List of converts to Christianity from Islam
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|10.2 million according to one 2015 study |
- Section contains alphabetical listing of converts from earlier times until the end of the 19th century
- Abo of Tiflis – Christian activist and the patron saint of the city of Tbilisi, Georgia
- Abraham of Bulgaria – martyr and saint of the Russian Orthodox Church
- St. Adolphus – martyr who was put to death along with his brother, John, by Abd ar-Rahman II, the Caliph of Córdoba, for apostasy
- Jabalah ibn al-Aiham – last ruler of the Ghassanid state in Syria and Jordan in the 7th century AD; after the Islamic conquest of Levant he converted to Islam in AD 638; later reverted to Christianity and lived in Anatolia until he died in AD 645
- Leo Africanus – Moorish diplomat who was converted to Christianity following his capture.
- Safdar Ali – former Maulvi (cleric) from India
- Saint Hodja Amiris – former Ottoman soldier stationed in Jerusalem who converted to Christianity in the 17th century and was subsequently tortured and killed for the crime of apostasy in Islam
- Avraamy Aslanbegov – Russian-Azeri vice-admiral and military writer of the Russian Empire, converted to Eastern Orthodox Christianity
- Aurelius and Natalia – martyrs who were put to death during the reign of Abd ar-Rahman II, Caliph of Córdoba for apostasy
- Simeon Bekbulatovich – Khan of Qasim Khanate
- Alexander Bekovich-Cherkassky – Russian officer of Circassian origin who led the first Russian military expedition into Central Asia
- Sayed Borhan Khan – Khan of Qasim Khanate from 1627 to 1679; was forced to convert to Christianity by Russian forces following the Siege of Kazan
- Chehab family – refer to Shihab dynasty under "S" in same section
- Constantine the African – Baghdad-educated Muslim who died in 1087 as a Christian monk at Monte Cassino
- Constantine Hagarit – born in Smyrna to a Muslim family under the Ottoman Empire during the 19th century; converted to Orthodox Christianity and was subsequently imprisoned, tortured and executed by hanging for apostasy on 2 June 1819
- Converso – substantial numbers of Iberian Muslims who converted to Catholicism in Spain or Portugal, particularly during the 14th and 15th centuries. These New Christians of Moorish Berber origin were known as Moriscos. Over 1 million of these Moriscos were converted from Islam to Christianity, many of whom were forced to convert. Many Moriscos became devout in their new Christian faith and become sincere Christians.
- Estevanico – Berber originally from Morocco and one of the early explorers of the Southwestern United States
- George XI of Kartli – Georgian monarch who ruled Eastern Georgia from 1676 to 1688 and again from 1703 to 1709; an Eastern Orthodox Christian, he converted to Islam prior to his appointment as governor of Qandahar; later converted to Roman Catholicism
- Ghias ad-din – Azeri prince of the Seljuk dynasty of Rum, converted to Eastern Orthodox Christianity
- Umar ibn Hafsun – leader of anti-Ummayad dynasty forces in southern Iberia; converted to Christianity with his sons and ruled over several mountain valleys for nearly forty years, having the castle Bobastro as his residence
- Rajah Humabon – first Filipino Sultan convert to Roman Catholicism in the name of Carlos
- Aben Humeya (born Fernando de Valor) – Morisco Chief who was crowned the Emir of Andalusia by his followers and led the Morisco Revolt against Philip II of Spain
- Ubayd-Allah ibn Jahsh – brother of Zaynab bint Jahsh, the wife of Muhammad and one of the male Sahaba (companions of Muhammad)
- Don Juan of Persia (1560–1604) – late 16th- and early 17th-century figure in Iran and Spain; also known as Faisal Nazary; was a native of Iran, who later moved westward; settled in Spain where he became a Roman Catholic
- Jesse of Kakheti – Georgian prince of the Bagrationi dynasty, son of King Leon of Kakheti converted to Islam in the Service of the Safavid dynasty, but returned to Orthodox Christianity after his return to Georgia
- Jesse of Kartli – Georgian prince of the Bagrationi dynasty (from Christianity to Islam back to Christianity)
- Sake Dean Mahomed (born Sheikh Din Muhammad) – Indian traveller, surgeon and entrepreneur who introduced the Indian take-away curry house restaurant in Britain; first Indian to have written a book in the English language; converted to marry Jane Daly, an Irish Protestant, as it was illegal for a non-Protestant to marry a Protestant
- Enrique de Malaca – Malay slave of Ferdinand Magellan, converted to Roman Catholicism after being purchased in 1511
- Abdul Masih – Indian indigenous missionary; ordained Anglican and Lutheran minister; often referred to as the most influential indigenous Christian to shape nineteenth-century Christian missions in India; religious author
- Ahmed ibn Merwan – Seljek Turk lieutenant during the First Crusade. He converted to Christianity sometime after surrendering Antioch to the Crusaders.
- Mizse – last Palatine of King Ladislaus IV of Hungary in 1290; born into a Muslim family in Tolna County in the Kingdom of Hungary; converted to Roman Catholicism
- St. George El Mozahem – Coptic saint
- Aurelius and Natalia (died 852) – Christian martyrs who were put to death during the reign of Abd ar-Rahman II, Emir of Córdoba, and are counted among the Martyrs of Córdoba; Aurelius was the son of a Muslim father and a Christian mother. He was also secretly a follower of Christianity, as was his wife Natalia, who was also the child of a Muslim father.
- Ibrahim Njoya – Bamum king; back and forth conversions from Islam to Christianity
- Nunilo and Alodia – 9th-century sisters recognized as Catholic saints and martyrs in Moorish Spain, executed for apostasy for converting to Christianity
- Qays al-Ghassani – a Christian Arab of the 10 century, from Najran, southern Arabia. He converted to Islam in his youth. He later reverted to Christianity and became a monk. He was tried at Ramla for apostacy but refused to return to Islam and was beheaded.
- Stefan Razvan – Gypsy prince who ruled Moldavia for six months in 1595
- Emily Ruete - Zanzibari princess born as Salama bint Said 
- Omar ibn Said – writer and scholar of Islam, enslaved and deported from present-day Senegal to the United States in 1807, formally converted to Christianity in 1820, though appears to have remained at least partially Muslim.
- Begum Samru – powerful lady of north India, ruling a large area from Sardhana, Uttar Pradesh
- Saint Serapion of Kozheozersky – former Muslim of Tartar ancestry who converted to Christianity and founded the Kozheozersky Monastery in northern Russia
- The Sibirsky family – foremost of many Genghisid (Shaybanid) noble families formerly living in Russia
- Shihab family or alternatively Chehab family – prominent Lebanese noble family; having converted from Sunni Islam, the religion of his predecessors, to Christianity at the end of the 18th century. Descendants were Maronite rulers of the Emirate of Mount Lebanon
- Skanderbeg – Albanian military leader; was forcibly converted to Islam from Christianity, but reverted to Christianity later in life
- Maria Aurora von Spiegel (born Fatima) – Turkish mistress of Augustus II the Strong and the wife of a Polish noble
- Tabaraji of Ternate – Indonesian sultan; converted to Roman Catholicism after 1534 and baptised with the name Dom Manuel
- Casilda of Toledo – daughter of a Muslim king of Toledo (called Almacrin or Almamun); became ill as a young woman and traveled to northern Iberia to partake of the healing waters of the shrine of San Vicente; when she was cured, she was baptized at Burgos; venerated as a saint of the Catholic Church
- Utameshgaray of Kazan – Khan of Kazan Khanate; was forced to convert to Christianity following the Siege of Kazan
- Muley Xeque (Arabic: مولاي الشيخ Mawlay al-Shaykh) – Moroccan prince, born in Marrakech in 1566; exiled in Spain, he converted to Roman Catholicism in Madrid and was known as Philip of Africa or Philip of Austria
- Zaida of Seville – born an Iberian Muslim; when Seville fell to the Almoravids, she fled to the protection of Alfonso VI of Castile, becoming his mistress, converting to Christianity and taking the baptismal name of Isabel
- Zayd Abu Zayd – the last Almohad governor of Valencia, Spain; remained a loyal ally of James I; in 1236 he converted to Roman Catholicism, adopting the name of Vicente Bellvis, a fact which he kept secret until the fall of Valencia
20th and 21st century
- Aslan Abashidze – this former leader of the Ajarian Autonomous Republic in western Georgia was born into a renowned Muslim Ajarian family, but later he converted to Christianity.
- Basuki Abdullah – Indonesian painter; converted to Roman Catholicism
- Saeed Abedini – Iranian-American pastor imprisoned in Iran, Abedini is an American and a former Muslim who converted to Christianity in 2000
- Taysir Abu Saada – this former member of the PLO founded the ministry Hope For Ishmael after he converted to Christianity;Yasir Arafat's personal driver
- Rotimi Adebari – first Black mayor in Ireland
- Inaara Aga Khan – second wife of Aga Khan IV who returned to her Christian faith adopting her birth name "Gabriele" after the completion of their divorce.
- Mehmet Ali Ağca – Turkish assassin who murdered left-wing journalist Abdi İpekçi on 1 February 1979; later shot and wounded Pope John Paul II on 13 May 1981; while in prison in 2007 he claimed to convert to Christianity
- Magdi Allam (baptized as Magdi Cristiano Allam) – Italy's most famous Islamic affairs journalist
- Zachariah Anani – former Sunni Muslim Lebanese militia fighter
- Juan Andrés – name chosen by a Spanish Muslim scholar who converted to Catholicism and wrote a well known polemical work against Islam, the Confusión o confutación de la secta mahomética y del Alcorán
- Matthew Ashimolowo – Nigerian-born British pastor and evangelist
- Asmirandah – Indonesian actress of Dutch descent; converted to Protestantism in December 2013; owes her conversion to an experience of having dreamed three times of Jesus Christ
- Johannes Avetaranian – born Muhammad Shukri Efendi, Christian missionary of Turkish heritage
- Parveen Babi – former Indian actress and an erstwhile fashion model; born in Junagadh, Gujarat to a Muslim family, and later converted to Christianity during the last years of her life, and was baptised in a Protestant Anglican church at Malabar Hill
- Tunde Bakare – Pentecostal pastor and Nigerian politician.
- Josephine Bakhita – Roman Catholic saint from Darfur, Sudan. She was forcibly converted to Islam On 9 January 1890 Bakhita was baptised with the names of Josephine Margaret and Fortunata.
- Sarah Balabagan – Filipina prisoner in the United Arab Emirates, 1994-96
- Fathima Rifqa Bary – American teenager of Sri Lankan descent who drew international attention in 2009 when she ran away from home and claimed that her Muslim parents might kill her for having converted to Christianity
- Sheikh Ahmed Barzani – head of Barzani Tribe in Iraqi Kurdistan and older brother of Mustafa Barzani, Kurdish nationalist leader; announced his conversion to Christianity in 1931 during the anti-government uprising
- Mohammed Christophe Bilek – Algerian former Muslim who lives in France since 1961; baptized Roman Catholic in 1970; in the 1990s, he founded Our Lady of Kabyle, a French website devoted to evangelisation among Muslims
- Francis Bok – Sudanese-American activist, convert to Islam from Christianity; but later returned to his Christian faith
- Jean-Bédel Bokassa – Central African Republic Emperor (from Christianity to Islam back to Christianity)
- Thomas Boni Yayi – Beninese banker and politician who has been President of Benin since 2006; originally from a Muslim family; is now an Evangelical Protestant
- Broery – Indonesian singer (from Christianity to Islam back to Christianity)
- Moussa Dadis Camara – ex-officer of the Guinean army who served as the president of the Republic of Guinea; Roman Catholic Christian convert from Islam
- Rianti Cartwright – Indonesian actress, model, presenter and VJ; two weeks before departure to the United States to get married, she left Islam to become a baptized Catholic with the name Sophia Rianti Rhiannon Cartwright
- Chamillionaire (born Hakeem Seriki) – American rapper
- Djibril Cissé – French international footballer
- Hansen Clarke – U.S. Representative for Michigan's 13th congressional district
- Eldridge Cleaver – initially associated with the Nation of Islam, then Evangelical Christianity, then Mormonism
- Michał Czajkowski – Polish-Cossack writer and political emigre who worked both for the resurrection of Poland and the reestablishment of a Cossack Ukraine
- Justinus Darmojuwono – first Indonesian Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church; served as Archbishop of Semarang from 1963 to 1981, and was elevated to the cardinalate in 1967; converted to Catholicism in 1932
- Nonie Darwish – Egyptian-American writer, human rights activist, critic of Islam, founder of Arabs for Israel, director of Former Muslims United
- Hassan Dehqani-Tafti – first ethnic Persian to become a Christian bishop of Iran since the 7th century and the Islamic conquest of Persia
- Mehdi Dibaj – Iranian Christian convert from Shia Islam, pastor and Christian martyr
- Momolu Dukuly – Liberian politician; became the second foreign minister under William V.S. Tubman
- Daniel Bambang Dwi Byantoro – leader (and Archimandrite) of the Indonesian Orthodox Church
- Bahaa el-Din Ahmed Hussein el-Akkad – Egyptian former Muslim sheikh whose theological discourse with a Christian led him to conduct an intensive study of Christian Scripture, after which he converted to Christianity in January 2005
- Mohammed Elewonibi – Nigerian-Canadian football player
- Soraya Esfandiary-Bakhtiari – second wife and Queen Consort of Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, the late Shah of Iran who converted to Roman Catholicism
- Joseph Fadelle (born Mohammed al-Sayyid al-Moussawi) – Roman Catholic convert from Islam and writer born in 1964 in Iraq to a Shiite family · 
- Rima Fakih – Lebanese-American actress, model, professional wrestler and beauty pageant titleholder; Miss USA 2010; converted to Maronite Christianity
- Donald Fareed – Iranian televangelist and minister
- Hazem Farraj – Palestinian-American writer, minister, and televangelist
- Mark A. Gabriel – Egyptian Islamic scholar and writer
- Daveed Gartenstein-Ross – counter-terrorism expert and attorney (from Judaism to Islam to Christianity)
- Kabeer Gbaja-Biamila – American football defensive end who was drafted by the Green Bay Packers and is currently a free agent
- Fathia Ghali – Egyptian princess and youngest daughter of Fuad I of Egypt and Nazli Sabri
- Ruffa Gutierrez – Filipina actress, model and former beauty queen (from Christianity to Islam back to Christianity)
- Naveed Afzal Haq – Pakistani-American charged for the July 2006 Seattle Jewish Federation shooting; converted to Christianity in December 2005 but reverted to Islam by the time of the shooting
- Tunch Ilkin – former Turkish American football player
- Qadry Ismail – former American football player
- Raghib Ismail – former American football player
- Sabatina James (born 1982) – born in Dhedar, Pakistan; Austrian-Pakistani book author; started a new life in Vienna, changing her name and converting to Catholicism; baptized in 2006
- Esther John – born to a Pakistani Muslim family; converted to Christianity; became a nurse to rural communities in Northern India and was later murdered
- Mario Joseph – born into a Muslim family , he became a notable Imam before the age of 18, but subsequently converted to Catholicism whereupon he was tortured and forced to flee to Europe
- Lina Joy – Malay convert from Islam to Christianity; born Azlina Jailani in 1964 in Malaysia to Muslim parents of Javanese descent; converted at age 26; in 1998, she was baptized, and applied to have her conversion legally recognized by the Malaysian courts
- Alina Kabaeva – Russian gymnast
- Mathieu Kérékou – President of Benin (from Christianity to Islam back to Christianity)
- Chulpan Khamatova – Russian actress
- Emir Kusturica – Serbian and Yugoslavian filmmaker and actor
- Dr. Nur Luke – Uyghur Bible translator
- Fernão Lopes (soldier) – 16th-century Portuguese soldier in India who converted to Roman Catholicism
- Pinkan Mambo (born Pinkan Ratnasari Mambo) – Indonesian singer; converted in 2010; decision taken after admitting she studied various religions of the world and eventually dropped in awe of Jesus Christ
- Fadhma Aït Mansour – mother of French writers Jean Amrouche and Taos Amrouche
- Roy Marten (born Wicasksono Abdul Salam) – Indonesian actor whose family was converted to Roman Catholicism during his childhood but who converted later to Indonesian Orthodoxy in 1997
- Josef Mässrur (born Ghäsim Khan) – missionary to Chinese Turkestan with the Mission Union of Sweden
- Carlos Menem – former President of Argentina; raised a Nusayri but converted to Roman Catholicism, a constitutional requirement for accessing the presidency until 1994
- Archbishop Thomas Luke Msusa – born into a Muslim family; converted to Christianity as a child and later became an archbishop in his home country of Malawi, as well as converting and baptizing his father, a former imam
- Muhsin Muhammad – current American football player for the Carolina Panthers, raised in a Muslim household, later converted to Christianity
- Paul Mulla – Turkish scholar and professor of Islamic Studies at the Pontifical Oriental Institute
- Youcef Nadarkhani – Iranian Christian pastor who has been sentenced to death for apostasy
- Diana Nasution – Indonesian singer, converted to Protestantism after marriage
- Marina Nemat – Canadian author of Iranian descent and former political prisoner of the Iranian government; born into a Christian family, she converted to Islam in order to avoid execution but later reverted to Christianity
- Rashid Nurgaliyev – Russian politician and general convert to Russian Orthodoxy
- Malika Oufkir – Moroccan writer and daughter of General Mohamed Oufkir; she and her siblings are converts from Islam to Catholici; and she writes in her book, Stolen Lives, "we had rejected Islam, which had brought us nothing good, and opted for Catholicism instead". Oyedepo David. A Nigerian petecostal preacher. Born into a Muslim family in Ilorin Kwara State, Nigeria. Doing well in the Pentecostal movement in Nigeria and the world at large
- Shams Pahlavi – Iranian princess and the elder sister of Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, Shah of Iran
- Hamid Pourmand – former Iranian army colonel and lay leader of the Jama'at-e Rabbani, the Iranian branch of the Assemblies of God church in Iran
- Agni Pratistha – Indonesian actress, model and former beauty queen (elected Puteri Indonesia 2006), converted to Catholicism after marriage, although initially denied rumors of conversion
- Nabeel Qureshi – former Ahmadiyya Muslim; converted to Evangelical Christianity in 2005; became an internationally recognized apologist with Ravi Zacharias International Ministries
- Daud Rahbar – Pakistani scholar of Comparative religions, composer, short story writer, translator, philosopher, contributor to inter-civilization dialogue, musicologist, drummer, singer and guitarist
- Abdul Rahman – Afghan convert to Christianity who escaped the death penalty because of foreign pressure
- Brother Rachid – Moroccan Christian convert from Islam; hosts a weekly live call-in show on AL-Hayat channel
- Majeed Rashid Mohammed – Kurdish Christian convert from Islam; established a network with former Kurdish Muslims with about 2,000 members today
- Dewi Rezer – Indonesian model of French descent; converted to Roman Catholicism
- Emily Ruete (born Sayyida Salme) – Princess of Zanzibar and Oman
- Nazli Sabri – Queen consort of Egypt; converted to Catholicism in 1950 and took the name "Mary Elizabeth"
- Kyai Sadrach – Indonesian missionary
- Lukman Sardi – Indonesian actor; converted to Christianity after marriage
- Rev. Manigun Sayed], Muslim convert in Manipur (born in 1965 and converted to Christianity in 1985), from Manipur, India 
- Mohamed Alí Seineldín – former Argentine army colonel who participated in two failed coup attempts against the democratically elected governments of both President Raúl Alfonsín and President Carlos Menem in 1988 and 1990
- Bilquis Sheikh – Pakistani author and Christian missionary
- Walid Shoebat – American author and former member of the PLO
- Nasir Siddiki – Canadian evangelist, author, and business consultant
- Amir Sjarifuddin – Indonesian socialist leader who later became the prime minister of Indonesia during its National Revolution
- James Scurry – British soldier and statesman
- Rudolf Carl von Slatin – Anglo-Austrian soldier and administrator in the Sudan
- Albertus Soegijapranata – born in Surakarta, Dutch East Indies, to a Muslim courtier and his wife who later converted to Catholicism; the first native Indonesian bishop; known for his pro-nationalistic stance, often expressed as "100% Catholic, 100% Indonesian"
- Patrick Sookhdeo – British Anglican canon
- Hakan Taştan and Turan Topal – two Turkish Christian converts who went on trial in 2006, on charges of "allegedly insulting 'Turkishness' and inciting religious hatred against Islam"
- Hary Tanoesoedibjo – Indonesian politician and businessman
- Maria Temryukovna – Circassian princess, and second wife to Ivan IV of Russia; born in a Muslim upbringing; baptised into the Russian Orthodox Church on 21 August 1561
- Aman Tuleyev – Russian governor of Kemerovo Oblast
- Udo Ulfkotte – German journalist who was born a Christian, became an atheist, then converted to Islam and finally converted back to Christianity
- Lyasan Utiasheva – Russian gymnast, convert to Eastern Orthodox Christianity
- Erion Veliaj - Albanian politician, current Mayor of Tirana. Converted to Evangelicalism after contact with missionaries from the United States.
- Julia Volkova – Russian singer and actress best known as a member of the Russian pop duo, t.A.T.u.
- George Weah – Liberian soccer player (from Christianity to Islam back to Christianity)
- Sigi Wimala – Indonesian model and actress, converted to Catholicism after marriage
- Ibrahim Tunggul Wulung – Indonesian evangelist and missionary
- Wu'erkaixi – Uyghur dissident known for his leading role during the Tiananmen protests of 1989
- Mosab Hassan Yousef – son of a Hamas leader
- Ramzi Yousef – Al Qaeda member; the main participant in the 1993 World Trade Center bombing and The Bojinka plot
- Nania Kurniawati Yusuf – Indonesian singer, finalist of the first season of Indonesian Idol, 2004
- Quran 4:89, 9:11-12
- Hadith verses 2:217, 9:73-74, 88:21, 5:54, 9:66
- Johnstone, Patrick; Miller, Duane Alexander (2015). "Believers in Christ from a Muslim Background: A Global Census". Interdisciplinary Journal of Research on Religion. 11: 8. Retrieved 30 October 2015.
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- "5,000 Azerbaijanis adopted Christianity" (in Russian). Day.az. 7 July 2007. Retrieved 30 January 2012.
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Leo Africanus (following his capture by Christians and forced conversion to Christianity
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- Constantine the African, or Constantinus Africanus (medieval medical scholar)
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We know that many of the Moriscos were well acculturated to Christian ways, and that many had even become sincere Roman Catholics.
- Estevanico (aka Estevan, Esteban, Estebanico, Black Stephen, Stephen the Moor)
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- L. P. Harvey, Muslims in Spain, 1500 to 1614: 1500 to 1614, University of Chicago Press, 2005, ISBN 0-226-31963-6, M1 Google Print, pp. 223 Various Christian sources including the Christian historian, Marmol claim that with his dying breath Aben Humeya declared himself a Christian and said that what he had done was in the prosecution of a family feud.
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- Don Juan of Persia: A Shi'ah Catholic
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- Heirs of the Prophets: An account of the clergy and Priests of Islam, Samuel Marinus Zwemer, Moody press, 1946, p. 127 – "There are some examples which could easily be multiplied. Dr. Imad-ud-Din was a leading Sufi and theologian in the Punjaub. He was appointed to preach against Dr. Pfander in the royal mosque at Agra; he read the Scriptures, believed and was baptised, and with another great theologian and Sufi, Safdar Ali, became a missionary to his people. Afterwards he received a doctorate from Oxford University. His baptism took place New Year's Day, 1868, together with his aged father and brother. Other distinguished converts in the Punjab, such as Imam Shah, were also from the clergy."
- http://forgottennewsmakers.com/2013/12/29/sake-dean-mahomed-1759-1851-first-indian-to-publish-a-book-own-a-restaurant-and-do-shampooing-in-england/ SAKE DEAN MAHOMED (1759 – 1851) First Indian to Publish a Book, Own a Restaurant and Do "Shampooing" in England
- http://www.criterion-quarterly.com/sake-dean-mahomet-1759-1851/ Sake Dean Mahomet (1759-1851)
- India in the Time of Dean
- http://www.theawl.com/2012/07/the-slave-who-circumnavigated-the-world The Slave Who Circumnavigated The World
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- https://books.google.com/books?id=oQ8BFk9K0ToC&pg=PA1 Biographical Dictionary of Christian Missions
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 6 October 2014. Retrieved 2 October 2014.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) Abdul Masih (1765 - 1827) An influential indigenous Indian missionary
- Berend, Nora. At the Gate of Christendom: Jews, Muslims and Pagans in Medieval Hungary, c. 1000–c. 1300. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-02720-5.
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- Attwater, Donald and Catherine Rachel John. The Penguin Dictionary of Saints. 3rd edition. New York: Penguin Books, 1993. ISBN 0-14-051312-4.
- "African Studies Quarterly". Africa.ufl.edu. Retrieved 16 February 2012.
- Obscure text, illuminating conversation: reading The Martyrdom of 'Abd al-Masih (Qays al-Ghassani).
- Istoria şi tradiţiile minorităţii rromani, p.28, 2005, Sigma, Bucharest, Delia Grigore, Petre Petcuţ and Mariana Sandu – "Born to a Rom Muslim slave father and a free Romanian Christian mother, Razvan converted to Christianity, thereby, attracting the wrath of the Ottomans."
- Emily Ruete, ¨Memoirs of an Arabian Princess from Zanzibar¨, 1888
- The Indian Mutiny and the British Imagination by Gautam Chakravarty · Cambridge, 242 pp ISBN 0-521-83274-8
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