List of companies of Turkey

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Location of Turkey

Turkey, officially the Republic of Turkey is a transcontinental parliamentary republic in Eurasia, mainly on the Anatolian peninsula in Western Asia, with a smaller portion on the Balkan peninsula in Southeast Europe. Turkey is a democratic, secular, unitary, constitutional republic with a diverse cultural heritage.[1][2]

The country has an emerging market economy as defined by the IMF.[3] Turkey is among the world's developed countries according to the CIA World Factbook.[4] Turkey is also defined by economists and political scientists as one of the world's newly industrialized countries. Turkey has the world's 18th largest nominal GDP,[5] and 15th largest GDP by PPP.[5] The country is among the world's leading producers of agricultural products; textiles; motor vehicles, ships and other transportation equipment; construction materials; consumer electronics and home appliances.

For further information on the types of business entities in this country and their abbreviations, see "Business entities in Turkey".

Largest firms[edit]

This list shows firms in the Fortune Global 500, which ranks firms by total revenue for 2016.[6] Only the top five firms (if available) are included as a sample.

Rank Image Name 2016 Revenues (USD $M) Employees Notes
419 DivanHotel.JPG Koç Holding $25,515 91,304 Significant and diverse industrial conglomerate controlled by third-generation members of the Koç family.

Notable firms[edit]

This list includes notable companies with primary headquarters located in the country. The industry and sector follow the Industry Classification Benchmark taxonomy. Organizations which have ceased operations are included and noted as defunct.

     Active firms
     State-owned firms
     Defunct firms

Name Industry Sector Headquarters Founded Notes
Adana Çimento Industrials Construction & materials Adana 1954 Cement producer
Akbank Financials Banks Istanbul 1948 Banking, part of Sabanci Holding
Aksa Basic materials Chemicals Yalova 1968 Chemicals
Alarko Holding Industrials Construction & materials Istanbul 1954 Construction and mechanical industries
Anadolu Isuzu Consumer goods Automobiles & parts Istanbul 1984 Automotive, part of Isuzu Motors (Japan)
Arçelik Consumer goods Personal & household goods Istanbul 1955 Home appliances, part of Koç Holding
Arkem Basic materials Chemicals Istanbul 1991 Chemicals
Aselsan Industrials Aerospace & defense Ankara 1975 Defense electronic systems
Askam (trucks) Industrials Industrial engineering Istanbul 1964 Commercial trucks, defunct 2015
Avea Telecommunications Mobile telecommunications Istanbul 2004 Mobile phone operation
Avsar Enamel Consumer goods Personal & household goods Bolvadin 2010[7] Kitchenware
Aygaz Oil & gas Oil & gas producers Istanbul 1961 Propane gas, part of Koç Holding
Basak Traktor Industrials Industrial engineering Adapazarı 1914 Tractors
Beko Elektronik Consumer goods Personal & household goods Istanbul 1967 Home electronics, part of Koç Holding
BMC Consumer goods Automobiles & parts İzmir 1964 Automotive
Borusan Holding Conglomerate Istanbul 1944 Conglomerate: Steel, energy, logistics
Bosphorus Cymbals Consumer goods Personal & household goods Istanbul 1996 Musical instruments
BOTAŞ Oil & gas Oil & gas producers Ankara 1974 State-owned oil/energy
Çalık Enerji Oil & gas Oil & gas producers Istanbul 1998 Energy
Canovate Consumer goods Personal & household goods Istanbul 1965 Electrical equipment
Casati Boya Industrials Construction & materials Istanbul[8] 2003[8] Paint
Cengiz Holding Conglomerate Istanbul[9] 1980
Ciner Holding Conglomerate Istanbul 1978 Energy, media, commerce
Çukurova Holding Conglomerate Istanbul 1923 Construction, media, telecommunications
Denizbank Financials Banks Istanbul 1938 Private bank
Diardi Consumer goods Automobiles & parts İzmir 1987 Automotive
Dilek Ecza Deposu Health care Pharmaceuticals & biotechnology Antalya 1991 Pharmaceutical distribution
Doğan Holding Conglomerate Istanbul 1980 Energy, media
Doğtaş Consumer goods Personal & household goods Biga 1972 Furniture
Doğuş Group Conglomerate Istanbul 1951 Highly diversified conglomerate
DYO Boya Fabrikaları Basic materials Chemicals İzmir 1927 Chemicals, paint
Eczacıbaşı Health care Pharmaceuticals & biotechnology Istanbul 1942 Pharmaceuticals
Efes Beverage Group Consumer goods Food & beverage Istanbul 1969 Brewery
Elektrik Üretim Utilities Electricity Ankara 2001 Energy
Enerco Energy Oil & gas Oil & gas producers Istanbul 2004 Natural gas
Enka Insaat ve Sanayi A.S. Industrials Construction & materials Istanbul 1957 Construction
Erdem Architects Industrials Support services Ankara 1998 Architects
Erdemir Basic materials Basic resources Zonguldak 1967 Iron and steel
Erkunt Group Industrials Industrial engineering Ankara 1953 Tractors
Eser Industrials Construction & materials Ankara 1986 Construction
Estap Consumer goods Personal & household goods Istanbul 1989 Electronics
Etox Consumer goods Automobiles & parts Ankara 2006 Automotive
EUROTAI Industrials Aerospace & defense Ankara 1997 Helicopters, joint with Airbus Helicopters and TAI
EUROTEM Industrials Industrial Transportation Istanbul 2006 Trains, joint with Hyundai Rotem (South Korea)
Fibabanka Financials Banks Istanbul 2010 Private bank
Finansbank Financials Banks Istanbul 1987 Banking
GAMA Endustri Industrials Construction & materials Ankara[10] 1970 Construction
Garanti Bank Financials Banks Istanbul 1946 Private bank
Geliyoo Consumer goods Personal & household goods electronics
Goldas Consumer goods Personal & household goods jewelry
Halikarnas Financial Services and Advisory (HFSA) Financials Financial services financial services
Halk Bankasi Financials Banks banking
Hunca Cosmetics Consumer goods Personal & household goods cosmetics
Assan Consumer goods Automobiles & parts automotive
Inebolu Shipyard Industrials Industrial Transportation shipbuilding
Isdemir Basic materials Basic resources steel
Istanbul Consumer goods Personal & household goods musical instruments
Kalyon Group Industrials Construction & materials construction
Kardemir Karabük Demir Çelik Fabrikalari A.S. Basic materials Basic resources iron and steel
Karsan Consumer goods Automobiles & parts automotive
Kayi Construction Industrials Construction & materials
Kimetsan Basic materials Chemicals chemicals
Koç Holding Conglomerate conglomerate
Koray Holding Industrials Construction & materials construction
Koton Consumer goods Personal & household goods clothing
Kristal Kola Consumer goods Food & beverage brewery
LC Waikiki Consumer goods Personal & household goods clothing
Lescon Consumer goods Personal & household goods sport shoe company
Limak Holding Industrials Construction & materials construction
LittleBig Consumer goods Personal & household goods clothing
Mako Elektrik Consumer goods Automobiles & parts automotive
Mavi Jeans Consumer goods Personal & household goods clothing
Mechanical and Chemical Industry Corporation Industrials Aerospace & defense
Migros Türk Consumer services Retail supermarket, part of Koç Holding
Nurol Holding Industrials Construction & materials construction
Omsan Industrials Support services logistics
OPET Oil & gas Personal & household goods oil and gas, part of Koç Holding
OPET Oil & gas Oil & gas producers oil enetgy
Otokar Consumer goods Automobiles & parts automotive, part of Koç Holding
Otosan Consumer goods Automobiles & parts automotive, part of Koç Holding
Oyak-Renault Consumer goods Automobiles & parts automotive
Ozaltin Consumer goods Automobiles & parts automotive
Pancar Motor Industrials Industrial engineering diesel engines
Permak Industrials Construction & materials construction
Petkim Oil & gas Oil & gas producers petrochemical
Petrol Ofisi Oil & gas Oil & gas producers oil and gas
Polimeks Industrials Construction & materials construction
Poliya Basic materials Chemicals composites and chemicals
Sabanci Holding Conglomerate
Sahinler Holding Industrials General industrials textile
Salcano (bicycle) Consumer goods Personal & household goods bicycle
Sekerbank Financials Banks banking
Sisecam Industrials General industrials glass
Pasabahçe Consumer goods Personal & household goods glass products
Solimpeks Oil & gas Alternative energy renewable energy
STFA Group Industrials Construction & materials civil engineering and construction
Tabanlioglu Architects Industrials Support services architects
TAV Airports Holding Industrials Industrial Transportation airport
Tekel Consumer goods Food & beverage tobacco and alcoholic beverages
Tekfen Industrials Construction & materials construction
Temsa Consumer goods Automobiles & parts automotive, part of Sabanci Holding
Tersan Shipyard Industrials Industrial Transportation shipbuilding
Tofas Türk Otomobil Consumer goods Automobiles & parts automotive, part of Koç Holding
TÜLOMSAŞ Industrials Industrial Transportation Locomotive manufacture
Tüpraş Oil & gas Oil & gas producers oil refining, part of Koç Holding
Turbo Consumer goods Food & beverage chewing gum
Türk Telekom Telecommunications Fixed line telecommunications telecommunication
Turkcell Telecommunications Mobile telecommunications mobile phone operation
TAI Industrials Aerospace & defense aircraft manufacture
Türk Hava Yollari Consumer services Travel & leisure airline
Türkiye Is Bankasi Financials Banks banking
Türkiye Petrolleri Anonim Ortaklığı (TPAO) Oil & gas Oil & gas producers oil and gas industry
TÜVASAŞ Industrials Industrial Transportation railcar manufacturer
Ugur Cooling Industrials General industrials cooling equipment
Ugur Group Companies Conglomerate
Ülker Consumer goods Food & beverage food production
UTAS Industrials Aerospace & defense arms
Vakiflar Bankasi Financials Banks banking
Vakko Consumer goods Personal & household goods clothing
Vestel Consumer goods Personal & household goods home electronics
Viko Consumer goods Personal & household goods electronics
Vitra Health care Health care equipment & services sanitary goods
Yapi Merkezi Industrials Construction & materials construction
Yapi ve Kredi Bankasi Financials Banks banking
Yüksel Tohumculuk Consumer goods Food & beverage seeds, plant breeding
Ziraat Bankasi Financials Banks banking
Zorlu Group Conglomerate

See also[edit]

References[edit]