List of controversial video games
Table of controversial games
|1973||Gotcha||Arcade||Atari||Controversial due to the controls being perceived as pink rubber bulges that were meant to represent breasts and were squeezed in order to control the action.|
|1976||Death Race||Arcade||Exidy||The object of the game is to run over stickmen "gremlins", who then scream and are replaced by tombstones, which was perceived as violence.|
|1982||Custer's Revenge||Atari 2600||Mystique||The game depicts a crudely rendered General Custer dodging arrows to reach a naked Native American woman tied to a cactus. Should he survive, he was allowed to have sex with her, and received points for doing so. This quickly led to controversy regarding whether he was raping her, or if she participated willingly.|
|1984–2009||Punch-Out!!||Arcades, NES, SNES, Wii||Nintendo, Next Level Games (2009 version)||Numerous instances of ethnic stereotyping, mainly of the opponent boxers that the player fights.|
|1985||International Karate||Amstrad CPC, Apple II, Atari 8-bit, Atari ST, Commodore 64, Commodore 16, MS-DOS, MSX, ZX Spectrum||System 3||Data East USA sued Epyx, the publisher of the game in the United States (under the name of World Karate Championship) due to similarities between International Karate and Data East's Karate Champ. Although the suit was dismissed, Data East was successful in obtaining an injunction to prevent further sales of World Karate Championship, which was subsequently appealed and reversed.|
|1986||177||NEC PC-8801||dB-soft||A bishoujo game revolving around rape, it ignited a public furor that reached the National Diet of Japan.|
|1986||Chiller||Arcade, NES||Exidy||Senseless, gory victimization of innocent people led arcade owners to widely reject it.|
|1987||Barbarian: The Ultimate Warrior||Acorn Electron, Amiga, Amstrad CPC, Apple II, Atari ST, BBC Micro, Commodore 64, MS-DOS, ZX Spectrum||Palace Software||The cover art of the game, which featured bikini-clad Maria Whittaker, a model who was then associated with The Sun tabloid's Page Three topless photo shoots, and Michael Van Wijk, who was only wearing a loincloth, provoked outrage in the United Kingdom. Electron User magazine received letters from readers and religious bodies, who called the image "offensive and particularly insulting to women" and an "ugly pornographic advertisement". Barbarian's violent content also sparked significant controversy and was banned in Germany by the Bundesprüfstelle für jugendgefährdende Medien because of it.|
|1987||Super Monaco GP||Arcade, Sega Genesis, Amiga, Amstrad CPC, Atari ST, Commodore 64, Game Gear, Master System, ZX Spectrum||Sega||Phillip Morris sued Sega (and some other video game companies, including Namco and Atari Games on behalf of their Final Lap game) because the arcade version of the game contains advertisements that resemble those for Marlboro cigarettes.|
|1987–present||Leisure Suit Larry series||PC, PS2, Xbox, PS3, Xbox 360, Mobile phones, Android, iOS, PS4, Nintendo Switch||Sierra Entertainment/Various||Controversial for its obscenities and mature humor. Leisure Suit Larry: Magna Cum Laude was released on PC both censored and uncensored in the United States. The game was banned in Australia.|
|1988–2010||Splatterhouse series||Arcade, Famicom, FM Towns, TurboGrafx-16, Sega Genesis, Xbox 360, PlayStation 3, Wii, iOS, Microsoft Windows, Windows Phone, Nintendo Switch||Namco (now Bandai Namco Entertainment)||Blood and gore, violence, and some questionable enemies. Critics described the most recent game as a "massive disappointment" and "violent, excessively gory brawler".|
|1991||J.B. Harold Murder Club||TurboGrafx-16||NEC||Sexual themes, including a reference to an unsolved rape.|
|1992||Wolfenstein 3D||DOS, SNES, 3DO, Atari Jaguar, Game Boy Advance, Xbox, Xbox 360, PlayStation 3, iOS, Android||id Software||Violence, gore, Nazi symbolism, and the inclusion of Adolf Hitler as the final boss.|
|1992–present||Mortal Kombat series||Arcade, PC, Consoles, Mobile devices, Stadia||Midway (later Warner Bros. Interactive)||Blood, violence and gore. First fighter to introduce "Fatalities" to finish off opponents. When released for home console formats it became the first "big budget" game to raise the issue of violence in the medium. Possible catalyst to the implementation of a rating system such as ESRB.|
|1992||Night Trap||Sega CD||Digital Pictures||Violence, child abuse and sexual themes.|
|1993||Fighter's History||Arcade, SNES||Data East||Capcom sued Data East in the United States and Japan on grounds of copyright infringements pertaining to Street Fighter II property. The U.S. case was ruled in favor of Data East (which argued Karate Champ was the true originator of the competitive fighting game genre), as the "copied" elements were excluded from copyright, similar to Apple's graphical user interface lawsuit against Microsoft.|
|1993||Doom||PC, Atari Jaguar, SNES, 32X, 3DO, Sega Saturn, PS1, GBA, Xbox 360, iOS, Android, Nintendo Switch, PS4, Xbox One||id Software||First-person violence, gore, and satanic themes. Was once blamed for the Columbine High School massacre.|
|1996–present||Pokémon series||Game Boy, Nintendo 64, Game Boy Color, Game Boy Advance, GameCube, Nintendo DS, Wii, WiiWare, Nintendo 3DS, Wii U, Nintendo Switch||Nintendo, Game Freak||Jynx, one of the series' titular creatures, came under heavy backlash following a 2000 article by Carole Boston Weatherford that accused its design of perpetrating blackface imagery. The resulting controversy forced a drastic redesign of Jynx, changing its skin from black to purple and shrinking its eyes and mouth. The series was also attacked by fundamentalist Christian groups, who argued that it promoted Satanic themes. In response, the Vatican broadcast its public approval of Pokémon in April 2001, claiming that the game was based on "intense ties of friendship" and lacked "any harmful moral side effects."|
|1996||SimCopter||PC||Maxis||A programmer named Jacques Servin introduced unauthorized "himbo" characters into the game, who would appear on certain dates and kiss.|
|1996||Duke Nukem 3D||PC, Sega Saturn, PS1, PS3, PS Vita, PS4, Nintendo 64, Xbox 360, Xbox One, Android, iOS||3D Realms||Violence, sexual themes, nudity.|
|1996||Tomb Raider||PC, Sega Saturn, PS1||Eidos||An unauthorized software patch nicknamed "Nude Raider" was created by fans which allowed players to play as a naked Lara Croft.|
|1996||Battlecruiser 3000AD||PC||3000 AD||The game's long, troubled development, including the claims of use of neural network for the game's AI in the game's marketing, was a subject of multiple, year-long flame wars across the Usenet, generating over 70,000 posts and a number of web sites documenting the flame wars.|
|1997||Shadow Warrior||PC, Mac, iOS||3D Realms||Controversial for "insensitive" and "inauthentic" depictions of East Asian society and culture, to which 3D Realms responded, saying that they did not intend to make a racist game but had deliberately used a melange of Asian culture in order to create a "fun game" which "didn't take itself too seriously" and parodied "bad kung fu movies". Despite their response, such criticism had continued.|
|1997||Carmageddon||PC, Mac, N64, iOS, PS1||SCi, Interplay Entertainment||Violence against pedestrians. and animals.|
|1997||Postal||PC||Running with Scissors||Violence and anti-law, most of which is committed against both civilians and government authorities.|
|1997–present||Grand Theft Auto series||Android, Amazon Fire TV, Dreamcast, Fire OS, Game Boy Color, Game Boy Advance, iOS, Nintendo DS, PC, PS1, PS2, PS3, PS4, PS5 PSP, Shield Portable, Shield Tablet, Shield Android TV, Windows Phone, Xbox, Xbox 360, Xbox One, Xbox Series X||Rockstar Games (firmerly DMA Design, now Rockstar North) (Take-Two Interactive)||Grand Theft Auto: San Andreas was originally rated "Mature" in the U.S., but was reviewed and re-rated "Adults Only" after controversy surrounding a fanmade Hot Coffee mod which unlocked a hidden sex scene (which was in the game's code, but left out of the final version). It was again re-rated "Mature" after Rockstar Games removed this scene from the game's code. In Grand Theft Auto IV: The Lost and Damned, one mission features full frontal male nudity, while in Grand Theft Auto V, one mission sees the character Trevor Philips torturing another character in several different ways, including waterboarding, pulling out teeth and administering electrical shocks to the nipples. Grand Theft Auto: Chinatown Wars featured a drug-dealing mini-game.Sexual themes, drug use, racism, nudity, language, drunk driving, violence (against both civilians and law enforcement personnel).|
|1997||Formula 1 97||PC, PS1||Psygnosis||The game was withdrawn from shops six weeks after its release due to legal wranglings with the FIA (Formula One's governing body), which objected to the use of the FIA logo on the game's packaging. It was re-released without the logo, but the FIA were left unsatisfied. The FIA lost a court case however, and the game continued to be sold without the logo.|
|1998||Thrill Kill||PS1||Virgin Interactive||After Electronic Arts acquired the assets of Virgin Interactive in mid-1998, it quickly cancelled the release of Thrill Kill (which was due to be released in time for the holiday season) due to objections over the game's high level of violent content.|
|1999||Kingpin: Life of Crime||PC||Interplay Entertainment||Excessive violence.|
|2000||Dance Dance Revolution Solo||Arcade||Konami||In 2002, a local arcade in San Diego, California removed a Solo 2000 machine after members of the local "Youth Advocacy Coalition" complained that the background movies of selected songs contained images that could promote drug and alcohol abuse, such as a scantily clad nurse, pills in "I'm Alive" and alcoholic drinks appearing in "Club Tropicana". The machine was replaced by a mix which did not contain the imagery.|
|2000||Daikatana||PC||Ion Storm||A highly controversial advertisement regarding John Romero's involvement with the game, which caused an equally highly publicized outrage.|
|2000||Soldier of Fortune||PC, Dreamcast, PS2||Raven Software||In 2000, after receiving a complaint from a member of the public about the explicit content of the game, the British Columbia Film Classification Office investigated and decided the violence, gore and acts of torture were not suitable for persons under 18 years of age. In a controversial decision, the game was labeled an "adult motion picture" and was rated as a pornographic film. In Germany, the game was placed on the Index List of the Federal Department for Media Harmful to Young Persons.|
|2000||Perfect Dark||N64, Xbox 360, Xbox One (Rare Replay)||Rare, Nintendo, Microsoft Studios (now Xbox Game Studios)||As the first M-rated game published by Nintendo, the release of Perfect Dark was met with controversy since Nintendo - at least at the time - was famous for family-friendly video game franchises like Pokémon and Mario.|
|2001||Conker's Bad Fur Day||N64, Xbox One (Rare Replay)||Rare, Nintendo, Microsoft Studios (now Xbox Game Studios)||Controversial for its "over-the-top" and "lewd" humor.|
|2001||Tear Ring Saga||PS1||Tirnanog||The game, whose development was spearheaded by Shouzou Kaga, the creator of the Fire Emblem series, was subject to legal actions both during and after development by Nintendo, which owned the Fire Emblem intellectual property (partly due to the game being released for a competitor console). However, Nintendo was ultimately unable to stop the development or the sales of the game. Initially titled Emblem Saga during development, the game's name and other features were later changed to remove all direct references to Fire Emblem.|
|2002||Shadow Man: 2econd Coming||PlayStation 2||Acclaim||An attempt to promote this video game involved placing advertisements on deceased people's gravestones.|
|2002||Ethnic Cleansing||PC||Resistance Records||Racially motivated violence, white supremacist themes.|
|2002||Kaboom!||Browser||fabolous999||Players control a suicide bomber, the aim of the game being to kill as many people as possible.|
|2002||State of Emergency||PC, PS2, Xbox||Rockstar Games (Take-Two Interactive), VIS Entertainment||Contains Columbine-style violence, including political assassinations and coup d'états. Additionally, the game caused controversy in Washington due to the game's similarities to the World Trade Organization riots in Seattle.|
|2003||Postal 2||PC||Running with Scissors||Violence against both pedestrians and law enforcement personnel, racism, sexual themes, drug use, language, and animal cruelty. Banned in New Zealand, Sweden and Australia.|
|2003||Manhunt||PS2, PC, Xbox||Rockstar Games (Rockstar North) (Take-Two Interactive)||Excessive violence and gore. Manhunt gained significant controversy after it was alleged that the game inspired a teenager to commit a murder. Banned in Australia.|
|2003||Dead or Alive Xtreme Beach Volleyball||Xbox||Tecmo||Many critics have commented that the game's use of female bodies is often ridiculous at best, and some have found it offensive.|
|2003||Whiplash||PlayStation 2, Xbox||Crystal Dynamics||The game generated some controversy over the animal cruelty, mainly by the RSPCA.|
|2003||Laden VS USA||Panyu Gaming Electronic Co.||The game was based on the September 11 attacks and the packaging used a 9/11 photograph.|
|2004||The Sims 2||PC||EA Games||A player-made mod allowed for the blur effect that appears when a character is nude to be removed. However, the nude Sims are featureless.|
|2004||JFK: Reloaded||PC||Traffic Software||The player is given the role of Lee Harvey Oswald as he assassinates U.S. President John F. Kennedy. Criticized for its controversial content matter in recreating the assassination and was condemned by a spokesman for Senator Ted Kennedy as "despicable".|
|2004||The Guy Game||PC, PlayStation 2||Topheavy Studios/Gathering of Developers||An adult trivia game that treated winners to full motion videos of young women in bikinis. One of the women that was part of the footage was unaware that she would be appearing in the game, nor was said woman in an age of consent when the video was filmed. In the subsequent lawsuit against Topheavy, Gathering of Developers, Microsoft, and Sony, an injunction banned further sales of the game. Topheavy however, released an edited version (removing footage of the woman in question) that added new footage and was later published as an interactive DVD title.|
|2005||Super Columbine Massacre RPG!||PC||Danny Ledonne||The game simulates the events of the Columbine High School massacre, having the player take on the roles of Eric Harris and Dylan Klebold and reenacting the massacre.|
|2005||Gun||PC, PS2, Xbox, GameCube, Xbox 360||Activision||The game's offensive depictions of American Indians prompted the Association for American Indian Development to call a boycott against the game.|
|2004||The Punisher||PC, PS2, Xbox||Volition||Interrogation, torture, intense gun fights, drugs, and indiscriminate killing. Originally merited an "Adults Only" rating before being edited on appeal.|
|2006||Bully||PS3, Xbox 360, PS2, Wii, iOS, Android, Shield Android TV, Shield Tablet, Shield Portable||Rockstar Games (Rockstar Vancouver) (Take-Two Interactive)||Based upon its title, it was perceived that Bully glorified bullying. That the main character Jimmy could also kiss another boy was a matter of controversy. Classification boards generally restricted Bully to a teenage audience: the US-based Entertainment Software Rating Board (ESRB) classified the game with a T rating, the British Board of Film Classification gave it a 15 rating, the Australian Classification Board rated it M, and the New Zealand OFLC restricted it to persons 13 years of age and over. In 2007, Yahoo! Games listed it as one of the top ten controversial games of all time.|
|2006||The Elder Scrolls IV: Oblivion||Xbox 360, PC, PS3||Bethesda Softworks||Re-rated to "Mature" by the ESRB after a third-party mod revealed a nude topless corpse hidden in the game's data files. While the corpse did not warrant a re-rating of the game in and of itself, upon review, the ESRB noted that the game contained much more explicit violence than had been submitted to them in the original rating submission.|
|2006||Hitman: Blood Money||PC, PS2, Xbox, Xbox 360, PS3||IO Interactive||Excessive violence and assassinations; magazine ads for the game featured pictures depicting murder victims.|
|2006||Mind Quiz||Nintendo DS, PSP||Ubisoft||Recalled in the United Kingdom due to use of the word "spastic", which is considered highly offensive in said country.|
|2006||Left Behind: Eternal Forces||PC||Left Behind Games||Accusations that the game promoted religious "convert or kill" violence, sexism and racism. Some reviewers denied that the game contained any truly controversial gameplay, but instead took issue with the game's clumsy controls, in-game advertising and lackluster AI. Ars Technica called it "a relatively harmless and well-done piece of propaganda".|
|2006||Resistance: Fall of Man||PS3||Insomniac Games||Church of England objected to the game's use of Manchester Cathedral's interior as a backdrop during a gun battle, and called for the game to be withdrawn or for the cathedral to be removed from the game.The|
|2006||RapeLay||PC||Illusion Soft||Rape is a core part of the gameplay, as the player takes on the role of a chikan who stalks - and subsequently rapes - a mother and her two daughters, the latter two of whom are underage. Three years after its initial release, significant controversy was raised in the UK Parliament and elsewhere, and Equality Now eventually pressured its distributor to withdraw distribution of it in Japan.|
|2006||Rule of Rose||PS2||Punchline||The Mayor of Rome called for the game to be banned from Italy, saying children "have the right to be shielded from violence". The then European Union justice and security commissioner wrote an open letter condemning the game for "obscene cruelty and brutality". An Italian magazine, Panorama, claimed that in order to win the game players must bury a girl alive, which the game's European publisher disputed. On the UK release day, the publisher announced that Rule of Rose would not be published in the UK, despite the game being approved for release by the Pan European Game Information (PEGI) and Video Standards Council regulatory bodies.|
|2007||BioShock||Xbox 360, PC , PS3, iOS||2K Games||An article in The Patriot Ledger, the local paper of developer Irrational Games, argued that the game is "testing the limits of the ultra-violent gaming genre with a strategy that enables players to kill characters resembling young girls." The game presents an ethical choice to players, whether to kill 'Little Sisters' for extra abilities or save them and receive less. President of 2K Boston Ken Levine defended the game as a piece of art, stating "we want to deal with challenging moral issues and if you want to do that, you have to go to some dark places". Jack Thompson took issue with advertisements for the game appearing during WWE SmackDown's airtime, writing to the Federal Trade Commission and stating that M-rated games should not be advertised when large numbers of under-17s are watching.|
|2007||Manhunt 2||PS2, PSP, PC, Wii||Rockstar Games||Manhunt 2 has been labeled as possibly the most violent video game ever made and is infamous for being one of only four video games to have received an "Adults Only" rating due to violence, with the other three being The Punisher, Hatred, and Agony. Further controversy surrounds the Wii version due to the fact that it actually simulates the violence through motion control, causing it to be dubbed a "murder simulator".|
|2007||Mass Effect||PS3, Xbox 360, PC||BioWare||Falsely accused by evangelical blogger Kevin McCullough of containing "rape and sodomy", which later led to the removal of McCullough's blog entry on Townhall.com. The game was featured on the Fox News Channel following the controversy, with host Martha MacCallum, which included the headline "full graphic sex". In actuality, the game's most explicit content is an indirect "sideboob" shot of a humanoid alien breast.|
|2007||Mario Party 8||Wii||Nintendo||Use of the phrase "Turn the train spastic! Make this ticket tragic!" by the character Kamek caused controversy in the United Kingdom, where the word spastic is considered offensive (which is the same issue that Mind Quiz raised). This led to a recall of the game; it was later re-released with the word changed to erratic.|
|2008||Spore||PC||Maxis||Spore's use and implementation of SecuROM digital rights management, including the game's activation policies, was subject to widespread criticism and lawsuits; the game was listed as the most pirated game of 2008.|
|2008||Muslim Massacre||PC||Eric 'Sigvatr' Vaughn||The game's contents and subject have been the subject of strong negative response; a spokesperson for the Muslim Council of Britain said "The makers of this 'game' and the ISPs (Internet service providers) who are hosting it should be quite ashamed of themselves. Anti-Muslim prejudice is already on the increase and needs to be challenged and not reinforced through tasteless and offensive stunts like this."|
|2008||Invaders!||Douglas Edric Stanley||An art game exhibited at the 2008 Games Convention in Leipzig. It represents the September 11 attacks in the style of Space Invaders. Players move their bodies to move the cannon and use arm movements to fire. Like the original Space Invaders, death (game over) is inevitable. Many people considered it tasteless and inappropriate, and Taito threatened legal action for unauthorized use of Space Invaders content. The creator later pulled the game.|
|2008||Silent Hill: Homecoming||PS3, PC, Xbox 360||Double Helix Games||The game was banned and a rating refused in Australia and Germany for extreme violence and disturbing images which included graphic sexuality, nudity, copious blood sprays, decapitations, partially dismembered corpses, and numerous scenes of attacks, fights, torture and death. The Australian version was subsequently released with the MA15+ rating and censored graphics, while the Japanese release was cancelled altogether.|
|2008||LittleBigPlanet||PS3||Media Molecule||Lyrics from a licensed song, "Tapha Niang", were removed due to fears that Muslims would be offended, on the basis that it allegedly contained words from the Quran. This led to controversy about the removal itself.|
|2008||Too Human||Xbox 360||Silicon Knights||The game was revealed to being developed using a stolen version of Unreal Engine 3, following a successful counter-suit by Epic Games (makers of the Unreal Engine), Silicon Knights having initially sued Epic Games for "breach of contract". In November 2012, the counter-suit was ruled in favor of Epic Games, forcing Silicon Knights to recall and destroy all copies of the game and another Unreal Engine-developed game, X-Men: Destiny, as well as cancelling other titles that had been planned to use the engine.|
|2008||Limbo of the Lost||PC||Majestic Studios||The game's use of plagiarized assets from other games and movies prompted publishers, Tri Synergy, to stop publishing the game.|
|2009||Resident Evil 5||PS3, Xbox 360, PC, PS4, Xbox One, Shield Android TV, Shield Portable, Shield Tablet, Nintendo Switch||Capcom||The game came under controversy for a pre-release trailer that contains scenes of racism, according to Newsweek journalist N'Gai Croal in an April 2008 interview. He also stated that organizations and retailers would object to the game and that it would cause controversy on release.|
|2009||Saw||PS3, Xbox 360, PC||Konami||Several news publishings stated that the game's only purpose was to torture and kill people in violent ways with no sense of restraint or morality whatsoever. Some editorials called it "depraved and inhumane" and stated that "Konami should be ashamed". It was also listed in the "Top ten most controversial games of 2009".|
|2009||Left 4 Dead 2||Xbox 360, PC (Steam)||Valve||The cover art in the UK had to be altered due to a potentially offensive hand gesture being depicted. The game was initially banned in Australia for its excessive violence and gore, but the uncensored version was later rated R18+ in 2014. The game's New Orleans setting so soon after Hurricane Katrina was considered "a bad call".|
|2009||Fat Princess||PlayStation 3
|Titan Studios||Critics argued that the game concept and title were hostile to women.|
|2009||Call of Duty: Modern Warfare 2||PS3, Xbox 360, PC,||Infinity Ward||Central Intelligence Agency operative, joining a group of Russian nationalist terrorists who perpetrate an airport massacre. The player is given the option to skip it at any point, and a message before the campaign also notifies players of the disturbing material. The game was discussed briefly in the House of Commons of the United Kingdom after the issue was brought to the attention of MP Keith Vaz, a longtime opponent of violence in video games, with fellow Labour Party politician Tom Watson arguing that the level was "no worse than scenes in many films and books" and criticising Vaz for "collaborating with the Daily Mail to create moral panic over the use of video games". The mission was made optional before release and removed from the game entirely.
A optional mission in the game entitled "No Russian" has the player assume control of an undercover |
Activision later removed the Favela multiplayer map from Modern Warfare 2 following complaints from Muslim gamers, which shows picture frames on the second floor bathroom of one building within Favela. When viewed through a scoped weapon, the frames contain a quote from Muhammad that translates to "Allah is beautiful and He loves beauty", according to Islam Today. One of the paintings is located directly above a toilet.
|2010||Medal of Honor||PS3, Xbox 360, PC||Danger Close Games, EA Digital Illusions CE||The multiplayer mode created controversy when it was revealed that players could play as the Taliban. The developers responded by stating the reality of the game necessitated it, but due to pressure from various military officials and veterans organizations, the word "Taliban" was subsequently removed from the multiplayer part of the game in which players would directly play as the Taliban, instead replaced with the term "Opposing Force." However, even in light of this change, the game is still not to be sold on military bases. The AAFES Commander Maj. Gen. Bruce Casella said, "Out of respect to those touched by the ongoing, real-life events presented as a game, Exchanges will not be carrying this product." He continued, "I expect the military families who are authorized to shop the Exchange are aware, and understanding, of the decision not to carry this particular offering."|
|2010 (cancelled)||Six Days in Fallujah||PS3, Xbox 360, PC||Atomic Games||Shortly after the announcement of the game, Six Days was met with criticism by war veterans from the United Kingdom, as well as from a British pressure group, Stop the War Coalition.|
|2011||Bulletstorm||PS3, Xbox 360, PC||Electronic Arts||Fox News Channel called out the title as the "Worst Video Game in the World" due to the extreme amount of violence; claims made in the original article were dispelled by video game journalists including Rock Paper Shotgun, but Fox News continues to assert the game as too violent.|
|2011||Portal 2||PS3, Xbox 360, PC||Valve||CBS News has deemed the game offensive to adopted children because Wheatley insults the protagonist by saying "Fatty fatty no parents". The daughter of the parents who reported this is in fact, adopted.|
|2011||Call of Juarez: The Cartel||PS3, Xbox 360, PC||Ubisoft||Residents of Ciudad Juárez and Mexico protested the announcement of the game, believing it to highlight the Juárez Cartel, who are believed to be responsible for over 3,000 homicides in the city in 2010.|
|2011||Dead Island||PS3, Xbox 360, PC||Deep Silver||After a development build of the game was released on Steam by mistake, it was revealed that the skill 'Gender Wars' (which the character Purna uses) was called 'FeministWhorePurna' within the game's code. Developer Deep Silver apologised and released a patch for the game to replace the offensive name.|
|2011 (start of development)||Star Citizen||PC||Cloud Imperium Games||A crowdfunded game, Star Citizen has attracted criticism for the constant, frequent delays of the game's release deadlines, while continuing to raise additional funds, with the developers facing legal actions from Derek Smart and CryTek as well as taking similar legal actions against critics of the development and funding practices associated with the game.|
|2011–2016||Gal Gun series||Xbox 360, PS3, PS4, PS Vita, Nintendo Switch, PC||Inti-Creates||The Gal Gun series has been criticized by western critics due to allowing players to sexually exploit underage women. Inti-Creates was forced by Microsoft to censor the Xbox 360 version due to players being able to look up the girls' skirts, while the PlayStation 3 version remained completely uncensored. The sequel, Gal Gun: Double Peace, which was released internationally, was banned in New Zealand for the same reason.|
|2012||Counter-Strike: Global Offensive||PS3, Xbox 360, PC (Steam)||Valve||In 2016, the game came under fire on the grounds of several players using third-party betting through the use of skin gambling, wherein players sell in-game cosmetics for real currency. This led to concerns of potential underage players participating in "skin gambling", which may lead to future gambling addictions, as well as the potential of match fixing within the game's competitive scene (see iBUYPOWER and NetcodeGuides.com match fixing scandal). Valve has since ordered a cease and desist against many Counter-Strike gambling websites.|
|2012||Medal of Honor: Warfighter||PS3, Xbox 360, PC||Danger Close Games||Several members of the Naval Special Warfare Development Group (DEVGRU) who worked as consultants for the game were disciplined for releasing classified information to the game's creators.|
|2012||Street Fighter X Tekken||PS3, Xbox 360, PC, iOS, PlayStation Vita||Capcom, Dimps||It was revealed that the game's downloadable characters were already on the disc in a ready-to-unlock form, leading to heavy criticism.|
|2012||Persona 4 Arena||PS3, Xbox 360||Atlus, Arc System Works||The PlayStation 3 version of the game includes a regional lockout, allowing the game to be played only if the game's region matches the console region, despite the fact that PlayStation 3 games are normally region-free, leading to a massive fan outrage. The game's sequel, Persona 4 Arena Ultimax however, was region-free.|
|2012||Mass Effect 3||PS3, Xbox 360, PC, Wii U||BioWare||While critically acclaimed overall, the ending of Mass Effect 3 was highly criticized as, among other issues, rendered all the decisions players had made in the trilogy, carried over through save files, moot, in contrast to marketing material BioWare had put forth for the game. Due to a large reaction from the player base, BioWare released free downloadable content that provided a more cinematic ending sequence that addressed some of these concerns.|
|2013||Payday 2||PS4, Xbox One, PC, Nintendo Switch||Overkill Software||Payday 2, while having featured a large array of downloadable content, had been claimed by its developers would never include microtransactions. However, a major game update released in October 2015 included rewards that required the player to use real-world money to purchase keys to unlock, and with rewards that may not be usable if the player did not buy certain pieces of downloadable content. Fans of the game reacted negatively to the change. In May 2016, Overkill was able to acquire full rights to the Payday series, and among other announcements relating to the series, announced they would remove the microtransactions from Payday 2.|
|2013||Tomb Raider||PS3, Xbox 360, PC||Crystal Dynamics||During an interview with Kotaku, executive producer Ron Rosenberg stated that one scene in the game depicts Lara Croft about to be sexually assaulted by a scavenger. She is forced to fight back and kill him in self-defense. Prior to the game's release, this quickly led to controversy concerning the possible "attempted rape" sequence. Studio manager Darrell Gallagher later denied this, stating that one of "the character defining moments for Lara in the game, which has incorrectly been referred to as an 'attempted rape' scene is the content we showed" where "Lara is forced to kill another human for the first time. In this particular selection, while there is a threatening undertone in the sequence and surrounding drama, it never goes any further than the scenes that we have already shown publicly. Sexual assault of any kind is categorically not a theme that we cover in this game."|
|2013||Saints Row IV||Xbox 360, PlayStation 3, PC||Volition||Despite changes in the Australian Classification Board to adopt rules to use the R18+ rating for video games in January 2013, Saints Row IV was the first video game under these new rules to be denied classification, due to the presence of drug use and an in-game alien anal probe weapon. Volition eliminated these elements from the game to obtain a MA15+ rating by removing the mission these elements were used in, thus rendering the game's co-operative mode incompatible with versions from other countries.|
|2013||The Stanley Parable||PC||Galactic Cafe||An in-game instructional video called "Choice" contained an image of a white man lighting a black child on fire.|
|2014||South Park: The Stick of Truth||Xbox 360, PlayStation 3, PC||Obsidian Entertainment,
South Park Digital Studios
|The game was censored (by Ubisoft's decision) in Europe and Australia due to its depiction of an anal probing by aliens and the player-character performing an abortion. In their place, the game displays either a still image of a statue holding its face in its hand, or a crying koala, with an explicit description of events depicted in the scene. The German version was specifically censored because of the use of Nazi- and Hitler-related imagery, including swastikas and Nazi salutes, which in that country are outlawed outside of the context of "art or science, research or teaching". The PC version remains completely uncut in Europe.|
|2015||Hotline Miami 2: Wrong Number||PC||Dennaton Games||The sequel, like the first Hotline Miami, incorporates a large amount of violence as the player sets to kill off agents of the local mafia, but a preview build for the sequel includes a scene that is set up wherein the player's character then appears to rape a female antagonist, though this is later presented in the context of being part of a staged movie scene. Journalists felt that even though the game made it clear of the scene's setup, the inclusion of this scene went too far in taste levels. Despite some changes and assurances made by the developer, the scene in the game caused the Australian Classification Board to refuse to classify the game, effectively preventing legal sale of the title in that country.|
|2015||Hatred||PC||Destructive Creations||A game about a suicidal mass murderer, in which the primary mechanic is about shooting innocent civilians in the murderer's fit of rage. The CEO behind Hatred has been accused of having neo-Nazi, anti-Islamic affiliations due to liking some pages on Facebook related to such beliefs. The title has been highly controversial, and when the developers attempted to place it on the Steam Greenlight service, it was pulled by Valve due to the game's content; however, it has been brought back onto Greenlight by Gabe Newell, and later apologized for the removal. The game was rated "Adults Only" (AO) by the ESRB, which prevents retail sales and its release on consoles and would likely prevent its sale on digital storefronts for personal computers.|
|2015||Playing History 2 - Slave Trade||PC||Serious Games||The game was created by Serious Games as an edutainment title to teach the user about slave trading. One game mode in the title was called "Slave Tetris", with the goal to try to fit as many African slaves on a boat, using gameplay similar to Tetris; the developer had intended to show how inhumane the slave traders were and how such trade boats were packed to capacity, stating "it really gets people to think about just how absurd and cruel it is". When the mode was discovered by a wider audience due to discounted sales of the game and Let's Play broadcasts of it, many critics expressed distaste for the mode, considering it to be highly insensitive. The developer pulled the mode from the game following this outrage.|
|2015||Survival Island 3||iOS and Android||NIL Entertainment||A first-person action game in which the fair-skinned player-character has to fight and kill Indigenous Australians while destroying Australian fauna. After a Change.org petition, the game was pulled from the App Store and Google Play.|
|2015||Pakistan Army Retribution||Android||A first-person shooter game, based upon the 2014 Peshawar school massacre. Developed as part of the Peaceful Pakistan peace campaign, the game allowed the player to control a soldier during the attack and kill Taliban terrorists. After a negative review on the website of newspaper DAWN, calling the game to be of "poor taste", other people also expressed criticism. The game was subsequently pulled from the Google Play Store in January 2016.|
|2016||Overwatch||Microsoft Windows, PlayStation 4, Xbox One||Blizzard Entertainment||A team-based multiplayer shooter which includes a number of unique characters, and matches concluded with the winning character doing one of several possible victory poses that can be selected by the player. Some players found that the victory pose for one character (a young woman named Tracer who is also shown on the game's cover art) was overtly sexual and reduced the character to a "bland female sex symbol". Blizzard removed the offending pose, replacing it with a pin-up model-inspired pose.|
|2016||Street Fighter V||PlayStation 4, Microsoft Windows||Capcom, Dimps||An update for the PC version of the game released in September 2016 included a device driver named Capcom.sys, as a part of the game's anti-cheat measures, which was seen by players and security analysts as a rootkit. Capcom has since provided a rollback. In 2017, an update which added M. Bison's classic Street Fighter II stage was taken down after fans noticed Islamic chants in what was actually a Buddhist temple.|
|2016||Baldur's Gate: Siege of Dragonspear||Microsoft Windows||Beamdog||Siege of Dragonspear is an expansion atop Beamdog's Baldur's Gate: Enhanced Edition, itself a remastering of the original 1998 game, providing a narrative to explain events between Baldur's Gate and its sequel. Though the game was criticized by players on its release due to a number of software bugs, a controversy arose at what was perceived as a forced political agenda by the developers, in particular the inclusion of a transgender character.|
|2016||Pokémon Go||iOS, Android||Niantic, Inc., Nintendo||Pokémon Go gained significant controversy after the game allegedly inspired criminals to commit robberies using the augmented reality feature. CNN reported that the geolocation feature was used for robbers to find and capture victims.|
|2016||Persona 5||PlayStation 3, PlayStation 4||Atlus||Within the game's dialog include scenes between main character Ryuji, a high school student, and two other effeminate men. Many fans of the series and critics commented poorly on these scenes as they showed the two men using stereotypical presentation of overly sexualized gay men, and appeared to be inappropriate attempts at creating sexual relationship between them and Ryuji as a minor. Due to these complaints, Atlus announced for release of the expanded content in Persona 5 Royal, released in Japan in 2019 and in Western regions in 2020, that they would alter these scenes with updated lines "for the current generation".|
|2017||Fight of Gods||Microsoft Windows||PQube||Fight of Gods was designed as a satirical fighting game between various religious and mythical god or godlike figures. In September 2017, after Jesus was added as a playable character, the government of Malaysia considered the game "blasphemous", demanded Valve remove the game from Steam, and had its ISPs temporarily block the country's access to Steam. Valve eventually blocked sales of the game in Malaysia, allowing the service to be restored in the country.|
|2017||Star Wars Battlefront II||Microsoft Windows, PlayStation 4, Xbox One||Electronic Arts||In November 2017, the game received unfavorable critical attention when its loot box monetization scheme during its open beta period was revealed, which many felt was a "pay-to-win" scheme since some loot box rewards directly influenced multiplayer gameplay. Electronic Arts revisited the loot box approach prior to launch to address those concerns. Just before the game's full launch, it was revealed that many of the playable heroes in the game would be locked until the player had earned enough in-game credits over time, or spent money on microtransactions to unlock them faster, further raising player criticism. Electronic Arts attempted to justify the change on the game's subforum at Reddit but it was met with outrage, making that comment the most down-voted Reddit post of all time. Hours before the game's release, EA temporarily disabled all microtransactions for the game to review concerns by players and rework these in-currency systems after launch.|
|2018||Standoff||Microsoft Windows||Revived Games||Originally titled Active Shooter, the game was developed by Revived Games and was published by Acid Games in June 2018 on Steam. The game presented a first-person shooter based on a fictional school shooting scenario, with the game's description stating that the player can choose to be the SWAT team member to take down the suspects, or the students firing on the school. The game, which appeared on Steam shortly following the Stoneman Douglas High School shooting in February 2018, came under criticism from students, parents, and politicians, directing concern towards the developers, publisher, and Valve for trying to profit off an emotional distressing situation. Before the game could be released, Valve pulled the game and the developer from Steam, citing prior issues with "asset reuse" games by the developer and manipulation of Steam reviews.|
|2018||Agony||PC, PS4, Xbox One, Nintendo Switch||Madmind Studio||A dark fantasy survival horror video game that puts players into the perspective of a tormented soul within the depths of Hell devoid of any memories whatsoever about its past. The special ability to control people on their path, and possess weak-minded demons, gives players the necessary measures to survive in the extreme conditions they are in. Agony is infamous for being one of only four games to have received the "Adults Only" rating from ESRB due to violence and other extreme graphic content (including gay and lesbian sex scenes and genital physics), following The Punisher, Manhunt 2, and Hatred. The game was re-rated "Mature" after the developers agreed to tone down the violence, which also led to PEGI rating the game 18. A planned "Adults Only" unrated patch for PC was later dropped due to "legal issues". However, on June 6, 2018, the developers said they were "talking with Steam representatives" about offering Agony Unrated as "a separate title produced and published by Madmind Studio and without the involvement of any publishers." For those who already own the original game, this version will be either free DLC or a separate purchase at 99% off, which currently is the highest possible discount on Steam's platform. After announcing the financial problems of the company and canceling the Unrated version of the game, the basic game docked on August 1, 2018, with a considerable amount of updates on the platforms on which it debuted.|
|2018||Bolsomito 2K18||PC||BS Studios||Bolsomito 2K18, a brawler game where the player fights "the evils of communism" and "the growing corruption and inversion of values that plagues [sic] his society", according to its description, while in-game, this is represented as attacking women, minorities, and LGBTQ persons. The game was released on Steam two days prior to the October 2018 Brazilian general election, where one of the candidates in the election was Jair Bolsonaro, thus inspiring the game's name. Bolsonaro was considered a far-right candidate in the election and led after the first round of voting. The Brazilian Public Ministry of the Federal District and Territories has opened an investigation on both Valve and BS Studios, stating that the game and its close release to the elections "clearly intends to harm [the] Presidency of the Republic and thereby embarrass the 2018 elections" and "cause collective moral damages to the movements social, gays and feminists".|
|2018||Diablo Immortal||iOS/Android||Blizzard Entertainment||Diablo Immortal, a mobile game port was announced at the 2018 BlizzCon event, with Blizzard having teased something Diablo related in the weeks prior. Upon the announcement, fans at the event booed the presentation, and other fans took to social media to express discontentment with the announcement. Complaints from gamers ranged from concern that Diablo Immortal was a re-skin of a previous game developed by NetEase (who are also developing Immortal), to issues related to Blizzard longtime fans of the series by not releasing Diablo 4 on computer or home console. The situation was further stressed when Kotaku had claimed that inside sources told them that Blizzard had pulled a Diablo 4 announcement at the last minute, which Blizzard refuted the next day.|
|2018||Assassin's Creed Odyssey||PC, PS4, Xbox One, Nintendo Switch, Stadia||Ubisoft||The main storyline in Assassin's Creed Odyssey features the ability to select one of two playable characters, the male Alexios or the female Kassandra, and gave players the ability to interact with non-player characters in various romance options, including gay relationships; this feature was stressed by Ubisoft in its promotional material for the game, given that they did not want to force the player into any specific relationship. In the finale of the game's downloadable content, "Legacy of the First Blade", the chosen character is shown to have settled down with a spouse of the opposite gender in a romantic relationship and raised a child, which ran against those who had chosen to role-play their character in gay relationships from the main game. Ubisoft apologized, stating that they wanted to show how the character's bloodline continued into future generations of Assassins, but agreed to change the story of the content. Ubisoft released an update for this content in February 2019 that alters the end scenes to show that those who opted to play their character as gay will enter into a non-romantic relationship with a spouse for purposes of continuing the bloodline, retaining the romantic choices the player otherwise made before, as well as changing the achievement name for reaching this point from "Growing up" to "Blood of Leonidas" to avoid implications made by the former.|
|2018||Super Seducer||PC||Red Dahlia Interactive||Super Seducer, billed as "the world's most realistic seduction simulator", in which the player is taught by a pickup artist how to pick up women by going through multiple choice questions accompanied by video clips, came under fire by a number of left wing critics, who one described it as the "world’s sleaziest game" and another for "normalizing rape culture" Prior to its release, the game had its crowdfunding campaign suspended by Kickstarter, according to its press release was due to "inappropriate content, including but not limited to offensive or pornographic material" and "spamming or abusive behavior, offering rewards in violation of Kickstarter's rules." During release, the developer came under fire for ordering a DMCA takedown request against a YouTuber after he made a video critiquing the game. Its release on PlayStation 4 was pulled by Sony shortly before it was due for release.|
|2019||Devotion||PC||Red Candle||The Taiwanese horror game Devotion drew backlash from Chinese players after two Easter eggs were discovered that mocked Chinese paramount leader Xi Jinping, who is also the General Secretary of the Communist Party of China. The first Easter egg consisted of a poster with text written on it referring to the president as a "Winnie-the-Pooh moron"; the children's literature character had previously been blocked online by the Chinese government for being heavily featured in Internet memes comparing him to Jinping. The second Easter egg consisted of a newspaper describing the incarceration of an individual under the alias "Steamed Bun," a euphemism for Jinping used by his critics to evade federal censorship. Following a review bombing campaign, developer Red Candle apologized for the Easter eggs' inclusion and stated that they would refund offended players. Reports from Chinese social media users also claimed that the game was pulled from Steam as a result of the controversy.|
|2019||Rape Day||PC||Desk Plant||Rape Day was listed as an upcoming title on Steam around early March 2019; according to its description, Rape Day was a "dark comedy and power fantasy" visual novel that allowed the player to "[control] the choices of a menacing serial killer rapist during a zombie apocalypse." The game's store page included numerous warnings related to the content, including "violence, sexual assault, non-consensual sex, obscene language, necrophilia, incest, and the death of a baby". Many journalists quickly expressed concern about the game's content based on the description and troubling screenshots and how it appeared to glorify rape, and opined that the game would be a type of litmus test of Valve's recently-developed hands-off policy in terms of Steam storefront curation, believing Valve should block the game. By March 6, 2019, Valve had issued a statement that it will not allow the game to be published on Steam, and removed its upcoming store page. In the company's statement, Valve said "We respect developers’ desire to express themselves, and the purpose of Steam is to help developers find an audience, but this developer has chosen content matter and a way of representing it that makes it very difficult for us to help them do that."|
|2019||Ion Fury||PC, PlayStation 4, Xbox One, Nintendo Switch||Voidpoint||Initially titled Ion Maiden, Ion Fury was forced to change its title when the game's publisher was challenged with a trademark infringement lawsuit by the band Iron Maiden. After release, players found language within the game that was considered by some to be homophobic: a bottle of lotion labeled "Ogay" (parodying the brand Olay) and an inaccessible room containing the word "fagbag", allegedly a spoof on the title of the Duke Nukem theme song. Additionally, players on the game's Discord server found that some of the developers had previously used language insensitive to transgender causes. Developer Voidpoint and publisher 3D Realms apologized for the poor language, and vowed to donate US$10,000 to The Trevor Project as well as patch out the offensive content. A week later, facing backlash from confused players who thought the entire game was to be censored, Voidpoint and 3D Realms clarified that they were not censoring content intended to be included in the game and were only removing the offensive word found within the inaccessible area, though still stressing that the behavior on Discord was unacceptable.|
|2019||NBA 2K20||PlayStation 4, Xbox One||2K Games||Prior to the game's own release, NBA 2K20 received severe backlash for microtransactions components being advertised in a trailer which has blatant similarities to a casino. The heavy focus on these components in conjunction with the option to spend real-world currency on it has also caused many to criticize both PEGI and the ESRB for giving the game each organization's lowest possible age rating despite both boards claiming that gambling content, simulated or not, would warrant a significantly higher age rating.|
|2020||Animal Crossing: New Horizons||Nintendo Switch||Nintendo EPD||The game was pulled from Chinese online digital sales as it allowed users to create their own displays in game, some which were used to support the ongoing protests favoring Hong Kong.|
|2020||Cooking Mama: Cookstar||Nintendo Switch, PlayStation 4||1st Playable Productions||The game was made without permission of the IP holder Office Create, which started a legal dispute against the game's publisher Planet Entertainment, resulting the removal of the game on the Nintendo eShop and an extremely limited print run.|
- Gotcha at the Killer List of Videogames
- David Craddock, "The Rogues Gallery: Controversial Video Games Archived 2014-03-18 at the Wayback Machine," Shacknews (September 29, 2005).
- DeMaria, Rusel; Wilson, Johnny L. (2003). High Score!: The Illustrated History of Electronic Games. McGraw-Hill Professional. pp. 27, 28. ISBN 0-07-223172-6.
- ;Fecal Jesus, "The Seven Most Controversial Games and why most of them are complete crap," GamerHelp (02/14/08).
- Kearney, Paul; Pivec, Maja (May 2007). "Sex, lies and video games". British Journal of Educational Technology. 38 (3): 489–501. doi:10.1111/j.1467-8535.2007.00712.x.
- "The 8 Most Ethnically Stereotypical Punch-Out!! Characters – Topless Robot". February 16, 2012. Archived from the original on January 7, 2014. Retrieved January 7, 2014.
- "Racist Games: Punch-Out!". June 18, 2013. Archived from the original on January 8, 2014. Retrieved January 7, 2014.
- "Top 5 Racist Videogames". 1UP.com. Archived from the original on October 29, 2013. Retrieved January 9, 2014.
- DATA EAST USA, INC., v. EPYX, INC., – UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR THE NORTHERN DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA – No. C-86-20513-WAI
- Data East v. Epyx. In: Steven L. Kent: The Ultimate History of Video Games: From Pong to Pokémon—The Story Behind the Craze That Touched Our Lives and Changed the World. New York, New York: Three Rivers Press, 2001. ISBN 0-7615-3643-4. p. 368-371.
- Richard H. Stern, Computer Law 484 Professor Richard H. Stern Cases and Materials Archived January 1, 2015, at the Wayback Machine
- Retro Japanese Computers: Gaming's Final Frontier Archived September 30, 2017, at the Wayback Machine, Hardcore Gaming 101, reprinted from Retro Gamer, Issue 67, 2009
-  Archived September 1, 2017, at the Wayback Machine, When Two Tribes Go to War: A History of Video Game Controversy
- Carroll, Martyn (March 30, 2006). "Company Profile: Palace Software". Retro Gamer. Bournemouth, United Kingdom: Imagine Publishing (23): 66–69. ISSN 1742-3155.
- Sinclair User staff (November 1987). "Whodunwot". Sinclair User. London, United Kingdom: EMAP (68): 8–9. ISSN 0262-5458.
- "Chronology of Action". Tobaccodocuments.org. Archived from the original on November 30, 2009. Retrieved May 15, 2010.
- [permanent dead link][permanent dead link]
- Good, Owen. "What Are Splatterhouse, Kindergarten Killer and the Other Games the NRA Slammed Today?". Kotaku. Archived from the original on September 3, 2015. Retrieved August 16, 2015.
- Video Games and Computer Entertainment. July 1991. Pg. 44
- Wolfenstein 3D Just Got Modernized With the Release of Wolfram Archived July 22, 2013, at the Wayback Machine , Indiegamemag, June 12, 2012
- Silverman, Ben (September 17, 2007). "Controversial Games: Some games push all the wrong buttons". Yahoo! Games. Archived from the original on August 7, 2011. Retrieved September 12, 2008.
- Oxoby, Marc; Browne, Ray (2003). The 1990s. Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 84. ISBN 0-313-31615-5.
- Williams, D. (December 2003). "The Video Game Lightning Rod". Information, Communication and Society. 6 (4): 541. doi:10.1080/1369118032000163240.
- Analysis at Patent Arcade Archived July 13, 2010, at the Wayback Machine accessed June 18, 2009.
- Weatherford, Carole Boston (January 5, 2000). "Politically Incorrect Pokémon". Archived from the original on September 25, 2008. Retrieved April 17, 2009.
- Barrett, Devlin (January 5, 2000). "POKEMON EARNS PAPAL BLESSING". Archived from the original on July 11, 2016. Retrieved June 12, 2015.
- "The First Hot Coffee". PC Gamer. Future Publishing. March 2007. p. 62.
- Soete, Tim (May 1, 1996). "Duke Nukem 3D Review for PC". GameSpot. Archived from the original on July 3, 2009. Retrieved July 1, 2009.
- "Duke Nukem 3D review for the PC". Game Revolution. June 5, 1996. Archived from the original on September 30, 2012. Retrieved July 1, 2009.
- Lara Croft: Feminist Icon or Cyberbimbo? Archived March 16, 2010, at the Wayback Machine, Helen W. Kennedy, Game Studies, Vol. 2, Issue 2, December 2002.
- "The Saga of Battlecruiser 3000". The 25 dumbest moments in gaming. GameSpy. Archived from the original on July 3, 2006. Retrieved July 11, 2006.
- Lee, Rachel C. and Sau-ling Cynthia Wong (editors) Asian America.Net:ethnicity, nationalism, and cyberspace, Routledge, 2003, p. 253
- Sze-Fai Shiu, Anthony (2006). "What Yellowface Hides: Video Games, Whiteness, and the American Racial Order" (PDF). The Journal of Popular Culture. 39: 109–125. doi:10.1111/j.1540-5931.2006.00206.x. Archived from the original (PDF) on September 28, 2013.
- "The Making Of... Carmageddon". Edge Online. June 27, 2008. Archived from the original on August 3, 2008. Retrieved July 25, 2008.
- Androvich, Mark (November 8, 2007). "Take-Two settles "Hot Coffee" lawsuits". Gamesindustry.biz. Retrieved November 9, 2007.
- F1 Racing magazine, December 1997 issue, page 20, British edition as imported to America
- Video Game Maker Drawing Fire for Violent Ads. Los Angeles Times. June 29, 1999
- "DDR Freak – Solo 2000 Statement". Ddrfreak.com. Archived from the original on November 26, 2016. Retrieved November 26, 2016.
- 10 Years Later, Romero Apologizes for Daikatana Tom's Hardware, May 18, 2010 (Article by Kevin Parrish)
- "Nintendo Introduces Perfect Dark". Archived from the original on August 9, 2016. Retrieved June 15, 2016.
- Casamassina, Matt (March 2, 2001). "Conker's Bad Fur Day review". IGN. Archived from the original on March 16, 2012. Retrieved May 20, 2011.
- "Nintendo Cries Copyright Infringement". rpgamer.com. Archived from the original on July 1, 2016. Retrieved December 13, 2016.
- Oliver, Mark (March 15, 2002). "Game publicity plan raises grave concerns". the Guardian. Archived from the original on December 21, 2016. Retrieved December 15, 2016.
- Scheeres, Julia (February 20, 2002). "Games Elevate Hate to Next Level". Wired. Archived from the original on February 13, 2010. Retrieved February 4, 2010.
- Moore, Matthew (November 6, 2008). "Suicide bomber video game condemned by terror victims". The Daily Telegraph. London. Archived from the original on July 23, 2013. Retrieved May 26, 2013.
- "The Good, The Bad, The Ugly". Game Informer. 11 (100): 17. August 2001.
- "Interview with Ryan Gordon: Postal2, Unreal & Mac Gaming – Macologist". March 9, 2005. Archived from the original on March 9, 2005. Retrieved October 21, 2011.
- "Controversial video games". virginmedia.com. Archived from the original on October 26, 2014. Retrieved October 26, 2014.
- "Fail Video Game Bin Laden VS USA Hand Held Toy Review by Mike Mozart of JeepersMedia". DeadlineLIVE. December 22, 2009. Archived from the original on December 26, 2009. Retrieved December 23, 2009.
- Halter, Ed (June 2006) . "Part 4: The Dream War". From Sun Tzu to Xbox: War and Video Games (1 ed.). 245 West 17th Street, 11th Floor, New York, NY 10011: Thunder's Mouth Press. ISBN 1-56025-681-8. OCLC 68918463. cp3p6rfKdK0C. Retrieved September 27, 2009.CS1 maint: location (link)
- "'Sims' content criticized". CNNMoney.com. July 28, 2005. Archived from the original on December 27, 2015. Retrieved January 12, 2010.
- Feldman, Curt (November 23, 2004). "JFK Reloaded picks up press, none pretty". Archived from the original on November 14, 2018. Retrieved November 14, 2018.
- Surette, Tim (July 8, 2005). "The Guy Game banned, goes straight to video". GameSpot. Archived from the original on October 18, 2018. Retrieved November 30, 2019.
- Holmes, T.J.; Nguyen, Betty (November 7, 2007). "Transcripts – CNN Sunday Morning". CNN. Archived from the original on July 23, 2008. Retrieved December 10, 2008.
- Hung, Yee (June 12, 2007). "Exploiting grief; bad taste, it appears, makes money". The Straits Times. p. 1.
- Thompson, Clive (July 23, 2006). "Saving The World, One Video Game At a Time". The New York Times. p. 1.
- Townsend, Emru (October 23, 2006). "The 10 Worst Games of All Time". PC World. Archived from the original on November 4, 2008. Retrieved October 7, 2008.
- [permanent dead link]
- "The Punisher for PlayStation 2 (2005) MobyRank". MobyGames. January 18, 2005. Archived from the original on November 13, 2012. Retrieved November 2, 2012.
- "Case Study: The Punisher". Sbbfc.co.uk. Archived from the original on July 20, 2011. Retrieved November 2, 2012.
- "Games Censorship: A to Z". Refused-Classification.com. Archived from the original on January 19, 2013. Retrieved November 2, 2012.
- "The Punisher for PlayStation 2 (2005)". MobyGames. Archived from the original on November 1, 2012. Retrieved November 2, 2012.
- Sinclair, Brendan (October 26, 2006). "Bully's boy-on-boy scene causing a stir". GameSpot. Archived from the original on March 23, 2014. Retrieved March 19, 2007.
- "Bully". Entertainment Software Rating Board. January 4, 2010. Archived from the original on February 5, 2015. Retrieved May 27, 2011.
- "Bully (Multi Platform)". Australian Classification Board. Australian Government. Archived from the original on February 5, 2015. Retrieved June 30, 2014.
- Silverman, Ben (September 17, 2007). "Controversial Games". Yahoo! Games. Archived from the original on April 29, 2009. Retrieved September 19, 2007.
- Zenke, Michael (June 19, 2007). ""Boobies Did Not Break the Game": The ESRB Clears the Air On Oblivion". The Escapist. Archived from the original on January 13, 2014. Retrieved July 2, 2007.
- "Internet Archive Wayback Machine". January 13, 2009. Archived from the original on October 12, 2007. Retrieved October 21, 2011.
- Hayward, Andrew (June 29, 2007). "Mind Quiz Yanked in UK for Offensive Term". 1up.com. Archived from the original on June 22, 2011. Retrieved October 21, 2011.
- Musgrove, Mike (August 17, 2006). "Fire and Brimstone, Guns and Ammo". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on November 2, 2012. Retrieved September 12, 2008.
- Greene, Richard (December 14, 2006). "Christian video game draws anger". BBC. Archived from the original on July 20, 2008. Retrieved September 12, 2008.
- Tapper, Jake; Miller, Avery (December 4, 2006). "Faith-Based Killing? Critics Rip Christian Video Game". ABC News. Archived from the original on December 10, 2008. Retrieved September 12, 2008.
- "GameSpy: Left Behind: Eternal Forces review". Pc.gamespy.com. Archived from the original on August 25, 2012. Retrieved October 21, 2011.
- Butts, Steve. "IGN: Left Behind: Eternal Forces review". Pc.ign.com. Archived from the original on June 17, 2012. Retrieved October 21, 2011.
- Kuchera, Ben (December 13, 2006). "Left Behind: Eternal Forces review". Ars Technica. Archived from the original on September 12, 2011. Retrieved October 21, 2011.
- Bramwell, Tom (June 11, 2007). "Church of England attacks use of cathedral in PS3's Resistance". Eurogamer. Archived from the original on February 23, 2009. Retrieved September 13, 2008.
- "UK Politician Calls Police War On Photography "Daft"". Archived from the original on December 4, 2013. Retrieved March 8, 2017.
- Bramwell, Tom (November 15, 2006). "Rome mayor wants game banned". Eurogamer. Archived from the original on February 21, 2009. Retrieved September 12, 2008.
- Gibson, Ellie (November 17, 2006). "505 Games responds to Rule of Rose controversy". gamesindustry.biz. Retrieved September 12, 2008.
- Martin, Matt (November 24, 2006). "505 Games cans Rule of Rose". gamesindustry.biz. Retrieved September 12, 2008.
- "BioShock draws attention for 'killing' little girls". GamePro. August 24, 2007. Archived from the original on December 10, 2008. Retrieved September 13, 2008.
- Orland, Kyle (August 23, 2007). "BioShock's Little Sister killing gets mainstream attention". Joystiq. Archived from the original on February 1, 2009. Retrieved September 13, 2008.
- Fahey, Mike (August 25, 2007). "Killing Little Girls". Kotaku. Archived from the original on December 10, 2008. Retrieved September 13, 2008.
- "Jack Thompson Shocked by Bioshock TV Ads". GamePolitics.com. August 19, 2007. Archived from the original on August 29, 2008. Retrieved September 13, 2008.
- Schiesel, Seth (October 29, 2007). "Under Glare of Scrutiny, a Game Is Toned Down". The New York Times. Archived from the original on December 10, 2008. Retrieved July 23, 2008.
- "Blog Archive » Conservative Blogger Claims Mass Effect Offers "Customizable Sodomy"". GamePolitics.com. Archived from the original on July 8, 2012. Retrieved March 24, 2009.
- Schiesel, Seth (January 26, 2008). "Author Faults a Game, and Gamers Flame Back". The New York Times. Archived from the original on September 4, 2015. Retrieved January 26, 2008.
- "Mass Effect Hits PC On May 6. Alien Sideboob Ahoy!". February 7, 2008. Archived from the original on July 15, 2009. Retrieved May 30, 2009.
- "'Spastic' video game is recalled". Metro.co.uk. Archived from the original on August 13, 2011. Retrieved October 21, 2011.
- PC World (September 12, 2008). "Casual Friday: Why Spore Won't Work". Archived from the original on September 26, 2008. Retrieved September 24, 2008.
- Daniel Teridman; CNet News (May 8, 2008). "Report: Gamers angry at DRM system from EA". Retrieved September 24, 2008.
- HeraldNet (September 9, 2008). "Spore DRM: the evolution of a brewing controversy". Archived from the original on September 12, 2008. Retrieved September 24, 2008.
- Staci D. Kramer; Washington Post (September 19, 2008). "EA Admits Spore Launch Botched by DRM; Still, Financial Damage Already Done". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on November 10, 2012. Retrieved September 25, 2008.
- "Top 10 Most Pirated Games of 2008". TorrentFreak. December 4, 2008. Archived from the original on February 20, 2009. Retrieved March 13, 2009.
- "'Muslim Massacre' computer game blasted in Britain". ABC News. September 13, 2008. Retrieved September 13, 2008.
- Stanley, Douglas Edric (August 7, 2008). "Invaders!". Archived from the original on October 16, 2014. Retrieved May 31, 2014.
- Stanley, Douglas Edric (August 25, 2008). "Some Context..." Archived from the original on December 29, 2013. Retrieved May 31, 2014.
- Remo, Chris (August 25, 2008). "Creator of Space Invaders-Based 9/11 Art Piece Pulls Exhibit". Gamasutra. Archived from the original on February 1, 2012. Retrieved May 31, 2014.
- "Silent Hill Aussie Ban Update". IGN. September 29, 2008. Archived from the original on June 1, 2014. Retrieved January 15, 2013.
- Farivar, Cyrus (October 20, 2008). "Sony recalls LittleBigPlanet over Quran quote in music". Machinist: Salon.com. Archived from the original on October 26, 2012. Retrieved October 20, 2008.
- "Yahoo!". biz.gamedaily.com. Archived from the original on October 12, 2007. Retrieved June 20, 2014.
- Carless, Simon. "Breaking: Silicon Knights Files Lawsuit Against Epic". Gamasutra.com. Archived from the original on July 9, 2014. Retrieved June 20, 2014.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on December 23, 2014. Retrieved June 20, 2014.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- "Silicon Knights ordered to destroy unsold copies of all Unreal Engine games – VG247". Vg247.com. November 9, 2012. Archived from the original on August 12, 2014. Retrieved June 20, 2014.
- Caoili, Eric (June 12, 2008). "Tri Synergy Discontinues Limbo Of The Lost On Stolen Asset Allegations". Gamasutra.com. Archived from the original on June 13, 2008. Retrieved June 12, 2008.
- John, Tracey (April 10, 2008). "Newsweek's N'Gai Croal On The 'Resident Evil 5′ Trailer: 'This Imagery Has A History'". MTV. Archived from the original on August 29, 2008. Retrieved September 12, 2008.
- "Editorial: SAW Game Is Depraved And Inhumane; Konami Should Be Ashamed". Cinemablend.com. July 28, 2009. Archived from the original on August 1, 2009. Retrieved September 7, 2009.
- "Most Controversial Games of 2009". GameDaily. October 8, 2009. Archived from the original on October 13, 2009. Retrieved November 2, 2009.
- Amrich, Dan (July 2, 2009). "Only on Xbox 360: Left 4 Dead 2". Official Xbox Magazine UK. Future Publishing (49): 43.
- Ramadge, Andrew (September 17, 2009). "Left 4 Dead 2 refused classification in Australia". News.com.au. Retrieved September 17, 2009.
- Jefferson, Willie (July 14, 2009). "Racism in video games: The new norm?". Houston Chronicle. Archived from the original on September 29, 2012. Retrieved July 30, 2009.
- Kalning, Kristin. 'Fat Princess' game stirs up heavy debate Archived June 30, 2014, at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved June 27, 2014.
- Kietzmann, Ludwig (October 28, 2009). "New Modern Warfare: Airport Murder Simulator 2 video game glorifies terrorism". Joystiq.com. Archived from the original on October 31, 2009. Retrieved November 8, 2009.
- Crecente, Brian (October 28, 2009). "Modern Warfare 2 Features Skippable Scene of Atrocities – Modern warfare 2 – Kotaku". Feeds.gawker.com. Archived from the original on October 31, 2009. Retrieved November 8, 2009.
- "House of Commons Hansard Debates for 09 Nov 2009 (pt 0002)". Department of the Official Report (Hansard), House of Commons, Westminster. November 9, 2009. Archived from the original on November 19, 2009. Retrieved November 15, 2009.
- Shoemaker, Natalie (March 11, 2012). "The most controversial moments in Call of Duty history". Geek.com. Archived from the original on July 12, 2012. Retrieved March 7, 2013.
- "Russians ban Modern Warfare 2 console versions for 'No Russian' mission – Neoseeker Forums". Neoseeker.com. Archived from the original on November 19, 2009. Retrieved November 16, 2009.
- "Modern Warfare 2 Map Removed Following Controversy". IGN.com. October 8, 2012. Archived from the original on October 10, 2012. Retrieved October 8, 2012.
- New Video Game Will Let You Play as the Taliban Archived September 1, 2010, at the Wayback Machine , AOL News, August 13, 2010
- Goodrich, Greg (October 1, 2010). "Multiplayer Change | Medal of Honor — Coming October 12, 2010". Medal of Honor. Archived from the original on October 4, 2010. Retrieved October 14, 2010.
- Sliwinski, Alexander (October 5, 2010). "Military stores won't carry Medal of Honor despite 'Taliban' change". Joystiq.com. Archived from the original on August 10, 2012. Retrieved October 14, 2010.
- "Outrage Over Konami's "Six Days in Fallujah"". GamePolitics. July 20, 2012. Archived from the original on November 25, 2012. Retrieved July 24, 2012.
- Cork, Jeff (February 20, 2011). "Fox News Blogger Continues To Beat The Bulletstorm Drum". Game Informer. Archived from the original on February 23, 2011. Retrieved February 21, 2011.
- Goulter, Tom (May 19, 2011). "Slow news day leads to Portal 2 adoption "controversy"". GamesRadar. Archived from the original on December 17, 2014. Retrieved May 31, 2013.
- Cardona, Julian; Martinez-Cabrera, Alejandro (February 17, 2011). "Cartel video game riles U.S.-Mexico border residents". Reuters. Archived from the original on February 20, 2011. Retrieved February 21, 2011.
- Purchese, Robert (July 8, 2011). "Dead Island Developer Techland Disturbed by Feminist Whore Skill". Eurogamer. Archived from the original on April 25, 2013. Retrieved April 19, 2013.
- Baker, Chris. "Fans Have Dropped $77M on This Guy's Buggy, Half-Built Game". WIRED. Archived from the original on May 19, 2017. Retrieved May 2, 2017.
- "Stop Funding Star Citizen". Archived from the original on July 17, 2017. Retrieved May 2, 2017.
- Chalk, Andy (August 24, 2015). "Derek Smart threatens legal action against Cloud Imperium Games over Star Citizen". PC Gamer. Archived from the original on December 25, 2017. Retrieved December 24, 2017.
- "The Star Citizen makers are being sued by Crytek". Eurogamer. Archived from the original on December 30, 2017. Retrieved January 1, 2018.
- "In Space, No One Can Hear You Threaten Lawsuits". October 4, 2018. Archived from the original on May 29, 2019. Retrieved May 29, 2019.
- "'Star Citizen' Developer Threatens Lawsuit Against The Escapist, Demands Apology And Retraction". October 4, 2015. Archived from the original on May 29, 2019. Retrieved May 29, 2019.
- Michael McWhertor. "There's A New Wrinkle In Japanese Schoolgirl Game Gal Gun's Panty Shot Drama". Kotaku. Gawker Media. Archived from the original on November 24, 2018. Retrieved April 12, 2019.
- "Gal Gun Banned in New Zealand – FVLB Calls Sexualisation "Relentless", Criticises "Lack of Difficulty"". Archived from the original on February 20, 2018. Retrieved April 12, 2019.
- "How do Counter-Strike: Global Offensive skins work?". Polygon.com. Archived from the original on July 11, 2016. Retrieved November 26, 2016.
- "23 Skin Gambling Sites Targeted With Cease And Desist By Valve". Esportswbettingreport.com. July 20, 2016. Archived from the original on November 26, 2016. Retrieved November 26, 2016.
- Martin, David (November 8, 2012). "7 Navy SEALs disciplined for role with video game". CBS News. Archived from the original on February 1, 2013. Retrieved November 11, 2012.
- Dozier, Kimberly. "Pentagon cracks down on SEALs troops who spill secrets about their missions for profit". AP. Associated Press. Archived from the original on November 9, 2012. Retrieved November 9, 2012.
- Dransfield, Ian. "Capcom Includes Paid DLC On The Disc, Hilariously". Play. Archived from the original on May 1, 2012. Retrieved March 16, 2012.
- Sinclair, Brendan (March 16, 2012). "On-Disc DLC Outrage Is Off the Mark". GameSpot. Archived from the original on August 15, 2012. Retrieved March 16, 2012.
- "Persona 4 Arenea to be first region locked PS3 release". EGMNow. Archived from the original on October 12, 2016. Retrieved August 30, 2012.
- Dyer, Mitch (July 6, 2012). "Atlus Addresses Persona 4 Arena Region-Locking". IGN. Archived from the original on July 10, 2012. Retrieved August 7, 2012.
- Sirani, Jordan. "Persona 4 Arena Ultimax is Region-Free". IGN. Retrieved November 3, 2016.
- Molina, Brett (March 19, 2012). "BioWare: No decision yet on 'Mass Effect 3' ending". USA Today. Archived from the original on March 21, 2012. Retrieved March 19, 2012.
- "'Mass Effect 3' makers to rewrite 'soul-crushing' ending for furious fans". Fox News. March 22, 2012. Archived from the original on March 22, 2012. Retrieved March 22, 2012.
- Philips, Tom (October 16, 2015). "PayDay 2 community erupts in anger at addition of stat-changing microtransactions". Eurogamer. Archived from the original on October 18, 2015. Retrieved October 19, 2015.
- Saed, Sherif (May 30, 2016). "Payday franchise rights back to Overkill, microtransactions removed, more". VG247. Archived from the original on May 31, 2016. Retrieved May 31, 2016.
- Griffiths, Daniel Nye (June 13, 2012). "That Was Quick: Crystal Dynamics Responds On Tomb Raider Controversy". Forbes. Archived from the original on June 16, 2012. Retrieved June 14, 2012.
- Schreier, Jason (June 13, 2012). "Tomb Raider Creators Are No Longer Referring to Game's Attempted 'Rape' Scene As an Attempted Rape Scene". Kotaku. Archived from the original on June 29, 2012. Retrieved June 14, 2012.
- Pitcher, Jenna (June 25, 2013). "Saints Row 4 refused classification in Australia due to 'alien narcotics' and an 'Alien Anal Probe'". Polygon. Archived from the original on August 28, 2013. Retrieved August 15, 2013.
- Pitcher, Jenna (August 2, 2013). "Censored Saints Row 4 receives MA15+ rating in Australia". Polygon. Archived from the original on August 5, 2013. Retrieved August 15, 2013.
- Pitcher, Jenna (August 5, 2013). "Saints Row 4 in Australia barred from international co-op (update)". Polygon. Archived from the original on August 11, 2013. Retrieved August 15, 2013.
- Chalk, Andy (October 23, 2013). "The Stanley Parable Maker Promises to Change "Racist" Image". The Escapist. Archived from the original on December 24, 2013. Retrieved December 22, 2013.
- "Strafgesetzbuch, sections 86, 86a". Archived from the original on August 14, 2017. Retrieved April 25, 2018.
- Moses, Toby (March 5, 2014). "Why has the South Park: Stick of Truth game been censored in Europe?". theguardian.com. The Guardian. Archived from the original on March 11, 2014. Retrieved April 6, 2014.
- Crossley, Rob (August 15, 2013). "Anger over 'rape scene' in Hotline Miami 2". Computer and Video Games. Archived from the original on August 17, 2013. Retrieved August 15, 2013.
- Orland, Kyle (January 15, 2015). "Hotline Miami 2 blocked from sale in Australia over implied rape scene". Ars Technica. Archived from the original on January 16, 2015. Retrieved January 16, 2015.
- Hall, Charlie (August 20, 2014). "Change title". Polygon. Archived from the original on October 20, 2014. Retrieved January 8, 2015.
- Matulef, Jeffrey (December 15, 2014). "Controversial mass murdering game Hatred appears on Steam Greenlight". Eurogamer. Archived from the original on December 16, 2014. Retrieved December 16, 2014.
- "Hatred given Adults Only rating in US and Canada". Polygon. January 16, 2015. Archived from the original on January 16, 2015. Retrieved January 16, 2015.
- Machkovech, Sam (September 3, 2015). "After outcry, "edutainment" game removes slave-Tetris mode". Ars Technica. Archived from the original on September 3, 2015. Retrieved September 4, 2015.
- "Demands for 'racist' Survival Island 3 game to be removed from app stores". ABC News. Retrieved January 16, 2016.
- Rahool, Munir (February 11, 2015). "Review: This Army Public School attack game fails on every front". DAWN. Archived from the original on February 21, 2016. Retrieved February 22, 2016.
- "Pakistan removes Taliban school massacre video game after social media uproar". ABC. January 18, 2015. Archived from the original on February 21, 2016. Retrieved February 22, 2016.
- Saed, Sherif (March 29, 2016). "Overwatch – Blizzard removes "sexualized" Tracer win pose following fan complaint". VG247. Archived from the original on April 4, 2016. Retrieved April 6, 2016.
- Saed, Sherif (April 6, 2016). "Overwatch's Tracer butt pose replaced with cheesecake pin-up stance". VG247. Archived from the original on April 6, 2016. Retrieved April 6, 2016.
- Chalk, Andy (September 23, 2016). "Capcom promises Street Fighter 5 rollback after "rootkit" discovered in the latest update". PC Gamer. Archived from the original on December 20, 2016. Retrieved December 14, 2016.
- Frank, Allegra. "Street Fighter 5 players notice Islamic chants in new Buddhist temple stage". Polygon. Archived from the original on April 27, 2017. Retrieved April 26, 2017.
- Purchase, Robert (April 5, 2016). "New Baldur's Gate expansion Siege of Dragonspear off to a rough start". Eurogamer. Archived from the original on April 6, 2016. Retrieved April 5, 2016.
- Lindh, Clara (July 11, 2016). "What Pokémon GO has to do with armed robbery and a dead body". CNN. CNN. Archived from the original on July 12, 2016. Retrieved July 11, 2016.
- Shepard, Kenneth (May 2, 2017). "Persona 5 Put Me Back in the Closet". pastemagazine.com. Archived from the original on July 29, 2017. Retrieved May 4, 2017.
- Marks, Tom (February 17, 2020). "Persona 5 Royal Will Change Homophobic Scenes For Western Release". IGN. Retrieved February 17, 2020.
- Donaldson, Alex (September 8, 2017). "Malaysian Government block their citizens from accessing Steam over fighting game where Jesus can fight Buddha". VG247. Archived from the original on September 8, 2017. Retrieved September 8, 2017.
- Jones, Ali (September 8, 2017). "Steam is back in Malaysia, but Fight of Gods is no longer available there". PCGamesN. Archived from the original on September 9, 2017. Retrieved September 8, 2017.
- O'Conner, James (October 13, 2017). "After beta controversy, DICE has better clarified the 'loot crate' and progression systems in Star Wars Battlefront 2". VG247. Archived from the original on October 13, 2017. Retrieved October 13, 2017.
- Salinis, Sara (November 13, 2017). "EA's new Star Wars game is so unpopular a developer is apparently getting death threats". CNBC. Archived from the original on November 13, 2017. Retrieved November 13, 2017.
- Kim, matt (November 16, 2017). "Report: EA to Kill Star Wars Battlefront 2's Monetized Loot Box Progression". US Gamer. Archived from the original on November 17, 2017. Retrieved November 16, 2017.
- Diaz, Andrea (May 28, 2018). "Parents of Parkland victims are outraged about a new video game that would let players shoot up a school". CNN. Archived from the original on June 12, 2018. Retrieved May 29, 2018.
- Gault, Matthew (May 29, 2018). "Valve Has Removed a School Shooting Simulator From Steam, Calling the Developer a 'Troll'". Vice. Archived from the original on May 30, 2018. Retrieved May 29, 2018.
- "Playway – Agony". Playway.com. Archived from the original on November 24, 2016. Retrieved August 23, 2018.
- Chalk, Andy (May 28, 2018). "Hellish horror game Agony will be slightly toned down, 'uncensored' patch plan dropped". PC Gamer. Archived from the original on May 29, 2018. Retrieved May 28, 2018.
- "Agony :: Agony Unrated!". June 6, 2018. Archived from the original on July 14, 2018. Retrieved June 13, 2018.
- "Agony". Kickstarter. Archived from the original on August 4, 2018. Retrieved August 4, 2018.
- Kidwell, Emma (October 12, 2018). "Valve under investigation by Brazilian government over violent political game". Gamasutra. Archived from the original on October 12, 2018. Retrieved October 12, 2018.
- Kent, Emma (October 11, 2018). "Valve investigated by Brazilian government over game which incites violence against election candidates". Eurogamer. Archived from the original on October 11, 2018. Retrieved October 12, 2018.
- Good, Owen S. (November 2, 2018). "Diablo fans call Diablo: Immortal a reskin of a free-to-play mobile game". Polygon. Archived from the original on November 3, 2018. Retrieved November 3, 2018.
- McWhertor, Michael (November 3, 2018). "Blizzard responds to Diablo: Immortal backlash". Polygon. Archived from the original on November 4, 2018. Retrieved November 4, 2018.
- Wade, Jessie (November 5, 2018). "Update: Blizzard Says It 'Didn't Pull Any Announcements From BlizzCon'". IGN. Archived from the original on November 6, 2018. Retrieved November 5, 2018.
- Phillips, Tom (January 15, 2019). "Ubisoft sorry for shock Assassin's Creed Odyssey DLC twist which ignores player choice". Eurogamer. Archived from the original on January 16, 2019. Retrieved February 25, 2019.
- Wales, Matt (February 25, 2019). "Ubisoft is replacing Assassin's Creed Odyssey's controversial DLC ending tomorrow". Eurogamer. Archived from the original on February 26, 2019. Retrieved February 25, 2019.
- Tolito, Stephan (February 25, 2019). "Ubisoft Renames Controversial Assassin's Creed Odyssey Trophy". Kotaku. Archived from the original on February 26, 2019. Retrieved February 25, 2019.
- Kaser, Rachel (February 19, 2018). "Slimy seduction expert slips world's sleaziest game onto Steam". The Next Web. Retrieved February 5, 2020.
- Cole, Samantha (February 26, 2018). "Putting This PUA Game On PlayStation and Steam Normalizes Stalker Behavior". Vice. Retrieved February 5, 2020.
- Maiberg, Emanuel (February 19, 2018). "New 'Pick-Up Artist' Video Game Teaches Men How to Be Creeps". Vice. Retrieved February 5, 2020.
- "Kickstarter suspends "realistic" FMV seduction game". GameWatcher. Retrieved February 5, 2020.
- Alexander, Julia (February 28, 2018). "Super Seducer dev under fire after DMCA takedown hits YouTuber, Twitter fight". Polygon. Retrieved February 5, 2020.
- Bailey, Jonathan (March 6, 2018). "The Worst False DMCA Notice I've Seen". Plagiarism Today. Retrieved February 5, 2020.
- "There's a new game that teaches men how to pick up women". The Independent. March 7, 2018. Retrieved February 5, 2020.
- Allen, Kerry (February 25, 2019). "Taiwan game 'Devotion' upsets China with Winnie the Pooh reference". BBC. Archived from the original on February 26, 2019. Retrieved February 27, 2019.
- McWhertor, Michael (February 25, 2019). "Horror game Devotion pulled from Steam after Winnie-the-Pooh controversy". Polygon. Archived from the original on February 26, 2019. Retrieved February 27, 2019.
- Wilde, Tyler; Lahti, Evan; Brown, Fraser (March 5, 2019). "Steam is currently listing a game called Rape Day in which you play as a 'serial killer rapist'". PC Gamer. Archived from the original on March 6, 2019. Retrieved March 6, 2019.
- Wales, Matt (March 4, 2019). "Valve under fire as sexually explicit game glorifying rape is listed on Steam". Eurogamer. Archived from the original on March 5, 2019. Retrieved March 6, 2019.
- Kim, Matt (August 26, 2019). "Ion Fury Devs Take Back Decision to Remove Homophobic Remarks in Game". IGN. Archived from the original on August 26, 2019. Retrieved August 26, 2019.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on August 31, 2019. Retrieved August 31, 2019.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- "Animal Crossing removed from sale in China amid Hong Kong protests". BBC. April 13, 2020. Retrieved April 13, 2020.
- Doolan, Liam (April 4, 2020). "Cooking Mama: Cookstar Cryptocurrency Saga Takes Yet Another Turn As Publisher Blames Coronavirus". Nintendo Life. Retrieved April 8, 2020.
- List of banned video games
- List of regionally censored video games
- List of video games considered the best
- List of video games notable for negative reception
- Research on the effects of violence in mass media
- Sexual Moments in Video Game History from I-Mockery
- The Top 7... Controversies Waiting to Happen: Sex! Murder! Godless blasphemy and animal abuse! How could the media possibly miss these button-pushing games? by GamesRadar
- The Top 7... Most Evil Games: See the most racist, hateful and tasteless titles you wouldn't touch with a 10 foot pole by GamesRadar