List of Roman consuls designate

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This is a list of Roman consuls designate, individuals who were either elected or nominated to the highest elected political office of the Roman Republic, or a high office of the Empire, but who for some reason did not enter office at the beginning of the year, either through death, disgrace, or due to changes in imperial administration.

6th century to 2nd century BC[edit]

Year Nominated consul(s) Replacement consul(s) Reason for failure to take office
393 L. Valerius Potitus Poplicola and Ser. Cornelius Maluginensis L. Lucretius Tricipitinus Flavus and Ser. Sulpicius Camerinus Elected but abdicated before installation[1]
220 M. Valerius Laevinus and Q. Mucius Scaevola Q. Lutatius Catulus and L. Veturius Philo Elected but gave up magistracies before being installed[2]
215 L. Postumius Albinus M. Claudius Marcellus Elected but died in Gallia Cisalpina prior to taking office[3]
108 Q. Hortensius M. Aurelius Scaurus Prosecuted and condemned before taking office[4]

1st century BC[edit]

Year Nominated consul(s) Replacement consul(s) Reason for failure to take office
99 Gaius Memmius Aulus Postumius Albinus Elected consul designate in 100 BC, but was murdered on the day he was elected in a riot sparked by Gaius Servilius Glaucia and Lucius Appuleius Saturninus[5]
68 Servilius Vatia None Consul suffectus designate, elected after the death of Lucius Caecilius Metellus, but died before taking office[6]
65 P. Cornelius Sulla and P. Autronius Paetus L. Aurelius Cotta and L. Manlius Torquatus Condemned for bribery before taking office[7]
42 D. Junius Brutus M. Aemilius Lepidus Nominated in 45 BC by Julius Caesar, but his involvement in Caesar's assassination saw him killed in the civil war that followed (43 BC).[8]
41 G. Cassius Longinus and M. Junius Brutus L. Antonius Pietas and P. Servilius Isauricus II Nominated by Julius Caesar, but their leading involvement in Caesar's assassination saw them killed at the Battle of Philippi in the civil war that followed (42 BC).[9]
39 Q. Salvidienus Rufus  ? L. Marcius Censorinus Nominated by Octavianus, but his proposal to Marcus Antonius to betray Octavianus was uncovered, and he was either killed or committed suicide in 40 BC.[10][11]
33 S. Pompeius Magnus  ? L. Volcatius Tullus As part of the treaty of Misenum, Sextus Pompeius was promised the consulate for this year. He died in 35 BC after falling out with Octavianus.[12][13]
31 M. Antonius M. Valerius Messalla Corvinus Agreed that he would share the consulship in 31 BC with Octavianus, and although he claimed the office, it was not recognized in Rome.[14]
23 A. Varro Murena Cn. Calpurnius Piso Died before taking office[15]

1st century AD[edit]

Year Nominated consul(s) Replacement consul(s) Reason for failure to take office
4 L. Julius Caesar  ? P. Vinicius Nominated consul designate in 2 BC for the year 4 AD, but died 2 years before he was due to take office[16]
40 M. Cocceius Nerva None Nominated consul designate for 40 AD but died before taking office[17]
49 C. Silius  ? C. Pompeius Longus Gallus Nominated consul designate by the emperor Claudius, but was executed after marrying Claudius's wife, Valeria Messalina, in a probable plot against the emperor.[18]
65 Plautius Lateranus Nominated consul designate for 65 AD, but was killed for his involvement against the emperor Nero in the Pisonian conspiracy.[19]
68 Cingonius Varro Nominated by Nero as consul designate for 68 AD, but was killed by Galba in the aftermath of the failed usurpation of Nymphidius Sabinus.[20]
69 P. Petronius Turpilianus Was consul designate in 68 AD, but was executed by Galba on his way to Rome.[21]
70 P. Valerius Marinus Valerius Asiaticus Nominated consul designate in 69 AD by the emperor Galba, but was deferred upon Galba's death.[22]
70 Valerius Asiaticus T. Caesar Vespasianus Nominated consul designate by Vitellius in 69 AD, but was put aside with the accession of Vespasian.[23]
83 M. Pompeius Silvanus Staberius Flavinus III Nominated consul designate by Domitian, but died before taking office.[24]

2nd and 3rd centuries AD[edit]

Year Nominated consul(s) Replacement consul(s) Reason for failure to take office
128 P. Metilius Nepos Nominated consul designate for 128 AD but died in either 127 or 128 prior to his taking office.
179 Gn. Julius Verus II[25]

4th and 5th centuries AD[edit]

Year Nominated consul(s) Replacement consul(s) Reason for failure to take office
377 L. Aurelius Avianius Symmachus Flavius Merobaudes Nominated consul designate in 376 AD but died that same year prior to his taking office.[26]
385 Vettius Agorius Praetextatus Flavius Bauto Nominated consul designate in 384 AD but died that same year prior to his taking office.[27]
401 Gainas Flavius Fravitta Nominated consul designate in 400 AD by the emperor Arcadius for the following year, but was killed during the political upheavals orchestrated by Aelia Eudoxia.[28]


  1. ^ Swan, pg. 238
  2. ^ Swan, pgs. 238-239
  3. ^ Swan, pg. 239
  4. ^ Swan, pgs. 239-240
  5. ^ Broughton III (1986), pg. 23
  6. ^ Broughton, pg. 136
  7. ^ Broughton, pg. 156; Swan, pg. 240
  8. ^ Broughton, pg. 346
  9. ^ Francis X. Ryan, Rank and participation in the republican senate (1998), pg. 248
  10. ^ Swan, pg. 244
  11. ^ Syme, pg. 220
  12. ^ Swan, pg. 244
  13. ^ Syme, pg. 221
  14. ^ Swan, pg. 244
  15. ^ Swan, pgs. 240-242
  16. ^ Syme, pg. 417
  17. ^ Wardle, D., Suetonius' Life of Caligula: a commentary (1994) pg. 180
  18. ^ Barbara Levick, Claudius, pg. 66
  19. ^ Griffin, Miriam T., Nero: The End of a Dynasty (2002) pg. 194
  20. ^ Vasily Rudich, Political dissidence under Nero: the price of dissimulation (1993), pg. 224
  21. ^ Barbara Levick, Vespasian (2005) pg. 43
  22. ^ Syme, Ronald, Governors Dying in Syria in Zeitschrift für Papyrologie und Epigraphik, 1981, pp125-144
  23. ^ Barbara Levick, Vespasian (2005) pg. 79
  24. ^ Brian Jones, The Emperor Domitian (1993) pg. 55
  25. ^ Linda Jones Hall, Roman Berytus: Beirut in late antiquity (2004). pg. 118
  26. ^ Jones & Martindale, pg. 864
  27. ^ Jones & Martindale, pg. 723
  28. ^ Alan Cameron, Barbarians and politics at the Court of Arcadius, (1993), pg. 327


  • T. Robert S. Broughton, The Magistrates of the Roman Republic, Vol II (1952).
  • Jones, A. H. M., & Martindale, J. R. The Prosopography of the Later Roman Empire, Vol I (260-395 AD), (1971)
  • Swan, Michael, "The Consular Fasti of 23 BC and the Conspiracy of Varro Murena", Harvard Studies in Classical Philology, 71 (1967), pp. 235 - 247
  • Syme, Ronald, The Roman Revolution, Oxford University Press (1939).