwijk Batavia TMnr 10015447.jpg
Office building at Jl. Taman Fatahillah no. 2 Gebouw West Java (WEVA) 1920[162] Eduard Cuypers and Hulswit-Fermont Jl. Taman Fatahillah No. 2 Kel. Penjaringan, Kec. Taman Sari Jakarta Barat
Old City Club Het Nieuws van den Dag (original) / Asuransi Ikrar Lloyd / Athena Discothèque 1925–1927[163] Reyerse de Vries architecten- en ingeniersbedrijf[163] / Ir. W. Selle 6°08′07″S 106°48′40″E / 6.135152°S 106.811078°E / -6.135152; 106.811078 Athena-discotheque-Kota.jpg
Oranje Brouwerij (demolished, now Kompleks Rukan Puri DeltaMas Bandengan) Archipel Brouwerij[164] Before 1939 6°08′16″S 6°47′57″E / 6.137692°S 06.799093°E / -6.137692; 06.799093 COLLECTIE TROPENMUSEUM Heropende bierbrouwerij van de 'Oranje Brouwerijen' aan de Amanusgracht in Jakarta TMnr 10001430.jpg
Pancoran Tea House[165] Apotheek Chung Hwa[165] 1928[165] unknown; PT Pembangunan Kota Tua Jakarta (JOTRC) and Jakarta Endowment for Arts & Heritage (JEFORAH) (restoration and alteration in 2015) 6°08′32″S 106°48′53″E / 6.142221°S 106.814604°E / -6.142221; 106.814604
Pasar Gambir Market Structures/Pavilions (demolished) Pasar Gambir Market Structures/Pavilions 6°10′44″S 106°49′33″E / 6.178931°S 106.825833°E / -6.178931; 106.825833 COLLECTIE TROPENMUSEUM De jaarmarkt 'Pasar Gambir' van 1934 te Jakarta Java TMnr 10002610.jpg
Pasar Ikan Pasar Ikan, Gemeentelijke vismarkt 1926[3] H.A. Bond & R.A. Ogilvie[3] 6°07′35″S 106°48′32″E / 6.126295°S 106.808886°E / -6.126295; 106.808886 COLLECTIE TROPENMUSEUM Het kanaal achter de visveiling 'Pasar Ikan' te Jakarta Java TMnr 10002552.jpg COLLECTIE TROPENMUSEUM De gemeentelijke vismarkt bij de Uitkijk Batavia TMnr 60016071.jpg
Pelayaran Bahtera Adhiguna The Ships Agency Ltd Office 19th century[166] 6°08′08″S 106°48′44″E / 6.135544°S 106.812098°E / -6.135544; 106.812098 Bahtera.JPG
Pertamina headquarter (1957), front section is rented to Bank Mandiri.[167] Batavia Petroleum Maatschappij (original)[167] / Japanese Military Headquarter[167] / General Staff of the Army (before 1950)[167] 1937-1938[168] Fermont-Cuypers, Th.C. Nix[168] 6°10′22″S 106°49′51″E / 6.172885°S 106.830722°E / -6.172885; 106.830722 Bank Mandiri Kantor Pusat Pertamina.jpg COLLECTIE TROPENMUSEUM Hoofdgebouw van de Bataafse Petroleum Maatschappij te Batavia TMnr 10014922.jpg
Rathkamp and Co. Pharmacy (demolished after 1948) Rathkamp and Co. Pharmacy 1912 Eduard Cuypers, Hulswit-Fermont 6°10′08″S 106°49′16″E / 6.168837°S 106.821009°E / -6.168837; 106.821009 COLLECTIE TROPENMUSEUM Harmonieplein met Rijswijkse straat te Djakarta West-Java TMnr 10014928.jpg COLLECTIE TROPENMUSEUM Apotheek Rathkamp en Co aan de Rijswijkstraat Batavia TMnr 10015317.jpg
Rumah Sakit PELNI Petamburan, "PELNI Petamburan Hospital" KPM Petamboeran Hospital[169] 1914–1915, 1920 (extension) Frans Ghijsels 6°11′35″S 106°48′13″E / 6.193155°S 106.803531°E / -6.193155; 106.803531 COLLECTIE TROPENMUSEUM Patiënten bij de ziekeninrichting van de Koninklijke Paketvaart Maatschappij te Weltevreden TMnr 60046463.jpg
Rumah Sakit Umum Dr. Cipto Mangunkusumo, "Cipto Mangunkusumo General Hospital" Medicinal warehouse for the Ministry of Health of the Dutch Colonial Government / Teaching Hospital (1919) / Het Centrale Burgerlijke Hospitaal (CBZ) or "Central Civil Hospital of Batavia" / Ika-daigaku Byōin (1942–1945)[170] 1919–1926[170] 6°11′50″S 106°50′51″E / 6.197111°S 106.847549°E / -6.197111; 106.847549 Ciptomangun-hospital.jpg COLLECTIE TROPENMUSEUM Het Centrale Burgerlijke Hospitaal in Batavia TMnr 60014756.jpg
Samudera Indonesia Commercial Fleet Division (Breakbulk & NVOCC) office building[171] Maintz & Co Office[171] 1920s[171] F.J.L. Ghijsels[171] 6°07′59″S 106°48′38″E / 6.132948°S 106.810554°E / -6.132948; 106.810554
Nitour Building[172] Singer and Nitour Travel Agency Building (early 1950s)[173] 1938[173] Fermont-Cuypers[174] 6°10′05″S 106°49′15″E / 6.168118°S 106.820704°E / -6.168118; 106.820704 Singer building.jpg COLLECTIE TROPENMUSEUM Harmonieplein met Rijswijkse straat te Djakarta West-Java TMnr 10014928.jpg
SMK Santa Maria Koningin Emma School[82] 20th century[82] Smk-santamaria.jpg
St. Aloysius Broederschool (demolished, on its site stands carpark of Pertamina Headquarter) St. Aloysius Broederschool[175] 1908 (construction) P.A.J. Moojen[176] 6°10′24″S 106°49′51″E / 6.173346°S 106.830867°E / -6.173346; 106.830867 COLLECTIE TROPENMUSEUM Gezicht vanaf het Nationaal Monument (Monas) richting Lapangan Banteng TMnr 20025716.jpg COLLECTIE TROPENMUSEUM De Broederschool aan het Koningsplein-West te Batavia Java TMnr 10002395.jpg
Stasiun Jatinegara Station Meester Cornelis 1910[177] S. Snuyff[177] 6°12′55″S 106°52′13″E / 6.215183°S 106.870276°E / -6.215183; 106.870276 Sta jatinegara.jpg COLLECTIE TROPENMUSEUM Luchtfoto van Meester Cornelis met het S.S. station Batavia TMnr 10014900.jpg
Stasiun Gambir 2nd form (post-independence) Station Weltevreden (1884) / Station Batavia Koningsplein (1937)[178] 1927[178] anonymous 6°10′36″S 106°49′50″E / 6.176660°S 106.830617°E / -6.176660; 106.830617 Gambir station Jakarta.JPG COLLECTIE TROPENMUSEUM Batavia Koningsplein met station TMnr 10014896.jpg
Stasiun Kota Spoorwegstation Batavia 1926 Frans Ghijsels 6°08′16″S 106°48′52″E / 6.137672°S 106.814421°E / -6.137672; 106.814421 Jakarta Kota Station.jpg COLLECTIE TROPENMUSEUM Voorgevel van het spoorwegstation te Batavia TMnr 60046483.jpg
Stasiun Manggarai Station Manggarai 1918 van Grendt 6°12′36″S 106°51′01″E / 6.210055°S 106.850247°E / -6.210055; 106.850247 Manggarai sta 100210-0803.jpg COLLECTIE TROPENMUSEUM Het in aanbouw zijnde spoorwegstation van Manggarai Weltevreden TMnr 10014230.jpg
Stasiun Pasar Senen Station Pasar Senen 1916, March 19, 1925 (inauguration)[179] J. Van Gendt, for Staats Spoorwegen (SS)[179] 6°10′27″S 106°50′40″E / 6.174223°S 106.844469°E / -6.174223; 106.844469 Pasarsenen sta 091220 0288.jpg COLLECTIE TROPENMUSEUM Perron Pasar Senen met gereedstaande treinen Weltevreden Batavia TMnr 10014014.jpg
Stasiun Tanjung Priok Spoorwegstation Tandjongpriok 1914 C.W. Koch 6°06′38″S 106°52′53″E / 6.110642°S 106.881511°E / -6.110642; 106.881511 Tanjungpriok sta 091220 0202.jpg COLLECTIE TROPENMUSEUM Het spoorwegstation van de 'SS en T' in Tandjong Priok TMnr 10014023.jpg
Station Batavia Koninsplein 1st form (renovated into current form in 1927)[178] Station Weltevreden (1884) 1884[178] 6°10′36″S 106°49′50″E / 6.176660°S 106.830617°E / -6.176660; 106.830617
Station Batavia Zuid (demolished) Station Batavia Zuid anonymous COLLECTIE TROPENMUSEUM Het voormalige station van de BOS ( Bataviasche Oosterspoorweg Maatschappij) het latere station Batavia Zuid van de Staatsspoorwegen (SS) in Batavia TMnr 10013995.jpg
Station Tandjong Priok (demolished in 1917) Station Tandjong Priok 1885[180] anonymous 6°06′40″S 106°52′51″E / 6.111039°S 106.880963°E / -6.111039; 106.880963
Taman Kehormatan Belanda Menteng Pulo or "Menteng Pulo Netherlands Field of Honour"[181][182] Ereveld Menteng Poelo 1947;[181] Simultaankerk, columbarium in 1950[182] H. van Oerle from Royal Netherlands Engineers[181] 6°13′22″S 106°50′23″E / 6.222654°S 106.839678°E / -6.222654; 106.839678 Mentengpulo.jpg COLLECTIE TROPENMUSEUM Kapel en koepeltoren van Menteng Poelau te Jakarta Java TMnr 10016610.jpg
Topografisch Bureau (abandoned and destroyed)[183] Topografisch Bureau 1868, 1907 (older building demolished and replaced)[183]
The Hermitage Hotel, Menteng Telefoongebouw Menteng (original) / Departement van Onderwijs en Eredienst / Office of the Central Indonesian National Committee or KNIP (1945-1946) / National Education Ministry (1950) / Department of Education and Culture (1968-1996) 1923-1924[184] anonymous 6°11′53″S 106°50′17″E / 6.198136°S 106.838039°E / -6.198136; 106.838039
Telefoonkantoor aan het Koningsplein (demolished) Telefoonkantoor aan het Koningsplein circa 1924[185] anonymous 6°07′53″S 106°48′38″E / 6.131250°S 106.810594°E / -6.131250; 106.810594 COLLECTIE TROPENMUSEUM Het telefoonkantoor aan het Koningsplein Batavia TMnr 10015250.jpg
Toko Tio Tek Hong Toko Tio Tek Hong 1902 owned by Tio Tek Hong 6°10′02″S 106°49′54″E / 6.167141°S 106.831749°E / -6.167141; 106.831749 Wash building.jpg COLLECTIE TROPENMUSEUM wasvrouwen en wasbazen aan het werk in het kanaal langs de Postweg Batavia TMnr 10014872.jpg
Toshiba Office John Peet & Co Office around 1920[186] Ir. FJL Ghijsels[186] 6°08′00″S 106°48′38″E / 6.133426°S 106.810650°E / -6.133426; 106.810650 Toshiba-kota.jpg 1920-30 KantoorgebouwvanJohnPeetCo.jpg
Unie Gebouw (demolished) Unie Gebouw 6°09′47″S 106°49′14″E / 6.163179°S 106.820677°E / -6.163179; 106.820677 COLLECTIE TROPENMUSEUM Kantoor Javabode drukkerij de Unie Batavia TMnr 60050521.jpg COLLECTIE TROPENMUSEUM Het Unie gebouw in Djakarta waarin het kantoor van de Java bode en Bintang Timur gevestigd zijn TMnr 60050511.jpg
Vereniging Toeristenverkeer – Official Tourist Bureau (demolished) Vereniging Toeristenverkeer te Rijswijk – Official Tourist Bureau 1910[187] 6°10′04″S 106°49′22″E / 6.167891°S 106.822847°E / -6.167891; 106.822847
Vliegstationgebouw Tjililitan (demolished) Vliegstationgebouw Tjililitan 1928 H.A. Breuning COLLECTIE TROPENMUSEUM De aankomsthal van het vliegveld Tjililitan nabij Meester Cornelis TMnr 60001160.jpg
Airport Kemayoran (dysfunction) Luchthaven Kemajoran (older structure demolished and replaced) 1938 Ex Apron of Airport Kemajoran, Jakarta.jpg Kemayoran Airport shortly after opening, Star Magazine 2.20 (August 1940), p45.jpg
Warehouse (abandoned, deteriorating) Dasaad Musin Concern / Residence of the Director of NV. Pabrik Tenoen Kantjil Mas, Bangil, Djawa Timoer / Gebouw Mercurius[3] 1920[3] Vromans[3] 6°08′02″S 106°48′46″E / 6.133967°S 106.812800°E / -6.133967; 106.812800 Dasaad musin.JPG Asuransi-jasindo-jakarta-kota.jpg
Wilhelmina Park Atjeh Monument (demolished in the 1950s, on its site stand the Istiqlal Mosque, Jakarta) Wilhelmina Park Atjeh Monument 1880-1882[188] Bart van Hove, Pierre Cuypers[189] 6°10′06″S 106°49′51″E / 6.168333°S 106.830884°E / -6.168333; 106.830884 COLLECTIE TROPENMUSEUM Ingang van het Wilhelmina park in Batavia centrum TMnr 60050528.jpg COLLECTIE TROPENMUSEUM Het Atjeh Monument in het Wilhelminapark Batavia TMnr 10015734.jpg

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ The location of the Vierkant point was earlier the location of the English lodge / Shabandar point which exist prior the establishment of Batavia.[6]
  2. ^ The house was bought by Van der Parra in 1767.[25]
  3. ^ The Old Church of Holland was demolished to make way for the organ that was too large for the church.[34]
  4. ^ Earlier it was the location of the Zeeland defence point to the west of Batavia.[6]
  5. ^ According to a plaque in front of Toko Merah.
  6. ^ so called because it was the tallest building in Grogol during the colonial area.[41]
  7. ^ Material for the building was collected from Kasteel Batavia, dismantled in 1809.[48]
  8. ^ The material for the construction of the building were taken from the 17th century Spinhuis in Jakarta Old Town.[51]
  9. ^ established by A. Chaulan and J.J. Didero.[57]
  10. ^ The construction of the building used the former bricks of the wall of Old Batavia.[17]
  11. ^ Firma TIEDEMAN & VAN KERCHEM / – NV. Assurantie Maatschappij "De Nederlanden van 1845". FATUM. LABOR. / NEDERLANDSCH-INDISHE, Zee-en Brand Assurantie Maatschappij / TWEEDE NEDERLANDSCH-INDISHE, Zee-en Brand Assurantie Maatschappij / KOLONIALE, Zee-en Brand Assurantie Maatschappij / TWEEDE KOLONIALE, Zee-en Brand Assurantie Maatschappij / Zee-en Brand Assurantie Maatschappij "De Oosterling" / NV. Cult. Mij. Bodjong Datar / NV. Landb.Mij. Dajeuh Manggoeng / NV. Cult.Mij. Gandasoli / NV. The Indo Java, Rubber Planting & Trading Cy. / NV. Cult.Mij. Juliana / NV. Landb.Mij. Kertamanah / NV. Lebak Palantations Cy.Ltd. / NV. Marywattie Tea Cy./ NV. Landb. Mij. Radjamandala / NV. Cult.Mij. Takokak / NV. Cult.Mij. Tandjong Oost / NV. Landb.Mij. Tjiletab / NV. Bombay Java Trading Cy[114]
References
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  4. ^ Gill 1998, p. 110.
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Cited works