List of companies involved in the Holocaust

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This list includes corporations that were in existence during World War II and that are documented to have profited from participation in the Holocaust.

Company name Year established Place of origin
Deutsche Wirtschaftsbetriebe[citation needed] Unknown Germany
Eisenwerke Oberdonau[citation needed] Unknown
Flugmotorenwerke Ostmark[citation needed] Unknown Lower Austria, Austria
Krupp[1][2] (now part of ThyssenKrupp) 1811 Essen, Germany
Sulzer[3] 1834 Winterthur, Switzerland
Degussa AG (now Evonik Industries)[4][5][6] 1843 Frankfurt, Germany
Siemens[7][6] 1847 Kreuzberg, Berlin, Germany
Opel[citation needed] 1862 Rüsselsheim am Main, Germany
Bayer[8][6] 1863 Barmen, Germany
Steyr-Daimler-Puch[9] 1864 Steyr, Austria
BASF[10][6] 1865 Mannheim, Germany
Deutsche Bank[11][6] 1870 Berlin, Germany
Hoesch AG[6] 1871 Dortmund, Germany
Dresdner Bank[12][13][6] 1872 Dresden, Germany
Topf and Sons[14] 1878 Erfurt, Germany
Deutsche Bergwerks- und Hüttenbau[15] Late 1800s Germany
Franz Eher Nachfolger[16] 1887 Munich, Germany
Accumulatoren-Fabrik AFA[17] 1888 Hagen, Germany
Allianz[18] 1890 Berlin, Germany
Thyssen AG (now part of ThyssenKrupp)[6] 1891 Hamborn, Germany
Dehomag (a subsidiary of IBM)[19][20][21] 1896 Germany
Audi (Auto Union)[22] 1910 Zwickau, Germany
BMW[23][24][6] 1916 Munich, Germany
Hugo Boss[25] 1924 Metzingen, Germany
Ford Germany[26] 1925 Berlin, Germany
IG Farben[1] 1925 Frankfurt am Main, Germany
Mercedes-Benz (as well as then owner, Daimler-Benz)[27][28][6] 1926 Stuttgart, Germany
Porsche[29] 1931 Stuttgart, Germany
Reichswerke Hermann Göring[30] 1937 Berlin, Germany
Volkswagen Group[31][29][6] 1937 Berlin, Germany
DEST[32] 1938 Berlin, Germany
Chase National Bank[33][34][35] 1877 Manhattan, New York State, USA
Barclays Bank[36][37] 1690 City of London, Kingdom of England

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Göring, Hermann,; Weinberg, Gerhard L.; International Military Tribunal. (1971). Trial of the major war criminals before the International Military Tribunal, Nuremberg, 14 November 1945-1 October 1946. IX. Nuremberg Ger. ISBN 978-0-404-53650-3. 
  2. ^ "Krupp AG | German company". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 2018-02-17. 
  3. ^ Switzerland, National Socialism and the Second World War: Final Report. Contributed to by Jean-François Bergier. Berghahn Books. 2003. ISBN 9783858426031. 
  4. ^ Wiesen, S. Jonathan (2005-11-16). "From Cooperation to Complicity: Degussa in the Third Reich (review)". Holocaust and Genocide Studies. 19 (3): 528–531. ISSN 1476-7937. 
  5. ^ Bernstein, Richard (2003-11-14). "Berlin Holocaust Shrine Stays With Company Tied to Nazi Gas". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2018-02-18. 
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "German industry unveils Holocaust fund". BBC News. 1999-02-16. Retrieved 2018-02-18. 
  7. ^ Wiesen, S. Jonathan (2012-10-30). "German Industry and the Third Reich: Fifty Years of Forgetting and Remembering". Braun Holocaust Institute. "Anti-Defamation League". Archived from the original on 2012-10-30. Retrieved 2013-09-19. 
  8. ^ Moskowitz, Sanford L. (2009). "Bayer". In Charles Wankel (ed.). Encyclopedia of Business in Today's World. 1. SAGE Publications. pp. 126–128. 
  9. ^ Orth, Karin (2010). "Camps". In Peter Hayes, John K. Roth (eds.). The Oxford handbook of Holocaust studies. New York: Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/oxfordhb/9780199211869.003.0025. ISBN 978-0-19-921186-9. 
  10. ^ "IG Farben to be dissolved". BBC. 2001-09-17. Retrieved 2018-02-18. 
  11. ^ Schmid, John; Tribune, International Herald (1999-02-05). "Deutsche Bank Linked To Auschwitz Funding". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2018-02-17. 
  12. ^ Young, Marc (2006-02-18). "Dresdner Bank and the Third Reich: Hitler's Willing Bankers". Spiegel Online. Retrieved 2018-02-18. 
  13. ^ (www.dw.com), Deutsche Welle. "Report: German Bank Helped Build Auschwitz | Business| Economy and finance news from a German perspective | DW | 23.01.2006". DW.COM. Retrieved 2018-02-18. 
  14. ^ Alan Rosenberg; Gerald Eugene Myers (2009). Echoes From The Holocaust: Philosophical Reflections on a Dark Time. Temple University Press. p. 276. ISBN 978-1-4399-0161-8. 
  15. ^ Tuvia Friling (1 July 2014). A Jewish Kapo in Auschwitz: History, Memory, and the Politics of Survival. Brandeis University Press. p. 52. ISBN 978-1-61168-587-9. 
  16. ^ Tavernaro, Thomas (2004). Der Verlag Hitlers und der NSDAP: die Franz Eher Nachfolger GmbH. Wien: Edition Praesens. ISBN 978-3-7069-0220-5. 
  17. ^ Edmondson, Gail (2007-10-10). "BMW's Quandt Family Faces Its Nazi Past". Bloomberg Businessweek. 
  18. ^ Richard Sandomir (September 10, 2008). "Naming Rights and Historical Wrongs". New York Times. Retrieved July 16, 2013. 
  19. ^ Edwin Black (2001). IBM and the Holocaust: The Strategic Alliance Between Nazi Germany and America's Most Powerful Corporation. ISBN 0-316-85769-6. 
  20. ^ Martin Campbell-Kelly and William Aspray, "Computer a History of the Information Machine – Second Edition", Westview Press, p. 37, 2004.
  21. ^ See IBM during World War II
  22. ^ "Chronicle 1930-1944". Audi. Archived from the original on 4 February 2009. Retrieved 4 February 2009. 
  23. ^ "MUNICH-ALLACH: WORKING FOR BMW". www.ausstellung-zwangsarbeit.org. Archived from the original on 3 April 2016. 
  24. ^ Kay, Anthony (2002). German Jet Engine and Gas Turbine Development 1930–1945. Airlife Publishing. ISBN 9781840372946. 
  25. ^ Köster, Roman. "Hugo Boss, 1924-1945. A Clothing Factory During the Weimar Republic and Third Reich" (PDF). Retrieved 17 February 2018. 
  26. ^ Wallace, Max. (2003). The American axis: Henry Ford, Charles Lindbergh, and the rise of the Third Reich. New York: St. Martin’s Press.
  27. ^ Services, From Times Wire (1988-06-12). "Daimler-Benz to Pay $12 Million for War Forced Labor". Los Angeles Times. ISSN 0458-3035. Retrieved 2018-02-17. 
  28. ^ Klara, Robert (2015-09-13). "Hitler's car exerts grim fascination even if it just gave the Führer a lift to the airport". the Guardian. Retrieved 2018-02-17. 
  29. ^ a b Hawranek, Dietmar (2009-07-21). "Designing Cars for Hitler: Porsche and Volkswagen's Nazi Roots". Spiegel Online. Retrieved 2018-02-17. 
  30. ^ Overy, R.J. (1995). War and economy in the Third Reich. Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-820599-6. 
  31. ^ Clairmont, Frederic F. "Volkswagen's history of forced labor". Le Monde Diplomatique. Retrieved 3 September 2011. 
  32. ^ Rudolf A. Haunschmied; Jan-Ruth Mills; Siegi Witzany-Durda (2007). St. Georgen - Gusen - Mauthausen: Concentration Camp Mauthausen Reconsidered. BoD – Books on Demand. p. 45. ISBN 978-3-8334-7440-8. 
  33. ^ "Thousands of Intelligence Documents Opened under the Nazi War Crimes Disclosure Act" (Press release). National Archives and Records Administration. May 13, 2004. Retrieved September 13, 2012. 
  34. ^ Breitman, Richard; Goda, Norman; Naftali, Timothy; Wolfe, Robert (April 4, 2005). "Banking on Hitler: Chase National Bank and the Rückwanderer Mark Scheme, 1936–1941". U.S. Intelligence and the Nazis. Cambridge University Press. pp. 173–202. ISBN 978-0521617949. Retrieved September 13, 2013. 
  35. ^ Yeadon, Glen; Hawkins, John (June 1, 2008). The Nazi Hydra in America: Suppressed History of a Century. Joshua Tree, California: Progressive Press. p. 195. Retrieved September 13, 2013. 
  36. ^ "Barclays to Compensate Jews". BBC News. BBC.com. December 17, 1998. Retrieved September 13, 2013. 
  37. ^ "World: Europe US banks gave Jewish money to Nazis". BBC News. BBC. February 3, 1999. Retrieved September 13, 2013.