List of conflicts in Europe

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This is a list of conflicts in Europe ordered chronologically, including wars between European states, civil wars within European states, wars between a European state and a non-European state that took place within Europe, and global conflicts in which Europe was a theatre of war.

There are various definitions of Europe and in particular, there is a significant dispute about the eastern and southeastern boundaries, specifically about how to define the countries of the former Soviet Union. This list is based on a wide definition that includes much of the interface between Europe and Western Asia.


Pre-500 BCE[edit]

500–200 BCE[edit]

200 BCE onwards[edit]

1st–10th century CE[edit]

11th century[edit]

Battle of Hastings (1066)

12th century[edit]

Monument of Didgori Battle, Georgia

13th century[edit]

14th century[edit]

15th century[edit]

16th century[edit]

17th century[edit]

18th century[edit]

19th century[edit]

20th century[edit]

Explosion of the Hawthorn Ridge mine, 1 July 1916, marked the beginning of the Battle of the Somme.
Republican International Brigadiers at the Battle of Belchite, 1937
German Stuka dive bombers in the Eastern Front (World War II) 1941–45
A Soviet IS-2 tank in Leipzig during the 1953 East Germany Uprising
Icelandic patrol ship ICGV Odinn and British frigate HMS Scylla clash during the Second Cod War
A "Sniper at work" sign in Crossmaglen, a symbol of the IRA sniper campaign in South Armagh during the last stages of the Northern Ireland Troubles
UNPROFOR troops on their way up "Sniper Alley" in Sarajevo during the Bosnian War
A Russian helicopter downed by Chechen militants, during the First Chechen War
The Russian Army's Vostok Battalion in South Ossetia

21st century[edit]

Damaged building in Lysychansk, 4 August 2014

Ongoing conflicts[edit]

Ongoing conflicts in Europe
Conflict Part of the Date started Duration
Corsican conflict 04/05/1976 43 years, 3 months, 2 weeks and 1 day
Abkhaz–Georgian conflict 1989 30 years
Georgian–Ossetian conflict 1989 30 years
Dissident Irish Republican campaign 10/04/1998 21 years, 4 months, 1 week and 2 days
Chechen–Russian conflict 1785 234 years
War in Donbass Cold War II 06/04/2014 5 years, 4 months, 1 week and 6 days
Yellow vests riots 17/11/2018 9 months and 2 days

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab War in the Modern Great Power System: 1495--1975.
  2. ^ Urlanis, B.Ts. (1960). Wars and population. p. 55.