List of municipalities in Prince Edward Island

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Map of Canada showing the location of PEI in red.
A map of Canada, showing Prince Edward Island in red.
Aerial view of Charlottetown, Prince Edward Island's capital and largest city
Summerside, Prince Edward Island's second largest municipality and only other city

Prince Edward Island is the least populous province in Canada with 142,907 residents as of 2016 and is the smallest in land area at 5,686 km2 (2,195 sq mi).[1] Prince Edward Islands's 73 municipalities[2] were home to 68% of its population in 2011.[3][a] These municipalities provide local government services to their residents. The remaining unincorporated areas have no local government.

Municipal status types in Prince Edward Island include cities, towns, communities and resort municipalities.[4] A city, town or community can be incorporated under Prince Edward Island's Municipalities Act of 1983 by a petition signed by at least 25 residents,[5] while the province's lone resort municipality was established by order in council in 1990.[6]

Prince Edward Island has 2 cities, 10 towns, 60 communities and 1 resort municipality,[6][7][8] which are distributed across three counties – Kings, Prince and Queens. Approximately 26% of residents live in the provincial capital of Charlottetown and another 24% live within the Charlottetown census agglomeration.[9]

Municipalities[edit]

Cities[edit]

Prince Edward Island has two cities.[7] Charlottetown is Prince Edward Island's capital and largest city by population with 36,094 residents and area with 44.34 km2 (17.12 sq mi).[3] It is part of a large census agglomeration which encompasses the middle of the island and is home to 69,325 residents, or approximately half the island's population.[9] The only other city is Summerside, the principal municipality on the west side of the island.

Towns[edit]

Prince Edward Island has ten towns that are incorporated municipalities,[10] which had a cumulative population of 23,533 in the 2016 Census.[9] The province's largest and smallest towns are Stratford and Georgetown with populations of 9,706 and 555 respectively.[9] Cornwall is Prince Edward Island's largest town by area with 28.19 km2 (10.88 sq mi) and Georgetown is Prince Edward Island's smallest town by area with 1.59 km2 (0.61 sq mi).[9] The province's newest towns are Borden-Carleton and North Rustico, which both changed from community status to town status on July 31, 2012 and November 16, 2013 respectively.[11][8] Every four years, towns elect a mayor and six councillors who are responsible for providing local services to the municipality. [7]

Communities[edit]

Prince Edward Island has 60 communities that are incorporated municipalities[7] of which 29 are recognized as census subdivisions by Statistics Canada.[3][8] These communities were previously designated villages or community improvement committees, but were all changed to communities under the Municipalities Act.[5] As of the 2011 census, the province's largest and smallest communities are Belfast and St. Louis with populations of 1,637 and 51 respectively.[3] Every four years, communities elect a chairperson and between 3 and 6 councillors who are responsible for providing limited local services to the municipality.[7]

Resort municipalities[edit]

Prince Edward Island has one municipality holding resort municipality status. The Resort Municipality of Stanley Bridge, Hope River, Bayview, Cavendish and North Rustico was established as a resort municipality in 1990.[6] The province's new Municipal Government Act, which received royal assent on December 15, 2016,[12] will allow this resort municipality to continue yet will prevent the establishment of additional resort municipalities in the future.[6]

List[edit]

Name County Municipal status Incorporation year[13] 2016 Census of Population[9]
Population (2016) Population (2011) Change Land area (km²) Population density
Charlottetown Queens City 1855
[b]
36,094 34,562 +4.4% 44.34 814.0/km2
Summerside Prince City 1877[c] 14,829 14,751 +0.5% 28.49 520.5/km2
Alberton Prince Town 1913 1,145 1,135 +0.9% 4.52 253.3/km2
Borden-Carleton Prince Town 1995[d] 724 750 −3.5% 12.99 55.7/km2
Cornwall Queens Town 1995 5,348 5,162 +3.6% 28.19 189.7/km2
Georgetown Kings Town 1912 555 675 −17.8% 1.59 349.1/km2
Kensington Prince Town 1914 1,619 1,513 +7.0% 3.01 537.9/km2
Montague Kings Town 1917 1,961 1,895 +3.5% 3.16 620.6/km2
North Rustico Queens Town 1954[e] 607 583 +4.1% 2.41 251.9/km2
O'Leary Prince Town 1951[f] 815 812 +0.4% 1.68 485.1/km2
Souris Kings Town 1910 1,053 1,173 −10.2% 3.47 303.5/km2
Stratford Queens Town 1995 9,706 8,574 +13.2% 22.53 430.8/km2
Abrams Village Prince Community 1974 272 267 +1.9% 1.26 215.9/km2
Afton Queens Community 1974 1,222[14] NA 39.8[14]
Alexandra Queens Community 1972 224[14] NA 10.4[14]
Annandale-Little Pond-Howe Bay Kings Community 1975 262[14] NA 31.8[14]
Bedeque and Area[15] Prince Community 2014 302 310 −2.6% 2.53 119.4/km2
Belfast Queens Community 1972 1,637[14] NA 229.6[14]
Bonshaw Queens Community 1977 218[14] NA 14.0[14]
Brackley Queens Community 1983 372 340 +9.4% 8.79 42.3/km2
Breadalbane Queens Community 1991 167 173 −3.5% 12.55 13.3/km2
Brudenell Kings Community 1973 362[14] NA 20.4[14]
Cardigan Kings Community 1954 269 332 −19.0% 5.12 52.5/km2
Central Kings Kings Community 1975 329[14] NA 73.7[14]
Clyde River Queens Community 1974 653 576 +13.4% 16.52 39.5/km2
Crapaud Queens Community 1950 319 345 −7.5% 2.15 148.4/km2
Darlington Queens Community 1983 109[14] NA 7.7[14]
Eastern Kings Kings Community 1974 702[14] NA 141.0[14]
Ellerslie-Bideford Prince Community 1977 357[14] NA 20.8[14]
Grand Tracadie Queens Community 1984 293[14] NA 12.2[14]
Greenmount-Montrose Prince Community 1977 258[14] NA 25.8[14]
Hampshire Queens Community 1974 420[14] NA 13.6[14]
Hazelbrook Queens Community 1974 172[14] NA 8.1[14]
Hunter River Queens Community 1974 356 294 +21.1% 5.97 59.6/km2
Kingston Queens Community 1974 794[14] NA 48.0[14]
Kinkora Prince Community 1955 336 339 −0.9% 3.82 88.0/km2
Lady Slipper Prince Community 1983 805[14] NA 112.4[14]
Linkletter Prince Community 1972 310 320 −3.1% 9.08 34.1/km2
Lorne Valley Kings Community 1978 106[14] NA 17.7[14]
Lot 11 and Area Prince Community 1982 635[14] NA 101.4[14]
Lower Montague Kings Community 1974 665[14] NA 21.8[14]
Malpeque Bay Queens Community 1973 1,029[14] NA 96.7[14]
Meadowbank Queens Community 1974 355 338 +5.0% 9.29 38.2/km2
Miltonvale Park Queens Community 1974 1,148 1,153 −0.4% 35.45 32.4/km2
Miminegash Prince Community 1968 148 173 −14.5% 1.90 77.9/km2
Miscouche Prince Community 1957 873 869 +0.5% 3.45 253.0/km2
Morell Kings Community 1953 297 313 −5.1% 1.46 203.4/km2
Mount Stewart Queens Community 1953 209 225 −7.1% 1.22 171.3/km2
Murray Harbour Kings Community 1953 258 320 −19.4% 3.89 66.3/km2
Murray River Kings Community 1955 304 334 −9.0% 1.47 206.8/km2
New Haven-Riverdale Queens Community 1974 485[14] NA 21.7[14]
North Shore Queens Community 1974 1,112[14] NA 45.4[14]
North Wiltshire Queens Community 1974 182[14] NA 12.3[14]
Northport Prince Community 1974 188[14] NA 1.8[14]
Pleasant Grove Queens Community 1980 496[14] NA 13.6[14]
Sherbrooke Prince Community 1972 159 172 −7.6% 8.85 18.0/km2
Souris West Kings Community 1972 399[14] NA 7.7[14]
St. Felix Prince Community 1977 348[14] NA 11.4[14]
St. Louis Prince Community 1964 66 51 +29.4% 0.62 106.5/km2
St. Nicholas Prince Community 1991 198[14] NA 20.6[14]
St. Peters Bay Kings Community 1953 237 253 −6.3% 4.27 55.5/km2
Tignish Prince Community 1952 719 779 −7.7% 5.87 122.5/km2
Tignish Shore Prince Community 1975 73[14] NA 1.5[14]
Tyne Valley Prince Community 1966 249 222 +12.2% 1.72 144.8/km2
Union Road Queens Community 1977 204 235 −13.2% 9.97 20.5/km2
Valleyfield Kings Community 1974 672[14] NA 78.6[14]
Victoria Queens Community 1951 74 104 −28.8% 1.46 50.7/km2
Warren Grove Queens Community 1985 356 367 −3.0% 10.18 35.0/km2
Wellington Prince Community 1959 415 409 +1.5% 1.78 233.1/km2
West River Queens Community 1974 741[14] NA 34.8[14]
Winsloe South Queens Community 1986 224 221 +1.4% 9.59 23.4/km2
York Queens Community 1986 284[14] NA 12.4[14]
Stanley Bridge, Hope River, Bayview,
Cavendish and North Rustico
[g]
Queens Resort municipality 1990 328 266 +23.3% 37.79 8.7/km2
Total cities 50,923 49,313 +3.3% 72.83 699.2/km2
Total towns 23,533 22,272 +5.7% 83.55 281.7/km2
Total communities ' 25,611 NA
Total resort municipalities 328 266 +23.3% 37.79 8.7/km2
Total municipalities ' 97,462 NA
Province of Prince Edward Island 142,907 140,204 +1.9% 5,686.03 25.1/km2

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Data from the 2016 census is incomplete
  2. ^ Amalgamated with adjacent municipalities in 1995
  3. ^ Incorporated as a city in 1995
  4. ^ Incorporated as a town in 2012
  5. ^ Incorporated as a town in 2013
  6. ^ Incorporated as a town in 2014
  7. ^ Official legal name is the "Resort Municipality of Stanley Bridge, Hope River, Bayview, Cavendish and North Rustico.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, 2011 and 2006 censuses". Statistics Canada. January 30, 2013. Retrieved December 4, 2013. 
  2. ^ "Municipal Affairs and Provincial Planning: Municipalities". Department of Finance, Energy and Municipal Affairs. August 15, 2012. Retrieved July 21, 2013. 
  3. ^ a b c d "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, and census subdivisions (municipalities), 2011 and 2006 censuses (Prince Edward Island)". Statistics Canada. January 1, 2013. Retrieved May 19, 2013. 
  4. ^ "Existing Municipalities and New Municipalities – Municipal Government Act". Government of Prince Edward Island. September 7, 2016. Retrieved December 28, 2016. 
  5. ^ a b "Municipalities Act" (PDF). Legislative Counsel Office. December 6, 2013. Retrieved November 1, 2014. 
  6. ^ a b c d e "Bill No. 58: Municipal Government Act" (PDF). Prince Edward Island Queen's Printer. 2016. Retrieved December 28, 2016. 
  7. ^ a b c d e "Municipal Affairs and Provincial Planning". Department of Finance, Energy and Municipal Affairs. Retrieved July 21, 2013. 
  8. ^ a b c "EC2013-782" (PDF) (PDF). Prince Edward Island Executive Council. November 5, 2013. p. 3. Retrieved November 24, 2013. 
  9. ^ a b c d e f "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, and census subdivisions (municipalities), 2016 and 2011 censuses – 100% data (Prince Edward Island)". Statistics Canada. February 6, 2017. Retrieved February 11, 2017. 
  10. ^ "Municipal Affairs and Provincial Planning". Department of Finance, Energy and Municipal Affairs. Retrieved July 21, 2013. 
  11. ^ "EC2012-443" (PDF) (PDF). Prince Edward Island Executive Council. July 31, 2012. p. 9. Retrieved November 24, 2013. 
  12. ^ "Progress of Bills: Bill No. 58, Municipal Government Act". Legislative Assembly of Prince Edward Island. Retrieved December 28, 2016. 
  13. ^ "Municipal Affairs and Provincial Planning". Department of Finance, Energy and Municipal Affairs. Retrieved February 7, 2015. 
  14. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj bk bl "Prince Edward Island Municipal Boundaries" (PDF). Prince Edward Island Communities, Land and Environment. Retrieved December 29, 2016. 
  15. ^ http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/census-recensement/2016/dp-pd/prof/details/page.cfm?Lang=E&Geo1=CSD&Code1=1103015&Geo2=CD&Code2=1103&Data=Count&SearchText=bedeque&SearchType=Begins&SearchPR=01&B1=All&TABID=1

External links[edit]