List of colonial governors of Maryland

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The following is a list of the colonial governors of the Province of Maryland.

Maryland began as a proprietary colony of the Catholic Calvert family, the Lords Baltimore under a royal charter, and its first eight governors were appointed by them. When the Catholic King of England, James II, was overthrown in the Glorious Revolution, the Calverts lost their charter and Maryland became a royal colony. It was governed briefly by local Protestants before the arrival of the first of 12 governors appointed directly by the English crown. The royal charter was restored to the Calverts in 1715 and Governors were again appointed by the Calverts through the American Revolution.[1]

Colonial period[edit]

This list only includes legally appointed Governors, and excludes those who, during brief periods of rebellion, claimed themselves as Governors of the colony.

Number Name Picture Took Office Left Office
Proprietary Governors
1 The Hon. Leonard Calvert LCalvert 1634 1647
2 Thomas Greene 1647 1649
3 William Stone Stone 1649 1656
4 Lieutenant-General Josias Fendall 1657 1660
5 The Hon. Phillip Calvert 1660 1660
6 Charles Calvert, 3rd Baron Baltimore CCalvert 1661 1676
7 Jesse Wharton 1676 1676
8 Thomas Notley 1676 1679
9 Charles Calvert, 3rd Baron Baltimore CCalvert 1679 1684
10 Benedict Calvert, 4th Baron Baltimore[2] Benedict Calvert.jpg 1684 1688
11 William Joseph 1688 1689
Leaders of the Protestant Associators
1 John Coode 1689 1690
2 Nehemiah Blakiston 1691 1692
Royal Governors
1 Sir Lionel Copley 1692 1693
2 Sir Thomas Lawrence 1693 1694
3 Sir Edmund Andros Andros 1693 1693
4 Colonel Nicholas Greenberry 1693 1694
5 Sir Edmund Andros Andros 1694 1694
6 Sir Thomas Lawrence 1694 1694
7 Francis Nicholson Nicholson 1694 1699
8 Colonel Nathaniel Blakiston 1699 1702
9 Thomas Tench 1702 1704
10 Colonel John Seymour 1704 1709
11 Major General Edward Lloyd 1709 1714
12 John Hart 1714 1715
Governors of Restored Proprietary Government
1 John Hart 1715 1720
2 Colonel Thomas Brooke, Jr. 1720 1720
3 The Hon. Captain Charles Calvert[3] [4] Governor Charles Calvert.jpg 1720 1727
4 The Hon. Benedict Leonard Calvert Benedict Leonard crop.jpg 1727 1731
5 Samuel Ogle SamOgle 1731 1732
6 Charles Calvert, 5th Baron Baltimore CCalvert5 1732 1733
7 Samuel Ogle SamOgle 1733 1742
8 Sir Thomas Bladen 1742 1746/47
9 Samuel Ogle SamOgle 1746/47 1752
10 Benjamin Tasker 1752 1753
11 Horatio Sharpe Sharpe 1753 1769
12 Sir Robert Eden, 1st Baronet, of Maryland Eden 1769 1776

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Maryland Governor - Origin & Functions". Maryland Manual Online. Retrieved 2007-06-24. 
  2. ^ While Benedict Leonard Calvert, son of the proprietor, was technically Governor from 1684–88, though he was only an infant at this time. The actual governance was done by the Governor's council.
  3. ^ Yentsch, Anne E, p.55, A Chesapeake Family and their Slaves: a Study in Historical Archaeology, Cambridge University Press (1994) Retrieved Jan 2010
  4. ^ Chapelle, Suzanne Ellery Greene, p.306, Maryland: A History of Its People Retrieved August 3 2010