From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Kareem Abdul-Jabbar (Lew Alcindor) – retired basketball player & the NBA's all-time leading scorer. He converted from Christianity to [1 ] The Nation of Islam and then to mainstream Sunni Islam.
Jamaal Abdul-Lateef - American basketball player previously known as Jackson Keith Wilkes. [2 ]
Johari Abdul-Malik - a convert from New York. [3 ]
Mahmoud Abdul-Rauf (Chris Jackson) – retired basketball player who used to play in the NBA. [4 ] [5 ]
Tariq Abdul-Wahad (Olivier Saint-Jean) – originally from France, former basketball player for the Mavericks and Kings. Abdul-Wahad was the first person to be raised in France who played for the NBA. [6 ]
Thomas J. Abercrombie – photographer. Abercrombie was a senior staff writer for the . National Geographic [7 ]
Éric Abidal (changed his name to Bilal) – French football player, converted to Islam after marriage. [8 ]
Ivan Aguéli (Johan Agelii) – Swedish painter. [9 ] [10 ]
Akhenaton – French rapper and producer of French hip hop. Born with the name Philippe Fragiane, he eventually would convert from Catholicism to Islam. [11 ]
Abdul-Karim al-Jabbar (Sharmon Shah) – former NFL player. Al-Jabbar played for the Miami Dolphins from 1996-2000. [12 ]
Al-Najashi - an African emperor. [13 ]
Nicolas Anelka - Football player. [14 ]
Sana al-Sayegh, Dean of the Science and Technology Faculty at Palestine International University, converted to Islam in August 2007. [15 ]
Muhammad Ali (born Cassius Marcellus Clay, Jr.; 17 January 1942), from Baptist [16 ] to [17 ] The Nation of Islam to Sunni Islam. Famous American professional boxer (3 time world heavyweight champion), philanthropist and social activist. [18 ]
Rowland Allanson-Winn, 5th Baron Headley – British soldier and peer. [19 ] [20 ]
Ryan G. Anderson – former Lutheran, convicted of charges of espionage for Al Qaeda [21 ] [22 ]
Vladimir Arutyunian - - failed assassin of George W Bush, converted to Islam in prison after the failed assassination. [23 ]
Farqad as-Sabakhi – Armenian Islamic preacher who was formerly a Christian known for his knowledge of [24 ] Judeo-Christian scriptures. [25 ]
Aminah Assilmi - an American broadcast journalist formerly known as Janice Huff. [26 ]
Kristiane Backer – a German television presenter, television journalist and author residing in London. [27 ]
Yasin Abu Bakr (Lennox Philip) – of Trinidad and Tobago. Yasin Abu Bakr was a former policeman who converted while in Canada. [28 ] [29 ]
Muhammad Abd-al-Rahman Barker (Philip Barker) – professor of Urdu, former chair of the University of Minnesota's Department of South Asian studies and creator of the Tékumel fantasy world. [30 ]
Lauren Booth - Sister-in-law of Tony Blair and English broadcaster who converted to Islam in 2010. [31 ] [32 ]
Abdullah Beg of Kartli – Georgian convert to Islam. Beg served as a viceroy of Kartli for the Iranian Shah, Nadir in 1737. who was a claimant to the kingship of [33 ] Kartli.
David Belfield – American, fled to Iran after assassinating Ali Akbar Tabatabai, an Iranian dissident.
Józef Bem – Polish and Hungarian general. Bem has been historically defined as a national hero within Poland and Hungary. He escaped to the Ottoman Empire where he converted to Islam and took up the name, Murad Pasha. [35 ]
Maurice Béjart -French convert. [36 ]
Mohammed Knut Bernström – Swedish ambassador to Venezuela (1963–1969), Spain (1973–1976) and Morocco (1976–1983) who converted to Islam in 1986. [37 ]
Bowe Bergdahl - a soldier of the United States army. [38 ]
Ibrahim Bey – an Egyptian Mamluk of Georgian Christian origins. [39 ]
Ezell Blair Jr. - a civil-rights activist and a member of the Greensboro Four. He challenged policies aimed at denying service to non-whites. He converted to Islam and is known as Jibreel Khazan. [40 ]
Art Blakey – American Jazz musician [41 ]
Danny Blum - a German footballer. [42 ]
Wojciech Bobowski – raised Protestant, he was a Polish musician and translator of the Bible into Ottoman Turkish. [43 ]
Omar Bongo – Gabonese, President of Gabon. [44 ]
Claude Alexandre de Bonneval or Humbaracı Ahmet Paşa was an 18th-century French nobleman. [45 ]
Tawana Brawley (Maryam Muhammad) – African American woman noted for claiming to have been raped by several white men, a claim determined by a grand jury to be a fabrication. Later in life she converted to Islam. [46 ] [47 ] [48 ]
Willie Brigitte – French convert to Islam who associated with al-Qaeda in Pakistan and was possibly involved in a plot to conduct a terrorist operation in Australia. [49 ]
Mahdi Bray - a civil rights and human rights activist. [50 ]
Lauder Brunton - a Scottish physician and baronet. [51 ] [52 ]
Johann Ludwig Burckhardt was a Swiss traveller and orientalist. [53 ]
Titus Burckhardt - Also known as Ibrahim Izz al-Din, was a Swiss convert to Islam. [54 ]
Torquato Cardilli – Italian ambassador, converted from Catholicism. Cardilli served as ambassador to Italy in Albania (1991), Tanzania (1993), Saudi Arabia (2000) and Angola (2005). [55 ]
André Carson – former Baptist, second [56 ] Muslim to serve the United States Congress. [57 ]
Count Cassius- Visigothic aristocrat who founded the Banu Qasi dynasty of Muladi rulers. [58 ]
Cat Stevens, now known as Yusuf Islam (born Steven Demetre Georgiou; 21 July 1948), British singer-songwriter, multi-instrumentalist, humanitarian, education philanthropist, and prominent convert to Islam. [59 ]
Marion Caunter - Disk jockey born in Malaysia. [60 ]
Dave Chappelle – comedian and television star [61 ]
Benjamin Chavis – controversial former head of the NAACP; joined the Nation of Islam.
Ashley Chin - English actor, screenwriter, spoken word performance poet and former rapper. [62 ]
Chrisye – Indonesian singer. He changed his birth name to Chrismansyah Rahadi from Christian Rahadi.
Hedley Churchward – English painter [64 ]
Zainab Cobbold - formerly known as Evelyn Cobbold, she changed her name to Zainab Cobbold. Zainab was a Scottish noblewoman who performed the Hajj in 1933. [65 ]
Aukai Collins – fought in Chechnya, paid FBI informant, author of an autobiographical book [66 ]
Jerôme Courtailler – one of two French brothers convicted by French authorities in 2004 for abetting terrorists [67 ] [68 ] [69 ]
Robert D. Crane – former adviser to President Richard Nixon and former Deputy Director (for Planning) of the U.S. National Security Council. [70 ]
Isabelle Eberhardt – from Lutheran Christianity, 19th-century explorer and writer [78 ]
Abdullah el-Faisal – a Muslim cleric who preached in the United Kingdom until he was convicted of stirring up racial hatred and urging his followers to murder Jews, Hindus, Christians, and Americans. [79 ] [80 ]
Wadih el-Hage, former Al-Qaeda member who was convicted for his part in the 1998 United States embassy bombings. [81 ]
Nathan Ellington – English football player [82 ]
C. Jack Ellis – Mayor of Macon, Georgia [83 ]
Keith Ellison – American, Representative from Minnesota's 5th congressional district, first Muslim to be elected to the United States Congress, converted from Catholicism [84 ]
Elpidius (rebel) - Byzantine aristocrat and governor of Sicily. [85 ]
Yahiya Emerick – American Muslim scholar, President of the Islamic Foundation of North America, converted from Protestantism. [86 ]
Erekle I of Kakheti – Georgian convert to Islam who ruled the kingdoms of [87 ] Kakheti and Kartli.
Yusuf Estes – Former preacher and federal prison chaplain, converted from Protestantism. [88 ]
Chris Eubank – British boxer [89 ]
Everlast - Rapper from the Irish-American hip-hop group House of Pain, converted from Catholicism. [90 ]
Gazi Evrenos - a Byzantine convert to Islam. [91 ]
Emeka Ezeugo – is a former Nigerian football defender and midfielder played in 1994 World Cup. [92 ]
Robin Padilla – Filipino actor. [177 ]
Naledi Pandor - the Minister of Science and Technology for South Africa, Pandor converted to Islam and is married to a Muslim man. [178 ]
Wayne Parnell – South African cricketer converted to Islam in January 2011. [179 ]
Hersekzade Ahmed Pasha – born to a Christian Croatian [180 ]
Pargalı Ibrahim Pasha - An Ottoman Grand Vizier. [181 ]
Koca Yusuf Pasha – a Georgian Grand Vizier of the Ottoman Empire who also served as the governor of Peloponnese. [182 ]
Damat Hasan Pasha - an Ottoman Grand Vizier. [183 ]
Mehmed Ali Pasha (marshal) - German-born Chief of Staff of the Ottoman Army. [184 ]
Moralı Enişte Hasan Pasha – Greek Ottoman Grand Vizier. [185 ]
Judar Pasha – conqueror of the Songhai Empire. [186 ]
Omar Pasha – Ottoman general who converted from Serbian Orthodoxy. [187 ]
Raghib Pasha – was a Greek Ottoman politician who served as Prime Minister of Egypt and who converted to Islam from Christianity. [188 ] [189 ]
Suleiman Pasha – French-born Egyptian commander. [190 ]
Zağanos Pasha – one of the prominent military commanders of Mehmet II (Mehmet the Conqueror) and a lala, at once an advisor, mentor, tutor, councillor, protector, for the sultan. [191 ]
St. John Philby – Arabist, explorer, writer, and British colonial office intelligence operative; converted from Anglicanism. [192 ]
Bilal Philips – Islamic scholar and author [193 ]
Marmaduke Pickthall – famous translator of the Quran. [194 ]
Mauro Poggia - a Swiss-Italian convert. He is a politician and a lawyer and a member of the Geneva Citizens' Movement. [195 ]
Vyacheslav Polosin - Russian academic and former priest of the Russian Orthodox Church. [196 ]
Sean Price - an American rapper who converted in 2009. [197 ]
Poncke Princen – Dutch soldier and human rights activist who converted from Catholicism. [198 ]
Salman the Persian - convert from Christianity who was previously Zoroastrian. [211 ]
Ahmed Santos – Filipino, fugitive, founder of the Rajah Solaiman Movement converted from Catholicism [212 ] [213 ] [214 ]
Ratna Sarumpaet, Indonesian stagewright, director, and actress [215 ]
Brad Terrence Jordan ("Scarface") – American rapper. [216 ] [217 ]
Mario Scialoja – Italian ambassador and President of the World Muslim League. [218 ]
Betty Shabazz – wife of Malcolm X; former Methodist. [219 ]
Zaid Shakir – American Muslim convert former Baptist to Sunni Islam, speaker, intellectual, author, Islamic scholar, and co-founder of Zaytuna College in the United States. [220 ] [221 ]
Omar Sharif – Egyptian actor who converted from Catholicism. [222 ] [223 ]
Ahmad Faris Shidyaq – Lebanese scholar, writer and journalist who was a Maronite convert to Islam. [224 ]
Mimar Sinan - A famous Ottoman architect who converted to Islam and trained as an officer of the Janissary corps. [225 ]
Anthony Small – professional boxer [226 ]
Henry Stanley, 3rd Baron Stanley of Alderley - British convert. [227 ]
Sean Stone – Son of Oliver Stone and documentary producer. [228 ]
Daniel Streich – Swiss military instructor, community council member and a former member of Swiss People's Party who led the campaign for the national ban on the construction of new minarets. [229 ]
Kösem Sultan - powerful and influential woman in the Ottoman Empire. [230 ] [231 ]
Handan Sultan - mother of Ottoman sultan Ahmed I. [232 ]
Siraj Wahaj – Former Baptist. African-American Imam, noted for his efforts to eliminate [250 ] Brooklyn's drug problems. [251 ]
Jack Ward - English pirate and inspiration for captain Jack Sparrow from the movie Pirates of the Caribbean. [252 ]
Alexander Russell Webb – Former Presbyterian. American journalist, newspaper owner, and former Consul-General of the U.S.A. in the Philippines. [253 ] [254 ] [255 ]
Suhaib Webb – American Islamic activist and speaker. [256 ]
Dawud Wharnsby (David Wharnsby) – Canadian singer/poet. [257 ] [258 ]
John Whitehead – American singer, songwriter, and record producer. [259 ]
Danny Williams – British boxer [260 ]
Sonny Bill Williams – New Zealand Rugby Union Rep player (All Blacks) and NZ representative Rugby League player (Kiwis), [261 ]
G. Willow Wilson - An American comics writer, prose author, essayist, and journalist. [262 ]
Timothy Winter – British Islamic scholar, and a lecturer in Islamic studies in the Faculty of Divinity at the University of Cambridge. [263 ]
See also [ edit ]
References [ edit ]
^ "NY Times Archived Short Book Review of ''Giant Steps'' by Kareem Abdul-Jabbar and Peter Knobler". New York Times. 29 January 1984 . Retrieved . 7 April 2010
^ "Wilkes Wants Name Changed to Jamaal Abdul-Lateef". Daytona Beach Morning Journal. Associated Press. July 26, 1975 . Retrieved . March 29, 2012
^ William Wan, Imam serves as public face of an embattled mosque
^ " MAHMOUD ABDUL-RAUF'S SUSPENSION FOR REFUSING TO STAND FOR THE NATIONAL ANTHEM: A "FREE THROW" FOR THE NBA AND DENVER NUGGETS, OR A "SLAM DUNK" VIOLATION OF ABDUL-RAUF'S TITLE VII RIGHTS?" Washington University Law Quarterly.
^ The Conversion of Chris Jackson
^ "Tariq Abdul-Wahad Bio". NBA.com . Retrieved . 7 April 2010
^ Interview at Bayweekly "Q: Am I right that you became a Moslem in the mid-1960s? Answer: I think it was '65 or '66."
^ "Abidal become Muslim with a name Bilal". Internetspor.com. Archived from the original on 24 February 2008 . Retrieved . 7 April 2010
^ Roald, Anne Sofie (2004). New Muslims in the European Context: The Experience of Scandinavian Converts . Brill Publishers. pg.28
^ Aguéli Museum states "He changed his name to Ivan Aguéli. Later he converted to Islam."
^ Global Noise, By Tony Mitchell, pg. 72
^ "NBA great Kareem Abdul-Jabbar wants NFL player to stop using name — the former Sharmon Shah, Miami Dolphin running back being sued by former basketball player" Jet Online. 1 December 1997. Johnson Publishing Co.
^ Hagai Erlikh, , p. 28 The Cross and the River: Ethiopia, Egypt, and the Nile
^ Nabila Ramdani, Nicolas Anelka talks football, discrimination, and his Islamic faith
^ Khaled Abou Toameh. "Hamas forced professor to convert." . 5 August 2007. Jerusalem Post
^ On the Other Side of Oddville By Dwight A. Moody, Ike Moody, pg. 122
^ Muhammad Ali & Company By Thomas Hauser, pg. 18
^ Interview by Deborah Caldwell. "Muhammad Ali has embraced Sufi Islam and is on a new spiritual quest". Beliefnet.com . Retrieved . 7 April 2010
^ History of the London Central Mosque and the Islamic Cultural Centre 1910–1980, A. L. Tibawi, Die Welt des Islams, New Ser., Bd. 21, Nr. 1/4 (1981), pp. 193–208
^ , p. 130 Loyal Enemies: British Converts to Islam, 1850-1950
^ "Ryan Anderson convicted". The Niqabi Paralegal. 3 September 2004 . Retrieved . 7 April 2010
^ Font size Print E-mail Share By Lauren Johnston (2 September 2004). "Soldier Guilty of Al Qaeda Aid, Spc Anderson Convicted of Trying To Give Terrorists Info". CBS News . Retrieved . 7 April 2010
^ Giant leap of faith for failed Bush assassin
^ Historical dictionary of Sufism By John Renard, pg. 87
^ Islamic mysticism: a short history, pg. 14
^ Aminah Assilmi, Ex-Christian, USA
^ "Former German MTV host promotes Islam with new autobiography" . Retrieved . 11 November 2013
^ , Your Daily Muslim Your Daily Muslim: Yasin Abu Bakr
^ , BBC, Trinidad marks 1990 coup attempt Led by Yasin Abu Bakr, Afro-Trinidadian convert to Islam
^ Gary Fine, Shared Fantasy: Role Playing Games As Social Worlds, University of Chicago Press (Chicago, IL), 1983. Reprinted in 2002.
^ Lauren Booth, Lauren Booth: I'm now a Muslim. Why all the shock and horror?
^ Paul Bentley, , Daily Mail 'Grown men look like they want to hit me': Tony Blair's Muslim convert sister-in-law Lauren Booth speaks of her fear in wake of Lee Rigby killing
^ The making of the Georgian nation By Ronald Grigor Suny, pg.56
^ Silverman, Ira (7 January 2009). "Annals of Crime: An American Terrorist". The New Yorker . Retrieved . 2 January 2010
^ The Islamic World and the West, Christoph Marcinkowski, pg. 99
^ , Mediterranean Memory Bejart and Islam
^ Roald, Anne Sofie (2004). New Muslims in the European Context: The Experience of Scandinavian Converts . Brill Publishers. pg.130
^ Ezzat El Kamhaw, , p. 163 House of the Wolf: An Egyptian Novel
^ Charles E. Cobb, , p. 155 This Nonviolent Stuff'll Get You Killed
^ Art Blakey official site In 1948, Art told reporters he had visited Africa, where he learned polyrhythmic drumming and was introduced to Islam, taking the name Abdullah Ibn Buhaina.
^ , The News Tribe German footballer Danny Blum converted to Islam
^ Subjects of the Sultan: culture and daily life in the Ottoman Empire By Suraiya Faroqhi, pg. 92–93
^ "Bongo's 40 years of ruling Gabon" BBC News, 28 November 2007. Retrieved 8 February 2008.
^ Related Articles. "Claude Alexandre, Comte de Bonneval, or Humbaraci Ahmed Pasa (French noble) – Britannica Online Encyclopedia". Britannica.com . Retrieved . 7 April 2010
^ "Pagones v. Maddox et al". Nycourts.gov . Retrieved . 7 April 2010
^ "court TV becomes truTV". Courttv.com . Retrieved . 2 January 2010
^ Pipes, Daniel (7 March 2006). "If Michael Jackson Converts to Islam". Cybercast News Service. Archived from the original on 17 March 2006.
^ Brigitte terrorism trial nears ABC News
^ Mahdi Bray,Executive Director, Muslim-American Society Freedom Foundation (PDF)
^ Ron Geaves, , p. 269 Islam in Victorian Britain: The Life and Times of Abdullah Quilliam
^ M. Sıddık Gümüş, Why did they become muslims?
^ Catherine Cossy (2013-01-27). "A Real-Life Indiana Jones Who Converted To Islam And Discovered An Ancient City". Catherine Cossy. LE TEMPS. p. 1 . Retrieved . January 28, 2013
^ . Routledge. 2007. Making Art History
^ [Rome's Envoy to Saudi Arabia Converts to Islam by Luke Baker, CNN, 26 November 2001]
^ "Islam Convert seeks a seat in Congress". Washingtontimes.com. 16 February 2008 . Retrieved . 7 April 2010
^ "Catching up: Indiana's Carson will replace his grandmother in Congress". Blogs.usatoday.com . Retrieved . 7 April 2010
^ Banu Kasi, Casius, Kasi and Qasi in the Spanish-language Auñamendi Encyclopedia.
^ Yusuf Islam
^ Bella Enveeus, Marion Caunter & SM Nasarudin are no longer available
^ May. 15, 2005 (15 May 2005). "On the Beach With Dave Chappelle". TIME . Retrieved . 7 April 2010
^ Muslim Belal
^ "Famous London Muslims". Masud.co.uk. 10 December 1953 . Retrieved . 7 April 2010
^ Facey, William (2008). "Mayfair to Makkah", Saudi Aramco World, Vol. 59, No. 5, pages 18-23.
^ a b c "Al Qaeda exploits 'blue-eyed' Muslim converts". Financialexpress.com. 15 October 2005 . Retrieved . 7 April 2010
^ Embassy plot offers insight into terrorist recruitment, training – The Advocate
^ Guest CV – Dr. Robert (Farooq) D. Crane, Islam Online
^ Some Historical Events of the Muslim World
^ Arnoud van Doorn: from anti-Islamic film-maker to hajj pilgrim
^ The Collected Works by Ian Dallas, Budgate Press, 2005, ISBN 0-620-34379-6
^ Von Michael Scharenberg (November 11, 2009). "Muslime in Uniform: Sicherheits-Risiko für unsere Armee? - Schweiz - News - Blick.ch" (in German). Blicko . Retrieved . December 23, 2010
^ Nigeria's oil militant
^ Lewis, Dominic Bevan Wyndham (1931). Charles of Europe. Coward-McCann. pp. 174–175. OCLC 485792029. A new star was now rising in the piratical firmament, Barbarossa's lieutenant Dragut-Reis, a Greek who had been taken prisoner by the corsairs in his youth and had turned Mahometan.
^ "Isabelle Eberhardt: Explorer". Enchantedlearning.com. 21 October 1904 . Retrieved . 7 April 2010
^ "Muslim cleric guilty of soliciting murder". Special report: Race in the UK (London: The Guardian). 4 February 2003. Archived from the original on 19 December 2007 . Retrieved . 23 December 2007
^ , p. 130, Paul Gilroy, Postcolonial melancholia Columbia University Press, 2005, ISBN 978-0-231-13454-5. Retrieved 9 January 2010.
^ Whitlock, Craig (15 September 2007). "Converts To Islam Move Up In Cells". The Washington Post.
^ Ellington gets off to a fast start
^ CNN: Macon, Georgia, mayor converts to Islam
^ Keith Ellison for U.S. Congress
^ Youval Rotman, Jane Marie Todd, , President and Fellows of Harvard College, p. 41, Byzantine Slavery and the Mediterranean World Hence, for example, Theophanes tells how Elpidios, the strategos of Sicily, took refuge in Africa, without mentioning his conversion to Islam.
^ "How Did You Accept Islam? by Yahiya Emerick". Islamfortoday.com . Retrieved . 7 April 2010
^ Islamic desk reference By E. J. van Donzel, pg.111
^ Elizabeth Omara-Otunnu (17 November 2003). "Ramadan Awareness Event Designed To Debunk Negative Images". Advance, University of Connecticut.
^ Haldenby, Andrew (1 August 2005). "Lengthy queue to join religion that offers 'sense of direction. London: Telegraph.co.uk '" . Retrieved . 7 April 2010
^ "Being Muslim One Day at a Time by Adisa Banjoko". Uga.edu . Retrieved . 2010-01-02
^ Erik J. Zurcher, , p. 310 The Young Turk Legacy and Nation Building
^ Emeka converts to Islam
^ , bladi.net Mort de Mehdi Faria, ancien entraîneur de l’équipe du Maroc de Football
^ Islamic Sufism Unbound: Politics and Piety in Twenty-First Century Pakistan By Robert Rozehnal, pg.60
^ , eramuslim Para Pemain Sepak Bola Mualaf, Mereka Menemukan Kedamaian Saat Ibadah
^ The Moslem World, Volume 58, pg.63, Samuel Marinus Zwemer, Christian Literature Society for India, Hartford Seminary Foundation, Published for the Nile Mission Press by the Christian Literature Society for India, 1911
^ The complete idiot's guide to the Crusades By Paul L. Williams, pg. 73
^ "Myriam Francois Cerrah, Oxford University DPhil student in Middle East Politics, and regular contributor on current affairs, embraced Islam in 2003 aged 21". http://www.emel.com/ . Retrieved . 16 December 2014
^ A Cold By Marin Sorescu, Published 1978, p.16
^ "Al-Qaeda's New Leadership: Adam Gadahn". The Washington Post.
^ "Islamic Arabic Heritage: Connection between Past and Present". . Ministry of Awqaf and Islamic Affairs - Kuwait http://www.islam.gov.kw . Retrieved . 17 June 2012
^ Ramdane Belamri, French rapper stuns fans, makes first TV appearance wearing hijab
^ The Crusade in the Later Middle Ages A. S. Atiya p.256 ff
^ , Biography of Cristian Gonzales Then right on 9th October 2003 Christian Gonzales decided to convert to Islam on the basis of their own accord in the presence of the Great Mosque cleric Mustafa al Akbar Surabaya
^ Bill Bole, , John Coltrane His cousin Mary's first husband, Charles Greenlee, had been a devout disciple...
^ Rédigé par Amara Bamba, Docteur Philippe Grenier
^ Conversion: Islam, the growing religion
^ Elliott, Andrea (27 January 2010). "The Jihadist Next Door". New York Times Magazine . Retrieved . 28 January 2010
^ Mehmet Kaplan, Tevfik Fikret: Devir- Şahsiyet- Eser, Dergâh Yayınları, 1987, p. 63., (Turkish) "Ana tarafına gelince: Fikret'in annesi Hatice Refia Hanım, annesi ve babası ihtida etmiş bir Sakızlı Rum ailesinden"
^ "MyFox Colorado Being Muslim in The Big Leagues". Myfoxcolorado.com . Retrieved . 7 April 2010
^ "Here's Hoping". Emel: Muslim Lifestyle. 28 September 2011 . Retrieved . 28 September 2011
^ About Muhammad Robert Heft
^ ’ Journey to Islam – Diary of a German Diplomat’ by Murad Hoffman
^ Steve Bunce (11 November 2001). "Ex-champion Naseem Hamed's comeback battle Special reports | The Observer". London: Observer.guardian.co.uk . Retrieved . 7 April 2010
^ 27 Indonesian Celebrities Who Prefer So Converts
^ "About me". Silma. Push-Button Publishing. 2007 . Retrieved . 26 September 2007
^ Maverick Guide to Morocco by Susan Searight p.171
^ "Rex Ingram Embracing Mohammedan Faith; Announces Abandoning Motion-Picture Field", New York Times, 2 July 1933;
^ Sheila Musaji, Interview with Prof. T. B. Irving
^ Bahru Zewde, A History of Modern Ethiopia (London: James Currey, 1991), p. 121.
^ a b The importance of being Gauhar Jan The Tribune, 26 May 2002.
^ A history of Arabic literature By Clément Huart, pg.311
^ Jermaine Jackson (I) – Biography
^ "Ice Cube on Islam". London: Guardian.co.uk. February 25, 2000 . Retrieved . November 15, 2008
^ . Putting a good glossy on the Muslim lifestyle Times
^ Moynihan, Colin (20 July 2010). "Abdul Kadir Denies Role in Kennedy Airport Plot". The New York Times.
^ , p. 14 The Muslim World League Journal - Volume 9
^ Keller, Nu Ha Mim. . Becoming Muslim
^ , Darussalam, p. 283 Why Women are Accepting Islam
^ Shah ʹAbbas & the arts of Isfahan, by Anthony Welch, pg. 17
^ The Iranian constitutional revolution, 1906–1911, by Janet Afary, pg. 26
^ Marc O'Sullivan, Artist Kingerlee bewitched by the beauty of Beara
^ Logged in as click here to log out (19 March 2007). "Comment is free Punk Muslims". London: Commentisfree.guardian.co.uk . Retrieved . 7 April 2010
^ In memory of Linda Jamilah Kolocotronis
^ Norwich, John Julius (1996). Byzantium: The Decline and Fall. New York: Alfred A. Knopf. pp. 81–82. ISBN 0-679-41650-1.
^ O city of Byzantium: annals of Niketas Choniatēs By Nicetas Choniates, Harry J. Magoulias, pg. xxiv
^ Dr. Jeffrey Lang (Abdul-Ahad Omar)
^ , The Guardian Muslim convert Colleen LaRose, aka Jihad Jane, faces terror charges
^ von Leers, Johann, "German Propaganda Archive – The End of Jewish Migration", Calvin College
^ Faith and sword: a short history of Christian-Muslim conflict By Alan G. Jamieson, pg.32
^ Brown, David (29 February 2012). ". 'I just wanted to marry a Muslim and settle down '" (London). p. 6 The Times . Retrieved . 29 September 2013 (subscription required)
^ Tage Lindbom
^ Western white woman a suicide bomber – World – Times Online
^ ICT – International Institute for Counter-Terrorism
^ "Transcript of John Ashcroft – February 5, 2002". Transcripts.cnn.com. 5 February 2002 . Retrieved . 7 April 2010
^ Litvinenko converted to Islam, father says – Times Online
^ "Litvinenko's Father Says Son Requested Muslim Burial – RADIO FREE EUROPE / RADIO LIBERTY". Rferl.org. 5 December 2006 . Retrieved . 7 April 2010
^ Rapper star Loon converts to Islam MPACUK (15 July 2009). Retrieved on 2009-08-09.
^ Yvette Christianse, , Castaway ..Lopez and others had converted to Islam and sided with Moslem resistance to the Portuguese.
^ Islamic art and architecture 650–1250 By Richard Ettinghausen, Oleg Grabar, Marilyn Jenkins, pg, 134
^ "Vinnie Paz". Philaflava.com . Retrieved . 7 April 2010
^ Cindy George (20 June 2007). "Houston man gets 10 years for al-Qaida training". Houston Chronicle.
^ "Ruqaiyyah Waris Maqsood Dawah Theology Islam". Ruqaiyyah.karoo.net . Retrieved . 7 April 2010
^ MSBC Article's title says "Raised Catholic, this Muslim professor is bringing the moderate viewpoint to the world."
^ Former Miss SA embraces Islam in Gaza
^ "The history of new Muslims". Media ISNET . Retrieved . 17 March 2007
^ Hughes, Rob (31 July 2002). "SOCCER : Metsu's magic ride ends". International Herald Tribune . Retrieved . 7 April 2010
^ The Last Great Muslim Empires, By H. J. Kissling, Bertold Spuler, F. R. C. Bagley, pg.3
^ American studies in altaic linguistics, By Denis Sinor, pg.5
^ Assassin!: The Deadly Art of the Cult of the Assassins By Haha Lung, pg. 29
^ Another Indian Actress Converts to Islam, quits films
^ Idris Muhammad, Drummer Who Crossed Genre Lines
^ Christian and Muslim comics show believers that faith sometimes is best shared through laughter – especially when it's at themselves
^ “Allah Made Me Funny!” – A Popular Muslim-American Comedy. IslamOnline.net
^ Matthew Saad Muhammad
^ "Peter Murphy". Nndb.com . Retrieved . 7 April 2010
^ UU site
^ From the projects to the Capitol, part two
^ "Religion & Ethics – Islam in the UK (1500s-present): Before the 20th century". BBC. 7 September 2009 . Retrieved . 7 April 2010
^ Lessing's theological writings: selections in translation By Gotthold Ephraim Lessing, Henry Chadwick, pg.12
^ "Tech N9ne: Deeper Than Rap". HipHopDX. 16 November 2009 . Retrieved . 5 October 2012
^ Alizadeh, Saeed; Alireza Pahlavani; Ali Sadrnia. Iran: A Chronological History. p. 137.
^ H. J. Kissling, Bertold Spuler, N. Barbour, J. S. Trimingham, H. Braun, H. Hartel, , p. 118 The Last Great Muslim Empires
^ "Robin Padilla opens school for Muslim kids". Showbizandstyle.inquirer.net . Retrieved . 7 April 2010
^ , Youth Village 10 Things you don't know about Naledi Pandor
^ Statement sent on Behalf of Wayne Parnell Cricket South Africa
^ Klemenčić, Mladen (1993). A Concise atlas of the Republic of Croatia & of the Republic of Bosnia and Hercegovina. Michigan: Miroslav Krleža Lexicographical Institute (original from University of Michigan Press). p. 88.
^ Walter G. Andrews, Najaat Black, Mehmet Kalpaklı. University of Washington Press, 2006. Ottoman lyric poetry: an anthology. ISBN 978-0-295-98595-4, p. 230.
^ The decline and fall of the Ottoman Empire By Alan Palmer, pg. 52
^ Evg Radushev, Svetlana Ivanova, Rumen Kovachev - Narodna biblioteka "Sv. sv. Kiril i Metodiĭ. Orientalski otdel, International Centre for Minority Studies and Intercultural Relations, Research Centre for Islamic History, Art, and Culture (2003). Inventory of Ottoman Turkish documents about Waqf preserved in the Oriental Department at the St. St. Cyril and Methodius National Library. Narodna biblioteka "Sv. sv. Kiril i Metodiĭ. p. 224. ISBN 954-523-072-X. Hasan Pasa (Damad-i- Padisahi), Greek convert from Morea.
^ George Gawrych, , p. 49, The Crescent and the Eagle: Ottoman Rule, Islam and the Albanians, 1874-1913 ..Marshal Mehmed Ali Pasa (1827-78), originally a German named Karl Detroit who had come to Istanbul at the age of fifteen and converted to Islam.
^ Evg Radushev, Svetlana Ivanova, Rumen Kovachev – Narodna biblioteka "Sv. sv. Kiril i Metodiĭ. Orientalski otdel, International Centre for Minority Studies and Intercultural Relations, Research Centre for Islamic History, Art, and Culture (2003). Inventory of Ottoman Turkish documents about Waqf preserved in the Oriental Department at the St. St. Cyril and Methodius National Library. Narodna biblioteka "Sv. sv. Kiril i Metodiĭ. p. 224. ISBN 954523072X. Hasan Pasa (Damad-i- Padisahi), Greek convert from Morea.
^ Davidson, Basil. Africa in History. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1995.
^ Ethnicity, Cultural Discontinuity and Power Brokers in Northern Iraq: The Case of the Shabak .Amal Vinogradov. American Ethnologist, Vol. 1, No. 1 (Feb. 1974), pp. 207–218
^ Mohamed, Duse (1911). In the land of the pharaohs: a short history of Egypt from the fall of Ismail to the assassination of Boutros Pasha. D. Appleton and company. p. xii. OCLC 301095947. PRIME MINISTERS * Ragheb Pasha was Prime Minister from July 12, 1882
^ Schölch, Alexander (1981). Egypt for the Egyptians!: the socio-political crisis in Egypt, 1878–1882. Ithaca Press. p. 326. ISBN 0903729822. Isma'il Raghib was born in Greece in 1819; the sources differ over his homeland. After first being kidnapped to Anatolia, he was brought as a slave to Egypt in 1246 (1830/1), by Ibrahim Pasha, and there he was 'converted' from Christianity
^ Paul Sève. "Biographie". Soliman-pacha.ifrance.com . Retrieved . 7 April 2010
^ The Genoese in Galata: 1453–1682, Louis Mitler, International Journal of Middle East Studies, Vol. 10, No. (Feb. 1979), pp. 71–91.
^ Philby, H. Saint John. Encyclopædia Britannica. 2007. Encyclopædia Britannica Online. 2 July 2007.
^ "Dr.Bilal Philips' Official website". Bilalphilips.com . Retrieved . 7 April 2010
^ Islamic Studies : A Research Guide
^ "Me Mauro Poggia ou la course en tandem du battant solitaire". . 3 November 2009 Tribune de Genève . Retrieved . 29 October 2011
^ Russian Archpriest Viacheslav Polosin Converts to Islam
^ Sean Price Interviews Scarface: They Discuss Religion, Emceeing & Ultimate Rap Collaborations
^ "Ponke, a human rights hero, is dead". Etan.org. 28 February 2002 . Retrieved . 7 April 2010
^ "William Henry ('Sheikh Abdullah') Quilliam, 1856". Isle-of-man.com . Retrieved . 7 April 2010
^ The Historians' History of the World by Henry Smith Williams, p. 137, published 1907
^ "Ahmad Rashad Bio – Ahmad Rashad Biography – Ahmad Rashad Stories". Tv.com. 2 June 2009 . Retrieved . 7 April 2010
^ "Minnesota Vikings Football Tickets – Vikings Football". Vikings Tickets. 19 November 1949 . Retrieved . 7 April 2010
^ Elliott, Michael (16 February 2002). "The Shoe Bomber's World". TIME . Retrieved . 7 April 2010
^ Stephen Snelders, , p. 24, The Devil's Anarchy: The Sea Robberies of the Most Famous Pirate Claes G. Compaen After his conversion, Jansz. proselytized actively for his new faith, trying to convert Christian slaves...
^ RIBERY HAILS GREAT ZIDANE: Sporting Life 2006 World Cup Finals in Germany, Breaking News, Features, Cannavaro, Zidane, Lippi, Domenech, Buffon, Vieira, Henry
^ "Yvonne Ridley: From captive to convert", By Hannah Bayman, BBC News (online), 21 September 2004
^ "BBC Inside Out – Yvonne Ridley". Bbc.co.uk. 6 October 2003 . Retrieved . 7 April 2010
^ Pirates and the Lost Templar Fleet, By David Hatcher Childress pg. 94
^ , Anatolia News Agency, Daily News Pop stars of Muslim world continuing rise up charts
^ Dr. Umar Rolf Baron Ehrenfels (Austria)
^ Spellman, Kathryn (2004). Religion and nation: Iranian local and transnational networks in Britain. New York: Berghahn Books. p. 145. ISBN 9781571815767.
^ "In Philippines, watchful eye on converts". Csmonitor.com . Retrieved . 7 April 2010
^ "Militant Islamic Converts And Terrorism in the Philippines" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 9 July 2008 . Retrieved . 7 April 2010
^ "MIPT Terrorism Knowledge Base". Tkb.org . Retrieved . 7 April 2010
^ Winet, Evan Darwin (2007). "Sarumpaet, Ratna (1949 – )". In Cody, Gabrielle. The Columbia Encyclopedia of Modern Drama 2. New York: Columbia University Press. pp. 1190–1191. ISBN 978-0-231-14424-7.
^ Arnold, Paul W. (2007-11-18) Scarface interview – AllHipHop.com. Hiphopdx.com. Retrieved on 2011-10-25.
^ Scarface Digital Biography
^ "Europe | Italy prepares for new terrorism". BBC News. 4 August 2005 . Retrieved . 7 April 2010
^ "Free Resources – Black History – Biographies – Betty Shabazz". Gale . Retrieved . 7 April 2010
^ Lonnie Shavelson (20 July 2010). "First Muslim College in US to Open in Berkeley". californiareport.org . Retrieved . 18 October 2010
^ "New Islamic Directions". New Islamic Directions . Retrieved . 7 April 2010
^  Omar Sharif converts to Islam
^  Ahmed Ramzi witness the conversion of Omar Sharif
^ The holy cities, the pilgrimage and the world of Islām: a history from the earliest traditions until 1925 (1344H), pg. 310, by Ghālib ibn ʻAwaḍ Quʻayṭī (al-Sulṭān.), Sultan Ghalib al-Qu'aiti
^ Marshall Cavendish Reference, , p. 59 Illustrated Dictionary of the Muslim World
^ Sabey, R. (19 June 2010). "Champ to chump: Muslim who abused troops is ex-British boxing ace". (London) The Sun . Retrieved . 1 October 2010
^ Jamie Gilham, Loyal Enemies: British Converts to Islam, 1850-1950
^ "20 Minuten Online – Ex-SVPler: "Schweiz braucht mehr Moscheen" – Schweiz" (in German). 20 Minuten. 23 November 2009 . Retrieved . 23 December 2010
^ Hogan, Christine (2006). The Veiled Lands: A Woman's Journey Into the Heart of the Islamic World. Macmillan Publishers Aus. p. 74. ISBN 9781405037013. Kosem was born on the Macedonian island of Tinos, where she was born as Anastasia, the daughter of a Macedonian Orthodox priest. Captured by slavers, she was sent to Istanbul by Bosna beylerbeyi
^ Freely, John (1996). Istanbul: the imperial city. Viking. p. 215. ISBN 0-14-024461-1. Then around 1608 Ahmet found a new favourite, a Macedonian girl named Anastasia, who had been captured on the island of Tinos and sent as a slave to the Harem, where she took the name of Kosem
^ The Imperial Harem: Women and Sovereignty in the Ottoman Empire
^ Ibn Ab̄i Tahir Ṭāyfūr and Arabic writerly culture a ninth-century bookman in Baghdad RoutledgeCurzon Studies in Arabic and Middle-Eastern Literatures: A Ninth-century Bookman in Baghdad, By Shawkat M. Toorawa, pg. 94
^ A history of the crusades, By Steven Runciman, pg. 397
^ AP (14 August 1982). "Joe Tex, 47, Recording Artist And Soul Singer for 30 Years". New York Times . Retrieved . 7 April 2010
^ Thomson, Ahmad – Author Information Ibooks
^ "The Music Show – 24 February 2007 – Danny Thompson". Abc.net.au. 24 February 2007 . Retrieved . 7 April 2010
^ Thomas convicted under terror laws, , 27 February 2006 Four Corners
^ ABC staff (20 December 2006). "Thomas to face retrial on terrorism charges". ABC online (Australian Broadcasting Corporation) . Retrieved . 20 December 2006
^ Humphries, Patrick, Richard Thompson — The Biography, Schirmer, 1997. ISBN 0-02-864752-1
^ "South Asia | Afghan kidnappers 'want convert. BBC News. 18 October 2006 '" . Retrieved . 7 April 2010
^ Ştefan Ştefănescu, Istoria medie a României, Bucharest, Vol. I, 1991, p.164
^ Juan Goytisolo and the poetics of contagion, pg.133, by Stanley Beck
^ a b c ["The Tyson, Olajuwon Connection". The New York Times (The New York Times Company). 1994-11-13. Retrieved 2008-03-14.]
^ Michel Levallois, , ed. Maisonneuve & Larose, 2001, Ismaÿl Urbain (1812–1884) : une autre conquête de l'Algérie ISBN 2-7068-1533-7, pages, 33-36
^ Stephen Brook (8 August 2007). "newspaper report on police investigation into undercover mosque program. Wednesday August 8, 2007". London: Guardian . Retrieved . 7 April 2010
^ "Rizeli futbolcu ve eşi müslüman oldu". internetspor. December 7, 2007. Archived from the original on December 8, 2007.
^ Powell, Michael (23 July 2009). "U.S. Recruit Reveals How Qaeda Trains Foreigners". The New York Times . Retrieved . 26 February 2010
^ Slatin, Rudolf Karl, Baron von. Encyclopædia Britannica. 2007. Encyclopædia Britannica Online. 3 July 2007.
^ Islam in America, By Jane I. Smith, pg. 196
^ Kohn, Rachael. The Black imam of Brooklyn
^ , beliefnet Captain Jack Sparrow - Judge for yourself!
^ Islam in America, By Jane I. Smith, pg. 189
^ "Conversion: Islam, the growing religion". Salaam.co.uk. 1 October 1916 . Retrieved . 7 April 2010
^ "The "Yankee Mohammedan": Alexander Russell Webb and the". Encyclopedia.com. 1 January 2007 . Retrieved . 7 April 2010
^ "Dawud Wharnsby – Colorado – Folk Rock / Acoustique / A'cappella – www.myspace.com/wharnsby". MySpace.com . Retrieved . 7 April 2010
^ John Whitehead at the Notable Names Database
^ "Beds Herts and Bucks – Sport – Williams on boxing: I am not supposed to do it!". BBC. 18 July 2005 . Retrieved . 7 April 2010
^ G. Willow Wilson - Converting To Islam And Selling Comics by Greg Baldino
^ "Feature Interview: Tim Winter (aka Abdul Hakim Murad) :: Sunday Nights". Abc.net.au . Retrieved . 7 April 2010
^ Tim Stanley, , telegraph Malcolm X's assassination robbed the world of a Muslim civil rights visionary
^ "Abel Xavier Quits Football And Converts To Islam". Goal.com . Retrieved . 30 December 2009
^ "Transcript of Sheikh Khalid Yasin-07/09/2003: Sunday Nights With John Cleary". Abc.net.au . Retrieved . 7 April 2010
^ Alex Wellman, Former Playboy bunny Felixia Yeap announces 'rebirth' following conversion to Islam
^ Parker, Laura (16 May 2004). "The Ordeal of Chaplain Lee". Usatoday.com . Retrieved . 7 April 2010
^ CNN.com – U.S. Army Muslim chaplain arrested – September 22, 2003
^ "Mohammed Yousuf". Content-usa.cricinfo.com . Retrieved . 7 April 2010
^ "Convert Plays Leadership Role in Muslim Community". NPR . Retrieved . 7 April 2010
^ Lea, Brooke. "The Soul Searcher". Psychology Today . Retrieved . 7 April 2010