List of convict ship voyages to Western Australia

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Between 1842 and 1849, 234 juvenile offenders were transported to Western Australia on seven convict ships, even though the colony was not then classed as a penal colony. From 1850 to 1868, Western Australia was a full-fledged penal colony, and during that time over 9,000 convicts were transported to the colony on 43 convict ship voyages.

Voyages transporting Parkhurst apprentices to Western Australia[edit]

Parkhurst apprentices were juvenile prisoners from Parkhurst Prison, sentenced to "transportation beyond the seas", but pardoned on arrival at their destination on the conditions that they be "apprenticed" to local employers, and that they not return to England during the original term of their sentence. Between 1842 and 1849, Western Australia accepted 234 Parkhurst apprentices, all males aged between 10 and 21. As Western Australia was not then a penal colony, contemporary documents studiously avoided referring to the prisoners as "convicts", and the ships that brought them were not officially recognised as convict ships there. English records were not so reticent, classing as convict ships the seven ships that transported Parkhurst apprentices to Western Australia.

This is a list of convict ship voyages that transported Parkhurst apprentices to Western Australia.

Ship Arrival Number of
Parkhurst apprentices
Simon Taylor August 1842 18
Shepherd October 1843 28
Halifax December 1844 18
Cumberland January 1846 16
Orient March 1848 51
Ameer February 1849 50
'Mary October 1849 53

Voyages transporting convicts to Western Australia[edit]

This is a list of convict ship voyages that transported convicts to Western Australia during its time as a penal colony between 1850 and 1868.

Ship Origin Arrival Number of convicts
Scindian Portsmouth 1 June 1850 75
Hashemy Portland 25 October 1850 100
Mermaid Portsmouth 13 May 1851 208
Pyrenees[1] Torbay 28 June 1851 293
Minden Plymouth 14 October 1851 301
Marion Portland 2 November 1851 279
William Jardine Plymouth 1 August 1852 212
Dudbrook Plymouth 7 February 1853 228
Pyrenees Torbay 30 April 1853 293
Robert Small London 19 August 1853 303
Phoebe Dunbar Kingstown 30 August 1853 285
General Godwin Calcutta 28 March 1854 15
Sea Park London 5 April 1854 304
Ramillies London 7 August 1854 277
Guide Calcutta 9 January 1855 6
Stag London 23 May 1855 224
Adelaide Portland 18 July 1855 259
William Hammond Plymouth 29 March 1856 249
Runnymede Plymouth 7 September 1856 248
Clara London 3 July 1857 262
City of Palaces Singapore 8 August 1857 4
Nile Plymouth 1 January 1858 270
Caducius Bombay 5 February 1858 1
Lord Raglan Plymouth 1 June 1858 268
Albeura Calcutta 28 October 1858 11
Edwin Fox Plymouth 20 November 1858 280
Sultana Plymouth 19 August 1859 224
Frances Madras 19 November 1859 1
Palmerston Portland 11 February 1861 293
Lincelles Portland 28 January 1862 304
Norwood Portland 9 June 1862 290
York Portland 31 December 1862 299
Merchantman London[2] 14 February 1863 191
Clyde Portland 29 May 1863 320
Lord Dalhousie Portland 28 December 1863 270
Clara London 13 April 1864 301
Merchantman Portland 12 September 1864 257
Racehorse Portland 10 August 1865 278
Vimeira Portland 22 December 1865 278
Belgravia Portland 4 July 1866 276
Corona Portland 22 December 1866 305
Norwood Portland 13 July 1867 253
Hougoumont London 9 January 1868 279

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Shipping Intelligence". The Perth Gazette and Independent Journal of Politics and News. 4 July 1851. Retrieved 19 January 2014. 
  2. ^ Merchantman is officially listed as sailing from London via Bermuda, but its convicts were boarded at Bermuda not London.

See also[edit]

References[edit]