List of constituent assemblies

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

This is a(n incomplete) list of constituent assemblies:

Name Country Formation and dissolution Notes
National Constituent Assembly
Assemblée nationale constituante
France 1789–1791 Formed during the French Revolution
Constituent Assembly
Norway 1814 Adopted the current Constitution of Norway
National Congress
Congrès national
Nationaal Congres
Belgium 1830 Elected after the Provisional Government of Belgium had proclaimed the independence, adopted the Constitution and appointed the first King of the Belgians, dissolved after the first Belgian Parliament was elected
Constituent Assembly
Assemblée constituante
Luxembourg 1848 Adopted the Constitution of Luxembourg after being elected, and then replaced by the first Chamber of Deputies
National Constituent Assembly
Assembleia Nacional Constituinte
Portugal 1911 Elected on 28 May 1911, following 5 October 1910 Portuguese Republican Revolution
All-Russian Constituent Assembly
Всероссийское Учредительное собрание
Russia 1918 Elected after the October Revolution of 1917
Weimar National Assembly
Weimarer Nationalversammlung
Germany 1919–1920 Enacted the Weimar Constitution in 1919, bringing into being the Weimar Republic
Constituent Assembly of Georgia
საქართველოს დამფუძნებელი კრება
Georgia 1919–1921 Elected in 1919 and enacted the 1921 constitution
Estonian Constituent Assembly Estonia 15 June 1920 adopted the first Constitution of the Republic of Estonia, according to which Estonia was a parliamentary democratic republic
Constituent Assembly of Lithuania
Steigiamasis Seimas
Flag of Lithuania (1918-1940).svg Lithuania 1920–1922 Elected in 1920 and enacted the 1922 constitution
Third Dáil
(Irish Constituent Assembly)
Irish Free State 1922 Elected in 1922 and, in the same year, enacted the Constitution of the Irish Free State by means of which the Irish Free State seceded from the UK
Syrian Constituent Assemblies Flag of Syria (1932-1958; 1961-1963).svg Syria Formed in 1930 following the defeat of the Ottoman Empire and the introduction of the French Mandate, and in 1949 to reintroduce civilian rule after a series of military governments
National Assembly
Guómín Dàhuì
Taiwan Also known as the National Constituent Assembly, enacted the Republic of China's current constitution in 1946
Constituent Assembly of Italy
Assemblea Costituente della Repubblica Italiana
Italy 1946–1948 Formed on 25 June 1946 following the referendum on republic or monarchy, dissolved the adoption of the Constitution, on 12 May 1948
Constituent Assembly of Costa Rica
Asamblea Nacional Constituyente de Costa Rica
Costa Rica 1949 Acting between January and November 1949, wrote the current Costa Rican Constitution.
Constituent Assembly of India India 1946–1950 Formed on 9 December 1946 to write the Constitution, and serve as India's first Parliament, dissolving on 26 January 1950 when India became a republic
Constituent Assembly of Indonesia
Indonesia 1956–1959 Elected in 1955, and sitting between 10 November 1956 and 2 July 1959, when the previous 1945 constitution was reimposed
Constituent Assembly of Pakistan Pakistan 1947 Formed on 10 August 1947 to write the Constitution, and serve as Pakistan's first parliament. It was dissolved on 24 October 1954 and reconstituted after fresh elections on 28 May 1955, lasting until 23 March 1956 when Pakistan became a republic
Constituent Assembly of Bangladesh Bangladesh 1972 Formed in 1972 to draft the Constitution
Constituent Assembly
Assembleia Constituinte
Portugal 1975–1976 Elected on 25 April 1975, following the Carnation Revolution, and enacted the current Constitution
Constitutional Assembly of Peru Peru Condoned by the military dictatorship of General Francisco Morales Bermúdez Cerruti following paralyzing national strikes of May 1978 and June 1979, it produced a new constitution for Peru with many new civil liberties and was followed by new elections and a return to democratic rule in 1980
Constituent Assembly of El Salvador El Salvador 1982 Elected in 1982 as a provisional parliament and presidential electoral college, and charged with drafting the Constitution
National Constituent Assembly
Asamblea Nacional Constituyente
Colombia 1991 Formed on 5 February 1991 to draft the country's constitution. It was dissolved in July 1991 when the document was adopted nationwide
Democratic Constitutional Congress
Congreso Constituyente Democrático
Peru 1992–1993 Convened by Alberto Fujimori in 1992 to draft a new constitution
National Constituent Assembly
Asamblea Nacional Constituyente
Venezuela 1999 Adopted the Constitution of 1999
Iraqi Constituent Assembly Iraq 2005 Elected on 30 January 2005, after the collapse of the dictatorship of Saddam Hussein, caused by the U.S. invasion, adopted the Constitution of the new democratic, parliamentary and regional Iraq, approved by a referendum of 15 October 2005
Constituent Assembly
Asamblea Constituyente
Bolivia 2006–2007 Approved the new Political Constitution of the State on 9 December 2007. It was put to a national referendum held on 25 January 2009, and went into force on 7 February 2009
First Constituent Assembly of Nepal
नेपालको पहिलो संविधान सभा
Nepal 2008–2012 Following the end of the Nepalese Civil War and after several postponements it was elected on 10 April 2008. The first session was scheduled on 28 May 2008 upon which Nepal should be declared a republic
Loya jirga
(Grand assembly)
Afghanistan Afghanistan traditional large council to settle major conflict or enact constitutional change
Ecuadorian Constituent Assembly
Asamblea Constituyente
Ecuador Which is to draft the future constitution of Ecuador – to be established according to the results of the referendum held on 15 April 2007
Constitutional Assembly of Estonia Estonia Set up in 1992 consisted of an equal number of members from the Supreme Soviet of the Estonian SSR and the Congress of Estonia
Constituent Assembly of Montenegro Montenegro 2006–2007 Elected in 2006 to replace the old Yugoslav constitution, enacted the current constitution on 22 October 2007
Constituent Assembly of the Philippines Philippines
Icelandic Constitutional Assembly
Iceland Summoned by an act of Althingi, the Icelandic parliament, on 16 June 2010 for the purpose of reviewing the Constitution of the Republic
Constitutional Assembly of Ukraine
Конституційна Асамблея
Ukraine A special auxiliary agency under the president of Ukraine set up in May 2012 for drawing up bills of amendments to the Constitution of Ukraine; the president then will table them in parliament[1]
Constitutional Assembly of South Africa South Africa Established by the Constitution of South Africa, 1993 (Interim Constitution) to adopt a final constitution.[2] The Parliament of South Africa acted in the capacity of the Constitutional Assembly until the Constitution of South Africa, 1996 was adopted