List of conflicts in the Near East

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  The limited, modern, archaeological, and historical context of the Near East.
  The Middle and Near East.

This is a list of conflicts in the Near East; first, arranged chronologically from ancient times to the late modern period (c. 3500 BC – AD 1945); second, ordered geographically by sub-regions (starting from east to west; then, south to north). This list includes most present-day sovereign states (some of which may be disputed) beginning eastward from Mesopotamia and Central Asia (the Republic of Iraq, State of Kuwait, the Islamic republics of Iran, Pakistan, and Afghanistan), Syria (the Syrian Arab Republic and Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan), Transcaucasia (the republics of Azerbaijan, Armenia, Georgia, Abkhazia, Artsakh, and South Ossetia), Anatolia and East Thrace (the Republic of Turkey), Arabian Peninsula (Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, State of Qatar, United Arab Emirates, Sultanate of Oman, and Republic of Yemen), Levant (the Lebanese Republic, Republic of Cyprus, Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus, and the states of Israel and Palestine), North Africa (the Arab Republic of Egypt and Republic of the Sudan), and the Maghreb (the State of Libya, Republic of Tunisia, People's Democratic Republic of Algeria, Kingdom of Morocco, Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic, and Islamic Republic of Mauritania). Also listed might be any raid, strike, skirmish, siege, sack, and/or battle (both land and naval), that occurred on the territories of a modern country occupying what may today be referred to as the "Middle East" (or the "Ancient Near East" when in reference to this region's military history during classical antiquity); however, was itself only part of an operation of a campaign in a theater of a greater, interregional war (e.g. any and/or all border, undeclared, colonial, proxy, liberation, world wars, etc.) There may also be periods of violent, civil unrest listed; such as, shootouts, spree killings, massacres, terrorist attacks, coups, assassinations, regicides, riots, rebellions, revolutions, and civil wars (as well as wars of succession and/or independence). The list might also contain episodes of human sacrifice, mass suicide, and ethnic cleansing/genocide.

Ancient times[edit]

Bronze Age[edit]

Egypt[edit]

Mesopotamia[edit]

Levant[edit]

Anatolia[edit]

Early Iron Age[edit]

Note: This section is covering Iron Age I and II, Iron Age III is related as Classic Period

Classical antiquity[edit]

Greco-Persian domination[edit]

Roman, Parthian and Sassanid domination[edit]

Medieval times[edit]

Modern times[edit]

Early modern period[edit]

Early Ottoman expansion[edit]

Ottoman era period conflicts 1453–1516

Conflicts involving the Ottoman empire[edit]

Late modern period[edit]

Conflicts involving the Ottoman empire[edit]

Ottoman Tanzimat period[edit]

Post-Ottoman era conflicts[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ergil, Doğu, PKK: The Kurdistan Workers' Party, in Marianne Heiberg, Brendan O'Leary, John Tirman, eds., Terror, insurgency, and the state: ending protracted conflicts, University of Pennsylvania Press, 2007, p.356
  2. ^ Chaliand, Gérard, The Kurdish tragedy, Palgrave Macmillan, 1994, p.25
  3. ^ Vanly, Ismet Chériff, The Kurds in the Soviet Union, in Philip G. Kreyenbroek, Stefan Sperl, eds., The Kurds: a contemporary overview, Routledge, 2000, p.196