List of conflicts in Europe

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This is a list of conflicts in Europe ordered chronologically, including wars between European states, civil wars within European states, wars between a European state and a non-European state that took place within Europe, and global conflicts in which Europe was a theatre of war.

There are various definitions of Europe and in particular, there is a significant dispute about the eastern and southeastern boundaries, specifically about how to define the countries of the former Soviet Union. This list is based on a wide definition that includes much of the interface between Europe and Western Asia.


Pre-500 BC[edit]

500–200 BC[edit]

200 BC onwards[edit]

1st–10th century AD[edit]

11th century[edit]

Battle of Hastings (1066)

12th century[edit]

Monument of Didgori Battle, Georgia

13th century[edit]

14th century[edit]

15th century[edit]

16th century[edit]

17th century[edit]

18th century[edit]

19th century[edit]

Scene from the Finnish War (1808), by Albert Edelfelt

20th century[edit]

Explosion of the Hawthorn Ridge mine, 1 July 1916, marked the beginning of the Battle of the Somme.
Republican International Brigadiers on a Soviet T-26 tank at the Battle of Belchite, 1937
German Stuka dive bombers in the Eastern Front (World War II) 1941–45
A Soviet IS-2 tank in Leipzig during the 1953 East Germany Uprising
Icelandic patrol ship ICGV Odinn and British frigate HMS Scylla clash during the Second Cod War
A "Sniper at work" sign in Crossmaglen, a symbol of the IRA sniper campaign in South Armagh during the last stages of the Northern Ireland Troubles
UNPROFOR troops on their way up "Sniper Alley" in Sarajevo during the Bosnian War
A Russian helicopter downed by Chechen militants, during the First Chechen War
The Russian Army's Vostok Battalion in South Ossetia

21st century[edit]

Damaged building during the Donbas War, in Lysychansk, Ukraine, 4 August 2014

Ongoing conflicts[edit]

Ongoing conflicts in Europe
Conflict Includes Date started Duration Casualties
Abkhaz–Georgian conflict 1989 32 years 4,000 to 15,000 killed
Georgian–Ossetian conflict 1989 32 years 2,000+ killed
Nagorno-Karabakh conflict 1991 2 months 7,000+ killed
Dissident Irish Republican campaign 10/04/1998 23 years, 7 months, 2 weeks and 3 days A few dozens, most of them in the 1998 Omagh bombing
Chechen–Russian conflict 1785 236 years 33,000 to 240,000 killed in Second Chechen War
Russo-Ukrainian War 2014-02-20 7 years, 9 months and 1 week 12,800 to 13,000 killed, 27,000 to 30,000 wounded, as of December, 2018

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab Levy, Jack S. (July 15, 2014). War in the Modern Great Power System: 1495--1975. University Press of Kentucky. ISBN 9780813163659 – via Google Books.
  2. ^ Urlanis, B.Ts. (1960). Wars and population. p. 55.
  3. ^ Schmid, Carol L. (1981). Conflict and Consensus in Switzerland. University of California Press. p. 127. ISBN 9780520040793.