List of compositions by Scott Joplin

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The following is a complete list of musical compositions by Scott Joplin (ca. 1867 – April 1, 1917).

Scott Joplin in 1903
Sheet music cover page, 1901
Sheet music cover page, 1905
Sheet cover page 1906.
Sheet music cover page, 1909
Treemonisha cover, 1911
Sheet music cover page, 1914

Scott Joplin was born in Arkansas in around 1867, just outside Texarkana, and was a street performer before settling in Sedalia, Missouri, St. Louis, Missouri, and finally New York City where he died in 1917. He was an American composer and pianist, who achieved fame for his ragtime compositions, and was dubbed "The King of Ragtime". During his brief career, Joplin wrote over 40 original ragtime pieces, one ragtime ballet, and two operas. One of his first pieces, the "Maple Leaf Rag" (1899) has been recognized as the archetypal rag and influenced subsequent rag composers for at least 12 years thanks to its rhythmic patterns, melody lines, and harmony.[1]

His finances were precarious throughout his career, despite a steady income from the "Maple Leaf Rag".[2] Joplin had the majority of his works published by John Stark of Sedalia, Missouri although he did use other lesser-known companies including his own "Scott Joplin Music Publishing Company". His first opera A Guest of Honor was lost after an unsuccessful tour in 1903. After the death of his widow, Lottie, in 1953 a number of manuscripts of unpublished work were lost and no copies of them are known to exist.[3]

When Joplin was learning the piano, serious musical circles condemned ragtime because of its association with the vulgar and inane songs of Tin Pan Alley.[4] As a composer, Joplin refined ragtime, developing it from the dance music played by pianists in brothels in cities like St. Louis.[5] This new art form, the classic rag, combined Afro-American folk music's syncopation and nineteenth-century European romanticism, with its harmonic schemes and its march-like tempos, in particular the works of John Philip Sousa.[6][7][8] With this as a foundation, Joplin intended his compositions to be played exactly as he wrote them – without improvisation.[9] Joplin wrote his rags as "classical" music to raise ragtime above its "cheap bordello" origins and produced work which opera historian Elise Kirk described as "...more tuneful, contrapuntal, infectious, and harmonically colorful than any others of his era."[10]

There are many inconsistencies between the titles of compositions, their subtitles and their respective cover titles, which was seen by the editor of the collected works as reflecting "an editorial casualness" on the part of the publishers, and indicating a genre in which many dance-steps could be performed interchangeably.[11] Many of the works cannot be dated with certainty and the pieces were not always sent to the Copyright Office for copyright registration. In many cases the publication date is the only indication of when the piece was composed.[12]

Title Style Year Form Keys Comments Notes
Please Say You Will Song 1895 Intro Vs1 Ch Intro Vs2 Ch Intro Vs3 Ch Bb Lyrics by Scott Joplin. [13][14]
A Picture Of Her Face Song 1895 Intro Vs1 Ch Coda Vs2 Ch Coda F Lyrics by Scott Joplin. [15][16]
Great Crush Collision March March 1896 Intro AA BB CC DD E D2 E D2 Dm/F/F/Bb... [17]
Combination March March 1896 Intro AA Trans. BB Trans. CC DD Bb/Bb/Eb/Eb [17]
Harmony Club Waltz Waltz 1896 Intro AA BB CC DD EE FF GG A B Bb/Bb/Gm/Bb/G/C/F/Bb/Bb [17]
Original Rags Rag 1899 Intro AA BB CC Abbr.Intro A DD EE G/G/C/G/D/G Arranged by Charles N. Daniels, although this involvement is doubtful. [18][17]
Maple Leaf Rag Rag 1899 AA BB A CC DD Ab/Ab/Ab/Db/Ab [17]
Swipesy Cakewalk Cakewalk 1900 Intro AA BB A CC DD Bb/Bb/Bb/Eb/Bb With Arthur Marshall. [16][17]
Peacherine Rag Rag 1901 Intro AA BB A CC DD Eb/Bb/Eb/Ab/Ab [17]
Sunflower Slow Drag Ragtime Two Step 1901 Intro AA BB A Trans. CC DD Bb/Bb/Bb/Eb/Eb With Scott Hayden. [19][17]
Augustan Club Waltz Waltz 1901 Intro AA BB CC DD Coda Bb/Bb/Gm/Bb [17]
I Am Thinking Of My Pickaninny Days Song 1901 Intro Vs1 Ch Vs2 Ch Bb Lyrics by Henry Jackson. [20][17]
The Easy Winners Ragtime Two Step 1901 Intro AA BB A Trans. CC DD Ab/Ab/Ab/Db/Db [17]
A Blizzard Unknown 1901 - - Lost - unpublished. Mentioned in Indianapolis Freeman, November 16, 1901. [21][17]
Cleopha March and Two Step 1902 Intro AA BB A CC DD F/F/F/Bb/Bb [17]
A Breeze From Alabama March and Two Step 1902 Intro AA BB CC Trans. DD Trans. BB C/C/Ab/F/C [17]
Elite Syncopations Rag 1902 Intro AA BB A CC DD F/F/F/Bb/Bb [17]
The Entertainer Ragtime Two Step 1902 Intro AA BB A CC Trans. DD C/C/C/F/C [17]
March Majestic March and Two Step 1902 Intro AA BB CC D C D C G/G/C... [17]
The Strenuous Life Ragtime Two Step 1902 Intro AA BB A Trans. CC DD C/G/C/F/F [17]
The Ragtime Dance Song 1902 Intro A B CC Trans. DD EE [FF GG HH GG] Bb/Gm/Bb/Eb... Lyrics by Scott Joplin. [15][17]
Something Doing Ragtime Two Step 1903 Intro AA BB A CC DD F/F/F/Bb/Bb With Scott Hayden. [19][17]
Weeping Willow Ragtime Two Step 1903 Intro AA BB A CC DD G/G/G/C/C [17]
Little Black Baby Song 1903 Intro Vs1 Ch1 Vs2 Ch2 Bb Lyrics by Louise Armstrong Bristol. [20][17]
Palm Leaf Rag Rag 1903 Intro AA BB CC Trans. AA Bb/Bb/Eb/Bb [17]
A Guest of Honor Ragtime Opera 1903 2 acts N/A Lost. [17]
Dude's Parade Opera Excerpt 1903 - - Lost - unpublished. Excerpt from A Guest of Honor. Announced in the Indianapolis Freeman, September 12, 1903. [22][17]
Patriotic Patrol Opera Excerpt 1903 - - Lost - unpublished. Excerpt from A Guest of Honor. Announced in the Indianapolis Freeman, September 12, 1903. [18][17]
Maple Leaf Rag Song 1904 Intro Vs1 Ch Int1 Intro Vs2 Ch Int2 Intro Vs3 Ch Eb Lyrics by Sydney Brown. A simplified arrangement not produced by Joplin. [23][18][17]
The Sycamore Concert Rag 1904 Intro AA BB CC DD G/G/C/C [17]
The Favorite Ragtime Two Step 1904 Intro AA BB A CC DD Bb/Gm/Bb/Eb/Eb [17]
The Cascades Rag 1904 Intro AA BB Trans. CC DD C/C/Bb/Eb [17]
The Chrysanthemum Afro-American Intermezzo 1904 Intro AA BB A CC DD C Bb/F/Bb/Eb/Cm/Eb [17]
Bethena Concert Waltz 1905 Intro A Trans. BB Trans. A Trans. CC Trans. DD EE Trans. A Coda G/Bb/G/F/Bm/D/G [17]
Binks' Waltz Waltz 1905 Intro AA BB A CC A Coda Bb/Gm/Bb/Eb/Bb [17]
Sarah Dear Song 1905 Intro Vs1 Ch Vs2 Ch F Lyrics by Henry Jackson. [24][17]
Rosebud Two Step 1905 Intro AA BB CC Trans. AA G/G/C/G [17]
Leola Two Step 1905 AA BB A CC DD Ab/Ab/Ab/Db/Db [17]
You Stand Good with Me, Babe Song 1905 - - Lost - unpublished. Announced in Indianapolis Freeman, July 22, 1905. [16][17]
Eugenia Rag 1906 Intro AA BB A C D C D C Bb/Bb/Bb/Eb... [17]
The Ragtime Dance Stop-Time Two Step 1906 Intro AA BB CC [DD EE FF] Bb/Eb... [17]
Antoinette March and Two Step 1906 Intro AA BB C D C D C G/G/C... [17]
Good-bye Old Gal Good-bye Song 1906 Intro Vs1 Ch Ch Vs2 Ch Ch F Music by H. Carroll Taylor, lyrics by Mac Darden, arranged by Joplin. [25][17]
Snoring Sampson: A Quarrel in Ragtime Song 1907 Intro Vs1 Ch Vs2 Ch C Music & lyrics by Harry La Mertha, arranged by Joplin. [19][17]
The Nonpareil (None To Equal) Ragtime Two Step 1907 Intro AA BB CC DD Bb/Bb/Eb/Eb [17]
When Your Hair Is Like The Snow Song 1907 Intro Vs1 Ch Vs2 Ch C Lyrics by Owen Spendthrift. [16][17]
Gladiolus Rag Rag 1907 AA BB A CC DD Ab/Ab/Ab/Db/Db [17]
Searchlight Rag Rag 1907 Intro AA BB A CC DD Bb/Bb/Bb/Eb/Eb [17]
Lily Queen Ragtime Two Step 1907 Intro AA BB A CC DD C/C/C/F/F By Arthur Marshall, edited by Joplin. [26][20][17]
Rose Leaf Rag Ragtime Two Step 1907 Intro AA BB A CC DD C/C/C/F/F [17]
Heliotrope Bouquet Slow Drag Two Step 1907 Intro A BB A CC DD G/G/G/C/C With Louis Chauvin. [25][17]
Fig Leaf Rag High Class Rag 1908 Intro AA BB A CC DD Bb/Bb/Bb/Eb/Eb [27]
Sugar Cane Ragtime Two Step 1908 AA BB A CC DD Bb/Bb/Bb/Eb/Bb [27]
Sensation Rag 1908 AA BB A CC D G/G/G/C/C By Joseph F. Lamb, arranged by Joplin. [24][27]
Pine Apple Rag Rag 1908 Intro AA BB A CC DD Bb/Bb/Bb/Eb/Eb [27]
School Of Ragtime - 6 Exercises For Piano Exercises 1908 AA; BB; CC; DD; EE; FF C [27]
Pleasant Moments Ragtime Waltz 1909 Intro A BB A CC A Coda G/D/G/C/G [27]
Wall Street Rag Rag 1909 Intro AA BB CC DD C/C/F/F [27][28]
Solace Mexican Serenade 1909 Intro AA BB A CC DD C/C/C/F/F [27]
Country Club Ragtime Two Step 1909 Intro AA BB A CC DD C/C/C/F/F [27]
Euphonic Sounds Syncopated Novelty 1909 Intro AA BB A CC A Coda Bb/Bb/Bb/F/Bb [27]
Paragon Rag Rag 1909 Intro AA BB A CC DD G/G/G/C/C [27]
Stoptime Rag Stop-Time Rag 1910 AA BB A CC DD EE D FF GG C/Am/C... [27]
Pine Apple Rag Song 1910 Intro Vs1A Vs1B Ch Vs2A Vs2B Ch Eb Lyrics by Joe Snyder. [15][27]
Treemonisha Opera 1911 3 acts, 27 chapters N/A [27]
Felicity Rag Ragtime Two Step 1911 Intro AA BB CC Trans. DD C/C/C/F/C With Scott Hayden. Likely composed before 1903. [25][27]
Lovin' Babe Song 1911 Intro Vs1 Ch Vs2 Ch G Lyrics by Al. R. Turner, arranged by Joplin. [20][27]
Scott Joplin's New Rag Rag 1912 Intro AA BB A CC Trans. D A Coda C/Am/C/C/Em/C [27]
Kismet Rag Rag 1913 Intro AA BB A CC DD C/G/C/F/C With Scott Hayden. Likely composed before 1903. [20][27]
A Real Slow Drag Opera Excerpt 1913 Intro A B1 B2 Trans. CC B1 B2 Coda Bm/F/Bb/F Revised excerpt from Treemonisha. [27]
Prelude to Act 3 Opera Excerpt 1913 A B CC A Coda G/Bb/C/G Revised excerpt from Treemonisha. [27]
Silver Swan Rag Rag 1914 Intro AA BB A CC Intro A Bb/Gm/Bb/Eb/Bb Originally published only on piano roll. Sheet music published in 1971. [27]
Magnetic Rag Rag 1914 Intro AA BB CC Trans. DD AA Coda Bb/Gm/Bb/Bbm/Bb [27]
Frolic of the Bears Opera Excerpt 1915 Intro A B1 B2 C Trans. A B1 B2 C Trans. A Coda Em Revised excerpt from Treemonisha. [29][27]
Morning Glories Song 1915 - - Lost - incomplete, and unpublished. Announced by the composer in the Indianapolis Freeman newspaper, September 4, 1915. Seen by biographer Rudi Blesh in 1950. [30][27]
Syncopated Jamboree Vaudeville Act 1915 - - Lost - unpublished. Announced in the Indianapolis Freeman newspaper, September 18, 1915. [31][27]
Pretty Pansy Rag Rag 1915? - - Lost - incomplete, and unpublished. [27]
Recitative Rag Rag 1915? - - Lost - incomplete, and unpublished. [27]
For The Sake Of All Song 1915? - - Lost - incomplete, and unpublished. [27]
If Musical Comedy 1915 - - Lost - announced in the New York Age September 7, 1916. [20][27]
Symphony No. 1 Symphony 1916? - - Lost - announced in the New York Age September 7, 1916. [16][27]
Piano Concerto Piano Concerto 1916? - - Lost - unpublished. [15][27]
Reflection Rag (Syncopated Musings) Rag 1917 Intro AA BB CC DD EE Bb/Gm/Bb/Eb/Eb Published posthumously by Stark, likely from much older unpublished manuscripts. [27]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Blesh 1981, p. xxiii.
  2. ^ Berlin 1994, pp. 52, 56 & 58.
  3. ^ Berlin 1994, pp. 246-248.
  4. ^ Curtis 2004, pp. 37-8.
  5. ^ Whitcombe 1986, p. 24.
  6. ^ Jasen & Tichenor 1978, p. 88.
  7. ^ Davis 1995, pp. 67-68.
  8. ^ Williams 1987.
  9. ^ Scott & Rutkoff 2001, p. 37.
  10. ^ Kirk 2001, p. 190.
  11. ^ Vera Brodsky Lawrence, Editor's Note pix, Scott Joplin Complete Piano Works, New York Public Library, 1981.
  12. ^ Index p. 325, Scott Joplin Complete Piano Works, New York Public Library, 1981.
  13. ^ Berlin 1904, p. 265.
  14. ^ Berlin 1904, p. 268.
  15. ^ a b c d Berlin 1994, p. 265.
  16. ^ a b c d e Berlin 1994, p. 268.
  17. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw Berlin 1994, p. 269.
  18. ^ a b c Berlin 1994, p. 264.
  19. ^ a b c Berlin 1994, p. 267.
  20. ^ a b c d e f Berlin 1994, p. 263.
  21. ^ Berlin 1994, p. 260.
  22. ^ Berlin 1994, p. 261.
  23. ^ Berlin 1994, p. 131.
  24. ^ a b Berlin 1994, p. 266.
  25. ^ a b c Berlin 1994, p. 262.
  26. ^ Berlin 1994, p. 169.
  27. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af Berlin 1994, p. 270.
  28. ^ Edwards, Bill. "Rags and Pieces by Scott Joplin (1906-1917)". RAGPIANO. Retrieved 16 March 2017.
  29. ^ Berlin 1994, pp. 235, 262.
  30. ^ Berlin 1994, pp. 235, 264.
  31. ^ Berlin 1994, pp. 235, 268.

Bibliography[edit]