List of common Japanese surnames

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Officially, among Japanese names there are 291,129 different Japanese surnames,[1] as determined by their kanji, although many of these are pronounced and romanized similarly. The top 10 surnames cover approximately 10% of the population, while the top 100 surnames cover slightly more than 33%.[2]

This ranking is a result of an August 2008 study by Meiji Yasuda Life Insurance Company,[2] which included approximately 6,118,000 customers of Meiji Yasuda's insurance and annuities.


  1. ^ 日本苗字大辞典 [Japanese Surname Dictionary]. 芳文館 [Houbunkan]. 1996. ISBN 4990058402.
  2. ^ a b "明治安田生命 全国同姓調査 [Meiji Yasuda Life Insurance Company - National same family name investigation]" (PDF) (Press release). Meiji Yasuda Life Insurance Company. 2008-09-24. Retrieved 2012-05-30.