List of political conspiracies

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In a political sense, conspiracy refers to a group of people united in the goal of usurping, altering or overthrowing an established political power. Typically, the final goal is to gain power through a revolutionary coup d'état or through assassination. A conspiracy can also be used for infiltration of the governing system.

A conspiracy is to be contrasted with a cabal. The two are similar but have quite different connotations; in contrast to a cabal, a conspiracy usually looks to overthrow a fixed power instead of usurping it from within.

A "conspiracy theory" is a belief that a conspiracy has actually been decisive in producing a political event which the theorists strongly disapprove of.[1]

Notable political conspiracies[edit]

Bye Plot, leads to the execution of Sir George Brooke[12]
Shelling of Mainila, "False Flag" terrorism by USSR as pretext for Winter War[citation needed]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Joseph E. Uscinski and Joseph M. Parent, American Conspiracy Theories (2014) pp 31-34.
  2. ^ Hawass, Zahi, The Mysteries of Abu Simbel: Ramesses II and the Temples of the Rising Sun, The American University in Cairo Press, 2001, ISBN 977-424-623-3, p. 12
  3. ^ "The Catilinarian Conspiracy". ancienthistory.about.com.
  4. ^ "The assassination of Julius Caesar, 44 BC". eyewitnesstohistory.com. 2004.
  5. ^ "The Pisonian Conspiracy". nazoreans.com.
  6. ^ "The pazzi conspiracy". palazzo-medici.it.
  7. ^ "The year of Lucretia d'Este, Duchess of Ferrara". mmdtkw.org.
  8. ^ "Plots against Elizabeth I". elizabethfiles.com. 29 January 2010.
  9. ^ "Queen Elisabeth I". englishhistory.net.
  10. ^ "The Babington Plot". history-magazine.com.
  11. ^ "Anthony Babington and the Babington Plot". luminarium.org.
  12. ^ "Conspiracy". alienscientist.com.
  13. ^ "The Gunpowder plot of 1605". historylearningsite.co.uk.
  14. ^ Sciberras, Sandro. "Maltese History - E. The Decline of the Order of St John In the 18th Century" (PDF). St. Benedict College. Archived from the original (PDF) on 26 June 2015.
  15. ^ "Anjala Manor". spottinghistory.com.
  16. ^ "The Death of President Lincoln, 1865". eyewitnesstohistory.com.
  17. ^ "Emile Zola writes to Alfred Dreyfus at the height of the Dreyfus affair". shapell.org.
  18. ^ "Jews and Politics in the Twentieth Century: From the Bund to the Rise of the Nazis". Judaica in the Collections of the Hoover Institution Archives. Hoover Institution, Stanford University. 2004. Archived from the original on 2006-06-13. Retrieved 2006-04-28.
  19. ^ Vladimir Dedijer, The road to Sarajevo (1966) pp 285-315.
  20. ^ https://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/politics/10363320/Top-political-conspiracy-theories.html
  21. ^ Hans Schafranek, Natalia Musienko, "The Fictitious 'Hiter-Jugend' of the Moscow NKVD" in: Barry McLoughlin, Kevin McDermott (Eds.), Stalin's Terror: High Politics and Mass Repression in the Soviet Union. Palgrave MacMillan (2003), p. 208ff. ISBN 1-4039-0119-8. Retrieved November 24, 2011
  22. ^ "The Valkyrie Conspiracy". valkyrie-plot.com.
  23. ^ "The 20 July bomb plot - a summary". historyinanhour.com. 20 July 2010.
  24. ^ "The July bomb plot". historylearningsite.co.uk.
  25. ^ Mark J. Gasiorowski, "The 1953 coup d'etat in Iran." International Journal of Middle East Studies 19.3 (1987): 261-286.
  26. ^ "Israel Military Intelligence: The Lavon Affair". jewishvirtuallibrary.org.
  27. ^ "What was the Watergate Scandal?". uspolitics.about.com.
  28. ^ "The fighting solidarity organization". sw.org.pl.
  29. ^ "Hunger strikes and the Brighton bomb". news.bbc.co.uk. 18 March 1999.
  30. ^ "A strange but true tale of voter fraud and bioterrorism". theatlantic.com. 10 June 2014.
  31. ^ "The Iran Contra Affair 1986–1987". washingtonpost.com.
  32. ^ "Iran contra affair". infoplease.com.
  33. ^ "Chapter 1.1: 'We Have Some Planes': Inside the Four Flights", 9/11 Commission Report (PDF), National Commission on Terrorist Attacks Upon the United States, 2004
  34. ^ Mario Arturo Ruiz Estrada, and Evangelos Koutronas. "Terrorist attack assessment: Paris November 2015 and Brussels March 2016." Journal of Policy Modeling 38.3 (2016): 553-571. online

Further reading[edit]

  • Burnett, Thom. Conspiracy Encyclopedia: The Encyclopedia of Conspiracy Theories (2006)
  • Knight, Peter, ed. Conspiracy Theories in American History: An Encyclopedia (2003)
  • Newton, Michael, ed. Famous Assassinations in World History: An Encyclopedia (2 vol ABC-CLIO, 2014), covers 266 assassinations and attempted assassinations of world political leaders from 465 BCE to 2012.
  • Newton, Michael, ed. The Encyclopedia of Conspiracies and Conspiracy Theories (2005)
  • Sifakis, Carl. Encyclopedia of Assassinations (Facts on File 2001),