List of coniferous plants of Montana

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Rocky Mountain Juniper

There are at least 20 species of Gymnosperms or Coniferous plants in Montana. [1]

The conifers, division Pinophyta, also known as division Coniferophyta or Coniferae, are one of 13 or 14 division level taxa within the Kingdom Plantae. Pinophytes are gymnosperms. They are cone-bearing seed plants with vascular tissue; all extant conifers are woody plants, the great majority being trees with just a few being shrubs. Typical examples of conifers include cedars, Douglas-firs, cypresses, firs, junipers, kauris, larches, pines, hemlocks, redwoods, spruces, and yews.[2] The division contains approximately eight families, 68 genera, and 630 living species.[3][4]

The Ponderosa Pine, a conifer, is the Montana State Tree.[5]

Cedars and Junipers[edit]

Order: Pinales, Family: Cupressaceae

Fir, Hemlock, Larch, Pine, and Spruce[edit]

Whitebark Pine

Order: Pinales, Family: Pinaceae

Yew[edit]

Order: Pinales, Family: Taxaceae

Further reading[edit]

  • Rydberg, Per Axel PhD (1900). Catalogue of the flora of Montana and the Yellowstone National Park (PDF). New York: New York Botanical Garden.
  • Booth, W.E. (1950). Flora of Montana, Part I Conifers and Monocots. Bozeman, Montana: The Research Foundation at Montana State College.
  • Kavanaugh, James (2005). Montana Trees & Wildflowers: An Introduction to Familiar Species. Waterford Press. ISBN 1-58355-293-6.
  • Little, E.L., Jr. (1979). Checklist of United States trees (native and naturalized). Agriculture Handbook No. 541. Washington, D.C: U.S. Forest Service.
  • Petrides, George A. (1992). A Field Guide to Western Trees. Western United States and Canada. Roger Tory Peterson Field Guides 50th Anniversary Edition. Norwalk, CT: Easton Press.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Montana Field Guide-Conifers". Montana Department of Fish, Wildlife and Parks. Retrieved 2010-12-06.
  2. ^ Campbell, Reece, "Phylum Coniferophyta."Biology. 7th. 2005. Print. P.595
  3. ^ Catalogue of Life: 2007 Annual checklist - Conifer database Archived 2009-01-15 at the Wayback Machine.
  4. ^ Lott, J.; Liu, J.; Pennell, K.; Lesage, A.; West, M. (2002). "Iron-rich particles and globoids in embryos of seeds from phyla Coniferophyta, Cycadophyta, Gnetophyta, and Ginkgophyta: characteristics of early seed plants". Canadian Journal of Botany. 80 (9): 954–961. doi:10.1139/b02-083.
  5. ^ "Montana State Symbols". Retrieved 2010-12-06.
  6. ^ "Montana Field Guide-Common Juniper". Montana Department of Fish, Wildlife and Parks. Retrieved 2010-12-06.
  7. ^ "Montana Field Guide-Creeping Juniper". Montana Department of Fish, Wildlife and Parks. Retrieved 2010-12-06.
  8. ^ "Montana Field Guide-Rocky Mountain Juniper". Montana Department of Fish, Wildlife and Parks. Retrieved 2010-12-06.
  9. ^ "Montana Field Guide-Utah Juniper". Montana Department of Fish, Wildlife and Parks. Retrieved 2010-12-06.
  10. ^ "Montana Field Guide-Western Redcedar". Montana Department of Fish, Wildlife and Parks. Retrieved 2010-12-06.
  11. ^ "Montana Field Guide-Alpine Larch". Montana Department of Fish, Wildlife and Parks. Retrieved 2010-12-06.
  12. ^ "Montana Field Guide-Douglas Fir". Montana Department of Fish, Wildlife and Parks. Retrieved 2010-12-06.
  13. ^ "Montana Field Guide-Engelmann Spruce". Montana Department of Fish, Wildlife and Parks. Retrieved 2010-12-06.
  14. ^ "Montana Field Guide-Grand Fir". Montana Department of Fish, Wildlife and Parks. Retrieved 2010-12-06.
  15. ^ "Montana Field Guide-Limber Pine". Montana Department of Fish, Wildlife and Parks. Retrieved 2010-12-06.
  16. ^ "Montana Field Guide-Lodgepole Pine". Montana Department of Fish, Wildlife and Parks. Retrieved 2010-12-06.
  17. ^ "Montana Field Guide-Mountain Hemlock". Montana Department of Fish, Wildlife and Parks. Retrieved 2010-12-06.
  18. ^ "Montana Field Guide-Ponderosa Pine". Montana Department of Fish, Wildlife and Parks. Retrieved 2010-12-06.
  19. ^ "Montana Field Guide-Subalpine Fir". Montana Department of Fish, Wildlife and Parks. Retrieved 2010-12-06.
  20. ^ "Montana Field Guide-Western Hemlock". Montana Department of Fish, Wildlife and Parks. Retrieved 2010-12-06.
  21. ^ "Montana Field Guide-Western Larch". Montana Department of Fish, Wildlife and Parks. Retrieved 2010-12-06.
  22. ^ "Montana Field Guide-Western White Pine". Montana Department of Fish, Wildlife and Parks. Retrieved 2010-12-06.
  23. ^ "Montana Field Guide-White Spruce". Montana Department of Fish, Wildlife and Parks. Retrieved 2010-12-06.
  24. ^ "Montana Field Guide-Whitebark Pine". Montana Department of Fish, Wildlife and Parks. Retrieved 2010-12-06.
  25. ^ "Montana Field Guide-Pacific Yew". Montana Department of Fish, Wildlife and Parks. Retrieved 2010-12-06.