List of companies of Canada

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Location of Canada

Canada is a country in the northern part of North America. Canada is the world's tenth-largest economy as of 2016, with a nominal GDP of approximately US$1.52 trillion.[1] It is a member of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) and the Group of Eight (G8), and is one of the world's top ten trading nations, with a highly globalized economy.[2][3] Canada is a mixed economy, ranking above the US and most western European nations on The Heritage Foundation's index of economic freedom,[4] and experiencing a relatively low level of income disparity.[5] The country's average household disposable income per capita is over US$23,900, higher than the OECD average.[6] Furthermore, the Toronto Stock Exchange is the seventh-largest stock exchange in the world by market capitalization, listing over 1,500 companies with a combined market capitalization of over US$2 trillion as of 2015.[7]

For further information on the types of business entities in this country and their abbreviations, see "Business entities in Canada".

Largest firms[edit]

This list shows firms in the Fortune Global 500, which ranks firms by total revenues reported before March 31, 2017.[8] Only the top five firms (if available) are included as a sample.

Rank Image Name 2016 revenues (USD $M) Employees Notes
250 Manulife South Tower (2).JPG Manulife $40,238 34,500 Multinational banking, financial services and insurance carrier in Toronto. Manulife is the largest insurance concern in Canada.
266 The Winnipeg Clinic building and the Great West Life building.JPG Power Corporation of Canada $38,286 30,259 Diversified international management company primarily focused on the financials sector and including holdings in telecommunications and media. Subsidiaries include Power Financial, Gesca and Great-West Lifeco.
290 2017-03-07 Geneva Motor Show 0953.JPG Magna International 36,445 155,450 Global automotive supplier and one of the largest automobile parts manufacturer in North America. Supplier to the Ford Motor Company, General Motors, and Tesla, Inc., the firm operates in 29 countries.
293 BayviewVillageLoblaws.JPG George Weston Limited $36,211 195,000 Diversified food processing and retail distribution firm founded by George Weston in 1882. Includes supermarket chains under the Loblaw Companies umbrella and the Wonder Bread brand of bread.
304 90 Sparks Street.jpg Royal Bank of Canada $34,904 75,510 Multinational financial services firm based in Toronto[9] and the largest bank in Canada. Subsidiaries include City National Bank and RBC Bank

Notable firms[edit]

This list includes notable companies with primary headquarters located in the country. The industry and sector follow the Industry Classification Benchmark taxonomy. Organizations which have ceased operations are included and noted as defunct.

Notable companies
     Active      State-owned      Defunct
Name Industry Sector Headquarters Founded Notes
1-800-GOT-JUNK? Industrials Waste & disposal services Vancouver 1989 Junk removal
3Way International Logistics Industrials Business support services Mississauga 2001 Freight forwarding
A Buck or Two Consumer services Specialty retailers Vaughan 1988 Retail
A&W Consumer services Restaurants & bars North Vancouver 1956 Fast food chain
Access Communications Telecommunications Fixed line telecommunications Regina 1974 Cable television provider
Ache Records Consumer services Broadcasting & entertainment Vancouver 1999 Record label
Addition Elle Consumer services Apparel retailers Montreal 1967 Women's clothing retailer
Advance Gold Basic materials Gold mining Vancouver 2007 Gold mining
Advanced Cyclotron Systems Health care Medical equipment Richmond 2003[10] Medical cyclotrons
Affinity Credit Union Financials Banks Saskatoon 2005[11] Credit union
Ahed Consumer goods Recreational products Toronto[12] 1969 Guitar equipment, defunct
Air Canada Consumer services Airlines Montreal 1937 Flag carrier, largest airline of Canada
Aldo Group Consumer services Apparel retailers Montreal 1972 Footwear retailer
AldrichPears Associates Industrials Business support services Vancouver 1979 Exhibit design
Algonquin Power & Utilities Utilities Alternative electricity Oakville 1997 Renewable energy
Allied Shipbuilders Industrials Commercial vehicles & trucks North Vancouver 1948 Shipyard
Alta Newspaper Group Consumer services Publishing Vancouver 1999 Media holding
Alterra Power Utilities Alternative electricity Vancouver 2011 Renewable energy
Angoss Technology Software Toronto 1984 Analytic software
Apotex Health care Pharmaceuticals Toronto 1974 Generic pharmaceuticals
Appnovation Technology Software Vancouver 2007 Software developer
Arc'teryx Consumer services Apparel retailers North Vancouver 1989 Outdoor apparel/equipment
Areva Resources Canada Basic materials General mining Saskatoon 1964 Uranium
Aritzia Consumer goods Clothing & accessories Vancouver 1984 Clothing
Army & Navy Stores Consumer services Broadline retailer Vancouver 1919 Discount department stores
Arsenal Pulp Press Consumer services Publishing Vancouver 1971 Book publisher
ATB Financial Financials Asset management Edmonton 1938 State financial services
ATI Technologies Technology Semiconductors Markham 1985 Semiconductors, defunct 2006
Atimi Software Inc Technology Software Vancouver 2001 Mobile applications
Atmosphere Visual Effects Consumer services Broadcasting & entertainment Vancouver 2003 Movie special effects
Ballard Power Systems Industrials Electrical components & equipment Burnaby 1979 Fuel cells
Banff Lodging Co Consumer services Hotels Banff 1985 Lodges
Bank of Montreal Financials Banks Montreal 1817 Bank
Bard Ventures Basic materials General mining Vancouver 1981 Molybdenum mining
Barrick Gold Basic materials Gold mining Toronto 1983 Gold extraction
BBC Kids Consumer services Broadcasting & entertainment Burnaby 2001 Children's television
BC Hydro Utilities Alternative electricity Vancouver 1961 Hydro-electric
BC Research Industrials Business support services Vancouver 1944 Research, defunct 2007
Becker's Consumer services Specialty retailers Toronto 1957 Retail chains
Bell Canada Telecommunications Fixed line telecommunications Montreal 1880 Telecom, part of BCE Inc.
Bell MTS Telecommunications Fixed line telecommunications Winnipeg 1905 Telecom, part of BCE Inc.
Ben Moss Jewellers Consumer services Specialty retailers Winnipeg 1910 Jewelry retailer
Bennett Environmental Industrials Waste & disposal services Oakville 1991 Defunct 2013
Big Blue Bubble Technology Software London 2004 Software firm, mobile games
BigPark Technology Software Vancouver 2007 Software firm, part of Microsoft (US)
Biovail Health care Pharmaceuticals Mississauga 1991 Pharmaceutical, defunct 2010
BioWare Technology Software Edmonton 1995 Video games, part of Electronic Arts (US)
Bison Transport Industrials Delivery services Winnipeg 1969 Transportation and logistics
Black Diamond Cheese Consumer goods Food products Belleville 1933 Cheese, part of Parmalat (Italy)
Black Hen Music Consumer services Broadcasting & entertainment Vancouver 1995 Record label
Blacks Photo Corporation Consumer services Recreational services Montreal 1930 Photo printing, now only online
BlackBerry Limited Technology Telecommunications equipment Waterloo 1984 Wireless devices
Blackburn Radio Consumer services Broadcasting & entertainment London 1968[13] Radio
Blake, Cassels & Graydon Industrials Business support services Toronto 1856 Law firm
Bleeding Art Industries Consumer services Broadcasting & entertainment Calgary 2002 Special effects
Blenz Coffee Consumer services Restaurants & bars Vancouver 1992 Coffee chain
Bluenotes Consumer goods Clothing & accessories Toronto 1984 Clothing brand
Boeing Canada Industrials Aerospace Winnipeg 1934 Aircraft, part of Boeing (US)
Bombardier Inc. Industrials Aerospace Montreal 1942 Aircraft
Bombardier Recreational Products Consumer goods Recreational products Valcourt 1942 Spun off as an independent company in 2003
Book City Consumer services Specialty retailers Toronto 1976 Bookstores
Boston Pizza Consumer services Restaurants & bars Richmond 1964 Pizza chain
Boutique La Vie en Rose Consumer services Apparel retailers Montreal 1984 Lingerie retailer
Bowring Brothers Consumer services Broadline retailers St. John's 1811 General retail stores
Boyd Group Income Fund Consumer services Specialized consumer services Winnipeg 1990[14] Auto services chain
Bre-X Basic materials Gold mining Calgary 1989 Completely collapsed in 1997
Brick Brewing Company Consumer goods Brewers Waterloo 1984 Brewery
Bridgewater Bank Financials Banks Calgary 1997 Bank, part of the Alberta Motor Association
Brightlight Pictures Consumer services Broadcasting & entertainment Vancouver 2001 Production company
BrightSide Technologies Consumer goods Consumer electronics Vancouver 2004 Display technology, merged into Dolby Laboratories
Brock Solutions Industrials Industrial machinery Kitchener 1992 Industrial automation
Brookfield Asset Management Financials Asset managers Toronto 1899 Asset management firm
Bruce Power Utilities Conventional electricity Tiverton 2001 Nuclear power
Brunet Consumer services Drug retailers Anjou 1855 Pharmacies
Buckley's Health care Pharmaceuticals Mississauga 1919 Medicine
Buhler Industries Industrials Commercial vehicles & trucks Winnipeg 1969 Farm vehicles and equipment
Bulk Barn Consumer services Food retailers & wholesalers Aurora 1982 Bulk food retailer
Bullfrog Power Utilities Alternative electricity Toronto 2005 Low-carbon electricity
Cactus Club Cafe Consumer services Restaurants & bars North Vancouver 1988 Restaurant chain
Cadillac Fairview Financials Real estate holding & development Toronto 1974 Property development and management
CAE Inc. Industrials Business training & employment agencies Montreal 1947 Flight simulators and training
Calm Air Consumer services Airlines Winnipeg 1962 Airline
Cameco Basic materials General mining Saskatoon 1988 Uranium
Canada Deposit Insurance Corporation Financials Specialty finance Ottawa 1967 Government-owned bank account insurance company
Canada Wide Media Consumer services Publishing Burnaby 1976 Publisher
Canadian Bank Note Company Industrials Business support services Ottawa 1897 Money and passport printing
Canadian Broadcasting Corporation (CBC) Consumer services Broadcasting & entertainment Ottawa 1936 Government-owned Canadian TV and radio broadcaster
Canadian Hydro Developers Utilities Alternative electricity Calgary 1989 Hydro power generation, defunct 2009
Canadian Imperial Bank of Commerce (CIBC) Financials Banks Toronto 1961 Banking
Canadian Light Source Industrials Business support services Saskatoon 1999 Research
Canadian National Railway Industrials Railroads Montreal 1918 Railway
Canadian Natural Resources Oil & gas Exploration & production Calgary 1973 Oil and gas development and production
Canadian Oil Sands Oil & gas Exploration & production Calgary 1978 Oil production, part of Suncor Energy
Canadian Pacific Railway Limited Industrials Railroads Calgary 1881 Railway
Canadian Plasma Resources Health care Biotechnology Saskatoon 2012 Bio-pharmaceutical
Canadian Steamship Lines Industrials Marine transportation Montreal 1845 Cargo shipping
Canadian Tire Financial Services Financials Consumer financing Oakville 2003 Credit card company, part of Canadian Tire
Canadian Tire Consumer goods Tires Toronto 1922 Retail
Canadian Western Bank Financials Banks Edmonton 1988 Banking
Canadian Wheat Board Consumer goods Farming & fishing Winnipeg 1935 Agri-business, defunct 2015
Canalta Hotels Consumer services Hotels Drumheller 1979 Hotel chain in Western Canada
Candente Copper Basic materials Nonferrous metals Vancouver 1997 Copper mining
Cangene Corp. Health care Biotechnology Winnipeg 1984 Biotech, defunct 2014
CanJet Consumer services Airlines Enfield 2002 Low-cost airline, defunct 2015
Canpotex Basic materials General mining Saskatoon 1970 Potash export
Canucks Sports & Entertainment Consumer services Broadcasting & entertainment Vancouver 1995 Owns Vancouver Canucks
Canwest Consumer services Broadcasting & entertainment Winnipeg 1974 Broadcaster, defunct 2010
Capcom Vancouver Technology Software Burnaby 2005 Game developer, part of Capcom (Japan)
Cara Operations Consumer services Restaurants & bars Vaughan 1883 Restaurants and food services
Cargill Ltd. Consumer goods Farming & fishing Winnipeg 1928 Agriculture, part of Cargill (US)
Casavant Frères Consumer goods Recreational products Saint-Hyacinthe 1879 Organs
Cascades Industrials Containers & packaging Kingsey Falls 1957 Packaging and tissues
Catalyst Paper Basic materials Paper Richmond 2000 Pulp and paper
Celestica Industrials Electronic equipment Toronto 1994 Electronics
Cellcom Communications Telecommunications Fixed line telecommunications Montreal 1985 Part of BCE Inc.
Cenovus Energy Oil & gas Integrated oil & gas Calgary 2009 Oil & gas
Centra Gas Manitoba Inc. Utilities Alternative electricity Winnipeg 1991 Utility, part of Manitoba Hydro
Central Heat Distribution Utilities Multiutilities Vancouver 1968 District heating
Central Mountain Air Consumer services Airlines Smithers 1987 Regional airline
CGI Group Industrials Business support services Montreal 1976 IT consulting
Chapters Consumer services Specialty retailers Toronto 1995 Book store chain
CHC Helicopter Consumer services Airlines Richmond 1947 Helicopter services
Choices Market Consumer services Food retailers & wholesalers Delta 1990 Supermarkets
Chrysler Canada Consumer goods Automobiles Windsor 1925 Part of Fiat Chrysler Automobiles (US)
CHUM Limited Consumer services Broadcasting & entertainment Toronto 1945 Broadcaster, defunct 2007
Cineplex Entertainment Consumer services Recreational services Toronto 1999 Theater chain
Cirque du Soleil Consumer services Recreational services Montreal 1984 Entertainment
CityWest Telecommunications Fixed line telecommunications Prince Rupert 1910 Telephone/cable company
Coachman Insurance Company Financials Full line insurance Toronto 1979 Insurance
Coffee Time Consumer services Restaurants & bars Toronto 1982 Coffee shops
Cognos Technology Software Ottawa 1969 Software, merged into IBM
Colt Canada Industrials Defense Kitchener 2005 Arms, part of Colt's Manufacturing Company (US)
Comm100 Technology Software Vancouver 2009 Live chat software provider
Commodore Books Consumer services Publishing Vancouver 2006 Publisher
Concentra Financial Financials Banks Saskatoon 1952[15] Financial services
Conestoga-Rovers & Associates Industrials Heavy construction Waterloo 1976 Engineering and construction
Conexus Credit Union Financials Banks Regina 1937[16] Financial services
Continental Newspapers Consumer services Publishing Kelowna 1999 Regional newspapers
Corby Spirit and Wine Consumer goods Distillers & vintners Toronto 1859 Alcohol
Cordiant Capital Inc. Financials Asset management Montreal 1999 Investment management
Corel Technology Software Ottawa 1985 Graphics software
Corus Entertainment Consumer services Broadcasting & entertainment Toronto 1999 Entertainment company
Cossette, Inc. Industrials Business support services Quebec City 1964 Marketing
Coteau Books Consumer services Publishing Regina 1975 Publisher
Cott Consumer goods Soft drinks Mississauga 1952 Soft drinks
Country Style Consumer services Restaurants & bars Richmond Hill 1962 Coffee shops
Creation Technologies Industrials Electronic equipment Burnaby 1989 Electronics manufacturing services
Crestline Coach Industrials Commercial vehicles & trucks Saskatoon 1979 Ambulances
Expedia CruiseShipCenters Consumer services Travel & tourism Vancouver 1987 Travel agents, part of Expedia, Inc. (US)
CSA Group Industrials Business support services Mississauga 1919 Standards/testing lab
CTC Bank of Canada Financials Banks Vancouver 1999[17] Part of CTBC Bank (Taiwan)
CTV Television Network Consumer services Broadcasting & entertainment Toronto 1961 Television, part of BCE Inc.
Customer1 Technology Software Toronto 2002 Call center software
Cymax Stores Consumer services Broadline retailer Burnaby 2004 Online retailer
Cyntech Oil & gas Oil equipment & services Calgary 1981 Oil & gas support services
Dairyland Canada Consumer goods Food products Burnaby 1992 Purchased by Saputo Inc.
Daiya Consumer goods Food products Vancouver 2008 Cheese company
Dare Foods Consumer goods Food products Kitchener 1919 Food processing
Dart Flipcards Consumer goods Toys Saint-Laurent 1988[18] Novelty goods
Delta Hotels Consumer services Hotels Richmond 1962 Part of Marriott International (US)
Descartes Systems Group Technology Software Waterloo 1981 Logistics software
Desjardins Group Financials Banks Lévis 1900 Credit unions
DHX Media Consumer services Broadcasting & entertainment Halifax 2006 Media, television
Digital Extremes Technology Software London 1993 Video games
Digitcom Telecommunications Fixed line telecommunications Toronto 1991 Telecom
Discovery Air Defence Industrials Defense Montreal 2000 Defence contractor, part of Discovery Air
Discovery Air Industrials Aerospace Toronto 2004 Specialized aviation
Dofasco Basic materials Iron & steel Hamilton 1912 Steel, part of ArcelorMittal (Luxembourg)
Dollarama Consumer services Broadline retailer Montreal 1992 Chain retailer
Dominion Voting Systems Industrials Electronic equipment Toronto 2003 Electronic voting hardware
Domtar Basic materials Paper Montreal 1848 Pulp and paper company
Donner Metals Basic materials General mining Vancouver 1996 Mining
DreamCatcher Games Technology Software Toronto 2011 Video games, defunct 2011
D-Wave Systems Technology Computer hardware Burnaby 1999 Quantum computing
Dynamotive Energy Systems Utilities Alternative electricity Richmond 1991 Renewable energy
Dynamsoft Technology Software Vancouver 2003 TWAIN SDKS, on-premises and hosting version control
DynaVenture Industrials Diversified industrials Saskatoon 1948 Industrial holding
EA Black Box Technology Software Burnaby 1998 Video games ,defunct 2013
EA Canada Technology Software Burnaby 1983 Video games, part of Electronic Arts (US)
Ebco Industries Industrials Diversified industrials Richmond 1956 Fabrication and machining
Elastic Path Technology Software Vancouver 2000 Ecommerce software
Electrohome Consumer goods Consumer electronics Kitchener 1907 Televisions, defunct 1984
EllisDon Industrials Heavy construction Mississauga 1951 General contractor
Emera Utilities Conventional electricity Halifax 1998 Power
Enbridge Oil & gas Pipelines Calgary 1949 Energy transportation
Encana Oil & gas Integrated oil & gas Calgary 2002 Exploration, transportation, marketing
Engineered Lifting Systems & Equipment Industrials Industrial machinery Elmira 1971 Lifting systems and equipment
Enwave Utilities Multiutilities Toronto 1969 District heating/cooling in Toronto
Esprida Technology Software Mississauga 1999 Remote device management middleware
F&P Manufacturing Inc. Consumer goods Auto parts Tottenham 1986 Japanese automotive parts supplier
Fairchild Group Conglomerates - Vancouver 1983 Media, real estate, retail
Fairchild TV Consumer services Broadcasting & entertainment Richmond 1993 Cantonese language television, part of Fairchild Group
Fairfax Financial Financials Full line insurance Toronto 1985 Insurance holding
Fairmont Hotels and Resorts Consumer services Hotels Toronto 1907 Hotel chain
Falconbridge Ltd. Basic materials General mining Toronto 1928 Mining, defunct 2006
Farmers of North America Consumer goods Farming & fishing Saskatoon 1998 Agriculture
Fast Eddies Consumer services Restaurants & bars Brantford 1987 Burger chain
Federated Co-operatives Consumer goods Farming & fishing Saskatoon 1955 Agricultural co-op
Federated Insurance Company of Canada Financials Full line insurance Winnipeg 1920 Insurance
FGL Sports Consumer services Specialty retailers Calgary 1974[19] Sports retail, part of Canadian Tire
Fido Solutions Telecommunications Mobile telecommunications Montreal 1996 Cellular provider
Finning Industrials Commercial vehicles & trucks Edmonton 1933 Heavy equipment distributor
First Air Consumer services Airlines Kanata 1946 Charter airline
First Majestic Silver Basic materials Platinum & precious metals Vancouver 2002 Silver mining
First Nations Bank of Canada Financials Banks Saskatoon 1996 Bank
First West Credit Union Financials Banks Langley 1946 Credit union
Flickr Technology Internet Vancouver 2004 Photo sharing website, part of Yahoo!
Force Four Entertainment Consumer services Broadcasting & entertainment Vancouver 1983 TV/movie production
Ford Motor Company of Canada Consumer goods Automobiles Oakville 1904 Part of Ford Motor Company
Fort Garry Brewing Company Consumer goods Brewers Winnipeg 1930[20] Brewery
Fortis Inc. Utilities Conventional electricity St. John's 1987 Utility holdings
FortisBC Utilities Multiutilities Kelowna 1897 Power and gas distribution, part of Fortis Inc.
Four Seasons Hotels and Resorts Consumer services Hotels Toronto 1961 Hotel chain
Freedom Mobile Telecommunications Mobile telecommunications Toronto 2009 Mobile network
FreshBooks Technology Software Toronto 2003 Accounting software
Freshslice Pizza Consumer services Restaurants & bars Burnaby 1999 Pizza chain
Frozen Mountain Technology Software Surrey 2008 Communication software
Ganz Consumer goods Toys Woodbridge 1950 Toys, such as Webkinz
Garage Consumer services Apparel retailers Montreal 1975 Clothing retailer, part of Groupe Dynamite
General Motors Canada Consumer goods Automobiles Oshawa 1918 Automotive, part of General Motors (US)
George Weston Limited Consumer goods Food products Toronto 1882 Food processing
Geosoft Technology Software Toronto 1986 Geophysical software
Giant Tiger Consumer services Broadline retailer Ottawa 1961 Discount store
Glacier Media Consumer services Publishing Vancouver 1988 Newspaper publisher
Glentel Consumer services Specialty retailers Burnaby 1963 Phone retailer, part of BCE Inc.
Global Mechanic Consumer services Broadcasting & entertainment Vancouver 2000 Animation studio
GlobeScan Industrials Business support services Toronto 1987 Public opinion research
Goldcorp Basic materials Gold mining Vancouver 1994 Gold production
GoodLife Fitness Consumer services Recreational services London 1979 Fitness centers
Great Western Brewing Company Consumer goods Brewers Saskatoon 1927 Brewery
Groupe Dynamite Consumer services Apparel retailers Montreal 1975 Clothing retailer
Guardian Biotechnologies Health care Biotechnology Saskatoon 2002 Plant biotech
GuestLogix Industrials Transportation services Toronto 2002 POS terminal used in-flight by airlines
Halogen Software Technology Software Ottawa 1996 Talent management software
Harbour Publishing Consumer services Publishing Pender Harbour 1974 Book publisher
Harlequin Enterprises Consumer services Publishing Toronto 1949 Romance novels
Harry Rosen Inc. Consumer services Apparel retailers Toronto 1954 Clothing retail chain
Hart Stores Consumer services Broadline retailers Laval 1960 Discount department stores
Harvey's Consumer services Restaurants & bars Vaughan 1959 Fast food chain, part of Cara Operations
Hatch Ltd Industrials Business support services Mississauga 1955 Industrial consulting and engineering
Hathor Exploration Basic materials General mining Vancouver 1996 Uranium
Haywire Winery Consumer goods Distillers & vintners Summerland 2009 Winery
Hellbent Games Technology Software Burnaby 2006 Video game developer
Héroux-Devtek Industrials Aerospace Longueuil 1942 Aerospace components
Hidden Valley Highlands Consumer services Hotels Huntsville 1971 Ski resort
Home Hardware Consumer services Home improvement retailers St. Jacobs 1964 Home improvement retailer
Honda Canada Inc. Consumer goods Automobiles Markham 1986 Automotive, part of Honda (Japan)
HSBC Bank Canada Financials Banks Vancouver 1981 Bank, part of HSBC (UK)
Hudbay Minerals Basic materials General mining Toronto 1996 Mining in Manitoba
Hudson Boatworks Consumer goods Recreational products London 1981 Rowing and racing boats
Hudson's Bay Company Consumer services Broadline retailers Brampton 1670 Retail business group, founded in London, England
Husky Energy Oil & gas Integrated oil & gas Calgary 1938 Oil and gas products
Hydro-Québec Utilities Alternative electricity Montreal 1944 Hydroelectric utilities
IGM Financial Financials Asset managers Winnipeg 1926 Asset management
IL Therapeutics Health care Biotechnology Saskatoon 2005 Bio-tech
IMAX Corporation Consumer services Recreational services Mississauga 1968 IMAX cameras and technology
Immersive Media Consumer services Broadcasting & entertainment Kelowna 1994 Immersive media
ImmersiVision Consumer services Broadcasting & entertainment Whistler 2004 Immersive media
Imperial Oil Oil & gas Exploration & production Calgary 1880 Oil and gas, part of ExxonMobil (US)
Indigo Books and Music Consumer services Specialty retailers Toronto 1996 Bookseller
Information Services Corporation Industrials Business support services Regina 2000 Registry development
Info-Tech Research Group Industrials Business support services London 1997 IT research and consulting organization
Ingle International Financials Full line insurance Toronto 1946 Insurance
Innovation Place Research Park Financials Real estate holding & development Saskatoon 1980 Research parks
Intelligent Creatures Consumer services Broadcasting & entertainment Toronto 2001 Visual effects post-production company
Inter Pipeline Oil & gas Pipelines Calgary 1997 Pipelines
Interchill Records Consumer services Broadcasting & entertainment Montreal 1995 Record label
International Road Dynamics Industrials Transportation services Saskatoon 1980 Traffic management systems
Intertape Polymer Group Industrials Containers & packaging Montreal 1981 Packaging products
Intuit Canada Technology Software Mississauga 1992 Financial software, part of Intuit (US)
Investment Saskatchewan Financials Specialty finance Regina 2003 Business investments
Ironclad Games Technology Software Burnaby 2003 Video game developer
Irving Oil Oil & gas Exploration & production Saint John 1924 Oil and gas
Island Timberlands Basic materials Forestry Nanaimo 2005 Private timberland management
Jackson Grills Consumer goods Durable household products Abbotsford 1999 Grill manufacture
Jazz Consumer services Airlines Enfield 2001 Airlines operates as Air Canada Jazz
Jean Coutu Group Consumer services Drug retailers Varennes 1969 Pharmacies
Jim Pattison Group Conglomerates - Vancouver 1961 Food products, media, automotive, packaging, financials
Joker's Closet Consumer goods Clothing & accessories Toronto 2013 Fashion
K+S Windsor Salt Basic materials General mining Pointe-Claire 1893 Salt mining, part of Morton Salt (US)
Kal Tire Consumer goods Tires Vernon 1953 Tires
Katz Group of Companies Consumer services Drug retailers Edmonton 1990 Drug stores
Keycafe Financials Real estate services Vancouver 2012 Key sharing services
KF Aerospace Industrials Transportation services Kelowna 1970 Airline support
KF Cargo Industrials Delivery services Kelowna 1970 Cargo airline, part of KF Aerospace
Kinross Gold Basic materials Gold mining Toronto 1993 Gold mining
Kitchen Craft Consumer goods Furnishings Winnipeg 1972 Cabinet manufacturing
Kitco Consumer services Specialty retailers Montreal 1995 Precious metal trading
KMS Tools Consumer services Specialty retailers Coquitlam 1983 Tool retailer
Knowledge Network Consumer services Broadcasting & entertainment Burnaby 1981 State-owned educational television network
Kobo Inc. Consumer services Specialty retailers Toronto 2009 Bookseller, part of Rakuten (Japan)
Kodiak Coil Tubing Oil & gas Oil equipment & services Medicine Hat[21] 2001 Oilfield services and support
Koingo Software Technology Software Kelowna 1994 Software development
Kootenay Direct Airlines Consumer services Airlines Nelson 2006 Airline, defunct 2006
Kruger Inc. Basic materials Paper Montreal 1904 Paper, tissues
L'Oie de Cravan Consumer services Publishing Montreal 1992 Publishing house
La Capitale Financials Full line insurance Quebec City 1940 Finance and insurance
La Maison Simons Consumer services Apparel retailers Quebec City 1840 Clothing retailer
Labatt Brewing Company Consumer goods Brewers Toronto 1847 Brewery, part of Anheuser-Busch InBev (Belgium)
LASIK MD Health care Health care providers Montreal 2001 Laser vision correction
Lassonde Industries Consumer goods Farming & fishing Rougemont 1918 Agri-food
Laurentian Bank of Canada Financials Banks Montreal 1846 Bank
Le Château Consumer services Apparel retailers Montreal 1959 Clothing retailer
Lee Valley Tools Consumer services Home improvement retailers Ottawa 1978 Home and garden retail
Léger Marketing Industrials Business support services Montreal 1986 Polls and market research
Leon's Consumer services Specialty retailers Toronto 1909 Home furnishing retailer
Linamar Consumer goods Auto parts Guelph 1966 Auto part manufacturer
Lise Watier Consumer goods Personal products Montreal 1972 Cosmetic brand
Livingston International Industrials Transportation services Toronto 1945 Customs services
Loblaws Consumer services Food retailers & wholesalers Brampton 1919 Supermarkets
LoginRadius Technology Software Vancouver 2012 Customer management platform
London Drugs Consumer services Drug retailers Richmond 1945 Drugstore chain
London Life Insurance Company Financials Life insurance London 1874 Life insurance
Look Communications Telecommunications Mobile telecommunications Milton 1997 Wireless ISP, defunct 2013
Lululemon Athletica Consumer services Apparel retailers Vancouver 1998 Clothing retailer
LW Stores Consumer services Broadline retailer Calgary 1986 Lost-cost retailer, defunct 2014
Lystek Industrials Waste & disposal services Cambridge 2000 Waste management
MacDonald, Dettwiler and Associates Industrials Business support services Vancouver 1969 Technology and engineering consulting
Mac's Convenience Stores Consumer services Food retailers & wholesalers Richmond Hill 1961 Convenience stores, part of Alimentation Couche-Tard
Magna International Consumer goods Auto parts Aurora 1957 Auto parts
Manitoba Hydro Utilities Alternative electricity Winnipeg 1961 Power utility
Manitoba Liquor & Lotteries Corporation Consumer services Specialty retailers Winnipeg 2013 Alcohol and gambling regulation and distribution
Manitoba Liquor Control Commission Consumer services Specialty retailers Winnipeg 1923 Alcohol retailer, defunct 2013
Manitoba Lotteries Corporation Consumer services Gambling Winnipeg 1993 Gambling regulation and operation, defunct 2013
Manitoba Public Insurance Financials Full line insurance Winnipeg 1971 State insurance services
Manulife Financials Full line insurance Toronto 1887 Insurance and financial services
Maple Leaf Foods Consumer goods Food products Toronto 1927 Consumer packaged meats
Maple Leaf Sports & Entertainment Consumer services Broadcasting & entertainment Toronto 1931 Owner of the Toronto Maple Leafs and Toronto Raptors
Maritime Life Financials Life insurance Halifax 1922 Life insurance, merged into Manulife in 2004
Mark's Consumer services Apparel retailers Calgary 1977 Clothing and footwear retailer
Mary Brown's Consumer services Restaurants & bars Markham 1969 Fast food chain
Matrox Technology Computer hardware Dorval 1976 Video cards
Maxim Power Utilities Conventional electricity Calgary 1993 Power generation
McCain Foods Consumer goods Food products Florenceville-Bristol 1957 Frozen potato products
McClelland & Stewart Consumer services Publishing Toronto 1960 Book publishers
McDonald's Canada Consumer services Restaurants & bars Toronto 1967 Canadian subsidiary of McDonald's (US)
Memotec Industrials Business support services Montreal 1978[22] Network and data optimization
Metal Supermarkets Consumer services Specialty retailers Mississauga 1985 Metal retailer
Metro Inc. Consumer services Food retailers & wholesalers Montreal 1947 Supermarkets
Mitel Telecommunications Fixed line telecommunications Ottawa 1973 Unified communications
Mobilicity Telecommunications Mobile telecommunications Vaughan 2009 Mobile virtual networks
Molson Brewery Consumer goods Brewers Montreal 1786 Brewery
Montana's BBQ & Bar Consumer services Restaurants & bars Vaughan 1993 Restaurant, part of Cara Operations
Moosehead Breweries Consumer goods Brewers Saint John 1867 Brewery
Motor Coach Industries Industrials Commercial vehicles & trucks Winnipeg 1933 Coach manufacturing, defunct 2015
Mozilla Messaging Technology Software Vancouver 2007 Defunct 2011
Mr. Sub Consumer services Restaurants & bars Toronto 1968 Fast food
Multiwebcast Technology Internet Montreal 2000 Webcast services
National Bank of Canada Financials Banks Montreal 1859 Commercial bank
Nature's Path Consumer goods Food products Richmond 1985 Organic food
NCIX Technology Computer hardware Richmond 1996 Computer hardware, defunct 2017
Nelvana Consumer services Broadcasting & entertainment Toronto 1971 Entertainment
New Flyer Industries Industrials Commercial vehicles & trucks Winnipeg 1930 Bus manufacture
New York Fries Consumer services Restaurants & bars Brantford 1964 Fast food, part of Cara Operations
Nexen Oil & gas Exploration & production oil/gas
Nexient Industrials Business support services corporate training
NorandaFalconbridge Basic materials General mining mining
Nordion Health care Medical equipment Ottawa 1946 Medical technology and products
NORPAC Controls Industrials Industrial machinery industrial automation products
Nortel Networks Telecommunications telecommunications
North West Company Consumer services retail
NOVA Chemicals Basic materials Specialty chemicals
Nova Scotia Power Utilities
Novacam Technologies OCT/profilometry
Novosbed e-commerce
Nuu-chah-nulth Economic Development Corporation development
Ocean Productions Consumer services Broadcasting & entertainment Vancouver 1994 Recording studio
Oland Brewery Consumer goods Brewers
Omineca Cablevision Telecommunications
Onex Corporation
Ontario Lottery and Gaming Corporation Consumer services Gambling
Open Text Corporation Technology Software software
Orca Bay Sports and Entertainment Consumer services Broadcasting & entertainment
Osisko Mining Basic materials Gold mining gold
Ossian Studios Technology Software video game developer
Pacific & Western Bank of Canada Financials Banks
Pacific Coastal Airlines Consumer services Airlines airline
Packers Plus Energy Services Oil & gas Exploration & production oil and gas
Palliser Furniture Ltd. manufacturing
Pan American Silver Corporation
Paramount Resources
Para-Ordnance
Parmalat Canada Consumer goods Food products food products
Parrish & Heimbecker Consumer goods Food products grains
Pascan Aviation Consumer services Airlines airline
Paterson GlobalFoods Inc. Consumer goods Farming & fishing agri-business
Persona Communications Telecommunications
Petcetera Consumer services Speciality retailers pet stores
Petro-Canada Oil & gas Integrated oil & gas retail gasoline chain and refiner
Pharmasave Consumer services Drug retailers
Pizza Nova Consumer services Restaurants & bars
Pizza Pizza Consumer services Restaurants & bars
PMC-Sierra
Pollard Banknote Ltd. Industrials Business support services printing
Porter Airlines Consumer services Airlines airline
Potash Corporation of Saskatchewan Basic materials General mining
Power Corporation of Canada Utilities
Prairie Plant Systems Health care Pharmaceuticals pharmaceuticals
Pratt & Whitney Canada Industrials Aerospace aerospace
Precision Drilling Oil & gas Exploration & production
Premium Brands Holdings Corporation Consumer goods Food products food products and food distribution
Presagis Technology Software defence software
Prevost Car Industrials Commercial vehicles & trucks bus manufacturer wholly owned by Volvo AB
Priszm Canadian Income Fund Financials
Pronto Airways Consumer services Airlines airline
Protecode
Purolator Courier Industrials Delivery services point to point package delivery
QNX Technology Software software - operating systems
Quebecor Industrials Business support services printing / media
Quester Tangent Corporation Technology Software train electronics - software and hardware
Rare Element Resources
Red Back Mining Basic materials Gold mining gold
Red Barrels Technology Software
Regional Maple Leaf Communications Consumer services Publishing publisher
Reimer Express Lines Ltd. transportation
Resolute Forest Products Basic materials Paper Montreal 2007 Pulp and paper
Richardson International Consumer goods Food products Winnipeg 1857 Food and agriculture
Ridley Inc. Consumer goods Farming & fishing agri-business
Rockstar Toronto Technology Software
Rockstar Vancouver Technology Software
Rogers Communications Telecommunications
ROI Capital Financials
Rona Inc.
Roots Canada
Royal Bank of Canada Financials Banks
Royal LePage Real Estate Financials Real estate services
Sandman Hotels Consumer services Hotels
Sandvine Technology Telecommunications equipment networking equipment
Saputo Consumer goods Food products dairy products
Saskatchewan Government Insurance Financials Full line insurance insurance
Saskatchewan Minerals Basic materials General mining sodium sulphate
SRC Industrials Business support services research
SaskPower Utilities electricity
SaskTel Telecommunications telecom
Save-on-Foods
Schmalz Vacuum Technology Ltd Schmalz Canada
Scotiabank Financials banks Bank of Nova Scotia
Sears Canada Consumer services Broadline retailer Toronto 1952 Retail Chain, defunct Janurary 14, 2018
Second Cup
Sepro Mineral Systems
Servus Credit Union Financials Banks
Shaftebury Brewing Company Consumer goods Brewers
Shaw Communications Telecommunications
Shell Canada Oil & gas Exploration & production
Shopify Technology Software eCommerce software
Shoppers Drug Mart Consumer services Drug retailers drug store chain
Shore Tilbe Irwin + Partners
Siemen's Transportation Group
Sierra Wireless Telecommunications Mobile telecommunications
Sifto Canada Basic materials General mining salt
Sirius XM Canada
sisu production
Sleeman Breweries Consumer goods Brewers
Sleep Country Canada Consumer goods Durable household products mattresses
smart Canada Consumer goods Automobiles manufacturer of the smart fortwo, part of Mercedes-Benz Canada
SMART Technologies Consumer goods Consumer electronics interactive displays and whiteboards
SNC-Lavalin engineering
Sobeys
Softimage
Soquelec scientific equipment, supplies and service
Splashdot online loyalty programs and interactive promotions
St Hubertus & Oak Bay Estate Winery Consumer goods Distillers & vintners
Stanfield's Consumer goods Clothing & accessories garment manufacturer
Stelco
Sun Life Assurance Financials Life insurance
Suncor Energy Utilities energy
Sun-Rype Consumer goods Food products food and beverage
Sunward Aerospace Group Limited Consumer goods Recreational products model rockets and hobbies
Swiss Chalet
SydneyPLUS International Technology Software library management software
Symantec Corporation Technology Software
Syncrude
Synex International
T & T Supermarket Consumer services Food retailers & wholesalers
Tahera Basic materials General mining mining company
Talentvision Consumer services Broadcasting & entertainment Mandarin television
Talisman Energy Utilities
Tamarack Developments Corporation
Taseko Mines Limited Basic materials General mining
TD Waterhouse Group
Teck Cominco
Teledyne DALSA Industrials Electronic equipment Waterloo 1980 Electronic imaging components
Telesat Canada
Telus Telecommunications telecommunications
Tembec
The Bargain! Shop
The Brick
The Embassy Visual Effects Consumer services Broadcasting & entertainment movie special effects
The Globe and Mail Consumer services Publishing
The Great-West Life Assurance Company Financials Full line insurance
The Insurance Company of Prince Edward Island Financials Full line insurance
The North West Company Fund Consumer services merchant
The Ocean Group
The Source (Bell) Electronics Inc.
The Wawanesa Mutual Insurance Co. Financials Full line insurance insurance
Thomson Corporation
Timothy's World Coffee
TM4 Utilities Alternative electricity Boucherville 1998 Electrodynamic systems, part of Hydro-Québec
TMX Group
Tolko Basic materials Forestry forestry
Toronto Stock Exchange Financials Investment services
Toronto-Dominion Bank Financials Banks
Torstar
TransCanada Corp. Oil & gas Pipelines pipelines
TransGas Limited
Transwest Air Consumer services Airlines
Tridel
Triple Five Group
Ubisoft Montreal Technology Software
Ubisoft Toronto Technology Software
Ultramar Oil & gas Exploration & production marketers and refiners of petroleum
United Furniture Warehouse Consumer services Specialty retailers
Valeant Pharmaceuticals Health care Pharmaceuticals Laval 1960 Specialty pharmaceuticals
Vancity Financials Banks Vancouver 1946 Vancouver City Savings Credit Union, banking
Vancity Community Investment Bank Financials Banks Vancouver 1997 Banking, part of Vancity
Via Rail Consumer services Travel & tourism government-owned passenger train service
Vice Media Consumer services Publishing media / publishing
Vidéotron Telecommunications telecommunications
Virtual Brokers Financials Investment services online brokerage
Vista Broadcast Group Consumer services Broadcasting & entertainment radio broadcast
Walmart Canada Consumer services Broadline retailer
Wardrop Engineering Inc. engineering services
Waterloo Maple Inc. Technology Software mathematical software
West Fraser Timber wood products
West Wind Aviation Consumer services Airlines airline and air services
Western Oil Sands Oil & gas Exploration & production oil
WestJet Consumer services Airlines airline
WingTips Airport Services Industrials Transportation services airlines ground handling
Winners
Winpak Ltd. manufacturing
Yamana Gold Inc.
Yara Belle Plaine Basic materials Commodity chemicals fertilizer
Yogen Früz
Z8Games Technology Software
Zag Bank Financials Banks
Zellers Consumer services Broadline retailer acquired by Target Canada
ZENN Consumer goods Automobiles motor company

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "World Economic Outlook Database". International Monetary Fund. April 18, 2017. Archived from the original on June 24, 2017. 
  2. ^ "Latest release". World Trade Organization. April 17, 2008. Archived from the original on June 5, 2011. Retrieved May 23, 2011. 
  3. ^ "Index of Globalization 2010". KOF. Archived from the original on May 31, 2012. Retrieved May 22, 2012. 
  4. ^ "Index of Economic Freedom". The Heritage Foundation/The Wall Street Journal. 2013. Archived from the original on June 29, 2013. Retrieved June 27, 2013. 
  5. ^ "Jonathan Kay: The key to Canada's economic advantage over the United States? Less income inequality". National Post. December 13, 2012. Archived from the original on May 15, 2016. Retrieved December 14, 2012. 
  6. ^ "Canada". OECD Better Life Index. OECD. 2014. Archived from the original on February 18, 2015. Retrieved February 13, 2015. 
  7. ^ "TMX Group Equity Financing Statistics – September 2014". TMX. September 2014. Retrieved February 7, 2015. 
  8. ^ DeCarlo, Scott (20 July 2017). "The Fortune 2017 Global 500". Fortune. 
  9. ^ "Royal Bank of Canada: Private Company Information". Bloomberg. Retrieved 2017-12-09. 
  10. ^ "Advanced Cyclotron Systems, Inc.: Private Company Information". Bloomberg. Retrieved 2017-12-09. 
  11. ^ "Affinity Credit Union: Private Company Information". Bloomberg. Retrieved 2017-12-09. 
  12. ^ Nielsen Business Media, Inc. (31 March 1979). Billboard. Nielsen Business Media, Inc. pp. 146–. 
  13. ^ "Blackburn Radio, Inc.: Private Company Information". Bloomberg. Retrieved 2017-12-09. 
  14. ^ "The Boyd Group, Inc.: Private Company Information". Bloomberg. Retrieved 2017-12-09. 
  15. ^ "Concentra Financial Services Association: Private Company Information". Bloomberg. 2016-09-30. Retrieved 2017-12-09. 
  16. ^ "Conexus Credit Union Limited: Private Company Information". Bloomberg. Retrieved 2017-12-09. 
  17. ^ "CTC Bank of Canada: Private Company Information". Bloomberg. Retrieved 2017-12-09. 
  18. ^ "Dart Flipcards, Company Information". Dart Flipcards. Dart Flipcards. Archived from the original on 5 February 2003. Retrieved 9 December 2017. 
  19. ^ https://www.bloomberg.com/research/stocks/private/snapshot.asp?privcapId=878037
  20. ^ https://www.bloomberg.com/research/stocks/private/snapshot.asp?privcapId=3110243
  21. ^ https://www.bloomberg.com/research/stocks/private/snapshot.asp?privcapId=27528044
  22. ^ https://www.bloomberg.com/research/stocks/private/snapshot.asp?privcapId=5387546