List of conflicts in Europe

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

This is a list of conflicts in Europe ordered chronologically, including wars between European states, civil wars within European states, wars between a European state and a non-European state that took place within Europe, and global conflicts in which Europe was a theatre of war.

There are various definitions of Europe and in particular, there is a significant dispute about the eastern and southeastern boundaries, specifically about how to define the countries of the former Soviet Union. This list is based on a wide definition that includes much of the interface between Europe and Western Asia.


Pre-500 BCE[edit]

500–200 BCE[edit]

200 BCE onwards[edit]

1st–10th century CE[edit]

11th century[edit]

Battle of Hastings (1066)

12th century[edit]

Monument of Didgori Battle, Georgia

13th century[edit]

14th century[edit]

15th century[edit]

16th century[edit]

A Burned Village, during the Cudgel War, 1596

17th century[edit]

Morning after the Assault on Copenhagen, 1659
Louis XIV crosses the Rhine at Lobith, during the Franco-Dutch War, 1672

18th century[edit]

Bringing Home the Body of King Charles XII of Sweden, after the Siege of Fredriksten, 1718

19th century[edit]

Napoleon crossing the Alps before the Battle of Marengo, 1800
Prussian troops quarter just outside paris, Franco-Prussian War, 1871

20th century[edit]

Explosion of the Hawthorn Ridge mine, 1 July 1916, marked the beginning of the Battle of the Somme.
Republican International Brigadiers on a Soviet T-26 tank at the Battle of Belchite, 1937
German Stuka dive bombers in the Eastern Front (World War II) 1941–45
A Soviet IS-2 tank in Leipzig during the 1953 East Germany Uprising
Icelandic patrol ship ICGV Odinn and British frigate HMS Scylla clash during the Second Cod War
A "Sniper at work" sign in Crossmaglen, a symbol of the IRA sniper campaign in South Armagh during the last stages of the Northern Ireland Troubles
UNPROFOR troops on their way up "Sniper Alley" in Sarajevo during the Bosnian War
A Russian helicopter downed by Chechen militants, during the First Chechen War
The Russian Army's Vostok Battalion in South Ossetia

21st century[edit]

Damaged building during the Russo-Ukrainian war, in Lysychansk, Ukraine, 4 August 2014

Ongoing conflicts[edit]

Ongoing conflicts in Europe
Conflict Includes Date started Duration Casualties
Dissident Irish republican campaign 20 Feb 1998 24 years, 4 months and 2 days Unknown
Russo-Ukrainian War

2014 pro-Russian unrest in Ukraine
Annexation of Crimea by the Russian Federation
War in Donbas
2021–2022 Russo-Ukrainian crisis
2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine

20 Feb 2014 9 years, 1 month and 2 days 250 000+ to 285 000 killed, 300,000 to 400,000 wounded, as of February, 2023

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab Levy, Jack S. (July 15, 2014). War in the Modern Great Power System: 1495--1975. University Press of Kentucky. ISBN 9780813163659 – via Google Books.
  2. ^ Urlanis, B.Ts. (1960). Wars and population. p. 55.