Page protected with pending changes

List of combat vehicles of World War I

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

British Mark I male tank

This is a list of combat vehicles of World War I, including conceptual, experimental, prototype, training and production vehicles. The vehicles in this list were either used in combat, produced or designed during the First World War. World War One saw the start of modern armoured warfare with an emphasis on using motor vehicles to provide support to the infantry.

Key[edit]

Little Willie
"Little Willie", the first ever completed tank prototype.
Renault FT
Renault FT, the war’s most produced tank.
Mother
"Mother", the first in the line of British heavy tanks of the war
* Concept
Experimental prototypes
Entered service post-war

Tanks[edit]

Tanks came about as means to break the stalemate of trench warfare. They were developed to break through barbed wire and destroy enemy machine gun posts. The British and the French were the major users of tanks during the war; tanks were a lower priority for Germany as it assumed a defensive strategy. The few tanks that Germany built were outnumbered by the number of French and British tanks captured and reused.

France
Germany
Italy
Russia
United Kingdom
United Kingdom & United States
United States

Armoured cars and trucks[edit]

A group of Belgian Minerva armoured cars

Most of the armoured cars of the war were produced by building armoured bodywork over commercial large car and truck chassis.

Austria-Hungary
  • Austro-Daimler armoured car[46]
  • Gonsior-Opp-Frank armoured car *[47]
  • Junovicz armoured car[48]
  • Romfell armoured car[49]
Belgium
Canada
Denmark
  • HtK46 armoured car †[54]
France
Germany
Italy
Poland
  • Pilsudski armoured car[65]
Russia
United Kingdom
United States

Self-propelled artillery[edit]

France
Germany
Italy
Russia
The Gun Carrier Mark I could transport a British field gun over difficult ground but in practice were used more for carrying supplies
United Kingdom
United States
  • Holt 55-1 3-inch AA gun †[110]
  • Holt Mark I 8-inch self-propelled howitzer †[110]
  • Holt Mark II 155mm self-propelled cannon †[110]
  • Holt Mark III 240mm self-propelled howitzer †[110]
  • Holt Mark IV 240mm self-propelled howitzer †[110]
  • Christie 3-inch AA gun †[111]
  • Christie 8-inch self-propelled howitzer †[111]

Armoured trains[edit]

Austria-Hungary
  • MAVAG Typ AE panzerzug[112]
Belgium
  • Light armoured train[113]
Belgium & United Kingdom
  • Heavy "Anglo-Belgian" armoured train[114]
Germany
  • Deutsches Heer armoured train[115]
Russia
  • Zaamurets armoured train[116]
South Africa
The LNWR built two armoured trains for the defence of the east coast of England
United Kingdom

Other vehicles[edit]

Canada
The Renault FT TSF carried a wireless telegraph set but no armament
France
Germany
  • Marienwagen I †[124]
  • Orion Wagen I (armoured tractor) †[19]
  • Treffas Wagen (armoured tractor) †[125]
Italy
  • Gussalli assault car[126]
Russia
Mark IX, the world's first specialised armoured personnel carrier
United Kingdom
United States

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Misner, "Cuirasse Aubriot-Gabet".
  2. ^ Misner, "Char Lourd FCM A".
  3. ^ B, "FCM 2C".
  4. ^ Misner, "Char Lourd FCM 1B".
  5. ^ Misner, "Char Peugeot".
  6. ^ Forty & Livesey 2006, pp. 132–133.
  7. ^ Forty & Livesey 2006, p. 75.
  8. ^ Misner, "Char 25 tonnes Saint Chamond".
  9. ^ Bishop 2006, p. 21.
  10. ^ Gale 2016, p. 117.
  11. ^ Malmassari 2010, p. 54.
  12. ^ Forty & Livesey 2006, p. 52.
  13. ^ a b c Zaloga 2006.
  14. ^ Foss 2002, p. 231.
  15. ^ Kempf & Clelland (ed.), "Friedrich Goebel, German Tank Innovator 1913-1917".
  16. ^ a b Forty & Livesey 2006, p. 88.
  17. ^ Strasheim & Clelland (ed.), "Leichte Kampfwagen (LK) Series".
  18. ^ Stone 2015.
  19. ^ a b c Rigsby & Clelland (ed.), "Orion-Wagen".
  20. ^ Hills, "Ansaldo Turrinelli Testuggine Corazzata".
  21. ^ Hills, "Fiat 2000".
  22. ^ Kempf & Radley, P (ed.), "The Mendeleyev Tank".
  23. ^ Martinez 2014, p. 4.
  24. ^ Milsom 1971, p. 13.
  25. ^ Milsom 1971, p. 19.
  26. ^ Hutchins 2005, p. 11.
  27. ^ a b Todd, Sautin & Radley, P (ed.), "The Flying Elephant".
  28. ^ Hutchins 2005, p. 6.
  29. ^ Hills, "Kupchak War Automobile".
  30. ^ Forty & Livesey 2006, p. 87.
  31. ^ Todd & Radley, P (ed.), "The Macfie Landships".
  32. ^ Forty & Livesey 2006, pp. 92–93 & 95.
  33. ^ Bishop 2006, pp. 16–17.
  34. ^ Bishop 2006, p. 17.
  35. ^ Moore, "Mark VI Tank".
  36. ^ Fletcher 2016, p. 145.
  37. ^ Fletcher 2016, p. 106.
  38. ^ Bishop 2006, p. 15.
  39. ^ a b Forty & Livesey 2006, p. 89.
  40. ^ Clelland, "Medium Mark D".
  41. ^ Forty & Livesey 2006, pp. 106–107.
  42. ^ a b c d e Forty & Livesey 2006, pp. 82–83.
  43. ^ a b Forty & Livesey 2006, p. 81.
  44. ^ Zaloga 2017, p. 11.
  45. ^ a b Rigsby & Clelland (ed.), "150 ton Field Monitor and the 200 ton trench destroyer".
  46. ^ Rigsby & Radley, P (ed.), "Austro-Daimler Armoured Car".
  47. ^ Hills, "Gonsior, Opp, and Frank War Automobile".
  48. ^ Kempf, "Junovicz Armoured Car".
  49. ^ Kempf & Radley, P (ed.), "Romfell Armoured Car".
  50. ^ Bishop 2006, p. 12.
  51. ^ History of World War I 2002, p. 850.
  52. ^ Zaloga 2017, p. 6.
  53. ^ B, "Jeffery No.1 & Jeffery-Russel".
  54. ^ a b B, "Hotchkiss mle 1909".
  55. ^ a b c d e f g h Misner, "Automitrailleuses et autocanons".
  56. ^ Kempf & Clelland (ed.), "Charron Armoured Car".
  57. ^ a b Forty & Livesey 2006, p. 364.
  58. ^ Bishop 2006, p. 27.
  59. ^ Lepage 2014, p. 172.
  60. ^ Kempf & Radley, P (ed.), "Marienwagen gepanzert".
  61. ^ a b B, "Lancia Ansaldo IZ/IZM".
  62. ^ Kempf & Radley, P (ed.), "Fiat-Terni Armoured Car".
  63. ^ Bishop 2006, p. 20.
  64. ^ Jackson 2010, p. 25.
  65. ^ Magnuski 1993, pp. 28–29.
  66. ^ B, "Armstrong-Withworth 1913".
  67. ^ Kempf, "Ivan" & Radley, P (ed.), "Austin-Kegresse Armoured Car".
  68. ^ Forty & Livesey 2006, p. 13.
  69. ^ Kempf, "Ivan" & Radley, P (ed.), "Izorski-Fiat Armoured Car".
  70. ^ Bullock & Deryabin 2003, pp. 11–12.
  71. ^ Kempf, "Ivan" & Radley, P (ed.), "Putilov-Garford Heavy Armoured Car".
  72. ^ a b B, "Mgebrov armored cars".
  73. ^ B, "Poplavko-Jeffery".
  74. ^ B, "Mgebrov-Renault".
  75. ^ B, "Russo-Balt Type C".
  76. ^ White 1970, p. 102.
  77. ^ Bishop 2006, p. 18.
  78. ^ White 2007, pp. 114–115.
  79. ^ a b c White 1970, p. 241.
  80. ^ White 1970, pp. 108–109.
  81. ^ Bishop 2006, p. 19.
  82. ^ Foss 2002, p. 141.
  83. ^ Foss 2002, p. 142.
  84. ^ Duncan 1970, p. 12.
  85. ^ Duncan 1970, p. 7.
  86. ^ Forty & Livesey 2006, pp. 366–367.
  87. ^ Bishop 2006, p. 139.
  88. ^ White 1970, pp. 115–116.
  89. ^ Foss 2002, pp. 139–140.
  90. ^ Foss 2002, p. 137.
  91. ^ White 1970, pp. 100–101.
  92. ^ White 1970, p. 108.
  93. ^ Rigsby & Clelland (ed.), "Davidson-Cadillac Armoured Cars".
  94. ^ Zaloga 2017, p. 15.
  95. ^ Zaloga 2017, p. 12.
  96. ^ Zaloga 2017, p. 10.
  97. ^ Bishop 2002, p. 150.
  98. ^ Clelland, "Renault FT 75 BS".
  99. ^ a b c Clelland, "Renault FT Self-Propelled Guns".
  100. ^ a b c Clelland, "St Chamond Self-Propelled Guns".
  101. ^ Hutchins 2005, p. 12.
  102. ^ Hutchins 2005, p. 7.
  103. ^ Knighton, "8 French Self-Propelled Artillery Weapons".
  104. ^ Harris, "Flakpanzer A7V".
  105. ^ Fleischer 2015, p. 83.
  106. ^ Forty & Livesey 2006, p. 273.
  107. ^ Pugnani 1951, pp. 161–162.
  108. ^ Baryatinsky & Kolomiets 2000.
  109. ^ Forty & Livesey 2006, p. 395.
  110. ^ a b c d e Clelland, "Holt SPGs".
  111. ^ a b Clelland, "Christie SPGs".
  112. ^ Kempf, "Austro-Hungarian Armoured Trains".
  113. ^ Malmassari 2016, pp. 51–55.
  114. ^ Malmassari 2016, pp. 55–57.
  115. ^ Malmassari 2016, p. 194.
  116. ^ Kempf & Radley, P (ed.), "Zaamurets Armoured Train".
  117. ^ a b Malmassari 2016, p. 244.
  118. ^ a b c Malmassari 2016, p. 242.
  119. ^ Malmassari 2016, pp. 243–244.
  120. ^ Hills, "Saczeany APC".
  121. ^ a b c Zaloga 2011.
  122. ^ Zaloga 2014, p. 5.
  123. ^ Gougaud 1987, p. 111.
  124. ^ Kempf & Radley, P (ed.), "Marienwagen gepanzert".
  125. ^ Rigsby & Clelland (ed.), "Treffaswagen".
  126. ^ Hills, "Carro d’assalto ‘Gussalli’".
  127. ^ Lucian, "Tsar tank".
  128. ^ White 1970, pp. 100–102.
  129. ^ Moore, "Killen-Strait Armoured Tractor".
  130. ^ a b Fletcher 2004, p. 36.
  131. ^ Foss 2002, p. 102.
  132. ^ Bishop 2014, p. 22.
  133. ^ White 1970, pp. 17–18.
  134. ^ Forty 1984, p. 34.
  135. ^ Foss 2002, p. 19.

Bibliography[edit]

  • B, David, Tank Encyclopedia, Beauharnois, Quebec, Canada
  • Baryatinsky, M.; Kolomiets, M. (2000). Armoured cars of the Russian army 1906-1917 (in Russian). Moscow: Technique-Youth.
  • Bishop, Chris (2006). The Encyclopedia of Tanks & Armoured Fighting Vehicles. Hoo, nr Rochester: Grange Books. ISBN 978-1-84013-907-5.
  • Bishop, Chris (2002). The Encyclopedia of Weapons of World War II. London: Amber Books. ISBN 1-58663-762-2.
  • Bishop, Chris (2014). The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Weapons of World War I. London: Amber Books. ISBN 978-1-78274-141-1.
  • Bullock, David; Deryabin, Alexander (2003). Armored Units of the Russian Civil War: White and Allied. New Vanguard. Oxford: Osprey Publishing. ISBN 9781841765440.
  • Clelland, Charlie, Landships II
  • Duncan, Major General N. W. (1970). AFV Profile 9: Early Armoured Cars. London: Profile Publications.
  • Fleischer, Wolfgang (2015). German Artillery: 1914-1918. Barnsley: Pen & Sword Books Limited. ISBN 9781473823983.
  • Fletcher, David (2016). British Battle Tanks: World War I to 1939. Oxford: Osprey Publishing. ISBN 9781472817563.
  • Fletcher, David (2004). British Mark I Tank 1916. New Vanguard. Oxford: Osprey Publishing. ISBN 9781841766898.
  • Forty, George; Livesey, Jack (2006). The World Encyclopedia of Tanks and Armoured Fighting Vehicles. London: Anness Publishing Ltd. ISBN 978-0754833512.
  • Forty, George (1984). A Photo History of Tanks in Two World Wars. Poole: Blandford Press.
  • Foss, Christopher F. (2002). The Encyclopedia of Tanks & Armoured Fighting Vehicles. London: Amber Books. ISBN 978-1905704-44-6.
  • Gale, Tim (2016). The French Army's Tank Force and Armoured Warfare in the Great War: The Artillerie Spéciale. New York: Routledge. ISBN 9781317031338.
  • Gougaud, Alain (1987). L'Aube de la Gloire, Les Autos-Mitrailleuses et les Chars Français pendant la Grande Guerre. Issy les Moulineaux: Societe OCEBUR. ISBN 2-904255-02-8.
  • Harris, Toby, Tank Encyclopedia, Beauharnois, Quebec, Canada
  • Hills, Andrew, Tank Encyclopedia, Beauharnois, Quebec, Canada
  • History of World War I. 3. New York: Marshall Cavendish. 2002. ISBN 9780761472346.
  • Hutchins, Ray (2005). Tanks and Other Fighting Vehicles. New York: Random House. ISBN 978-0-517-22985-9.
  • "Ivan", Landships II
  • Jackson, Robert (2010). Tanky a další vojenská vozidla. Praha: Grada Publishing. ISBN 9788024734668.
  • Kempf, Peter, Landships II
  • Knighton, Andrew, War History Online, Timera Inc.
  • Lepage, Jean-Denis G. G. (2014). German Military Vehicles of World War II: An Illustrated Guide to Cars, Trucks, Half-Tracks, Motorcycles, Amphibious Vehicles and Others. Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland & Co. Ltd. ISBN 9780786462520.
  • Lucian, Stan, Tank Encyclopedia, Beauharnois, Quebec Province, Canada
  • Magnuski, Janusz (1993). Samochody pancerne Wojska Polskiego 1918-1939. Warszawa: WiS. ISBN 83-86028-00-9.
  • Martinez, Maximino Argüelles (2014). Russian and Soviet Tanks 1914-1941. Maximino Argüelles. ISBN 9781291749540.[self-published source?]
  • Malmassari, Paul (2016). Armoured Trains. Barnsley: Seaforth Publishing. ISBN 9781848322653.
  • Malmassari, Paul (March 2010). "Les chars de la Grande Guerre". 14-18, le Magazine de la Grande Guerre (in French). Saint-Cloud: Soteca (No. 48). ISSN 1627-6612.
  • Milsom, John (1971). Russian tanks, 1900-1970. Harrisburg, Pa.: Stackpole Books.
  • Misner, Antoine (administrator), Chars français sur le net, Roubaix
  • Moore, Craig. Tank Encyclopedia. Beauharnois, Quebec Province, Canada.
  • Pugnani, Angelo (1951). Storia della motorizzazione militare italiana (in Italian). Stab. poligrafico Roggero & Tortia.
  • Rigsby, Tim, Landships II
  • Sautin, Eugene, Landships II
  • Stone, David (2015). The Kaiser's Army: The German Army in World War One. London: Bloomsbury Publishing. ISBN 9781844862924.
  • Strasheim, Rainer, Landships II
  • Todd, Roger, Landships II
  • White, Brian Terrance (1970). British Tanks and Fighting Vehicles, 1914-1945. Shepperton, Surrey: Ian Allen Ltd.
  • Zaloga, Steven J. (2017). Early US Armor: Tanks 1916–40. New Vanguard. London: Osprey Publishing Ltd. ISBN 9781472818096.
  • Zaloga, Steven J. (2011). French Tanks of World War I. New Vanguard. London: Osprey Publishing Ltd. ISBN 9781780962139.
  • Zaloga, Steven J. (2014). French Tanks of World War II (1): Infantry and Battle Tanks. New Vanguard 209. London: Osprey Publishing Ltd. ISBN 9781782003892.
  • Zaloga, Steven J. (2006). German Panzers 1914–18. New Vanguard. Oxford: Osprey Publishing. ISBN 9781472801760.

External links[edit]