List of companies of Russia

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Location of Russia

Russia is a transcontinental country in Eurasia.[1] At 17,075,200 square kilometres (6,592,800 sq mi),[2] Russia is the largest country in the world, covering more than one eighth of Earth's inhabited land area,[3][4][5] and the ninth most populous, with over 146.6 million people at the end of March 2016.[6][7] Extending across the entirety of northern Asia and much of Eastern Europe, Russia spans eleven time zones and incorporates a wide range of environments and landforms.

Russia has a upper-middle income[8] mixed economy with state ownership in strategic areas of the economy. Market reforms in the 1990s privatized much of Russian industry and agriculture, with notable exceptions to this privatization occurring in the energy and defense-related sectors.

Russia's vast geography is an important determinant of its economic activity, with some sources estimating that Russia contains over 30 percent of the world's natural resources.[9][10][11] The World Bank estimates the total value of Russia's natural resources at $75 trillion US dollars.[12][13] Russia relies on energy revenues to drive most of its growth. Russia has an abundance of oil, natural gas and precious metals, which make up a major share of Russia's exports. As of 2012 the oil-and-gas sector accounted for 16% of the GDP, 52% of federal budget revenues and over 70% of total exports.[14][15]

Largest firms[edit]

This list shows firms in the Fortune Global 500, which ranks firms by total revenue for 2016.[16] Only the top five firms (if available) are included as a sample.

Rank Image Name 2016 Revenues (USD $M) Employees Notes
56 Gazprom Headquarters.jpg Gazprom $99,464 462,400 Extracts, produces, transports and sells natural gas. Also has a diversified set of subsidiaries.
76 Akademika Sakharova 2 Aug 2009 01.JPG Lukoil $84,677 106,200 Large oil & gas firm in Moscow with a chain of retail distributors.
118 Роснефть.JPG Rosneft $64,749 261,500 State-owned oil firm, including extraction and refinement.
199 Sberbank head office.jpg Sberbank $45,608 330,677 Russian banking and financial services firm in Moscow with operations across Europe. Largest bank in Russia and Eastern Europe, and the third largest in Europe.
478 Eurasia-moscow-indexxrus.JPG VTB Bank $22,449 92,882 Universal bank and financial group providing banking services and financial products globally.

Notable firms[edit]

This list includes notable companies with primary headquarters located in the country. The industry and sector follow the Industry Classification Benchmark taxonomy. Organizations which have ceased operations are included and noted as defunct.

     Active firms
     State-owned firms
     Defunct firms

Name Russian Industry Sector Headquarters Founded Notes
1C Company Фирма "1С" Technology Software Moscow 1991 Software and video games
ABBYY Компания ABBYY Technology Software Moscow 1989 OCR
Acron Group Акрон Basic materials Chemicals Nizhny Novgorod 1961 MCXAKRN
LSEAKRN
Aeroflot Аэрофлот Consumer services Travel & leisure Moscow 1923 MCXAFLT
Airport Tolmachevo Аэропорт «Толмачево» Instrumentals Industrial transportation Novosibirsk 1957 MCXATLM
Akella Акелла Technology Software Moscow 1993 Video games
Alawar Entertainment Компания Alawar Entertainment Technology Software Novosibirsk| 1999 Video games
Alfa Group Альфа-Групп Conglomerate Moscow 1989 Banks, insurance, water
All-Russia State Television and Radio Broadcasting Company (VGTRK)| Всероссийская государственная телевизионная и радиовещательная компания (ВГТРК) Consumer services Media Moscow 1990 State-owned media
Almaz-Antey Алмаз-Антей Industrials Aerospace & defense Moscow 2002
ALROSA АЛРОСА Basic materials Basic resource Mirny 1987 Diamonds & gemstones
AST АСТ Consumer services Media Moscow 1993
Atomenergoprom Атомэнергопром Utilities Electricity Moscow 2007
ATV АТВ Продакшн Consumer services Media Moscow 1988
Aviakor Авиакор Industrials Aerospace & defense Samara 1941
Aviastar-SP Авиастар-СП Industrials Aerospace & defense Ulyanovsk 1976
Avtotor Автотор Consumer goods Automobiles & parts Kaliningrad 1996
AvtoVAZ АвтоВАЗ Consumer goods Automobiles & parts Tolyatti 1966 MCXAVAZ
Baltika Breweries Пивоваренная компания Балтика Consumer goods Food & beverage Saint Petersburg 1990 MCXPKBA, brewers
Bank Rossiya Акционерный Банк «РОССИЯ» Financials Banks Saint Petersburg 1990
Bank Saint Petersburg Банк Санкт-Петербург Financials Banks Saint Petersburg 1990 MCXSTBK
Bryansk Avtomobile Plant Брянский автомобильный завод Industrials Industrial transportation Bryansk 1958 Commercial vehicles and trucks, defence
Channel One Первый канал Consumer services Media Moscow 1938 Broadcasting & entertainment
Chelyabinsk Pipe Rolling Plant Группа ЧТПЗ Basic materials Basic resources Moscow 1942 MCXCHEP, iron & steel, nonferrous metals
Chelyabinsk Tractor Plant Челябинский тракторный завод Industrials Industrial transportation Chelyabinsk 1933 Commercial vehicles & trucks
Cherkizovo Группа „Черки́зово“ Consumer goods Food & beverage Moscow 2005
Concern Tractor Plants Тракторные заводы Industrials Industrial engineering Cheboksary 2003 Commercial vehicles & trucks, defence
CTC Media СТС Медиа Consumer services Media Moscow 1989 Broadcasting & entertainment, NASDAQCTCM
Dalsvyaz Дальсвязь Telecommunications Fixed line telecommunications Vladivostok 1994 MCXDLSV
MCXESPK, acquired by Rostelecom
Derways Automobile Company Derways Consumer goods Automobiles & parts Cherkessk 2003
E4 Group Группа Е4 Industrials Construction & materials Moscow 2006 Heavy construction
Eksmo Эксмо Consumer services Media Moscow 1991 Publishing, specialty retailers
En+ Group En+ Group Utilities Electricity Moscow 2002
Enel Russia Энел Россия Utilities Electricity Ekaterinburg 2004 MCXOGKE, formerly OGK-5.
ER-Telecom ЭР-Телеком Telecommunications Fixed line telecommunications Perm 2001
Eurocement group Евроцемент груп Industrials Construction & materials Moscow 2002
Euroset Евросеть Telecommunications Mobile telecommunications Moscow 1997
Evalar Эвалар Health care Pharmaceuticals Biysk 1991
GAZ Group Группа ГАЗ Consumer goods Automobiles & parts Nizhny Novgorod 2005
Gazprom Газпром Oil & gas Oil & gas producers Moscow 1989 MCXGAZP
Gazprom Media Газпром-Медиа Consumer services Media Moscow 2000 Part of Gazprom
Gazprom Neft Газпром нефть Oil & gas Oil & gas producers Moscow 1995 MCXSIBN, part of Gazprom
Gazprombank Financials Banks Газпромбанк Moscow 1990 Part of Gazprom
Gorky Film Studio Киностудия имени М. Горького Consumer services Media Moscow 1915
International Industrial Bank Международный Промышленный Банк Financials Banks Moscow 1992
Ilyushin Авиационный комплекс имени С. В. Ильюшина Industrials Aerospace & defense Moscow 1933
Ingosstrakh Ингосстрах Financials Insurance Moscow 1947 Full line insurance, life, reinsurance
Interfax Интерфакс Consumer services Media Moscow 1989 News agency
Intourist Интурист Consumer services Travel & leisure Moscow 1929 Former state travel agency, now private
Irkut Corporation Иркут Industrials Aerospace & defense Irkutsk 1932 MCXIRKT
Irkutskenergo Иркутскэнерго Utilities Electricity Irkutsk 1992 Hydroelectric, MCXIRGZ
Izhevsk Mechanical Plant Ижевский механический завод Industrials Aerospace & defense Izhevsk 1942
Kalashnikov Concern АО Концерн Калашников Industrials Aerospace & defense Izhevsk 1807 MCXIGMA
Kamaz КамАЗ Industrials Industrial transportation Naberezhnye Chelny 1969 MCXKMAZ
Kazan Helicopter Plant Industrials Aerospace & defense Казанский вертолетный завод Kazan 1940 MCXKHEL
Kazanorgsintez Казаньоргсинтез Basic materials Chemicals Kazan 1959 MCXKZOS
Kaspersky Lab Лаборатория Касперского Technology Software Moscow 1997
Kirov Plant Кировский завод Industrials Industrial machinery Saint Petersburg 1801 MCXKIRZ
Komus Комус Consumer goods Personal & household goods Moscow 1990
Krasnoye Sormovo Factory Красное Сормово Industrials Industrial transportation Nizhny Novgorod 1849 Marine Transportation
Kuzbassenergo Кузбассэнерго Utilities Electricity Barnaul 1943 MCXKZBE
Kuznetsov Кузнецов Industrials Aerospace & defense Samara 1952
Lebedyansky Лебедянский Consumer goods Food & beverage Lebedyan 1967 MCXLBDO
MCXLEKZ
Lenfilm Киностудия «Ленфильм» Consumer services Media Saint Petersburg 1914 Film studio
LOMO ЛОМО Consumer goods Personal & household goods Saint Petersburg 1914
LUKoil ЛУКОЙЛ Oil & gas Oil & gas producers Moscow 1991 MCXLKOH
LSELKOD
OTC Pink: LUKOY
FWBLUK
Magnit Магнит Consumer goods Food & beverage Krasnodar 1994 MCXMGNT
LSEMGNT
Magnitogorsk Iron and Steel Works Магнитогорский металлургический комбинат Basic materials Basic resources Magnitogorsk 1932 Iron and steel, MCXMAGN
Mail.Ru Group Mail.Ru Group Technology Software Moscow 1998 Internet, software, publishing, LSEMAIL
Makeyev Rocket Design Bureau Государственный ракетный центр имени академика В. П. Макеева Industrials Aerospace & defense Miass 1947 Missile design
Mechel Мечел Basic materials Basic resources Moscow 2003 Coal, iron and steel, MCXMTLR
NYSEMTL
MegaFon МегаФон Telecommunications Mobile Telecommunications Moscow 2002 LSEMFON
MCXMFON
Melodiya Мелодия Consumer services Media Moscow 1964 Record label
Metalloinvest Металлоинвест Basic materials Basic resources Moscow 1999 Steel
Mil Moscow Helicopter Plant Московский вертолетный завод им. М.Л. Миля Industrials Aerospace & defense Moscow 1948 MCXMVZM
Molodaya Gvardiya Consumer services Media Молодая гвардия Moscow 1922 Publishing
Moscow City Telephone Network Московская городская телефонная сеть Telecommunications Fixed line telecommunications Moscow 1882 MCXMGTS
Mosfilm Киноконце́рн «Мосфи́льм» Consumer services Media Moscow 1920 Film studio
Motovilikha Plants Мотовилихинские заводы Industrials Aerospace & defense Perm 1736[17] MCXMOTZ
MTS Мобильные ТелеСистемы Telecommunications Mobile telecommunications Moscow 1993 MCXMTSI
MCXMTSS
M.video М.Видео Consumer services Retail Moscow 1993 Retail electronics chain, MCXMVID
NEWSru NEWSru.com Consumer services Media Moscow 2000 News agency
Nizhnekamskneftekhim Нижнекамскнефтехим Oil & gas Oil & gas producers Nizhnekamsk 1967 MCXNKNC
Norilsk Nickel Норильский никель Basic materials Basic resources Moscow 1993 MCXGMKN
LSEMNOD
North-West Telecom Северо-Западный Телеком Telecommunications Fixed line telecommunications Saint Petersburg 2011 MCXSPTL
Novatek Новатэк Oil & gas Oil & gas producers Tarko-Sale 1944 MCXNVTK
MCXNVTK
Novolipetsk Steel Новолипецкий металлургический комбинат Basic materials Basic resources Lipetsk 1931 MCXNLMK
Novoroscement Новоросцемент Industrials Construction & materials Novorossiysk 1922 Cement
OAO Kondopoga ОАО «Ко́ндопога» Basic materials Basic resources Kondopoga 1922 Paper
OAO TMK Трубная металлургическая компания Basic materials Basic resources Moscow 2001 Iron & steel, LSETMKS
MCXTRMK
Oboronprom Объединённая промышленная корпорация «Оборонпром» Industrials Aerospace & defense Moscow 2002
OGK-1 Оптовая генерирующая компания № 1 Utilities Electricity Tyumen 2005 Defunct 2012
OGK-2 Оптовая генерирующая компания № 2 Utilities Electricity Moscow 2005 MCXOGKB
OGK-3 Оптовая генерирующая компания № 3 Utilities Electricity Ulan-Ude 2004 Defunct 2012
OGK-6 Оптовая генерирующая компания № 6 Utilities Electricity Rostov-on-Don 2005 Defunct 2011
Omsk Engine Design Bureau Омское моторостроительное конструкторское бюро Industrials Aerospace & defense Omsk 1947
OMZ Объединённые машиностроительные заводы Industrials Electronic & electrical equipment Moscow 1996 LSEOMZD
Ozon.ru Ozon.ru Consumer services Retail Moscow 1998 Internet, apparel, specialty, home improvement
Petersburg - Channel 5 Пятый канал Consumer services Media Saint Petersburg 1938
Petersburg Fuel Company Петербургская топливная компания Oil & gas Oil & gas producers Saint Petersburg 1994
Petrodvorets Watch Factory Петродворцовый часовой завод Consumer goods Personal goods Petergof 1721 Oldest factory in Russia.
Pharmstandard Фармстандарт Health care Pharmaceuticals Dolgoprudny 2003 LSEPHST
MCXPHST
PIK Group Группа компаний ПИК Financials Real estate Moscow 1994 MCXPIKK
Polyus Gold Полюс Золото Basic materials Basic resources Moscow 2005[18] MCXPLZL
LSEPLZL
NASDAQOPYGY
Power Machines Силовые машины Industrials Electronic & electrical equipment Saint Petersburg 2000 RTSI:SILM
Progress State Research and Production Rocket Space Center Ракетно-космический центр «Прогресс» Industrials Aerospace & defense Samara 1996
PROMT PROMT Technology Software Moscow 1991
Rambler Рамблер-Афиша-SUP Technology Internet Moscow 1996
Razgulay Разгуля́й Consumer goods Food & beverage Moscow 1992 MCXGRAZ
RBC РБК Consumer services Media Moscow 1993
REGNUM Regnum Consumer services Media Moscow 2002
Rolf Рольф Consumer goods Automobiles & parts Moscow 1991
Rosenergomash Росэнергомаш Industrials Electronic & electrical equipment Moscow 2007[19]
Rosgosstrakh Росгосстрах Financials Insurance Moscow 1921 Life insurance, MCXRGSS
Rosneft Роснефть Oil & gas Oil & gas producers Moscow 1993 MCXROSN
Rostelecom Ростелеком Telecommunications Mobile Telecommunications Moscow 1992 MCXRTKM
NYSEROS
Rostselmash Ростсельмаш Industrials Industrial transportation Rostov-on-Don 1929 Commercial vehicles & trucks, RTSI:RTLM
RUSAL Российский алюминий Basic materials Basic resources Moscow 2007 Aluminium
Russian Helicopters Вертолёты России Industrials Aerospace & defense Moscow 2007
Russian Railways Российские железные дороги Industrials Industrial transportation Moscow 1992
S7 Airlines Авиакомпания «Сибирь» Consumer services Travel & leisure Novosibirsk 1992 Airline
Sberbank of Russia Сбербанк Financials Banks Moscow 1841 MCXSBER
Severnaya Verf Судостроительный завод «Северная верфь» Industrials Industrial transportation Saint Petersburg 1912[20] RTSI:SZVE
Severstal Северсталь Basic materials Basic resources Cherepovets 1993 Steel, mining, MCXCHMF
Siberian Coal Energy Company Сибирская угольная энергетическая компания Basic materials Basic resources Moscow 2001 Coal
Sibirtelecom Сибирьтелеком Telecommunications Fixed line Telecommunications Novosibirsk 1992 MCXSTKM
MCXENCO, defunct 2011
Sinara Group Группа Синара Conglomerate Ekaterinburg 2001 Commercial vehicles & trucks, real estate, hotels
Sistema Система Conglomerate Moscow 1993 MCXAFKS
LSESSA
Sitronics Ситроникс Industrials Electronic & electrical equipment Moscow 1997 LSESITR
RTSI:SITRG
Sollers JSC Северсталь-Авто Consumer goods Automobiles & parts Cherepovets 2002 MCXSVAV
Southern Telecom Южная телекоммуникационная компания Telecommunications Fixed line Telecommunications Krasnodar 2001 MCXUTEL
MCXKUBN
Sovcomflot Совкомфлот Industrials Industrial transportation Saint Petersburg 1995
Sozvezdie Концерн «Созвездие» Industrials Aerospace & defense Voronezh 1958 Electronic Equipment, Defence
S.P. Korolev Rocket and Space Corporation Energia Ракетно-космическая корпорация «Эне́ргия» имени С. П. Королёва Industrials Aerospace & defense Korolyov, Moscow Oblast 1946 MCXRKKE
SU-155 СУ-155 Conglomerate Moscow 1993 Real estate, building materials, commercial vehicles, industrial machinery
Sukhoi Сухой Industrials Aerospace & defense Moscow 1939
Surgutneftegas Сургутнефтегаз Oil & gas Oil & gas producers Surgut 1993 MCXSNGS
Svyazinvest Связьинвест Telecommunications Fixed line Telecommunications Moscow 1994 Defunct 2013
Svyaznoy Связной Consumer services Retail Moscow 1997 Specialty retailer
Tactical Missiles Corporation Корпорация „Тактическое ракетное вооружение“ Industrials Aerospace & defense Korolyov, Moscow Oblast 2002
Tasma Тасма Industrials Chemicals Kazan 1933 Specialty chemicals
Tatneft Татнефть Oil & gas Oil & gas producers Almetyevsk 1950 MCXTATN
LSEATAD
FWBTTFB
I-Fly Consumer services Travel & leisure Moscow 2009 Charter airline
TNK-BP ТНК-BP Oil & gas Oil & gas producers Moscow 2003 MCXTNBP
TogliattiAzot Тольяттиазот Industrials Chemicals Togliatti 1974 Commodity chemicals
Transmashholding Трансмашхолдинг Industrials Industrial transportation Moscow 2002 Commercial vehicles & trucks
Transneft Транснефть Oil & gas Oil equipment, services & distribution Moscow 1992 State-owned pipelines
Trolza Тролза Industrials Industrial transportation Engels, Saratov Oblast 1868 Trolleys
TsUM Trading House Торговый дом ЦУМ Consumer services Retail Moscow 1857 MCXTZUM
Tupolev Туполев Industrials Aerospace & defense Moscow 1922
Tverskoy Vagonostroitelniy Zavod Тверской вагоностроительный завод Industrials Industrial transportation Tver 1898 MCXTVAG
TV Tsentr Телекомпания „ТВ Центр“ Consumer services Media Moscow 1956
Inter RAO Интер Рао Utilities Electricity Moscow 1997 MCXEESR
Unipro Оптовая генерирующая компания № 4 Utilities Electricity Surgut 2006 MCXOGKD, formerly OGK-4.
United Aircraft Corporation Объединённая авиастроительная корпорация Industrials Aerospace & defense Moscow 2006 MCXUNAC
United Shipbuilding Corporation Объединённая судостроительная корпорация Industrials Industrial transportation Saint Petersburg 2007 Shipyards
Uralkali Уралкалий Basic materials Basic resources Berezniki 1930 MCXURKA
LSEURKA
Uralmash Машиностроительная корпорация „Уралмаш“, УЗТМ Industrials Industrial machinery Ekaterinburg 1933
Ural Mining and Metallurgical Company Уральская горно-металлургическая компания Basic materials Basic resources Verkhnyaya Pyshma 1999
Uralsib Страховая группа «Уралсиб» Financials Insurance Moscow 1993[21] Life, property & casualty insurance
UAZ УАЗ Consumer goods Automobiles & parts Ulyanovsk 1941 MCXUAZA
Uralsvyazinform Уралсвязьинформ Telecommunications Fixed line telecommunications Ekaterinburg 1992 MCXURSI, defunct 2011
Uralvagonzavod Научно-производственная корпорация „Уралвагонзавод“ имени Ф. Э. Дзержинского Industrials Industrial transportation Nizhny Tagil 1936 Railroads, RTSI:URVZ
UTair Aviation Авиакомпания «ЮТэйр» Consumer services Travel & leisure Khanty-Mansiysk 1967 Airline, MCXUTAR
MCXTMAT
VAZInterService Вазинтерсервис Consumer goods Automobiles & parts Togliatti 1991
Vologodskiy mechanical plant Вологодский механический завод Industrials Industrial transportation Vologda 1994
VK ВКонтакте Technology Internet Saint Petersburg 2006
Voenizdat Воениздат Consumer services Media Moscow 1919 Publishing
VolgaTelecom Telecommunications Fixed line telecommunications ВолгаТелеком Nizhny Novgorod 2002 MCXVTEL
MCXNNSI
Volgotanker Волготанкер Industrials Industrial transportation Samara 1938 Defunct 2008
Volzhanin Волжанин Industrials Industrial transportation Volzhsky, Volgograd Oblast 1993
Voronezh Aircraft Production Association Воронежское акционерное самолётостроительное общество Industrials Aerospace & defense Voronezh 1932 RTSI:VASOP
VSMPO-AVISMA ВСМПО-АВИСМА Basic materials Basic resources Verkhnyaya Salda 1933 MCXVSMO
VTB Bank Банк ВТБ Financials Banks Moscow 1990 MCXVTBR
Wimm-Bill-Dann Foods Вимм-Билль-Данн Продукты питания Consumer goods Food & beverage Moscow 1992 MCXWBDF
NYSEWBD
X5 Retail Group X5 Retail Group Consumer services Retail Moscow 2006 LSEFIVE
Yakovlev Опытно-конструкторское бюро им. А. С. Яковлева Industrials Aerospace & defense Moscow 1934 RTSI:OKBY
Yandex Яндекс Technology Software Moscow 1997 MCXYNDX
NASDAQYNDX
Yuganskneftegaz Юганскнефтегаз Oil & gas Oil & gas producers Nefteyugansk 1964
ZiL ЗИЛ Industrials Industrial transportation Moscow 1916 MCXZILL

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]