List of consorts of Tuscany

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The Grand Duchy of Tuscany was founded in 1569. It succeeded the Duchy of Florence. The grand duchy was initially ruled by the House of Medici, until their extinction in 1737. The grand duchy passed to the House of Lorraine, and then, to its cadet branch, the House of Habsburg-Lorraine. The House of Habsburg Lorraine ruled Tuscany from 1765–1801, and then 1814–1859. A reigning grand duchess[1] was styled:

  • (1569–1691) Her Highness The Grand Duchess of Tuscany
  • (1691–1737)[2] Her Royal Highness The Most Serene Grand Duchess of Tuscany
  • (1737–1765) Her Imperial Majesty Holy Roman Empress, the Queen of Hungary and Bohemia, the Archduchess of Austria, the Most Serene Grand Duchess of Tuscany, etc.[3]
  • (1765–1804) Her Royal Highness The Most Serene Grand Duchess of Tuscany, Archduchess of Austria, etc.
  • (1804–1859) Her Imperial and Royal Highness The Most Serene Grand Duchess of Tuscany, Archduchess of Austria, etc.

Margravine of Tuscany[edit]

House of Bonifacii, 812–931[edit]

Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Consort Ceased to be Consort Death Spouse
The names of the wives of Boniface I is not known.
Sin foto.svg Bertha - - - 828
husband's accession
834
husband's deposition
- Boniface I
The names of the wive of Aganus is not known.
Sin foto.svg Anonsuara - - - 847
husband's accession
- Adalbert I
Sin foto.svg Rothilde of Spoleto Guy I of Spoleto
(Widonids)
- 863 886
husband's death
-
Héraldique meuble Fleur de lys lissée.svg Bertha of Lotharingia Lothair II of Lotharingia
(Carolingian)
863 895/898 10/15 September 915
husband's death
8 March 925 Adalbert II
Sin foto.svg Marozia of Tusculum Theophylact I, Count of Tusculum
(Tusculani)
863–8 March 925 925 929
husband's death
932/937 Guy

House of Arles, 931–1001[edit]

Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Consort Ceased to be Consort Death Spouse
Sin foto.svg Willa of Burgundy Rudolph I of Burgundy
(Elder Welf)
- 912 931
husband's accession
936
husband's deposition
after 936 Boso
Sin foto.svg Willa of Spoleto Boniface I of Spoleto - around 936 936
husband's accession
13 February 962
husband's deposition
- Hubert
Sin foto.svg Judith - - - 961
husband's accession
21 December 1001
husband's death
- Hugh

House of Bologna, 1004–1011[edit]

House of ?, 1014–1027[edit]

Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Consort Ceased to be Consort Death Spouse
Sin foto.svg Waldrada Guglielmo - - 1014
husband's accession
1027
husband's death
- Rainier

House of Canossa, 1027–1115[edit]

Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Consort Ceased to be Consort Death Spouse
Sin foto.svg Richelida of Bergamo Giselbert II, Count of Bergamo late 10th century before 1015 1027
husband's accession
after 1034 Boniface IV
Beatrice of Bar.gif Beatrice of Bar Frederick II, Duke of Upper Lorraine
(Ardennes-Bar)
1017 1037 6 May 1052
husband's death
18 April 1076

House of Scheiern, 1120–1127[edit]

House of Sponheim, 1135–1137[edit]

None

House of Welf, 1137–1139[edit]

Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Consort Ceased to be Consort Death Spouse
Gertruda.jpg Gertrude of Süpplingenburg Lothair III, Holy Roman Emperor
(Süpplingenburg)
18 April 1115 29 May 1127 1137
husband's accession
20 October 1139
husband's death
18 April 1143 Henry

House of Attems, 1139–1152[edit]

House of Welf, 1152–1173[edit]

Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Consort Ceased to be Consort Death Spouse
Translation Needed Uta of Calw Godfrey of Calw, Count Palatine of the Rhine
(Calw)
1115/1120 by January 1133 October 1152
husband's accession
1160
their son became Margrave
1197 Welf VI
(1st reign)
11/12 September 1167
husband's accession
1173
husband lost the March
Welf VI
(2nd reign)

House of Hohenstaufen, 1195–1197[edit]

Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Consort Ceased to be Consort Death Spouse
Irene Angelina.jpg Irene Angelina Isaac II Angelos
(Angelos)
1177/1181 25 May 1197 1197
husband ceased to be Margrave
27 August 1208 Philip

De facto consort of Florence[edit]

House of Medici, 1434–1531[edit]

Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Consort Ceased to be Consort Death Spouse
Cappella dei magi, contessina de' bardi.jpg Contessina de' Bardi Alessandro de' Bardi
(Bardi)
1390 1416 6 October 1434
husband's accession
1 August 1464
husband's death
October 1473 Cosimo de' Medici
Lucrezia di Medici.jpg Lucrezia Tornabuoni Francesco Tornabuoni 1425 3 June 1444 1 August 1464
husband's accession
2 December 1469
husband's death
25 March 1482 Piero II de' Medici
Clarice Orsini Giacomo Orsini
(Orsini)
1453 7 February 1469 2 December 1469
husband's accession
29 July 1487 Lorenzo I de' Medici
Sandro Botticelli 068.jpg Alfonsina Orsini Roberto Orsini
(Orsini)
1472 March 1488 9 April 1492
husband's accession
1494
husband's deposition
7 February 1520 Piero II de' Medici
Republic restored 1494-1512
Madeleine de La Tour d'Auvergne.jpg Madeleine de la Tour d'Auvergne John III, Count of Auvergne
(La Tour d'Auvergne)
1501 5 May 1518 28 April 1519 Lorenzo II de' Medici
Republic restored 1527-1530

Duchess of Florence[edit]

House of Medici, 1531–1569[edit]

Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Consort Ceased to be Consort Death Spouse
Margarethe von Parma.jpeg Margaret of Austria Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor
(Habsburg)
28 December 1522 18 January 1536 6 January 1537
husband's death
18 January 1586 Alessandro de' Medici
Angelo Bronzino 069.jpg Eleanor of Toledo Pedro Álvarez de Toledo, Marquis of Villafranca 1522 29 March 1539 6 January 1537
husband's accession
17 December 1562 Cosimo I de' Medici

Grand Duchess of Tuscany[edit]

House of Medici, 1569–1737[edit]

Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Consort Ceased to be Consort Death Spouse
Johanna of Austria.jpg Joanna of Austria Ferdinand I, Holy Roman Emperor
(Habsburg)
24 January 1547 25 December 1565 21 April 1574
husband's accession
11 April 1578 Francesco I
Allori - Bianca Cappello.jpg Bianca Cappello Bartolomeo Cappello
(Cappello)
1548 12 June 1579 17 October 1587
Christine of Lorraine Medici.jpg Christina of Lorraine Charles III, Duke of Lorraine
(Lorraine)
16 August 1565 3 May 1589 17 February 1609
husband's death
9 December 1637 Ferdinando I
Justus Sustermans 030.jpg Maria Magdalena of Austria Charles II, Archduke of Austria
(Habsburg)
7 October 1589 19 October 1608 17 February 1609
husband's accession
28 February 1621
husband's death
1 November 1631 Cosimo II
Vittoria della rovere 3.jpg Vittoria della Rovere Federico Ubaldo della Rovere
(Della Rovere)
7 February 1622 26 September 1633 23 May 1670
husband's death
5 March 1694 Ferdinando II
Marguerite Louise d'Orleans.jpg Marguerite Louise d'Orléans Gaston d'Orléans
(Orléans)
28 July 1645 20 June 1661 23 May 1670
husband's accession
17 September 1721 Cosimo III
Anna Marie Franziska of Saxe-Lauenburg.jpg Anna Maria Franziska of Saxe-Lauenburg Julius Francis, Duke of Saxe-Lauenburg
(Ascania)
13 June 1672 2 September 1697 31 October 1723
husband's accession
9 July 1737
husband's death
15 October 1741 Gian Gastone

The Medici went extinct in 1737. Francis Stpehen, Duke of Lorraine acceded the grand-ducal throne.

House of Lorraine, 1737–1765[edit]

Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Consort Ceased to be Consort Death Spouse
Kaiserin Maria Theresia (HRR).jpg Maria Theresa of Austria Charles VI, Holy Roman Emperor
(Habsburg)
13 May 1717 12 February 1736 9 July 1737
husband's accession
18 August 1765
husband's death
29 November 1780 Francesco II

House of Habsburg-Lorraine, 1765–1801[edit]

Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Consort Ceased to be Consort Death Spouse
Anton Raphael Mengs 012.jpg Maria Luisa of Spain Charles III of Spain
(Bourbon)
24 November 1745 5 August 1765 18 August 1765
husband's accession
20 February 1790
husband's abdication, becomes Holy Roman Empress
15 May 1792 Leopold I
Joseph Dorffmeister 001.jpg Luise of Naples and Sicily Ferdinand I of the Two Sicilies
(Bourbon-Two Sicilies)
27 July 1773 15 August 1790 21 March 1801
husband's deposition
19 December 1802 Ferdinand III

The House of Habsburg-Lorraine was deposed by the Treaty of Aranjuez in 1801. The House of Bourbon-Parma ruled over Tuscany in the form of the Kingdom of Etruria until their own deposition by Napoleon Bonaparte in 1807.

Queen of Etruria[edit]

House of Bourbon-Parma, 1801–1807[edit]

Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Consort Ceased to be Consort Death Spouse
QueenofEtruria.jpg Maria Luisa of Spain Charles IV of Spain
(Bourbon)
6 July 1782 25 August 1795 21 March 1801
husband's accession
27 May 1803
husband's death
13 March 1824 Louis
Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Consort Ceased to be Consort Death Spouse

Grand Duchess of Tuscany[edit]

House of Habsburg-Lorraine, 1814–1859[edit]

The Habsburgs were restored by the Congress of Vienna in 1814.

Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Consort Ceased to be Consort Death Spouse
Maria Ferdinanda of Saxony.jpg Maria Ferdinanda of Saxony Maximilian, Crown Prince of Saxony
(Wettin)
27 April 1796 6 May 1821 18 June 1824
husband's death
3 January 1865 Ferdinand III
Maria Anna of Saxony.jpg Maria Anna of Saxony Maximilian, Crown Prince of Saxony
(Wettin)
15 November 1799 16 November 1817 18 June 1824
husband's accession
24 March 1832 Leopold II
Maria Antonia of the Two Sicilies by Morelli 1840.jpg Maria Antonia of the Two Sicilies Francis I of the Two Sicilies
(Bourbon-Two Sicilies)
19 December 1814 7 June 1833 21 July 1859
husband's abdication/deposition
7 November 1898

Tuscany was annexed to the United Provinces of Central Italy in 1859, and then absorbed into the Kingdom of Sardinia in 1860.

Titular Grand Duchesses[edit]

Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Consort Ceased to be Consort Death Spouse
Alice di Borbone Parma 1849 1935.jpg Alicia of Parma Charles III, Duke of Parma
(Bourbons of Parma)
27 December 1849 11 January 1868 17 January 1908
husband's death
16 November 1935 Ferdinand IV
Maria Cristina de Boubon-Duas Sicílias.jpg Maria Cristina of the Two Sicilies Alfonso, Count of Caserta
(Bourbons of the Two Sicilies)
10 April 1877 8 November 1900 28 February 1942
husband's accession
4 October 1947 Josef Ferdinand
Great coat of arms of the Grand Duchy of Tuscany.svg Princess Dorothea of Bavaria Prince Franz of Bavaria
(Wittelsbach)
25 May 1920 2 August 1938 21 January 1984
husband's death
n/a Gottfried
Great coat of arms of the Grand Duchy of Tuscany.svg Elyssa Edmonstone Sir Archibald Bruce Edmonstone, of Duntreath, 7th Baronet
11 September 1973 18 June 1993 25 June 2013
divorce
n/a Sigismund

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The Bourbon-Parma Kingdom of Etruria, which existed from 1801-1807, had one consort, she was styled as Her Majesty The Queen of Etruria
  2. ^ The dates are theoretical, the first grand duchess became so in 1574, but here the style is dated at the establishment of the grand duchy. The grand duchy had a brief interregnum between 1801 and 1814, when it was part of Etruria, France, and then granted as a courtesy title to Napoleon I's sister, Elisa Bonaparte.
  3. ^ Maria Theresa of Austria was suo jure Queen of Hungary, Queen of Bohemia, Archduchess of Austria, and, as the consort of Francis I, Holy Roman Emperor, she was Holy Roman Empress