List of contemporary ethnic groups

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The following is a list of contemporary ethnic groups. There has been constant debate over the classification of ethnic groups. Membership of an ethnic group tends to be associated with shared ancestry, history, homeland, language or dialect and cultural heritage; where the term "culture" specifically includes aspects such as religion, mythology and ritual, cuisine, dressing (clothing) style and other factors.

By the nature of the concept, ethnic groups tend to be divided into subgroups, may themselves be or not be identified as independent ethnic groups depending on the source consulted.

Ethnic groups[edit]

The following groups are commonly identified as "ethnic groups", as opposed to ethno-linguistic phyla, national groups, racial groups or similar.

Ethnicity Language(s) Primary homeland Subgroups, tribes & castes Religion(s)
ǃKung KxʼaǃKung[note 1] Namibia (Kalahari Desert) Animism
Abagusii Niger–CongoBantuGusii Kenya (Kisii County) Christianity, Traditional African religion
Abazins Northwest CaucasianAbazgiAbaza Russia (Abazinia) Significant populations in Turkey, Egypt, and Russia IslamSunni Islam
Abelam SepikNduAbelam Papua New Guinea (East Sepik) Christianity
Abenaki AlgicAlgonquianWestern Abenaki, formerly AlgicAlgonquianEastern Abenaki Canada (Quebec), United States (Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont) Abenaki religion
Abkhazians Northwest CaucasianAbazgiAbkhaz Georgia (Abkhazia)[note 2] Sadz, Afro-Abkhazians ChristianityEastern Orthodoxy, IslamSunni Islam
Acehnese AustronesianChamicAcehnese Indonesia (Aceh) Significant populations in Australia, Canada, Denmark, Norway, Sweden, and the United States IslamSunni Islam
Achagua ArawakanUpper Amazon ArawakanAchagua Colombia (Meta), Venezuela Traditional religion, ChristianityCatholicism
Acholi Nilo-SaharanNiloticAcholi South Sudan, Uganda (Acholiland) Christianity
Adjoukrou Niger–CongoKwaAdjukru Ivory Coast (Dabou) Christianity
Afar Afro-AsiaticCushiticAfar Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia (Afaria) Islam
Afemai Niger–CongoEdoidAfenmai Nigeria (Edo State) Christianity
Afghan Tatars TurkicKipchakTatar → Afghan Tatar; Indo-EuropeanIranianDari, Pashto; TurkicKarlukUzbek; TurkicOghuzTurkmen Afghanistan (Afghan Turkestan) IslamSunni IslamHanafi
African-Americans Indo-EuropeanGermanicEnglish; Indo-EuropeanFrench CreoleLouisiana Creole; Indo-EuropeanEnglish CreoleGullah, Afro-Seminole Creole; Francosign → ASLic → American SignBlack American Sign United States, Mexico (Coahuila) Black Southerners, Creoles of color, Freedmen (including Black Seminoles (including Mascogos), Cherokee Freedmen, Choctaw Freedmen, Creek Freedmen), Gullah, Samaná Americans, Affrilachians, along with significant populations in France, Africa (including Ghana), Israel, and Canada ChristianityProtestantismBlack church; Hoodoo
Afrikaners Indo-EuropeanGermanicDutchAfrikaans South Africa Boers, Afrikaner-Jews ChristianityProtestantismCalvinism
Afro-Argentines Indo-EuropeanRomanceSpanishArgentinian Spanish Argentina ChristianityCatholicism
Afro-Brazilians Indo-EuropeanRomancePortuguese, Indo-EuropeanRomanceCafundo Brazil Zambo ChristianityCatholicism
Afro-Turks TurkicOghuzTurkish Turkey Islam
Afro-Virgin Islanders Indo-EuropeanEnglish-based creolesVirgin Islands Creole; formerly Indo-EuropeanZeelandic-based creolesNegerhollands Virgin Islands (United Kingdom, United States), SSS islands (Netherlands, France) Christianity
Agaw Afro-AsiaticCushiticAgaw[note 1] Horn of Africa (Ethiopia, Eritrea)[note 3] Bilen, Ximre, Awi, Qemant ChristianityOriental Orthodoxy
Aghuls Northeast CaucasianLezgicAghul Russia (Dagestan) IslamSunni Islam[1]
Ahiarmiut EskaleutInuitInuktitutAhiarmiut[2] Canada (Kivalliq Region)
Ahom Kra–DaiTaiAhom[note 4] India (Assam) Hinduism
Aikana Aikana language Brazil (Rondonia) Animism
Aimaq Indo-EuropeanIranianPersianAimaq Afghanistan Aimaq Hazara, Firozkohi, Jamshidi, Aimaq Kipchaks, Timuri, Taymani IslamSunni Islam
Ainus AinuHokkaido Ainu; formerly AinuSakhalin Ainu, Kuril Ainu Japan (Hokkaido, Tōhoku region), Russia (Sakhalin, Kamchatka Peninsula, Khabarovsk Krai), Kuril Islands (Russia or Japan) Hokkaido Ainu (including Ishikari Ainu, Menasunkur Ainu, and Sumunkur Ainu), Tokyo Ainu, Sakhalin Ainu, and Russian Ainu AnimismAinu folk religion, BuddhismNichiren Shōshū, Shinto, ChristianityEastern OrthodoxyRussian Orthodoxy
Aja Niger–CongoKwaAdja Benin, Togo West African Vodun
Aka Niger–CongoBantuAka Central African Republic, Republic of the Congo Traditional Aka religion[3]
Akans Niger–CongoKwaCentral Tano,[note 1][note 5] Niger–CongoKwaAvikamAlladian,[note 1] Niger–CongoKwaPotou,[note 1] Niger–CongoKwaAbé, Niger–CongoKwaAbidji, Niger–CongoKwaAttie, Niger–CongoKwaEga[4] FrancosignAmerican SignGhanaian Sign, Adamorobe Sign, Nanabin Sign Ghana (Gold Coast)[note 6] Abbé, Abidji, Ahafo, Ahanta, Akuapem, Akwamu, Akyem, Alladian, Anyi, Ashanti, Assin, Attie, Avikam, Baoulé, Bonos, Chakosi, Egas, Evalue, Fante, M'Bato, Nzema, Sefwi (including House of Israel), Tchaman, Wasa Christianity
Akha Sino-TibetanLoloishAkha China (Pu'er and Xishuangbanna)[note 7] Akeu Animism
Akhvakhs Northeast CaucasianAvar–AndicAkhvakh Russia (Dagestan) Islam
Akie Nilo-SaharanNiloticAkie, Nilo-SaharanNiloticMaasai[5] Tanzania (Manyara Region) Traditional Akie religion[6]
Alabamas Muskogean → Alabama–Koasati → Alabama[note 8] United States (Alabama–Quassarte Tribal Town, Alabama–Coushatta Reservation)[note 9] ChristianityProtestantism, Ethnic religion
Alaskan Creoles Indo-EuropeanSlavicRussianAlaskan Russian, formerly Indo-European and EskaleutRussian and AleutMednyj Aleut United States (Alaska) ChristianityEastern OrthodoxyRussian Orthodoxy
Alavi Bohras Indo-EuropeanIndo-AryanGujaratiLisan ud-Dawat India (Gujarat) IslamShia IslamIsma'ilism
Albanians Indo-EuropeanAlbanoidAlbanian,[note 1] Albanian Sign Language, Francosign → Austro-Hungarian Sign → Yugoslav Sign Language Albania, Kosovo, North Macedonia (Ilirida), Greece (Chameria), Serbia (Preševo Valley) Ghegs (including Arbanasi and Kosovars), Tosks (including Arbereshe, Cham Albanians, Arvanites), along with significant populations in Turkey, Egypt, Syria, France, the United Kingdom Italy, Spain, Germany, the Netherlands, Austria, Belgium, Nordic countries, Switzerland, Greece (including Western Thrace), Ukraine, Romania, Hungary, Croatia, Montenegro, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Serbia, Bulgaria, North Macedonia, Australia, Canada, and the United States IslamSunni Islam, IslamSufismBektashism, Christianity
Aleuts EskaleutAleut Aleutian Islands (United States, Russia) Agdaagux Tribe ChristianityEastern Orthodoxy
Alexandrian Greek Christians Afro-AsiaticArabicEgyptian Arabic, historically Indo-EuropeanHellenic Egypt ChristianityEastern OrthodoxyGreek OrthodoxyGreek Orthodox Church of Alexandria, CatholicismMelkite Catholicism
Altaians TurkicKipchakSouthern Altai, TurkicSiberian TurkicNorthern Altai Russia (Altai Republic and Altai Krai), Mongolia (Altai Mountains), China (Altay Prefecture) Altai faith
Alur Nilo-SaharanNiloticAlur Uganda (West Nile sub-region), Democratic Republic of the Congo (Ituri Province) Christianity
Alutiiq Eskaleut → Eskimo → Alutiiq United States (Alaska) Chugach Christianity
Alyutors Chukotko-KamchatkanChukotkanAlyutor Russia (Koryak Okrug) Shamanism, ChristianityEastern Orthodoxy
Ambonese AustronesianMalayicAmbonese Malay Indonesia (Ambon Island) ChristianityProtestantismCalvinism
Ambundu Niger–CongoBantuKimbundu Angola Christianity, Traditional African religions
Americo-Liberians Indo-EuropeanGermanicEnglish, Indo-EuropeanGermanicEnglishMerico, Indo-EuropeanGermanicEnglishLiberian Kreyol Liberia ChristianityProtestantism
Amhara Afro-AsiaticSemiticEthiopicAmharic Ethiopia (Amharia) ChristianityOriental Orthodoxy
Amis AustronesianFormosanAmis Taiwan (Taitung and Hualien Counties) Animism, Christianity
Amish Indo-EuropeanGermanicPennsylvania Dutch, Indo-EuropeanGermanicAlemannic GermanAlsatian United States (Pennsylvania) Old Order Amish (including Swiss Amish, Nebraska Amish, Swartzentruber Amish, Buchanan Amish, Andy Weaver Amish, Troyer Amish, Byler Amish, Renno Amish, Holmes Old Order Amish, Elkhart-LaGrange Amish, Lancaster Amish, and Tobe Amish), New Order Amish, ChristianityAnabaptism
Amung Trans-New GuineaAmung Indonesia (Mimika, Puncak) Christianity
Andalusians Indo-EuropeanRomanceSpanishAndalusian Spanish Spain (Andalusia) ChristianityCatholicism
Andis Northeast CaucasianAvar–AndicAndi Russia (Dagestan) Islam
Aneuk Jamee AustronesianMalayicMinangkabauAneuk Jamee[note 10] Indonesia (Aceh) Islam
Anglo Afro-Caribbean Indo-EuropeanGermanicEnglishCaribbean EnglishEnglish-based creoles Anguila, Antigua and Barbuda, The Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Bermuda, British Virgin Islands, Cayman Islands, Dominica, Grenada, Guyana, Jamaica, Montserrat, San Andres y Providencia, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Trinidad and Tobago, Turks and Caicos Islands and U.S. Virgin Islands Afro-Antiguans and Barbudans, Afro-Bahamians, Afro-Barbadians, Afro-Bermudians, Afro-Dominicans, Afro-Grenadians, Afro-Guyanese, Afro-Jamaicans, Afro-Kittitians and Nevisians, Afro-Saint Lucians, Afro-Trinidadians and Tobagonians, Afro-Vincentians, Belizean Creole, Raizal ChristianityProtestantismAnglicanism, Methodism, Calvinism, Baptist; Catholicism
Anglo-Americans Indo-EuropeanGermanicEnglishUnited States English United States of America New England Americans, Middle Atlantic Americans, Midwestern Americans, Southern Americans, Western Americans ChristianityProtestantismAnglicanism, Methodism, Calvinism; Catholicism
Anglo-Burmese Indo-EuropeanGermanicEnglish, Sino-TibetanLolo-BurmeseBurmese, Sino-TibetanTibeto-BurmanKarenicKaren Myanmar Significant population in Western Australia Christianity (Anglicanism, Roman Catholicism,) Buddhism
Anglo-Canadians Indo-EuropeanGermanicEnglishCanadian English, FrancosignAmerican Sign Canada Ontarian, Anglo-Quebecers, Nova Scotians, New Brunswickers, Manitoban, British Columbians, Prince Edward Islanders, Saskatchewanians, Albertans, Newfoundlanders, Labradorians, Northwest Territorians, Yukoners, Anglo-Nunavummiut ChristianityProtestantismAnglicanism, Methodism, Calvinism; Catholicism
Anglo-Celtic Australians Indo-EuropeanGermanicEnglishAustralian English Australia Christianity
Anglo-Indians Indo-EuropeansGermanicEnglish India Significant populations in the United Kingdom, Australia, and Bangladesh Christianity
Anglo-Irish Indo-EuropeanGermanicEnglishHiberno-English, FrancosignIrish Sign, BANZSLBritish Sign, BANZSLBritish SignNorthern Ireland Sign Ireland ChristianityProtestantismAnglicanism
Anglo-New Zealanders Indo-EuropeanGermanicEnglishNew Zealand English New Zealand ChristianityProtestantismAnglicanism
Angu Trans-New GuineaAngan[note 1] Papua New Guinea (Kratke Range) Animism
Antiochian Greek Christians Afro-AsiaticArabicLevantine Arabic, historically Indo-EuropeanHellenic Levant (Lebanon, Syria, Israel, Jordan, Turkey) ChristianityEastern OrthodoxyGreek OrthodoxyGreek Orthodox Church of Antioch, CatholicismMelkite Catholicism
Anuak Nilo-SaharanNiloticAnuak Ethiopia (Anuakia), South Sudan (lanBoma) Christianity
Apache Na-DeneAthabaskanApachean[note 1][note 11] United States (Apacheria) Chiricahua, Jicarilla, Lipan, Mescalero, Salinero, Plains Apache, Western Apache Native American religionsNative American Church
Apanyekra Macro-JeJeCanela Brazil (Northeast Region) Ethnic religion
Apinajé Macro-JeJeApinayé Brazil (Tocantins) Animism
Arabs Afro-AsiaticSemiticArabic,[note 1] Arab Sign,[note 1] Al-Sayyid Bedouin Sign, formerly Afro-AsiaticArabicSiculo-Arabic and Afro-AsiaticArabicShirvani Arabic Arabian Peninsula[7] and Syrian Desert[8] Bedouins (including Al-Sayyid Bedouins, Palestinian Bedouins (including Jahalin Bedouins), Negev Bedouins, and Galilee Bedouins), Israeli-Arabs, Palestinians (including Palestinian Bedouins (including Jahalin Bedouins), Palestinian Metawalis, and Afro-Palestinians), Egyptian Arabs, Maghrebi Arabs, Dawada, Iranian Arabs (including Khuzestani Arabs, Khorasani Arabs, Huwalas, and Khamseh Arabs), Sudanese Arabs, Marsh Arabs, Arab Christians[9] (including Antiochians, Jerusalemites, and Alexandrians), Alawites, Druze,[10] Hadharem, Mhallami, Rashaida, Baggara Arabs, Abbala Arabs, Azawagh Arabs, Diffa Arabs, Manga Arabs, Ababda, Arab-Persians, Arab-Berbers, with diaspora populations (including the Palestinian diaspora) in Europe (including the United Kingdom, the Caucasus, Sweden, Spain), Turkey, Pakistan (including Palestinians), India, Colombia, Chile (including Palestinians), Nicaragua, Brazil (including Palestinians), Mexico (including Palestinians), Venezuela, the United States (including Palestinians), Canada, Haiti (including Palestinians), Cuba, El Salvador (including Palestinians), Australia (including Palestinians), New Zealand, Singapore IslamSunni Islam, Sufism, Shia IslamTwelver Shi'ism, Isma'ilismTayyibi Isma'ilismSulaymani, Zaydism, Ibadism
Aragonese Indo-EuropeanRomanceAragonese, Indo-EuropeanRomanceSpanish Spain (Aragon) ChristianityCatholicism
Arameans (Syriacs) Afro-AsiaticSemiticNeo-Aramaic[note 1] Syria (Qalamoun mountains), Israel ChristianityEastern ChristianitySyriac Christianity
Arapaho AlgicAlgonquianArapahoanArapaho United States (Colorado, Wyoming) Christianity, Native American Church
Arará Indo-EuropeanRomanceSpanishCuban Spanish Cuba Animism
Argobba Afro-AsiaticEthiopicArgobba[note 12] Ethiopia (Afar, Harari, Amhara, and Oromia Regions)[note 3] IslamSunni Islam
Armenians Indo-EuropeanArmenian,[note 1] Northwest CaucasianCircassian,[note 1] Armenian Sign language, formerly Harsneren language, TurkicKipchakArmeno-Kipchak Armenia, Azerbaijan, Turkey[note 13] Turkish Armenians (including Armenians in Istanbul, Hemshin, and Hidden Armenians), Cherkesogai, Armeno-Tats, Zoks, Hayhurum, Karabakhis and historically Udis and Turkic peoples who adhered to the Armenian Apostolic Church, along with significant populations in Russia, Belarus, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Serbia, Poland, Greece, Hungary, Moldova, Romania, Ukraine (including Crimea), Cyprus, the United States, Canada, Mexico, Argentina, Brazil, Uruguay, France, Spain, the United Kingdom Sweden, Switzerland, Italy, Malta, Georgia (including Samtskhe–Javakheti, Abkhazia, and Tbilisi), Azerbaijan, (including Baku), Egypt, Lebanon, Pakistan, Iran, Qatar, Iraq, Kuwait, Syria, the United Arab Emirates, Israel, Jordan, Ethiopia, China, India, Bangladesh, Myanmar, Singapore, Australia, Austria, Belgium, Israel, Palestine, the Netherlands, and Germany ChristianityOriental Orthodoxy, CatholicismEastern CatholicismArmenian Catholicism
Aromanians Indo-EuropeanRomanceAromanian Balkans (Greece, Albania, North Macedonia, Serbia, Bulgaria, Romania)[note 3] Significant populations in Greece, Albania, Romania, Bulgaria, Serbia, and North Macedonia, along with diaspora populations ChristianityEastern Orthodoxy
Arrernte Pama-NyunganArandicArrernte Australia (Arrernte Land) Alcheringa
Ashkali Indo-EuropeanAlbanian Kosovo IslamSunni Islam
Asmat Trans–New GuineaAsmat–KamrauAsmat[note 1] South Papua Christianity
Assiniboine SiouanWestern SiouanAssiniboine Canada (Manitoba, Saskatchewan, Alberta), United States (North Dakota, Montana) Bizebina, Insaombi, Wokpanbi Traditional Assiniboine religion
Assyrians Afro-AsiaticSemiticNeo-Aramaic[note 1][note 14] Assyria (Iraq, Iran, Syria, Turkey)[note 15] Iraqi Assyrians, Turkish Assyrians, Syrian Assyrians and Iranian Assyrians. Groupings include Chaldean Assyrians from Nineveh and Bohtan, Syriac Assyrians from Tur Abdin, Citadel Christians, Hakkari and Urmia tribes including; Tyari, Jilu, Baz, Tkhuma, Nochiya. Majority in diaspora ChristianityEastern ChristianitySyriac Christianity
Asturians Indo-EuropeanRomanceAsturleoneseAsturian, Indo-EuropeanRomanceGalician and AsturleoneseEonavian[note 16] Spain (Asturias) Eonavians ChristianityCatholicism
Atacama Kunza Chile (Atacama Desert, Altiplano), Argentina (Altiplano), Bolivia (Antofagasta Region) Inca Religion
Atayals AustronesianFormosanAtayal Taiwan Animism, Christianity
Ati Ati language Western Visayas Animism, Christianity
Atikamekw AlgicAlgonquianAtikamekw Canada (Nitaskinan) ChristianityRoman Catholicism, Ethnic religion
Atoni AustronesianTimoricUab Meto Indonesia (West Timor), East Timor (Oecusse) Amarasi Christianity
Atyap Niger–CongoPlateauAtyap Nigeria (Kaduna State) Christianity
Austral Islanders AustronesianMalayo-PolynesianPolynesianAustral France (Austral Islands) Christianity
Austrians Indo-EuropeanGermanicBavarian, Francosign → Austro-Hungarian Sign → Austrian Sign Austria ChristianityCatholicism
Avars Northeast CaucasianAvar–AndicAvar, Northeast CaucasianLezgicArchi Russia (Dagestan) Archis IslamSunni Islam
Awa BarbacoanAwanAwa Colombia (Narino), Ecuador (Carchi) Christianity
Awadhis Indo-EuropeanIndo-AryanAwadhi India (Awadh) Barhai Hinduism
Aymara AymaranAymara Bolivia, Peru, Chile ChristianityCatholicism
Aynu Turkic and Indo-EuropeanKarluk and IranianUyghur and PersianAynu, TurkicKarlukUyghur China (Xinjiang) IslamSunni IslamAlevism
Azerbaijanis TurkicOghuzAzeri[note 1] Azerbaijan, Iran (Iranian Azerbaijan) Ayrums, Baharlu, Bayat, Karadaghis, Qajars, Kuresunni, Padar, Qarapapaqs, Shahsevan, Terekeme, Yeraz, Afshar (including Javanshir Qizilbash), Iranian Azeris, along with significant populations in Georgia, Russia, and historically Armenia IslamShia Islam
Babur and Bura Afro-AsiaticChadicBura Nigeria (Borno State and Adamawa State) Babur, Bura Islam
Bagvalals Northeast CaucasianAvar–AndicBagvalal Russia (Dagestan) IslamSunni Islam
Baining East New BritainBaining Papua New Guinea (Gazelle Peninsula) Christianity, Pomio Kivung
Baharna Afro-AsiaticArabicBahrani Arabic Bahrain Significant population in Kuwait IslamShia Islam
Bahnar AustroasiaticBahnaricBahnar Vietnam (Central Highlands) Animism
Bai Sino-TibetanMacro-BaiBai[note 1] China (Dali Bai Autonomous Prefecture, Bijie, Sangzhi County) Buddhism, Benzhuism, Daoism
Bakarwal Indo-EuropeanIndo-AryanGujari → Bakarwal India or Pakistan (Kashmir) Islam
Bakossi Niger–CongoBantuAkoose Cameroon (Bakossi Mountains) ChristianityCatholicism
Balanta Niger–CongoWest AtlanticSenegambianBalanta[note 1] Guinea-Bissau, Senegal, The Gambia Traditional African religions
Balinese AustronesianBalinese Indonesia (Bali) Bali Aga HinduismBalinese Hinduism
Balkars TurkicKipchakBalkar Russia (Kabardino-Balkaria) IslamSunni Islam
Balochs Indo-EuropeanIranianBalochi Balochistan (Pakistan (Balochistan), Iran (Sistan and Baluchestan), Afghanistan) (Balochistan) Askani, Bajkani, Bangulzai, Barazani, Bhurgari, Bugti, Buledi, Chandio, Darzada, Dehwar, Dodai, Dombki, Gabol, Ghazini, Jamali, Jatoi, Kalmati, Khetran, Kunara, Langhani, Lango, Lashkrani, Loharani, Lund, Marri, Mazari, Mengal, Mirali, Mugheri, Muhammad Shahi, Mullazai, Nothazai, Pitafi, Qaisrani, Rind, Sadozai, Sethwi, Shaikhzadah, Talpur, Tauki, Umrani, Yarahmadzai, Zardari, Makrani, along with significant populations in the United Arab Emirates (including Al Balushi) and Turkmenistan IslamSunni Islam
Balondo-ba-Konja Niger–CongoBantuLondo Cameroon CreationismBalondo-ba-Konja religion
Balti Sino-TibetanTibeticBalti Pakistan (Gilgit-Baltistan) IslamShia Islam
Bamars Sino-TibetanBurmese Myanmar Taungyo, Yaw, Intha, Danu, Anglo-Burmese BuddhismTheravada Buddhism, Burmese folk religion
Bambara Niger–CongoMandeMandingBambara Mali Islam
Bamileke Niger–CongoGrassfieldsBamileke[note 1] Cameroon (West and Northwest regions) Mengaka, Ngiemboon, Ngombale, Ngomba, Ngwe, Yemba, Fe'fe', Ghomala', Kwaʼ, Nda'nda', Medumba Christianity
Bamum Niger–CongoGrassfieldsBamum Cameroon (West Region) Islam
Banda Niger–CongoUbangianBanda[note 1] Central African Republic, South Sudan, Democratic Republic of the Congo Central Banda, South Banda, West Banda Christianity
Bangweulu Twa Niger–CongoBantuBemba Zambia (Bangweulu Wetlands) Traditional African Religion
Baniwa ArawakanUpper Amazon ArawakanKaru Brazil (Amazonas), Colombia (Amazonas), Venezuela (Amazonas) Traditional religionChristianityCatholicism
Banjara Indo-EuropeanRajasthaniLambadi India (Mewar) Hinduism
Banjarese AustronesianMalayicMalayBanjarese Indonesia (South Kalimantan) IslamSunni Islam
Barak Turkmens TurkicOghuzTurkish Turkey, Syria IslamSunni Islam
Bari Nilo-SaharanNiloticBari South Sudan (Central Equatoria), Uganda Pojulu, Kakwa, Nyangwara, Mandari, Kuku Christianity
Bariba Niger–CongoGurBariba Borgu (Benin, Nigeria) Islam
Bashkirs TurkicKipchakBashkir Russia (Bashkortostan) IslamSunni Islam
Basques Basque[note 17] Basque Country (Spain, France) Navarreans, Alavans, Biscayans, Gipuzkoans, Northern Basques, along with significant populations in Argentina, Chile, Colombia, the United States, Canada, Mexico, Venezuela, and Uruguay ChristianityCatholicism
Bassa Niger–CongoKruBassa Liberia (Bassaland) ChristianityProtestantismAnglicanism
Basters Indo-EuropeanGermanicAfrikaans Namibia ChristianityProtestantism
Batak AustronesianNorthwest Sumatra–Barrier IslandsBatak[note 1] Indonesia (North Sumatra) Angkola, Karo, Mandailing, Pakpak, Simalungun, Toba, Alas, Kluet, Singkil ChristianityProtestantismLutheranism
Bateri Indo-EuropeanDardicBateri Pakistan (Kohistan) IslamSunni Islam
Batwa Niger–CongoBantuKirundi, Niger–CongoBantuKiga African Great Lakes Traditional African religion
Bauzi East Geelvink BayBauzi Indonesia (Papua) Animism
Bazigar Indo-EuropeanIndo-AryanBazigar India (Punjab, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh, Delhi, Chandigarh, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir, Rajasthan), Pakistan (Punjab) Hinduism
Beja Afro-AsiaticCushiticBeja Sudan, Egypt, Eritrea Bishari, Hadendoa, Hedareb, Amarar, Beni-Amer IslamSunni Islam
Belarusians Indo-EuropeanSlavicBelarusian,[note 18] Indo-EuropeanSlavicTrasianka Belarus Significant populations in the United States, Ukraine, and Russia ChristianityEastern Orthodoxy
Belizean Creoles Indo-EuropeanGermanicEnglishBelizean Creole Belize ChristianityProtestantism, Rastafari
Bemba Niger–CongoBantuBemba Zambia (Northern, Luapula, and Copperbelt Provinces), Democratic Republic of the Congo (Katanga Province) ChristianityProtestantism
Bembe Niger–CongoBantuBembe Democratic Republic of the Congo, Tanzania ChristianityProtestantism, Traditional African religions
Bena Niger–CongoBantuBena Tanzania (Njombe Region) ChristianityRoman Catholicism
Bengalis Indo-EuropeanIndo-AryanBengali, Indo-EuropeanIndo-AryanSylheti, Indo-EuropeanIndo-AryanHindustaniDhakaiya Urdu Bengal (Bangladesh, India (West Bengal)) Bengali Muslims, Bengali Hindus, Bengali Buddhists, Bengali Christians, along with the Bengali Hindu diaspora, (British Bangladeshis, Middle Eastern Bangladeshis, Malaysian Bangladeshis, Bangladeshi Canadians, Italo-Bangladeshis, Polish Bangladeshis, Bangladeshi New Zealanders, Bangladeshi Australians, Maldivian Bangladeshis, Japanese Bangladeshis, Bengali Americans and Bangladeshi Americans), Bangals, Ghotis, Dhakaiyas, Mahifarash, Shershabadia, Mahimal, and Sylhetis IslamSunni Islam, Hinduism
Berbers Afro-AsiaticBerber,[note 1] Afro-AsiaticSemiticArabic,[note 1] SonghayNorthern SonghayTagdal Maghreb Central Atlas Berbers, Chaouis, Kabyle, Kountas, Chenouas, Ghomaras, Godala, Hawwara, Matmatas, Mozabite, Nafusis, Rifians, Shilha, Siwi, Tuaregs, Awjila, Arab-Berbers, Sanhaja Berbers, Jerba, Zayanes, Igdalen, with significant populations in Belgium, France, Canada, the Netherlands, the United States, Western Sahara, Mauritania, Burkina Faso (including Tuaregs), Niger (including Tuaregs), and Mali IslamSunni Islam, Ibadism
Berom Niger–CongoPlateauBerom Niger (Plateau State) Christianity
Berta Nilo-SaharanBerta Ethiopia (Benishangul-Gumuz Region), South Sudan Islam
Betawis AustronesianMalayicMalayBetawian Indonesia (Jakarta) IslamSunni Islam
Beti[note 19] Niger–CongoBantuEwondo, Niger–CongoBantuEton Cameroon Ewondo, Eton Christianity
Bezhta Northeast CaucasianTsezicBezhta Russia (Tsuntinsky District) IslamSunni Islam
Bhils Indo-EuropeanIndo-AryanBhil[note 1] India (Madhya Pradesh, Gujarat, Rajasthan, Maharashtra) Barda, Bhagalia, Bhilala, Bhil Gametia, Bhil Garasia, Bhil Kataria, Bhil Mama, Bhil Mavchi, Dholi Bhil, Dungri Bhil, Damor, Dungri Garasia, Mewasi Bhil, Nirdhi Bhil, Rawal Bhil, Tadvi Bhil, Vasava, Bhil Meena, Chaudhri, Bagdi Hinduism
Bhojpuris Indo-EuropeanIndo-AryanBihariBhojpuri India, Nepal Paswan, Teli Hinduism, Jainism
Bhumijs AustroasiaticMundaBhumij[note 20] India (West Bengal, Odisha, Jharkhand) Sarnaism
Bicolanos AustronesianPhilippineBikol[note 1] Philippines (Bicol Region) Central Bikol, Sorsoganons, Catandunganons, Rinconada, Albayanon ChristianityCatholicism
Bidayuh AustronesianMalayo-PolynesianLand Dayak[note 1] Malaysia (Sarawak) Kendayan, Selako, Bakatiʼ, Sara Bakati', Laraʼ, Bukar–Sadong, Biatah, Tringgus, Jagoi, Jangkang, Kembayan, Semandang, Ribun, Nyaduʼ, Sanggau Christianity
Bilala Nilo-SaharanCentral SudanicNaba Chad (Lake Fitri) Islam
Bimanese AustronesianMalayo-PolyneisanBima Indonesia (Sumbawa Island) Islam
Bishnupriya Manipuris Indo-EuropeanIndo-AryanBishnupriya Manipuri India (Manipur), Bangladesh HinduismVaishnavism
Bissa Niger–CongoMandeBissa Burkina Faso Islam
Blaan AustronesianPhilippineBlaan Philippines (Soccsksargen) Anitism
Black Nova Scotians Indo-EuropeanGermanicEnglish Canada (Nova Scotia) ChristianityProtestantismBaptist
Blackfoot AlgicAlgonquianBlackfoot Canada (Alberta), United States (Montana) Kainai Nation, Piegan Blackfeet, Piikani Nation, Siksika Nation Native American Church, Christianity
Boa Niger–CongoBantuBoa Democratic Republic of the Congo (Bas-Uele) Christianity
Bodo Sino-TibetanSalBodo India (Bodoland) Mech, Kachari Bathouism, Hinduism
Bokota ChibchanBuglere Panama (Bocas del Toro) Native American religion
Bondei Niger–CongoBantuSuetaBondei Tanzania (Pangani District) Islam, Traditional African religions
Bororo Macro-JeBororoanBororo Brazil (Mato Grosso) Animism
Bosniaks Indo-EuropeanSlavicShtokavianBosnian Bosnia and Herzegovina, Sandžak (Serbia, Montenegro) Significant populations in Serbia, Turkey, Austria, Germany and the United States IslamSunni Islam
Botlikhs Northeast CaucasianAvar–AndicBotlikh Russia (Dagestan) IslamSunni Islam[11]
Bouyei Kra–DaiTaiBouyei China (Guizhou) Giay Moism
Bozo Niger–CongoMandeBozo Mali Islam
Brahuis DravidianNorthern DravidianBrahui Pakistan (Balochistan) Raisani, Jhalawan, Sarawan, Mengal (including Zagar and Zakria Zae), Sasoli IslamSunni IslamHanafi
Bretons Indo-EuropeanCelticBreton[note 21] France (Brittany) Significant populations in Canada and the United States ChristianityCatholicism
Bribri ChibchanTalamancaBribri, Bribri Sign language Costa Rica (Cordillera de Talamanca) Talamancan mythology
Bru AustroasiaticKatuicBru Laos (Savannakhet province), Vietnam (Quảng Binh and Quảng Trị provinces) Satsana Phi, BuddhismTheravada Buddhism
Bruneian AustronesianBruneian Brunei Kedayan Bruneian Sunni Islam
Bubi Niger–CongoBantuBube Equatorial Guinea (Bioko) ChristianityCatholicism
Budu Niger–CongoBantuBudu Democratic Republic of the Congo (Wamba Territory) Christianity
Budukhs Northeast CaucasianLezgicBudukh Azerbaijan (Buduq) IslamSunni Islam
Buduma Afro-AsiaticChadicYedina Lake Chad (Chad, Nigeria, Cameroon) Islam
Buginese AustronesianSouth SulawesiBuginese Indonesia (South Sulawesi) Islam, Christianity, folk religion
Bulgarians Indo-EuropeanSlavicBulgarian, FrancosignBulgarian Sign Bulgaria Pomaks, Paulicians, Macedonian Bulgarians, Bessarabian Bulgarians, Dobrujan Bulgarians, Thracian Bulgarians, along with significant populations in Turkey, Ukraine and Moldova, Romania and Serbia, Croatia, Germany, Spain, and the United States ChristianityEastern Orthodoxy
Bunak Trans–New GuineaTimor–Alor–PantarBunak Indonesia (West Timor), East Timor ChristianityRoman Catholicism
Bunun AustronesianFormosanBunun Taiwan (Nantou) Animism, Christianity
Burghers Indo-EuropeanIndo-AryanSinhala, Indo-EuropeanGermanicEnglish, Indo-EuropeanRomancePortugueseSri Lankan Portuguese Creole Sri Lanka Dutch Burghers, Portuguese Burghers Christianity
Burushos Burushaski Pakistan (Gilgit-Baltistan) IslamShia IslamIsma'ilism
Buryats Mongolic → Central Mongolic → Buryat;[note 1] Mongolic → Central Mongolic → Khalkha → Sartul, Tsongol Russia (Buryatia) BuddhismTibetan Buddhism, ShamanismMongolian shamanism, ChristianityEastern Orthodoxy
Butonese AustronesianCelebicButonese[note 1] Indonesia (Buton) Islam
Bwa Niger–CongoGurBwa[note 1] Burkina Faso, Mali Traditional African religions
Bwatiye Afro-AsiaticChadicBacama Nigeria (Adamawa State) Christianity, Neo-Pentecostalism
Cabiyari ArawakanUpper Amazon ArawakanCabiyari Colombia (Vaupes) Christianity
Caddo CaddoanCaddo United States (Oklahoma) Peyote religion, Christianity
Cahuilla Uto-AztecanCupanCahuilla United States (California) Pass Cahuilla (including Agua Caliente Cahuilla, Morongo Cahuilla), Mountain Cahuilla (including Cahuilla Band of Indians, Los Coyotes Cahuilla, Ramona Cahuilla, Santa Rosa Cahuilla), Desert Cahuilla (including Augustine Cahuilla, Cabazon Cahuillla, Torres Martinez Desert Cahuilla) ChristianityRoman Catholicism, Moravian, Protestantism, Ethnic religion
Caldoche Indo-EuropeanRomanceFrench, FrancosignFrench Sign France (New Caledonia) ChristianityCatholicism
Camminanti Indo-EuropeanRomanceSicilian → Baccagghiu Italy (Sicily) ChristianityCatholicism
Canary Islanders Indo-EuropeanRomanceSpanishCanarian Spanish, Silbo Gomero, Isleño Spanish Spain (Canary Islands) Isleños (including Louisiana Isleños) ChristianityCatholicism
Cape Coloureds Indo-EuropeanGermanicAfrikaans, Kaaps, English South Africa (Western Cape) Christianity
Cape Malays Indo-EuropeanGermanicAfrikaans, Kaaps, English South Africa (Western Cape) Islam
Cape Verdeans Indo-EuropeanRomancePortugueseCape Verdean Creole Cabo Verde ChristianityCatholicism
Caipiras Indo-EuropeanRomancePortugueseCaipira, formerly TupianTupi–GuraniTupinambáPaulista General Language, Indo-EuropeanItalian-based creoles → Italo-Paulista Brazil (Centro-Sul) ChristianityCatholicism
Carolinians AustronesianMicronesianCarolinian United States (Northern Mariana Islands) ChristianityCatholicism
Catalans Indo-EuropeanRomanceCatalan, LSCicCatalan Sign Catalan Countries (Spain, France, Andorra, Italy) Balears, Algherese, Andorrans, Roussillonese with significant populations in the United States ChristianityCatholicism
Cayuga Iroquoian → Northern Iroquoian → Cayuga Canada (Ontario), United States (New York, Oklahoma) Longhouse Religion
Chaga Niger–CongoBantuChaga[note 1] Tanzania Christianity, Islam, Traditional African religions
Chagossians Indo-EuropeanBourbonnais CreoleChagossian Creole Chagos Archipelago[note 22] Christianity, Rastafari
Chaharmahali Turks TurkicOghuzChaharmahali Turkic Iran (Chaharmahal) IslamShia IslamTwelver Shi'ism
Chakmas Indo-EuropeanIndo-AryanChakma Bangladesh (Chittagong Hill Tracts) BuddhismTheravada Buddhism
Chamalals Northeast CaucasianAvar–AndicChamalal Russia (Tsumadinsky District) IslamSunni Islam, Animism
Chamorro AustronesianMalayo-PolynesianChamorro United States (Mariana Islands) ChristianityCatholicism
Chams AustronesianChamicCham[note 1] Champa (Cambodia, Vietnam), China (Hainan) Churu, Jarai, Rade, Raglai, Utsuls IslamSunni Islam, Shia IslamBani Islam, Hinduism
Chaoui Afro-AsiaticBerberShawiya Algeria (Aurès) IslamSunni Islam
Charrúa Charruan languages[note 1] Uruguay Chaná Animism
Chechens Northeast CaucasianNakhChechen Russia (Chechnya, Aukh), Georgia (Pankisi) Kists, Chechen Kurds, Aukhs, with significant populations in Austria, France, Jordan, Syria, Turkey, and the United States IslamSunni Islam
Chehalis Formerly SalishanCoast SalishLower Chehalis, SalishanCoast SalishUpper Chehalis United States (Washington) Lower Chehalis, Upper Chehalis Ethnic religion
Chelkans TurkicSiberian TurkicNorthern Altai → Chelkan Russia (Altai Republic, Kemerovo Oblast) ChristianityEastern Orthodoxy, Burkhanism, Shamanism
Chepang Sino-TibetanChepangicChepang Nepal Hinduism
Chenouas Afro-AsiaticBerberChenouas Algeria (Mount Chenoua) IslamSunni Islam
Cherokee Iroquoian → Southern Iroquoian → Cherokee[note 8] United States (North Carolina, Tennessee)[note 9] Cherokee Nation, Eastern Band, United Keetoowah Band, Cherokee Freedmen Christianity, Four Mothers Society
Chewa Niger–CongoBantuChewa Malawi, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Mozambique Christianity, Traditional African religions
Cheyennes AlgicAlgonquianCheyenne, Plains Indian Sign Language[note 8] United States (Montana, Oklahoma) Native American religion, Native American Church, Christianity
Chickasaw Muskogean → Western Muskogean → Chickasaw United States (Mississippi, Alabama, Tennessee)[note 9] Ethnic religion, ChristianityProtestantism
Chinese Tatars TurkicKipchakTatar, Sino-TibetanChineseMandarin China (Xinjiang) IslamSunni Islam
Choctaw MuskogeanChoctaw[note 8] United States (Alabama, Florida, Mississippi, Louisiana)[note 9] Choctaw Freedmen Christianity, Choctaw religion
Chokwe Niger–CongoBantuChokwe Angola, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Zambia Christianity
Cholanaikkans DravidianSouth Dravidian ICholanaikkan India (Kerala)
Cho Ro AustroasiaticBahnaricChrau Vietnam, (Dong Nai, Binh Duong, Binh Phuoc, Ba Ria-Vung Tau) Animism, Theravada
Chuanqing Sino-TibetanSiniticMandarin ChineseSouthwestern Mandarin China (Guizhou) Ethnic religion
Chukchis Chukotko-KamchatkanChukotkanChukchi Chukchia ChristianityEastern OrthodoxyRussian Orthodoxy, Shamanism
Chulyms TurkicSiberian TurkicChulym Russia (Tomsk Oblast, Krasnoyarsk Krai) ChristianityEastern OrthodoxyRussian Orthodoxy
Chumash Chumashan languages[note 1][note 23] United States (California) Christianity, Native American religion
Chutiya Sino-TibetanSalDeori[note 4] India (Assam) Deori Ekasarana Dharma
Chuukese AustronesianMicronesianChuukese Federated States of Micronesia (Chuuk Lagoon) ChristianityCatholicism
Chuvans Indo-EuropeanSlavicRussian, Chukotko-KamchatkanChukotkanChukchi, formerly YukaghirChuvan Russia (Chukotka) ChristianityEastern OrthodoxyRussian Orthodoxy
Chuvash TurkicOghurChuvash Russia (Chuvashia) Virjal, Anatri ChristianityEastern Orthodoxy
Cinta Larga TupianMondeCinta Larga Brazil (Amazon rainforest) Indigenous religion, Santo Daime
Circassians Northwest CaucasianCircassian[note 1] Russia (Circassia)[note 2] Abzakhs, Adygeans, Besleneys, Bzhedugs, Chemirgoys, Cherkess, Kabardians, Natukhajs, Shapsugs, Ubykhs, Makhosh, and Hatuqways, with significant populations in Turkey, Israel, Syria, Jordan, Iran, Germany, Iraq, Bulgaria, the United States, Egypt, Libya, and Saudi Arabia IslamSunni IslamHanafi, SufismNaqshbandi
Cirebonese AustronesianMalayo-PolynesianCirebonese Indonesia (Cirebon) Islam
Clatsop Chinookan, Wakashan, and Indo-EuropeanLower Chinook, Nootka Jargon, Germanic, and ItalicChinook Jargon; formerly ChinookanLower Chinook → Clatsop United States (Oregon)
Cocopah YumanCocopah Mexico (Baja California, Sonora), United States (Arizona) Native American religion
Cocos Malays Malay creolesCocos Malay Australia (Cocos (Keeling) Islands) significant populations in Malaysia IslamSunni Islam
Cofan Cofan language Ecuador (Sucumbios), Colombia (Putumayo) Animism
Cook Islanders AustronesianPolynesianCook Islands Māori, AustronesianPolynesianPenrhyn, AustronesianPolynesianRakahanga-Manihiki, AustronesianPolynesianPukapukan Cook Islands ChristianityProtestantism
Comanche Uto-AztecanNumicComanche, Indo-EuropeanGermanicEnglish United States (Comancheria) Native American Church, Christianity
Comorians Niger–CongoBantuComorian[note 1] Comoros, France (Mayotte) Grande Comorians, Anjouans, Mohélians, Maorais, Significant population in Metropolitan France IslamSunni Islam
Conch Indo-EuropeanGermanicEnglish, English creoleBahamian Creole Bahamas Christianity
Confederados Indo-EuropeanGermanicEnglishAmerican English Brazil (Santa Barbara d'Oeste, Americana) ChristianityProtestantism
Copts Afro-AsiaticCoptic,[note 24] Egyptian Sign Egypt, Sudan, Libya Sudan and Libya along with the Coptic diaspora ChristianityCoptic Orthodoxy
Cornish Indo-EuropeanCelticCornish,[note 25] Indo-EuropeanGermanicEnglishCornish English, BANZSLBritish Sign United Kingdom (Cornwall) Significant populations in the United States and Australia ChristianityProtestantismAnglicanism, Methodism
Corsicans Indo-EuropeanRomanceCorsican[note 21] France (Corsica) Corsican Americans (including Corsican Puerto Ricans) ChristianityCatholicism
Coushatta Muskogean → Alabama–Koasati → Koasati United States (Coushatta Indian Reservation, Alabama–Coushatta Reservation, Alabama–Quassarte Tribal Town) Christianity
Cree AlgicAlgonquianCree[note 1][note 26] Canada (Alberta, Saskatchewan, Manitoba, Ontario, Quebec, Newfoundland and Labrador) James Bay Cree, Moose Cree, Swampy Cree, Woodland Cree, Papaschase Christianity
Crimean Tatars TurkicKipchak → Kipchak-Cuman → Middle Crimean Tatar, TurkicKipchak → Kipchak-Nogai → Northern Crimean Tatar, TurkicOghuzBalkan GagauzSouthern Crimean Tatar, Indo-EuropeanIndo-AryanBalkan Romani → Crimean Romani Ukraine (Crimea) Steppe, Mountain, and Southcoast tribes, Crimean Roma, along with Significant populations in Turkey, Romania, and Uzbekistan. IslamSunni Islam
Croats Indo-EuropeanSlavicShtokavian, Chakavian, Kajkavian, Torlakian, Burgenland Croatian, and Slavomolisano; Francosign → Austro-Hungarian Sign → Yugoslav Sign[note 1] Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina (Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina) Bunjevci, Krashovani, Janjevci, Šokci, Bosnian Croats, Croat Muslims, along with significant populations in Italy (including Molise Croats), Austria, United States, Chile, Argentina, Germany, Australia and Canada ChristianityCatholicism
Crow SiouanWestern SiouanCrow United States (Montana) Christianity, Crow religion
Czechoslovaks Indo-EuropeanSlavicCzech, Indo-EuropeanSlavicSlovak Czech Republic, Slovakia Significant populations in Canada and the United States ChristianityRoman Catholicism
Czechs Indo-EuropeanSlavicCzech Czech Republic Bohemians, Chodové, along with significant populations in United States and Canada ChristianityCatholicism[note 27]
Dagaaba Niger–CongoGurDagaare Ghana, Burkina Faso Christianity, Traditional African religions
Dagombas Niger–CongoGurDagbani Ghana (Kingdom of Dagbon) IslamSunni Islam
Damara KhoeKhoekhoe Namibia (Damaraland) Christianity
Damia Indo-EuropeanIndo-AryanDameli Pakistan (Chitral District)
Danes Indo-EuropeanGermanicDanish, Indo-EuropeanGermanicEast Danish, Indo-EuropeanGermanicJutish, FrancosignDTSicDanish Sign Danish Realm (Denmark) Significant populations in the United States, Canada, Greenland, and Germany. ChristianityProtestantismLutheranism
Dani Trans-New GuineaWest Papuan HighlandsDani Papua New Guinea (Baliem Valley) Indonesia (Highland Papua) ChristianityProtestantism, Islam
Dargins Northeast CaucasianDargin[note 1] Russia (Dagestan) Kaitags, Kubachis, Itsaris, Chirags IslamSunni Islam
Daurs MongolicDagur China (Inner Mongolia, Heilongjiang, Xinjiang) Shamanism
Dawoodi Bohra Indo-EuropeanIndo-AryanGujaratiLisan ud-Dawat India, Pakistan IslamShiaIsma'ilismTayyibi Isma'ilism
Deccani Indo-EuropeanIndo-AryanHindustaniDeccani India (Deccan) Hyderabadi IslamSunni Islam, Sufism, Shia IslamIsma'ilismNizari Isma'ilism
Deg Xitʼan Na-DeneAthabaskanDeg Xinag United States (Alaska) Christianity
Denaʼina Na-DeneAthabaskanDenaʼina United States (Alaska) ChristianityOrthodox Christianity, Animism
Dhimal Sino-TibetanDhimalishDhimal Nepal Hinduism, Kiratism
Dinka Nilo-SaharanNiloticDinka South Sudan Christianity, Dinka religion
Dobrujan Tatars TurkicKipchakDobrujan Tatar, Indo-EuropeanRomanceRomanian Romania (Constanța County) IslamSunni Islam
Dogon Niger–CongoDogon,[note 1] Bangime, Tebul Sign Mali (Bandiagara Escarpment) Ampari Dogon (including Nyamboli), Tebul U, Mombo Dogon, Escarpment Dogon (including Tommo So), Jamsai Dogon, Nanga Dogon, Yanda Dogon, Walo, Beente, Duleri Dogon, Pinia, Bondum Dogon, Dogul Dogon, Budu, Western Plains Dogon, Toro-tegu Dogon, Bangande Traditional African religions
Dogras Indo-EuropeanIndo-AryanDogri India (Jammu Division) Hinduism
Dolgans TurkicSiberian TurkicDolgan Russia (Krasnoyarsk Krai) ChristianityEastern OrthodoxyRussian Orthodoxy, Shamanism
Doms Indo-EuropeanIndo-AryanDomari, Indo-EuropeanIndo-AryanGarachi Azerbaijan, Middle East, North Africa Garachi, with significant populations in Egypt, Israel, Libya, Sudan, Syria, and Tunisia Islam, Judaism
Dominickers United States (Holmes County, Florida)
Dongxiangs MongolicShirongolicSanta China, (Gansu) Sunni Islam
Doukhobors Indo-EuropeanSlavicRussian Russia ChristianitySpiritual Christianity
Druze Afro-AsiaticArabicLevantine Arabic, DGSicIsraeli Sign Levant (Syria, Lebanon, Israel, Jordan) Lebanese Druze, Syrian Druze, Israeli Druze, Jordanian Druze Druzism[12][13]
Dubla Indo-EuropeanIndo-AryanBhilDubli[note 28] Gujarat (India) Hinduism
Dukha TurkicSiberian Turkic → Taiga Sayan Turkic → Dukhan Mongolia (Khövsgöl Province) ShamanismDukha indigenous religion
Dutch Indo-EuropeanGermanicDutch, FrancosignDutch Sign Netherlands Christianity[note 27]
Dutch Afro-Caribbean Indo-EuropeanRomancePortuguese and Spanish-based creolesPapiamento Aruba, Bonaire, Curacao, Saba, Sint Eustatius, Sint Maarten ChristianityCatholicism
Dwe'e Niger–CongoBantuNzime Cameroon Christianity
Dyula Niger–CongoMandeMandingDyula Burkina Faso, Ivory Coast, Mali IslamSunni Islam
East Indian Catholics Indo-EuropeanIndo-AryanEast Indian Mahratti India (Seven Islands of Bombay) ChristianityCatholicism
Ebira Niger–CongoNupoidEbira Nigeria (Kogi State) Islam
Edo Niger–CongoEdoidEdo Nigeria (Edo State) Ika, Emai Christianity
Efik Niger–CongoCross RiverIbibio-EfikEfik Nigeria (Cross River State) Christianity, Efik religion
Egyptians Afro-AsiaticArabicEgyptian Arabic, Afro-AsiaticArabicSa'idi Arabic, Egyptian Sign, formerly Afro-Asiatic → Egyptian → Ancient Egyptian Egypt Sa'idi IslamSunni Islam
Ekari Trans-New GuineaEkari Indonesia (Wissel Lakes) Christianity
Ekoi Niger–CongoBantoidJagham Nigeria, Cameroon Christianity, Ekoi religion
Elbegli TurkicOghuzTurkish Turkey (Kilis, Gaziantep, Sivas), Syria (Aleppo), Iran (South Azerbaijan)[14][15] IslamSunni Islam
Embera ChocoEmbera[note 1] Colombia (Choco Department), Panama (Darien, Embera) Shamanism
Enets UralicSamoyedicEnets[note 1] Russia (Krasnoyarsk Krai) Shamanism
English Indo-EuropeanGermanicEnglish, BANZSLBritish Sign United Kingdom (England, Little England beyond Wales) New Forest commoners, Berwickers ChristianityProtestantismAnglicanism
Erzyas UralicMordvinicErzya Russia (Mordovia) Shoksha ChristianityRussian Orthodox, ProtestantismLutheranism, Erzyas native religion
Esan Niger–CongoEdoidEsan Nigeria (Esanland) Christianity
Estonians UralicFinnicEstonian, UralicFinnicSouth Estonian, FrancosignRSLicEstonian Sign Estonia, Setomaa (Estonia and Russia), Latvia (Ludza, Gauja) Setos, Võros, Hiiumaans, Saaremaans, Ludza Estonians, Gauja Estonians, with significant populations in Argentina, Australia, Canada, Finland, Georgia (including Abkhazia), the United States ChristianityProtestantismLutheranism[note 27]
Eurasian Singaporeans Indo-EuropeanGermanicEnglish Singapore Christianity
Evenks Tungusic → Northern Tungusic → Evenki, Tungusic → Northern Tungusic → Negidal Russia, China Negidals Shamanism
Evens Tungusic → Northern Tungusic → Even, TurkicSiberian TurkicYakut Russia (Kamchatka Krai, Magadan Oblast, Sakha) Shamanism
Ewe Niger–CongoKwaGbeEwe Togo, Ghana Anlo Ewe, Waci Christianity, West African Vodun
Falkland Islanders Indo-EuropeanGermanicEnglishFalkland Islands English British Overseas Territories (Falkland Islands) Christianity
Fang Niger–CongoBantuFang Equatorial Guinea (Rio Muni), Gabon Christianity
Faroe Islanders Indo-EuropeanGermanicFaroese, Indo-EuropeanGermanicDanishGøtudanskt Danish Realm (Faroe Islands) ChristianityProtestantismLutheranism
Fijians AustronesianMalayo-PolynesianFijian Fiji Fijian Americans, Fijian Australians, Fijian British ChristianityProtestantismMethodism
Finnish Tatars TurkicKipchakTatarMishar Tatar, Indo-EuropeanSlavicRussian Finland IslamSunni Islam
Finns UralicFinnicFinnish, Meänkieli, Siberian Ingrian Finnish, Indo-EuropeanGermanicFinland Swedish, SSLicFSLic[note 1] Finland, Russia (Ingria, Siberia), Sweden, Norway Forest Finns, Tornedalians, Ingrian Finns (including Siberian Finns (including Korlaks), Savonians, Tavastians, Finns proper, Ostrobothnians, Finnish Karelians, Finland Swedes, Kainuu, and Murmansk Finns, along with significant populations in Sweden, Switzerland, Australia, United States (including Findians), Argentina, and Canada (including Findians). ChristianityProtestantismLutheranism
Fipa Niger–CongoBantu (Zone M) → Fipa, Niger–CongoBantuMambwe-Lungu Rukwa Region, Tanzania (Sumbawanga Rural District, Nkasi District) ChristianityCatholicism
Flemings Indo-EuropeanGermanicDutchFlemish, Indo-EuropeanGermanicWest Flemish, Indo-EuropeanGermanicZeelandic, Francosign → Belgian Sign → Flemish Sign Belgium (Flanders, Brussels), France (French Flanders), Netherlands (Zeelandic Flanders) ChristianityCatholicism
Fon Niger–CongoKwaGbeFon Dahomey (Benin) ChristianityCatholicism, West African Vodun
French Indo-EuropeanRomanceFrench, FrancosignFrench Sign France ChristianityCatholicism
French Afro-Caribbean Indo-EuropeanRomanceFrenchAntillean Creole France (French West Indies), Dominica, Haiti, Saint Lucia Guadeloupeans, Martinicans, Saint-Martinois, Barthelemois, Afro-French Guianans, Dominicans, Haitians, Saint Lucians ChristianityCatholicism, Haitian Vodou
French Canadians Indo-EuropeanRomanceFrenchCanadian French, FrancosignFrench Sign and American SignQuebec Sign Canada Quebecois, Acadians (including Chiac), Franco-Terreneuvians, Franco-Ontariens, Franco-Manitobains, Fransaskois, Franco-Albertains, Franco-Colombiens, Franco-Yukonnais, Franco-Tenois, Franco-Nunavois, Brayons, Muskrat French, French-Canadian Americans ChristianityCatholicism
French Louisianians Indo-EuropeanFrench CreoleLouisiana Creole, Indo-EuropeanRomanceLouisiana French, Indo-EuropeanRomanceFrenchMissouri French, Indo-EuropeanGermanicEnglishCajun English, formerly Indo-EuropeanFrench CreoleAlabama Creole United States (Louisiana, Alabama, and Missouri) Louisiana Creoles (including Louisiana Cajuns and Louisiana Creoles of color), Alabama Creoles (including Alabama Cajuns), and Missouri Creoles ChristianityCatholicism, Louisiana Voodoo
Frisians Indo-EuropeanGermanicFrisian,[note 1] Indo-EuropeanGermanicEast Frisian Low Saxon, Indo-EuropeanGermanicDutchWest Frisian Dutch Frisia (Netherlands, Germany, historically Denmark) Westlauwers Frisians, East Frisians, North Frisians, Saterland Frisians, with significant populations in the United States ChristianityProtestantismCalvinism, ChristianityProtestantismLutheranism[note 27][16]
Friulians Indo-EuropeanRomanceFriulian Italy (Friuli) ChristianityCatholicism
Fula Atlantic–CongoSenegambianFula[note 1] West Africa (Guinea, Senegal, Mali, Mauritania, Nigeria, Cameroon, Niger, Burkina Faso, Benin, Chad)[note 29] Wodaabe, Maasina Fulfulde Islam
Fur Nilo-SaharanFur Sudan (Darfur) IslamSunni Islam
Fuyu Kyrgyz TurkicSiberian TurkicFuyu Kyrgyz Fuyu County (Qiqihar, Heilongjiang, China) BuddhismVajrayanaTibetan Buddhism
Ga-Adangbe Niger–CongoKwaGa–Dangme[note 1] Greater Accra (Ghana) Ga, Adangbe Christianity
Gabrieleños Indo-EuropeanGermanicEnglish, Indo-EuropeanRomanceSpanish, Uto-AztecanTakicGabrieleno[note 30] Native American religion, Christianity
Gade Niger–CongoNupoidGade Nigeria (Niger State)
Gagauz TurkicOghuzGagauz Moldova (Gagauzia, Taraclia, Basarabeasca), Ukraine (Budjak) ChristianityEastern Orthodoxy
Gajal TurkicOghuzTurkish, Indo-EuropeanSlavicBulgarian Bulgaria (Ludogorie), Turkey (East Thrace) IslamSunni Islam
Galela West PapuanNorth HalmaheraGalela Indonesia (North Maluku) Islam, Christianity
Galicians Indo-EuropeanRomanceGalician, Indo-EuropeanRomanceSpanishCastrapo Spain (Galicia) Couto Mistans ChristianityCatholicism
Gamilaraay Pama-NyunganWiradhuricGamilaraay Australia (New South Wales, Queensland) Alcheringa
Ganda Niger–CongoBantuGreat LakesLuganda Uganda (Buganda) Abayudaya Christianity
Garhwalis Indo-EuropeanIndo-AryanGarhwali India (Uttarakhand) Hinduism
Garifunas ArawakanTa-ArawakanGarifuna[note 31] Saint Vincent and the Grenadines[note 32] Significant populations in the United States ChristianityCatholicism
Garos Sino-TibetanSalGaro India (Garo Hills) Christianity, Songsarek
Gaviao (Je) Macro-JeJePara GaviaoParkateje, Macro-JeJePara GaviaoPykobje Brazil (Pará, Maranhao) Parkateje, Pykobje Animism
Gaviao (Rondonia) TupianMondeGaviao of Jiparana Brazil (Rondonia) Animism
Gayonese AustronesianNorthwest Sumatra–Barrier IslandsGayo Indonesia (Bener Meriah, Central Aceh, and Gayo Lues Regencies) Islam
Gbagyi Niger–CongoNupoidGwari Nigeria Traditional African religions
Gbaya Niger–CongoUbangianGbaya[note 1] Central African Republic, Cameroon Bokoto, Kara, Buli (including Toongo), Ali, Mandja, Gbaya-Bossangoa, Bozom, Mbodomo, Gbanu, Bangandu Islam
Gedeo Afro-AsiaticCushiticGedeo Ethiopia (Gedeo) ChristianityProtestantismP'ent'ay
Gelao Kra–DaiKraGelao[note 1][note 33] China (Guizhou) Taoism, Buddhism
Georgians Kartvelian languages,[note 1] Northeast CaucasianNakhBats, Georgian Sign Georgia, Azerbaijan (Saingilo), Turkey (Artvin Province) Adjarians, Mingrelians, Svans, Tushetians, Meskhetians, Imerkhevians, Ingiloys, Bats,[note 34] with significant populations in Turkey (including Chveneburi, France, Belgium, Poland, Russia, Spain, Ukraine, the United States, and Iran ChristianityEastern Orthodoxy
Germans Indo-EuropeanGermanicGerman, DGSicGerman Sign Germany Bavarians, Swabians Christianity
Ghomaras Afro-AsiaticBerberGhomaras Morocco (Rif) IslamSunni Islam
Ghorbati Indo-EuropeanIranianPersian, Ghorbati[note 1] Central Asia Mugats IslamShia Islam
Gibraltarians Indo-EuropeanRomanceSpanishLlanito, Indo-EuropeanGermanicEnglishGibraltarian English, BANZSLBritish Sign[17] British Overseas Territories (Gibraltar) Significant populations in the United Kingdom ChristianityCatholicism
Gilaks Indo-EuropeanIranianGilaki Iran (Gilan) IslamTwelver Shi’ism
Gitxsan Tsimshianic → Nass–Gitksan → Gitxsan Canada (Skeena Country) Native American religion
Goan Catholics Indo-EuropeanIndo-AryanKonkaniGoan Konkani India (Goa) ChristianityCatholicism
Godoberis Northeast CaucasianAvar–AndicGodoberi Russia (Dagestan) IslamSunni Islam
Gogo Niger–CongoBantuGogo Tanzania (Dodoma Region) Christianity, African Traditional Religion
Gola Niger–CongoGola Liberia, Sierra Leone Islam
Gonds DravidianGondi[note 1][note 35] India (Gondwana) Godha, Madia Gonds, Muria, Koya Hinduism, Koyapunem
Gorals Indo-EuropeanSlavicLechiticGorolski[note 36] Southern Poland, northern Slovakia, Cieszyn Silesia (Poland, Czech Republic) Sącz Lachs, Silesian Gorals ChristianityCatholicism, ChristianityProtestantismLutheranism
Gorani Indo-EuropeanSlavicTorlakianGorani Gora (Kosovo, Albania, North Macedonia) IslamSunni Islam
Gorontalo AustronesianPhilippineGorontaloan Indonesia (Gorontalo) IslamSunni Islam
Gosha Niger-CongoBantuZigula Somalia Islam
Great Andamanese Great Andamanese[note 1] India (Great Andaman) Animism
Greeks Indo-EuropeanHellenic,[note 1] TurkicKipchakUrum, Indo-EuropeanRomanceAromanian, Indo-EuropeanRomanceMegleno-Romanian, Indo-EuropeanAlbanianArvanitika, Indo-EuropeanSlavicMacedo-Bulgarian,[note 1] FrancosignFrench Sign and American SignGreek Sign, Cypriot Sign Greece, Cyprus Greek Cypriots, Pontic Greeks, Cappadocian Greeks, Sarakatsani, Souliotes, Urums, Grikos, Macedonian Greeks, Anatolian Greeks, Tsakonians, Maniots, Karagounides, Mikrasiates [el], Phanariots, Egyptian Greeks, Caucasus Greeks, Cretan Muslims, Sfakians, Slavophone Greeks, Corfiot Greeks, Melkites (including Antiochian Greeks, Jerusalemite Greeks, and Alexandrian Greeks) and also sizeable populations of Arvanites, Aromanians and Megleno-Romanians who identify as ethnic Greeks, along with significant populations in Albania (including Northern Epirotes), Turkey, Ukraine, Georgia, the United States, the United Kingdom, Germany, Australia, France, Italy (including Grikos), Malta, and Canada ChristianityEastern Orthodoxy, CatholicismGreek Byzantine Catholicism, formerly Hellenism, Neoplatonism, Greco-Roman Mysteries
Gros Ventre AlgicAlgonquianGros Ventre United States (Montana) Sun Dance
Guajajara TupianTenetehara Brazil (Maranhao) Shamanism, Santo Daime
Guan Niger–CongoKwaGuang[note 1] Ghana (Brong-Ahafo and Volta Regions) Gonja, Kyode, Cherepon, Efutu, Anyanga, Larteh, Chumburung, Krache, Anum-Boso Christianity
Guarani TupianGuarani Paraguay, Argentina (Misiones), Bolivia Chiriguanos, along with Mestizos such as Paraguayans ChristianityCatholicism
Gujarati Indo-EuropeanIndo-AryanGujarati India (Gujarat) Koli, Bharwad, Khoja, Patidar, Sunni Bohra, Lohana, Vagri, Kharva, Charan, Baria, Momna, Ghanchi, Shenva, Bhambi Khalpa, Zarabes, Bhoi, Luso-Indians, Gujarati Americans Hinduism, Islam, Jainism
Gujjar / Gurjar Indo-EuropeanIndo-AryanGujari Primarily Pakistan & India, also Afghanistan at smaller numbers Khatana, Solanki, Parihar, Tanwar, Parmar, chandel, Chauhan, Bhadana, Bhatti, Kohli, Tomar, Panwar, Pawar, Bainsla, Bagri, Hans, etc. Islam, Hinduism, Sikhism
Gumuz Nilo-SaharanGumuz Ethiopia (Benishangul-Gumuz Region) Traditional African religion
Guna ChibchanKuna Panama (Guna Yala) Native American religion
Gurage Afro-AsiaticEthiopicGurage,[note 1] formerly Afro-AsiaticEthiopicMesmes Ethiopia (Guragia) Kistane, Zay, Inor, Mesqan, Muher Sebat Bet (including Chaha) Christianity
Gurindji Pama–NyunganNgumpin–YapaGurindji, Pama–Nyungan and Indo-EuropeanGurindji and Australian KriolGurindji Kriol Australia (Northern Territory) Dreamtime
Gurma Niger–CongoGurGourmanche Gurmaland (Burkina Faso, Ghana) Ntcham, Bimoba Islam
Gurungs Sino-TibetanGurung Nepal, India (Sikkim, West Bengal) Ghale, Gurung BuddhismVajrayanaTibetan Buddhism, Bon, Hinduism
Gurunsi Niger–CongoGurGurunsi[note 1] Burkina Faso, Ghana, Togo Lukpa, Kabye, Tem, Lamba, Delo, Bago-Kusuntu, Chala, Lyele, Nuna, Kalamse, Pana, Kassena, Winye, Deg, Puguli, Paasaal, Sisaala, Chakali, Siti, Tamprusi, Vagla Traditional African religions, IslamSunni Islam
Gwich'in Na-DeneAthabaskanGwich'in Canada (Yukon Territory, Northwest Territories), United States (Alaska) Native American religion
Ha Niger–CongoBantuHa Tanzania (Kigoma Region) Animism
Hadiya Afro-AsiaticCushiticHadiyya Ethiopia (Hadiya) Islam
Hadza Hadza language Tanzania (Karatu District) Hadza mythology
Haida Haida languages[note 1] Canada (Haida Gwaii) Haida Traditional Faith
Haisla WakashanHaisla Canada (British Columbia) Native American religion
Hän Na-DeneAthabaskanHan Canada (Yukon Territory), United States (Alaska) Native American religion
Han Chinese Sino-TibetanSiniticChinese,[note 1] CSLic languages,[note 1] JSLicTaiwan Sign, Indo-EuropeanGermanicEnglishManglish, AustronesianMalayicMalayBazaar MalayBaba Malay, Indo-EuropeanGermanicEnglishHong Kong English, formerly Sino-TibetanChineseBa–Shu China, Taiwan, Singapore, Myanmar (Kokang) Subei, Yue (including Cantonese, Punti, Taishanese (including Taishanese Hongkongers), Hongkongers (including Punti), Macau, and Namshun), Tankas (including Fuzhou Tankas), Màirén, Hui (including Panthays), Fujianese (including Fuzhounese, Hoklos, Hui'an maidens, Putianese, Fujianese Hongkongers, Fokien, and Teochew), Gaoshan Han, Gan, Tunbao, Pinghua (including Northern Pinghua and Southern Pinghua), Hakka (including Ngai (including Dan)), Hainanese, Hebei, Hunanese, Jianghuai, Shandong, Sichuanese, Wu (including Shanghainese, Ningbonese, and Wenzhounese), Kokang Chinese, Han Taiwanese (including Hoklo Taiwanese and Benshengren), Sino-Singaporeans (including Straits Chinese), Chin Haw, Hwagyo, along with significant populations in the United States (including Hoklos, Hongkongers, Fuzhounese Americans, and Hakkas), Mongolia, Malaysia (including Penangite Chinese, Straits Chinese, and Peranakans (including Baba-Nyonya and Kiau–Seng)), Thailand, Indonesia (including Benteng), Myanmar, Canada (including Hongkongers), the Philippines (including Sangleys), Peru, Australia (including Hong Kong Australians), Vietnam (including Chinese Nùng and Ngai (including Dan)), Japan, Russia, France (including Chinois and Wenzhounese French), the United Kingdom (including Hong Kong Britons), South Africa, Italy, Bulgaria, Germany, Korea (including North Korea and South Korea), Fiji, Finland, Spain, India, Laos, Brazil, the Netherlands (including Hongkongers), Argentina, Panama, Madagascar, Mauritius (including Namshun, Fokien, Hakka, and Sino-creoles), Seychelles, Venezuela, Cambodia (including Teochew, Cantonese Cambodians, Hainanese Cambodians, Hoklos, and Hakkas), Belgium, Denmark, Iran, Ireland, Israel, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, the Czech Republic, Chinese Bangladeshis, the Caribbean (including Cuba, the Dominican Republic, Haiti, Jamaica, Puerto Rico, Trinidad and Tobago, Belize, Suriname, and Guyana), Chile, Costa Rica, Brazil, Nicaragua, Pakistan, Palau, Papua New Guinea, Portugal, Mozambique, Romania, Samoa, Serbia, Sri Lanka, Sweden, Turkey, the United Arab Emirates, Uruguay, Algeria, Angola, Botswana, Cameroon, Cape Verde, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Egypt, Ethiopia, Ghana, Kenya, Lesotho, Libya, Malawi, Mali, Morocco, Namibia, Nigeria, the Republic of Congo, Senegal, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe, and New Zealand Chinese folk religion, BuddhismChinese Buddhism, Taoism, Irreligion (see also Religion in China and Religion in Taiwan)
Hangaza Niger–CongoBantuHangaza Tanzania (Kagera Region) Christianity
Hani Sino-TibetanLoloishHani China (Yunnan) Animism
Harari Afro-AsiaticSemiticEthiopicHarari Ethiopia (Hararia) IslamSunni Islam
Haratins Afro-AsiaticArabicMaghrebi Arabic,[note 1] Afro-AsiaticBerber[note 1] Mauritania IslamSunni Islam
Hausa Afro-AsiaticChadicHausa Hausaland (Niger, Nigeria, Ghana) IslamSunni Islam
Hawaiians AustronesianPolynesianHawaiian,[note 37] Indo-EuropeanGermanicEnglish CreoleHawaiian Pidgin, Hawaiʻi Sign, Hawaiʻi Sign and American SignCreole Hawaiʻi Sign United States (Hawaii) Christianity, Hawaiian religion
Ḫawlan bin ʾAmir AfroasiaticSemiticRazihi, Faifi Yemen (Saada Governorate), Saudi Arabia (Fifa Mountains) Razihis, Faifis IslamShia IslamZaydism
Haya Niger–CongoBantuHaya Tanzania (Kagera Region) Christianity, Ruhanga
Hazaras KarluksIndo-EuropeanPersianHazaragi Afghanistan (Hazarajat) IslamShia and Sunni
Hehe Niger–CongoBantuHehe Tanzania (Iringa Region) Christianity
Heiltsuk Wakashan → Northern Wakashan → Heiltsuk–OowekyalaHeiltsuk Canada (Central Coast Regional District) Native American religion
Helong AustronesianTimoricHelong Indonesia (Kupang Regency, Semau Island, Flores Island) Christianity
Herero Niger–CongoBantuHerero Namibia (Hereroland), Angola OvaHimba, Ovambanderu Christianity
Highland Travellers Indo-EuropeanCelticScottish GaelicBeurla Reagaird United Kingdom (Scottish Highlands) ChristianityRoman Catholic
Hinukh Northeast CaucasianTsezicHinuq Russia (Tsuntinsky and Kizlyarsky districts) IslamSunni Islam
Hispanic Americans Indo-EuropeanRomanceSpanishAmerican Spanish Hispanic America (Mexico, Colombia, Argentina, Peru, Venezuela, Chile, Ecuador, Guatemala, Bolivia, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Honduras, Paraguay, Nicaragua, El Salvador, Costa Rica, Panama, Uruguay), United States (Puerto Rico, Texas, New Mexico, California, Arizona, Colorado, Florida, Louisiana), Belize Mexican (Northeastern Mexican, Northwestern Mexican, Baja Californian, Western Mexican, Abajeno, Central Mexican, Southern Mexican, Coastal Mexican, Chiapaneco, Yucateco, Basque-Mexican, Mexican-American), Colombian (Cundinamarqués, Bogotan, Boyacense, Santandereano, Huilense, Tolimense, Paisa, Caucano, Pastuso, Valluno, Llanero, Amazonian Colombian, Guajiro, Sabanero, Samario, Vallenato, Chochoano, Tumaqueño, Basque-Colombian, Colombian-American), Argentinian (North Argentinian, Guaranitic, Cuyano, Cordobes, Puntano, Litoraleno, Porteno, Patagonian, Basque-Argentinian, Argentinian-American), Peruvian (Ecuatorial Peruvian, Coastal Peruvian, Andean Peruvian, Amazonian Peruvian, Peruvian-American), Venezuelan (Amazonian Venezuelan, Llanero, Andean Venezuelan, Western Venezuelan, Eastern Venezuelan, Island Venezuelan, Caraqueno, Zuliano, Central Venezuelan, Venezuelan-American, Venezuelan-Colombian), Chilean (Chilean-American), Ecuadorian (Quiteno, Riobambeno, Cuencano, Lojano, Esmeraldeno, Manabita, Guayaco, Amazonian Ecuadorian, Ecuadorian-American), Guatemalan (Guatemalan-American), Bolivian (Bolivian-American), Cuban (Cuban-American), Dominican (Dominican-American), Honduran (Honduran-American), Paraguayan (Paraguayan-American), Nicaraguan (Nicaraguan-American), Salvadoran (Caliche, Lenca, Salvadoran-American), Costa Rican (Costa Rican-American), Panamanian (Panamanian-American), Uruguayan (Uruguayan-American), Islenos, Hispanic-Belizean, Puerto Rican, Hispanic Americans in the United States (Chicano, Nuyorican), colonial-era Hispanos in the USA and their modern descendants (Tejanos, Californios, Neomexicanos, Floridanos, Isleños, Louisiana Spanish-Creoles), Spanish Americans (Asturian-American, Basque Americans, Catalan Americans, Canarian Americans, Galician Americans), along with significant populations in the United States, Spain, France, Canada, Italy, Japan, Germany, United Kingdom, Portugal, Australia and Sweden ChristianityCatholicism
Hispanic Afro-Caribbeans Indo-EuropeanRomanceSpanishAmerican Spanish

Indo-EuropeanRomanceSpanish-based creolesPalenquero

Hispanic Caribbean (Mexico, Caribbean Colombia, Venezuela, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Panama, Puerto Rico) Afro-Mexican, Caribbean Afro-Colombian (Palenquero), Afro-Venezuelan, Afro-Cuban (Ganga-Longoba), Afro-Dominican, Afro-Panamanian, Afro-Puerto Rican ChristianityCatholicism, Santeria, Orisha, Yoruba, Vodou, Traditional African religion
Hmong Hmong–MienHmongic[note 1] China (Guizhou)[note 38] A-Hmao, Gha-Mu, Xong, Pa-Hng, Hmong Americans Hmong folk religion
Hopi Uto-AztecanHopi United States (Hopi Reservation) Christianity, Native American Church
Huli Trans–New GuineaEnganHuli Papua New Guinea (Southern Highlands Province) Christianity, Papuan religion
Hungarians UralicUgricHungarian, Francosign → Austro-Hungarian Sign → Hungarian Sign Hungary, Romania (Szekely Land), Slovakia (Felvidek) Palóc, Matyó, Magyarabs, Hungarian Cumans, Jasz, along with significant populations in Romania (including Szekelys (including Bukovina Szekelys) and Csangos), Slovakia, Serbia, Ukraine, Croatia, Slovenia, Germany, the United States, and Canada ChristianityCatholicism, Eastern CatholicismHungarian Greek Catholicism, Hungarian Unitarianism
Hunzibs Northeast CaucasianTsezicHunzib Russia (Tsuntinsky District) IslamSunni Islam
Hutterites Indo-EuropeanGermanicHutterite German Great Plains Schmiedeleut, Lehrerleut, Dariusleut ChristianityAnabaptism
Hutu Niger–CongoBantuGreat LakesRwanda-Rundi[note 39] Rwanda, Burundi, Democratic Republic of the Congo (Kivu) Christianity
Iatmul SepikIatmul Papua New Guinea (East Sepik Province)
Iban AustronesianMalayicIban Malaysia (Sarawak) Mualang Christianity
Ibanag AustronesianPhilippineCordilleranIbanag Philippines (Isabela, Cagayan) ChristianityCatholicism
Ibibio Niger–CongoCross RiverIbibio, Niger–CongoCross RiverAnaang, Niger–CongoCross RiverEket, Nigeria (Akwa Ibom State) Eket, Anaang, Oron Christianity
Icelanders Indo-EuropeanGermanicIcelandic, FrancosignDTSicIcelandic Sign Iceland ChristianityProtestantismLutheranism, Asartu
Idoma Niger–CongoIdomoidIdoma Nigeria (Benue State) Agatu, Alago, Yala Christianity
Igbo Niger–CongoIgbo Nigeria (Igboland) Anioma, Aro, Edda, Ekpeye, Etche, Ezaa, Ika, Ikwerre, Ikwo, Isu, Izzi, Mbaise, Mgbo, Ngwa, Nri-Igbo, Ogba, Ohafia, Ohuhu, Onitsha-Ado, Ukwuani, Waawa, Igbo Jews Christianity, Odinala
Igede Niger–CongoIdomoidIgede Nigeria (Benue State) Christianity
Igorot AustronesianPhilippineCordilleran[note 1] Philippines (Cordillera Administrative Region) Balangao, Bontoc, Ibaloi, Ifugao (including Kalanguya), Isnag, Kalinga, Kankanaey Anitism
Ijaw Niger–CongoIjaw[note 1] Nigeria (Rivers, Bayelsa, and Delta States) Bille, Engenni, Ibani, Kalabari, Kula, Nkoro, Nkoroo, Obolo Christianity
Ili Turks TurkicKarlukIli Turki China (Ili Kazakh Autonomous Prefecture), Kazakhstan IslamSunni Islam
Ilocano AustronesianPhilippineCordilleranIlocano Philippines (Ilocos Region) ChristianityCatholicism
Imraguen Afro-AsiaticArabicHassaniya ArabicImraguen Mauritania, Western Sahara IslamSunni Islam
Indo Indo-EuropeanGermanicDutch, AustronesianMalayo-PolynesianMalayIndonesian Indonesia Christianity
Indo-Caribbean Indo-EuropeanGermanicEnglishEnglish Creole, Indo-EuropeanRomanceSpanishCaribbean Spanish, Indo-EuropeanRomanceFrenchFrench Creole, Indo-EuropeanGermanicDutchSurinamese Dutch, Indo-EuropeanRomancePortuguesePapiamento, Indo-EuropeanIndo-AryanHindustaniCaribbean Hindustani, DravidianTamil–KannadaTamil Caribbean Indo-Barbadian, Indo-Dominican, Indo-Grenadians, Indo-Guadeloupeans, Indo-Haitians, Indo-Jamaicans, Indo-Martiniquais, Indo-Kittitians and Indo-Nevisians, Indo-Saint Lucian, Indo-Trinidadian and Tobagonian, Indo-Vincentian, Indo-Belizeans, Indo-Guyanese, Indo-Surinamese Hinduism, Christianity, Islam, Sikhism, Jainism, Buddhism, Zoroastrianism, Baháʼí
Indo-Fijians Indo-EuropeanIndo-AryanHindustaniFiji Hindi, Indo-EuropeanGermanicEnglish, DravidianTamil–KannadaTamil, AustronesianMalayo-PolynesianOceanicFijian Fiji Significant populations in Australia, New Zealand, United States, Canada, and United Kingdom Hinduism, Islam, Christianity, Sikhism
Indo-Mauritians Indo-EuropeanRomanceFrenchMauritian Creole, Indo-EuropeanIndo-AryanBhojpuri, DravidianTamil Mauritius Hinduism, Islam
Indus Kohistanis Indo-EuropeanDardicIndus Kohistani Pakistan (Kohistan) IslamSunni Islam
Ingushes Northeast CaucasianNakhIngush Russia (Ingushetia) IslamSunni IslamShafi'i
Innu AlgicAlgonquianInnu-aimun, AlgicAlgonquianNaskapi Canada (Labrador, Quebec) Naskapi Animism
Inuit EskaleutInuit,[note 1] Inuit Sign language Danish Realm (Greenland), Canada (Nunavut, Nunatsiavut, Nunavik, NunatuKavut), United States (Alaska) Greenlandics (including Kalaallit, Tunumiit, Inughuit and Greenlandic Danes), Inupiat (including Nunamiut), Inuktitut, Inuvialuit, Iglulik Inuit (including Aivilingmiut) Christianity, Inuit religion
Iranis Indo-EuropeanIranianZoroastrian Dari India Zoroastrianism
Iranun AustronesianPhilippineIranun Philippines (Mindanao) IslamSunni Islam
Iraqi Turkmen TurkicOghuzIraqi Turkmen Iraq IslamSunni Islam, Shia Islam
Iraqw Afro-AsiaticCushiticIraqw Tanzania Christianity
Irish Indo-EuropeanCelticIrish, Indo-EuropeanGermanicEnglishHiberno-English, FrancosignIrish Sign, BANZSLBritish SignNorthern Ireland Sign Ireland Irish Catholics, Significant populations of Irish diaspora around the World such as in United States (including Scotch-Irish Americans), United Kingdom (including Ulster Scots people) Canada (including Scotch-Irish Canadians), Australia, New Zealand, Mainland Europe, Mexico, Argentina, Chile, Uruguay, Puerto Rico, and India ChristianityCatholicism and Protestantism
Irish Travellers Indo-EuropeanIrish and EnglishShelta, FrancosignIrish Sign Ireland Significant populations in the United Kingdom, and the United States ChristianityCatholicism
Isan Kra–DaiTaiLaoIsan Thailand (Isan) BuddhismTheravada Buddhism
Isoko Niger–CongoEdoidIsoko Nigeria (Isoko region) Christianity
Istro-Romanians Indo-EuropeanRomanceIstro-Romanian Croatia (Istria) ChristianityCatholicism
Italians Indo-EuropeanRomanceItalian, Indo-EuropeanSlavicSlavomolisano, Indo-EuropeanRomanceIstriot, Indo-EuropeanRomanceLigurian, Francosign → LISic → Italian Sign, formerly Indo-EuropeanRomanceDalmatian Italy Molise Croats,[18] Dalmatian Italians, Istrian Italians, Niçard Italians ChristianityCatholicism
Itawes AustronesianPhilippineCordilleranItawis Philippines (Cagayan Valley) ChristianityCatholicism
Itelmens Chukotko-KamchatkanKamchatkanItelmen Russia (Kamchatka Peninsula) Shamanism
Izhorians UralicFinnicIngrian Russia (Ingria) ChristianityEastern Orthodoxy
Jamaican Maroons Indo-EuropeanGermanicEnglishJamaican Patois, Jamaican Maroon Creole Jamaica Kumfu
Jambian AustronesianJambian Indonesia (Jambia) Batin Sunni Islam
Japanese/Yamato JaponicJapanese,[note 1][note 41] JaponicHachijō, JSLicJapanese Sign, Miyakubo Sign Japan Kantō, Kansai, Hokkaido, Tōhoku, Hōnichi, Satsugū, Chūgoku, Echigo, Tōkai, Shinshuu, Hokuriku, Hachijō, Miyakubo, Tsugaru, and Nikkei Brazilians in Japan, along with significant populations in Brazil, the United States (including Hawaii), Canada, the Caribbean (including Cuba, the Dominican Republic, and Jamaica), Mexico, Argentina, Uruguay, Venezuela, France, Germany, Russia, the United Kingdom, the Netherlands, China (including Hong Kong), Belgium (including Brussels), Spain, Turkey, Bolivia, Colombia, Paraguay, Peru, Chile, Egypt, India, Indonesia, North Korea, South Korea, Malaysia, Nepal, New Zealand, Australia, Pakistan, the Solomon Islands, Sri Lanka, Vietnam, South Africa, Singapore, the Federated States of Micronesia, Kiribati, the Marshall Islands, Palau, Thailand, Papua New Guinea, the United Arab Emirates, and the Philippines. Shinto, Tenrikyo, Buddhism[note 42]
Jarai AustronesianChamicJarai Vietnam (Central Highlands) Animism
Jarawas OnganJarawa India (South Andaman, Middle Andaman) Animism
Javanese AustronesianJavanesic[note 1] Indonesia (Java) Osing, Tenggerese, Boyanese, Banyumasan, along with significant populations in Malaysia, Suriname, China, Sri Lanka, French Guiana, New Caledonia, and Saudi Arabia IslamSunni Islam
Jeks Northeast CaucasianLezgicJek Azerbaijan (Mount Shahdagh) IslamSunni Islam
Channel Islanders Indo-EuropeanRomanceNorman, Indo-EuropeanGermanicEnglishChannel Island English British Crown Dependencies (Channel Islands) Jèrriais (including Sercquiais), Guernésiais, Auregnais Christianity
Jerusalemite Greek Christians Afro-AsiaticArabicLevantine Arabic, historically Indo-EuropeanHellenic Israel, Palestine, Jordan ChristianityEastern OrthodoxyGreek OrthodoxyGreek Orthodox Church of Jerusalem, CatholicismMelkite Catholicism
Jews Afro-AsiaticCanaaniteHebrewModern Hebrew,[note 43] Jewish languages,[note 1][note 44] DGSicIsraeli Sign, formerly Indo-EuropeanRomanceZarphatic, Indo-EuropeanRomanceJudaeo-Portuguese, Indo-EuropeanSlavicKnaanic Israel[note 45] Ashkenazim (including Galitzianers, Yekkes, Chuts, Unterlander Jews, Oberlander Jews, Litvaks, Afrikaner-Jews, Udmurt and Tatar Jews), Assyrian Jews, Sephardim (including Eastern Sephardim, North African Sephardim, Maroka'im, Algerian Jews, Tunisian Jews, Libyan Jews, Amazonian Jews, Iberian Jews, Sephardic Bnei Anusim, Xuetes, and Toshavim), Mizrahim (including Bukharim, Juhurim, Kurdish Jews, Syrian Jews, Arab Jews, Afghan Jews, Baghdadi Jews, Teimanim, Sharʿabi Jews, Habbanim, Banu al-Harith, Adeni Jews, Persian Jews, Mashhadi Jews, and Kaifeng Jews), Astrakhan Jews, Beta Israel (including Beta Abraham and Falash Mura), Italkim (including San Nicandro Jews and Italian Rite Jews), Rusape Jews, Romaniotes, Constantinopolitan Karaites, Bavlim, Crimean Karaites, Krymchaks, Gruzim, Benei Sion, Bene Israel, Banu Israil, Kochinim, Paradesi, Lishanid Noshan, Israeli Jews, B'nai Moshe, Bnei Menashe, Urfalim, Meshuchrarim, Abayudaya, Shaposhniki, Karaimites, African-American Jews, Desi Jews, Igbo Jews, and Bene Ephraim, along with significant populations in the United States (including Syrian Jews and Puerto Rican Jews), Canada, Argentina, Brazil, Uruguay, Russia, Belarus, the Czech lands, Ukraine, Moldova, Romania, Bulgaria, Poland, Turkey, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Austria, Italy, Greece, Switzerland, Belgium, Iraq, Denmark, the Netherlands, France, Monaco, the United Kingdom, Peru, South Africa, Australia, India (including Sephardim) and New Zealand Judaism
Jingpo Sino-TibetanSalJingpho China (Yunnan), India (Northeast India), Myanmar (Kachin State) Animism
Jita Tanzania (Mara Region) Christianity, Ethnic Religion
Jola Niger–CongoWest AtlanticSenegambianJola[note 1] Senegal (Jolaland) Banjaal, Bayot, Gusilay, Fogni, Karon, Kasa, Kuwaataay, Mlomp Traditional African religions
Jukun Niger–CongoJukun Takum[note 46] Nigeria (Wukari) Wannu Traditional African religions
Kabyle Afro-AsiaticBerberKabyle Algeria (Kabylia) IslamSunni Islam
Kadazan-Dusun AustronesianMalayo-PolynesianDusunic[note 1] Malaysia (Sabah) Kadazan, Dusun, Dumpas, Ida'an, Kwijau, Lotud, Mangka'ak, Maragang, Minokok, Orang Sungai, Rumanau, Rungus, Tambanuo Christianity, Momolianism
Kafwe Twa Niger–CongoBantuTonga Zambia (Kafue Flats) Traditional African religion
Kaguru Niger–CongoBantuKagulu Tanzania (Ukaguru Mountains)
Kaingang Macro-JeJeKaingang[note 1] Brazil (Parana, Santa Catarina, Rio Grande do Sul, Sao Paulo) Shamanism
Kalanga Niger–CongoBantuShonaKalanga Zimbabwe, Botswana Nambya Christianity
Kalash Indo-EuropeanIndo-AryanKalasha Pakistan (Chitral District) Kalasha
Kalenjin Nilo-SaharanNiloticKalenjin[note 1] Kenya (Rift Valley Province) Keiyo, Tugen, Marakwet, Nandi, Kipsigis, Sabaot, Pokoot, Terik Christianity
Kalinago Indo-EuropeanGermanicEnglish,[note 47] ArawakanTa-ArawakanKalinagoGarifuna, Vincentian Creole Lesser Antilles ChristianityCatholicism
Kalmyks Mongolic → Central Mongolic → OiratKalmyk Oirat, Sart Kalmyk Russia (Kalmykia), Kyrgyzstan (Issyk-Kul Region) Sart Kalmyks, Buzava BuddhismTibetan Buddhism
Kaluli Trans-New GuineaKaluli Papua New Guinea (Great Papuan Plateau) Papuan religion
Kamba Niger–CongoBantuKamba Kenya (Ukambani) Christianity
Kamentsa Camsa language Colombia (Putumayo) Christianity
Kanaks AustronesianKanak[note 1] France (Kanakia) Haveke, Ajie, Arha, Xaragure, Haeke ChristianityCatholicism
Kannadigas DravidianTamil–KannadaKannada India (Karnataka) Vokkaliga Hinduism, Jainism
Kanuri Nilo-SaharanSaharanKanuri Kanuriland (Nigeria, Niger, Chad, Cameroon) Kanembu, Yerwa Kanuri Islam
Kao people [id] West PapuanNorth HalmaheraKao, West PapuanNorth HalmaheraModole Indonesia (Kao Land [id]) Pagu, Modole people [id], Boeng, Towiliko Christianity, Islam, Animism
Kapampangans AustronesianPhilippineKapampangan Philippines (Pampanga) ChristianityCatholicism, Iglesia ni Cristo, Anitism
Kapsiki Afro-AsiaticChadicKapsiki Mandara Mountains (Nigeria, Cameroon) Islam
Karamanlides TurkicOghuzTurkishKaramanli Turkish Turkey (Karaman Province, Cappadocia)[25] ChristianityEastern OrthodoxyGreek OrthodoxyTurkish Orthodox Church
Karachays TurkicKipchakKarachay Russia (Karachay-Cherkessia) IslamSunni Islam
Karakalpaks TurkicKipchakKarakalpak Uzbekistan (Karakalpakstan) Qon'ırat, On To'rt Urıw IslamSunni Islam
Karatas Northeast CaucasianAvar–AndicKarata Russia (Dagestan) IslamSunni Islam
Karategin Uzbeks TurkicKarlukSouthern Uzbek Afghanistan IslamSunni Islam
Karbi Sino-TibetanKuki-Chin–NagaKarbic[note 1] India (Karbi Anglong district) Amri Hinduism, Animism
Karelians UralicFinnicKarelian, UralicFinnicLudic, UralicFinnicLivvi-Karelian Karelia (Finland, Russia) Tver Karelians, Olonets Karelians ChristianityEastern Orthodoxy
Karen Sino-TibetanKarenic[note 1] Myanmar (Karen State, Kayah State, Pa'O Self-Administered Zone), Thailand S'gaw Karen, Pwo Karen, Karenni (including Kayan), Pa'O BuddhismTheravada Buddhism
Karuk Karuk language United States (California) Christianity
Kashmiris Indo-EuropeanIndo-AryanDardicKashmiri Kashmir (India, Pakistan) Kashmiri Hindus (including Kashmiri Pandits), Kashmiris in Punjab IslamSunni Islam, Hinduism, Sikhism
Kashubians Indo-EuropeanSlavicKashubian, formerly Indo-EuropeanSlavicSlovincian Poland (Kashubia) Krubans, Slovincians, and Gochans, along with significant populations in the United States ChristianityCatholicism
Kaska Dena Na-DeneAthabaskanKaska Canada (British Columbia, Yukon Territory) Native American religion
Kawesqar AlacalufanKawesqar Chile (Chilean Patagonia, Wellington Island) ChristianityProtestantism
Kayapo Macro-JeJeKayapo Brazil (Pará, Mato Grosso)
Kazakhs TurkicKipchakKazakh Kazakhstan Uly juz, Orta juz, Kishi juz. Significant populations in China, Iran, Canada, the United States, and Russia IslamSunni Islam
Kemak AustronesianTimoricKemak Indonesia (West Timor), East Timor Folk religion, Christianity
Kereks Chukotko-KamchatkanChukotkanKerek Russia (Chukotka) Shamanism
Keres Keresan languages,[note 1] Keresan Sign Language United States (Sandoval County and Cibola County, New Mexico) Eastern Keres (including Dámáyámʾé, Dîiwʾamʾé, Katishtya, Kʾúutìimʾé, Tsʾíiyʾamʾé) Western Keres (including Áakʾùumʾé, Kʾáwáigamʾé)
Kerewe Niger–CongoBantuKerewe Tanzania (Ukerewe Island)
Kerincian AustronesianKerincian Indonesia (Kerincia) Sunni Islam
Ket Yeniseian → Northern Yeniseian → Ket Russia (Krasnoyarsk Krai) Shamanism
Khakas TurkicSiberian TurkicKhakas Russia (Khakassia) ChristianityEastern OrthodoxyRussian Orthodoxy, ShamanismTengrism
Khalaj TurkicCommon TurkicKhalaj Iran
Khanty UralicUgricKhanty[note 1] Russia (Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug)
Khas Nepal, India (Uttarakhand, Sikkim, Assam, West Bengal) Chhetri, Thakuri, Rana, Vaisya, Kami, Damai, Sarki, Sunar, Gandarbha Hinduism
Khasi AustroasiaticKhasi–PalaungicKhasic[note 1] India (Meghalaya) Pnar Christianity
Khinalugs Northeast CaucasianKhinalug Azerbaijan (Khinalug) IslamSunni Islam
Khmer AustroasiaticKhmer Cambodia, Mekong Delta, Isan Northern Khmer people, Khmer Krom and Significant populations in the United States BuddhismTheravada Buddhism
Khoja Significant population in East Africa IslamShia IslamIsmaili'smNizari Isma'ilism
Khonds DravidianKui India (Kandhamal) Hinduism
Khorasani Turks TurkicOghuzKhorasani Turkic Iran (Khorasan) IslamShia Islam
Khwarshi Northeast CaucasianTsezicKhwarshi Russia (Tsumadinsky District) IslamSunni Islam
Kickapoo AlgicAlgonquianKickapoo United States (Kansas, Oklahoma, Texas), Mexico (Coahuila, Sonora, Durango) Tribu Kikapú, Kickapoo Tribe in Kansas, Kickapoo Traditional Tribe of Texas, Kickapoo Tribe of Oklahoma
Kiga Niger–CongoBantuKiga Uganda, Rwanda ChristianityCatholicism, ChristianityProtestantism
Kikuyu Niger–CongoBantuKikuyu Kenya (Central Province) Christianity
Kilba Afro-AsiaticChadicHuba Nigeria (Hong) Christianity
Kinga Niger–CongoBantuKinga Tanzania (Kipengere Range) Christianity, Traditional African religion
Kiowa TanoanKiowa United States (Oklahoma) Christianity, Native American Church
Kirantis Sino-TibetanKiranti[note 1] Nepal (Eastern Region) Limbu, Sunuwar, Yakkha (including Athpare), Rai (including Kulung, Bantawa, and Bahing) Kirat Mundhum
Kiribati AustronesianMalayo-PolynesianOceanicMicronesianGilbertese Gilbert Islands (Kiribati) Christianity, Baha'i Faith
Kissi Niger–CongoWest AtlanticMelKissi Guinea, Sierra Leone Christianity
Klallam SalishanCoast SalishKlallam United States (Olympic Peninsula, Kitsap Peninsula), Canada (Vancouver Island) Lower Elwha Klallam, Jamestown S'Klallam, Port Gamble S'Klallam, Scia'new Klallam
Kodava DravidianTamil–KannadaKodava India (Kodagu, Bangalore, Mysore) Hinduism
Kofyar Afro-AsiaticChadicKofyar Nigeria (Plateau State) Traditional African religions
Komi UralicPermicKomi Russia (Komi Republic, Permyakia) Komi-Zyrians, Komi-Permyaks, Izhma Komi ChristianityEastern Orthodoxy
Konda Reddis Dravidian → South-Central Dravidian → Telugu India (Andhra Pradesh, Odisha, Tamil Nadu)
Kongo Niger–CongoBantuKongo Kongoland (Democratic Republic of the Congo, Republic of the Congo, Angola) Lari, Vili, Yombe, Suundi, Dondo, Hangala, Kugni, Manyanga, Beembe Christianity, Kongo religion
Konjo Niger–CongoBantuKonjo Rwenzori Mountains (Democratic Republic of the Congo, Uganda) Nande Christianity
Konkani Indo-EuropeanIndo-AryanKonkani India (Konkan) Luso-Indians Hinduism
Konso Afro-AsiaticCushiticKonso Ethiopia (Konso) Traditional African religions
Koreans Koreanic languages,[note 1] JSLicKorean Sign Korea (North Korea, South Korea), China (Yanbian Korean Autonomous Prefecture, Changbai Korean Autonomous County, Xi'an District) North Koreans (including in South Korea), South Koreans, Jeju Islanders, Koryo-saram, Sakhalin Koreans, Zainichi Koreans, Chaoxianzu (including in Japan and Korea) and along with significant populations in the United States, Canada, Mexico, Cuba, Guatemala, Russia (including North Koreans, Koryo-saram, and Sakhalin Koreans), China, Japan (including Zainichi Koreans), Vietnam, Thailand, Singapore, the Philippines, Indonesia, Mongolia, Iran, Nepal, Taiwan, Sri Lanka, India, the Arab world, Africa (including South Africa), Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay, Venezuela, Australia, Ukraine, New Zealand, Micronesia, Peru, Chile, Uruguay, Germany, the United Kingdom, the Netherlands, and the Czech Republic Christianity[note 27]Protestantism and Catholicism, Buddhism → Mahayana BuddhismKorean Buddhism, Korean shamanism, Cheondoism, Unification Church
Koryaks Chukotko-KamchatkanChukotkanKoryak Russia (Koryak Okrug) ChristianityEastern Orthodoxy, Shamanism
Kosraeans AustronesianMalayo-PolynesianOceanicMicronesianKosraean Juche (Kosrae) Christianity
Koyukon Na-DeneAthabaskanKoyukon United States (Alaska)
Kpelle Niger–CongoMandeKpelle Liberia, Guinea Traditional African religions
Kposo Niger–CongoKwaGhana–Togo MountainKposo Togo (Plateaux), Ghana ChristianityCatholicism
Kraho Macro-JeJeKraho Brazil (Terra Indigena Kraolandia)
Kristang Indo-EuropeanPortuguese-based creolesKristang Malaysia, Singapore ChristianityCatholicism
Kru Niger–CongoKru[note 1] Liberia (Grand Kru and Maryland Counties) Aizi, Bete, Bakwe, Grebo, Krahn (including Sapo), Kuwaa Christianity
Kryts Northeast CaucasianLezgicKryts Azerbaijan IslamSunni Islam
Kulin Pama-NyunganKulinicKulin Australia (Victoria) Alcheringa
Kumandins TurkicSiberian TurkicNorthern Altai → Kumandy Russia (Altai Krai, Altai Republic) ChristianityEastern OrthodoxyRussian Orthodoxy
Kumyks TurkicKipchakKumyk Russia (Kumykia) IslamSunni Islam
Kumzari Indo-EuropeanIranianKumzari Oman (Kumzar) IslamIbadi Islam, Sunni Islam
Kunama Nilo-SaharanKunama Eritrea, Ethiopia ChristianityOriental Orthodoxy
Kurds Indo-EuropeanIranianKurdish,[note 1] Indo-EuropeanIndo-IranianZaza–Gorani,[note 1] Kurdish Sign language Kurdistan (Iraq, Iran, Syria, Turkey, Armenia) Bajalan, Zazas, Feylis, Iranian Laks, Yazidis, Shabak, Sheylanli, Chalabianlu, Muzuri, along with significant populations in France, Palestine, and Germany IslamSunni IslamSufismNaqshbandi, Qadiriyya, Kurdish Alevism, Yazidism, Yarsanism, Zoroastrianism
Kuria Niger–CongoBantuKuria Kenya, Tanzania Traditional African religions, Christianity
Kurukh DravidianKurukh India (Chota Nagpur Plateau) Kisan Sarnaism, Christianity, Hinduism
Kuteb Niger–CongoJukunoidKuteb Nigeria (Taraba State) Christianity
Kuwarranyji Pama–NyunganNgumpin–YapaMudburra → Kuwarranyji Australia (Northern Territory)
Kvens UralicFinnicKven Norway (Northern Norway)
Kwakwaka'wakw Wakashan → Northern Wakashan → Kwak'wala Canada (British Columbia) Native American religion
Kwaya Niger–CongoBantuKwaya Tanzania (Mara Region)
Kwere Niger–CongoBantuKwere Tanzania (Bagamoyo District)
Kwinti Indo-EuropeanGermanicEnglishKwinti Suriname ChristianityMoravian Church
Kyrgyz TurkicKipchakKyrgyz, Mongolic → Central Mongolic → OiratSart Kalmyk Kyrgyzstan Sart Kalmyks, significant populations in Turkey IslamSunni IslamHanafi, Tengrism
Ladins Indo-EuropeanRomanceLadin Italy (Ladinia)
Laks Northeast CaucasianLak Russia (Lakia) IslamSunni Islam
Lamaholot AustronesianFlores–LembataLamaholot Indonesia (Solor) ChristianityCatholicism
Lampungs AustronesianLampung Indonesia (Lampung) Islam
Lani Trans-New GuineaWestern Dani Indonesia (Central Papua, Highland Papua) Christianity, Animism
Lao Kra–DaiTaiLao Laos BuddhismTheravada Buddhism, Satsana Phi
Larrakia Larrakia Australia (Northern Territory) Alcheringa
Latvians Indo-EuropeanBalticLatvian, Indo-EuropeanBalticLatgalian Latvia Latgalians, Kursenieki, Selonians ChristianityProtestantismLutheranism
Laz KartvelianLaz[note 48] Lazistan (Turkey, Georgia) Turkish Laz, Georgian Laz IslamSunni Islam
Lega Niger–CongoBantuLega Democratic Republic of the Congo Traditional African religions
Lemba Niger–CongoBantuVenda, Niger–CongoBantuShona Zimbabwe, South Africa, Malawi, Mozambique Christianity, Islam, Judaism
Lenape AlgicAlgonquianMunsee, formerly AlgicAlgonquianUnami United States, Canada Munsee (including Christian Munsee (including Delaware Nation at Moraviantown), Stockbridge Munsee, Munsee-Delaware Nation), Delaware Nation, Delaware Tribe of Indians, Lenape Indian Tribe of Delaware, Delaware of Six Nations, Nanticoke Lenni-Lenape, Ramapough Mountain Indians Traditional Lenape religion
Lenca Macro-ChibchanLencan, Indo-EuropeanRomanceSpanishHonduran Spanish, Salvadoran Spanish Honduras, El Salvador ChristianityCatholicism, Sovereign Tribal Custom
Lezgins Northeast CaucasianLezgicLezgian Lezgistan (Russia, Azerbaijan) IslamSunni Islam
Lhoba Adi, Bokar, Idu Mishmi[note 49] China (Tibet), India (Arunachal Pradesh) Nishi, Na, Galo, Mishmi people, Tagin, Adi Animism, Buddhism
Lhotshampa Indo-EuropeanIndo-AryanNepali Bhutan Hinduism, Buddhism
Li Kra–DaiHlai[note 1] China (Hainan) IslamSunni Islam
Limba Niger–CongoLimba Sierra Leone (Bombali and Koinadugu Districts) Christianity
Lipka Tatars Indo-EuropeanSlavicBelarusian, Polish, Indo-EuropeanBalticLithuanian Belarus, Poland, Lithuania IslamSunni Islam
Lisu Sino-TibetanLoloishLisu China, Myanmar Lipo ChristianityProtestantismLisu Christianity
Lithuanians Indo-EuropeanBalticLithuanian, Lithuanian Sign Lithuania Samogitians, Aukstaitians, Lietuvninkai, along with significant populations in the United States, Canada, Brazil, Poland and the United Kingdom ChristianityCatholicism
Livonians UralicFinnicLivonian Latvia, Estonia ChristianityProtestantismLutheranism
Lom Indo-EuropeanArmenian and Indo-AryanLomavren, Indo-EuropeanArmenian Armenia, Georgia, Turkey
Loloda West PapuanNorth HalmaheraLoloda Indonesia (Loloda Islands [id])
Lombards Indo-EuropeanRomanceItalian, Lombard, Gallo-Italic of Sicily Italy (Lombardy, Sicily) Lombards of Sicily
Lori Balochistan
Lower Cowlitz Formerly SalishanCoast SalishCowlitz United States (Cowlitz Reservation, Quinault Reservation, Chehalis Reservation)
Luba Niger–CongoBantuLuban[note 1] Democratic Republic of the Congo (Lubaland) Luba-Kasai, Luba-Katanga, Hemba (including Bangubangu), Songe, Lulua Christianity
Lubu AustronesianMalayicLubu Indonesia (Sumatra)
Luhya Niger–CongoBantuLuhya Kenya (Western Province) Bukusu, Idakho, Isukha, Kabras, Khayo, Kisa, Marachi, Maragoli, Marama, Nyole, Samia, Tachoni, Tiriki, Tsotso, Wanga, Christianity
Lumbee Indo-EuropeanGermanicEnglishAmerican Indian EnglishLumbee English United States (North Carolina) Christianity
Luo Nilo-SaharanNiloticDholuo Kenya Christianity
Lurs Indo-EuropeanIranianLuri Iran (Lorestan, Kohgiluyeh and Boyer-Ahmad, Khuzestan, Bushehr, and Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari Provinces) Bakhtiari, Iranian Laks IslamShia Islam, Yarsanism
Luritja Pama-NyunganWatiLuritja Australia (Northern Territory) Alcheringa
Luxembourgers Indo-EuropeanGermanicMoselle FranconianLuxembourgish Luxembourg, Belgium (Arelerland) Significant populations in Brazil and the United States ChristianityCatholicism
Maasai Nilo-SaharanNiloticMaasai Maasailand (Tanzania, Kenya) Samburu, Arusha, Kwavi Traditional African religions
Macanese Indo-EuropeanRomancePortugueseMacanese Patois, Sino-TibetanSiniticCantonese China (Macau) ChristianityCatholicism
Macedonians Indo-EuropeanSlavicMacedonian North Macedonia Torbesh, Mijaks, Brsjaks, along with significant populations in Australia, Germany, Italy, Switzerland and Greece ChristianityEastern Orthodoxy
Macushi CaribanMacushi Guyana (Rupununi), Brazil (Roraima) Shamanism
Madi Nilo-SaharanCentral SudanicMa'di Democratic Republic of the Congo, South Sudan, Uganda Christianity
Madurese AustronesianMadurese Indonesia (Madura)[note 50] Boyanese IslamSunni IslamShafi'i
Mafa Afro-AsiaticChadicMafa Cameroon Christianity
Magahi Indo-EuropeanIndo-AryanBihariMagahi India (Magadha) Hinduism
Magars Sino-TibetanMagar[note 51] Nepal Ale, Gharti, Chantayal, Saru, Pun Hinduism, Buddhism
Maguindanao AustronesianPhilippineMaguindanao Philippines (Maguindanao) Islam
Mahar Indo-EuropeanIndo-AryanMarathi India (Maharashtra) BuddhismNavayana Buddhism
Maithils Indo-EuropeanIndo-AryanBihariMaithili Mithila (India, Nepal) Karan Kayastha, Brahmin, Chhetri, Vaisya Hinduism
Makaa Niger–CongoBantuMakaa, Niger–CongoBantuByep Cameroon (East Region, Centre Region) South Makaa, North Makaa
Makah Wakashan → Southern Wakashan → Makah United States (Washington) Native American religion
Makassarese AustronesianSouth SulawesiMakassarese Indonesia (South Sulawesi) IslamSunni Islam
Makianese [id] West PapuanNorth HalmaheraMoi, AustronesianSouth HalmaheraTaba, Indonesia (Makian) Tabayama, Jitinee IslamSunni Islam, Animism
Makonde Niger–CongoBantuMakonde Tanzania, Mozambique (Mueda Plateau) Machinga Islam
Makua Niger–CongoBantuMakhuwa Mozambique Lomwe, Chuwabu, Moniga, Koti, Nathembo Traditional African religions
Malagasy AustronesianMalagasy Madagascar, Comoros, Mayotte, Réunion, Mauritius Merina, Sihanaka, Betsileo, Zafimaniry, Antaifasy, Antemoro, Antaisaka, Antambahoaka, Tandroy, Antankarana, Antanosy, Bara, Betsimisaraka, Bezanozano, Mahafaly, Makoa, Mikea, Sakalava, Tanala, Tsimihety, Vezo Christianity, Malagasy religion
Malayali DravidianMalayalamoidMalayalam India (Kerala) Ambalavasi, Dheevara, Nair, Paravar, Mappilas, Ezhava, Latheen Mappilas, St. Thomas Christians along with significant populations in the United Arab Emirates, Saudi Arabia, Oman, Qatar, Kuwait and Bahrain Hinduism, Islam, Christianity
Malays AustronesianMalayicMalay, AustronesianMalayicBrunei Malay AustronesianMalayicJambi Malay, AustronesianMalayicPahang Malay, AustronesianMalayicTerengganu Malay, AustronesianMalayicKelantan-Pattani Malay, AustronesianMalayicKedah Malay, AustronesianMalayicReman Malay, FrancosignASLicMalaysian Sign, AustronesianMalayicMalaySri Lanka Malay Malay world (Malaysia, Singapore, Indonesia, Brunei) Kedahans, Pattani, Pahang, Pontianaks, Terengganuarians, Kelantanese, Perakians, Berau, Loloan Malays, Proto-Malay (including Orang Kuala, Jakun, Orang Rimba, Orang Seletar, and Temuan) Cape Malays, Cocos Malays, Bangka Malays, Thai Malays, Burmese Malays IslamSunni Islam
Maldivians Indo-EuropeanIndo-AryanMaldivian Maldives, India (Minicoy) Mahls IslamSunni Islam
Maltese Afro-AsiaticArabicMaltese Malta Gozitans, with significant populations in Greece (including Corfu) ChristianityCatholicism
Mambai AustronesianTimoricMambai East Timor (Dili District) ChristianityCatholicism
Mambila Niger–CongoMambila Mambilla Plateau (Nigeria, Cameroon) Somyev Traditional African religions
Manavs TurkicOghuzTurkish Turkey (East Marmara Region, Marmara Region, Aegean Region) IslamSunni IslamHanafi
Manchus Tungusic → Southern Tungusic → Manchu[note 52] Manchuria (China, Russia) Significant populations in Taiwan Shamanism
Mandaeans Afro-AsiaticSemiticAramaicMandaic Southern Mesopotamia Iraq, Iran Mandaeism
Mandarese AustronesianSouth SulawesiMandar Indonesia (West Sulawesi) Islam
Mandinka Niger–CongoMandeManding[note 1] Mali, The Gambia, Guinea, Senegal Bolon Islam
Mangalorean Catholics Indo-European languagesIndo-AryanKonkani India (Karnataka) ChristianityRoman Catholicism
Manggarai AustronesianSumba–FloresManggarai Indonesia (Manggarai) Christianity
Manjak Niger–CongoWest AtlanticSenegambianManjak Guinea-Bissau, Senegal Traditional African religions
Mansi UralicUgricMansi[note 1] Russia (Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug)
Manx Indo-EuropeanCelticManx,[note 25] Indo-EuropeanGermanicEnglishManx English Isle of Man (Crown Dependency) Significant populations in the United States ChristianityProtestantism
Māori AustronesianPolynesianNew Zealand Māori,[note 53] New Zealand Māori Indians, with significant populations in the United Kingdom, Australia, and the United States Christianity
Mappila Muslims DravidianArabi Malayalam India (Kerala, Lakshadweep) IslamSunni Islam
Mapuche Araucanian languages[note 1][note 54] Chile (Araucania), Argentina Huilliche, Moluche, Pehuenche, along with Mestizos such as Chileans Christianity, Mapuche religion
Maranao AustronesianPhilippineMaranao Philippines (Lanao) Islam
Marathi Indo-EuropeanIndo-AryanMarathi India (Maharashtra) Mahar, Maratha, Kunbi, Dhangar, Bhoi Hinduism, Jainism
Maris UralicMari[note 1] Russia (Mari El) Meadow Mari, Hill Mari, Northwestern Mari, Eastern Mari, Mountain Mari ChristianityEastern Orthodoxy, Mari Native Religion
Maronites Afro-AsiaticSemiticWestern Aramaic,[note 1][note 55] Afro-AsiaticArabicCypriot Arabic Lebanon Significant populations in Syria, Cyprus and Israel along with the greater Lebanese diaspora ChristianityMaronite Catholicism
Marquesas Islanders AustronesianMalayo-PolynesiansPolynesianMarquesan France (Marquesas Islands) Christianity
Marshallese AustronesianMalayo-PolynesianOceanicMicronesianMarshallese Marshall Islands ChristianityProtestantism
Masa Afro-AsiaticChadicMasana Cameroon, Chad Christianity, Islam[citation needed]
Masalit Nilo-SaharanMasalit Sudan, Chad IslamSunni Islam
Matagi Japan (Ani, Shirakami-Sanchi)
Matawai Indo-EuropeanGermanicEnglishSaramaccan Suriname ChristianityMoravian Church
Mauritian Creoles Indo-EuropeanRomanceFrenchMauritian Creole Mauritius ChristianityCatholicism, Rastafari
Maya Mayan,[note 1] Mayan Sign Guatemala, Belize, Mexico (Yucatan, Campeche, Quintana Roo, Tabasco, Chiapas) Maya, Achi, Chuj, Chʼortiʼ, Itza, Kʼicheʼ, Qʼeqchiʼ, Xinca, Tektitek, Huastecan, Mopan, Lacandon, Chontal, Akatek, Jakaltek, Qʼanjobʼal, Tzeltal, Mochoʼ, Tojolab'al, Mam, Ixil, Tzotzil, Poqomam, Yucatecan Maya, Motozintlecos, Awakatek, Kaqchikel, Sakapultek, Sipakapense, Uspantek, Chʼol, and Tzʼutujil ChristianityCatholicism, Maya religion
Mazahua Oto-MangueanOto-PameanMazahua Mexico (State of Mexico) ChristianityCatholicism
Mazandaranis Indo-EuropeanIranianWestern IranianMazanderani Iran (Mazandaran) IslamShia Islam
Mazatec Oto-MangueanPopolocanMazatecan[note 1] Mexico (Oaxaca) Ayautla ChristianityCatholicism
Mbaka Niger–CongoUbangianMbaka Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo ChristianityCatholicism
Mbugu Niger–CongoBantuMbugu, Niger–Congo and Afro-AsiaticBantu and CushiticMaʼa, Niger–CongoBantuPare Tanzania (Usambara Mountains)
Megleno-Romanians Indo-EuropeanRomanceMegleno-Romanian Greece (Almopia) ChristianityEastern Orthodoxy, IslamSunni Islam
Mehri Afro-AsiaticSemiticMehri Oman (Dhofar Governorate), Yemen (Al Mahrah Governorate, Socotra) Islam
Meitei Sino-TibetanKuki-Chin–NagaMeitei India (Manipur) Loi HinduismVaishnavism
Melanau AustronesianMalayo-PolynesianMelanau Malaysia (Sarawak) Islam
Melungeons Indo-EuropeanGermanicEnglishAppalachian English United States (Appalachia) Carmel Indians ChristianityProtestantismBaptists
Mende Niger–CongoMandeMende Sierra Leone (Southern and Eastern Provinces) Islam
Mennonites Russian Mennonites, Old Order Mennonites, Old Colony Mennonites, with significant populations in Argentina, Belize, Bolivia, Colombia, El Salvador, Mexico, Paraguay, Peru, and Uruguay ChristianityAnabaptismMennonitism
Métis Indo-European and AlgicRomance and AlgonquianFrench and Plains CreeMichif, Indo-EuropeanRomanceFrenchMetis French, Indo-EuropeanGermanicEnglishBungi Canada (Canadian Prairies, British Columbia, Northwest Territories, Northwestern Ontario), United States (Michigan, Illinois, Ohio, Minnesota, North Dakota, Montana) Anglo-Metis, Little Shell Métis Christianity
Miami AlgicAlgonquianMiami United States (Illinois) Indiana Miami, Oklahoma Miami, Piankeshaw Christianity, Native American religion
Miccosukee MuskogeanMikasuki United States (Miccosukee Indian Reservation)
Mien Hmong–MienMienic[note 1] China (Hunan, Guizhou), Vietnam Iu Mien, Kim Mun, Dzao Min, Biao Min, Bunu, Lakkia, Biao Mon, San Diu Yao folk religion
Mijikenda Niger–CongoBantuMijikenda Kenya (Coast Province) Chonyi, Giriama, Digo, Segeju, Rabai Christianity
Minahasan AustronesianPhilippineMinahasan,[note 1] AustronesianMalayicMalay-based creoleManado Malay Indonesia (Minahasa Peninsula) Tonsawang, Tontemboan, Tondano, Tombulu, Tonsea ChristianityProtestantism
Minangkabau AustronesianMalayicMinangkabau, AustronesianMalayicNegeri Sembilan Malay Indonesia (Minangkabau Highlands), Malaysia (Negeri Sembilan) Overseas Minangkabau IslamSunni Islam
Misak BarbacoanNorthern BarbacoanCoconucanNam Trik Colombia (Cauca) Traditional religion, ChristianityCatholicism
Mishar Tatars TurkicKipchakTatarMishar Tatar, Indo-EuropeanSlavicRussian Russia (Penza Oblast, Mordovia, Ulyanovsk Oblast, Chuvashia, Nizhny Novgorod Oblast, Tatarstan, Samara Oblast, Saratov Oblast, Volgograd Oblast, Orenburg Oblast, Bashkortostan) IslamSunni Islam
Mising Sino-TibetanTaniMising India (Assam, Arunachal Pradesh) Donyi-Polo, Ekasarana Dharma
Miskito MisumalpanMiskito Mosquito Coast (Nicaragua, Honduras) Miskito Sambu ChristianityProtestantismMoravian Church
Mixe Mixe–ZoqueMixe[note 1] Mexico (Oaxaca) ChristianityCatholicism
Mixtec Oto-MangueanMixtecanMixtec Mexico (La Mixteca) Triqui, Cuicatecs, Amoltepec ChristianityCatholicism
Mi'kmaq AlgicAlgonquianMi'kmaq[note 26] Canada (Mi'kma'ki), United States (Maine) Mi'kmaq Nation, Miawpukek ChristianityCatholicism
Moghols Indo-EuropeanIranianDari, formerly MongolicMoghol Afghanistan IslamSunni Islam
Mohawk Iroquoian → Northern Iroquoian → Mohawk Canada (Quebec, Ontario), United States (New York) Animism, Christianity
Moken AustronesianMoken Thailand, Myanmar (Mergui Archipelago, Surin Islands) Buddhism
Mokshas UralicMordvinicMoksha Russia (Mordovia)
Moldovans Indo-EuropeanRomanceRomanianMoldovan, Francosign → Austro-Hungarian Sign → Moldova Sign Moldova Significant populations in Romania, Ukraine, Russia, Italy and the United States ChristianityEastern Orthodoxy
Molokans Indo-EuropeanSlavicRussian Russia ChristianitySpiritual Christianity
Mon AustroasiaticMon Myanmar (Mon State) BuddhismTheravada Buddhism
Monacans Formerly SiouanOhio Valley SiouanTutelo[note 56]
Monegasques Indo-EuropeanRomanceLigurianMonegasque Monaco ChristianityCatholicism
Mongo Niger–CongoBantuMongo Democratic Republic of the Congo (Equateur, Tshuapa, Mongala, Nord-Ubangi, Sud-Ubangi) Bolia, Ntomba, Ngando, Iyaelima, Mbole, Mpama, Nkutu, Sengele, Hendo, Dengese, Tetela Christianity
Mongols Mongolic languages,[note 1] Francosign → Austro-Hungarian Sign → Mongolian Sign China (Inner Mongolia, Dorbetia, Bayingolin, Dzungaria, Subei-Mongolia, Santania, Kharchinia), Mongolia Khalkha, Oirats (including Manchurian Öelets),[27] Hamnigan, Tsagaan, Yugur, Khatso, Bonan, Sichuan Mongols, Sogwo Arig, Altai Uriankhai, Ordos, Kanja, Sogwo Arig, Mughals, Santa, Naimans, Dariganga, Khorchin, Kharchin, Koke Nuur, Chaharian, Jalairs, Gorlos, Sartuul, Myangad, Tubalar, Uzemchin, Uradian, Tumed, Baarins, Zakhchin, Hishigten, Dorbet, Muumyangan, Jalaids, Abaganar, Chantuu, Olot, Sunud, Eastern Dorbet, Aohans, Onnigud, Khoshut, Abagas, Khotons, Alasha, Khoid, Eljigin, Choros, Qaidam, Fujin BuddhismTibetan Buddhism, Tengrism
Mongondow AustronesianPhilippineMongondow Indonesia (Mongondowia) IslamSunni Islam
Montenegrins Indo-EuropeanSlavicShtokavianMontenegrin Montenegro Significant populations in Serbia and the United States ChristianityEastern Orthodoxy
Moravians Indo-EuropeanSlavicCzechMoravian Czech Republic (Moravia) ChristianityCatholicism
Moriori AustronesianPolynesianMoriori,[note 57] Indo-EuropeanGermanicEnglish[28] New Zealand (Chatham Islands) Christianity including Rātana
Mormon[29] Indo-EuropeanGermanicEnglish United States (Mountain States) Mormonism
Mossi Niger–CongoGurMossi Burkina Faso (Mossiland) Islam
Mosuo Sino-TibetanNaishNa China (Sichuan and Yunnan) Daba, BuddhismTibetan Buddhism
Motu AustronesianMalayo-PolynesianMotu Papua New Guinea (Central Province) Christianity, Shamanism
Mudburra Pama–NyunganNgumpin–YapaMudburra Australia (Northern Territory)
Mughal Indo-EuropeanIndo-AryanHindustani, formerly Indo-EuropeanIranianPersian India, Pakistan, Bangladesh Islam
Muhajir Indo-EuropeanIndo-AryanUrdu Pakistan IslamSunni Islam
Mumuye Niger–CongoAdamawaMumuye Nigeria (Taraba State) Traditional African religions
Munanese AustronesianCelebicMunanese[note 1] Indonesia (Muna) Islam
Mundas AustroasiaticMundaMundari India (Jharkhand, Odisha, West Bengal) Sabar, Mahali Sarnaism
Murut AustronesianMalayo-PolynesianMurutic[note 1] Malaysia (Murutia) Okolod, Keningau, Tagal, Paluan, Selungai, Timugon, Serudung, Sembakung, Tidong, Kalabakan, Bulungan, Bookan ChristianityCatholicism
Muscogee MuskogeanMuscogee,[note 8] Muskogean → Eastern Muskogean → Mikasuki United States (Alabama, Tennessee, Georgia)[note 9] Thlopthlocco, Kialegee, Muscogee Nation, Poarch Band, Lower Muskogee Creek Tribe, Creek Freedmen Native American religionCreek mythology, Four Mothers Society
Musgum Afro-AsiaticChadicMusgu Cameroon (Far North Region), Chad (Chari-Baguirmi, Mayo-Kebbi Est) Islam
Muslimani Indo-EuropeanSlavicSerbo-Croatian[note 1][note 58] Serbia, Montenegro, Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Slovenia, North Macedonia Islam
Mwera Niger–CongoBantuMwera Tanzania (Mtwara and Ruvuma Regions) Islam
Nagas Sino-TibetanTibeto-BurmanKuki-Chin–Naga,[note 1][note 59] formerly Angami Naga Sign India (Nagaland, Manipur, Arunachal Pradesh, Assam), Myanmar (Naga Self-Administered Zone) Angami, Ao, Chakhesang (including Chokri and Khezha), Chang, Khiamniungan, Konyak, Lotha, Mao, Maram, Maring, Nocte, Phom, Pochury, Poumai, Rengma, Sangtam, Sumi, Tangkhul, Tangsa, Tikhir, Wancho, Yimkhiung, Zeliangrong (Zemi, Liangmei, Rongmei/Kabui), Lamkang Naga ChristianityProtestantismBaptists,
Nagpuri Indo-EuropeanIndo-AryanBihariSadri India (Chota Nagpur Plateau) Chik Baraik Hinduism
Nahuas Uto-AztecanNahuanNahuatl Mexico Huasteca Nahuas, Mexicaneros, Sierra Puebla Nahuas, Guerrero Nahuas, Orizaba Nahuas, Southeastern Puebla Nahuas, Central Nahuas, Pipil, along with Mestizos such as Mexicans ChristianityCatholicism, Aztec religion
Nakoda SiouanWestern SiouanStoney Canada (Alberta, Saskatchewan) Wood Stoney, Mountain Stoney
Nama KhoeKhoekhoe Namibia (Namaland), South Africa Oorlams Christianity
Nanai TungusicNanai, TungusicKili Russia, China Shamanism, BuddhismTibetan Buddhism
Naso ChibchanTalamancaTeribe Panama (Bocas del Toro) Native American religion
Natchez Natchez language[note 8] United States (Oklahoma, South Carolina) Eastern Band
Nauruans AustronesianMalayo-PolynesianNauruan Nauru ChristianityProtestantism
Navajo Na-DeneApacheanNavajo, Navajo Family Sign[note 8] United States (Navajo Nation) ChristianityCatholicism, Native American Church
Ndendeule Niger-Congo languagesBantu languagesNdendeule Tanzania
Nenets UralicSamoyedicNenets Nenets Autonomous Okrug, Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrug Forest Nenets, Tundra Nenets Shamanism, Animism
Newars Sino-TibetanNewar Nepal (Kathmandu Valley) Rajupadhaya, Rajbhandari, Pradhan, Malla, Shrestha, Shakya, Chitrakar Hinduism, BuddhismVajrayanaNewar Buddhism
Nez Perce Plateau PenutianSahaptianNez Perce,[note 8] Indo-EuropeanGermanicEnglish United States (Idaho, Washington) Waashat Religion, Christianity
Ngabe ChibchanGuaymi Panama (Ngabe-Bugle Comarca) ChristianityCatholicism
Ngaju AustronesianMalayo-PolynesianBaritoNgaju Indonesia (Central Kalimantan) Bakumpai, Meratus Kaharingan
Ngalop Sino-TibetanTibeticDzongkha Bhutan Kheng, Bumthang BuddhismTibetan Buddhism, Bon
Nganasans UralicSamoyedicNganasan Russia (Taymyr Autonomous Okrug) Animism, Shamanism, ChristianityEastern Orthodoxy
Ngbandi Niger–CongoUbangianNgbandi Democratic Republic of the Congo, Central African Republic Yakoma Christianity
Ngoni Malawi, Mozambique, Tanzania, Zimbabwe, and Zambia
Nias AustronesianNorthwest Sumatra–Barrier IslandsNias Indonesia (Nias) Christianity
Nicobarese AustroasiaticNicobarese India (Nicobar Islands) Christianity, Animism
Nipmucs Formerly AlgicAlgonquianLoup A, AlgicAlgonquianMassachusett United States (Chaubunagungamaug Reservation, Hassanamisco Reservation) Chaubunagungamaug Nipmuck, Hassanamisco Nipmuc, Nipmuc Nation
Niueans AustronesianMalayo-PolyesianPolynesianNiuean New Zealand (Niue) ChristianityProtestantismCalvinism
Nivkhs Nivkh languages[note 1] Russia (Khabarovsk Krai, Sakhalin Oblast) Shamanism
Nkole Niger–CongoBantuNkore-KigaNkore Uganda (Ankole) Christianity, Ruhanga
Nogais TurkicKipchakNogai Russia (North Caucasus) Ak Nogai, Karagash IslamSunni Islam
Norfolk Islanders Indo-EuropeanGermanicEnglish, Indo-EuropeanGermanicEnglish CreolePitcairn–NorfolkNorfuk Australia (Norfolk Island) Irreligion, ChristianityProtestantismAnglicanism[30]
Norwegians Indo-EuropeanGermanicNorwegian; Indo-EuropeanGermanicDano-NorwegianUrban East Norwegian, Bokmål, Riksmål; FrancosignDTSicNorwegian Sign Norway Kola Norwegians, Svalbarders, along with Significant populations in the United States, and Norwegian Canadians ChristianityProtestantismLutheranism
Nubis Afro-AsiaticArabic creolesNubi Uganda, Kenya Ugandan Nubis, Kenyan Nubis
Nubians Nilo-SaharanNubian[note 1] Nubia (Egypt, Sudan) Nobiin, Mattokki, Dongolawi, Midob, Birgid, Hill Nubians (including Dilling, Debri, Ghulfan, Kadaru, Karko, and Wali) IslamSunni Islam
Nuer Nilo-SaharanNiloticNuer South Sudan (Nuerland) Traditional African religions
NunatuKavummiut Canada (NunatuKavut)
Nùng Kra–DaiTaiNùng Vietnam, China (Guangxi) Moism
Nuristanis Indo-EuropeanIndo-IranianNuristani[note 1] Afghanistan (Nuristan) Safed-Posh Kaffirs (including Askunis), Kamkata-viris (including Kata and Kom) IslamSunni Islam
Nuu-chah-nulth Wakashan → Southern Wakashan → Nuu-chah-nulth Canada (British Columbia) Native American religion
Nuxalk SalishanNuxalk Canada (British Columbia) Native American religion
Nyambo Niger–CongoBantuNyambo Tanzania (Karagwe District, Kagera Region)
Nyishi Sino-TibetanTaniNishi India (Arunachal Pradesh) Christianity
Ōbeikei Islanders Indo-EuropeanEnglish CreoleBonin English Japan (Bonin Islands) Christianity, Buddhism, Shinto
Occitans Indo-EuropeanRomanceOccitan,[note 21] Indo-EuropeanRomanceGardiol Occitania (France, Italy, Spain) Aranese, Auvergnats, Provencals, Languedociens, Gascons, Nicois, Guardiota, Monégasque Occitans Christianity
Odawa AlgicAlgonquianOttawa[note 60] Canada (Ontario), United States (Oklahoma, Michigan)
Odia Indo-EuropeanIndo-AryanOdia India (Odisha) Utkala Brahmins, Khandayat, Bonaz, Badu; Bairagi (Oriya); Barika; Chaikwa; Chatarkheya; Dhobi, Oriya; Ganrar; Ghantarghada; Girigiria; Gond (Oriya); Haddi; Jhodia; Kobari; Koraga; Kuliya; Lohar, Oriya; Mali, Oriya; Malia; Panka (Oriya); Paroja; Patra; Radhi; Sannyasi; Teli, Oriya; Thanapati; Thoria Hinduism
Ogiek Nilo-SaharanNiloticOgiek Kenya (Mau Forest, Mount Elgon) Christianity, Traditional Ogiek religion[31]
Ogoni Niger–CongoCross RiverOgoni[note 1] Nigeria (Ogoniland) Baan, Eleme, Gokana, Tẹẹ Christianity
Ogu Niger–CongoKwaGbeGun Nigeria (Lagos, Ogun State), Benin
Oji-Cree AlgicAlgonquianOji-Cree Canada (Ontario, Manitoba)
Ojibwe AlgicAlgonquianOjibwe[note 1][note 60] Anishinaabeland (Canada, United States) Mississaugas, Saulteaux, Findians Midewiwin
Okies Indo-EuropeanGermanicEnglishOklahoman English United States (Oklahoma, California) ChristianityProtestantismSouthern Baptist
Oku Indo-EuropeanGermanicEnglish CreoleKrio, Indo-EuropeanGermanicEnglish Sierra Leone, The Gambia Islam
Oneida Iroquoian → Northern Iroquoian → Oneida[note 60] Canada (Ontario), United States (New York, Wisconsin) Longhouse Religion
Onge OnganOnge India (Little Andaman Island) Animism
Onondaga Iroquoian → Northern Iroquoian → Onondaga Canada (Ontario), United States (New York)
Orcadians Indo-EuropeanGermanicScotsOrcadian, Indo-EuropeanGermanicEnglishScottish English, BANZSLBritish Sign, formerly Indo-EuropeanGermanicNorn United Kingdom (Orkney)
Ormurs Indo-EuropeanIndo-IranianIranianEastern IranianOrmuri Afghanistan (Logar Province), Pakistan (South Waziristan) Islam
Orochs Tungusic → Udegheic → Oroch Russia (Khabarovsk Krai, Magadan Oblast, Sakhalin Oblast, Primorsky Krai)
Oromo Afro-AsiaticCushiticOromo Ethiopia (Oromia), Kenya Boorana, Barento, Salale, Machaa, Arsi, Wollo IslamSunni Islam
Oroqens Tungusic → Northern Tungusic → Oroqen China (Heilongjiang, Inner Mongolia)
Ossetians Indo-EuropeanIranianOssetian[note 1] Ossetia (Russia, Georgia) Iron, Digor, Kudar, Trialeti Ossetians ChristianityEastern Orthodoxy
Ot Danum AustronesianMalayo-PolynesianOt Danum Indonesia (West and Central Kalimantan) Lawangan, Ma'anyan Kaharingan
Otomi Oto-MangueanOtomianOtomi Mexico (Hidalgo, Puebla, Veracruz, State of Mexico, Queretaro) ChristianityCatholicism
Ovambo Niger–CongoBantuOvambo Namibia (Ovamboland), Angola ChristianityProtestantismLutheranism
Ovimbundu Niger–CongoBantuUmbundu Angola Christianity
Pākehā Indo-EuropeanGermanicEnglishNew Zealand English New Zealand Irreligion, Christianity
Palau AustronesianMalayo-PolynesianPalauan, Indo-EuropeanGermanicEnglishPalauan English Palau Christianity, Modekngei
Palawa Indo-EuropeanGermanicEnglish, Palawa kani, formerly Tasmanian languages[note 1] Australia (Tasmania) Alcheringa
Palembangese AustronesianMalayicPalembang Indonesia (South Sumatra)
Palula Indo-EuropeanDardicPalula Pakistan (Chitral District)
Pamiris Indo-EuropeanIranianPamir[note 1] Pamir Mountains (Tajikistan, Afghanistan, China) Shughni, Sarikoli (including Tajiks of Xinjiang), Yazghulami, Munji, Yidgha, Sanglechi, Ishkashimi IslamShia IslamIsma'ilism
Pangasinese AustronesianPhilippinePangasinan Philippines (Pangasinan) ChristianityCatholicism
Papel Niger–CongoAtlanticSenegambianPapel Guinea-Bissau (Biombo Region) ChristianityCatholicism
Parachis Indo-EuropeanIndo-IranianIranianEastern IranianParachi Afghanistan (Nijrab District, Kabul) Islam
Paramaccan Indo-EuropeanGermanicEnglishNdyuka Suriname (Pamacca) Winti
Pardo Indo-EuropeanRomancePortuguese Brazil ChristianityCatholicism
Pare Niger–CongoBantuPare Tanzania (Pare Mountains) Islam
Parsis Indo-EuropeanIndo-AryanGujaraticGujarati Indian subcontinent Zoroastrianism
Pashayi Indo-EuropeanIndo-AryanDardicPashayi[note 1] Afghanistan (Laghman, Kapisa and Nangarhar Provinces) IslamSunni Islam, IslamShia IslamIsma'ilismNizari Isma'ilism
Pashtuns Indo-EuropeanIranianPashto[note 1] Pashtunistan (Afghanistan, Pakistan) Kakar, Ghilji (including Lodi (including Niazi, Hotak (including Babai), and Lohani (including Marwat))), Punjabi Pathans (including Malerkotla Pathans and Multani Pathans), Tareen, Bettani (including Shirani), Afridi, Bangash, Durrani, with significant populations in the United States, India, Sri Lanka, IslamSunni IslamHanafi, Sikhism
Pataxo MaxakalianPataxo Brazil (Bahia) Shamanism
Pedi Niger–CongoBantuSotho–TswanaSepedi South Africa (Limpopo) Christianity
Pende Niger–CongoBantuPende Democratic Republic of the Congo Christianity
Pennsylvania Dutch Indo-EuropeanGermanicPennsylvania Dutch, Indo-EuropeanGermanicEnglishPennsylvania Dutch English United States (Pennsylvania) Schwenkfelders, River Brethren (including Yorker Brethren) ChristianityProtestantism
Persians Indo-EuropeanIranianPersian, Indo-EuropeanIranianAchomi Iran Arab-Persians, Achomi, Sistanis, Dezfulis, Shushtaris, along with significant populations in the United States, the United Arab Emirates, Canada, Germany, the United Kingdom, Israel, Bahrain, Australia, and Sweden IslamShia IslamTwelver Shi'ism, IslamSufismNi'matullāhī, Safaviyya, Zoroastrianism, Baha'i
Piapoco ArawakanUpper Amazon ArawakanPiapoco Colombia (Meta), Venezuela Traditional religion, ChristianityCatholicism
Pied-Noir Indo-EuropeanRomanceFrench Algeria Christianity
Pitcairn Islanders Indo-EuropeanGermanicEnglish, Indo-EuropeanGermanicEnglish CreolePitcairn-NorfolkPitkern British Overseas Territories (Pitcairn Islands) Significant population in Norfolk Island, along with a diaspora in Australia, and New Zealand[32] ChristianityProtestantismSeventh-day Adventism
Pitjantjara Pama-NyunganWatiPitjantjara Australia (Central Australia) Alcheringa
Podlashuks Indo-EuropeanSlavicUkrainian or BelarusianPodlachian Poland (Podlachia) ChristianityEastern Orthodoxy, ChristianityCatholicism
Pohnpeian AustronesianMalayo-PolynesianOceanicMicronesianPohnpeian Federated States of Micronesia (Pohnpei) Christianity
Poles Indo-EuropeanSlavicPolish Poland Podlachians, Masurians, Masovians, Łowiczans, Greater Polish (including Kaliszans, Kuyavians, Kuyavian Borowiaks, and Taśtaks), Lesser Polish (including Cracovians, Lasovians, Lublinians, and Sandomierzans), Poborzans, Kurpie, Bug River Poles, Bambers, Kociewians, Łęczycans, Polish Uplanders, Sieradzans, and Warmians, as well as Significant populations in the United States, Brazil, Germany, Canada, Iceland, Sweden, France, the United Kingdom, Argentina, Belarus, Russia, Australia, Lithuania, Ukraine, Ireland, and Norway ChristianityCatholicism
Poleshuks Indo-EuropeanSlavicBelarusian or UkrainianWest Polesian Polesia (Belarus, Poland, Russia, Ukraine)
Portuguese Indo-EuropeanRomancePortuguese, Indo-EuropeanRomanceMinderico, Indo-EuropeanRomanceBarranquenho, SSLicPortuguese Sign Portugal Alentejans, Algarveans, Azoreans, Barranquenhos,[33] Beiroes, Madeirans, Mindericos, Minhotos, Ribatejanos, Transmontanos, with significant populations in Africa (including Angola, Guinea-Bissau, Mozambique, South Africa),

Australia, Belgium, Brazil, Canada, France, Germany, India, Luxembourg, Switzerland, the United Kingdom, the United States, Uruguay, and Venezuela

ChristianityCatholicism
Potawatomi AlgicAlgonquianPotawatomi Canada (Ontario), United States (Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Michigan, Oklahoma, Wisconsin)
Potiguara TupianPotiguara, Indo-EuropeanRomancePortuguese Brazil (Paraiba) Shamanism
Punjabis Indo-EuropeanIndo-AryanPunjabi Punjab (Pakistan (Punjab), India (Punjab)) Arain, Awan, Gujjars, Jat, Khatris, Punjabi Rajputs, Sikhs, along with significant populations in the United Kingdom, Canada, and the United States. IslamSunni Islam, IslamSunni IslamAhmadiyya, Hinduism, Sikhism
Punjabi Mexican Americans United States (California)
Purepecha Purepecha Mexico (Michoacan) ChristianityCatholicism
Qarai Turks Turkic, Indo-EuropeanIranianPersian Iran (Kerman Province) IslamShia Islam
Qaratays TurkicKipchakTatar → Qataray Russia (Kamsko-Ustyinsky District)
Qashqai TurkicOghuzQashqai Iran (Fars Province) IslamShia Islam
Qiang Sino-TibetanQiangic[note 1] China (Ngawa Tibetan and Qiang Autonomous Prefecture) Qiang folk religion
Quechan YumanQuechan United States (Arizona, California) Native American religion, Christianity
Quechua Quechuan[note 1] Peru, Bolivia, Ecuador, Colombia, Argentina Ayacucho, Cajamarca–Canaris, Central, Chachapoyas, Cusco, Inga, Kichwa, Lamas, North Bolivian, Pacaraos, Puno, Santiagueno, South Bolivian ChristianityCatholicism, Inca religion
Quileute ChimakuanQuileute United States (Washington) Native American religion
Rabari India (Kutch District) Hinduism
Qulla QuechuanSouthern Quechua Argentina, Bolivia, Chile ChristianityCatholicism
Rade AustronesianChamicRade Central Highlands, Vietnam Christianity
Raizal Indo-EuropeanGermanicEnglishSan Andres-Providencia Creole Colombia (Archipelago of San Andres, Providencia, and Santa Catalina) Christianity
Rajasthanis Indo-EuropeanIndo-AryanRajasthani[note 1] India (Rajasthan) Charan, Kachhi, Marwari, Meena, Rajputs (including Chandels, Mahyavanshi, and Molesalam) Hinduism, Jainism, Sikhism
Rajbongshi Indo-EuropeanIndo-AryanKamtapuri India (Assam, West Bengal), Bangladesh Hinduism
Rakhine Sino-TibetanBurmeseArakanese Myanmar (Rakhine State) Marma BuddhismTheravada Buddhism
Ramkokamekra Macro-JeJeCanela Brazil (Northeast Region)
Ranquel AraucanianMapudungun → Ranquel Argentina (La Pampa Province)
Rapa Nui AustronesianPolynesianRapa Nui Chile (Easter Island) ChristianityCatholicism
Redbones United States (Louisiana) Christianity
Reisende Norway Christianity
Rejangese AustronesianMalayo-PolynesianRejang Indonesia (Rejang Lebong Regency) IslamSunni Islam
Rendille Afro-AsiaticCushiticRendille Kenya (Eastern Province) Waaq
Resians Indo-EuropeanSlavicSloveneResian Italy (Resia, Friuli)
Rhodesians Indo-EuropeanGermanicEnglishZimbabwean English Zimbabwe Significant populations in the United Kingdom Christianity
Rifians Afro-AsiaticBerberTarifit Morocco IslamSunni Islam
Rohingyas Indo-EuropeanIndo-AryanRohingya Myanmar (Rakhine State) Islam
Roma Indo-EuropeanIndo-AryanRomani,[note 1] Para-Romani,[note 1][note 61] Indo-EuropeanRomanceRomanianBoyash Europe, Turkey, Cyprus, Caucasus[note 29] Kalderash, Iberian Cales (including Spanish Cales, Portuguese Cales, Brazilian Cales), Erromintxela, Finnish Kale, Welsh Kale, Romanichal (including Scottish Romanichal Travellers), Lowland Scottish Travellers, Sinti (including Manouches), Belaruska Roma, Litovska Roma, Lotfitka Roma, Ruska Roma, Crimean Roma, Gurbeti, Xoraxane Roma (including Turkish Roma, Zargari, and Arlije), Romanisal, Bergitka Roma, Polska Roma, Cascarots, Ursari, Balshade), Romanlar (including Turkish Roma, Sepetçi, Ayjides, Yerli, and Çerge), Wallachian Roma, Servitka Roma, Lovari, Boyash, along with significant populations in Albania, Algeria (including Beni Ades), Australia, Austria, Belarus, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Brazil, Bulgaria, Canada, Colombia, Croatia, the Czech Republic, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Kosovo, Mexico, Montenegro, Morocco, the Netherlands, North Macedonia, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Turkey, Ukraine, the United Kingdom, the United States (including Balshade), and Uruguay Christianity, Islam
Romanians Indo-EuropeanRomanceRomanian Romania, Moldova Wallachians (including Oltenians and Muntenians), Moldavians, along with significant populations in France, Germany, Italy, Spain, Ukraine, the United Kingdom, and the United States ChristianityEastern Orthodoxy
Romansh Indo-EuropeanRomanceRomansh Switzerland (Grisons) Christianity
Rotenese AustronesianTimoricRotenese[note 1] Indonesia (Rote Island) Dela, Oenale Christianity
Rotumans AustronesianMalayo-PolynesianRotuman Fiji (Rotuma)
Russians Indo-EuropeanSlavicRussian, FrancosignRussian Sign Russia Caucasus Russians, Cossacks (including Kuban Cossacks and Nekrasov Cossacks), Pomors, Lipovans, Subbotniks, Molokans (including Subbotnik Molokans) along with significant populations in Azerbaijan, Belarus, Brazil, Canada, China (including Hong Kong), Estonia, France, Germany, Israel, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Taiwan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, the United States, Uzbekistan ChristianityEastern Orthodoxy
Rusyns Indo-EuropeanSlavicCarpathian Rusyn, Pannonian Rusyn Carpathian Ruthenia (Ukraine, Slovakia, Poland),[note 62] Pannonian Plain (Croatia, Serbia) Pannonian Rusyns, Lemkos, Hutsuls, Boykos ChristianityEastern Catholicism
Rutuls Northeast CaucasianLezgicRutul Russia (Dagestan), Azerbaijan
Ryukyuans JaponicRyukyuan;[note 1][note 63] JaponicJapaneseOkinawan Japanese, Amami Japanese; Koniya Sign Japan (Ryukyu Islands) Amami (including Kikai, Amami Ōshima (including Setouchi), Tokunoshima, Okinoerabu, and Yoron), Okinawans (including Kunigami) Miyakoans, Tarama, Yaeyama, Yonaguni, with significant populations in Bolivia, Brazil, and the United States (including Hawaii) Ryukyuan religion
Saho Afro-AsiaticCushiticSaho Eritrea, Ethiopia IslamSunni Islam
Sahrawis Afro-AsiaticArabicHassaniya Arabic Western Sahara Reguibat, Oulad Delim, Oulad Tidrarin, Laaroussien, Tekna, Tajakant, Aït Oussa IslamSunni Islam
Sahtu Na-DeneAthabaskanSlavey Northwest Territories (Canada) Christianity, Animism
Saint Helenians Indo-EuropeanGermanicEnglish Saint Helena ChristianityAnglicanism
Saint Thomas Christians DravidianMalayalam India (Kerala) Knanayas ChristianitySaint Thomas Christianity
Sakizaya AustronesianEast FormosanSakizaya Hualien County (Taiwan) Animism, Christianity
Salar TurkicOghuzSalar China (Qinghai, Gansu) IslamSunni Islam
Salinan HokanSalinan United States (California) Native American religion
Sama-Bajau AustronesianMalayo-PolynesianBaritoSama–Bajaw[note 1] Maritime Southeast Asia (Philippines, Malaysia, Indonesia, Brunei)[note 29] Sama (including Banguingui), Bajaw, Abaknon IslamSunni Islam
Samana Americans Indo-EuropeanGermanicEnglishSamana English Dominican Republic (Samana Province) ChristianityProtestantismMethodism
Samaritans Afro-AsiaticCanaaniteHebrewModern Hebrew, Afro-AsiaticArabicSouth Levantine ArabicPalestinian Arabic, formerly Afro-AsiaticCanaaniteSamaritan Hebrew, Afro-AsiaticAramaicSamaritan Aramaic Israel Samaritanism
Sambal AustronesianPhilippineSambalic[note 1] Philippines (Zambales) Bolinao, Botolan (including Banguingui) ChristianityCatholicism
Sámi UralicSámi,[note 1] formerly UralicSámiAkkala Sámi, UralicSámiKemi Sámi, Kainuu Sámi Sapmi (Norway, Sweden, Finland, Russia) Inari Sámi, Kildin Sámi, Lule Sámi, Northern Sámi, Pite Sámi, Skolt Sámi, Southern Sámi, Ter Sámi, Ume Sámi, Akkala Sámi ChristianityProtestantismLutheranism
Sammarinese Indo-EuropeanRomanceRomagnol → Sammarinese, Indo-EuropeanRomanceItalian San Marino ChristianityCatholicism
Samoans AustronesianPolynesianSamoan Samoan Islands (Samoa, American Samoa) American Samoans Christianity
Sandawe Sandawe Tanzania (Chemba District) Traditional African Religion, Islam
Sangirese AustronesianPhilippineSangirese Indonesia (Sangihe Islands), Philippines (Mindanao) ChristianityProtestantism
Santal AustroasiaticMundaSantali India (West Bengal, Jharkhand, Odisha)[note 3] ChristianityCatholicism
Sara Nilo-SaharanCentral SudanicSara[note 1] Chad, Central African Republic Ngambay, Doba, Laka, Kabba, Sar, Mbay, Ngam, Dagba, Gulay Traditional African religions
Saramaka Indo-EuropeanGermanicEnglishSaramaccan Suriname Winti, ChristianityMoravian Church
Sardinians Indo-EuropeanRomanceSardinian,[note 1] Indo-EuropeanRomanceSassarese, Indo-EuropeanRomanceGallurese Italy (Sardinia) Logudorese, Campidanese, Sassarese, Gallurese ChristianityCatholicism
Sasak AustronesianSasak Indonesia (Lombok) Islam
Saurashtras Indo-EuropeanIndo-AryanSaurashtra India (South India) HinduismVaishnavism, HinduismShaivism
Savu AustronesianSumba–FloresSumbaHawu India (Savu) ChristianityProtestantism
Scots Indo-EuropeanGermanicEnglishScottish English, Indo-EuropeanGermanicScots, Indo-EuropeanCelticScottish Gaelic,[note 25] BANZSLBritish Sign United Kingdom (Scotland) Ulster Scots, Shetlanders, Highlanders, Lowlanders, Berwickers, along with significant populations in the United States (including Scotch-Irish Americans), Canada (including Scotch-Irish Canadians), Australia, Argentina, Russia, and the Bahamas ChristianityProtestantismCalvinism
Selkups UralicSamoyedicSelkup Russia (Tomsk Oblast, Krasnoyarsk Krai, Tyumen Oblast) Shamanism, ChristianityEastern Orthodoxy
Seminoles MuskogeanMuscogeeSeminole, MuskogeanMikasuki, Afro-Seminole Creole United States (Oklahoma, Florida), Mexico (Coahuila) Oklahoma Seminoles, Black Seminoles (including Mascogos), Florida Seminoles
Semnanis Indo-EuropeanIranianSemnani[note 1] Iran (Semnan) Biyabunakis, Sangsaris, Sorkheis, Aftaris, Lasgerdis IslamShia IslamTwelver Shi'ism
Seneca Iroquoian → Northern Iroquoian → Seneca Canada (Ontario), United States (New York, Oklahoma)
Sentinelese Sentinelese India (North Sentinel Island)
Senufo Niger–CongoSenufo[note 1] Mali, Ivory Coast, Burkina Faso Nafana, Minyanka Traditional African religions
Serbs Indo-EuropeanSlavicShtokavianSerbian Serbia, Bosnia and Herzegovina (Republika Srpska), Montenegro, Croatia, Romania, Hungary, Albania, Bulgaria, Slovenia Kosovo Serbs, Montenegrin Serbs, Croatian Serbs, Bosnian Serbs, Macedonian Serbs, Romanian Serbs, Hungarian Serbs, Albanian Serbs, Bulgarian Serbs, Slovenian Serbs, Vojvodinian Serbs, Triestine Serbs, Serb Muslims, along with significant populations in Germany, Austria, France, Slovakia, and Sweden ChristianityEastern Orthodoxy
Serer Niger–CongoWest AtlanticSenegambianSerer Senegal Laalaa, Ndut, Niominka, Serer-Noon, Palor, Saafi Islam, Serer religion
Seychellois Creoles Indo-EuropeanRomanceFrenchSeychellois Creole Seychelles ChristianityCatholicism
Shan Kra–DaiTaiShan Myanmar (Shan State) BuddhismTheravada Buddhism
Sharchops Sino-TibetanTibeto-KanauriTshangla Bhutan (Lhuntse, Mongar, Pemagatshel, Samdrup Jongkhar, Trashigang, and Trashiyangtse Districts) BuddhismTibetan Buddhism, Bon
Shawnee AlgicAlgonquianShawnee United States (Oklahoma, formerly Ohio) Absentee Shawnee, Eastern Shawnee, Piqua Shawnee, Shawnee Tribe
Sherbro Niger–CongoAtlanticMelSherbro Sierra Leone (Sherbro Island) Traditional African religions
Shilha Afro-AsiaticBerberShilha Morocco IslamSunni Islam
Shilluk Nilo-SaharanNiloticShilluk South Sudan Gule ChristianityCatholicism
Shina Indo-EuropeanDardicShina, Indo-EuropeanDardicKohistani Shina Pakistan (Gilgit-Baltistan) Kohistani Shina Islam
Shirazi Niger–CongoAtlantic-CongoBantuSwahili Tanzania (Swahili Coast), Kenya, Mozambique, Comoros Zanzibaris, and Maore IslamSunni Islam
Shiriana ArawakanShiriana, Arutani language Brazil (Amazonas, Amazon rainforest), Venezuela (Amazon rainforest) Auake
Shompen Shompen India (Great Nicobar Island) Animism
Shona Niger–CongoBantuShona Zimbabwe (Mashonaland) Manyika, Ndau Christianity
Shopi Indo-EuropeanSlavicBulgarian Shopluk (Bulgaria, Serbia, North Macedonia)
Shors TurkicSiberian TurkicShor Russia (Kemerovo Oblast) ChristianityEastern OrthodoxyRussian Orthodoxy, ShamanismShor Shamanism
Shoshone Uto-AztecanNumicShoshoni Wyoming, Idaho, Nevada, Utah (United States) Eastern Shoshone, Northern Shoshone, Western Shoshone, Goshute Native American Church, Christianity
Sibe TungusicXibe[note 52] China (Liaoning, Jilin, Xinjiang)[note 3] Shamanism[note 27]
Siberian Tatars TurkicKipchakSiberian Tatar Russia (Western Siberia) Baraba Tatars, Chats, Eushta Tatars, Kalmak Tatars, Zabolotnie Tatars IslamSunni Islam
Siberian Yupik Eskaleut → Eskimo → Siberian Yupik, Eskaleut → Eskimo → Naukan Russia (Chukchi Peninsula), United States (St. Lawrence Island) Naukan Shamanism
Sicilians Indo-EuropeanRomanceSicilian, formerly Afro-AsiaticArabicSiculo-Arabic Italy (Sicily) Significant populations in the United States ChristianityCatholicism
Sidama Afro-AsiaticCushiticSidaama Ethiopia (Sidamia) Christianity
Siddi Niger–CongoBantuSwahili[note 64]Sidi Pakistan (Baluchistan, Sindh), India (Karnataka, Gujarat, Hyderabad) Islam
Sierra Leone Creoles Indo-EuropeanGermanicEnglishKrio, Indo-EuropeanGermanicEnglishPichinglis Sierra Leone Gambian Creoles, Saros, Krio Fernandinos, with significant populations in the United States Christianity
Sika AustronesianFlores–LembataSika Indonesia (Sikka Regency) ChristianityCatholicism
Silesians Indo-EuropeanSlavicSilesian, Indo-EuropeanGermanicHigh GermanSilesian German Silesia (Poland, Germany, Czech Republic) Cieszyn Vlachs, along with significant populations in the United States (including Texas) ChristianityCatholicism, Christianity → ProtestantismLutheranism
Siltʼe Afro-AsiaticSemiticEthiopicGurageSiltʼe Ethiopia (Siltia) Islam
Sindhis Indo-EuropeanIndo-AryanSindhi Pakistan (Sindh) Jat, Memon, Arain, Indian Sindhis IslamSunni IslamHanafi, Hinduism
Sinhalese Indo-EuropeanIndo-AryanSinhala Sri Lanka Dewa, British Sri Lankans, Burghers (including Portuguese Burghers and Dutch Burghers) BuddhismTheravada Buddhism
Siona TucanoanWestern TucanoanSiona Ecuador (Sucumbios), Colombia (Putumayo) Animism
Sioux SiouanWestern SiouanSioux[note 1][note 65] United States (Lakotah) Lakota (including Brulé, Oglala, Sans Arc, Hunkpapa, Miniconjou, and Sihasapa) and Dakota (including Mdewakanton) Native American religion
Sirenik Eskaleut → Eskimo → Siberian Yupik,[note 66] formerly Eskaleut → Eskimo → Sirenik Russia (Sireniki)
Skokomish SalishanCoast SalishTwana United States (Skokomish Indian Reservation)
Slovaks Indo-EuropeanSlavicSlovak Slovakia, Hungary, Austria Significant populations in Czech Republic, Bulgaria, Hungary, Austria, Serbia, Croatia, United States, Australia, and Canada ChristianityCatholicism
Slovenes Indo-EuropeanSlavicSlovene Slovenia Significant populations in the United States, Canada, Australia, Carinthia, Hungary, Uruguay, Venezuela, Argentina, Croatia, and Italy ChristianityCatholicism
Soga Niger–CongoBantuSoga Uganda (Busoga) Christianity, Traditional African religions
Somalis Afro-AsiaticCushiticSomali[note 1] Greater Somalia (Somalia, Ethiopia, Djibouti, Kenya) Hawiye, Darod (including Majeerteen), Isaaq, Dir, Rahanweyn, Madhiban, Yibir, Ajuran along with significant populations in the United States, the United Kingdom, Sweden, and Canada IslamSunni IslamShafi'i
Songhai Songhay languages[note 1] West Africa Songhai proper, Zarma, Wogo, Kurtey, Ingalkoyyu, Arma, Belbali, Dendi Islam
Soninke Niger–CongoMandeSoninke Mali IslamSunni IslamMaliki
Sonsorolese AustronesianMicronesianSonsorolese Palau (Sonsorol) Christianity
Soqotris Afro-AsiaticModern South ArabianSoqotri Yemen (Socotra) Islam
Sorbs Indo-EuropeanSlavicSorbian[note 1] Lusatia (Germany, Poland) Upper Sorbs, Lower Sorbs, with significant populations in the United States (including Texas) ChristianityCatholicism
Sotho Niger–CongoBantuSotho South Africa (Free State), Lesotho Christianity
South Carolina Turks[34] Indo-EuropeanGermanicEnglish United States (Dalzell, Sumter County, South Carolina) Islam
South Sea Islanders Indo-EuropeanGermanicEnglishAustralian English Australia (Queensland)
Soyots TurkicSiberian Turkic → Taiga Sayan Turkic → Soyot Russia (Okinsky District) Shamanism
Spaniards Indo-EuropeanRomanceSpanish, Indo-EuropeanRomanceExtremaduran, Indo-EuropeanRomanceAsturleonese, Indo-EuropeanRomanceBarranquenho, Spanish Sign language Spain, Portugal (Barrancos) Barranquenhos,[33] Castilians, Leonese, Cantabrians, Extremadurans, Mercheros ChristianityCatholicism
Sri Lankan Chetties DravidianTamil–KannadaTamil, Indo-EuropeanIndo-AryanSinhala Sri Lanka ChristianityCatholicism, ChristianityProtestantismAnglicanism, ChristianityProtestantismCalvinism
Sri Lanka Kaffirs Indo-EuropeanRomancePortuguese CreoleSri Lankan Portuguese Creole ChristianityCatholicism, BuddhismTheravada Buddhism
Sri Lanka Malays AustronesianMalay creolesSri Lankan Malay Sri Lanka IslamSunni Islam
Sri Lankan Moors Indo-EuropeanIndo-AryanTamilSri Lankan Muslim Tamil Sri Lanka IslamSunni Islam
Sui Kra–DaiKam–SuiSui China (Sandu Shui Autonomous County) Animism
Sukuma Niger–CongoBantuSukuma Tanzania ChristianityCatholicism
Sulanese [id] AustronesianCentral MalukuSula Indonesia (Sula Islands Regency) Fagudu [id], Falahu, Fatcei, Mangon IslamSunni Islam, Animism
Sumba AustronesianSumba–FloresSumba[note 1] Indonesia (Sumba) Anakalangu, East Sumbanese, Kodi, Lamboya, West Sumbanese, Mamboru, Wanukaka ChristianityProtestantism
Sumbawa AustronesianSumbawa Indonesia (Sumbawa) Islam
Sundanese AustronesianMalayo-PolynesianSundanese-Baduy[note 1] Indonesia (Java) Bantenese, Baduy, Ciptagelar IslamSunni Islam
Surma Nilo-SaharanSurmic[note 1] Ethiopia, South Sudan Me'en, Mursi, Kichepo Traditional African religions
Susu Niger–CongoMandeSusu Guinea, Sierra Leone (Kambia) Islam
Swahili Niger–CongoBantuSwahili Swahili coast (Kenya, Tanzania, Mozambique, Comoros) Islam
Swazi Niger–CongoBantuSwazi South Africa (Mpumalanga), Eswatini ChristianityAfrican Zionism
Swedes Indo-EuropeanGermanicSwedish, Indo-EuropeanGermanicDalecarlian, Indo-EuropeanGermanicEast DanishScanian, Indo-EuropeanGermanicGutnish, Indo-EuropeanGermanicNorrlandic, Indo-EuropeanGermanicJamtska, SSLicSwedish Sign Sweden, Estonia (Aiboland) Scanians, Jamtish, Gutnish, Dalecarlians, Estonian Swedes along with significant populations in the United States, Canada, Argentina, and the United Kingdom ChristianityProtestantismLutheranism
Sylhetis Indo-EuropeanIndo-AryanSylheti Bangladesh (Sylhet Division), India (Barak Valley) IslamSunni Islam
Syrian Turkmen TurkicOghuzTurkishSyrian Turkmen Syria IslamSunni Islam, Alevism
Tabaru people [id] West PapuanNorth HalmaheraTabaru Indonesia (Jailolo) Animism
Tabasaran Northeast CaucasianLezgicTabasaran Russia (Dagestan (Tabasaransky District)) IslamSunni Islam
Tagalogs AustronesianPhilippineTagalog Philippines ChristianityCatholicism
Tagish Na-DeneAthabaskanTagish Canada (Yukon)
Tahitians AustronesianPolynesianTahitian[note 21] France (Tahiti) Christianity
Tahltan Na-DeneAthabaskanTahltan Canada (Northern British Columbia)
Tahtacı Turkey (Aegean Region, Mediterranean Region) Islam and ShamanismShia Islam and ShamanismAlevism and Shamanism
Taidnapam Formerly Plateau PenutianSahaptian → Northwest Sahaptin → Upper Cowlitz; Chinookan, Wakashan, and Indo-EuropeanLower Chinook, Nootka Jargon, Germanic, and ItalicChinook Jargon United States (Yakama Indian Reservation) Upper Cowlitz, Lewis River Cowlitz
Taino ArawakanTaino Greater Antilles Native American religion
Tajiks Indo-EuropeanIranianPersianTajik, Francosign → Austro-Hungarian Sign → Russian Sign → Tajik Sign Afghanistan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan Kharduri; Pamiris sometines considered Tajik IslamSunni Islam
Talysh Indo-EuropeanIranianTalysh Azerbaijan, Iran IslamShia Islam
Tama Nilo-SaharanTama Chad, Sudan Islam
Tamangs Sino-TibetanTamang Nepal, India (Sikkim) Waiba, Lopchan, Thokar, Lama Hinduism, Buddhism
Tamils DravidianTamil–KannadaTamil, AustronesianMalayicMalayMalay Chetty India (Tamil Nadu), Sri Lanka (Northern and Eastern Provinces) Indian Tamils (including Indian Tamils of Sri Lanka[note 67]), Sri Lankan Tamils (including Negombo Tamils),[note 67] Chitty, Giraavaru, along with significant populations in Malaysia, South Africa, the United States, Singapore, Canada, the United Kingdom, and France (including Malbars) Hinduism, Islam, Christianity, Jainism
Tampuans AustroasiaticBahnaricTampuan Cambodia (Ratanakiri) Animism
Tanana Athabaskans Na-DeneAthabaskanUpper Tanana, Na-DeneAthabaskanLower Tanana, Na-DeneAthabaskanTanacross United States (Interior Alaska), Canada (Western Yukon) Lower Tanana, Middle Tanana, Tanacross, Upper Tanana
Tao Malayo-PolynesianPhilippineBatanic →Yami-Itbayat Taiwan (Orchid Island) Christianity, Anitism
Taos TanoanTiwaTaos United States (Taos Pueblo) Native American religion, Native American Church, Christianity
Tarok Niger–CongoPlateauTarok Nigeria (Plateau State) Christianity
Tausūg AustronesianPhilippineBisayanTausug Philippines (Sulu Archipelago) IslamSunni Islam
Tboli AustronesianPhilippineTboli Philippines (South Cotabato) Anitism
Tehuelche AraucanianMapudungun, Indo-EuropeanRomanceSpanish
Teke Niger–CongoBantuTeke Republic of the Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo
Telengits TurkicKipchakSouthern Altai → Telengit Russia (Altai Republic) ChristianityEastern Orthodoxy, Shamanism, Burkhanism
Telugu Dravidian → South-Central Dravidian → Telugu India (Andhra Pradesh, Telangana) Kamma, Reddy, Velama, Kapu, Raju, Madiga, Mala, Kaikalas Hinduism, Islam, Christianity
Temne Niger–CongoWest AtlanticMelTemne Sierra Leone (Northern Sierra Leone) Islam
Terena ArawakanTerena, Brazilian Sign language, Terena Sign language Brazil (Mato Grosso, Mato Grosso do Sul) Shamanism
Ternateans [id] West PapuanNorth HalmaheraTernate Indonesia (Ternate) Tubo, Tobona, Tabanga, Toboleu, Ibu, Jailolo, Ternate-Portuguese IslamSunni Islam, Animism
Thais Kra–DaiTaiThai Thailand Southern Thai, Khorat, Lanna, Tai Lue, Thai Americans BuddhismTheravada Buddhism
Tharus Indo-EuropeanIndo-AryanTharu Terai (Nepal, India) Kathariya, Danuwar, Lampucchwa, Kochila, Sonha, Dangaura, Rana Hinduism, Buddhism
Tibetans Sino-TibetanTibeto-KanauriTibetic,[note 1] Sino-TibetanTibeto-KanauriTshanglaPemako Tshangla, Tibetan Sign China (Tibet), Nepal, Bhutan Amdolese (including Golok and Tebbu), Khams, U-Tsang (including Ngari and Walung), Pemakopas, Changpa, Baima, Kachee BuddhismTibetan Buddhism, Bon
Ticuna Ticuna–YuriTicuna Brazil (Amazonas) Shamanism
Tidore West PapuanNorth HalmaheraTidore Indonesia (Tidore) Islam
Tigrayans Afro-AsiaticEthiopicTigrinya Eritrea (Eritrean Highlands), Ethiopia (Tigrayia) ChristianityOriental Orthodoxy
Tigre Afro-AsiaticEthiopicTigre Eritrea Islam
Tiv Niger–CongoTiv Nigeria (Benue State) Christianity
Tiwa Sino-TibetanSalTiwa[note 4] India (Assam, Meghalaya) Hinduism
Tiwi Tiwi Australia (Tiwi Islands) Alcheringa
Tlapanec Oto-MangueanTlapanec Mexico (Guerrero) ChristianityCatholicism
Tlingit Na-DeneTlingit Canada (British Columbia, Yukon Territory), United States (Alaska, Washington) Alaska Native religion
Tobelo West PapuanNorth HalmaheraTobelo Indonesia (North Halmahera) ChristianityProtestantism, Animism, IslamSunni Islam
Tofalars TurkicSiberian TurkicTofa Russia (Tofalariya) Christianity
Tokelauans AustronesianMalayo-PolynesianTokelauan Tokelau ChristianityCongregationalism
Tongans AustronesianPolynesianTongan Tonga Tongan Hawaiians Christianity
Tooro Niger–CongoBantuTooro Uganda (Tooro Kingdom) Abagweri, Abasingo, Abahinda, Ababiito, Abasumbi, Abayaga, Ababwiju, Abasiita, Abasambo, Ababoopi, Ababwooro, Abagaya, Abalebeki, Abango, Abagimu, Abarungu, Abanyakyoozi, Abasoigi[35] Christianity, Ruhanga
Toraja AustronesianSouth SulawesiToraja Indonesia (Tana Toraja) ChristianityProtestantism
Torres Strait Islanders Pama-NyunganKalaw Lagaw Ya, Eastern Trans-FlyMeriam, Indo-EuropeanGermanicEnglishTorres Strait Creole Australia (Torres Strait Islands)
Toubou Nilo-SaharanSaharanTebu[note 1] Toubouland (Chad, Niger, Sudan, Libya) Daza, Teda IslamSunni Islam
Toucouleur Atlantic–CongoSenegambianPulaar Senegal (Futa Tooro) Islam
Trawara Indo-EuropeanDardicMankiyali Pakistan (Danna, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa)
Tripuri Sino-TibetanSalKokborok India (Tripura) Jamatia, Murasing Hinduism
Trumai Trumai Brazil (Mato Grosso) Animism
Tsakhurs Northeast CaucasianLezgicTsakhur Russia (Rutulsky District), Azerbaijan (Zagatala and Qakh districts) IslamSunni Islam[36]
Tsez Northeast CaucasianTsezicTsez Russia (Tsuntinsky District) IslamSunni Islam
Tsimshian Tsimshianic → Maritime Tsimshianic[note 1] Canada (British Columbia), United States (Alaska) Kitasoo, Gitga'ata, Kitkatla, Kitsumkalum, Kitselas, Ginadoiks, Ginaxangiik, Gispaxlo'ots, Gitando, Gitlaan, Gits'iis, Gitwilgyoots, Gitzaxłaał, Giluts'aaw Alaskan Native religion
Tsonga Niger–CongoBantuTsonga Mozambique (Maputo City and Maputo Province, Gaza Province), South Africa (Limpopo, Mpumalanga) ChristianityCatholicism
Tswana Niger–CongoBantuTswana Botswana, South Africa (South Tswanaland) Balete, Mangwato, Bangwaketse, Bakwena, Batlokwa, Bahurutshe, Bakgatla, Rolong Christianity
Tuamotuans AustronesianMalayo-PolynesianPolynesianTuamotuan France (Tuamotus) Christianity
Tujia Sino-TibetanTujia[note 1][note 68] China (Wuling Mountains) Nuo folk religion
Tuluvas Tulu India (Karnataka) Hinduism
Tunica-Biloxi Indo-EuropeanGermanicEnglish, Indo-EuropeanRomanceFrench,[37] Tunica language, Formerly SiouanOhio Valley SiouanBiloxi United States (Tunica-Biloxi Indian Reservation) Biloxi, Tunica
Tupuri Niger–CongoAdamawaTupuri Cameroon (Far North Region), Chad (Mayo-Kebbi) Christianity
Turkana Nilo-SaharanNiloticTurkana Kenya (Turkanaland) ChristianityCatholicism
Turkmens TurkicOghuzTurkmen Turkmenistan, Iran (Turkmen Sahra), Afghanistan Teke, Yomut, Bayandur, Afshar, Ersari, Chowdur, Saryk, Iranian Turkmens, Afghan Turkmens, with significant populations in Pakistan, Russia, the United Kingdom IslamSunni Islam
Turks TurkicOghuzTurkish, Turkish Sign Turkey, Northern Cyprus Turkish Cypriots, Meskhetian Turks, Yoruks, Amuca, along with significant populations in Bulgaria, Greece, North Macedonia, Germany, France, the United Kingdom, the Netherlands, Austria, Belgium, Sweden, the United States, Syria, and Palestine IslamSunni Islam, Alevism
Tuscarora Iroquoian → Northern Iroquoian → Tuscarora Canada (Ontario), United States (New York, North Carolina)
Tutchones Na-DeneAthabaskanTutchone[note 1] Canada (Yukon Territory) Northern Tutchones, Southern Tutchones Native American religion
Tutejszy Indo-EuropeanSlavicPolish, Indo-EuropeanSlavicEast Slavic, Indo-EuropeanBalticEastern Baltic Poland, Ukraine, Belarus, Lithuania, Latvia ChristianityRoman Catholicism, ChristianityEastern Orthodoxy
Tutsi Niger–CongoBantuGreat LakesRwanda-Rundi[note 39] Rwanda, Burundi, Democratic Republic of the Congo (Kivu) Banyamulenge Christianity, Islam
Tuvaluans AustronesianMalayo-PolynesianPolynesianTuvaluan Tuvalu Christianity
Tuvans TurkicSiberian Turkic → Steppe Sayan Turkic → Tuvan; TurkicSiberian Turkic → Taiga Sayan Turkic → Tozhu Tuvan, Tere-Khöl Tuvan Russia (Tuva), Mongolia (Khovsgol Province) Tozhu Tuvans BuddhismTibetan Buddhism
Udis Northeast CaucasianLezgicUdi Azerbaijan, Russia, Georgia, Armenia, Kazakhstan, Ukraine ChristianityOriental Orthodoxy
Udmurts UralicPermicUdmurt Russia (Udmurtia) Besermyan ChristianityEastern Orthodoxy
Ukrainians Indo-EuropeanSlavicUkrainian, Indo-EuropeanSlavicSurzhyk, Francosign → Austro-Hungarian Sign → Ukrainian Sign Ukraine Cossacks, Litvins, Pinchuks along with significant populations in the United States, Brazil, Kazakhstan, Germany, Canada, Italy, Argentina, the Czech Republic, and Romania ChristianityEastern Orthodoxy, ChristianityCatholicismUkrainian Greek Catholicism
Ulchi Tungusic → Southern Tungusic → Ulch Russia (Ulchsky District)
Ulster Protestants Indo-EuropeanGermanicScotsUlster Scots, Indo-EuropeanGermanicEnglishUlster English, BANZSLBritish Sign Ulster (United Kingdom, Republic of Ireland) ChristianityProtestantism
Umatilla Plateau PenutianSahaptianUmatilla United States (Oregon) Native American religion
Upper Kuskokwim Na-DeneAthabaskanUpper Kuskokwim United States (Interior Alaska) ChristianityEastern OrthodoxyRussian Orthodoxy
Urak Lawoi AustronesianMalayicUrak Lawoi Thailand (Phuket) BuddhismTheravada Buddhism
Urhobos Niger–CongoEdoidUrhobo Nigeria (Delta State) Christianity
Ute Uto-AztecanNumicColorado River NumicUte United States (Colorado, Utah) Native American Church, Christianity
Uyghurs TurkicKarlukUyghur, TurkicKarlukTor Uyghur China (Uyghuristan) Kashgartsy and Tor Uyghurs, with significant populations in Kazakhstan IslamSunni Islam
Uzbeks TurkicKarlukUzbek[note 1] Uzbekistan Includes Ming, Yuzi and Kyrk tribes. Significant populations in Russia, Pakistan, Canada, the United States, and Turkey IslamSunni Islam
Valencians Indo-EuropeanRomanceCatalanValencian, LSCicValencian Sign Spain (Valencian Community, Carche) ChristianityCatholicism[38]
Vaqueiros de alzada Indo-EuropeanRomanceAsturleonese Spain (Asturias, Province of Leon) Christianity and traditional folk religionRoman Catholicism and traditional folk religionVaqueiro religion
Vedda Sinhala creoles → Vedda language Sri Lanka Coast Veddas, Anuradhapura Veddas, Bintenne Veddas Animism
Venda Niger–CongoBantuTshivenda South Africa (Vendaland) Christianity, Traditional African religions
Vepsians UralicFinnicVeps Russia (Former Veps National Volost; Vytegorsky, Babayevsky, Podporozhsky, Lodeynopolsky, Tikhvinsky, and Boksitogorsky districts)
Vietnamese AustroasiaticVieticVietnamese Vietnam Muong, Gin, Phen, Chứt, Thổ, Nung, Giay, along with significant populations in the United States, Cambodia, France, Australia, Canada, Taiwan, Japan, Korea, Germany, Hong Kong, and Laos BuddhismMahayana, Vietnamese folk religion, Caodaism, Hoa Hao
Vilamovians Indo-EuropeanGermanicWymysorys[note 69] Poland (Wilamowice)
Visayans AustronesianPhilippineVisayan[note 1] Philippines (Visayas) Aklanon, Butuanon, Cebuano (including Boholano and Eskaya), Caluyanon, Capiznon, Cuyunon, Hiligaynon, Karay-a, Masbatenos, Negrenses, Porohanon, Romblomanon (including Bantoanons), Waray ChristianityCatholicism
Volga Tatars TurkicKipchakTatar Russia (Tatarstan) Astrakhan Tatars, Kasimov Tatars, Kazan Tatars (main and largest subgroup), Kryashens, Nagaybaks, Nukrat Tatars, Perm Tatars, Teptyars IslamSunni Islam
Votians UralicFinnicVotic Russia (Ingria) ChristianityEastern Orthodoxy, ChristianityProtestantismLutheranism
Wa AustroasiaticPalaungicWa Myanmar (Wa State) Buddhism, Animism
Wakhi Indo-EuropeanIranianWakhi Afghanistan, Tajikistan, Pakistan, China IslamShia IslamIsma'ilismNizari Isma'ilism
Walla Walla Plateau PenutianSahaptin → Walla Walla United States (Oregon, Washington) Waashat Religion
Walloons Indo-EuropeanRomanceWalloon, Indo-EuropeanRomancePicard, Indo-EuropeanRomanceFrenchBelgian French, Francosign → Belgian Sign → French Belgian Sign Belgium (Wallonia) Significant populations in the United States (including Wisconsin) and the Netherlands ChristianityCatholicism
Warlpiris Pama–NyunganNgumpin–Yapa → <