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In a political sense,
conspiracy refers to a group of people united in the goal of usurping or overthrowing an established political power. Typically, the final goal is to gain power through a revolutionary coup d'état or through assassination.
A conspiracy is to be contrasted with a
cabal. The two are similar but have quite different connotations; in contrast to a cabal, a conspiracy usually looks to overthrow a fixed power instead of usurping it from within.
Notable political conspiracies [ edit ]
Bye Plot, leads to the execution of Sir George Brooke [10 ]
Gunpowder Plot to blow up the House of Lords during the State Opening of Parliament as prelude to a popular revolt in the Midlands, during which James's nine-year-old daughter, Princess Elizabeth, was to be installed as the Catholic head of state; often called the Gunpowder Treason Plot; origin of Guy Fawkes Day [11 ] 1749 -
Conspiracy of the Slaves by Muslim slaves to kill Grand Master Manuel Pinto da Fonseca and take over Malta with the help of the Barbary states. [12 ] 1788 -
Anjala conspiracy [13 ] 1865 -
Abraham Lincoln assassination plot, to include assassination of cabinet members [14 ] 1898 - The
Dreyfus Affair, a coordinated attempt to falsely accuse Alfred Dreyfus of treason [15 ] 1903 -
, presented as authentic text by the Tsar's secret police efforts to foment anti-Semitism The Protocols of the Elders of Zion [16 ] 1914 - The
Black Hand, a secret society controlled by Serbian Military Intelligence, coordinates the assassination of Franz Ferdinand, thus causing World War I. 1932 to 1972 -
Tuskegee syphilis experiment, to study natural progression of untreated syphilis in black men who thought they were receiving free health care [17 ] 1936 to 1950 - Presumed
General Motors streetcar conspiracy [18 ] 1938 - Presumed
Hitler Youth Conspiracy, NKVD case in Moscow involving some 70 arrests and 40 executions of teenagers and adults, later found to be baseless [19 ] 1939 -
Operation Himmler and its Gleiwitz incident, " False Flag" terrorism by Nazi Germany as pretext for invasion of Poland
Shelling of Mainila, " False Flag" terrorism by USSR as pretext for Winter War [20 ]
See also [ edit ]
References [ edit ]
^ "The Catilinarian Conspiracy". ancienthistory.about.com.
^ "The assassination of Julius Caesar, 44 BC". eyewitnesstohistory.com. 2004.
^ "The Pisonian Conspiracy". nazoreans.com.
^ "The pazzi conspiracy". palazzo-medici.it.
^ "The year of Lucretia d'Este, Duchess of Ferrara". mmdtkw.org.
^ "Plots against Elizabeth I". elizabethfiles.com. 29 January 2010.
^ "Queen Elisabeth I". englishhistory.net.
^ "The Babington Plot". history-magazine.com.
^ "Anthony Babington and the Babington Plot". luminarium.org.
^ "Conspiracy". alienscientist.com.
^ "The Gunpowder plot of 1605". historylearningsite.co.uk.
^ Sciberras, Sandro. "Maltese History - E. The Decline of the Order of St John In the 18th Century" (PDF). St. Benedict College. Archived from the original (PDF) on 26 June 2015.
^ "Anjala Manor". spottinghistory.com.
^ "The Death of President Lincoln, 1865". eyewitnesstohistory.com.
^ "Emile Zola writes to Alfred Dreyfus at the height of the Dreyfus affair". shapell.org.
^ "Jews and Politics in the Twentieth Century: From the Bund to the Rise of the Nazis". Judaica in the Collections of the Hoover Institution Archives. Hoover Institution, Stanford University. 2004. Archived from the original on 2006-06-13 . Retrieved . 2006-04-28
^ "Final report of the Tuskegee Syphilis study legacy committee". exhibits.hsl.virginia.edu.
^ Hodapp, Christopher L. and VonKannon, Alice, Conspiracy Theories & Secret Societies For Dummies, Wiley, 2008, ISBN 978-0-470-18408-0, p. 334
^ Hans Schafranek, Natalia Musienko, "The Fictitious 'Hiter-Jugend' of the Moscow NKVD" in: Barry McLoughlin, Kevin McDermott (Eds.), Stalin's Terror: High Politics and Mass Repression in the Soviet Union. Palgrave MacMillan (2003), p. 208ff. ISBN 1-4039-0119-8. Retrieved November 24, 2011
^ "Operation Himmler". 911review.com.
^ "The Valkyrie Conspiracy". valkyrie-plot.com.
^ "The 20 July bomb plot - a summary". historyinanhour.com. 20 July 2010.
^ "The July bomb plot". historylearningsite.co.uk.
^ "Wannsee Conference and the "Final Solution. "" ushmm.org.
^ "Operation Ajax: CIA, Muhammad Mossadeq, and the Shah of Iran". coldwar.org.
^ "Israel Military Intelligence: The Lavon Affair". jewishvirtuallibrary.org.
^ "Pompidou dans la tourmente". lexpress.fr. 26 July 2007.
^ "The history place". historyplace.com.
^ "What was the Watergate Scandal?". uspolitics.about.com.
^ "Hunger strikes and the Brighton bomb". news.bbc.co.uk. 18 March 1999.
^ "The fighting solidarity organization". sw.org.pl.
^ "A strange but true tale of voter fraud and bioterrorism". theatlantic.com. 10 June 2014.
^ "The Iran Contra Affair 1986-1987". washingtonpost.com.
^ "Iran contra affair". infoplease.com.
^ "How PR sold the war in the persian gulf". prwatch.org.